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IV

=)

= / ( + )

| \ :
,
< 0;
,
> 0.

=)+

| \ :
,
> 0;
, < 0.

--)

.

323

324

= /(). I
0<<1. ^ ( = ()
/ \
=*/ () %
^ ). 1 = ^ \
1
,
---------? 0 X
\ /

= / ( \ \ ) ,
\
^ 0, V 1
, \ ]
\
\ / (\\)
. \ /
\ /
_______ ^
: = / ( \ ^ 0 0
? = / ( - * ) . * 5 0. ~)
3
-.

,
II

1
,

. ,
,
---- ' *
- \
.

IV. 1.

. -
: = 8
^ -
[ . 26.

325


1.2. :

) = 8 | - | | ; ) = ! ^ ;

) = ( + 1); ) = ( + 2);

) = % | - ^ ; ) = ( 1).

1..
= 08 ^ + 1.

. =
^ -

326

. = + (. 27).

1 (. 27).


1.4. :
71
) = 1; ) = + 2;
+ 3

) - \% + ; ) = 2.

71
) = - ;

1.5.

= 81 + - 1.

. =

4
. = + ^ .

. = ( - + .

327


1
(. 28).
.
,
= , ..
= ( - ),

^ .

=
, 1 (. ) ,

( ). ,
, ,
= ( - )
^ -
4

, .. = , ,

= 81 X+ ^ .


1.6. :

) = 1 8 ( - * ) ; ) = 1 ( - + 2);

) = ( - ); ) = + ;


) = ( - ); ) = | ~ + 1.

IV.?.

328

. = 4;^
.
(. 29).


1.8. :

) = - ( + 1); ) = - ;

) = - ; ) = - ! ( - 1).

1.9.

= - 2 8 ^

.
^ . -
.
= - .
(
= -
).
(. 30).

329

. 30

IV. 10. :
( \ 1
) = 2 \ - ; ) = ;

^ 1 .
) = - 81; ) = - 3

) = 2 ;

IV. 11.
1 81
= 2*.

. =
, ..
= .
= 5 2.
. (. 31).

330


IV. 12. :
X
) = ; ) = 2 ^ ;

) = - 3 ) = 1 2;

) ; ) = 2.

IV. 13.
= 1 - (1 - 2).
. :
1) = -* - ( + 1)
;
2) = ( + 1) * ( - + 1)
(. 32);
3) = ( - + 1) -* = ( - 2 + 1)
(. 33);
4) = ( - 2 + 1) -* = - ( - 2 + 1)
;

= 5/ (1-2)
. 32 . 33
331

5) = - ( - 2 + 1) = 1 - ( - 2 + 1)
. 33.
,
:
1) = -* = 2*
;
2) = 2 -* = ^2 ^ | = (2 + 1)

1
.
:
= 2
1 .
= (2 ( + 1)) = (2 + 2).
3) = (2 + 1) = ( - 2 + 1)
..
114

. 1) = -* = 2
;
2) = 2 -* = 2 ^ |


6
;

3) = =
-* !
(. 34).
,
: = 2 -* = ( - 2),
= ( - 2)

4) =

(. 35);

332

(. 35).


IV 5. :

) = 2 (( ] ;
) = ( - 1) - 2 ;

) = - | | * - + 1;

) = 3 (2 + I);

) = \% ( ~ | | ;

) = - 3 + 1;

333

71
) = (2 + 3) -
71
) = - (1 - ) + ;
71
) = * (1 - 2) +

IV. 16.

= ^ \2\.

. =
, = 2.
= 2,
^ 0 .
= 8 12 | .
(. 36).


IV. 17. :

) 1 8 | | ; ) = ^ | | ;

) = 18 1*1; ) =

) = (8 1* 1;

334

IV. 18.

= 81

. = | | .
^
4
.
(. 37).

IV. 19. :

) = 2 | - 1 1; ) = | - 1 1;

) = + ; ) = - 2 | + 1 1.

1
) = ^ I + 1 1;

.20.
= 8 ^||

. =
^

. = [ - ^

335

,
'&, .

(. 38).
:
= | | . ,

= | | -

.
4


121 :
) = ( | | + 1 ) ; ) = ( | | - 1);

) = - ^ \ + ^ | ; ) = ( | | + 1).

) = 2 ( \ \ - -1 ;

<

1.22

. :
1) = -* = \ \ ;

336

2) = 8 | | -* = 81 12 |
;
3) = 81 I2 | -* = 81
)

123 :

) = - 2 51X1 ) = 12 + 1 1;
2 ~ 1

) = 2 13* + 2 1; ) =
2 " 1
1 71 71
= 2 008 2 + - ; ) = - 3 8 + 1.

IV. 24.

= 81 |X | - ^

. 1) = $ -* = 8 2
;

337

2) = 81 2 = 81 ^2 |

3) = 51 = 81

(2 ,-!
,
^ .
(. 40).


IV.25. :

) = - 2 |* | 1^ ;

) = 2 (3 | | + 2 ) ;

) = -|8 ^2 | | + ^ | ;
) = (2 | | + 1 ) ;

) = ^ | | - 11 ;

) = - 3 ^2 | | + +1;

) = ^ (2 | | - 3).

1.26. = | | .

338

. = 9
^ 0, .
: =
^ 0 = - ^ 0 (. 41).


1.27. :

) = |8 |; ) = !
|(*-)
) =
) =
|;

|! * 1 ;
) =
) = |<
)
) = I |; ) = X -

) = |1 |; ) = 81-3
:

1.28.
1 .
= 2 * + 6
. 1) = = \ -
^ 0;
=
1
2) = | | = 81 -
;

339

1
3) = 81
2*
= 81

- ;
1 . 1 ,
= 81 81

1
4)


II
2* + 6 2 + 6
,
(. 42).


1.29. :
^
08 ; ) = 81
1~ 1* + 1

, 1
1 51 - 1 ; ) = | 8 (2 - ) |

) = 3 I 08 | - 1 1| - 1;

1.30.

. 1) = -* = 2
;

340

2) = 2 -* = ^2 ^ |

3) = 12 -


=
-1)-

,

^ 0;

4) ^2 | | -* = -
2 | |
-3
,
(. 43).


.31. :

) = ^ ' ! + | ) ) = I -


.) = 2 | | + ) = | (2 | | - 1 )|.

* +

1.32. = / ( ) (. 44).

8(1) = )'

341

I

. 44
. = 1
= 1. ,
/ , ,
/ #
, .. /
, #
. , # .
, / , # .
, / ( * ) , # ( ) <. ,
, / ,

#
. 1.32.
1.. = .
81 X
. ,
2.
[0; 2 ] . ,
= . ,
= =
^ 7 7

= + , 6 2, (

[0; 2]

342

* [0 ; ], -* ,
~----- + . [; 2 1, -* 2,
81
;
1 00.
81
. 45.
1.34.
2
= 08 X | 08 X

. ^ 0,
. -

(
\
2 + 2; + 2& , 2 .

, = -. -
08 X
= ,
,
,
(. 46).

343
. 46

1.35. :

) = ) = -
- | I
1 1
) = ) = - 7
+ |
1 1
) = ) =
+ | |
1 1
) = ) = 1&
1
1 1
) = ) =
1

1.36.
= 2 X ~ 2.
.
2 3 1 + 2 3 1
- - 2 = ------ ---------- 2 = - 2.
2 2 2 2
,
.

344

= - 2
(. 47).
.37.
= - ^3" .
.
.

- 8 = 2 ^ - - ^ | = 2 + |.

= 2 \ + (. 48).

345


IV.38. :

) = 2 2^; ) = 81 X 08 ;

) = 2 2| ; ) = 84 - 4 + 2;

) = $2; ) = + ;
) = 2; ) = - ;
) = 2 2; ) = ^3 + ;
) = 4 + 4 ; ) + / .
) = 812 082;

1.39.
= | | + | |.
. 2 < + 2, 2, ^ 0,
= + , .. = 2 .
+ 2 ^ ^ 2 + 2, 6 2, ^ ,
= - + , .. = 0.
2 ^ ^ + 2, & 2 , ^ 0, =
, .. = 0.
+ 2 ^ ^ 2 + 2, ^.2, ^ 0,
= - - , .. = 2 .
. 49.

346

=
. VI + 2 = V ( + )2 =

- 181X1 + | = " 81X1 | X + ^

= ! | + ^
(. 50).


1.41. :

) = ( )2; )
-V*
X

) = ( )2;
) 1 _ 05 X

) V 1 81
812 X; ) = + 81X1 | | ;

) = V I 2 ; ) = I + I | ;

) = 2 I | ;
3)

)
V 1 + ) = | | ;

347

) = 8 X | 81 X | + | I ;
) = 5 X + V 512 X ;
) = 81 X - V 2X ;
) = 08 X + V082 X ;
) = - V 2 ;
) = V I - 2 ;
) = 2 - 4 | | + 4 ;

) = "'/2X - 2 | X | + 1.

1.42.
= | 1 | .
.
^ _
, = , 6 2 :
_ , _
() = | ^ - - ,

< < + 6 2 , *8 > = 1.

-2 + & < < + , 2, ! < = - 1 .



(. 51).
1.43.
_ | |
~ | | '

.
348

. - 1 ^ < ,
< 0
I | = - ,
| | = ( - ) =
= .
= 1.

0 < ^ 1,

> 0 | | = ,
| | = .
= 1.
. 52 .


1.44. :
) = 18 1 ; ) = \ / 1;
) = \%2\%2-, ) = V 2 - 1;
, 1 I I
) =
> : \%'
X
-<1 &;
> | 5 * |

V - 2 ; ) - 3!_0.
51 X
| |
V - 2 ; ) =
I |

: V - 2; > = %2 - 12
X

V - %2 ; ) = ------ 2 ;

. I | , ..
) = \' - 1; ) = :------ ( - 2);
7 81 X ' '

349

I X |
) = (X + 2);
X
) = 512 ( V 1 - X2 ) + 2 ( V 1 - 2 ).

.45. = ^^ ^.

. > 0, .. 2 < < + 2, 2 ,


= 2 .
< 0 , .. + 2 <<2 + 2,
= - 2 .
. 53.

= | .
. , * && | = .
=
. ,
= = 2,
(. 54).
.47.

2 4

1 -%2

350

. ,
= .
^ ,
,
^ = 0. , =
+ 2, 2 , (. 55).

351

2
81 X - | 81 X
, ^ 0,
.
, = 51*1+2* , .. >- = 5*.

. 56.

1.49. :
2 _
) = \% ; ) =
X

2 .
) = 1 ; ) =
| X |

| I
) = \% I | ; ) =
81 | X |
_ X + | X |
) = I | ;
~ X + | 81 X | *

_ 312 X X | X |
) ) =
2 + | |

2 X + | X |
) = / 2 ; ) =
- I |

352

) - ' V
* 1+ ;
) =
-/!*;
1 - X
) \ / 1 ) =
V 1 + %2 81 X
*8 + 18 1 + 08
) = ) =
1 -\% \% ' 81 X

>-** X
) = ) =
1

* 51 X
) = ) =
1 +
*+ !
1 - \& 2
) )
1 + \%' X - | X
+\%
) 1 /~3 ~ ;

IV.50.
= 51 ( ).
.

X
51 ( ) = >
, \\ ^ 1.
,
(. 57).


1.51. :
) = ( ); 6) = &(! );
) = * (!).

12

1.52.
= (2 ).
. , () = [ 1; 1 ].

(2 ) = 1 - 2 2 ( ) = 1 - 22.
,

= - 12 + 1 (. 58).
1.53.

= 2 (^ ).
. ! = ,
(0; ). \& = .
1 + %2 = ~.

2 = .
1 + 2
. 58
,


, ,

= 2 + 1 ,
IV.32
(. 59).

. 59

354


1.54. :
) = ( ); ) = (1 );
) = ( ); ) = (2 );
) = 18 (! ); ) = 2 (1 ).

1.55.
= ( + ).

. + = , = 1.
1,
, 1)() = [ - 1; 1].


1.56. :
) = + ;
) = 1 + ! ;
) = ( + );
) = 1& ( + );
) = ({2 + ^ );
) (^ + 1 );
) = 1 (!8 + );
) = - ;
) = - .
* * *

1.57.
= ( ).
. ,
= 2.

355

[0; 2 ] . ,
71
( ) = , | X | ^ .

0 ^ ^ , ( ) = .

/ 71 = .
0 ; 2
71
< ^ , - ^ - < , ,
( ) = ( ( )) = .
_ (
;
= .
^
< < 2 , < - 2 < 0, ,
( ) = ( ( - 2)) = - 2 .

2:|
- - 2 .
. 60.

. 60

1.58. :
) = ( ); ) = ! (1 );
) = * (! ).
* *

356

.59.

= + VI - .
. (.
.87), 0 ^ ^ 1
= VI - 2.
,
VI - .
,

= VI - + VI - , .. = .

, () = [0; 1 ].
. 61.


1.60. :

) = ~ + 1 ,

) = ! + ( ,

) = + VI - .


1.
( []) ,
. , [] = 3, = 1, = 0,

[ ] = 4,

1-^1 = - 2 .

2. (
{}) [ ].

357

161.

= [ ]. 2
,

[; + 1),

0
. -1 1 3 X
0 ^ < 1, = 0;
1 ^ < 2, = 1 .. -1
- 1 ^ < ,
= - 1 ; -2
2 ^ < - 1 ,
= - 2 .. . 62
. 62.
1.62, = {,}.
.
-

= 1.

[0; 1) .
0 ^ < 1 , -
[ ] = 0.
{*} = - [ ] = . . 63
, [0; 1)
= . (. 63).
163.
= [ ].
. =
[ - \ ].
: -1 , 0, 1. = /2~
= 1, = 0, = 1
(. 64).
0 ^ < 1, [ ] = 0.
, |2] = 0,
= ,

= 0 = 1.
.
1 ^ ^ , |2~] = 1.
,
= 1 = .
- 1 ^ < 0, [ ] = - 1 .
- ^ < - 1 , [ ] = - 2.
. 64.
1.64. = [! ].
. 0 ^ 12* < 1, [!] = 0.
, 0 ^ < 1 1 = 0. 1 ^ ! \>
[^] = 1. , ^ \ % 1 = 1.
- 1 ^ \% < 0, [!2*] = - 1 . ,
- 12 1 ^ < = - 1 .

359

- < 1*< - 1 , [1] = - 2.


, < - 1 = - 2.
. 65.


1.65. :
) = [ ]; ) = [ ];
) = [ ]; ) = [];
) = [V ]; ) = [18 ];
) = [<8 ]; ) = [! ].

IV.66. = { }.
. [0; 2)
71 71
. 0 ^ < < * ^ , 0 ^ < 1
[ 8 ] = 0. , = $ [ 8 ] = 8 , ..

0; I ) " (?*]
71
= 81. X = , 81 = 1,
[ ] = 1, = 0.
< < 2 , - 1 ^ 81 < 0. [81 ] = - 1
= * - [ ] = + 1. ,
(; 2)
= 81 + 1.
. 66.

360

1.67. = { }.

. 0 ^ < 1, { } =
[0; 1) -
71
= . 1 ^ ^ ,

{ ] = - [ ] = - 1.
, [ 1 ; 1]
= 1.
- 1 ^ < 0,
{ } = [ ] = + 1.
, [ ( 1); 0)
= + 1.

^ < - 1 ,

{ } = [ ] = + 2.
, [1; ( 1))

* 6
361

IV.69. = [ ].
.
= [&; + 1), 6 2.
0 ^ < 1, [ ] = - 0, .. 1;
1 ^ < 2, [ ] = 1 = 1; 2 ^ < 3, [ ] = 2
= 2 ..
1 ^ < 0, [ ] = 1 = 1;
2 ^ < 1, [ ] = - 2 = 2 ..
. 68.


1.70. :

) = 31 [ ]; ) [ ];

) = 1 [ ]; ) = ! [ ];

) = ! [ ]; ) = ! [ - ].

) = [ ];

1.71. = {}.
. .
[; 1) .
0 < < 1, {} = . ,
[0; 1) = .
. 69.

362


1.72. :
) = { }; ) - {*};
) = {*}; ) = 1 {*};
) = 1%{*}; ) = \% {*}.
) = *8 {*};
<* * <

173 = .
, (; )
= , ( ; )
= . ,
=
= , (. 70).


74 :
) = ; ) = ;

) = ; ) = * ;

) = * ; ) = *8 *

) = ;

363

175 - 1;** = 0.

81 = 0,
* 0.

= / , 2,
{
*0. -71 1 * 2





.
, . 71

,
(. 71).
364

1.76. -

= 0. 31
2
. : <)
1
:

8 5* 0, 7
= 0,
08 = 0. 0 X



5* , - >
= 0,
. I
= - + , _3

. . 72


.
.
/, 2 .
. 72.


177 :

51 X
) 8 = 0; ) = 0;

) 81 = 0; ) ^ ' - ;

81 X
) 8 = 0;
> 514 .V * *
) 8 = 0; ) 1 = 0;
) 81 8 = 0; ) = 0;
) 81 X 08 = 0; ) \% = 0;

365

.78.
81 (.2 + 2) = 0.

.
(2 + 2) = , 2 ,
2 + 2 = .
, X

= 0 ,1 ,2 ,....
= 0, ------
(0; 0);
,
- * 73

(. 73).
.79.
08 (2 - ) = 1.
.
(2 - ) = 2, 2 - = 2, 2 = + 2, 2 .
,
2 =
,
2 , = 0, 1 , 2 , . . . (. 74).


.80. :
) 8 ( + ) = 0; ) 1 (2 - ) = 0;
) 8 ( - ) = 1; ) \% ( - ") = 0;
366

|

. 74
) (2 + 2) = 1; ) ! ( + 2) = /3~;
) \& ( - ) = 1; ) = 1.

) \% (2 - ) = ;

1.81.

. 75
367

. + = , 2 .
| + | ^ 2 ,
= 0. + = 0.
+
= ,
2
- +. , / ,
=
2
= - + 2&,
= + + 2: .

,
(. 75).
1.82. = .
51 (* - )
. - - - - - - = 0, = 0.
X

= X + 71,
( - ) = 0, ,
* + ,
/ 0 ,
0,
9* + , , , .


. ,

(. 76).


IV.83. :

) = ; ) ! = ;

) = ; ) ( + ) = 0;

) ( = 1 ; ) ( + ) = 1;

) - ( ; ) ( ) = 0.

368

.84.
2 + 2 = 0.
.

( = 0, ( = ,
151 = 0, ' = , 6 2 .
,

, 6 2
(. 77).
1.85.
+ = 2.
.
I| ^ 1 | | ^ 1,

369

= 1 , ( = 2,
* = 1; ' = 2, .
,
. 78.


IV.86. :

) 2 + 82 = ; ) 81 X + 81 = 2;

) 2 + 2 = ; ) 81 X + 81 = 2;

) 2 + 82 = 0; ) + = 2;

) 2 + 12 = 0; ) 182 + 12 = 0;

6) 2 + 182 = 0; ) = 1;

) 812 + 2 = 0; ) 81 = - 1.

* *

1.87. | | = .
.
8 5 .

370

81 X ^ ,
- = 3>
= - 81 X.
. 79.


.88. :
) | | = ; ) || = ;
) | | = %; ) | | =%.
) | | = 1;

1.89. | | = | | .
.

= 81 ,
= - 81 X.

. 80.

371


.90. :
) |1 = ||; ) | | = | |;
) || = ) | | = | | ;
) || = | * 8 * |; ) | | = |1|.

IV.91.
I ~ X | = .
. , 5 .

& ,
, = , ,
5 , 1 .
= 81 X - , = - 81.

. 81.


1.92. :

) | - | = ; ) | - 1 8 * | = ;
) | -1 8 *| = ; ) | - | = ;

372

) | - | = ; ) | - (8*1 = &.
) | - (8*1 =
* *

.93.
| - 81| = 81 .
. | | = > ,
5 , ..
5 .
, =
(. 82).


1.94. :
) | + I = + ; ) | | = -\% \
) I | = ; ) | ( 8 * I = 1 8 * - ;
) | - | = ; ) | + *8 | = + *8 .
) | + | = + ;

.95.
| | = 1.

373

| 8 | ^ 1 |8 | ^ 1,
,
8 = 1 8 = 1 ,

= + -,

= + > .

,
. 83.

. . 1 1 1
- * -------------* - -
1 1 2 1 1
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
" * ------------- -
1 1 7 1 1
1 1 1 I
, 3* ,
|| *| *
71 -5
4----------------- * - 7 - - 4 ----------------- -
| | | |
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1

. 83

196 :

) 1 | + || = 0; 3) | + | = 2;
) 1 | + 1 | = 2; ) 1 | = 1;
) | | + | | = 0 ; ) I | = 1;
) I | + | | = 2 ; ) 1 | = 1;
) | + | = 2; ) | | = 1;
) I + | = 2; ) | | = 1.
) 1 + | = 2;
* * *

374

1.97.
8 (2 | | + | |) = 0.
. ( 2 \ \ + \ \ ) = ,
2 \\ + \\ = . , = 0 , 1, 2, .... = 0 ,

(0; 0).
2 \\ + \\ =

,
(0; 0)
,
( - 0; 0), (0; - 0),
( 0; - 0)
. --
,
^ 0
& 0,


.



, . ,
(. 84).


1.98. :
) 8 (; \ + |) = 0; ) 8 ( | | - ) = 0;
) (\\ + \\) = 0; ) %(\\ - 1*1) = 0;

) \%(2 \\ + \\) = 0; ) **^** 2 2 *^ = .


) 8: ( | | - ) = 1;

1.99.
,

375

.

.

+ ^ < -= + , 1
4 I
0 2.

5
, 1 X
1

(. 85), 1

. 85
= +
.


IV. 100.
, :
) 8 > 0; ) 8 ^ 1;
/
) 81 > ) \% > \
2

) 81
X ^
^ 1; ) \% ^ - 1;

) 81 & 1; ) \% ^ - ;

) 81 > - 1 ; ) \% ^ ~;
) ^ 0; ) \& ^ 1;

) 8 > - ; ) \% ^ - 1 .

1.101.
,
08 ^ - 1.

376

.

.
08 = - 1 , = 71 + 2 .

-
, -______________
X

(. 86). - ....... ...........


IV. 102.

, . 86

:
) 8 < 0 ; ) > - ^ ;
"
) 81 > ; ) ^ 0;

) 81 ^ - ; ) > " 1;
) 8 ^ 1; ) ! ^ - /.

1103.
,
^ 08 .
. ,
= 8 (. 87).


IV 04.
, :

) 5 8 ; ) < 8 ;

377

) ^ ; ) ^ - .

IV. 105.
,
\\ < 81X,
. - < < . ,
,
= , = - (. 88).


IV. 106.
, :
) \\ >8; ) || ^ &;
) \\ ^ ; ) \\ ^\%.
) \\ < - ;

378

IV. 107.
,
^ | |
. ,
= | | (. 89).


1.108.
, :
) & | | ; ) & \\& I;
) < | |; ) <\\%\.
* *

IV. 109.
,
|| ^ | 8 X | .
.
- | | ^ < | |.

*|*|

. 90
379

, ,
= | | = - | |
(. 90).


.
, :
) \\ 25 I | ; ) | | ^ 1*8x1;
) \\ ^ I | ; ) || ^ \\%\.

IV11.
,
*2 + *2 ^ 2.

.



,


. ,





_
= , 2
(. 91).

IV. 112.
, :
81 X
) 18 ^ ; ) > 0; ) &2 + 2 ^ 0.
81
) \&%& 1; ) ,2 + \%2 25 0;

380


1.
1. ,


: = , = , % = , 1 = .
= =
| | =5 1,
= ( - 1 ) * + ,
= + 2 , 2 .
= 1, = = 1
:

= ^ + 2, 2 , = , 2, = ~ + 2 , & 2 ,

= - 1 , = = 1 -

= + 2;/:, 2 , = + , 2,
4 6 2 , .
= ! =
:
= ! + 4 6 2 , = ! + 462.

5 = .

. 5 = ( - ! ) * + 5 = (-1 )* + ,

381

. 71 ,
* = 15 + ' -
: (-1 )* + ^, 2.
2
.2. = -
2 2
. = *8 ( \^) + , = - + ,
7 3
= - 2"+ 2 2.
7 3
: + :/:, 6 2 .


.. ( 2 1) = .

. 2 1 = (- 1 )* +
* (-?)
I
2 - 1 = ( - 1 1^ + , = (-1 )* +1| + | + ^ ,

: ( - 1)*+11 ^ ^ 2 .

.4. 2 | =
. /( ) = , -
\ 1 1
( 2 I = - , 2 = - + 2

1 1
= + + , & 2 .
2
1 \
: + + , & 2.
2
.5.
. / ( ) = 1%,
( 2 \ 2
: ! I* ^-1 = 1 , = ! 1 + ,

= + , 2.
11
: + , 2.

382


:
,,, . 2 1
.6 . 5111- = - . .26. !8 = .

7- . 3 ^3"
.7. 81 X = . .21. ! 8 | = 5.
4 I
__ _ ,
.8. 51 2 = . .28. (2 - 3) = - - .
4
.9. = V I,0 1 . .29. 2 ^ - ) + 3"= 0.

.10. = . .. 3 ^2 + ^ =0.

.11. 08 2 = .31. 51 ( = 1.

.12. = .32. (2 - 1) = - ' - .


5
.13. = - ^ - . .. (2 ) = .
6
.14. = - /. .34. ( - | ) =

.15. ^ = .35. ( | - | ) =0.


= - 1
.16. 22 . .36. ( + 2) = 1.
22 .
.17. = .37. 18 ( + ^ ) = 1.
7
.18. = 2 .38. 18 ( - 1) = 7.

.19. 0. .39. 18 (3 - 2) = 2.

.20. = 1. .40. 318 ( + 1) - 3"= 0.


.21. 18 2 = . .41. 18 ^5 + | | + 3 = 0.

.22. 1 | = 0. .42. !8 ( | + 2) = 0 .
.23. 18 = ". .43. 18 (4 - 2) = 1.
"
.24. !8 3 = .44., ( | - | ) = ^ .

.25. 1 8 |= - .

383

2 1
.45. = .
/
2 7^
. = (-1 )* + > 4 2 . -
^ 1
(-1 )* + * , : = -------------------,
6 2 ( - 1 )^ +

12
= , 2.
( 1)* + 6
12
: , & 2.
( 1) +

. 2
.46. 81--- = . .49. I ? =
2
2 /
.47. = - - , .50. 1 8 ^ = 1.
2

.4 8 .1 8 ^ = -1 .

.51. = - 1.

, = ^ + 2:/:, = ^ + 2 4 6 2 .

* ( 2 + 2*)
- ^ + 2& 0, 2 ,

: = N.

384


:
" 2
.52. = - - . 5 6 . 8 7 = ^ - .
1
.53. 81 0 . .57. 1 8 ^ = - 1 .

.54. 8

/-*
. 3
.58. 1 ^ = 1.

55 5 2

* * *

.59. : 2 = 1.
1
, 2 = + 2, 2 = + 2 . :

=+2*
= - [ ,

+ 2^0,
2
462,

= | + 2 , * II {0}.

:: = ^ + 2& , {0}.

.6 0 . 8 = 0. .62. \% 2 = 0.
1
.61. 08 2 = .. 81 X2 = .
2

385

1
.64. | 2| = 1. .66. =

.65. =

.67. 18-^ =
2 2

2*


1
.68. 3
2'
, = ( - 1 ) * ^ + ,

= ( I)4 + ~ , 2 .

=
| | < 1, & = { 0 ; 1; - 1} ^
> 1 1 .

1
= ,
1
= ,
7
7 = ,

1 1
= + 21, 1 2 ,

= ^ + 2 , . 2 ,
( 1 7 \
I = 1 ----- I + 2 , 2.
I 101

: -7- + 21, / 6 2 , 7 + 2 , 2 ,
10 3

[ 1 ^ ^ ] + 2 , 2.

386


:

.6 9 . 51 ( ) = 1. .7 3 . 31 ( ( ) ) = 0 .

.7 0 . 31 ( ( ) ) = 0 . .7 4 . 81 ( (31 ) ) = ^ .

.7 1 . ( ) = 0 , 5 . .7 5 . [ ^ ) = ^
" ' / __
.7 2 . ( ) = . .7 6 . 18 ( 31 ) = .

_ . ( 2 + 1 ) 1
.7 7 . .
1 1 + 2 2

. - = ( - 1 )* 7 - + , 0 . 2 ,
11 + 2
2 + 1
2 + 11 = 6 + 2 > '

2 , 1 1 - + 2, .
+ 11
2+ 1
, < 1 , , = = .
2 + 11
:
2 + 1 1
2 + 11 6
= 1 = 7.
2+ 1 5
2 + 11 6
: 1 ; 7 .

:

.78. - ^ = 1. .8 1 . 18 = 1.
1+ 1+2
2 2
.7 9 . = 1. .8 2 . = 0.
1+ 1+
( 2 + 1 ) _ ~
.8 0 .
2 + 11 2

387

2. ,

.83. + = 2.
. 2 2 - 2 = ,

2 2 [ ^ | = 0 .


_
2 = 0, = - , 6 ,
1
X =
2 = ^ + 2, 6 2 .

7 7
: , 2 , + 2 , 2 .

.8^
9* - 7 + - = 0.
. - 2 8 - 2 2 = 0,
2 ( 8 + 2) = 0,
4 5 = 0.

= 9 2 >
= 0, 71 _ ^
X ^ ^
= 0,
5 = 0, _ _
= --, 2,

= 5, 2 ,
,
. _ ^ _ ^
= -7 + , 2 , = - - , / 2,
3
_ : : _
: + , 2; 2,
3 ~

388


:

.84. + | + ^ = .

.85. X + 2 2 = - 81 .
.86. 08 5 + 08 1 = ( + 6).
.87. 5 = .

.88.

.89.

.90. 51

.91.

.92. ( + 5) - ( + 1) = 2 ( + 2).
.93. (15 + ) + (45 + ) + 0,5 = 0.

.94. ( 6:) + 5 | = 0.
.95. \/3 2 + 5 = 9.
.96. 2 + ( - 8) = ' .
.97. + 5 = + 7.
.98. + 5 = + 7.

.99. 2.

.. ^ + ^| - = | + ^ - .

.101. 1 + + 2 + = 0.
.102. = 2 >/3~2 .
.103. 5 + 7 + 2 2 = 2 2.
.104. 12 - I = 0.
.105. 2 = (2 + 2).
* * *
389

.106. + = 1.

|^^ - || = 1, 2 :^ |
, +

.
2~ - | = 1,
(* ?) = 7
= + + 2, 4 2 .
4 4

: + + 2:/:, : 2 .
4 4


:

.107. - = .


.108. + =
2 *
.109. - = 1.
.110. 2 + 2 = 0.

.111. + | ) + ( + | ) = .

.112. ^2 ^ | + ^2 - ^ .

.113. ^ + | + ^ | = - 1.

.114. + = 0.
.115. 4 + 10 = 0.

3. ,

.116.
2 2 - 5 + 2 = 0.

390

. : = 1.
: 212 51 + 2 = . 1{ 2 ,

| | ^ 1, 12 = 1 = 1= ~ + 2 , 2 ,


: + 2, 2.

.117.
8 2 + 6 5 - 3 = 0.
. 8 (1 - 2) + 6 - 3 = 0,
8 812 6 81 5 = 0 .

= 1. 2 61 5 = 0. 1 = ^
, | | ^ 1. 1 = - 0 , 5 ,

0,5, = ( - 1)+1 + , 2.

: ( - 1)+| + , 2 .

.118. 3 6 = 2.

, - 3 (1 2 2 ) - 2 = 0,
6 2 + - 5 = 0.
= 1, | /1 ^ 1.
612 + I 5 = 0, 1{ = 1, 12 =

" = - 1,
$ = | , >

, 2 , _ _
= - 6 + * 2,
= ( 1)" ^ + , 2 .

7 1 ^
: - + - - , 2, ( !)" ^ ^ + , 2.

391


:

.119. 2 3 + 2 = 0.
.120. 4 2 - 4 + 1 = 0.
.121. 2 2 + 2 - 6 = 0.
.122. 2 2 - - 1 = 0.
.123. 2 2 + - 1 = 0.
.124. 6 2 + 5 - 7 = 0.
.125. + 22 = 1.
.126. 1 + = 2 2.
.127. 2 2 + - 1 = 0.
.128. 2 2 2 - 7 2 - 5 = 0.
.129. 4 2 + - 3,5 = 0.
.130. 2 2 + 2 / - 3 = 0.
.131. 12 - 2 % - 3 = 0.
.132. 312 + 1 = 0.
.133. 2 - 3 1% + 1 = 0.
.134. 3 !2 2 + 1 2 - 4 = 0.
.135. | 12 + 1 + 1 = 0.
.136. 2 + 3 = 2.
.137. 2 + 2 + = 0,25.
.138. 5 314 ~ ^ + 3 = 0.

.139. 2 2 - 2 = 0.
.140. 1 + 2 2 + 2 ' / + 2 = 0.

392

.142. 2 $2 ^2 + - 2 | + = 2.

.143. + 2 | - 3 | = 2 +
.144. (10 + 12) + 4 (5 + 6) = 4.

1
.145. 1 +
2:
. % + (1 + 12) = 3, + 1 - 2 = 0.
\% = 1. I 2 + X- 2 = 0, <, = 1, 12 2.

18* = 1, = ~~ + , & 2 ,
4
1 X = - 2,
= - ! 2 + , 2 .

; + , & 2 , ! 2 + , 2 .
4

.146. 3~1 + 3 =
2

.147. - %2 (2 - ) + ---- ^ ------- - 17 = 0.


( + )

.148. " ' = * + 3.


31 X

.149. - 2 !8 6 = 0.
2

.150. 212* + 3 =
*

.151. 182* + 7 = 0.

.152. 13 - 1 + ---- ^------ 3 1


X (- .

393

.153. 12 + 1&2 = 2.

. %2 = , {2 = .

+ = 2, = 1. &2 = 1.

+ , %,
1% = 1, 4
= - 1 , 71
+ ,
4

: + , 2.
4


:
.154. 2 + ! 2 = 2.
.155. 2\% - 21* = 3.
.156. + 3 !2 = 4.

.157. +|

.158. 13 ( - = - 4 - 3 13 ( - ^ .

.159.
\% + !2 + 3 + 3 1 + 4 = 0.
. 1,2 + !2 + 3 (1 + 1) + 4 = 0.
1% + ! = . ,
,
1&2 + *2 + 2 = 2 12 + 182 = 2 - 2.
:
2 - 2 + + 4 = 0, 2 + + 2 = ,
394

!= 1 2 = - 2.

~\% + \% = - 1 ,
% + * = - 2.

, 1% = 1, -

= - + ,


: + , 2 .
4

.160. 14 + 14 + 12 + !2 = 4.

.161. 14 + 12 + !4 - ! 2 = .

.162. 13 + \%2 + {2 + 13 = 4.
.163. + 1& + 12 + 12 + 13 + 13 = 6.
.164. 18 2 + 5 (3 + ~) + 2 2 + 5 = 0.
.165. 2 2 + + 81-1 + 2 8 2 = 6.

* *

.166.
+ + = 1.
. : + = ,
22 1
2 + 2 + 2 = 2, =
2 *

: ^ + - = 1
1 2 + 21 - 3 = 0, 1= - 3, 12 = 1.

395

( 7\ 3V
08
[51 X +
$1 X +
X = 3 ,
X = 1 , 0
--*
( \ /
08
< ^ '

,

= + 2, 2 ,

= + 2 , ' \2 ,
= 2 , 6 2 .

: + 2, 4 6 2 , 2, \2 .


:
.167. 5 (1 2) - 16 ( ) + 3 = .
168. 81 + 08 = 1 + 81 .
69. 3 + 3 = 1.
70. 2 2 = 3 ( + ).
.171. 2 (1 ) + 1^ * + ! = 0.
.172. + = 3 (1 + ! ).
73. 4 ( - ) = 4 - 2.
.174. ( + ) = % + ! .
.175. 11 + 11 - 5 2 = 7.
76. 2 (1 ) + 3 (! - ) + 5 = 0.

.177. + 2 = 3.
1 2 1
.178. 2 + 5 ( + ) = 0.
.179. 5 ( + )+ = 2 (2 + 2).

396

4.

.
0 " + * '1 + . . . + _ "-1 + " = ,
0, , ... , , 0 * 0, 5 1,
^,
- .
* *
.
, * ,
* = 0 : 0 " * = ,
* = 0, , * *
.
"*, :
0 ? + * + ... + _1 * + = .

, 1& = I,
: 0 ( + , I ,1_1 + ... + _, I + = 0.
.180. * 2 * = 0.
. *.
= 2, * = 1 2 + , 2.
: 1 2 + , & 2 .

:
.181. * + * = 0.
.182. * - * = 0.
.183. " * - * = 0.
184. * + " * = 0.
.185. 3 * = 2 *.
.186. 2 * + * = 0.
.187. 2,5 2* - 8,75 2* = 0.
.188. 5 3* = 2 3*.
.189. (* + 30) - (* + 30) = 0.

.190. (* + ^'
* * *

397

.191.
7 512 - 8 8 - 152 = 0.
. 2*, -
7 12 - 8 15 = 0. : 1 = :
I I 2 - - 15 = 0,

1= - 1 , 1 = .

18 = - 1 ,

= - + , & 2 , = 1 + , 6 2 .

15
: + , & 2 , ! + , 2 .
4 /


:
92 2 5 + 2 = 0.
.193. 2 2 - 5 + 3 2 = 0.
.194. 2 2 + 3 + 2 = 0.
.195. 2 2 + 2 2 - 2 2 2 = 0.

96. 2| - | | + 2 2| =0.

97. 4 2 + 3 - 7 2 = 0.
98. 3 2 - 2 ~ + 2 = 0.

.199. 2 ^ 3 2 ^ = 0.

.200. 2 + 3 2 - 2 2 = 0.
.201. 6 2 7 2 + 8 2 = 0.
.202. 2 + 0,5 2 - 2 2 = 0.
.203. 2 5 + 7 2 5 = 4 10.

398

. 2 0 4 . 51 2 * + 812 = 4 2 * .
.2 0 5 . 3 2 + = 5 2 - 2 .

.2 0 6 . ( 4 4 ) 2 = 2 2 .

.207.
3 2 + 2 = 2.
. 3 2 + 2 = 2 ( 2 + 2 ),
2* + 2 * - 2 2* = 0.
2 *
\% = 1, 12 + 21 - 2 = 0,
* = ! ( - 1 - ) + ,
: ! ( 1 ") + , 2 .


:
.208. 3 2 '- 7 * * + 14 2 * - 2 = 0.
.209. 4 2 * + 2 = 3.
.210. 5 2* 3 2* 2* = 2.
.211. 22 2 7* - 3 14* + 10 2 7* - 10 = 0.
.212. 22 2* + 4 2* = 7.
.213. 2* + 2 2* = 2.
.214. 2 2 * + 2* - 2 = 0.
.215. 6 2* - 1,5 2* - 5 2* = 2.

.216. 2* * * =

.217. 3 2 * - 2 - * * + 5 2 * = 2.

.218. (- - 1) 2* + | (- + 1) 2* = - 1.

399

.219.
514 2 + 813 2 08 2 - 8 8111 2 083 2 - 8 084 2 = 0.
. 4 2
1 2 = I, *4 + *3 8< - 8 = ,
1 (1+ 1 ) - 8 ( * + 1) = 0, (<3 8) (- 1) = ,
( I - 2)(+ 1)(<2 + 2- 4) = 0 ,
1{ = 2, <2 = - 1 ,

, = ^ 12 + , .2 , 2 = - ^ + , .2 .

1
: 2 + - - , & 2 , - + , 2 .
2 2 2

.220. *X + 814X 082X = 813X 3X + 81X 5X.


.221. 2 2 - 10 3 + 21 4 = 0.

.222, 22 - 2| + 3 2 2 + 2| +

+ 2 32 = 0.
.223. 5 + 3 2 + 8 2 3 +
+ 8 5 = 0.
.224. 3X 5 1 X + 2X 2 - 3 2 -
3 4 = 0.
2* (3 . XI , . 2 X X
.225. 3 2 + + 3 - - -

. X 2X . 2 ( , \
51
2 = 8 (2 + 2 ] 2*
.226. "2 - 4 2 + "3 = 0.
* * *

400

.227.
4 813X - 81 X + 08 X = 0.
. .
: = 4 3.
( 2 + 82 ).
:
3 813 X + 812 X 08 X - 81 X 082 X + 083 X = 0 .

3 \% *, :
3*3 + *2 - 1 = 0. , * = - 1
.
3*3 + 2 - I + 1 = (I + 1) (12 - 21 + 1).
3 ( 2 - 21 + 1 = 0 ,

18 = 1, = + , 4 6 2 .
,
: 7 + ::, 7,.
4

.228. 2 $2 + ^ 2 2 + $ 4 + 2 0.

.229. 5 4 2 + 4 = 4 2 2 2 2 + 4 2.
.230. 3 = + .
.231. 3 2 2 + 2 = 0.
.232. 3 2 + 3 2 2 = 0.

.233. 516 + * = \ ( 4 + 4 ).

.234. 2 3 = 2.
. :
. . / 2
4 2 3 08 2 "

401

. 2* , , 2 /
812 2 + 4 81 - 0 8 2 - 5 ^ - 0.

2^
|

{, : <2 + 4< - 5 = 0, ^ = 1, (2 = - 5,

= + 2, 2,
I = - 2 ^ 5 + 2, . 2 .
: + 2, 2 , 2 1% 5 + 2, & 2 .


:
.235. 2 - 3 = 3.
.236. 4 81 - 6 = 1.
.237. + = 1,4.

.238. 3 ^ + ^ = 3.

.2 3 9 . 2 + 2 = 2.
.2 4 0 . 5 = (1 + 5).
.2 4 1 . " ( - 4 5 ) + ( + 4 5 ) = '/ .

.242. - - = :

5. ,

,
:
, 1 + 2 . , 1 2
= ------ ^------ > 31 = ------- 2------

.243.
2 + 2 2 + 2 3 = 1 ,5 .

402

1 - 2 , 1 - 4 , 1 - 6 3
.------ ^------ + ------ 2------- + ------ 2------------ 2
4 + ( 2 + 6) = 0, 4 + 2 4 2 = ,

2 4 | 2 + = 0.

4 = ,
* = | + ' * 6 2 '
2* - - , 0,!
= + , 2.

, , -*
: + -, 2 , -- + , & 2 .
4 3
.244.
2 2 + 4 - 2 = 0.
. 1 - 2 + 4 - 2 = 0,
4 - 2 - 1 = 0, 2 2 2 - 2 - 2 = 0.
2 = I, :
1 --/ 1 +-/
21 2 I 2 = 0, = ^2
4
1 + ' ^ , _ 1-
-----------> 1, 2 = ------ ------,
1 1 - , , 7_ ^
= ----- -------- , .2,.
2 4
1 1-
: ----- -------- 1- , .2 .
2 4

.245. 2| = 4.

.246. 2 4 =
2 4
.247. 2 + 2 2 + 2 = 1,5.
403

.248. 6 2 + 2 2 2 = 5.
.249. 2 + 3 2 = 2.
.250. 812 X + 812 5 = 1.

.251. 2| + 2^ = 1.

.252. 2 + ^ 26 = 1

.253.

.254,

.255. 2 2 + 08 4 = .
.256. 2 082 2 + 08 10 - 1 = 0 .
.257. 2 2| + 2 = 0.

.258. 2 2 ^ + 2 = 1.
.259. 1 - 2 28 = 4.
.260. 2 2 2 + 2 = 0,5.
.261. 2 1 ^ - 2 1 ^ + 2^ = 0,5.
-- 2X , 2 2 2
.262. + =
0 0 0
.263. 2 + 2 2 + 2 = 1,5.
.264. 2 + 2 2 - 2 - 2 4 = 0.

V 265. 2 (2 + ) + 2 2 + + 812 " ?)


- 2 (5 - 2) = 0.
.266. 2 2 + 2 + 2 + 24 = 2.
.267. 2 + 2 4 = 2 5 + 2 6.
.268. 2 + 2 2 = 2 + 2 4.
.269. 2 + 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 + 2 5 = 2,5.
.270. 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 + 2 5 = 2.

404

.271. 4 + 4 = 0 8 .
_ /1 2)
2 /1 + 08 2; 2
.
+ (------ 2------ ] = 08 4
2 + 2 2 = 4 0 8 , 2 + (1 + ) = 4 4,

4 = 1, = .

: .


:
.272. 4 4 + 4 = 1 + 12 4.
.273. 814 + 814 | + ^ .

.274. 514 + 4 X =

.2 7 5 . 4 + 814 + 4 | - = 0 ,5 .

.2 7 6 . 84 4 + 4 |= | .
3
.277. 4 + 4 ^ - ^ ^ .

6. ,


:
31 /3 = 2 ( ( + /3) + ( /3)),

/3 = ^ ( ( - /3) + ( + /3)),

/ = ^ ( ( - /3) - ( + /3)).

, .
405

.278.
+ X 2 = 0.

, + ^ ( - 3 )= 0, + = 0.
: 2 2 = 0.
:

+ , ,
= 0, =2
2 = 0, --
,
.
4 2

: + , , .
.279.
6 2 = 5 2.

. ^ ( 8 + 4) = ^ ( 8 + 2) - 2,

4 + 2 = 0, 2 = 0.
:

= + , ,
= 0,
= 0, _ _
= , .

: + , , , .


:
.280. 2 2 + = 0.
.281. 7 = 4.
.282. 2 = 5.

.283. ^4 +

.284. 2 ( + 20) = 40.

406

.285. ( + 4 5) ( - 15) = 0 ,5 .
.286. ( + 7 0) 08 ( + 10) = 0 ,5 .

.287.
\
[ +,
(* + ? ) = 0 5 -
2\ . 13: 2
.288. 5 5 +
) = 31 ~ 6 ~ 008 ~<
.289. 08 08 = 08 4 08 7.
.290. 8 X 81 7 = 81 81 5.
.291. 8 5 08 = 81 9 08 7.
.292. 8 ( + 1) 08 2 ( + 1) = 81 3 ( + 1) 08 4 ( + 1).
.293. 8 81 + 2 + 0 , 5 = 0 .

.294. ( + )2 = 2
.295. 2 2 + 2 = 2 5 4 + 8.
.296. 0,25 - 0,5 2 = .

.297.
4 ^ + | + + = 1.

. 2
^ ^ - (2 + )] + = 1,
+ 2 2 + = 1,

+ + = 1, + | = 1,

/2
)- 1, | 4 1

- ^ = + 2, <=2,
4 4
, 2 , _ _
, 2 , _ _ = 6 + ~
= + + ~' & 2' 2 _ _
= - -, .

_ 2 , 2
: + - 5, ; , .

407


:
.298. 2 6 4 + \ 12 = .
4
.299. 4 2 5 1 = .
.300, 4 2 = 6.

.301.

.302. 8 | + | 8> 1^ + *] =

.. 2 = .

.304.

12 2 ^ = 9 - 4 ^ ^ .

. 12 2^ = 9 - 2 ( 2 + ).
:
(1 + ) = 9 - 2 2 - 2 ,
2 2 + 8 - 3 = ,
2 (2 2 - 1) + 8 3 = ,
4 2* + 8 - 5 = .
= I,
12 + 8 ( - 5 = ,

1= ^ , (2 = - ^ . :
1 7
= , * = + 2 , 2 .

: ? + 2:, 6 2 .
<
408


:
, . , . . . 3 1
.305. 51 - 81 X + 08 =
2 2 2 4

.306. 2 + 2 = 2 2 ^ 0,5.

2 1 2
.307. 31 X + -7 81 = 81X 51 .
4

.308. 2 2 | + ^ | = 1 , 5 | + .

.309. 2 2 - -7 = 2 6.
4

.310. 12 2 ( - ) + 4 ( ) 9] = 9.

2 X 312 2
.311. = ( + ^ ( - ! ) .
4 2
.312. 2 + 2 = 5 + 2 .

7. ,


:
= 3 - 4 3 ,
= 4 3 - 3 ,

- 3* - .
1 - 312
.313.
+ 3 2 = 3 .
. 3 - 4 3 + 6 = 3 ,
2 (2 2 3 ) = 0 ,

409

2 51 X (2 (1 - 082 ) 3 05 X) = ,
2 (2 2 + 3 - 2) = .

" = ,
2 2 + 3 - 2 = 0,
= , & 2 ,
_
= + 2 , & 2 .


; , 4 6 2 ,
+ 2, 2,

.314.
[2
3X + 513X 81 = ~.
4
.
3 :
. 3 31 X 81 3 +
811 X = ---------- ----------- , X = ----------- ----------- .
4 4
:
+ 3 X 3 X 81 . 2
---------- ~
---------- 0 + ---------- ----------- 81 = ,
4 4 4
(2 - 2 ) + 3 ( - ) = ,
6 + 3 2 = \^2~, 4 32 - 3 2 + 3 2 = \^2~,
1 1
2 ^2 ' 008 2 ~ 7 2 " X = ~ + , .2 .
3 2 = ~


: + , 2 .

.315. + 2 = .
.316. 9 = 2 .

410

.317. 3 ^ = .

.318. 6 + 2 = 2 4.
.319. 9 2 6 = 2.
.320. 4 2 = .
.321. 3 + 3 + - = .
3
.322. + 3 = 3 ^

3 "
.323. 81 + 81 = 2.
4
-
.324. + - 2 = 0.
4
.325. 4 = 2 .
23
.326. 2 = - .

.327. - 1 = 2.
.328. 6 + 8 2 - 4 4 - 5 = 0.
.329. 3 + 3 = 3 4.
3 . . 3 3
.. 2 ^ + ^ = -

.331. 4 3 + 4 3 = 3 2.
.332. - 2 = .
.. 8 + 3 4 + 3 2 = 8 3 - 0,5.

.334.

.335. 3 7 1 | = * 8 .

8. ,

411

. ,
:
2 2\%
$ 2 $2 ~
1 + \%2 1 +2

2\%
\%2
1 - \%2 '

+ , ,
,

+ & 2 , .
.336. 2 2 + 3 = 5.
.

, + 2 .

+ 3 1 8 * - 5 = 0,
1 +
3 183 X - 5 \&2 + 7 18 - 5 = 0.

= I, 3<3 51 + 11 5 = 0.
I = 1.
3*3 512 + 11 5 I 1, :
(12 - 21 + 5)(1 - 1) = 0.
3<2 2- 5 = -
71
, 1 = 1, = + ,
.
, ,

+ , 2 ,
,
.

412


:
.337. 2 + 1 = 2.
.338. 2 + % = 0.
.339. 2 (1 08 2) = .

.340. 151* + 1 3 0 2 = ^-1%.

.341. 1 + + ^ 0*

.342. 2 + = 3 18 2 *
50
.343. + 6 1 = 4 1 ! .
4 2 2
.344. %2 + 2 2 - 5 - 0.
1 2 + 1
.345. = 1 + 2.
1 - 1*

.346. (1 + ) ^ 1 ~ - 2 + = 2 .
.347. 3 4 = ( 2 - 1) 1 .

.348. + 5 + 5 = 0.

21 | 5 ( 1 - 1 2| )
.. -------- + - ---------- - + 5 = 0,
1 + 2| 11 + 2

21 | + 5
( - *'!) + 5 (1 + 1 2| =0, 1^= - 5 ,

= - 2 ! 5 + 2, 6 2.
,
+ 2, 2 , .
: ( + 2 ) + 5 ( + 2) + 5 = 0 5 +
+ 5 = 0. , + 2, 7 ,
.
: - 2 ! 5 + 2, 6 2 , + 2, & .2.
413


:

.349. 2 + 2 = .

.350. = 2(1 + ).

.351. 2 + = - 2.
.352. 81 - 2" = 3.
.353. 4 2 - 3 2 = 3.
.354. 4 6 1.
.355. 2 - 2 = 4 - 2.

.356. 1 - ( + ) + ^ = 0.

.357. 1 = (1 + ) .

+ 4 (1 - ) = 0.

9. ,

.364. + 2 = 0.
. 2
. :

414

. 1
51 X + X = 1.

\
, .
2 2
. . . /
1
31 X + 31 = 1, 31 + = 1,

+ ^ = ^ + 2, 2 , = ~ + 2, 2 .
2 3


: + 2, 2 .

.365.
- 5 = "( 5 ).
, + = 5 + ~ 5.
. :
1
+
5
. = 1 5 +
5.

, 1 . 3~
, , ------
2 2
1 . :
*


, - , :

~ + = ^ 1 5 + 5,

| - | = ^5 - | ,

5 | | | = 0 ,

2 + | | = 0 ,

( + ^ ) = 0 , = + ,
_ ^
(4:<- * 16 + 4 6 '

> . ' 1 1 / /
: - + *, 2 , + , 2.
1-6 16 4

415


:
.366. 15 + 15 - 2 = 0.
.367. + 0.
.368. 2 2 = 0.
.369. ( - 45) + ( + 45) = .

.370. = ^ .
.371. ~ = 2 .
.372. 31115 + 5 = - 13.
.373. 2 11 + 7 + 3~31 = 0.
.374. 2 41 = ( 11 - 11).
.375. 2 - " 2 + 2 = 4 2 .
.376. 31 7 - 5 + " 7 - 5 = 0.
.377. - 81 = "( - ).
.378. 8 6 = "(81 6 + 8).

.379. ( 2 + 2)2 - 5 = - 2 |.

.380. (7 + 2) - ( 5) =

.381. (2 - ) + 4 2 = .
.382. 3 + 2 = 6 2 + 2 .
.383. 2 + 2 = ( 2 - ).
.384. 20 2 5 = + .
* *

.385. 2 3 = 0,5.
, (
4 8 ).
.
. 22 + 2.
1
X =
2\

416

+ = 0 33

<, ---- .

: - < = -

, ( - < ) = ,

= ("1)* ^ ^ ^^

3
< =
1 3
: (-1 )* + + &, 2.


:
.386. 3 + 4 = 2.
.387. 3 2 + 4 2 = 5.
.388. 5 - 12 = 13.
.389. 5 + 12 = 6,5.
.390. 2 2 3 = 0,8.
.391. 5~ = '/ .
.392. 3 + 5 = 4.
.393. 4 5 + 3 5 = 5,2.
.394. 3 - 5 ^7 + ^-1=4 .

.395. 3 | - ^ | + 4 | + + 5 ^5 + ^ | = 0 .
.396. 5 2 + 12 2 + 13 6 = 0.
.397. 2 | + 11 + 2 ^| =

= (^ + | | + ^ + |) .

14 417

.398.

= 2

.399. 2

10. ,


( / ( ) ) .
,
. / ()
, .
/ ( )
, ,
/ () = .
.

.400.
4 2 = 6.
. .
-:
4 2 = 6 ,
4 = 6 X,

^ ( 7 + 31 ) = ^ ( 7 - 5), X + 51 5 = ,

2 2 = ,
= ,
2 = ,

418


,

= 0
,
= , .

* , * , 2.
<
1
+ * , ^ (1 + 2) 5 , 1 + 2 * .

,
, .
.

: 2, * , 2, ^ + 2.

.401.
2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = - 0,5.
. 2 .
:
2 2 + 2 4 + 2 6 +
+ 2 8 = - .


:
+ 5 - + 1 5 +

+ 9 - 1 + = 0, 9 = 0, = , .

= 0
.
, , ..
, 9 .

: , 2, * 9, 2.

419


:

.402. 2 4 8 = -7 7 .
10

.403. 2 4 = 1 .

.404. 2 4 8 = ~ 15.

.405. 2 = 0,5 2 .
.406. + 2 + + 4 = 0,5.

.407. 2 + 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 = 1 -7 .
4
.408. + 2 + = - 0,5.
.409. + 2 + = + 2 + .
1
.410. + 2 + = ^ 1 ^ .

. 4 . 3 . 8 | + <8 * = ^ .

* *

11. ,



.
.
.412.
+ 2 + 3 = 0 .
. ( + 1) + 2 = 0,
(1 + ) + (1 + )(1 - ) = 0,
(1 + ) ( + ) = 0 .

420


" 4- 1 = ,
51 X + X - 51 X X = 0 .



- + 27&, 2 .

: + = I, 1 + 2 = 12,

= ^ ( < 2 ~ 1)*

I - ^ (<2 1) = 0 , 12 21 - 1 = 0 ,
<,= 1 + '/, <2= 1 '. :
1+
' + = 1 + , ~ ~
+ = 1 - , 1-
-
,
:
1-
= (I)"
+ ,
4
.

: - + 2 , ,

. . 1- , ^ _
(-1) ---- + , 2 .

.413.

1 + + + 2 + 2 = 0,

. 1 + 2 + 2 + + = 0,

2 2 + 2 + (81 + ) = 0,
2 ( + ) + ( + ) = 0,
(2 + 1)( + ) = 0.

421


05 = - 0,5,

81 X + X = ,

= -- + 2, 2,

X = - + 71, 2 .
4
2 7
: + 2} & 2 , + , 2 .
3 4

.414. 16 81 - 2 = 1 - 2.
.415. + 1 - 2 = 2 2 - 2 .
.416. 2 + + 2 = 2.
.417. 34 + 34 = 1 - 0,5 8.
.418. 2 2 + - 2 = 0.
.419. ( - )2 - 0,5 51 4 = 4 - 4.
.420. 2 + 2 = 2~(42 3142).

.421. 3 + ^ 312 2 + 4 + 4= 0.

.422. 4 + 4 1 = 0.

.423.
. . 2
45 2 - 1
16 - 2 .

2 (1 - ) - 1 _ (1 - 2 )
.
~

422

1 - 2 05 _ 5 (1 2 )
X ~ X

81 X (1 - 2 ) (1 - 2 ) _
= ,
X

( 1 - 2 05 )(5 1 - 1) _
X ~

1
= - ,
= 1,

* 0.

= 1 = 0, = ^ >

= + 7, .2 .

: ^ + 2, & 2 .

.424. 4 + 2 = 2 + 3 .
2 1
.425. + 1 - - + ^ 2 + * = 0.

.426. 2 - 1 2 + 4 ( - + 1) = 0.

.427. 3 (1 + ! ) + 3 (1 + 1) = 2.

.428. (1 + 2)(1 - 1) = 1 + 1 .

.429. + 1 = + .

.430. 2 + 2 4 - 1 6 2 = 0.

423

81 X + 1
.431. + X = 2- 81 ( X 2).
05 X

1 + 3X
.432. \% .
1 + 813X
+ 1
.433. 1 + 2.
- 1

12. ,

.434.
2 + 2 2 = 2 3*.
_ 1 - 2 , . , _ 1 - 6*
.------ =------- + 2 2 ------------- -------- = ,

6 - 2+ 2 812 2 = ,

- 2 2 4 + 2 2 2 = ,
2 2 ( 2 - 4) = 0 , - 4 2 = .

= , 2,
= , _
= - , ,
2 = 0,
= , _
= 2.
6 + ~3~

,
2, - ( = - 1 ) , ^ ,
_ _ . ,.
2 5 ( = - 1 ) , + ~,
2 3

- ( = - 1 ) ,

7
, -
2
_
; - .
6

424

.435.
1
+ = -----------,

10 ^ ^ 8
< < .

1 2
, +

( + 1) - (1 - )(1 + ) _
X ~
( X + 1)(1 + ) _
~

= - 1 ,

[
1 + = ,
+ - 1 = , /
2

* , X * ,
= + 2, 2,
_
= + 2, 2 ,
4 4

* + , 2,

= + 2, 2,

= + 2 , 2 , = + 2, 2 ,
= 2, = 2, .
*"
* + , 2,

, = /, 1 2.
, ,^ _ ^ ^ 8
= /, / 2 < <
: = .
: - .

425


:

.436. 82 + + 1 = 0.
.437. 4 - 4 = 0.
.438. 4 - 4 = 0,5.

.439. 4 + 4 = ^ .

.440. 2 + 0,5 2 = 1.
.441. 2 - 3 = 4 2^ .

.442. 4 3 + 4 2 - 3 = 3.
.443. 2 - 3 2 + 2 2 = 1.

.444. + = ~ .

4
.445. 1 - 1 = 2.

.446. 6 4 = 0.
.447. = .
.448, 2 = ~( 2 ).
.449. 2 2 + 2 = 1.
.450. + 2 + + 4 = 0.
.451. 2 + 2 = 0.
.452. 3 = 0,25 + 3 .
.453. (1 - 1)(1 + 2) = 1 + 1.
.454. %1 + \% = 0.
.455. 3 (1 + 4 ) + 3 (1 + 1) = 2.

426

,
- < < - ^ :

.456.

5
.457. |4 + I = 1 .

.458.

.460.

.461. ^ ^ = 0,9.

,
:
2
.462. 2 = , < < .
, 1
.463. + = , < < -.
4 2

.464. 5 5 = , ^ < < .

.465. + = 1, - ^ < < ^.

.466. + = 1, 0 < < :.

.467. 1 7 = 2, ^ < < ^ .

.468. 8 2 8 = - , ~ - < < -^.


2
.469. 2 = , - < < - .

427

.470. %2 - 2 2 = 0, - ^ ^ ^ 2.

.471. 51 X + 81 5 + 81 = , ^ X ^ .

.472. 3 + 2 + = 0, ^ ^

.473. 4 2 (1 + 2) = 1 - 2, | | < 2.
.474. 1 + 2 2 = 2 2 , | | < 2 .
.475. + 2 = 2, | | < 2.

.476. %(4 ) = , ^ < < ^.

.477.

2 + X
2
+ 31 ~2 X = 4 812 4 ,
4
( \

2 + 4 >0-
. 2 + 2 (\
I^ +,

. \ 4 2 4
( 2 052 + ^ " 82 ] =
1 .
, - - ,
* ^

2 + 2 [ 4 4 + 31 4 4 1 = 4 2 4 .
1 2 3 2 31 4

1 + - = 2 2^ ,

1 + | | - ^ | = 1 - | , | | - + | = ,

2 ( - 1 ) ( | - | ] = 0 .

428

05


2
= + , & 2 , = ~ + 2, 2 .
3

(

+ > 0.

= -|: + ,

(
, :\ . ( \ . (1 , :&\
2 + ] =81 [ + + 7 ] 8 ( 1 2 + ] '

$ [ ^ + ^ ].

= 4, 2 ,
. (1 \ . (1 , \ . 1 ^
51X1
(2 + ] = 81|2+27) =82 >0;
\ + 1
& = 4
. /7 , \ . (1 \ . 13 .
51X1
( 2 + | =51 ( +27 + 1 ) = 81 2 < 0 ;
& = 4 + 2
. /7 &\ . /7 , \ .1 9
51 ^ 2 + - ] = 81 \ + 2 + \ - 31 ^ < 0;

= 4 + 3
. /7 *\ . /7 , 3 \ .2 5 .
8 [2 + ] 8 [1 2 + 2, + 2 ,] = 82 7 = 52 > 0<

,
2
= 4 = 4 + 3. = ^ + 4, & 2 , 2

2 2 11
= - + (4 + 3 ) = - + 3 + 4 = + 4, & 2 .

429

= + 2:/,
. ( , . (2 , \ . 2 , 2 .
51 I + I= 51 + \ = 31 + 08 511 =

. 2
= 51 .

, ( = 2, 2)
, ( , \ . 2 _ . 27 ^ .
81 2 + 4 = 2 = > ,

( = 2 + 1)
\ 2 2
( + I = 51 ( + 2 ) = - 81 < 0.

, -
4 4
, .. = + 2 * 2 = + 4 .
2 11 4
: - + 4, 4- 4, 2 , - + 4, / 2 ,


,
:
.478. 2 2 - 4 = 1, ^ 0.
.479. + 5 || + | =
(!*!)
_ . (3 \ . (5
= 2 ^ - ^ ^ - I ) 81|<0*
.480. 2 + 2 + ^3" ^2 = 4 2 2 (2 + ^ ) > 0.

.481. 2 - ~ 2 + 2 = 4 2 ,
( ^ - 7 ) >0-
. 2 . ^ " | ) + 51 + |* ) -

= 2 ( |- ^ ( | + ^ , ( | + |)< 0 .
.483. 2 + 2 2 = 2 , < 0,5.
.484. (1 + 12 ) - 12 + 1 = 0, < 0.

430
___________
2.
1. ,
,

.485.

. + = 71,
5 + = 1.

.

+ = 3
. + -
2 51 05 - = 1.



+ . :
71 71
+ =>
+= >
-
2 ^ * - = 1; ^ = 1;
I

+ = 3
- = 4,
,


= - + 2&,

= ~ 2&, 2.

:
: | + 2&; , .
.486.

-= -
3
2* - 2 = 0,25.

431

.

_
- = -
3
1 + 2 _ 1 - 2 _ _1
2 2 4

~ = ~' ~ = ~ >
2 + 2 = 0,5, 2 ( + ) ( - ) = 0,5,

- =
3 X- = -
3
2 ( + )
'5'

( + ) = 0,5,

- = ~'
+ = + 2, & 2 .


= ,
7
= - + ,


= - - + :*,
= :&, & 2 .

:
: [ > I + ;&; :&|, 6 2.


:

.487. * - =
^ 3
X + = .
*

2
.488. + = ,
6 + 6 = 2.

432


+ =
2
.489.
+ 1
31 X + 51 =

2
2-= ,
.490.
1
81 X 81 ^ = 2

X - = 60%
.491.
08 X + 08 = 1 ,5 .
:
X- =
.492. 6
8111 X - 08 = 0,5.

X+ =
.493. 2
81 X + 08 = .

+ = -^,
.494.
082 X + 082 =
4
X - = 60,
.495. 2 .2 3
31 X - 81 V = .
4

.496. + = '
8 2 X + 812 = 1.

+ = - ^,
.497.
. 2 , 2 3
51 X + 51 = .
4
71
-= 3 ,
.498.
082 X 082 = - ^ .

- = -
.499. 3
2 2 = ,5.

433

. 1
.500. + =! >
+ = 1.


.501. + = 6
5 ( 2 + 2) = 2 ( 1 + 2 ( - )).

.502.

~ = 6
X 81 = .
4
. :

\ ( ( - ) + ( + )) = ^ ,

\ | + ( + )| = ( + ) = 1,

+ = ^ + 2 , 2.

:

+ = + 2, & 2,

[ X - - -

,
:

= ^ + , 2 ,

[ = + '
( \
: + , - , 2 .

434


:

5
- = + = -
3
.503. .507.

05 X 08 = ^ X = .
4



+ = ~ = '
.504. .508.

51 = 0,25. 81 X 81 =
4 *

5
+ = -, + =

.505. .509.
3
81 X 81 V = 81 X = ~ .
4 4

.506.
- =
51 X =

8| ( , + - ^ ) 8. ( + | ) = | ,
.510.
~ = -
- = 150,
.511. 1
81 X 05 = .
4

- = 10,
.512.
1 8 ( + 10') 8 ( + 20) = 0,5.

.513.
2
+ = 3 .
81 X ~ 2 81 = 0.

435

.
2
=
-X
- 2 = 0.
2
-
3
: - 2

2 2 .
2 - + 2 = 0, = 0,

= ^ + , 6 2 .

,
: = ~ - >

(
\
+ , - , & 2 .


:
.514. ~ =
= 2 .

.515. + ~ >
- 2 = 0.
3
+ = 2 :,
.516.
2 + = 0.
2:
+ =
.517. 3
2 X + 4 = 3.

,
+ = ^ ,2
.518.
2 * 4 = 1.

436

^ 5
+ = 2 ,
.519.
2 + 3 1 = 2.

. 5
+ = -,
.520.
2 81 X 08 = 1 ,5 .

- = ,
.521.
3 082 X - 1 2 08 + 4 = 0.


.522. ~=2>
08 2 + 5 08 - 3 = 0.

.523.

, + = 4 ,
\% + \% = 1.
. :
81 ( + ) =
08X 08

,
+ = , : = ,
4 2

1 2~
2 ( ( + ) + ( - )) = , + ( - ) = ,

= ^7 + 2, 2 ,
4

= + 2:/:,
4

- = + 2, & 2.
4

437

, 71 71 +. ,
= 7

* + =4 - 4
= - &,
,
- = + 2,
4 X = ,

- = - + 2,
= ^ - , 2.

: ^ + & , - & | , |&, ~ |, (

.524.

X- = 6

*8* + *8 =

. :
5 (X + ) ___ 2_
" >/3
2 ( + ) ___ 2_
( + ) + ( - ) ~ *

, -- = ^ ,

( + ) 1
--------- -------- V = V , '/ ( + ) = ( + ) + - 2~ ,
( + ) +

/3~ 1
81 ( + ) - 2 ( + ) = ,


( + ) ( + ) =

|( + ) ~ = X

. \^ .
+ = (-1 )* ^ + , 6 2 .

438


~ = 6
. "
+ = ( - 1 ) ' + + , 2,

1 , , * . "
= ^ ( - 1 ) + ^ + ^ - ,
1 . ,. . " , _
= ^ ( ! ) + , 2.
2
.
: ( - 1 )* -1 + + : ,
1 2 4 2

(-1 )* | + 2.

| ^
+

+
?

X
II

II
.525. .530.
1% + 1 = 2. 1% - %
2 7
.526. + = .531.
18 + % = 2 . + 18 -

2
~ = '
.527. .532.
2
18 - 18 = - 2 / . 18 + !8 =
'
18 + =
.528. ~ = 3 .533. 1 1
- -
!8 18 = - .
+ = 135,
.529.
- 18 = 2.
* * *

.534.

~ =
11%= 1.

439

.

=~
1*1 = 1.
:

-^
*
- 1, \%'-
1+ \% ^
= 1,

4 ~ 7 2 ~
16 = 1, = 1.
16 X +
1 + * 7

&2 - 2 - / = ,
+ * ,
,
1, :
'16 = ,
1
18* = ~ '

18 X & - .


= ~ 4- &,

=
= + ,


= ~ + , & 2 ,
: .
= - + ,
= + , 6 2 ,

= 4- , 6 2 .
3

: + & ,^ , 2 , ^ + , ^ + | , & 2 .

440


:

+ =4> ~ = 3'
.535. .539.
1*18 =

_
- = ,
2 + =4 >
.536. .540.
*8 - - * * = 6.


X+ =
.537. 2 .541. + = 6 >
\%\% = 1. \% \% = - 1.

+ = 60, *-= 3,
.538. .542.
\%\% =

.543.

- = - ^ ,
_
"
.

= ~6'
_ 1
"-

-

:

1.
"
"
= ,

441

_\ _
^3" ( + 8 31 08
) ~
= ,
1'/3~08
3 , '" . 1 , .
08 + 81 - 08 08 + 81
2 2 ------ = 0, ----------------------------- = ,
08

08 ^ 08 + 81 ^ 31
/3~08
= ,
08

^3~08

08
)-*
08 * ,

= ~ - + , & 2 ,


* + , 2 .

_ 5: _
+ +
1
5
, = + , 4 2 ,

.
2
: = + , 2 .

: |^: + ;&, ^: + ^ , 2 .


, -
+ + (1
: ^ ^ = _ ^
* * (I . .
.544.
:
+=,
51 _
8
. * ,
. :
442

. + -
51 + 3+1 23
= 2,
31 X - 81 3 - 1 - X+
2 81 - 08

, X+ , X -
18 18 =2.


, + = ,

1 ^ = 2 ^ ,

= 2 ! 2 / + 2, 2.


X+ =
3
- = 2 ! 2 + 2, 2 .
,

= + 2 + ,

= 2 ^3~&, & 2 .

: + ! 2 + &, - 2 - ] , 2.

.545.

1 _ -

.
1 & = 2,
( .534).
.
:
_ 2 + _ 2 + 1
- 2 - 1

443

05 ( - ) _
08 (X + )
2
, - = ,

27
08
----- , ^ : = 3, 08 (X + >) = - 7 ,
08 ( + ) 4 " 6

+ = |: 8 + 2:, 6 2 ,

+ = 08 + 2&,

+ = - + 8 7 + 2;/:, 2.

2
- =
3
1
+ = - + 2:/:,

+ = - + + 2;/:, 2 ,

5 1 1 7
= - + ,
2
: 1 1 .
= - + ,
2

= - 7 + 7 -7 + ,
2
_ + 1 . 7 + ;&, .
2

: 17 4 7 + , 7 - 7
1 2 2 +)
1 . , 5 1
( - * + ! 7 + , + | + ), .
^ 6 2 2

444


:

* + = ,
546. X .550. ~ = 6'
= - 1. * = *
51

2
X+ = * + = :| ,
.547 .551.
51 X 1
= 2
3
5
X + = -^,
548 + = 2 .552.
51 X

= : ** - - .


* - = >
549 .553.
81 X *. = _ 1
= 2,
1 6

.554.
' 1* 1 + 11 = 1,
' 81 X + 8 = 81 ( + ).
. :
_ . X+ _ . + +
2 - - - - = 2 8111 ^ ~~

_ . + ( -
2 51 - I ------

. . X+ . / \ .
4 8 2 2 ] 8 2 =

1*1 + 11 = 1,
. X . . X+
81 81 ^ 81 = 0.

445


[1x1 + \\ = 1,
' | = 0, 1x1 + \\ = 1,
1 = 2, & 2 ,
|| + \\ = 1,
| | + \\ 1,

8111 2 = 1 = 2, 2 ,

|| + = 1,
|| + || = 1,
1 + = 2, 2 .
. X+
51 ~ = ,


= ( | | >1) ,
(; 1) (; -1 ).
: (1; ) (-1; ).

,
\2\ > 6 | | + | | & | + | = |2| > 6.

/ 1 | + \\ = 1, = - ,
| 4- = , |2 | |= 1 ,

: (0; 1), (0; -1 ) , (1; 0), (-1; ),

| | + | | = ^ ,
.555.
81 (X + ) = 08 X- 08 .

1x1 + | | = 3 ,
.556. . 2
81 = 1.

446


[1*1 + 11 = 1,
51 2 = >

1*1 + \\ = 1,
I 1*1 + = 1,
= 2, & 2 ,

1*1 + \\ = 1,
= 2, 6 2 ,

1*1 + | I = 1,
I 1*1 + || = 1,
* + = 2, 2 .


= ( | | >1 ) ,
(; 1) (; -1 ) .
: (1; ) (-1; ).

= ,
\7\ > | | + || 5 | + | = \1\ > 6.

1*1 + \\ = 1,
* + = , {

: (0; 1), (; - 1) , (1; ), (-1; ),

.555. 1x1 + " 4 *


51 (* + ) = X .

1*1 + \\ = 3 ,
.556. .
= 1 .

446

'|| + \\ = 1,4,
.557.
2 = 1.
3111 ( ( ) + ( (X - )) = ~ 2,
.558. 2 , 2 25
+ 72-
81 ( (X + )) + ( (X + )) + = ,
.559.
2
+ 2 = 1 6 -

18 ( ( - )) = 1,
.560.
2 + 2 = 16.

2. ,

.561.
= 0,25,
= 0,75.
. , :
+ = 1,
' = 0,5,
[ ( + ) = 1,
' 51 ( - ) = - 0,5,

+ = ~ + 2, 2, ^

- = ( - 1 ) '!+1 ^ + , ,

_ ,
X + "2* 4* 2&,

- = - + 2,


+ = 2 + 2,
5
= - + 2, ,

447


= + ( + )>

= ^ + ( - ) ,

= - + ( + ),
2
= + ( ), 2 , 2.

71 71 \

( + { + ), + ( - ) ,

^ + ( + ), ^ + { )^ , 2 ,

, (1) (2)

,
.
. ,
(2),
.
,
+ = + 2,
~ ,
- = - + 2



+ = - + 2
5
= + 2:, 2,


= - + 2,


3 *


= - + 2

2
= 462.

448

,
-
_ (1 4:\
. , , ,
,
.
.562.
1 +
05 X =
! = 3 + 2 V'.
.
1 +
1 + X
X =

1+
X V _ , _ -
----- :- = 3 + 2 ,
81 X 51 = 3 + 2,
81 X 81

1 +

4
1 + V
51 X 81 -
4 (3 + 2 )
, 3 + 2 2= (1 + 2- )2.

1 + 1 +
= X =
4
- 1
X 81 = 4 (^ + 1 )( 81 X 81 =


( - ) =
2
( + ) = ^ ,

- = ~ + 2:/:, 2 ,


+ = + 27, 6 2.

15 449



- = + 2

+ = + 2,


- = + 2 ,

+ = - ^ + 2 ,


= + 2,

+ = - + 2,


= - + 2,

+ = + 2, , & 2 ,

= - ^ + ( + ),

= ^4 + (" * )

= - ^ + ( + ),

= - + ( - ),


= 24 + ( + *)
. ..
= 24 + (" *)

7
= - 24 + ( + ),

= + ( ), 6 2 , 6 2 .

450

1 \
( + ( + ), + ( - ) ,

( ^ + ( + ), - + ( - ,

^ + ( + ), ^ + ( - ) |,

( 1 \
I + ( + ), + ( ) 1, 6 2, 2.

:
. . 3~
81 X 81 V = ,
4
.563.
<
08 X 08 V = .
4
= - 0,5,
.564.
= 0,5.
3
81 X 81 = - ,
4
.565.
X = -7 .
4
( - ) = 2 ( + ),
.566. 3
X = .

( - ) = 3 X - 1,
.567.
( + ) = - 2 .
' . . = 1
.568.
1&1 =

\3~
= ,
.569.
\% \% = 1.
1,
= -
.570.
1:^: = - 1.

451

.571.
81 X 81 = 0,5,
. 08
08 X +
-.

.
. - +
2 81 - 08 = 0,5,
2
X+ - [
2 08 ^ 08
2 2 2 *

.
* 2- = -- = + 2, 2 .

= + + 2, 2 ,
- = + 2&, 4 6 2 ,

81 - 8 = 0,5; 8 | + + 2: | - 8 = 0,5.

:
\ . . / \
81 + - - 81 = 0,5, 2 8111 08 + = 0 ,5 ,

( + ^ = 0,5, = ^ ^ + 2, ,


= + 2,

_
= - + 2, 2.

:

= + 2 (/: + ),

= + 2/,


= + 2 (& + ),

= - + 2, 2 , 4 6 2 .

452

6 2 +
, +
, / 2 , :

+ 2 ,

+ 2;

71 , _
X = + 2 ,

71
= + 2, 2 , / 2 .

( \
: - + 2 , + 2|, - + 2 , + 2

0 2 , 2.


:
81 + 81 = 1,
.572.
08 X - 08 =

81 + 8 = 1,5,
.573. ^ ^3"
08 + 08 = .

81 8 = 0,5,
.574.
08 08 = ---- .


81 X - 8 2 =
2
.575,
08 X + 08 2 =
2 '
1 +
81 X + 81 = -
2
.576.
1 +
08 X + 08 =
2 "

453

.577.
[\% + \ % - 2 ,
1 2 08 X 08 = 1.
.
8 ( + ) =
08 X 08 '
08 X 08 = 0,5,

8 ( + ) = 1, + = ^ + 2, & 2 ,
08 X 08 0,5,
08 X 08 = 0,5,

= + 2 - , 71
= 2 + '2 ~ >
( + 2 ] = 0,5, 08 X 81 X = 0,5,

X = + ,
= ^ + 2 -, 4
8 2 = 1, = ^ + (2 ), ^ . 2 , *=2.

(71 71 \
? + , + (2 ) , & 2 , 6 2.

.578.

81- ^ = 81-
1
08 X ---------- = 08 V.
X
.
812- 1
= ,
31X1 X
2 - 1
= ,
X

- 2 X = 81 ,
- 2 = , (1)
^ 0,
9 0.

454

. :
- (2 X + 512 X ) = X + 51X 81,
( - ) = - 1 , - = + 2, 2 , = ; + 2 + .

( I), : - 2 = - 2 , 2 - 2 = ,
5 / ,

|
2 = , = + , 2 , = + 2& +

^
1 0,
\
: I + 12 + 2 , 2.
' 4 +


:
\% -& = 1,
.579.
08 X .

= 0,25,
.580.
3 1% - % = 0.
2
,

.581
2
- .
81 X
2 = ,
.582.
2 = .
2 - 2 = 1,
.583.
2 + 2 = 0.

.584.
+ - ...
^ ^ = 0,25,
= 0,5.

455

.
1, ^ 1
( X + ) = + = ,
1 1
= - ; X = .


~ = ^ = 1, ^ .

= 1, = 2,
1 2
= = + 2,
2 *

2
= - ^ * X = -- + 2 :/:,
= 1, = 2 /, 2 , & 2,

= 2/:,
2
= + 2,

= 2/:,
2
= - + 2 ,

2
= + 7,
= 2,

2 ,
= + 2/:,

= 2, 2 , & 2.

: |2, ^ + 2& |, ^2, + 2 |,

+ 2, 2 |, - + 2, 2\ , 2 , & 2 .

456

585.
08 * + = 0,5,
2 + 2 = 1,75.
. :
1 - 2* + 1 - 2 = 1,75, 2* + 2 = 0,25.
= 0,5 - .
2* + (0,5 - )2 = 0,25, 2 2* - * = 0,
* = 0, * = 0,
1 = 0,5,
* = - ,
* = 0,5,
= 0,5 - *, = 0,


= - + ,

= 3 - + 27,


* = + 2

= + & & 2.

: + , ^ + 2) , ( + , - + 2 | ,

+ 2, ^ + | , + 2 , ^ + | , 2 , 2.
~ 3

:

= 0,25,
.586. + -
2 08 2 = 5

81 X + = 1,
.587.
5 X = 0,25.

457

. X + 1_
51 - -
4
.588.
81 X 81 = - .

1
( + ) 31X1 ( - ) =
4
.589.
2 2 = \ .
X + = ,
.590.
812 X + 2 = 0,5.
05+ = 1,
.591. . / -2
+ ^ = -
2 2 2
+ = 1,
.592.
2 + 2 = 2.
(2 + 2) + 2 ( + ) = ,
.593.
2 ( - ) = 812 ( - ) + 1.

2 + 2 = ^ ,
.594.
2 + 2 = 1.

2

.595.
81
0,5.

.596.

= 2,
9
& + \& = - - .

8 + = 2,

458

1%= , 18 2 = ^

+ 1 = 2, 2 + 1 = 2,
1 - 2 1 - I 2 ___ 9
1 12 + 2 212 =
2 + 21 ~ 5

2 + 1=2, 2 + 1=2, 2 + 1=
2 + 1- 21(2 + 1) = ^ 21, 2 2 21 = ^ 21, 21 =

2 1
2 - 2 - ^ = .

1
= 2 1 + 2&,

= 2 !8 ^ + 2,

= 2 !8 ^ + 2,
1
= 2 1 + 2/, 2 , 2 .

? 2 !8 ^ + 2, 2 ! ^ + 2

1 ^ + 2, 2 !8 ^ + 2&|

*2, 62.

459


:

.597. * ! + 1*2
+ % = 2 "

\% + *8 = 2,
.598.
1$ + 2 *2 = 3.

( + ) = 2 ( ),
.599. 3
08 X 08 V = - .
4

1
81 X + = 2,
05
.600.
81 X 1
X 2

+ = 1,
601 , 2- - 2
08 2 + 08 2 ------- 2

81X 08 (X + ) + 81 (* + ) = 3 08 ( + ),
.602.
4 81X = 5 1 ( + ).

082 + 3 81 X 81 = ,
.603.
21 08 2 - 2 = 10.

3 312 X - X = 0,
.604.
11 2 + 2 = 6.
*

.605.
'/2 81 X = 51 ,
{
/ X = .

.
. - :
2 2 + 2 2 X = 2 + 5 2 , 812 + 5 2 = 2,

460

1
_ 8 = 2
1 + 4 2 = 2, * = ~ ,
08 = - -

) = ,
>/( ^ \/0
008 X =
- XX =
. 08
, = 2 , 81X
4 4

/ /
51X = 81 =
4 2
'
81X = - 81 = -
4

, 81 = ^ - = ,
-
51 = 51 = -
/~
, = = , =
/

= .
< " ( ,
= - 7 - , 81 = , = I- 7 ,

.
= ^ , = , = ^ + 2, 6 2 .
" . ~
X = , 81 X = -----,
4 4

= I- 2, & 2 .

1
= , 51 = , = - + 2, 2 .

) = - ^ ,
*
"
------- .

461

/
81 X = , * = ,
4
/" /
81 X = ---- , 81 =
2
,
*
: 8 =
/" 8 /3", 8
. = . =
--
4 2 4

81 - .
/"
08 X = ------ , 51 X = ,

4 4

= -
/"
+ , 2 .
4
1 / " 2
08 = , 81X1 = , = + 2 , 2 ,


/"
08 X = ----- , 81X = ----- ,

4 4
/"
= - + - I- 2, & 2 .
4
_
05 =
1
81 = , = - + 2, 0 2 .
2

: ^ + 2, ^ + 2 |,

/ ^" , . \
I I- 2, + 2 I,
4
/"
( - + 2 , ~ + 2 |,

( /" , 2 \
I - + + 2 , + 2 I,

6 2, 0 2.

:
/2" = ,
.606.
/2" = / .
2 + = ,
.607.
2 - /3" = 0.

462

312 X = ,
.608.
084 X = .

.609.

1
51 X = 2 31 ,
.610,
1
= .

5 = ,
.611 3 + = 2.

+ 4 = 5,
.612
13 + 2 = 0.

2~ = 1 + ,
.613.
' = .
2~81 X + = 1 ,
.614.
' 2 - 3 = /.

- = ,
51 X
.615.
------- = .
X

5 81 + ^ = 2,
.616.
- 2 = ,
^ ^ , 0 < ^ .

.617.
2 81 ( + ) - 3 ( - ) = 0,
|3 (4 - 2) 2 (2 2) = 0.
.
/ 31 ( + ) = 3 51 ( ),
{
3 (4 - 2) = \ (2 - 2).

463


.
3 \^2~ ( + ) ( 4 - 2) = 3 ^81 ( - ) 08 ( 2 - 2),

81 (5 - ) - 8 (* - ) = 0, 2 81 2 08 ( - ) = 0,

= + , 2 .

:

1. = ,
,
3 08 (2 - 2) - / 08 { - 2) = 0.
) = 2 , 2 ,
3 8 2 - \^ 2 = 0,
1 .
2 = 0, = 7 + > 1^2'

= , 2,
|7/ , __
= + , / 2 , :

/$ = 0.

I + +

2 / 2 ,

.. = = +
.

464

) = 2 + 1 , 2 ,
3 2 + / 8 2 = ,

2 = 0 = ^ I 2.
,

2. = + , 2; = + + .
:
3 (4 - - 2 - 6) - (2 - 2 - 6) = ,
2 + 4 = , (*)


2 2 2 3 2 = 0, 2 = -

1 1 \/2~\
= ~ 2 08 - 4 + > -


= + + , 2 ,
:

5 ^4 + + | - 3 ^ + + 2| = ,

( + 4) - 3 ( + 2) = ,
4 - 3 2 = 0.
(*).
1 ,
= +

1 , _
= + + , 2 .
2 2 4
11
/ 1 \* ,
2 + * - 2
2 8 ^
1
+ , - + + |,
^ 2 2
2.
465


:
8 (4 2) + 1 ( ) = ,
.618.
8 (2 - ) + 81 ( - 2 ) = .

4 8 ( + 2) + 81 = ,
.619.
4 8111 (2 + ) + 81 = 0.

08 08 ( + 2 ),
.620.
8111X = 81 (2 + 3).

.621.
( - ) - 2 = - 1,5,
' 3 08 ( ) + = 2,5:
. - 3
. : 7 = 7, = 1.

, ( - 1) - 2 = - 1,5, ( - 1) = 0,5,

= 1 | + 2., 2 .

: (1 + ^ + 2 , 11 , (1 | + 2:, 11. <2 .

.622.
(2 + 812 ) = ,
- 2 = - 2.
.
2 + 82 = , & 2 ,
X = 3 812 - 2.

12 [0; 1], 2 2
[-2; 1 ], .. [ - 2; 1 ].
82 = 2, 2,

466

,
3 2
= .

, [ 2; 1 ]:

2 -? +*
= , = - 1 . = 0 = - , 2 = -----------,
/
4 1 - 08 2 4
2 =
7 2 7
2 = - , = |: - | + , 2 .

= - 1 :
+ 2 4 2 1
= , 81 = , 2 =
7
2 - 1
= + , 2 .

: , | - | + | ,

, - - | + |

( + 2 1 2 1 \
I----- ^, 8 7 + I.
/ ' + 1 2^-1 , \
I-------^ , ^------1- I, 2 .

.623.
*6 + 2 = 5,
2 5111 X X = 0.

. = + &, & 2 ,
,
2 \% = 0, 16 * = .
2 + - 10 = 0,
= 2,
5
= -

467


= 2 = 1, = + , 2

= - 4 = - 4 , = !4 + , 2 ,
2 4 4

: ^ + , *2 ^ + , 2 1


:
X + 81 ( + ) = 1,5,
.624. ,
- ( + ) = 2,5.
4 - 2 ( - ) = 3,
.625. .
6 08 ( - ) + 2 = 5.

5 - 1 ( + ) = 9,
.626. -
5 \% ( + ) + = 7.
2 - ! ( - ) = 3,
.627. .
+ 2 ( - ) = 8.

~8 + 4 = - 0,5,
.628.
4 *08 + 28 = 1.

08 (2 + 812) = 1,
.629.
3 2 - = 10.

18 (5 082 - ) = - 1,
.630.
- 10 032 = ^7 - 1.

! (2 - 2) = - 1,
.631. 2 1
2 - 5 = - - - .

16 + 2 = 3,
.632. .
216 - = 1.

2 - 3 + = 6,
.633. .
5 X - 51 X + = 4.
* * *

468

3

634
' : : 2 = 2 : 3 : 4,
' X + + 2 =

. = 2*, = 3*, = 4^
+ + 2 = ,
= ( - (2 + )) = ( + ),
= ( + ), 2 = ( + )

X + + 2 = ,
2 + = ,
2 + 2 = ,
81 X + X 81 = 31 2 ,

X + + 2 = ,
^ 2 + 4* = 2
* 2* 2 + 4* = 3*,
2* + 3* = 4.
* (* * 0),
, , 2 :
X+ + 2 = ,
3 2 + 4 = 2,
2 2 + 4 = 3,
2 + 3 = 4.

, :
7
= - ,

1
2 = - ,
4
X + + 2 = ,


469

= + 2,

11 ^
= - + 2,
10
7 11
- ^ - 2 ( + ),

= ^ + 2 ,
11 .
= - - + 2,
10
7 11
2 ^ + - 2 ( + ),

= - +

= - + 2,
10
7 11
= + ^ - - 2 ( + ),

= - + 2 ,

11 . .
= - + 2 ,
10
7 11
= : + - + - 2 ( + ), 2 ,
10

7 11
; ^ + 2, + 2,
5 |(
7 11 \
- - 2 ( + ) I,
/ 7 11
I + 2, + 2,

- 1 + - 2 ( + ) | ,

( 7

7 11
11
- + 2, + 2,
1
\
+ - - 2 ( + ) I,

470

+ 2, - + 2,

1 11 \
+ - + - 2 ( + ) ,

.635.
\%\%\% = 6,
% + % = 5,
+ + = .
. , + + =

% + % + % = % % %. (*)

% + % + %2 = 6,
% + % = 5,
+ + = .
,
= 1. (*),
$ % = 6,
% + % = 5,
X + + 2 = .
%
1 - 51 + 6 = 0,
'\ = 2,
= ,
IX + + 2 - ,

& = 3,
= 2,
X + + 2 .
\ = *2 2 + ,
= ! 3 + ,
= & 2 - 1 2 3 - ( + ),

\ = ! 3 + ,
= ! 2 + ,
= % 2 % 3 - ( + ), , 2.

471

:
(*8 2 + , , 3 + , - % 2 - !8 3 - ( + )),
(*8 3 + , 2 + , - * 2 - !2 3 ( + )),
42, 62.

:
: : 2 = 4 : 3 : 5,
.636. - X + + 2 = .
= ' ,
= 0,5 2 ,
.637. - + + 2 = ,
^ 0, & 0, 2 ^ 0 .
" = 2 ,
.638. = 2 ,
+ + 2 = :.
: : 2 = 3 : 4 : 5,
.639.
++2=~.

& + + 18 ^ = 6,
.640. %% = 2,
X + + 2 = .

% % 2 - 2 ,
.641. %% 2 = 18,
X + + 1 .

+ + = ,
.642. % + % + % = 3,
% + % 2 = 2.

* _ 2
'
.643. _ ,
* 3
+ + = .
%% 2 = 3,
.644. 18 % = 6,
X + + 2 = .

472

.645.
082 + 2 + 082 2 = 1,
08 X + 08 + 08 2 = 1,
+ + .
. :
1 + 08 2 1 + 08 2
+ 2 2 = 1,
2 + 2
08 2 + 08 2 + 2 082 ( - ( + )) = ,
2 ( + ) ( ( ) + ( + ) = ,
4 ( + ) = 0, 4 ( - ) = ,
- 4 = 0.
.
= .

2 + 2 = 1, = 1 - ,
1 + = 1, ' 2 + (1 - )2 = 1,
= ,
2 = 1,
= 1 - ,
2 ( - 1) = 0,
= 1,
2 = 0.
= 0 = 0,

:
= ,
= ,
2 = 1,
X + + 2 = ,
= ,
= 1,

2 = 0,
X + + 2 = ,
05 = 1,
= ,
2 = 0,
X + + 2= ,

473

= 2 +,

1 = - + ,
2 = 2 ,
X + + 2 = ,


= - + 9
= 2,

2 = + ,
X++ 2 = 9

[ = 2
= -71 +. ,

2 = + ,
+ + 2 = , & 2 , /2,



+ + + + 2 = ,
2^
= ( 2 + ).
= - (2 + ) , (2& + ) .

(
\
: - ( 2 + ), + , 2 ,

\
(2 + ), 2, + I,

^, - (2 + ), ^ + | ,

6 2 , .
.646.
2 = %,
2 = 3 %,
2 = 318 .
474

. -
3 . 3
: = 1 , 2 = ------- -,
' 2
2
31 = - X = %.

2 + 2 = ^&2 + 2 %2 = ^ % 2 ^1 + - | 2 | =

9 1
^1 + ^ 2 | .
4 2

= ^ %.

9 ( 1 - | * 2*) / ,
2 + 2 = * - --------- [1 + ^ 2 | ,
4 - ^ 2 \ 9 )

( 4 - 9 ^)(9 + 4 2*) _
362

36 + 16 2 - 81 2 - 3 6 2 = 3 6 &2,

52 2 - 117 2 , 4 2 = ----- 5 ,

4 4 + 9 2 - 9 = 0,

1
2 = 7 , 2 = 7 , = 7 + 1, I 2 .
4-- ------------- 2 6
.

1. / = 2, 4 2 , = + 2 & .


= + 2: -

/ 5
= , = + 2, 6 2 .
2

X = ~ + 2 2 = 2 = 7 + 2 .
2

475



= = + 71' -
,
, % .
5 , _ , _
2 = + 2 = - + 2 :

1
= 2 + 1, = + 2, 6 2 ,

2 = + 2 2 = + 2


= 2, = + 2 , 2 .

:

- 4 + 2, 4 + 2 ,

4 + 2 I ,
5
+ 2, + 2;, + 2
)
, 1
+ 2, + 2, + 2 | ,

7 \
+ 2, + 2, - + 2 , 2, 2 , 2 .

71
2. / = 2& + 1, 4 2 , = + + 2

7; , _ 7
= + 2,

5
= + 2, 2 .

5
= + 2

^3" 5
: 2 = , 2 = + 2/, / 2;
2
^"
: ^ = - - = - ^ + , 2 .

476

\% ,
5 5 5
= + 2 = + 2 , 2 , 2 = + 2


= - + 2,


5 5 5
+ 2 , + 2, + 2

+ 2, - + 2, - + 2 , ^ 2 , 1 2 , & 2,
I6 6 6
1
= + 2&, 2
[1
: | + 2, - + 2/, + 2

(1 5 ,
+ 2, + 2 , - + 2 | , 2, / 2 , 2.

:: ^ + 2, -^ + 2, ^ + 2^ ,

/ , 5 \
I - + 2, + 2, - + 2 1 ,

(
\
+ 2, + 2, + 2 I,

^ + 2, + 2, - ^ + 2 | ,

/5 ( _ 5 \
I + 2, + 2, + 2 I,

(5 5 \
I + 2, + 2, + 2 I,
7
+ 2, - ^ + 2, ^ + 2
6 )
7 * 5
+ 2, + 2, - + 2
)
2 , 1 2 , 2 .

477


:

2 + 2 + 2
.647. + + 2 =
+ + = .

2 + 512 + 2 1,
.648. 032 + 032 - 0822 = 1,
^ - ^ + %2 = 1.

= ,
.649. ' - 2,
2 = !8 .

8 ( ) + 4 ( + ) - 3,
.650. 8 ( - ) + 4 ( + ) = 3,
2 (2 ) + 10 ( + ) = 3.

+ 2 = ,
.651. + = ,
2 + 2 = 2.


%% + 3,


.652. - 5,
2

% %2
X 2
- 3.

478

3.
1.
,

.653. >

.
.

,
-
(. 92).

/ ( * ) = ,

+ 2 < < - + 2

0 2.
:
, 5
( + 2; + 2 \ ,

6 2.'
.654.
! 2 ^
. 2
2
I, 51 I ^ . -


,

I

479

2
(. 93).
/(? ) = ,

2.

.655. (3* + 1) ^ -

1^1
. + 1 ^
,
-

(. 94).

^ 1 + 2, . 94

.656.

480

.
/ ( ) = 08,
^4 > - . -

4 -

8 I > .

, -
4
(. 95).

4 4
- + 7 < X < + 2, 2 ,

4 : 4
- + 2 < 4 - < + 2,

4 4
+ 2 < 4 < + + 2 ,
3 7 3 7
1 4 , * . 1 4 . ^ _
- - + < < + - + , .2 .

( 1 , 4 , \
: + ; + + ,
[12 4 7 2 12 4 7 2
& 2.
.657. > 1 .
. | | ^ 1,
.
: 0 .

.658. < ~ . .660. > .


2 2

.659. > - 4 . .661. 2 < -


2 2
<> |) 481

" "
.662. 8 ^ . .674. *=

.663. ^ - 1.
.675. 2 > .
*

.664. ( 1) < 0,4.


.616. X >


.665. (1 2) < . .611. 0 8 2 < - .

.666. 81 ^ + ^| ^ .678. (2 - 2) > ^ .


.679. 2 4 + 0.
.667. 81 ^ + - | < ~2 '

.668. | - || < 0,2. .680. >

.669. 3 + 1 > 0. .681. 5 1.

.670. 81X 08 > 0.


.682. | =5

1
.671. 08 +088 5 . .683.

.612. - 5 0. .684. (3 2) >


X
"
.673. |08 ^ 81X1 < 81X. .685. 22 - 2 ^ .

.686. \% ^ 1.
. = \% (
^ |
= 1 (. 96).

482


1
,
1
1 1.

. 1
1


.
1 0 !,* *

= 1
1


1
1 \
- + ^ < +
4 2
. 96
.

: + ; + 71 | , ^ 2 .

.687. ! > - .


.
= \%

(0; )
= - \ (. 97).


,

.
11
= \%

< < - 1 + 2.

: | ; - 1 ^ + | , * 2 .

483


:
.688. & > - 1. .696. !8 ^ :
.689. 18 | < - 1. .697. !8 2 < 1.
.690. & 2. .698. !8 < 0.
.691. %2>0. .699. !8 ^ 1.

.692. 1 ^ < 0 . .700. !8 { + < - 2.

.693. 18 ^ 1. .701. !8 (2 - ) < - 4.

.694. 18 (2 - 3*) >


'702* * 4 ( ^ ) > 1
.695. 18 [ - | ] < - :

^
.703. - ^ < .

.

,
1

(. 98).
,

5
+ 2 < ^ + 2
3
5
+ 2 ^ < + 2 ,
3

: - ^ + 2; + 2:| + 2; + 2|,

484

V
.704. | | > .
.


8 X >
2

81 X <
2


,

-

(. 99).
,
3
- + 2 < < + 2,
4 4

+ 2 < < + 2, & 2.
4 4

, :

: 6 2.

.705. 8<^. .709. - 2 < * < 3 .

.706. - ^ . - 4 < ( < 1 , 5 .

707. <^. .711. 1 = \% 2.


3 2

.708. - ^ < 0 8 < ^ . .712. | | .

485

1 _
.713. 1 | < .721. | | & ,

<2
.714. 1 | < . .722. | < :

.715. | 2 | & .723. *1 .


.716. | 4 | > . .724. | > 2 .

.717. | X | > .725. I | <


* !1'*

.726.
V/

.718. | 1 .| & 1.
8

.719. | 81X1X | > .727. | | > 5 .

"
.720. | 8 2 | < .

2 +
.728. 2 2 >
_ 1 + 4 ^ 2 + . ^
.------ - ------ > ^ , 4 > ,

~+ 2 < 4 < ^ + 2, 2.

_ / , \ , _
: \ - 2 4 + ; + ) > 2 .
.729.

08 + 8 | - | > 0.

, + | - ^ 11 > 0 ,

( \ . ( 3 \
+ I | > 0 , 2 1 ^-1 > 0 ,

486

(*_ ) >0 ~ ^ + 2 < ~ < I + ^ 2'


, 7 ,
+ 2 < < + 2.

: | ^ + 2; + 2 \ , & 2 .


:
.730. 2 2 > 1,5.

.731. 2 < 4 .

.732. 2 =2 0.

.733. 2 > \ .

.734. 81
( - 5) 4'
.735. > 8 .
/: '
.736. + | I ^ '.

.737. + < V2~.


81 X + 08 X
.738. > '.
81 X X

.739. + I + | > 0.

0,25
.740. > 0.
- ( + )
00 |!

.741. 4 + 4

, ( 2 + 2 )2 - 2 2 2 ^ ,
1 2^ ^ 3 1 4x 3 . 1
-8 1 2 2 5 - , -------- ------ 5 ^ , 03 4 5

487

2 4
+ 2 ^ 4 ^ -- + 2, ^ 2 ,

_ , _ ^
+ 5* 5 +- *-
~ , _
:
+ ; +] *-
.742.
3 082 X 81 X - 513X < 0,5.
. 3 ( 1 - 2) 3 < 0,5,
3 8111 X 3 813X 83X < 0,5, 3 8111 X - 4 513X < 0,5,
1
51 < 0,5, + 2 < < + 2&, 2 ,

1 2 ^ 2
8 + < < 8+ ^ -
_ (1 2 2\ , _ _
: + ; + | , <=2.

.743. 814 + 084 < ~ .


4

.744. 814| + 084| >


X

.745. 814 X + 084 X > 81 2 ~ .

.746. 816 + 086 ^.


.747. 817 X 083X - 087X 813 2.

.748. 83 81 + 8 <
8 '
1
.749. 3 + 3 <
8*

488

.750.

4 I + ^ | >

. 2 | | + X + ^| + | - ^ | > ,

2 ^2 + ^ | + > , ^2 + >0,

%: + 2 < 2 + ^ < %: + 2 , 4 2,

2
+ 2 < 2 < + 2&,- + : < < +
3 3 3
( \
: I - + ; + , 2.

.751. 3 + 2 > 3 2.

.752. - ) < 1 .

.753. | + | - ^

.754. 2 | + 1 < ^

.755.
7 ( 5 1) 0.
. 5 - 1 ^ 0,

5 1 = 0 ,
7 $ 0.

489


81 5 = 1
, 2

:
[ 2 '

2,
7 14 +
2.
2
7 ;] {5^ }


:
.756. (1 + 08 4) 2 5 2 * .
.757. (1 + 2)(1% '/) > 0.
.758. 2 \% > 81 1.
.759. 2 814 ^ 812.

2.

.760. 5 + 2 < 3.
. - 5 + 1 - 2 2 < 3,
2 2 + 5 + 2 > 0.
= * (| I | 1).

\ I | ^ 1, * + 2 > 0 .

490


:
.761. 2 2 + 3 - 2 < 0.
.762. 2 2 7 + 3 > .
.763. 2 812X + 81X1 - 3 ^ 0 .
.764. /312 - 41 + ">0,
765. 182 + (2 ) 18 2 < 0.
.766. !2 + 1 5 .
.767. 2 4 - 2 - 1 > 0.
768. 082- 81< .
.769. 3 22 + 7 2 - 3 ^ 0.
.770. 2 2 + 5 - 4>0.
.771. 2 2 - > 1.
.772. 4 4 + 12 2 - 7 < 0.
.773. 3 2 4- 2 ^ 5.
.774. 2 2 + ^ - 1 .
.775. 2 + 4 2~ ^ 2.
.776. + 2 > 1.
777. 2 + 3 5 -1 .
778. 2 (2~ - 1) - 2 2 + 2 - 2~< 0.
\ _
.779. 2 +
3>
780. 2 ( - 8~1? ) <5.
.781. 2 > 4 + 4.
.782. 4 2 5 2 22 < 0 .

.783.

18 2 + !8 2 <

491

. 2 +
2 = I.
. . 1. 4 /2 * + / ^ .
< + 7 < -7 ^ . ----------- ;---------- < 0;

(< + )(< + ^ ]

. 100
(. 100),

1
< I < 0, ----77" < ^6 2 < ,
7
- , 1 2* < -


+ < 2 < ,

+ < 2 < - + , 2 .

, ; / \ , ^
?
+;- + -!2 + ;1 *2

.784. 2 ^ - < 1.

. 2 ^2 2^ - 11 - ^4 3^ - 3 - 1 < 0,

4 37 - 4 2 ^ - 3 ^ + 3 > 0.

X
I, 4/ 3 41 2 31 + 3 > 0 ,

4 *2 ( * - 1) 3 ( 1 - 1 ) > 0 , ( - 1 ) ( 2 < - )(2 - )> 0 ,

492

. 101

(. 101),

/3~ /
2 << 2
1 > 1.

^ 1, -
I ^
'" /~
. < < ,
, 5 , , _
+ < < + , 2 ,
/
5
+ 2 < < + 2.

: ^ + 2&; + 2& |, 4 6 2 .

.785.
X + 81 X < 3 81 2 1.
, + < 3 ( + )2 - 4.
+ =

- *- 4>0,


) (I + 1) > 0.

31X + X > ,
'> !
1- , + < - 1 ,

4

)
1


<_* '
493

4 4
- 2 ^ 2 + < < "4 + 08 3 72~+
3
+ 2 < < + 27&, 4 ^ 2 ,

(
4 4 \ , ,
2 ^2 ' + '2 ^> + 08 ^ 2 ^ + 2^1 ^
~

( + 2; - + 2 \ , & 2.

.786. \ % ^ 2 *8 .

.787. < 2 - \% .
\% + 1

.788. \% + \% > +

.789. %% > * ~ \ .
6 2 1% + 2
3 1 V3
.790. X 1 > - 08 X.

.791. 3 3 - 6 + 2~ 5 0.

.792. 3 - 3 >

.793. 8 814 - 8 812 + - 1 < 0.

. + 2 2 +
.794. ---------- 5---------------------- > 1.
2 X + - 1

.795. 2 2 + 2 > .

.796. 18 + 2 > 2.

.797. ---- < 11 - 2 .


1 +
.798. 2 2 < 5 (1 + - ).

494

.799. 4 2* + % ------- > 0.


08

082 2
.800. %.
052

* *

3.

.801. 8 2 + 8 > 0 .
. / ( ) = 8 2 + .

. 8 2 8 2
. , / ( ) 2 .
: 8 2 + 8 = 0,

2 81 |8 + = 0 ,

81X = 0, = , / 2 ,
2
08 X = - = + 2, 2,

[; ),
2. ,
( ,
2,
).

2 2% X
"
. 102


. [ - ; )
/ ( )
(. 102). / ( )

495

/ ( )

: + 2\ - + 2&| | 12; + 2&| , 2.


.802. 2 ! < 0.
. / () = 2 ! .

, /, 1 2.
2 ^ ,
/ ( ) . : 2 * = 0,

2,
2 = ,
! = , ,
+ , .

0 71 X
2 4 4 2
. 103

^ ,
. 0
- ^ ^ ^ . / ()
( \ ( \ / \ (
( ^ 4 ] | ; 4)' ( 2
(. 103). / ( )

: | - ^ + ; ^ ) + ; + &|, 2.

.803.
2 + 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 2.
.
/ () = 2 + 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 - 2.

. 2, 2 2, 2 , 2 4 -

496

___
, , .
/ () . :
2 + 2 2 + 2 + 2 4 2 = ,
1 + 2 1 + 4 1 + 6 1 + 8 _
------ 2------ + ------ 2------ + ------ 2------ + ------ 2---------- 2 - '
2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = ,
2 + 2 7 = ,
2 ( + 1) = ,
4 2 5 = 0,

11
-
[ 1 0 10 /

. / ( * ) ,
1 9
,
4 10 2 10 4 10 #
11
10 ""] < ,
/ () . / ()
(. 104).
/ ( ) ,

,1
||?+:; ^ + + .

, , : 1

:
[*

+ ; +

, 11:
^ + ;
10 + ; ^ + \

^ [
+ | + * } , 2.

.804. 81 2 + 2 81X1 > 0.


.805. 81 2 8 > 0.
.806. 2 1 < .

.807. 1 - 81X1 ^81 ^ - 08 .

.808. 81X1X 08 X 08 2 08 8 < 4 08 12.


4
.809. (2 81X1X 08 *)(1 - 08 ) < 8112X.
.810. 1 81X1 2 ^ 08 X 8111 X.
.811. 81X1 X + 81X1 2 + 8111 + 81X14 < 0.
.812. 81X1 X + 81X1 2 + 81 > .
.813. 8112 X + 812 2 811 2 > .
.814. 08 X 08 < 08 5 08 1.
.815. 08 2 08 08 4.
.816. 08 X 08 2 08 ^ .
.817. 81X1 < 08 + 1 .

.818. 08 8111 X 4 2 082 - ] > 1.

498

4.


.
, , . ,

.
.819.
2 - 2 812 - 08
------ ;-------------- = 0.
6 + 5 +
.
2 - 2 812X - 08 = ,
2 + 5 + 2 * 0.

2 082 - 08 = 0,

*~ 2'

= + , 4 6 2 ,

= + 7 , 2 ,


* ~ '

* - 1 .
, = - 1 ,
= 0
.

: = + 2 = - + 2 ,
<3

= + , 6 2 , 2 , 6 2 , * 0, * 1.

499


:
81
.820. = 0.
+ 2
08
.821. = .

~2
8X - 08 X
.822, ^------------ = 0.
4
2 - 3 81X - 08 2
.823. = 0.
62 - 2
08 2 2 08 X + 1
.824. = .
122 8 + 2
2 812 X 08 2
.825.
122 - 4: - 2
08 2 81X
.826.
2 + 8 + 122
812 3 082
.827, --- 2-------------------- - 0
2 - 45 + 81
08 2 5 81X 3 _
.828,
2 5 2
8 814 X + 8 084 X - 5
.829.
2 - 9 + 82
1 - 5 81 + 2 082
.830, = 0.
62 + - 5
^21 (1 + 8 4:) 81 2 - 082 2
42 - 9 + 2
3 82 2 + 7 2 - 3
.832, 2 0.
42 - 7 + 3
08 - VI*81 - 08
.833. -------------- 2------------------------- = .
- 4 + 3

500

0 _ . 81 + 81 5 - 81 4
.834. ------------------^-------------------- = 0.
92 1
: - 8 1 - 8 2 _
.835. 9 0.
62 - 5 - 1
,, 08 08 2 8
.836. ----------------- 5------------------- = 0.
2 +
-- 81 4 8 08 27
.837. ^ ~ 0
6 - 19* + 3
0 ^ 0 81 2 81 6 - 08 08 _
. ^ ~ *
602 - 16* + 1

08 X 08 X
.839. - 8 =
.

= + , & 2,,
08 = 0,
08 X = 1, X = 27, 2 ,

81X & 1,
& + 21, I 2.

,
*
3
: 2 = + 2, 2, & 2.

.840.
8 - 2 81X
"%2 .
08
.
,

3 81X - 4 834X 2 81 X
4 083X - 3 08 X
"*82.

501

= ,

* = ,
% = /2,

81 X * ,

X = ,
= + ,


* + , 6 2 , & 2

: = , & 2,
.841.
(18 1 + 2 18 2)(1 + ) = 4 8 .
. , :
(18 - 18 + 2 18 2)(1 + ) =

= ( 2 1 2 - 2 !8 2) 2 032~ - = - 8 18 4 2^ - .

8 4 * ,

502


08 = , 08 = ,
. . . , . 5
8111 8111 4 + 08 4 08 = , 08 = ,

8 4 # , 8111 4 * .

2
~ +~
2
= 5 +

X* 2 , 2 , 2.

,

.
2
1. + = - , 2 , 2 . = 8& + 4.
3 3 4
,
3.
) = 3/, / 2 . = 24/ + 4.
) = 3/ + 1. = 24/ + 1 2 , = 8/ + 4.
) = 31 + 2. = 24/ + 20, / 2.
, ).
2 _
. 5 = 8 + 4.
- ! +
:
) = 51, I 2 , 5 40/ + 4;
) = 51+ 1, 5 = 40/ + 12;
) 51 + 2, 5 = 40/ + 20, = 8/ + 4;
) = 51 + 3, 5 = 40/ + 28;
) = 5/ + 4, 5 = 40/ + 36.
), ), ), ) .
,
_ , 2 2
: = + - - = + ,

* 31 + 1, * 51 + 2, , / 2 , .

503


:
2
.842. .
1 - 2
2
.843. 0.
1 + 81 2 ~
31X1 2 _
.844. 0.
1 2 ~
81 2
.845. 0.
1 + 2
2 + X
.846. = 0.
1 +
51 X + _
.847. = 0.
X +
- X _
.848. 0.
81 - 81 X _
2 312 X + 3 X
.849. = .
1 -
X -
.850. = .
1 +
81 2 - 2
.851.
1 + *
2 + 31 2
.852. --------------:------ :------------------ = 0.
1 31X
X - 4 52 X X
.853. = .
+ 1
4 8111 X 2 X X _
.854.
- 1 -
2 2 - 2
.855. = .
31 - 1
8122 2
.856. = .
+ 1
504

1 08 X 81X
.857. ----------------------- = 0.
05 X
1 08 X + 81X
.858. ----------------------- = 0.
05 X
08 4 + 2 082 1 _
.859.
(8111 X + 1)(8 1) _
08 4 + 2 812X 1 _
.860.
(8 1)(8 + 1) -
8 8 X 08 X 81 2 - 1 _
.861.
+ 2 81 4 ~
4 (082X 812 ) 08 2 1
.862.
2 8111 4
81X + 08 4 2
.863. ------------------------- = .
2 08 ^ - 2~

08 X + 08 + 2 _
.864.
. 1
812 - 2
82
.865. = 2 08 X .
1 + 81 X
8 X
.866. = 1 - 08 X.
1 + 08 X
81 2
.867. = 2 81X.
1 08 X
81 2
.868. = - 2 81 X.
1 - 08 X
1 008 X
.869. = - 2.
. X
81
81 4
.870. = 1.
81 6
81 2
.871. = - 1.
08
1 + 2 82 - 3 2~8 + 8 2.
.872. 1.
81 2 1
505

05 X (3 ' 2 08 X) 81 2 1 _
.873.
1 - 812
2 812 X + 3 2~81 - $ 2 + 1
.874. = - 1.
1 + 8 2
08 X (2 81X + 3 ) - 2 082 - 1 _
.875.
8 2 + 1 -
1 1
.876.
8X 8 2 8 4
1 + 81 2 + 08 2
.877. + 81
+ 1 8 = -
1 + 81 2 08 2

.878.
81X 2
08-1 X 08 X
.879. 81 + \% =
2 81
3 81 4 + 2 8 2
.880. + 2 = .
3 4 + 2 08 2 + 3
8 2 + 2 08 - 1
.881. = - 2 08 X 08 2.
08 X 08 + 81 81X

3,.(=: 2 * 2 ,) _ . 0.
18 2 - 2 4
3 (1 - 81 )
.883. = 2 08 2 - 7.
8111 X - 08 2

.884.
(1 + ) 8 + 12 1 = .
.
(1 + *2) 8 = 1 - *2,
,
1 + 12 . , -
1
. = --------5 .
1 + 1 8 2
2

506


+ , 2. ,

810 = 1,
= 2, 2 2 + - 1 = , =
* . * ,
* 0.

= <

,
: = ( - 1)" + , 2.


:
V 885 ^ ^ ~ ^8
.885. 1+&1&2 ~ 1-

1 - 18 18

218:
.887. - + = 1.

2X
1-18'
.888. + =
2X
1 +18'
.889. 6 + 182 + 6 182 = 1.
* *

.890.
9 2 (2 2 + 5 ) = 0.
.
2 - 9 = ,
2 2 + 5 = ,

9 - 2 =5 0.
507


* = 3,
= - 3,
= ^ + , & 2 ,

- 3 =5 3.

2 + ^ 3,
\ + - 3,
,

: = 3 = 3, = ^ + ,

{ - 3 ; - 2 ; - 1; ; 1; 2}.


:
.891. - 2 = .
.892. = 0.
.893. + 4 18 = 0.
.894. 7 - *8 2 = 0.

.895. V 25 - 42 (3 2 + 8 ) = 0.

.896. / 49 - 42 | + 3 = .

.897. V I - 2 ( ) = 0.

.898. ! 4 - 2 ( + 81) = 0.
.899. / 2 + - 2 (2 - 2~) = 0.
.900. ^~~~^ (2 - ) = 0.

.901. - - 4- - = 0.
Vx2 - 6

508

$ 2:
.902, = 0.
- 3
8 512 - 7 2 - 8
.903, = 0.

7 - - 2
.904, = .
+ 3
2 + 5
.905. = 0.
V 5-2
314 X + 4 X - 4
.906. = 0.
/ 2 - 42
51 X + 51 2 +
.907. = 0.
/ ^
+ 2 +
.908. = 0.
V 2 - 2

.909. 2 = 0.
.

= 0,
= + , ,
2 = 0, , _ ^
= - + , ,
2 ^ 0,
2 ^ 0.

= ^ + 2 = ( + 2) = 1 < 0.


: = + , .
4 2
.910.
2 - " 2 - 2 6
= 0.

509

81 2 - 2 - 2 6
. / () =

V5(2~?)
= .
,
[0; :).
81 2 - 08 2 - 2 08 = 0,

08 ^2 > ,

1
6 + 2 - 51 2 = ,

[2 - > 0,

2,

2,

510

,
5 17: 29: 41: 7: 19:
, , ^ -
[0; :).
,
.

* = 08 = = >0;

17: 17 \ 11
X =
48 = 081~2 = 8^ - > 0 ;

29:
X =
48
41

)- \
29 \ 23 ^
08 1 " " 4 = 8 < 0;
/41 \ 35 ^
X = < 0;
48
7 / ^ /7 \
= 12* - - 1 = 112 - 4 I - > 0;

19 / \ /19 \ 4
X = - < 0.
24

5 17
: = - + + ,
48 48
7
+ , 2.
24


:
.911. = 0.
.912. = 0.
.913. 2 = 0.
.914. 2 = 0.
.915. 1 = 0.
.916. % = 0.

.917.
V X
/2 .
= 0.

511

.918. " (8 + 5 - 2 08 2 ) = 0.
.919. (4 5 - 2 2*) = 0.
.920. (2 2 - 4 - 1) = 0.

2 ^ + - + " -
.921. --------2 2 = .

V 81 (I+)
.922.
5( +1)+5( +1)-5( - )
= .

5|(| ~ | ) +! (| '' 21) |- '/: _ 0


.923.

V-"*(+1)
.924.
5 2 81X = 6 81 1.
. = , -
- 2* = 61 1.
1
*
2
5 21 (61 - I ) 2, 2
1=
6* - 1 25 , 9
2*
6 *
\
= .
2*

: = ( 1)* ^ + , 4 2 ,

.925.

VI + 8 51 2 2 2 = 2 8111 | + ^

512

.

1 + 8 2 2 2 = 4 2 | * + ,

8 | + ~ | ^ ,

1 + 4 81 4 08 2 = 2 + 2 8 6,
8 | + ^ ,

2 81 2 + 2 51 6 2 51 6 = 1, 81 2 - ,

81
> | + ^ | ^ ,
8 [ + ,

* = +
5 | * + 5 0.

[; 2) (2

/ () = V 1 + 8 2 2 2 2 | + .


5 13 17 1
12 12 12 12 }

1(+?) ^*
7
81 =

X
12 (*!)
5; . /
= 51 3 + 7 ) =
X
12 <0:
13: /- :\ 1
X = 51 = < 0;
12 3* + 4

I > I I*I 513


.926. 10 - 18 = 6 - 2.

.927. 37 - 48 = 8 1 - 5.

.928. 13 - 18 = 6 * * - 3.

.929. 2 = 2~ .

.930. V - 2 = .

.933. 2 1 = ' / .

.934. V3 2* - 1 = '/ .

.935. V I - 2 2* = * + *.

.936. / ^ .2 * - 1 = - *.

.937. 5 - 2 + 2 = 0.

.938. V 2* * + 8 * = 0.

.939. 5 * + 2 + 2 = 0.

.940. VI 2 4* + 2 = 0.

.941. VI + = + .

514

.942. / ^ - 512 + | + = X +

.943, - 5 7 2 + = 0.

.944.

.945,

.946,

.947.
2 2 = / 5 + 4 2 .
.
|0; 2).
2 2 = 5 + 4 2,
| 2 > 0,

{
+ = 5 + 4 2,
2 0,

{
4 3 + + 8 = 0,
2 > 0,
= 0,
= 0,
4 2 8 5 = 0, = - ^ ,

2 ? 0,
2 > 0,

= , & 2 ,
2
= + 2, 2 ,

2 5 0.

515

0, , , ,
< <
[0; 2). ,
.
X =: 0 2 = 0;
X = 2 = 0;
2 .
X = 2 = > 0;
4
4 2
= ^3
X = X 81 " < 0.
3 4
2
: = + 2, & 2 , 2 .

.948. 4\% = V2 81 .

.949. 41% = /2 .

.950. 42 3 2 = \ / .

.951. ^ = 42 .

.952. VI + 4 2 = VI - 4 .

.953. VI - 4 8 = VI - 4 2.

.954. 42 2 = V5 + 4 2.

.955. V8^ + 81 5 = /4 ~.

.956. V 5x~+7x~ = 6 .

.957. 2 = .

.958. V = V 4.
* * *

516

5.
.959. 2~(1 + ) = \%^.
.
. . 1 +
1% = :--------,
2 8111X

+ 2&, & 2 . , ,
,
. ,
= + 2 . ,

= + 2> & 2 ,
, 1 + X
2 (1 + ) =
81 X

= + 2 9 ^ 2 9

81 X =


: = + 2 = (-1 )" + , 4 6 2 , 2 .

.960
2 + 81 2 = \% .
.
\ 2 = - ^ ^ 2 = ^ =


%.
( -

) + , .
2\% 2\% _ 16
1'
1- * 1+% 15*8*

* - *8 ^ + >
1
: = ^ + = !8 + , , .

517

.961.

18 ( +*|= - 1 - 5 ! *.

. , ^ + , & 2 ,
,

= ^ + , 2 ,
1 + 18* _ ___ 5 _
1 18* <8* *


= + , 6 2 ,

18*= |.

: = + & = !8 ^ + , & 2.

.962. 51 ! =0.

.963. 2 (1 - 2) = 18*.

.964. 18 2* + 2* = - !8 *.
1 1^7
.965. 18 2 1 2 + \ 18 ~ ~
(* + )-

.966. 18 ^2 - = !8 ^ + 3 !8 2.

.967. 218 ^ + * | + 5 "18 | | + *) = - 7.


11 2 18 * + 3
.968. !8


518

.969.
512 X - 4 81 X X + 3 082 X > 0.
.
: 2* (
).

31/
+ , 2 , ,
. ,

.
.

= + , .2 ,
= + , 2 ,
\%>,
12 4& + 3 > 0 ,
\% < \.

: 6 | + ; + | 3 + ; + ,
.


:
.970. 2 + 81 2* ~ 3 2 > 0 .
.971. 4 2* - 3 * * - 7 2 > 0.
.972. 6 2 * - 5 * + 2 ^ 0.
.973. 2 * + * - 2 2 * > 0.
.974. 2 2 - - 2 ^ 0.
.975. 3 2* + 4 * + 2* > 0.

.976.

(2 * " ) 2 | ! * -^ | ^ 0.

519
______________
.

/2
----- ^ 0.
*
, (2 - /3~)2
.

------------ --- [4 ' 4 ' ^ 6

* 2, 2.

.978. 082 (4 812 - 1) < .

.981. (1 + 81X1 )(2 + + 6) .


.982. ^ 5 + 9 - 22 (12 + 1) .

520
VI


,

: / () = ()
,
/ ( ) ^ () ^ ( ),

2
~
V I.!. - = 2 + 1.

2

. ( ^ I < 1, 2 + 1 > 1,

= 0.
: = 0.
1.2. 2 = - .
. ,
[-1; 1 ].
= - ,
, .
: .

:

521

1.4. 2 = 2 - 2 - 1 .

1.5. = 2- 4 + 5.
4
1
1.6. 2 2 = +
1
1.7. = 1 - ~ 2.

.2
1.8. 3 + 4 = * - 6 + 14.

1.9. ----------1 ---------- = / 2 - .


81X + 08 X
1.10. 2 = 52 + 2 + 3.
1 . = 2 + + 1.
1.12. 2 = 1 - 2 .
1.13. 2 / 2 - 1 = 0.

1.14. ( + ) + 1%2 ( + ) = - _ + 1.

1.15. 2 - 2 + 1 = 0.
.
.
, 2 ^ > 1.

= 1, = - 1. ,
:
. 71
, = 1,
| 2 - 2 + 1 = ,

[2 + 2 + 1 = .
: = 1 = 1.
522

VI. 16.
3
X + 05 ( + ) = ^

. ,
, X+ -
X + = 2 08 ^ 008 ~
2

, . , (X + V
08 ( + ) = 2 | 2 - I.

X+ X + "\ _
2 + 1 2
I 2] 2*
X + V
4 5 4 ^
2
* *
^
2 +1=0.
-
+
~
= 4^ '2
-
4
-
,

-
= 1,
2
X+ 1

2 2
'
-
= - 1,
2
X+ - _ 1

2 2 *

2 ( + ) =
3
2
= + (2 + 2& + 1)


:
1.17. 42 4 + 1 = 0.
VI. 18. 2 + 8* () + 16 = 0.
VI. 19. 92 + 6 ( - ) + 1 = 0.

1.20. 2 ~ 2 +1=0.
-
1.21. ( + )2 + 10 ( + ) () + 25 = 0.
VI.22= 2 3 '/2 ( ) + 9 = 0.
1.23. 2 - 2 ( + ) + 1 = 0.
1.24. \%2 + 2 1 ( + ) + 2 = 0.

1.25. 2 + 4 2 = 2 .

1.26. 4 4 4 = 4 + 2 2 4 2.
4 2 4
VI.27=

( + ) + ^ = 0,
X = + 2.
1.28.

(2 + ( - 1) ) ( + ) + ^ = 0,
= .
* * *
5
1.29. 6 + - = 2.
5
. < 1 $ 1,

5
, 6 = 1 = 1 .
,

524

08 6 = 1,


6 = 2, ,
^ = 1 + 2 . .

X '

4
X .
5 + ~5~*
, -
, _ _
= + 5 12 = 3, < 6 2 ,
.
:

) = 51, 5 60/ 3;
) = 51 + 1, - 12/ = 3;
) = 51 + 2, 5 - 60/ = 27;
) 51 + 3, 5 60/ = 39;
5) = 51 + 4, 5 - 60/ = 51, / .

5. ,
), ), ), )
( 5, ).
) = 121 + 3 =* + 41.

: = + 1, 1 2 .

1.30.
( + / ) = 2.
.

X + ^^ 31 = 1, = 1.

525

,

| ( 5 - * (4* + ! ) ) = 1 ,

^ - = 2.

^2 - ^ | < 1 - ^ ^ 1 -

71

)- 1, 2 - = 2, 2 ,
71
4 + = 71 + 2> 2 ,
~
1,

= + , 4 2 ,

_
~ 6 + 2 >

, ,
_
- + - + .

2.

: = + , 2 .


:
1.31. 2 + = 2.
4

1.32. + = 2.
1.33. 2 - 6 = - 2.

1.34. 4 + 2 ^ = 3.
4 3

1.35. 2 ( ~ 3 ^2 + | | = 5 -

526

1.36. 3 812 ~ + 5 812 = 8.

1.37. 082 [2 + | + 082 - \ = 0.


1.38. 08 "08 - 4 = 1.
1.39. 81 9 (81 + "8 ) = - 2.

1.40. 8 + 8 ^ + ... + 8 = , , > 1.

08 4 + 81
8 2 = - 2,
VI,
41 | = 2.

2 6 - 2 = - 3,
1.42. . -
- 2 =

3 4 + 8 = 4,
1.43. , :
2 + = - .

1.44. 7 + 4 = 1.

. :
087 ^ 082, 814 $ 812.
,
7 + 84 $ 1. ,

087 X = 082X,
814 X = 812X.


.

: = + = 2 , ^ 2 .

527


:

1.45. 3 + = 1.
1.46. 5 + 5 = 1.
1.47. 08122 + 132 = 1.
1.48. 084 X - 817 = 1.
1.49. 812" + 2" = 1,
1.50. + = 1.

1.51. V 812X + V 082X = $ .

1.52.
815X + 035 - 2 - 4.
.
515 $ 812X , 085X $ 032.
8 5 + 5 ^ 2 + 2 = 1.
, 2 514 ? 1.
,
815 = 2,
035 = 2X ,
2 - 4 = 1.
, ,

+ ( )
*

: = + 2 , . 2 .

1.53.
+ = 3 2"+ 2 18 + 2 .

528

. = 18* + .
:

VI + 2 18 ( , 8* + ) 1 . _ ).
^ 1 + 2 18 VI + 2 )

( 18 \ 2, ( 1 \2 ,
; . , + I . , = 1, -
^ 1 + 2 18 ] (V I + 2 18 )
18 1
) . ,------ = , I . .' = ,
VI + 2 18 VI + 2 18
[0; 2).

= VI + 2 18 ( ).
, | | < .
3 + 2 18 + 2 = 3 + > .

, + = \^2~ - | $ ,
,

+ = ,
| + 2 18 + 2 = .
71
= + 2

2 . 18 = + 12 18 = - 1.

,


= + 2,
4
- = - , = + 2 6 2 .
4

, 2
, + = + 2,
, = + 1.


: = + 2,

529


:
1.54. 1&2 = 2 - 1.
1.55. 6 = 1 + 4.
1.56. \%4 = 2 2 1.
1.57. X + X = ' + 814 X .
1.58. 5 + = 2 + 2 .

1.59. 4 = .

1.61. 81 18 + 10 + 2 = 3 + 2 2.

1.62. | - ^ (1 - 4 2 2) - 2 4 = 3.

1.63. 4 2 + 2 2 = - .

1.64. V 5 + 2 = + 2 .

1 2
1.66. + = 1 + 2 - 2 2.
X
1.67. 2 6 10 2 = + 1* .
1.68. 1 + (1 + ) = (2 ( + 2 )).

1.70. 1 !2 2 + = '.

1.71.

530

. ,
.

5 + .\ 8 2 - 6 5 1.
812 X

|5 + ~ ] (2 816 ) ^ 8.

, , 7 + 2 5 8.
,
3
5 + = 8,
812
2 - 86 = 1,
7 + 2 = 8.

2 = 1,
1 2 = 1.

? = + , = , 6 2 , 6 2 .
*
1.72.

3 + 2, (* - ) ) . ,/ + 2 - , 8 ^ + 8| <*-)>.

( - ) = 2 2 - 1

3 + 4 2 * 2 - 2 = 2 4 - ( - I)2 2 * ^ + 12 ( - )

2 ( ) = 2 2 2 ^ 0^4 ( I)2 - 2).

, 4 ( I)2 2 , ,

4 - ( - I)2 - 2 0.

531

082 ( - ) = ,
2 X 4 - ( - I ) 2 - 2 = 0,
082 2 = ,
082 ( - ) = 0.
4 ( I)2 3=
, .
,

: = 1, = 1 + "2 + , & 2 .


:
1.73. (8 ( ) + 1)(2 (2 ) + 1) = .
1.74. (4 - 08 2)(2 + 3 8) = 12 -----^ .
4 082
1.75. [2X ----- ^ | (1 + 122)(3 + 8 ) = 4.
( 08 }
1.76. \2 -------|( 4 - 2 0 8 4) = 1 + 5 8.
( 08 I
1.77. (3 - 81 ) | 4 -------- V - ) = 12 + 2.
^ 81 X)

1.78. [82X ------I + |082 ------------V " ! = 1 2 + X 8.


^ 81 X) ^ 08 XI 2
1.79. \% + + 2 !2 12 = 3 + 8 12( + ).
1.80. ( (2 + 2)) + ( (2 + 2)) = 2.

1.81. 4 ^3 ^4 - 2 2* * + 2 0 8 ( + ) | =

= 13 + 4 082( + ).

532
VII

.1.
81 ( 2 ?] = 2 + - 1 ?
I *)
. ,
12 + 1 1 ^ 1.
- 2 *= 1,
* + - 1*6 1, ( + 2 ) ( - 1 ) ^ 0 ,
" > ,
' 2+ - 1 ^ - 1 , |(+ 1)> 0,
=6 - 1 .
: 2 ^ ^ 1 0 < ^ 1.
.2. ,
(* )2 + ( )2 2 ,

* + =

.
2
. 0 (* )2< , 0 ^ ( )2 ^ 2.
52
0 ^ (! )2 + ( )2 < .

^ 2 < ^ ~ . , '

1. .
= .
= 1
(^ )2 + ( )2 = :2,

*8 + = ,

533

1 = I. 12 + ^ = 2.

(1 - ) (1 + / )
4 *2 4

| , ..
= 1 .
: = 1.


.. ,
:
) 8 = + 2; ) ( + 1) = + ;
71
) 2 = 1; ) 1 = + ;

) * * + ^ _2?_. ) 4 + 4 = ;
- 1

) = / + 5 ; ) 6* + 6* = .

) * = ( 1) ;

.4. ,
1 + * = ( + I)2 .
.5. ,

* + ( )2 = ,

* ( )2 = ^

.
* *

.6. ,
= % .
534

. ,
-1 <6 1.

: ^ + ^ ^ + , 2 .
4 4
.7. ,
! = .
. 0 < < . ,
> .

: 2 < < + 2:, 6 2 .


.8. ,
:
) = ; ) = ;
) = 81 ; ) = ;
) \% = ; ) = ;
) (% = ; ) 1 = ;
) = ; ) *8 = ;
) = ; ) = *8 .
* * *

.9. ,
(2 4) = + 2 .
. = 2,
= 4, , , .
= 2, = ,
.
* 2, = .

1
1.
- 2
- 2 > 1,
- 2 *= - 1 .
: $ 1 5 3.

535


VII. 10. ,
:
) ( + 1) = - 1;
) 3 = 2 + 2;
) ( + 2) = 4;
) ( - 5) = 2 + ;
3) (2 - 1) 2 = + 1;
) (2 6 + 5) 2 = 5;

) ( - 3) !1 ^2 = 2 5 + 6;

) ( + 4) 2 2 = 2 16;

) ( - 1) 2 [ - = 2 - 8 + 7;

) 2 = 2 + + 1.

VII. 11. ,
+ = 1 .
.

; + = 2 + 1 < } ----- + . , !
(^ 2 + 1 2 + 1 ^

< ()+ () = 1,

- = ,- = .
/2 + 1 2 + 1
, :

2 + 1 ( + ) = 1, ( + ) = ^ 2*+ .

536

< == 1,
V
.
: .


VII. 12. ,
:

) + = ;
) \^2~ = + 1;
) + 2 = - 1;
) +- = 2 ;
) 2 = 1.

.13. ,

2 + (2 + 6) + (2 - 7)(1 - 4) =
.
.
.

[
= 2 - 7,
= 1 - 4.

"|2 7| ^ 1,
11 4 | ^ 1.

'3 ^ 4,

: 0 ^ < 3 < < 4.

537


VII. 14. ,
:
) 2 ( + 1) + (2 + I) = 0;
) 2 - ( + 7) 8 + (4 - ) (2 + 3) = 0;
) 2 (4 9) + ( 5)(3 4) = 0;
) 2 + ( - 3) + ( - 2)(5 4) = ;
) 2 (7 7) + 2 (5 7) = 0.

.15. , -

/ - + 1 = 0 .
.
,
8>3 1.
,
:
- 1 *= 1,
| | ^ 1,
' > 3 1,
4 -
: - 1 < ^ .

VII. 16. , -

---------------- = 0 .
+ -

. ,
:
= ,

* - -

, 0 ^ ^ . = ^

538

7
, = .
2 7
: 0 ^ < - -- < ^ ,


.17. ,
:
-
) )
, 1 _ 0> 2 =0;
+ 2 318 - 1
-
) ------------------------ ?
) 2 = ;
/ 81-
21 18 -

81 + *
) ) V,
2 + 1 ~ 18 - 1
!8 - 2 + *
)
18 - 4 + 1 ~
) 7 V)
18 - 3
- +
) )
~ * - !
+ -
+
) -
/ -
* _ 0-
) -
. X
- - +.
) 2 - - ) ^ _ 0.
- 1 +
!8 -
- + )
2 ~ '
) - !8
X 4
!8 +
- _ ) = 0.
) ,
& + !8 -
! +
) - ----------- = *
1 8 * -2
*

539

VII. 18. , '
2 = 4? + 4 - 2 .
. :
2 = - (2 - I)2 - 1.
2 & 1, , (2 I)2 1 1,
=
1
: =

.19. , -
/ 1 + 2
1 I = _ ^ .

. , 11 + 2! ^ 11 ?\. -
1 + 2 . _
, ^ 1. , ,
1 2
1 + 2
= 1, .. = .
1 2
: = .

.20. ,
:
. 1- 2
) = 2 + 1; )
1 + 2
. ( ^ 2
) = 2 1; ) 81 , - 2* = ,
) 1 + 2
,
) ^ = 2 + 2 + 2; ) = 2 + \ ;

) ( .* 1+.
1 = 1 + ,* ) = + 2;
I2 ) 2 2
) 181 = - 1; ) = - 2;

) !8 5 = ^ - 3; ) !8 = - 2.

) = V 1 2 ;
* * *

540

.21. ,
2 + 5 = 2 4 + 7
.
. , 2 + 5 ^ 3,
2 4 + 7 = 2 4 + 4 + 3 = ( 2)2 + 3 ^ 3.
, ,
= 2. ,
. = 2: 2 + 5 = 3.

2
= 5,
= 1, 6 +

5 = 1, 2
=
+
2 2
^ + ^ = + 5 + 20 = 3 + 12*,
= 1 + 6*. , ..
, . , 2
.
: .


.22. ,
:
) + 5 = 2 - 2 + 3;
) 2 = 42 + 4 + 3;
X
) + 7 = 2 + / 1 ;
) 3 2 + 6 8 = 9 + / ;
1 2
) -81 + 12 = 2 2 2.

.22. ,

(22 + 10 + 13) 2 + 2 ( + 2) + 1 = 0
.

54!

. 22 + 10 + 1 3 ^ 0 ,

. ^ = ( + 2)2 22 10 13 = ( + )2 < .
, ,
= 3.
812 X 2 8 X + 1 = , (81 X I)2 = .
, .
: = - 3.


.23. ,
:

) 082 - + 2 - + ^ = 0;

) 812 + 2 8 + 2 - 4 + 4 = 0;
) (52 - 4 + 1) 2 - 2 ( - 1) + 2 = 0;
) 5 2 2 (2 1) + 2 2 + 2 = .

.24.
( _ 2 ]
81 = | ; | -
[-6 ; ]
.
= -
. !
( 2
(. 105).
~ 3_

542


= = .
, -
( -
(1 / \
,
(; - .
,
.
^ ^ , ; - ^ < < -

; ^ < 1, ;
= 1, ; > 1, .

: ^ ^ > 1, ;

1 ~
< < = 1, ;

< 1, .


.25.

:
_'
) 81 = , ) = ,
2;

) 81 = , ) = ,

/ 1_ ( 11
) = , ) - ,
^4; ( 4; 6

.26. ,
[0; ]
=
4

543

. ,
. = ^ ,

- 2 - ^ . ,

^ 2 ^ ,
.

: ^ 2 - -
4
.27. ,
[0; ]
2 2 - | 1 + 2 | = 1 .
. :
( 1 - 2 ) (1 + 2 ) - 11 + 2 | = 0 .

1 1
81 X ~, 81X ~ ,
. 1
81 X > - - ,
31
. X .> - -1 ,
1 - 2 - 1 = 0, = 0,

^ - -1 ,
81 X < ^-
< 1,

1 - 2 + 1 = 0. = 1.

1
= - - ,
= 0.


.
-
1 7
,
= 0.
]
544

0 . , |^0;
, .
_ 1
: ^ .


.28. ,
[0; ] :

) = ^ , = 3;

) = ^ , = 2;

) 81 = 2 = 3;

) = ^ , = 2;

3) 2 82* - 81 = 0, - 3;
) 2 2 + 2~ = 0, = 3,
) 2 2 + = 0, = 4;
) 2 2 ~8 = 0, = 3;
) 2 082 + 08 = 0, = 3.
VII.29. ,
[0; ]
2 2 - 12 - 1 1 = - 1.

[2
I ;
-
.. , -
2 3 I 81 + ^ = 0

) ; )
[ *
.
. ,
:
I 545


81 = ~1 ,

81X1 = .

[^ 0
,
,
(. 106).
)
,


, ,

.
= 2
. > 1 < $
[ 2 1
; . -
( . . 106).
)
.
, , = 1.
: ) > 1 < 0 ; ) = 1.


.31. ,
2 + | + ^ = 0
[ 5"| _
2^ "4 : ) ; ) ; )
.
.32. ,
( , ^2~\ . , [2
- | + - = 0

|; ) ; ) ; )
.
546

. ,
2 - - ^ =

\; ) ; ) ; )
.
.34. ,
| - | ( - ) =
1\
; I ) ; ) ; )
.
.35 ,
2 / 7 ^ \ 7
+ + =
\ ^1
; ) ; ) .

.36. ,
2 - | - ^ = 0 -

) ; ) ; )
.
.37. ,
2 + ^ + + ^ = 0 -
51 . ^
| - ; ) ; ) ; ) .

.38* ,
2 4 - ( - 3) 4 = 0
[ 51 .
8; |
.39. ,
2 2 + 2 + 1 = 0

(-V )
547

.40. ,
2 + ^22 + 2 - 2 =


;

* * *

.41. ,
( ) =
7# \

2)'

= ,
= .

, = .
,
, ,
.)
2)
71
: < = , ^ .


.42. ,
-
:
/
) ( ) ( - ^ :

) ( + ) (8 + ^ ) =
( . /2'
) ( - ) ^ 1 -

) ( + ) ( 8 - ^ ) :

) ( - ) ( X + 1 :

548

11.43. ,
( - ) ( - 1) =
.
. , = 1
( 1) = 0.
= . ,
= 1 . ,
.
^ + 1 , ,
, =
.

: < + 1 1, > ^ + 1.

.44. ,

& - /)( - ) = ,
11 < 2
.
. , \& = "-
71
[1; 2) = .
,
[1; 2). ,
,
71
= , =

. , = ^
. , 1 ^ < 2 =
, < 1 ^ 2.
,
.
, -
_
, = + , 2 . ,
*

- , .

; < 1 = , = ^ 2.

549


.45. ,
:
) ( - ) = 0;
) ( + ) ( + 3) = 0;
) ( ~ ) (2 - 1) = 0.
.46. ,

:

11.47. ,
:
1 - 1)( + ) = 0,
> 1 - 1 < < 1;

\(% + ")( + ) = 0,
'
(
12 ^ < 4.

.48.
! = 2 [0; 2 ]
.
.
032 - 312
= 2, ----- = 2.

550


2 = ,
1
= .
51X
[0; 2 ] :
. , - , - , ^ . | \ < 1
. \\ = 1,
= : = 1

- 2 ~ 1 ~ ~ 2 ' I 1 > 1 ,
8 = ^ , , [0; 2 ]
( , ,
).
, ... ,
-
.
: | | < 1 = ,
;
\ \ = 1 , ;
| \ > 1 * , .


.49.
:
) 2 ( - ) = 0, [0; 2];

1
) | + ^ ( - ) = 0, [0; 2 ];

) | - ^ ( ) = 0, [0; 2 ];

) ( 2 + 1)( - ) = 0, [; 2 ];
( \
) I ( - ) = 0, [0; 2 ];

551


) ( 2 - 1)( - ) = 0, ; 2

) | - | ( - ) = 0, [0; 2 ].

.50. , .
2 ( 2 1) = 0 ( + 3) 2 2 -
- 2 4 - ( + 4) 2 = .

.
" 2 = 0,
2 = 1.

( + 5\
2 ( 2 - 1) 2 + ^ = 0.

, ,
" 2 = 0,
2 = 1,
+ 5
81 2 = ------ - .

. ,
2 = ------- .
, ,
,
.
+ 5
= 0,
2
+ 5
2
= 1,
+ 5
> 1.
2

: ^ - 7 = - 5, > - 3.

552


.51. ,
:
) ( - ^ | = 0

X 81 X - ( + + 3) = 0;

) + = 0 I +

) 05 X --2 == 0 | 5 - | + = 0;
) 2 1 = 0 ( 2 - 1)( + ) = ;
_ 2 1
3) 2 = + 3 1 + 2 = -

) 2 = 1 = 2;
) = 2 2
3 = ( + 1) 2 ( 1) 2;
) 4 2 = - ( - 4)(1 + 2)
2 2 = 1 + 2 + ;
) 4 2 = 2 6 1 2 = ~ .

553
VIII


, ..
.
,
, ..

.

.1. , 2 + 2 = 1, 2 + 2 = I,
+ = 0. + .
. 2 + 2 = 1, 2 + 2 = 1,
/3, , = , = /3,
= / .
+ - / + /3 = ( - /3) = 0.
+ :

+ /3 / = ^ ( 2 + 2/3) =

= ( + /3) ( - /3) = 0.
: 0.
1.2.
2 + 2 = 1,
' 4 (2 2 - 1) = 1.

. 2 + 2 = 1
: = , = , [0; 2).
554


4 (2 2 1) = 1,
. . , , _ _
4 = 1, = + , 6 2 .
2

[; 2)
5 9 12
, , . = ~ :

. / 1 - ( / 4) / 2 '
* = 8 = V 2 -------- 2-----*
/ 1 + (/) V2 +
= 03 = V -------- 2 ^ ---------2
.
/ 2 - / / 2 + /
: = -------------, =
2 2
/ + 7 /2 - /
= , = -------- 2
^------- ,
2
V2 - \/ 2 +
* ------------ 2----- > = --------- 2----- 111111
+ 7 2 - \ /
* ---------- 2 , = 2 .
1..
VI - 2 = 43 - .
. | | $ 1.
= , [0; ],
VI - 2 = 4 3 3 .
| | = .
[0; ] ^ 0, = .
,
3
= + , ,
4

= .
8 + ~2

555
__________________________
, -
0 ^ ^ . , .
4

+
X = 8 3 --------- 2-----
5 ^2-
= 0 8 ------------2-----

= =

/ 2 + / 2 -
: = ------^------ = ---------^------

= 2~
.4.
8 (1 - 22)(8 4 - 82 + 1) = 1.
. ,
(-1; 1). ,
1x1 5 1 |8 | =5 8, |1 - 2 2| 5 1,
184 82 + 1 1 = 182 (2 1) + 1 1 5 1,
, 18 (1 - 22)(84 - 82 + 1 )1 5 8.
, = , (0; ).
:
[8 (1 - 2 2)(8 4 - 8 2 + 1) = 1,
| 0 < <,

{ - 8 2 (1 - 8 2 2) = 1,
0<<,

- 8 2 4 - 1,

{ 0 <<.

:
8 2 4 = ,

0<<

556

8 + = ,

{ < < ,

..2
2
62 >
7

0<<9
2 4 1
: = = , = - ,

8:
= , = ,

3 5
= , =

.5

= ^ +1 =
,
1,03*
.
. , = .

I - VI - 2 ( / 6)

V ------------- 2------------- = 82 ^ 6 =

, +1 = 81 2^ $

5 4 + ^ + ^ + . .. + ^ + ....

> ( > 0 ).

5 < 1+ + +- +^ +- =

= 2 + ? ( + ^ + - + + - ) = 2 + ? <103-

557

.6. 2, ... ,
[-1; 1],
0. , , + + . .. + ^ ^ .
. , = ,, 2 = 2 , , = ,
, [0; ], = 1, 2 , . , .

4 3 , - ,
, + 2 + ... + = ----------- ^----------- +

4 3 , - , 4 3 -
-I-------------------------- - + + ---------- ------------- - =
+ 3 3
1 /I
= - ( , + 3 2 + ... + ,) .

,
= 9, 2 .
.7 19. . . , , ...
: 0 = 1, = 0
+1 = 2 - _. 2000.
. , \I ^ 1. 1^1 > 1 . ,
= \\
. , = 1 \2\ = \2* - \ \ > \ {\
( , ^ > 1 ,
).
, \\ >

|*+, | = 12 ,*-*_,|2*2 | ,| |*| - |*_,| > 2 \\ - |*_,| =

= I I *" ( I I I - 11) ^ I I
, ,
| 500| > | 0|, .
, = , 2 = 2 2 - 1 = 2.
,
, = .

= 008 5 0 0 5 0 0 = + , . 2 .

558

2000 = 2 + 2000 = 2000 = 1.
: 1.
.8. (; ; ; )
2 + 2 = 9,
2 + 2= 16,
+ & 12
, +
.
.
: = 3 , = 3 , = 4 /3,
/ = 4 /3, [0; 2:), /3 [0; 2).
:
1 2 /3 + 1 2 / 5 12, .. ( + /3) 3= 1.
/3
+ /3 = + /3 = . ,

+ </ = + 4 81/3 = 3 /3 + 4 / =

= 5 /3 + - | / | * 5 (< + /3),

3 4
= , = . , + 3= - 5.
, 3 /? + 4 /? = 5
- ,3 4

/3
= ^ ! /3 = - , /3 =
=
12
: == -,
- - = , = - - , ? = - .

1.9. ,
X,
_ 1 < ( + )(1 - ) < 1_
2 " (1 + 2)(1 + 2) " 2 '
. : = 1, = 12/3,

("1; |) !)
559

( + )(1 - ) _ (18 + 1/3)(1 _
(1 + ^ ( 1 + 2) (1 + \%2 )(\ + 182/3) .

= 8 ( + /3) ( + /3) = ^ 81 2 ( + /3).


.
. ,
- - - ______ ( ){ )( - )
1 + I + 1 + (1 + )( 1 + )( 1 + ) *
. = 18 , = 1&13,
= \%<, , /3,
:
18 ( - ) + *8 - <) + (< ~ ) =
= 18 ( - / 3 ) ~ <) (< ~ )
, (5 + ~< + < - = . ,

18 + + * =
+ + = 0.
.
.11. , , ,
= + + .
1 , 1 , 1 , __________2___________ _
1 + 2 1 + 2 1 + 2 (1 + ?)(\ + 2)( 1 + 2)
. = 18 , 6 = 18/3, = \<, , /3,
.
18 + 18/3 + 18 < 18 18/318 ?>
, , < .
, + 18/3 + \< - 1818/318^ = ,
18 + 18/3 + 189 (1 - 1818/3) = .
, /3, < , (18 + 1) < * 0 . -

? + '^ + = &( + /3 ) + = >

560

81 ( + ($ + <) . . .
. / , . = , 8 ( + + <) = ,
81 ( + ) 81 < 4 /
, /?, <
+ (} + ( = .

1 + 1 + V- - + 2 V2 2/3 2 = 1
1 + 1&2 1 + 2@ \+ % 2<
2 + 2/3 + 2 + 2 /3> = 1, , /3,
< .
1 + 2 1 + 2($
2 + 082/3 + 082^ - 1 =

2 + 3/3
+ V - 1 = 2 ( - ( + /3)) =

= ( + /3) ( - /3) + 2 ( + /3) =


= ( + /3) ( ( + /3) + ( - /3)) =
= 2 ( + /3) /3 = 2 ( - >) /3 =
= - 2 / .

.12. / ( ( ) = VI + I 2 I.
/ ( ) / ( ) + / ( ) / ( ) + / ( ) / ( ) ,
+ + 1 = 1, > 0 , > , > 0.
. : - % ,
= , = *8 , , <. ^0; .
,
*8 % + ( < + %< ! = 1

+ + < = <,
, , , < (
).
08
/ 0 0 = VI + 2 - =
81

561

2 811

~ 2'
2 ^ 08 2

3
/ ( ) = 1%2 * / ( 2) = 2 *

/ ( * ) / ( ) + / 0 / ( 2) + / ( * ) / ( * ) =
< <
- + & 2 ^ 2 + ^ 2 ^ 2 ~

= 18 (< | + 181 ) + 181 18 " 1 +



0 < 2- < ^ - 0 < ^ - < ^ - , 18^ *8 " * 1,

^(181 + 481) +*82*1"1 +1


-(*-,) ("I (*$) +,' + 1 =
V 2 2 | |- 1

+ 1=

= ( ^ |1 8 - 1 | + 1 = 1-

: 1.
VIII. 13. , 13
,
- ~
1+ *
. {, 2, . . . , ,

. , = 1 {, | - ; *=1,

2 , . . . , 13. ; 12

562

. 13 , , ,
71
, < - <

0 < ( - < * < ^ 2 '

% = , % - , 0 < * + * < ^

,

=
V 2 - "
2 + "


VIII. 14. , , ,
2 + 2 = 1, 2 + 2 = 1. , | \ ^ 1.
VIII5. , , 2 | | < 1
(1 + ) + (1 - )< 2.

16.
.17.
1 - = 22 - 1 + 2 1 - 2 .
VIII. 18. | +
+ 2 1 - 2
VIII. 19.
.20.
V* + 22 = 1.

2 1 - 2 = | 3| - | | +

.21. + >, = .
2 - 1 12
1.22. "- 2 >
?
.23.
+ = 4 \
+ = 43,
+ = 43?
563

.24.
\2 + 2 = 1,
\ + = 1
?
.25.
/ 2 \ \ ( 2 - 1) (24 42 + 1) = 1?
.26.

?
.27. (; ; ; I)
2 + 2 = 4,
2 + 12 = 9.
XI + 6
, +
.

.28. , 1 ^ 2 + 2 ^ 2.
2 + + 2.
.29. -
. 42
= 5---- 5
+ 2
1.30. - 2 < (2 + 2)
?
.31. , 100
, :
2 2 1?

1.32.
2 + 2 = ,
2 + 2 2 = 2,
2 + 2 = .

564

.. ,
,
I - \ \ - \ > I< |
(1 + 2) ^ + 2) + (1 + *)(1 + 2) " (1 + 2)(1 + 2)
.34.

, )'
+ + = 1.
.35.
+ + = 1,
1 ~ 2 _ 2 _ 1 2
1 + 2 ~ 1 + 2 1 + 2
(, , ).
.36. , , , + + = 1.
,
, . 2 _ _________ 4 ________
1 - X2 1 - 2 1 - 2 (1 - 2)(1 - 2) ^ - 2)
.37. , , ,
+ + = 1.
2 (1 ~ 2) - 2) 2 (1 - 2) <
(1 + 2)2 (1 + 2)2 (1 + 2)2 "

1 + 2 1 + 2 1+2
1.38. , , ,
+ + = .
1 , 1 , 1 _
V I + 2 VI + 2 VI + 2

/ ( V I + 2 - 1 ) ^ 1 + 2 - 1 )( + 2 - 1)
1+ 4 (V I + 2 + 1 ) ^ 1 + 2 + 1)0(1 + 2 + 1) '

565
. . .
I
1.2. ) 5; ) -7 ; ) -1 ; ) 0; 3) -6 ; ) 1,5; ) 1
4
11^3" . , , , . , 4 + 3 /2~ + 2 '/
) 1,9; ) '"* * 1,5; '' 0; **) 4; ) ---------- 2------------

) - 1. 1.3. ) -1 ; > 4 1.4. ) ) 2. 1.5. ) ^


2 4
) ^ . 1.6. ) 2~; ) 5,5 - ; ) 1.1.7. ) ; ) . 1.9. ) ;
) ; ) ; ) ; 3) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ;
) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . 1.10. ) = ;
) - 2~5 2~; ) $ ^ ; ) = 1; 3) 1; )
. 1.13. ) 6; 4; ) 6; 4; ) 5; 1; ) 1; ;
3) -1 ; -2 ; ) 2,25; 0,25; ) 10; 1; )
; ^ ; ) ^ ; -1 ; )
1; ; )
; )
; ) 1; -1; )
. 1.14. ) [^ 2]; )
[; 1]; ) [-1; 1]; ) [0,5; ); ) [1; ); ) [2; 8]; ) [-1; 1];
) ( - ; - 1 ] |; ) 00; - ^ [2; ). 1.16.
: ); ) ; 3); ); ); ). : ); );
); ); ); ); ); ); ); ); ); ); ) ; ). 1.18.
: ); ); ); ); ). : ); ) ; 3); ); );
); ). 1.20. ) 130 <1 ( - 130); ) 1 110 <1 193; )
200 < 81 ( - 250); ) 80 > 330; 3) *8 100< \% 80:
) 250 < 290; ) 1 6 0 > 8 2 4 0 ; ) 100 >
2
> (-1 0 0 ); ) 60> ; ) ! < 280; )
16<16; ) >2> 1.21. ) II ; ) I
; ) III ; ) ; ) I II
; ) II III ; ) I III ; )
II IV . 1.23. ) ; ) ; ) ;
) ; ) ; ) , ;
) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; )
; ) ; ) , ; ) ;

566
. . .
) ; ) , ; ) ; )
, ; ) , ; )
, ; ) , ; ) ;
) , ; ) , ; )
; ) , ; ) . 1.25. )
+ / , ^ __ 16/ - 9 . _ ^ 9 /3~ 6 _
; 2; ) ^ ; ) ^ ; ) ^ ; ) 158 .
8
1 1
1.27. ) 2 ! ) 0; ) -1 ; ) 0; )

) - ) -1 ; ) ) - ) 0; ) ) -1 ; ) 1; )

- ) ) /3\ ) - ) - '. 1.32. ) 1,6: <


< 1,68; ) 7,2 < 18 7,25; ) 20 < 21; )
20 > 21; ) 200 > 250; ) 200 <08 250;
) 1 200>1250; ) 08 5,1>08 5; ) 2>2,1; )
! 6 > ! 6,2. 1.33. : ); ); ); ).
: ); ); ); ). 1.34. ) 58 > 58; ) 18<
< 18; ) 81 <18 81; ) 120 < 20; ) 40<
< !8 20; ) 80 < 70. 1.35. ) ; ) . .
2 V'
18 80 > 1860 = /, ^ > 1 ; ) . . !810>
> !8 45; ) . 1.47. 2 . 1.48. 2 . 1.49. - 2/3. 1.50.
- 2 2. 1.51. 2. 1.52. 0. 1.53. ~ \ 1*54. 182. 1.55.
2 5
18 18 2. 1.56. 18 18 . 1.57. . 1.58. ^ . 1.59.
2/3. 1.60. 182. 1.61. - ! 8 2. 1.62. 2 2 . 1.63. 182 . 1.64.
( + ). 1.65. ( - ). 1.66. .\ . 1.67. . 1.68.
812 X 2

- 2 . 1.69. - . 1.70. 1. 1.71. 1. 1.72. . 1.73. 1.


2
1.74. 2 . 1.75. 2. 1.76. 182 . 1.77. 0. 1.78. 2 2 2 .
1.85. 2 ^ . 1.86. 1. 1.87. 2 . 1.88. - 2/3 . 1.89.

- ^ + 1 ). 1.90. 2. 1.91. 4. 1.92. . 1.93. . 1.94.


\ 2 ) 2 2/3
1
1. 1.103. 1. 1.104. 1.105. 1.106.
05/3 *

567
. . .

1.107. - . 1.108. 0 . 1.109. 0 . 1.110. - 2 . 1.111. - - .



1.112. 1.113.
. 1.114. ^^.
1.115. -%%8.
'
1.118. 4 . 1.119. 1. 1.120. 1. 1.121. 2. 1.122. - 1. 1.123. 1.
1.165. .
. 1.169. 0 . 1 .170. 0 . 1.171. -1 .1 .1 7 2 . 1.1.173.
-4 . 1.174. + . 1.175. 2. 1.178. - 12 ( 2 - (5). 1.179.
1 + . 1.180. - 2 . 1.181. - . 1.182. 2 .


1.183. ----- .1.184. 2/3. 1.187. - . 1.188. - / -
2 2
. 1.189. . 1.190. 21&. 1.191. -1 . .

^ ^ , ^ , ^ - ^ . 1.192. 1.
28 28
1.193. - /3. 1.198. ) = , % = , % =
45 28 28 . 45
= 28 8 = " 5 3 1 & = ~ 4 5 ' 18 = _ 2 8 ;
9 40 , 40 9
= , = , 1 = = , =
41 41 9 41
40 40 ^ + 2
= - , 1 = ; ) = - ?
* = =
3 7 24 . 7
= ; ) = - , = - , 18 = - ^ ; 0)
, ^ 4~ . 99
= , 1 = ----- & = ------------ ) = - ,
20 99 24
1 = - , 1 = ; ) = - 0 , 9 6 , = - ,
5- 2
! = - ; ) = , 1 = , 1 = ; )
24 3 5 2
" " 2 5~
= , = , ! = ; ) = ,
2 1 2 - 2
= , = - ; ) = ------ ----- 7 , 1 =
2 - 2

; > - = - ^ + ^ ,

568
695

V - V (? ; --------- ---------- (
- ------- 1 ^ 5 - 9 + I - , + ) 8
( ------- - ------- ( 1 7 (9 - 2 + < '1
, - ? + I _ ) ? ^ -2------- / 1 5

$ ( 1 /7 - ( : ( ! 6 ( : ( * - ( : - ( : -
521 51 I 21 91
7 I - .
( ! - (9 !? ( I ~ - = ------ - =

< 1" + ^ -^ ,
I - ^ I

* +^ - = <^ - > ^ - * - + =

. 0-1
= 8 -0021 'I > || | | = 80 *66
I - 2
= *>3 * * = 8 1
-
- I I - 2 I -0 2
= * = 81 --------------= 8 ( 1 = ^ _ >31
\ -V I - 2 -

*+ = > - = 8 (< ; - ^ = 8 + *=
_ 2 1 - - I

= 8 > + * = V 80 ( I _ = ^ 1 = ^81
*2
, * + I XI . I - *
= V 8 1 - - = -------5 = 8} < + 1 _
XI \ ~ 7 XI

9 % >8^0 = 3 1 + = 80 ( ! = 8
? -0 _$ 2 <?2 9

. , ^ + = 8 0 ( : ^ ------------- _ =
~ 191
= 8} - - - = 8 ( . = V * - _ = 8
191 * I
^ ^
. . .

1.212. ) (2 - 3); ) * - 42 + 2 ; ) 1-213. | .


1.214. 3 - 2. 1.215. 3 . 1.218. ) 2 + 2 = 4; ) = 1; )
+ 25 = 1; ) 2 - 2 = 1; ) - = 1; ) = 1; )
= 2 - 2\ ) 2 - ~ 3; ) = 2 + 2. 1.219. ) 3 - 63 =
= (2 6); ) = 12 ; ) = + = 2. 1.221.

) 2; 1; ) 3; -2 ; ) ; ) | -2 ; ) 2 -3 ;

) 0; - 1 ; ) 3 ^ ; 2; ) ; -1

. 1.223. ) ; ) ; ) II ; ) 12 ; )
; ) - ; ) 12; ) 12 ; ) ; ) ; ) &;
) - 1 2 ) - ; ) - ; ) - ; ) 2; )
2; ) !24; ) 122; ) 2; ) - ; ) ;
) - . 1.225. ) - ; ) - 1 2 6; ) - 3 6 ; )
!2 14; ) - 3 8 ; ) 120,2; ) 5 ; ) - 1 2 40; )
!2 14; ) - 0 , 1 ; ) 4 3 ; ) 40; ) 12 0,2; )
2 ( 1
- ; ) - ^ ; ) ; ) - ; ) 1212 1;

) - ^5 - | ) !2 ^ - 4 | . 1.227. ) 24; )
- 2 4 ; ) - 40; )- 40; ) - !2 0,2; ) - 19;
) - 40; ) - ^8 - | ; ) - 12 40; ) - 10; )

12 7; ) - !2 4; ) 18; ) 0,2; ) - 1 2 ; )
'2
; ) 12 ) - ; ) - !2^ ) - . 1.229.

) ; ) ; ) - ; ) - "; ) - ; ) - " ; )
_ . , _ \
2 >^ , ) 2 , 1, ) 1, 0 2 , ) 3 ,
" . 1 .1 . 3~ . , . ,. 1 . " .
) ; ) ^ ; ) ; ) ; ) 1; ) 0; ) ^ ; ^)
" . 2 .1 . 2
3 ; ) - ; ) - ; ) ; ) ; ) - ; ) .
1.232. + . 1.233. !2 12 . 1.234. +
+ 12 . 1.235. - + !2 . 1.236. - . 1.237. 0.

570
. . .
1.238. 0. 1.239. 1. 1.240. 0. 1.241. 8 . 1.242. 1. 1.243. -1 .
1.244. 3 2 . 1.245. 2. 1.246. 1. 1.247. 2 8 . 1.248. 0. 1.249.
0. 1.250. 0. 1.251. 0. 1.252. 1. 1.253. 1. 1.254. 1. 1.2551. 1.256.
. 1.278. -1 . 1.279. 3. 1.280. 1.281. - - . 1.282.
2 4
- 5. 1.283. 2 ^ ~ 3 .1.284. - 1.285-7. 1.286. 5. 1.287.
3 4 4
- . 1.288. '/. 1.289. | . 1.291. 1. 1.292. 0. 1.293. 0. 1.294.
0. 1.295. 0. 1.296. - 1 . 1.297. 1. 1.299. 1. 1.300. 0. 1.301.
. * . 1.302. ----- | - . 1.303. 2. 1.304. -2 ,5 . 1.305. 1. 1.306.
810 0,1:
- ^ . 1.307. 1. 1.308. 0. 1.309. 1. 1.310. 1. 1.311. 1. 1.312.
0 .1 .3 1 3 . 2 08 0,1. 1.314. 1. 1.315. 1. 1.316. 0. 1.317.
82 ( ^ - /3 |. 1.318. . 1.319. 0. 1.320. 1. 1.321. .
\3 ) 40
1. 322. 1.323. 2. 1.327. ) 2; 1; ) 2; )
10
1
; ) 2. 1.328. ) 1; / 2 - 2 . 1.332. ) 1;
2 ( + 10)
4
1; ) ^3 * / ) 5 4 ) 2 ) - 7 ) ~ 3 5
1 1 6 3
) 4 ; ) ; ) ; ) - . 1.334. ) ; ; )
5 25 4
; ) ; ; ) . 1.336.
08 . 1.337. . 1.338. . 1.339. 2 /3. 1.340.
2 / . 1.341. 2 /3. 1.342. 2 /3 . 1.343. 0.
1.344. 0. 1.345. 0. 1.346. 0. 1.347. 0. 1.349. \ . 1.350. 10.

1.351. 3,14. 1.352. ^ . 1.353. 3<. 1.354. /?. 1.355. ^ .

1.356. 1.357. - . 1.358. . 1.359. 0 . 1.360. 0 . 1.361.


/ V 1
. 1.362. - . 1.363. 1.364. 0 . 1.365. 40. 1.366.

( 6 0 - 2 ) . 1.367. ? /? . 1.368. - . 1.369. 0,5. 1.370. 1.


1.371. -0 ,5 . 1.372. 2 . 1.373. 1. 1.374. 0. 1.375. 2 . 1.376.
2/3. 1.377. 0. , 69 = 21, 79 = 8 1 .

571
. . .

1.378. 0. 1.379. 15. 1.380. . 1.381. 10. 1.382. 1.


.
. 1.383. &24. 1.384. - 1 . 1.385. 1. 1.386.
1. 1.387. 2. 1.388. - 1 . 1.389. ( - /3). 1.390. ( + /8).
1.391. . 1.392. . 1.412. 1. 1.413. 1-414. 1.

1.415. 1. 1.416. 1$. 1.417. \%. 1.418. . - . 1.419. 2.


31 2
1.420. -1 .1 .4 2 1 . 1.422. 1. 1.423. -1 . 1 .4 2 4 .------ . 1.458.
7
/. 1.459. -1 . 1.460. ^ . 1.461. 1. 1.462. 1. 1.463. 1. .

18 - = (5 | ) = 1-464. 1. 1.465. . 1.466.


1.467. 1. 1.468. 1. 1.477. . 3 = 1&2 30. 1.482. )
-
----- ^----- ; ) 2 -
7
;
, / - / ^ / '+ / ^
) ------ ^----- ; ) ^ ------ ; ) 2 - - ; )
^
^2~ - ^ . /+/ . -_ 119 .
----- ------ ; ) ------ ------ . 1.486. -0 ,9 3 6 . 1.487. , . 1.488.
4 4 1

3 . 1.489. -0 ,3 5 2 . 1.490. 1.491. ^ ^ ~ 492.


1-493- 1-494. 5. 1.495. -0 ,7 5 . 1.496. - - . 1.498.


1^ 4220

^7 7 . 1.499. 7 7 7 7 . 1.503. - 40. . 10


14 1 3
50 30 20 30 + 20.
( \
1.504. ' 2. 1.505. -0 ,6 . , = - - - 1 . 1-506.

_ ^ 7 2 ) ^ 507> - 2, 1.508. |. . =

= + | ^ . 1.509. ~ . 55 - =

= (25 - ) + 30. 1.510. ,4 3 + 25 >/3~. 35 + =


11
30 + (5 + ). 1.511. 1.512. | | . 1.513.

~2 ~ (VI 2 ). . 35 = 45 - 10. 1.514.

~2^ . 1.515. 1 - * - * 1 - 8. .

572
. . .

/ 3 - = ( + / 3 ) - ( + ). 1.516. - . 1.517. %2 = -

2/3 = . 2 = ( + ) + ( /3), 2/3 = ( + /3)


- ( - /3). 1.522. 60. 1.523. 45. 1.524. 135. 1.525. 45. 1.528.
225. 1.529. 135. 1.530. . ( /3).
1.534. ) 2; ) 2; ) ; ) 2 \/2~; 3) 5; ) /! 1.536. )

( + ) = ^ + ^. , + = ( + ) - ( - ), )

= 1. . 45 = (22,5 + ) + (22,5 - ), )
-
= 1 ) 2 = VI - 2 VI - . 1.539. )
1 +
12 2 = , 2 ; ) = 4 3* - ; ) 12 =
1 - 122
3 1 2 - 123
1.540. ) /3 + /3 +
1 - 3122
+ - /3 ; ) 1 2 ( + /3 + ) =

= + + - 18^16^ 8 1543 ) 8 2 12 .
1 - 1 2 ^ 8 ^ - 1 2 < *1 1 18/312 ' 8 2 2

. 2 8
) 2 - ; ) ; ) 2 5 5; 3) 2
!-1 8 28
. 2 212 3,5 . + /8 + /3
- 2 ; ) 1 _ 2 5 ; ) 2 11 1 ; )

2 27
2 0,5 - 2 0,5; ) 2 4 4; ) 6 2 ; )
1 27

2 - 15| - 1 5 |; ) 2 ( + | ) 2 ( + ) ;
12 .
//) 2 ^ - 2| ^ - 2 |; ) - ; ) ;
12 6 6

/>) 2 - 2 ; 1.545. ) 2 ; ) 12 2; ) 2 ; )

! 25; 3) 2 40; ) 1; ) !2 ; ) + ; )

573
. . .
) 11; ) 2 2/3; ) 4 0 ; ) 20^>; ) 2; ) 1. 1.547.
) 1; ) 4 4; ) 1; ) ; ) ; ) 4 2;

1 1
) - ; ) 2; ) 2; ) *8 2; ) 2; )
1
2 2 ; ) 1; ) 2; ) 12 ; ) 1; ) 2; *)

- 2/3; ) - !2 2; 0 ) 4; ) - 2. 1.549. ) ; )
. " . 2 " . 2 " . . 1
- - ; ) " : ) ; ; ) ; * ; 3 2 ;
2
9 ; ) ) -1 ; ) ) - - ; ) - - ; ) - - - ; )
"
; ) . 1.551. 4 2. 1.552. 2 !2 2. 1.553. 0. 1.554.

0. 1.555. % . 1.556. 1 2. 1.557. 2 ..1.558. 12 . 1.559.

4. 1.560. 2. 1.561. 2. 1.562. - - . 1.563. 12 2. 1.564. 12 2.


1.565. . 1.566. 0,512 2. 1.567. 12 2. 1.588. !24 . 1.589.

124 . 1.590. 122 2 . 1.591. 1.592. 124^ . 1.593.


2 2
!24 2 . 1.594. 124 . 1.617. . 1.618. - 20. 1.619.

2 . 1.620. 1. 1.621. 1. 1.622. !2 2. 1.623. -1 . 1.624.

- . 1.635. -2 . 1.636. 4. 1.637. 21 %. 1.638. - 2. 1.639.

-2 . 1.644. 2 = 0,5376, 2 = - 0,8432, 12 2 = .

1.645. 2 = , 2 = . 1.646. 12 2 = ,

12 4 = - 3 . 1.647. - . 1.648. - 0,98. 1.649. ! = ,

= ^ , 12 = ^ - . 1.6501 4* 1*651.
4+ 17 " 1.652.
25 7 4 18
. 116 - 2 5 3 . . 2016 . 837 . - 253 .
845 325 0 3713 1*653* ) 845 3 2 5 ' 1'654'
4 ( - 6) 2 + 2
2 = , 2 = 1.658. 0,96.
( + )2 ( + )2
574
. . .

1.059. 1,5. 1.660. 1.661. 1.662. 2 (3 + /). 1.663.


14
2
29 ( I ) " ( = I + 2 = ^
/29 * 4
4. . , -
5
. . 1.676. , - - =

. 1.684. = 2 - 1. 1.685. = 1 - 22. 1.686.

= 2 2 4 . 1.687. = - ^ ^ - . 1-688. 2 = - 4 6 +
+ \24 92 + 5. 1.698. . 18 18,
. 0 _ , . 1 + 08 2
154 1%18 . 1.710. ) ------- - ------- ; )
2

1 (80 + <) 1 - ( * ,- ! ) , + 2
; ) ; >
1 +
)
1+
I - 6 1 + 14 1 008 2
- -------- ; ) ------- ------- ; ) ----------- --; )

1 + 08' I- 2 |

1 008 2 1 + + 2<)
) . 1.712. ) 2 2 ; )
2 5 2

2 '5; ) 22 ; ) 2 2 2; ) 2 2 35; ) 22 ;

) 2 2
V - . 2 2
; ) 2 2 ; ) 22--;
10 4
8 15
) 2 2 25; ) 2 2 . 1.758. ^ = , = ,

(6 2 = ^ = - , = - . 1.760. * =

- 1 | = . 1.761. 1 | = - 0,2. 1.762. =


. 1 - , - . / /
= 7 1,763 81 ^ > = - - , 16 = - - .
, . . /- 1 1
1.764. = , = . 1.765. . 1.766. - .

575
. . .

1.767 , \ . 1.768. - , > 0. 1.771. ) ^ ; )


2 * 2
+ ' 2 -
; ) 2 + \^3~; ) ; ) - (1 + )\ )

1-
- 1. 1.772. . 1.777. - 2 . 1.778. 2. 1.779.

81 ( -! ) . 1.780. 2 |08 (45 - ) | . 1.781. . 1.782.

^ -. 1.783. ^ 2 . 1.784. / 2 \%. 1.785. 2. 1.786. 2. 1.787.


V 2 08 . 1.788. 2 1.789. 0. 1.790. . 1.791.

2 . 1.792. -, 2 ^ ^ ; , ^
4 4
< ^ 4. 1.801. 1.802. 3 + 2 /2 3 - 2 1.803. ',

0 ^ ^ 1; , > 1. 1.806. ) 1 2 ^ + | ;

12 ^ - | ; ) 12 25; ) 12 (30 - ); 3) 12 ^ ^ . 1.807. )

12 ; ) 1; ) !2 1.818. ) 2 35 15; )~2 10


26; ) 2 20 8; ) 2 4; ) 0; )
2 4 ; ) ) 2 16 4; ) 2 ~~ ; )
2 40 40
571 71
2 ^ ; ) ~ 2 ; ) 2 2 5; )
. . 5/3 3/3 . . 9 . ., . ,
2 - - ; ) - 2 ; ) - 2 4 6 ; )

51
. 11 5 . 32 60
208' 2 ~ 05 ; > 15* 17*
; )
5 2 ; )

40 81 40
; )
24 16' ; < - 7 7 55 15' 1 71 ; )
2
7 4 . ( 2 + 3/3) .
4 5 81 2 3/3 *

576
. . .
81 4
) 1-820. ) 2 ; ) 2 / ? ; )
81 $ 81X
2

);1
) 2 %2; )
( + ) ( - )
; )

; ) 2 / ; ) \^3~ ; ) ; )
2 ( - 30)
- . 1.822. ) >/2~ 25; ) >/2~ ; ) 5; )
17; 1
2 23; ) 2 - ^ - ; ) 2 ^ ; )

^ 1 ( - |) ; ) 2 \ + | ) ; )
38 / ' . . , _ . , , .
- ^ ^ ; ) -----------------; ) 2 15 ( - 15 );
12 50 , 5^ , ,
2 5 8
. ( \ - . ( . \ . ( \
) 2 I - 1. 1.824. ) 4 I + I I - I;
^ . ( \ ( . , . ( \ ( \
4 1 2 + ^ - *> +
^ - ^ ^ + ^ \ ( - ^
; )

48( +1) ( - ! ) ; 2',51( ! -| ) 8(1+1);


2 + ) ( , \ I* \
> ------ 15------ ; *> 4 I + ^ 4:08 _ ) : >

48,0 ( 2 * 1 2 ) 810 ( * # 4,1 --------^ -------- ' 919-


1
( 20 + 10). 1.920. 48 + 84. 1.921. +
13
+ . 1.922. + 5. 1.923. ( + 4/3) +

+ ( - 2/3). 1.924. ^ ^ ^ + ^ ^ | . 1.925.

2 + (2 + 2). 1.926. 2 + 2/3. 1.927. ^ ( 55 -


1
25). 1.928. + . 1.929. ^ ( 2 + 10).

19 577
. .

1.930. 28 - 12 . 1.931. ^ (8* ~ 8* 30)- 1-932.

^ ( 4 - 8 52). 1.933. | ( 26 - 122). 1.934. -

. 1.935. 2/3 - 2. 1.936. ^ ( 2 8 ).

1.937. 1.938. . 1.945. 8+ 12


'
8 4 + 24. 1.946. 5 + 35 - 1 5 ---- . 1.947.

10+ 14+ 1 8 - 42. 1.948. ^ ^ 25+ 75+


VI") 1
+ 5 1. 1.949. ( 2 + 2/3 - (2 + 2/3) - 1).
1 1 + 4
1.950. ( 2 + 4 - 6). 1.951. . 1.967.

1.968. 1.969. . 1.970. . 1.971. 0,5. 1.972.

. 1.973. 1.974. . 1.975. 0 . 1.979. 2 + 4 +


+ 6 + 8 + 10 + 12 + 14 + 16. 1.980.
2 4 - 2 2 - 6 + 8 - 10 + 1. 1.981.
^ (1 - 6 - 8 + 10). 1.994. = , =

= - |, = 1-995. -0 ,8 . 1.996. 1.997. - 0 ,2 4 .

1.998. ^ . 1.999. - ? . 1.1000. 2 - \ . 1.1001. 2 . 1.1002.

. 1.1003. . 1.1004. | . 1.1007. . 1.1008. 4 1-09.

1.1010. - 4 . 1.1011. 2. 1.1012. 2. 1.1013. 41{;.

1.1014. 4 . 1.1015. 25 . 1.1037. 2^ . 1.1038. 1.


4 2
1.1039. 8 . 1.1040. 1 4. 1.1041. - 7 8. 1.1042.

2 . 1.1043. 2 *2 2 . 1.1046. \^2~ ^2, . 1.1047.


^ (4 45). 1.1048. 2 '/ (45 ). 1.1049.
2 (45 - ). 1.1050. 4 2 + | - |.

578
. . .

/ \ 2 72~ 2 - ( ^ - ]
1.1051. 2 1 - ? . 1.1052. ---------------- - ----------
6)
1.1067. - 1.1068. 1 2. 1.1069. 1. 1.1070. 1. 1.1071. 1. 1.1072.

^ . 1.1073. 2^ . 1.1074. 2 . 1.1075. - 2 . 1.1076. - 1.

1.1087. 1. 1.1088. \%2. 1.1089. \%4. 1.1090. 1.1091.

2' ^ - 2 082 2 7 2 (-7 + < 2 ^


------------- >-* ^---------- . 1 .1 0 9 2 .---------------^ --------}---------- ?-.
2
1.1106. .
2 3 . 1. 1210. 2 . 1. 1211. 1. 1212.
+ _ + /3 _ ____9 27
81 , 1.1213.
7130 2 ' 7 (
622 , . 2
1.1214. ( + /3) = - ----- ( + / 8) = -=----------- ; . 1.1218.
4 2 + 2 2 + 2
= 60, /3 = 30. 1.1219. = 30 = 150. 1.1225.
+ = /3 + = , + /3 + = . 1.1226. + /3 +
+ = . 1.1229. + / 3 = | . 1.1230. + / 3 + = . 1.1236.
. . 1.1241.
.
71
2 . 1.1244. = 2, 2 , 5 = ; * 2,

. ( + 1)
8 ~ 2
5 = . 1.1245. = , 2 ,
. <2
82
, 2 ,
5 = ; ^ , 5 = -:---. .
2
2 . 1.1246. ,
7 __ _ ^ 7 _ ( + 1 )
5 = ; ^ , 5 = -------------- ^--------- * .

1.1247. = , & 2 , 5 = 0; * ,
_ 812 _
5 = :------ . 1.1248. = , & 2 , 5 = 0;
8

579
. . .
, _ 81 8 ( + 1 ) _ .... _
* , 5 = ------------ *----------- . 1.1249.
81
= + 2, & 2 , 8 = ; + 2,
, , , _, (2 + 1)
^ + -!) 108 ---- ^*
2
5 = . 1.1250. = + 2,

2 08

/, -
& 2 , 5 = 0; *- IV +I 2,
,
IV

+. (/-- 1 .)\
81- 1 ( 2 + 0
" 181|---------\<
5 =

2$

1.1251. = , 2 , 5 = 0; * , 5 = - -
81 ( + 1 ) ^ ^
------------- -*-------1 . 1.1252. 2 , 5 = ;
2 81
. (2 + 5 \ (2 - 3\

= , & 2 , 5 = 0; * , 5 = 1.
. , 25 8 = 1 2. 1.1254. )
. , . , ( + 1)
8 81 2 ^ . 81 ( + 1)
-------- + --------- :-*------- 1---------- .
2 4 8
2 8111

( ( 8 + 8 2 + . . . + 8 ) 2

. 2 2 ( + 1)
512 082^
(8 2 + 8 2 2 + . . . + 8 2 ) ) ; )
2
28111 2
81 08 ( + 1 )
4 8 4 '
2{ + ( - 1)
81' 81 (1
1.1255. ) 5 = -. .
. *
82
. (I . (1 . . .
81 * 0 25 81 = 2 8181, + 2 81812 + ... +

580
. . .
. 2. + ( - 1)
8 _ . 8 -------------- - --------------

+ 2 ^ ; ) 5
.
82
& 1 _________ 1_________
1.1258. .
( + 1)
\% \% ( 2 + 1)
= ^ (< + !) 1259 2
1.1260. 5 = ^7 1%. . .
2 2
1&2 = -|( 1 8 * - I I * ). 1.1261. 5 = 1 ( + 1) - ^ .

. 1 ^ .

1.1262. 5 = 1{; (2 + + 1) . 4 + =

= 2 = (2 + & + 1) - (*2 - + 1)
1 + (4 + 2 + 1) 1 + (2 + 1)(2 - + 1)

1.1263. 5 = * +1 - ! 1.1264. 5 = ^ - .
2\ 1
.
.1 . 1 . V*2 + 2 - V*2 1
+ 1 ( + 1)
1.1275. .
+ = (4 + 4 )2 2 4 4 .

1.1266. 1.1280.
.
81 = 4

1.1286. .
2 + 2 ( + /8) 2 /3 ( + /3) =
= 2 + 2( + /8) - ( ( + /?) + ( - /8)) ( + ) =

= ( + ) ( /3) = ------ -----------

- ^ ( 2 - 2/3) = ^ (1 + 2/3) = 2/?.

581
. . .
1.1309. . 4 = (,
/( ( ) = 41 I 2. 1.1310. .
(1 - 2 ) 2 (1 + 2 ) ^ ^ . 82 = I ..

1.1315. .
+ X+
208 08 * - - 2 082 + 1-
2 2 2

4- 2* +. - 4
-------
+ , _
~ -^ + 1 > 0 .
2 2 2
+
= I,

/( ( ) = 412 - 4 * - 1.

1.1321. . (1 + 512 ) ( 1 + 2 ) > 1,

--------------- ---------------- < 3.


(1 + 2 ) ( 1 + 2 )

1.1333. .
1.1325 1.1316. 1.1334. .

V
( + ) + ( - _

( ) ( + /3)

V
= V 1 + ( ) -
2 ( + / ? )
( + /3)

..
( + )
1.1347. .
1.1342. 1.1351. .
:

+ + = 1 + 4 ^ ^ ,
* *

582
. . .
II
.. ) :
* ; ) :

. , / () =
/ ( ) = / ( * + 2), = 2 (/) - 2 & ( / ) ;
) . ,

1, 6 2 ,
, 6 \ 2

,
; ) .
, 2
4 + 1, 2 , /( 2 ) = 0, / ( 4 + 1) = 1.
= 2, 4 + 1
= 4. , / ; )
/ , , .
.
, 2 . , / ( ) = ,
/ ( - ) = / ( + ), ! = /. .6.
. = . .11. ( ) =
= * 0 . / () / ( * ) = / ( * - ) =
= / ( + ), #
/ ( * ) , / ( - 71), / ( + ). * ( /( * ) ) - 8 ( /( - )) =
= # ( / ( + )). .20. .

. 0. ,
/ , ,
\ = *0+ / } ( / ) . - / ) ( / ) , .. 0 (/)
. .22, ) . /
9 = 0; ) .
2 + 2
=
2+5 + 8
, /
, ; ) . = 0
/. , | | > 1 ; )
. 1 - . , /() = 2

583
. . .
= . 08 + 08 \^2~ 2.
| 11 < 1,
08 1, \ = 2, 6 2 ,
' 8 \ ,2- = 1, ' ' = 2, 2 .
= = , = . ,


'/ - 2 = 2 , >= . - 6 0 , -


. 11.35. ) . 2 -
. / 7\
( + ) + ' ( + ) = + .
= 0, + ' = 2 .. (.
11.22, ); ) . /
.
( + ) + ( + ) = + . (*)
(*) = 0, + = 0.

= ( - 1 ) * +1 + , = . -
- (- 1 )* +1
(*) = 1 = 3.

1 = (1 + ) - 7 \ 3 = (3 + ) - .
3 - 1 = (3 + ) - (1 + 71),
2 1 2 = 2 1 (2 + 71), 2 = (2 + 71).
&
, = ^7 -
( - 1)
; ) . /
.
( + ) + ( + 71) = {} + .
= , = .
{} + = 1,
{ - } + = 1.

{ } = {}. :
1) . {} = 0 = 1 - {} = 1,
= 2, 4 6 2 0, ! .

584
. .
2) . [ ] = , [ - ] = - - 1.
{) = - [ ] = , { - } = - - [ - ] = - +
+ + 1 = ( - ) + 1 = 1 {}. ,
{} = { - }, {7} = 1 {}, {) = ^ , ..

+ ^ , . , .

8 = 1 {}, = ^ , = + 2 . -
, ;
) . ( + ) + { + ) =
= + {} = 0. + {} = 2.

= 1, = , 2 ,
' {} = 1, |{ } = 2, .2 .
0 5 {} < 1, = , , .
, = 2, ^ 0 2 , ..
; ) . /
. ( + ) + { + } = + {}.
= , = .
+ {} = 0 - + { ) = 0.
{} + { - ) = 0, {} = ( - { - }),
{} = ( 1)*+1 { - } + , 2.
:
1) = 21, I 2 . {} + { ) = 2/,
0 < {71} < 1,
1 = 0. {} + { - } = . ,
.35, ) { } = 1 - {1} , .. {} + 1 { ) = 0
. = , ^ .
( + ) + { + } = + {}.
( + ) + {} = + {}, ( + ) = .
,
, , = ^ 0. 81 ( - ) = ,
= 0. ^ 0 .
2) = 2 1 + 1 , 1 & 2 . {} ) = 21 + .
- {}
;

585
. . .
) . / .

( + ) + ( + ) = () + .
= 0, ( ) + = 2.
() ^ 1 ^ 1,
,
( ) = 1,
- = 1.
,
; ) . /
.
( + ) + 81 ( + 71) = () + 51 X.

= .

/> +81? = 2? " 81?


. .
, 81 =-81 ,

= 2, 2 * 0. !
.
( + 2) + ( + 7) = () + ,

/ ( + 2) = ().
,
( ) , . 11.39. ) .
/'(* ) = 2 . / ' ,
, ..
; ; ) . *
11.22, ); ) . . 11.27; ) .
. 11.22, ). 11.41. ) . ,
( )
/; ) . , ,
2 ^ 0 , . 11.45. ) .
0 < < /. { ( + ) + } =

586
. . .
= { + }. = ,
{ + } = {}. , > ,
1
= , N. = , .. ^ . 11.46.
. 2 2: < 1
) ; 2 5 ) 1; 3) 3)
) ; ) )
) ^ . .48. . 11.47 7\ = 2.
11.50. . .

(0; 1), { = + .
/ ( ) = / ( * + 7^ = / ( + + ) = / ( + ),
/ ( ) = / ( - 7^ = / ( - - ) = /( - ).
, . 0 < < .
( ). 11.51. .
7\ = 2 = . 11.48. 11.53.
.
/ \ - * = + *^2"
| , + \^2~;

{ V , = + ",
^ | , * + /2,
. (. 11.41,
, <?). , /
1 *, / + #
1 + . , / ) ( / ) ,
(/).

/( ) / ( + ) = / ( | + ^ ) .


/( ). 11.55. , .
, /( ) = - 1 #() = *
. / + . 11.56. ,
. , /( ) = {} # ( ) = .
/ ( ) + () = + {} (. .34).
.57. , . , /() = + 51

587
. . .
# ( ) = + (. 11.27).
, / ( ) + # ( ) = 2
. 11.58. . / ( ) = + (\^2~)
(. 11.22, , #( ) = 1 - 8(2)
. / () + %() = 1 + . 11.59.
. / ( ) = + 2 () = 1 -
, 2;.
/ ( ) + # ( ) = 1 + 2 . 11.60.
. / ( ) = 1 + # ( ) = 1
. / () + # () = 2
. 11.61. )
( , / ( ^ ( ) ) ); )
, . ,
/ ( ) = , () = , / ( ()) =
(. 11.25, ); ) ,
. ,
.
1, 2*0,
/ ( * ) = * 2, 8() =
- 1, < 0.

/ # . ,
/ ( 5 ,()) = 1 . .62. . ,
/ ( ) = 2, () = . # 2,
/ ( # ( ) ) = 2 . 11.63. .
. 11.64. .

{ = / 2 = 1 - , { + 2 = 1
. . 11.66. ) 4; ) 10;
) 2; ) ; ) 176; ) 6; ) 36; ) 2; ) 14; ) 60. 11.68.
) = 0; ) = 0. . * 0, /
1 = 0; ) < 0.
. ^ 0, /
; ) = 1. . * 1,
/ , ,
/; )
/ . ( , = 1,
/
588
. . .
(-1; 1)); ) = 1; ) = 2; ) = 0.
. * 0, /
, ; ) = 0.
. ^ 0,
11.30; /) = 0. 11,70. ) , ; )
. . , <2 = 0 .
/; )
; ) , ; ) = - 1 ; ) > 0;
) . 11.73. ) ; ) = 2, 2 .
. , =
. = 0, .
2
, = ; ) = ,
2
2; ) = ^ , . .
, - ( ( + )) =
= (). = 0, () = I) (0) = 1.
, , .. = , = ^ ,

0 . = ^ . / ( ( + )) =

- (* (* + *>) - ( * + ) - () - >


; ) = , 7; ) ^ , 2 ; ) = 0.
. . 11.71. 11.76. ) = 0. . * 0,
/ ; ) = 0; )
= 2, (). . /
2
( = 0 ),
# 1. ,
, = {
. . .
<2; ) = 2 2, & ; ) = , ^ , )
= 1, 0, . . . .75. .78. $ ,0 ,.

II!

.. . 1.4. .
, = . .5.
( ). ,
= V 2 . .6. , .
, = ,
= !, ,
. 1.7.
. . . 107. 0
, . 107
,
. 1.9. . 6, 8, 9,
10, 12. . ); ); ); 3); ); ); ),
; ); ), 2) () [1; ) () = [ - 2; - 1 ] ;

[ ] 2>() = -
2 5 ] ; 0> ^
()=[0;] () = [ - ; 0 ] ; ) ; ) .15. )
, 3 1 3 2 *
= - - 2 ; ) = - 5 + ^ ; ) = ) = ^ *

= ; ) = 3; ) = - - ; ) = 2, 2> () = [0; );
) = 2+ 3, 2) () = [; ); ) = "- 2; ) = 2 + - 2 .
. :
= ( - 2)2 + 2. ( 2)2 = 2. ,
5 2, - 2 = - 2 , = 2 + - 2; ) = 2 -
- 2 - 2, 2) () = [1; ); ) = - 2 + 4 - 1, 2) () =
= ( - ; 2]. III.22. = 5. .
___________
: ( 2) + 24 = ( - 2) - 24.
______
= \ + 2 4 = 24
. .23. = . .

: (3 + 3) + 6 = ( + )3 - 6.
= * + 6 = 3 6

590
. . .
. III.24. = - 5. .
5_____
/( ) = 5 + , # ( ) = - , /
# .
: 5 + = . III.29. ) ; ) ,
51 ; ) , ,
2
8 = - 1; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; )
; ) ; ) ; ) . .34. ) ; ) ; ) ; )
; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) . 111.38. ) ;
) ; ) ; ) ; ) ; ) : ) ; ) . .39. )
, ^ . _ _ 1 2 _ _
I ) 0 I ) 2 > ) 0; 3) 2 ^ 2 * ^ 0, ) 3 *^

) 0; ) 0; ) -1 ; ) - ) -1 ; ) ) )

) ) .41. > [0; 2]; ) [ - | - 1 ; 1 -|];

) - 2 ] ^ [ ; ); ) ^0; ) *1; 2^: ) ^3; _1^;


) [-1 - ; 1-]; ) ( - ; - - 4 ] | [ - 4; ); )

(- | ; ) [0; 1]; ) [2; 3]; ) ; )


( - ; - 5) ( - 5; ); ) [3; ); ) ; )
( - ; _ 7 ) ( _ 7 ; ); ) [ - 2 ; ); ) [0; 2]; ) {1}; )
[1; ). .44. ) [0; ]; ) [; 2]; ) ^ + 1; ^ + 1 | ; )

[2; 2 + ]; 3) [ - ^ - 2; ^ - 2] ; ) [ 3; 3]; )

^4; ^ + 41 ; ) ^2; ^ ; ) () = {0}. .


- ^ 0,
= 1; ) ; ^

[; ); ) [^; ); ) [/; ): > [* ); >


(2 " 1 ; 2 + | ) ;> <4 ; + 4); ) ( - ; - | ) (I* );

) ( ; ) ; ) (0; V I ) ; 0 - 1.47. ) = - 1; )
; ) [-1; 1]; ) [-1; 1); ) [-1; 1]; ) ;

591
. . .
) * 1 ; ) [-1; 1]; ) [-1; 1); ) [-1; 1]; ) (-1; 1]; )
. .50. ) 1; ) = 1; ) = 1; )
. .51. ) 0 ( ) [1; 1]; ) () = { - 1 } ; )
()[-1;1]; ) >() = {1}; ) >() = [ - 1 ; 1]; )
() = { 1}; ) () = ; 3) ( ) = ; ) ( ) = 0 ; )
() = {0}; ) () = {0}; ) () = {1}; ) () = { - 1 ; 1}.
2 + 1
. > 0 , - ^ 1,
2 + 1 <
1; < 0,
2 " - 1,
= - 1.
.53. ) \ ; ) ; ) 4; ) 5; 5) ? ; ) ^ ; ) ^ ; ) . 1.55.
5 4 4 2
1 5 5 2
) 2 4 * 2 ) 3 ~ 1; ; > [-3; -1 ].
.
; ) [0; 2 ]; ) ; ) ^ . .

_ 4 * - 11 1,
* = 1,

) 2; ) 4. .57. ) -1 1; ) 1; ) < 0 >0; )


- 1 ^ ^ 1; ) - 2 ** 0; ) - 4 $ - 2; ) - 6 ^ ^
2 5 4
< - 4; ) > . .60. ) ; ) ) ; ) ) 3,14;
. , . 2 / . . 4 . / \
) 1; ) ; ) . , = I I; )
7 11: 11\ 4
. =
9 ' - / 5*) ; <)
- 3; ) 2 3,14; ) 5 2; ) 15 - 4. .62. ) ^ - -
3 >/2~ . _
2 ~ 4 : ) 2 _ "2"; ) 2 ~ ~ 4 ~ ' ) 2 ~ 8 : ) 2
. 13 15 5 9 11
) 2 " '2 ; 3) 2 " 9"; ) ~2 ~ 85 > " 12? ) ^ ~ 17

592
. . .
V 56
) - 11. .65. ) | ; ) .68. )
) 65
+ 22 352 24 , ,
--------9--------; ) 2 5 ' ) 377 ) 2 5 - -

^2 ^ = 2 ^ ^ ;

7 120 7 3 . 5 1 2
)
25 169 25 4 ^ //26~'
26"' 111,71 ) ^5~
X \ _ 56
) - ) - .74. ) ; )
\ / ; ) " 65
7 ^ 61 , 60
>/50" ) 28 9 ) ; ) 5 ; ) ~ 5 ; ) 109 ; 3) 5 ; ) 7 '
/ " - 1 37 4 + 3 22 1 1
) V 2\ 0" ; ) 85 )

10 ) 2 5 5 0> ,77
) 2; ) - - 3- ; 0) - ; ) - 5". .80. ) ; )

/ 3 /-, . 2 . 2 + 2 \/( 33
V ; ) ^ + 3 ; ) 5 ) 2; ) 7 = 7 ' ) ~ 52
) - . .82 ) .
.3 .5 6 5
: = - .

[ ; , ..
, = ,
,
. .86 ) 0 ^ ^ 1 ; )
( - ; ) (0; ); ) 1 < < 1; ) & 1; ) = 0. 92
1 ^ , ^ 1
) ) 2 ; ) 1; ) -1 ; ) ^ ; ) 1% 1; ) - 1 81 ;
, 3 27 + 15 + \ 1 .
)- ) 0 ; ) 2 ^ > ------- ; ) ; ) - 2 811 5 ;
. 1 2 4 . 1 . 25 , 4 . . . 2
) - ; ) 5 & ~ 2 + 5 > ) - 4 - 31; )

\ - ^ | ; ) 0; ) 0. .94. ) 1; ) - ; )

20 593
. . .

) - ^ ; 3) -2 ; ) 5; ) 1 2; ) 1 5. .96. ) ^ ;

) 3; ) 18 ^ 18 ^ I ) !8 2 !8 .

.98. ) ) 1; ) ) - ^3. .100. ) , )

1 ^5- 1
; ) 0 1; ) 0; 3)
1 0 ................. *' *' VV 2
. .

0 ^ ^ 1; ) III. 102.

) 0; ) 0 ^ ) 0; ) 1; 3) 0. III. 106. ) )
1 1 1
; <) ; ) ; 3) ; ) 1 2; ) -1 . .
2 2 2 4
-

18 (!8 2 + 18 ) = 18 ,

18 !8 2 + 18 !8 _ 5
= 1.
1 - 1 8 !8 2 18 !8 ~ 1 - 2
1
= I.

. , = -- -

.
, = -


. - 1 - < !8 ( - 2) <

- 2 < !8 ( - 3) < - . < !8 ( - 2 ) + !8 ( - 3 ) <

< - ^ . , = - 1

; ) !8 ^ + , & 2 . .

+ !8 | = - + 18 | ,
-
594
. . .


+ *8 * )-( -

6
+ \& = + \%.

\%,

\%
6

,
.
III. 108. ) 0 * < - ^ + ^ ; )

) < 1 - * . ) | - ^ < < 1 ; ) | <

< : + ; ) < - 11; ) > 2 - '/. .112. ) * = * <


7 14
1 1 4* ^5"" 3
< ^ ; > I < ^ - ; ) ; ) <
> 1; ) ^ - 1 0 < ^ 1.

IV
.35. ) . =
51 X

+ , 6 2 . 1.38. )-) .
; ) .
4 + 4 = (2 + 2* )2 - 2 2 2 =
1 - 4 1 , ,3
= 1 - 2 2 = I - ------ 4---------- 4 4 + - ;

) , + = '/ | + ^ | . 1.41. )

. ( ' )2 = 5 0; ) .

595
. . .

- 05 X
2 2
) . 2 - 4 |1| + 4 = ( | \ - 2)2 =
= 11 I - 2 1 = 2 - 181 I.
IV.44. ) , = 1,

) (; 0), 2 ; )
= 0, () = { | = 2, 2}; ) = 1,
;
) .
= 2 = 2 ; ) = 1, 2 ) ( ) = [ - 1 ; 1]. 1.49. )
.
71
= 31, 2 ) () = | | * + , 2 ;
) , = | | ,

) = 4,

) = , 2> () = { | * + 2, 2 } ; )

2 }. IV.50. ) . (* ) = .
1.54. ) . ( ) = VI - 2 ; ) .
(^ ) = ^ ; ) , (2 ) = 22 - 1

| | ^ 1. .60. ) . ^" = 1^=-.

596
. . .
V
.6. ( - 1)* ^ + | , 2 . . ( 1)*+1 + | , & 2. .8.

(-1 )* | + , 6 2. .9. 0. .10. ( - 1 ) +1^ + ,

. .1 1 . ^ + , . .12. + :, . .13.

| + 1*, . .14. 0 . .15. 0 . .16. ^ - +


9 3
+ :*, . 7. 0 . .18. 4 + 2, 2 . .19. 4 + ^ > 2 .
4 2
. ^
.20. 2, . .21. + - ^ , ^ 6 2 . .22. | , .
2 3

.23. | + , . .24. ^ + ^ . . .25. ^ + 2,


^ 3
2 2
. .26. 18: + , . .27. ^ 185 + ^ ,
, ,
. (-1)*8 + | + , . .29. ( - 1)* 3 + 4 +

+ , . . . - + - ^ . .31. + 2*, .
6 2 4

.32. \ - + , 2 . .. | + |: , . .34.
2 3 12 3

? 4 + 2, . .35 ? + 2:, . .36. - - +


6 4 3
+ 2&, 2 . .37. 2 . .38. ! 7 + 1 + /:, 2,
.39. - ^ 18 2 + + , . .40. - | + , .

.4 1 . ^ + , . .42. - + , . .43. +

+ 2 + ^ , . .44. - 4 + , . .46. - 4 ,
2 4 4 + ( - 1)*

* 2 - '4 * - -48- * 2 - -49-

- * 6 2 ' -50- * ' * 2 ' '52' (? + 2* ;


1 + 2 ] 2, N {}, . .53. :22, {}.

597
. . .

.54. ., *<=*. . { + ^ 1 . .56.

64
(8 + I)2
1, N {0}. .60. ',
* ' ^ < 4 + .

N | {0}. .61. *\/^ +, * ~ ^ - , N )


{}, N. .62. \ 4 + 1 , {0}. .63. 0 . .64.

2 + 1 _ .7. . /1 . $:2 = 1 ,
V - 2 -
, 1N6 {0}. . ,
[812 = - 1 ,

*2= ! + 2, ,
2 = -^ + , ,
= - + , ,

- 2 // +2 /" . .
.. .65. + -~5 4- 12 > * 6 1 1 { 0 } ,

- - 3 -1 " "' ' ,-67- ^ '


}. .69. ( 1)*+1^- + , . .70. , .

1. ? + 2, . 2. 0 . .73. ^ + , .

.74. ( - 1 ) * $ ^$ ^| + , . .75. ^ + 2,

. 6. ( - 1 ) * ^ | + , . 8. 1 . .79. 0.

.80. 1. .81.
" .82, 1. . ------- ~ = ,
1 + 2
2 2
= . ( !,
1 +2 1 +2

2
= 1,
1+
2
= - 1*
1 +

598
. . .

= 1. .84. - | + :, 2 . .85. 2 . .86.

^ + ^ , 2 , ^ - + 2, <=2. .87. 6 2 . .88.

+ 2, 2 . .89. ^ + , 2. .90. - ^ + ,

6 2 . .91. + , 2 . .92. - 2 + , 2 , - + ,
4 2
]
. .93. 120 + 15 + 3 6 0 4 , 6 2 , .94. , 4 6 2 ,
, , \+1 ^
+ , . .95. "2 , , (-1) 2^ + - , .

.96. | + ^ , 2, ( - 1 ) ^ + ^ . 6 2 . .97.
4~
. .
51 4; 2* = 0,
= , ,
_ _
= , ,

=- + , .

= 4, ,
, = 2 / + 1, / ,
,
. .98. + ,
* *

, , , + , . .99* 2, , +

+ ^ , 2. .100. , 2, ^ + ^, 2. .101.
2

+ , 2 , + , 2 , + 2 , 2 . .
, 1 + 2 = 2 2 , : 2 2 + +
+ = 0; 2 2 + 2 $2 = 0; 2 ( +

+ 2) = 0 .. .102. , 2 , + 2, 2 .
. 2 2 = 2 ~2, 2 =
= / 2; 2 2^ - | = 0 .. .103. +

599
. . .
2. . 2 - 2 =
= 2. .104. ^ (1 VI + ), ^ }, ^ (-1
/ + 1 + 8 ), /}. .105. , 2,
- 1 2 + 3
N {}. .107. ( - 1 )*+1| + | + :

2. .108. ^ + + 2, 7 . .109. - + 2*.


3 4 4 4

2 . .110. - + ^ <=.2. .111. - + , 2 . .112.
2 2
2 &
( - 1 ) " | + 2 , 13- | + ^ 3 . * 2 . .114. 716
7 + "1
.
, . . _ _ ,
* 6 2 28 + " 2 , 15* 1 2 + * 2 , 28 + 7
62. .119. ? + 6 2. .120. ? + 2, 2.
3 3
.121. 0 . .122. ^ + 2, 2. 23. - | + 2, * 2 ,
: :
( 1) ~ + /, 2. .124. ( 1)* + &, 2,

( - 1)" + , 2. .125. ^ + 2, 2,

( - 1 ) +1 ^ + , 2. .126. + 2&, 2 , ^ + 2,

2. .127. ^ + ^ , 2 , ( - 1 ) +1- ^ + , 2 . .128.


18
^ + , 2. .129. | - ^ + 2, 2,

^ + 2, 2 . .130. ( - 1 )^ + , 2 . .131. - ? +
3 4
+ , 2, ! 3 + , 2. .132. , 2,
1 1
- ! ^ + , 2 . .133. ^ * + , 2,

I \ + ~ ' 2. . 12 = 1.
, _ 1 4
* 134. - + , 2 , 2 ~ 2 3 + ~2 2. .135.

^!(1 - ^3") + ^ , 2 , \ { - 1 (1 + )) + ^ ,

600
. . .

2. .136. ^ + 2, & 2 , ( - 1 ) " | + , 2 . .137.

( - \ ) ^ + , 2 . .138. (~1) +1 + , <=2. .139.

1, &2, | + :, 2. .140. (- 1 )* +1^ + , &2.


7 7 :
V. 141. ( - 1 ) - - - + , & 2. .142. - - + , & 2.
*
\ . . , & 2 , ( ~ 1 ) ^ + , <2. .144. - | + ( - 1 ) * ^ +

-, &2. .146. -7 + , , , &2. .147.


- + , 2. .148. - + , 2, ^ 2 + ;,
3 4
2. .149. ^ + &, 2 , - ^ + , .150. 2,
3
2. .151. ^ + 2&, & 2, ^ + 2:, 2. /-
1 1
;. - 1 - + 7 = 0, + 6 = 0,
2 032
= * .. .152. + , & 2 , ^ + , 2 .
4 3
.154. ^ , 2 . .155. - ^ 2 , 1& 2 +
2 2

+ , 2 . .156. ^ + , 2 , ^ + , 2 . .157.

- + :&, & 2 , + 1 3 + , &2. .158. ,
1 <
2 , - 1 ^ + , 2 . .160. 7 + $ , 2 . .161.
4 4 2

^ + , &2, ^ V 7- - ^ - _+ ;. . .162.

^ . 2 . . ({3 + ) + (*82 + 2) -
- 4 = 0, (1 + 18) (1&2 1 + \&2 ) + (1 + ! )2 - 6 =
= 0, 18 + 1 = .. .163. % -, 2 . .164.
4
2
1: ^ + 2, 2,, - ^ I + 2, 2 . .

601
. . .

5 | 8 - 1 + 2 | 9 2 + ) + 5 = 0. -
V &) \ 2 /
1 , 1 ,
3 ---------= , 9 ------- = 6 .
X X^
.165. + 2, 2 , ( 1)+1^ + , 2 . . -
*
1 >
+ = I .. .167. ( - 1 )* +

8X ' ' 10
+ ^ + , 2 . .168. 2, 2 , % + 2, 2 . .169.
4 2
71
2, 2 , + 2 , 2. , ( + ) (1
1 71
- ) = 1 .. .170. ( - 1)*+1 4- ,
71
2 . . 4- = X .. .171. - - + &,
4
, V10
^ 2, ------ ------- + 2, / 2 . . 2 -
4 4

- 2 ( + ) + =0, 2 - 2 ( + ) +

+ . = , + = < .. .172. 0 . .173.


5111 X X
- % + 2, 2. .174. ^ + 2, 2. .175.
2 4
<7 2 3
- + 2, 2. .176. - 1- + &, 2,
1 2~ _ . .
+ 2, 2. . 2(1% +
+ 1) = 3 (1 + 1) = 0,
( + ) + 3 ( - + ) _ ^

1
( + - )(21 + 3) = 0 ..
51 X
. , 2 , ! 2 + , 2 . .
+ , ,
- -------------- = I. .178. - + , 2 . .179,
- " '; 4

602
1
. . .

+ 2, 2 . .181. + , 2 . 82 ~ + , & 2.
4 4

.183. 5 + , 2 . .184. - ? + , 2 . .185. ! | +

+ , 2 . .186. - + , 2. .187. ~ 1 3,5 +

+ , 2 . .188. | { | + , 2 . .189. - 75 +

+ 180, . .190. - - + , . .

5,' ( ? - * ) = ( - ( ! + * ) ) - (? + * )
.192. ^ 2 + , , 18 3 + , 2. .193.

V + , , 1^ + , . V. 194. + , ,
4 2 4
1
1
- ! + , . .195. + , , - 182 +
2 2 2

| - , . .196. + 2, , 212 + 2, .

.197. + , , - | 1 8 + , 2 2 . .198. | +

+ , 2 . .199. + , 2. .200. + , & 2,


2 4
18 3 + , 2. , 2 = 2 . .201.

- + , 2 , *8 ^ + , 2 . *202* ^ 4- , 2?,
4 4
1 1
- *8 2 4- ,, 2 . .203* ^ 4- & 2 1 4-

+ , . .204. 1 ( - 1 ) + , . .205.

~~3 * ^ + , . .206. + ^. . -
. *4 .4 = (*2 - 2 )(*2 + 2 ) = 2.

.208. 1 3 + , 2 , 1 4 + , . .209. + ,

603
. . .

-1&3 4-, 2. .210. ^ + , 2,

^ ^ + :, 6 2 . .211. ^ , 2 , - !& ^ ^ , 2.

.212. 1 + , &2, - ^ + , &2. .213.

& ^1 + , & 2 . .214. , 2, ^ + , & 2 .

.215. ^ + , 4 6 2 , - 1 + ^. 6 2 . .216. - ^ +
4 4

+ , 2 , + , / 2 . .217. 4- 2 . .218.

V + 2 , ^ + , / 2 . .219. &, 2 , ^ 4- ,
4 3 4

2. .220. + ;/:, 2, 1& 7 + , 2,


!& 3 4 , 2 . .

2 ( 2 - 10 -I- 21 2 ) = 0,
= 0,
. ..
51" - 10 31 X 4- 21 X = 0

.222. -5 + ? , *2, ^ ! 2 + ^ , . .223.


2 2 2

1 2 + , 2 . .224. ~ + , & 2 , - + ,
4 6
. .225. - | + 2, , | + , . .226.

? + , , ^ + , . .228. ? + , . -
3
2 2 + 5 2 2 + 4 + 2 - 2 = 0,
2 - 2 = 5 2 2 + 4.
7
( 2 + 2) .. .229. + , , +
4
+ ^ , . .230. ^ + , . .231. ^ , . .232.
2 2 2
, , ^ _ ^ 1 2
4- , & 2 , 4- , 2. .233. +

604
. . .
3
* - , 2. .235. + 2&, & 2 , 2 ! ^ + 2, 6 2 .
- 4
.236. 2 1 + 2, .2 . .237. 2 1 ^ + 2&,

2, 2 * 1 + 2 , & 2 . .238. + 4, 6 2 , ^ +
^
_ 7
- 4, 2 . .239. + &, & 2 , + , 2 . .240.
24 24
2 2 2
- + - , 2 , - + _ , 2 . .241. 150 + 360&,
: 1
60 + 360, 2 . .242. + 4*, * 2 , + 4,

2. .245. 5 + ^ . <16 2 . .246. - + , & 2 .
7 7& 7 7 7&
.247. ^ + 62, ^ +, 62. .248. + ^
4 4 2
&
2 . .249. 7 + ^ 2 . .250. ^ + ^ ,* 2 ,^ + ^ ,
4 2 12 4
__ . . _ _ _ _ _
2 . .251. + ~ , 2 , + , 2 . .252. + -- ,
4 2 2 6 3
*2, ^ + 2. .253. (- 1 )* +1 1 ^
6 2

462. .254. ^ + , & 2 . .255. ^ +

+ ^ , & 2 , % + , . 2 . .256. ? + 4 6 2 , ^ +
2 6 6 3 14

+ ^ , 6 2 . .257. | + , 2 , ^ + 2, 2 . .258.
*
+ 2 , 2, + 2 , 2. .259. ^ + ~ -, 2,
3 24 6

+ > 2. . 16 = 4, 16 -
40 10
- ^ - 4 | = 0, 2 ^10 - ^ | + ^ | = 0 .. .260.
1 __ / _ __ _ ^. 5 5 _
I: ^ + &, & 2, + , 2 . .261. + - > 2,
5 5 , 5 5& , _ ^ 5
18 + - - , 2 . .262. + - , 2, ^

605
. . .
1 - . __ _ __ .
X ------ --------- 1- 5, 6 2. .263. -- + - - , & 2, - +
4 4

+ , 2 . .264. , 6 2 , + , 2 , .

1 2 1 05 4* 1 - 6 1 8
= 0,
2 + 2 2 2
( 6 + 8 ) - ( 2 + 4 ) = 0 ,
2 1 - 2 = 0,
2 ( 7 - ) = 0 ..
,, , _ _ , _ _ 2 ,
.265. -^ + , 2 , 2 + , 2, ^2 + 3 + ~3 ~
. _ . , . * _
2 , .266. ~ , & 2 , ~~ <2.
2*
.267. 5 * 2 9
. .268. 7
4
+ ^2 , , ^10 + . .269. -^ 12
+
+ , ^ 2, + , 2 , ~ , #2 2. .270.
4 2
, __ _ 7 __ __
+ , & 2, + - - , 2, + ; , 2 . .272.
14 7 4 2 2

^ + , . 2 . .273. ( - 1 ) * +1 ^ +? +$ , 2 . .274.

+ ^ + , 6 2 . .275. , 2 . .276. ^ ^ , 2.

.211. | + ^ , & 2, - 7 7 +^ , 2 . .280. 7 + *,


12 3 2

2. .281. 7
/
, 2, 7

+^ ,

2. .282. | ^

,
* 7 / ^ , > _
, & 2 , .283. ^ + - , & 2, ~ + ~- , /2 2.
12 1 4
.284. - 60 + 180%, 2, 40 + 180%, 2 , .285.
45 + 180%, * 2, - 75 + 180%, 2. .286. -10 + 180%,
& 2 , - 1 0 + 180, 2. .287. 7 + &, 2 . .288.

* 2. .289. ^ , 2. .290. ^ , * 2. .291.
30 10 10 4

606
. . .
. _ _ ,_
4 ^ 2 4 + 2 2. .292. -1 + , 7,

_ 1 + ^ + 6 2 ' '293, * | + > - -294* *


6 , ^ + , . .295. ^ + :, 4 6 2 ,
4 3
^
1 1 1 1
,

/ I . .296. ^- + , . .298. ^ ^ , ,
4
1
, 2. . ( 4 - 8) 4 +
12 +
1 , 1
+ ^ 12 = 0 , 4 - 8 4 + 12 = 0, 24 -

- )- 12 - \ 4 + \ 12 = 0, 2 4 - ^ 4 = 0
* * * * * *
.. .299. , % + . .300. ^ +

: X, + , & X. .301. ( 1)* + - - , X. .302.

| + ^ , . .. , | + ^ , . .305.
- + 2, . .306. | + 2:, 2 , ^ + , 62.

1 + 2 , 1 / 1 1 + 2
. ------ ------- + ( ) = 2 ------- ^-----
2
2 + 1 + - = 2 + 2 - 1, 2 - ( +

+ ) = 0, 2 - 2 2 = 0, 2 2 ( - =0

.. .307. , , - + , . .308. , ,

- ~
3
+ , . .309. 7^- + ^ ,
12 2
. .. -^- +
1

+ ~ , . .311. ? + :, . .
3
1 + 2 - 1 + 4
= \ ( ^ - 2 | ,
4 + 4 2
4 + 2 1 2 2 2 + 2 - 1 1
------------------ =5 / .....
2 ( 1 + 2) 2 2 (1 + 2) 2

607
. . .
2 2 - 1 1 . 1
- 2, ---------------- = - - 2, 2 = - ..

.312. <=.2, 2 , , + , 2. .315.



|

+ , , + , . .316. - - , , ^ +

+ . .317. :, 2. .318. 6 2,

+1
( - 1) = . + * . * 6 2 .

2. .320. 2, + : 2. 321 +
4
2
2 , 322. 2, 2, + 4, 2. V,323.

, , + 2, . . 3 + 3
2
3 /
- 4 3 = , 3 + - 1) = 0 ,
2 I

3 I
\ 3 . , (
2
I = 0, 2
"\ 0
I I = ..

.324. , ( ~1) ^ + , . .325. , ,
*
_ 1 + ,
+ , . , 4 = -------- ^-------- > 48 2 -
- 2 = 1 + 4 32 - 3 , 4 32 - 4 22 - 3 2 +
+ 3 = 0, 4 22 ( 2 - 1) - 3 ( 2 - 1) = 0, (4 22 -
- 3)( 2 - 1) = 0 .. .326. 2, 2 , ^ + ,

. .327. ~ + , , - 7 + 2 , .
2 4
.328. , , ~ + , . .329, .
3
. . (-1 )* +1 ^ + ^ , . .331. , , ^ + ^ ,
12 2 6 3
. .332. - ^ + :&, , - + 2, , ( - 1 )
.__ . 2~
2 - - + ~ + , , 2 I, 1 2 , .

608
. . .
43 - 3 - (2 - 2 ) - 3 + 4 3 = ,
(4 3 + 4 3) 3 ( + ) ( - )
( + ) = , ( + )(4 2 4 +
4 2 3 - + ) = , ( + )(1 - 2 2
- ( - )) = 0, ( + )(2 (1 - 2) ( -
- ) - 1) = 0, ( + )(2 ( - )2- ( -
1
- ) - 1) = .. .. + , 2. .334.

(-1)* ^ + , 2 , + 27, 2 . .335. 2, 2 ,

2 ! 5 + 2, 2 . V.337. ^ + , 2 . .338. ,

2. .339. , 2, ( - 1)" | ^ , 2. .340.


*

( 5 + , 2 . .341. + 2, 2 . .342. - 4*

+ , 2 . .343. 2 * 3 + 2;, . 2 , 2 1V * *

+ 21, 2. 344 ^ + &, & 2, 345 +


3 4

2, ! + , 6 2 346 + 2&, ^ 2, 347*

! 2- + 7&, 2 , ^ + , 2 , , 2 . .349.
1
2 + &, 2 , & + , 2 . .350. + 2, 2 ,
2 1 (\^2~+ 1) + 2, 2 , 2 *8 (2~- 1) + 2, 2 .
2
.351. + 2, 2 , 2 - + 2, 2 . .352

^ + 1 + 2&, 2 . .353. ^ + &, 2 , 1& 4 +


2 2 4
- 4 ^5
+ , 2 , 354 21-------- - ---------- 2&, ^ 2 ,

609
. . .
.355. 2 *2 (2 ^5~) + 2, 2 . .356. : + 2, 2 ,

-- + 4, 2 . .357. , 2 , + 2, 2 . .358.

+ , . .359. ? + 2, . .360. 1 | +
4 3 2

+ 2 , - ! + , 2 . .

= ~ + , 2 . .361. + , 2 . .362.
2 4

2 1^ ^ + 2, . .363. ? + , . . .
4
. .I __ /1 . { > . - __
( 1) + , 2 . .367. ( 1) ^ ~ ^ + 2 .

.368. ( - 1 ) * | + | + ^ , . .369. 150 + 0 , ,


,
60 + 360, 2 . .370. (-1 )* - + + ~ > * /5

. *371. ^ +
, __ > __ __ *% __
+ -- , 2 , + , 2 . .372. + , 2 ,
2 12 32 4

| + - " 2 < *373* - + 1? + , 2 -

-374- - ^ + 1 > * 2 - -375- 1 + * 1 +


, _ _ . , , _ _ 1
+ 2 > - *37. 24 + , , 12 36 + ,
1 7 7.
. .377. + - ^ , , ^ + , . .378. = + ,
2 12 4

, , . .379. ^ + , . .

^ 2 + ^- 2 | - 5 = ^ + 2| | ,

4 2 ^2 + ^ | ^2 + ^ | 5 = 0 ..

610
. . .

.380. ^ 2 + , , . .381. +,
1 71
2 , (1)" + , . .

(
4 + 5 2| - 2 ^^ + ~ | = ,

2 | ^ + 2 | | - = ,

4 1 |( + | ) 0* ( - | ) - ( * - ) = 0 >

4 3 ( - * ) ( + | ) * ) = 0 ..

.382. | + , 6 2, ( - 1)+1 | + | + , 2. .383.

? + , , % 4 + 2, . .384. - + , ,
6 6 3 3

-~ - ^ + 2 , . .386. (-1)* ~ 4 4-
/ 6 0 0

+ , 2. .387. ^ ^ ^ + ^, . .388.
12 . 12
+ + 2:&, . .389. ( 1)*-^ +

. .390. 2 ( - 1)* ^ + 2 + 2&, .

.391. ( - 1 ) * '^ |- + '^ |~ + 7 , . .392.

^ ( - 1)4 ^ , . .393. 0.
1 .4 , _ _ 1 . 4 , 5 ,
.394. - ^ - - - + , , - - + + >

2 . .395. -5 7 - 7 4 + 4 * < : 2 , ^ 7 + 7 4 +
36 6 0 3 24 4
, 71 . ^ ^
+ , 4 2 . .

3 | - ^ + 4 ^ - ^ | + 5 ^5 + ^ = 0,

611
. . .

8 ^ - ^ + >| + + ^ | = 0 , <= ^ ..

.396. - | | | + ^ 6 2 , 7 + \ | | + ^ , .
13 4 4 4 13 2
1 2 7 : 8
.397. - + 4 , 2, . -

. 2 (8 ( * + ) + ( - ( | - ) ) ) =

- ^ ( - (< + 1) + 7 ' 5 ( 4 + ? ) )

(*+ ) +> (| - ) = ( ^ (5 + I) + ? ^ + 1 ) | ,

2 (5 + 8 + ) - ,/5" ( 4 + 1 + ? )

8|(4* (28(^ +5-) - ',3] = *


.398. - + 5, 2 , + 5 , - + 5 ,

. .399. + 2 , ( - 1 ) ^ + ^ , 2 . .402.

^ , , * 15, , = ^ , ,
2 :
* 15 + 8, . .403. , , * 7, , - +

+ ^ , , * 9 + 4, . .404. , , * 14,

. .405. | + , , . .406. ,

* 9, 2 . .

2 . .407. , , * 9, 2. . -
2
. .408. - - , 7 ,
. . .

5 2 , .410. + ^ , 2 . .411. 0 . .414. , 2 .



.415. 2, 2 , + , 2 , + , = 2. -
4 2
. 2 2 - 2 - 2 ( - 1) = ,
2 ( 2 - - + 1) = 0, 2 ((1 + 2 ) -
- ( + )) = 0, 2 (( + )( + )) =
= 0, 2 ( + )( + 1) = 0 ..

.416. - + 2, 2 , ^ + ( 1)* + , 2 .

, + 2 + 2 + 1 2 2 = ,
( + 1) + 2 ( + 1) - 2 (1 - )(1 + ) = ,
( + 1)(1 + 2 2 + 2 ) = ,
( + 1)(2 + 2 1) = 0 ..
7
.417. , 2 , - + --, 2 . .
2 2

( 4 + 4) ( 2 4 + 2 4 - 4 4) -
(1 81 4 4) = ,
( 4 + 4 1)(1 - 4 4) = 0 ..

.418. , & 2 , (-1 )" ^ + , 2 . .

2 ( 1 2 2) + 3 - 4 - 2 = ..

.419. ^ + , 2 , ? + , 2. .420. - | ^ ,2,


4 2 5 2

^ + , 6 2. .421. ? + 2 2. .422.
0 5 2
, . . 2 - 1 - 1 , , _
(-1 )* -------- -------------- 1- , 2 . .

4 + 2 2 + 1 2 2 + 4 - 2 = ,
( 2 + I)2 - 2 ( - I)2 = ,
613
. . .
(2 + 1+ ^/2 - 2~)(2 + 1 - ^ + 2)= ..
2
.424. 2 , 2 , (-1 )" + , 6 2 , - 2 2,

4 81X X + 2 2 X 2 X 3 51X
2. . = 0,

.2 .
2 X (2 51 X - 1) + 2 (1 - 512 ) - 3 31 X _
X

2 (2 - 1) (2 2 + 3 - 2) _
X

2 (2 81 1) - 2 | ^ ( + 2)
= ,

(2 51 - 1)(2 - 51 - 2)
- -------------- -------------------------- *- - 0 ..
X

.425. + & 2 . , 2* + 1 - - +
4

+ + ?8 * = 0, (12 - + 1) + -
5X
* \
- 05 X + -?8 = 0, ( 2 X 81 X + 1) 1 ---- :---- = 0 ..
81 X 4 ' I I

.426. ^ + & 2. . 2 - 2 2* +

81 X - X
+ 4 1 - + )=0,

2 ( - ) + 4 ( - ) ^1 + =

2 ( - ) | + 2 ^1 + | = ,

(31 - )(2 + 2 + 2) - = ..
X

V.427. - V + , & . .428. ? + , 6 2. .429. ^ + ,


4 4 4

614
. . .
7 1
& 2 . .430. , 6 2, + , 7.. .

. , 81 6 * 2 6 2 5 4 .
2 31 = --------------- - ----------------, - 2 51 = ,
6: 6:

4
I(V
6- 2)
I = 0,

, _
, 6 2 ,
4
51 = ,

{ 6 * ,

6 = 0,5,
,
* * 12 + 6
_
^
4 * 12 + 6
,

= + > 2>
1 2 1
^ + ^ * > 1 + 2/ * 3*, * - , * 1 + 2, 2,
12 4 2

.. , = 2, = - - - - - = , 6 2 . .431.

2&, & 2 . .432. + 2&, ^ + /, / 2 ,


4

^ + + 2 , 2 . .433. + &2.
2 4 4

.436. - . .437. .438. .439. - .440.


4 3
__ . . ^ 2 __ . . . _ . . . __ . . . -
. .441. . .442. . .443. . .444. .
2 3 3 2 2

.445. .446. .447. .448. .449.


2
.450. .451. - .452. .453. .454. .
5 4 4 )

.455. -. .456. .457. - ^458. - - ^ .


4 4 4 45

.459. 2 ! ^
2
^
2
. .460. 4 - 4:. .461. 0. .462. -.

7 35 53
.463. .464. 0. .465. 0. .466. . .467. ^ ^ ;
6 2 84 84
4 ?^. 450 ^9:. .79:. 459 _ . 47 _ . 0.
84 ,40* 96 96 96 ,40* 2 ,470 4 *

615
. . .
5 1 2 1 5
4"; "4 ; ; 4 4 V*471* * 12 ; - V*472* 4 V*473*
5 2: 4
; . .474. ~9~
3 ; 8 8 8 9
5 1
12 5 ~ 4 ; 1 2 ' 4 5 12 6
, . : , __
- . . 4 * = + , = + . -
12 3 12 4
, 1 | ^ 1 4 2 , :
:
51 X = = ( - 1) ^ + , 2 ,
12

51 X = - = ( - 1)+1 + , / 2 ,
6

< * < - ,


= -
12


= + .

.478. - + 2, 2. 19. ^ + ^ , , +

, - 5 + ^ > /. .480. | ? + 4, , 4 +

+ 4, , - ^ + 4/, / . .481. ^ + , ,
13 4
17 7
+ , , 24 + , . .482. + 4, ,

+ 4, , + 4, . .483. + 2, ,

? + 2, , ^ + 2/, / . .484. - ^ + 2, .

.487. + 2&; 2 , ^2&; ^ + 2 , 2. .488.
. & &\ , ^ . ( ,
---- 2. .489. I + 2&; - 2
( * ! 1 - )' *62' '489'

616
. . .

| + 2* ; | - 2*|, 2. .490. | | + 2*; | + 4 * |,

- ^ + 2*; - + 4*] , 2 . .491. (60 + 360*; 3 6 0 4 ),

(3 6 0 4 ; - 60 + 3 6 0 4 ), 2 . .492. ^ + 2; - + 2 * |,

| ^ + 2; 2*^ , 4 6 2 . , =

. ( \ . ( + \
( * ^ + *) =
" 5[2 ~ ) = 2 8(" " 4] 08 [" 2 ^4
(+ \ ( ' \ ^ . ( + \
= 2[ - 4] ^ + ? | = 2 ^ --| - =

. ( + \
= ( - 4 ] --

.493. ~ \ ) - + \ ( - 1 ) 4 + 2 * * ]. .

.494. | | + ; | - * | , | | + ; | - * | , 2

.495. ((-1 )* 3 0 + 30 + 90*; (-1 )* 3 0 - 30 + 9 0 4 ), 4 6 2 .

.496. (^ + ^ ; - ! - * * ) . *62. .497.

+ ^ - ^ , 2 . .498. ^ ^ ;

< -* ? -1 + ) - * 2 - -499- ( * 4 ; * + )- * 2 -
.500. | | + 2; | - 2 ^ , 2 . .501. ^ + ; - ^ - * |,

| - - ^ + *; ^ , 2 . .

: 10 (+) ( - ) = 2 + 2 2 ( - ),

10 ^ ( - ) = 2 + 2 2 ( - ),

2 2 ( - ) - 5 ( - ) + 2 = 0,

617
. . .

08 ( ) = 0,5 .. .503. ^ + ; *|, ^;

- | + *| , 2 . .504. || + ; | , 2 . .505.
2 3~
( + > - ~ **). 2 . .506. ^ (-1 ) |2 ^ +
, .4 1 . 2 - \ , _ _
+ -2" + ^ ; ( -1 ) 2 8 2 + ) *507*

|^ + ; | - *|, || + ; ^ - *|, * 2 . .508. || + ;

^ + *], ( - ^ + ; - | + * ], 2 . .509. | ^ + *;

^ - , 2. .510. - + * ;| ^ + , - ^ - + *;

-^-
- + * ),
\ , 2 . .511. (30 + 180/:; - 120 + 180%),
2. .512. (35 + 90%; 25 + 90*), 2. .514.
+ ; - | + *|, 1 6 2 . .515. (*; | - * ), 1 6 2 .

.516. *; ^ - * ], 162 , ^ + 2;
- 2 )
11
-2 | , .517.
+ 2;
2
2.
(< - ! + *;
1 6 2. .518. + ;
' 1
(-1 )* | + | , * 2 . .519. 12;
-2 *) , * 2 . .520.
13 .
+ (-1 )* +1^ + *; (-1 )* | + |, 1 6 2 . .521.
2
. 5- 6 , , 57"- 6 , , 13
+ 8------------- + 2; ------------- + 2
3 2
)
57" - 6
+ 2; - - + 2 |, 2 .
1)
.522. | ( - 1)* | + ; (-1 )* | | + * | , 6 2 . .525. +

+ ; ^ - * | , 2 . .526. | | + *; | - | , 2.

618
. . .

.527. + ; | + , 2. .528. | | + ; | + ,

^ + ; - ^ + * | , 2. .529. (75 + 180%; 60 -

- 180%), (75 - 180*; 60 + 180*), 2 . .530. ^ + ;

!-*) ( +* !-* )' * 2 - -531- ( + 4-

(4 + *) 6 - ,5 3 2 + > ^ ~ **] ( | + *;

I + * |, - ; | - , 2. .533. | + (-1 )* ^ :

. 2 3 /- 1 2
+ 2"; (- 1 ) 2 51 6 + 2
)
, 7
2. .535. (8 | + ; - ! I " **) 2,

^1 ^ + ; ^ - 1 ^ , 2. .536. |( - 1 ) * +1
*+1 +

+ 5 + ^ ;(-0 * ^ - 5 + ^ ).
* 4?.
. .537.
.57. ^ + ;
[

^ , 2, ^ + ; , 2. .538. (30 +

+ 180*; 30 - 1 8 0 4 ), 2 . .539. (1 (2 /3~+ ) +

+ ; 1 (2 /- + /15~) - + , (<8 (2 '/ '- 15 ) +


3

+ ; 1( 2 /*- 15 ) ^ + , 2. .540. | ^ +

| , ^. .541. | | + *; | + * | , 2 , | + ;

| + | , 6 2 . .542. | | + *; ^ + * | , .546. +

+ ; ^ , 2. .547. ^ , 2.

.548. + *; ^ , 2. .549. + ; | + * | ,

619
. . .

. .550. | | + *; | + * |, & 2 . .551. | ^ + ( - 1 ) * +1

- ! < - ) + + ) - * 2 ' -552-

^ - * |, <=2. .553. ^ + | 0,7 + ; - +


2
71 1
0,7 + & |, 2 0,7 + ; - - - X
2

0,7 + & |, <=2. .555. | | ; - | | , |; .

.556
^.556. (1; 2), (1; - 2 ) , (-1; 2), (-1; - 2 ) , (5; 3 - 5 ),
( ;-3 + ), ( - ; 3 - ), ( - ; - 3 + ), (3; 0),
(-3; 0). .557. (0; 1,4), (0; - 1 ,4 ), (1; 0,4), (1; -0 ,4 ),

(-1; 0 ,4), (-1; -0 ,4 ). .558. . . -

: 8 ( ( - )) +

^
+ 08 ( ( - )) = - 1 , 81 ( ( - )) 08 + 08 ( (-))

X 8 1 -= -1, 81 X - + | X- + | \ + 2,
5 25
2 , - = - + 2 . 2 + 2 = , -
72

[ - ; , = 0 -


X- = 7>
! .559. | ; - | | , (_ 4;0)- 560'
2+ 2
72'

^ + 1'\/2-(* + ) ) 4 ( * + 1-\/2-(* + )! ) ) ,

= 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 22 . .563.

( | + |( + 2 ); I + , ( | + |( + 2 ); | + | ( - 2 ) | ,

620
. . .

, . .564. | - ^ + ( - * ) + ( ? + ) )

, . .565. | | + { + ); | + { - ) | ,

+ ( + ); + ( ) | , , . .566.

+ (+); + ( - ) |, ^ + (+); ^ + ( ) | ,

, . .567. | ( - 1 ) 8 ^ + ( 1)*1^ | +

+ ( + ); ^ | ( - 1)" | - ( - 1 / | | + \ ( - & )|.

, 2. .568. + 2 ( + ) \ ^ + 2 ( ) | ,

+ 2 ( + ) \ + 2 (& ) | , 2 . .569. +

+ | (+2); | + | ( -2 )), | | + | (+2); | + | ( -2 )),

, . .570. ^ 1 - ; ^ ^ + |, , .

.572. | ( 1)" | - | + (2 + ); (-1 )" | + | + (2 - )|,

, . .573. | | + 2 + ; | , ^ + 2 + ; + | | ,

[ 2 + ; | + ], (^ + 2 + ; ~ + | , , . .574.

\ + 2 ( + ); ^ + 2 ( - )|, | | + 2 (+); - \ + 2 ( - ) |,

| + 2 ( + ); | + 2 ( - )|, | | + 2 ( + ); | + 2 ( - )|,

: 2 , . .575. + 2; |

1 + /
. .576. (-1)"

^ + (-1 )" *2 + ( ~ 2^)| ^.579. + ( + );

621
. . .

( ) | , | ( + ); ^ + ( ) | . .580. ^ ( - 1)"

^ + ( + | | ; ? + ( " 1)^ + ( * - 2) ^ '


3 51 V - 05 X 5}>
. ----------------- ---------------- = ,
X

81 (X - ) + 2 81 X _ 81 ( - ) + 0, 5 _ ^
~ ~

51 ( - ) = - 0,5,
X = 0,25, ..
/ 0 , * 0

( 5 , .
.581. I - + - ; + -^- + 21, 62, . .582.

( 5 + | ( + ); ^ + | ( ~ 3*) ) , , . .583. ^| +

+ (2+); ~ + |, !^ + (2+); - 18^ + |,


\ / 1 1

( + (2+); + 1, 11 2 + + (2+); 1

+ | , , . .586.
7
+ 2; \ (
+ 2|, I+ 2;

- ^ + 2 + 2; + 2 |,
] , ( + 2:; + 27) (
7
, . .587. ^ (-1 ) | + ; + 27 | ,

| ( - 1 ) * | + ; - | + 2|, , . .588. | | + 2;

(_1)"+1^ + :|, ^(1)+1^ + ; ^ + 2|, ^ 2,

.589. ^ + ; |, ^ + ; |, ^ + 2; ^ + |,

+ 2; ^ + |,
|, , .

622
. . .

.590 (-1 )* | + ; - + 2 |, | ( - 1)* | + \

+ 2 |, |( - 1 ) * +1 ^ + ; ^ + 2 |, |( - 1 ) * +11 + *;

- + 2 | , & 2 , 2, .591. + 4; 2 + 4 |,

| - ^ + 4&; 2 + 4 |, ^2 + 4; ^ + 4 |, ^2 + 4;

^ + 4 |, 2 , 2 . .
: 2 2 - 1 + 2 2 - 1 = 1, 2 + 2 = 1 , 5
.. .592. (; 2), & 2 , 2. .593. ^ (

- 1) + ( - 1 1| ^ - ^ + |( 2 + ): ( - 1 ) +,|

^ 1 - ^ (" - 1) + ^ ( - 2 )|,

- - 1 , .
| ^ (~ 1) + ( - 1 ) +1^ 2 +2" (2 * + );

( - 1)+1 ^ ^ ~ 2 --- + ^ ( "- 1) + ^ ( - 2& )|,


71 \ I 71 71

+ 21,
\ /
(
- + ; + 2 ,

\
+ ; - - + 2 |,
/
-

- - + &; - +


+ &; - ^ + 2 ,
\

62, 2. .595.I (-1 )* ^ + ; 2 | , 2 , 2.

.597. 1- + 2&; + 21, 12 ! + 2&;


, + " , \ } 1 + , ,
2 + 2 1, 12 18 + 2 ;

2 1 / 310 + 2 |, 2 , ^ 5 2 . .598. + &; ^ + | ,

|1 ^ + &; ! ^ + | , & 2 , & 2. .599. ^ +

+ (+); + ( , | ^- + ( + &); ^ + ( )|,


2 , 2 . . '
623
. . .
1 3 3
(05 ( + ) + (X - )) = , ( + ) + 08 ( - ) = .

.600. | ( 1)* ^1 - (2 - 2~) + 2 | ,

^ ( - 1)* ^1 - ; - (2 - 2~)+ 2 | , 4 2 , 2 .

.601. + 4:\ 7 + 4 | , ( - + 4] 7 + 4 |,


|'7 + 4; ^ + 4 |, 2 + 4 \ ^ 4- 4:/ | , 2, 2 .

.

2 = = 4-. .602. | ( - 1)* | + *; ( - 1)*+1 ^ +
2 2

+ 1 ^ + ( - &)| , 6 2 , & 2. .
( + ) ,

%( + )= I. .603. ^ + ] - ^ + | , ^ + ] ^ + | ,

& 2 , & 2. .

2 - 3 = 1,
21 2 - 2 = 5.
= I, = ,

2 1 = 1, .. /2 - 2 2

44 - 292 + 7 = 0 ..

.604. ^ + ] ^ + 2 |, + 2] - ^ + 2 |, ^ +

+ 2&; ^ + 2 |, ^ + 2&; - ^ + 2 |, ^ + 2&;


5
+ 2 + 2; ~ + 2/1 + 2&; +
6
5^ | 5 |
) ( -

+ 2 + ] + 7 | , . 2 , 2. .
> . ! - (
)
624
. . .

= , = I. .606. ^ + 2; ^ +
( \ (1 5 \

^
),

+ 2; ^
I - + 2; - + 2 | , I + 2; + 2 \,

+ 2|, 2, 6 2. .607. 0 . .608. (;

2**), ^ + &; ^ + 2|, / : 2 , 6 2. .609. + &;

^ + | , & 2 , & 2 . .610. ^ + 2&; + 2|,


, \ / 5 , , 5 , _ 7 , 7
+ 2 ; + 2 ^ + 2&; + 2 + 2;&; - +
) ( 4 4
+ 2 , 2, .611. (2;&; + 2), 4 2 , 2 .
*)
.612. ^ ^ + 2:&; - ^! + 2) , - + 2\

| + 2) , & 2 , & 2 . .

6 = 5 4 ,
{ = - 4 ,
..
.613. + 2; + 2|, | - ^ + 2&; ^ + 2|, & 2,

. 2 . .614. | ( - 1)* ^ + ; + | , * 2, 2. .615.

+ 2&; - ^ + 2|, ^ + 2&; + 2|, + 2;

^ + 2|, + 2; + 2|, 2, 2. .616.

| - ) ) . .

= (2 + 3 ),

= ^ (2 - 3 ).

625
. . .
. .618.

(; ), ^2; ^ + 2 |, ^2; ^ + 2 |, | + 2;

+ 2 |, | + 2; + 2 |, 2, 2. .619.

(; ), ^ ^ + ; ^ ^ + | , ^ ^ +

+ &; - ^ ^ + | , ^ ^ + + ; ^ ^ +

+ + |, I - ^ + + &; - ^ + + 1,

2 , 2. .620. ^ + + 2; & |, + + 2;

:|, + !8 2 + 2 + &; - { 2 + & |, ^ -

- 1 2 + 2 + &; ! 2 + ^ , 2, 2. .624.

^1; (-1 )* | + * - 1 | , 2. .625. | | + 1 + 2*; ,

- + 1 + 2 ; 11 , 2. .626. ^2; + 2 | , 2.

.627. + + 2; | , 2. .628. + 2; ,

( - ^ + ^ 4 )* * - *629 ( \
4
+ |, * 10 ; - ^ 4 + |

2,5; ^ - + |, 2,5; - ^ | - +

+ | , 2, 2. .630. | - + &; .

2 - 3 ,
( - | ( - 081) + ' ) (- 5 - + ;

1\ /1 2 3 , , 1\ , _ _ _
^ ^ 1, 12 ^ ; ^ "^31* 2, 2.

626
. . .

.631. ^ ^ - + ; 1 ^ | - +

+1\ /1 2 - _5 , + ; ;18
^ 05_ _ _+ _1\ | > (^ _ 1_
\
6 ' 24
2 5 , 18
X - + \ 4 2, 2. .632.
6 24

+ ; 11 , |! 4 + ; - ^ | , : 2. .633.

| - ^ + 2 ; |, | - - + ; , |- + | | +
117\
+ ; , , & 2 . .
, 3 + 2 1 = - 2,

3 + 2 = - 2 V I - 2 ,
. .
3 + 2 = 2 VI - 2*
( 4 4 \
.636. I + - (2 + )\ - + 2; + ,

4 4 \
( - (2 + ); + 2; + I , 2,

. .637. (; 0; 0), (0; ; 0), (0; 0; ), | .

, : : = 1: ~: 2. .638. (; ; -

( + )), + 2; ^ + 2; ^ - 2 ( + ) | , ^ +

+ 2; + 2; ^ - 2 ( + ) | , , . .639.

| ( - 1)* ^ + ; - (-1 )* ^ - ( + ) | , ,
: :
( + , * 2 + ; 1 2
- ( + )|,
, . .641 + ; ! 4 ,5 + , - 1 -
|* |
- !8 4,5 - ( + ) + ; - 1 4,5 + ;
), |- ! |
627
. . .

+ ! + 1 4,5 - ( + ) I , 2 , 2 . .642. 0 .
.643. (1 2 + ; 5 + ; - * 2 "-
- - - ( + )), (!8 2 "- &; 1 "- ; -
- 1 2 "- ^ " + (& + )), & 2 , 2 . .
( + ) = ~ , 1( + ) = - \%, ( + 2) = - 18,
: : 2 = 3 :6 : 2.

%, %, &. .644. + &; 1 2 + ;

, 5
+ ; - 1 2 + ; +
- * 2 - ( + )
)
+ ! 2 - ; ( + ) , & 2 , 2 . .647. + 2; +
>) 4
,
+ ; -----^ (2& + ) + ; + 2; -
) (; 2 4

(2& + ) | , + 2; - (2 + ); ^ (| +

+ ; - - (2+); + 2& |, | - - (2+); +

+ 2; ~ + | , |- (2 + ); ^ + ; + 2 & |,

2 , 2. .648. | | + *; | + ; | + -
) (- 6+*;
,
^ + ; - + ) , ( | + *; - | + ; ^ + ) , | - | + *;

\
- + / 2 , 2 , 2 . .649. | ~ + 2 & ;
4 + ~2~)

2 ; |, | - + 2; + 2; | , + 2&; + 2;
\ / 7 2
+ 2 I, I + 2; + 2; + 2 + 2&;
, ^ 4 . ( 1
) 5(?
\
+ 2; + 2 | , I + 2 ; + 2 ; + 2 I,
/5 , _ \ /,5 , _ , 5
+ 2; + 2; + 2 , + 2; + 2;
4 4

628
. . .
2 , \ (1 , ^ 4 ,
- + 2 I, I + 2; + 2; + 2 + 2;
5 5 \
) (?
+ 2; + 2
I , 4 6 2 , ^ 6 2 , 6 2 . .
'
.
= 8 2, = 2, * = 22. ,

2 1
812 X = ^ >
2 = 1,
2 - , 2
812 = ~ ,
1
2 2 = 0,
2 3
312 2 = - .
4
, , , .
( . _ , . _
.650. | + 2 ; + + 2; + 2 + 2;
?
' , . , _ .
- + 2; - + 2 , + 2;
6 4
~
+ + 2; -

3
+ 2 | ,
)


+2&; - - + 2 ; ^ + 2 / |.
(-5
/ 2 , , 5 , >/3~ , _ 2
+ 2&; + + 2; + 2
3 )
2 , _ , 5 / , . 2 \ .
( + 2&; - + 2; + 2 I, 6 2 ,
3 6 4
6 2 , 2 . .
I

, :
- . -- 2 2
+ 2 . + 2 + \
-2- ( 2 31 ------ ^ ----- + *1 ------- 2------ ] = 0 -

^ 2 ^ -2 + 2
: 1) = 0; 2) 2 ---------- +

. . + 2 + 2
+ ------ ^ ------ = 0. .651. + ; (2 + ) ; +

\
+ ; + (2 + ) ; + (2 + ) I,
+ (2 + )
)
629
. . .

( - | 18^ + 1 ; + 1 82 + (2" ' ? ) ; - 1 -

- 2 4 | + (2* + ) )., 2 , 2 , 2 . .


. ( ) = ,

= ^ + 1. / 2 .. .652.
(1
+ ; - + ; - +

( \
) , I + ; - + ;; + ( 2 - - + 1 ) I.

.
.
7
&& = , X%xX% = V, %% = .658.
(-
+ 2*; ^ + 2& |, 2 . .659. 1 + 2*; ^ + 2 * |,

* 2 . .660. | | +2; ^ + 2 * |, <= 2 . .661. ^ +*;

2& 7 2 1
" I + **) . .662.
3 * 9 + 3
6 2.

.. - + 2, & 2 . .664. (1 - - 0,4 + 2;

5
1 + 0,4 + 2 ), 2. .665. | | + *;
8

+ | + * | , 2 . .. |^- ^ + 2; - + 2 , 2 .

/ 4 4 13 4\ , _ _ ( 5
.667. 1-- + - - 5 - ~ + - 3 - ] , * 2 . .668. I- ^ -

- ^ 0,2 + ; ^ ^ 0,2 + * | , 2. .669.

^ + 2; + ^ + 2|, 2 . .670.

| + * |, * 2 . .671. | | + ^ ; ^ - | | +

630
. . .

2 . .672. 2 , * 0. .673

2 . .674. + 2*; -^- + 2 \ ,


(? + 2; + 2
I6
6 2. .675. + ; + * | , 2 . .676. |^- ^

+ 2; | + 2 * | , 6 2 . .677. + ; ^ , .

.678. + 1 + ; + 1 + \ , 2. .679. +

^ + 2&; ^ +
+ ; 1 + ] ' * 6 2 - - - ( -
+ 2*), 2. .681. 2, 2 . .682. |^- ^ + 2; ^ +

+ 2 | , 2 . .683. ^ - I + 4*; - - ^ , 2

.684. ( - | + *; | + | + * |, 2 . .68

11
, * 2 . .688. ^ + *; ^ + & |, 2 . .689.
~ 2 4 + ~2
+ 2; ^ + 2 & |, 6 2 . .690. ^ + &; ! 2 +

+ * | , 2 . .691. ^ ^ ^ , * 2 . .692. ( - 2 +

+ 4&; 4&), 2 . .693. + ; ^ + & |, 2 .

.694. + + -3- ; - 9 + 3 + ] * 6 2 , 95, ( ~ 6 +


/'
+ ; ), 2 . .696. \; + , 6 2 . .697. | ^ +
I8
+ : 1 + ) * 2 - 98- (| + 7*; 71+ *)' 2.
/ _ I
.699. + ; -^ + ] , 2. .700. *8 2 +
( 2
$
. , ^
6 2 . .701. | | + ^ 5 | + 1 4 + 3
2 2 ) )'
631
. . .
+ 1 + 2
2. .702. - , 2, * 0. .705.
+ 1
7:
^ + 2; ^ + 2&| 1 | - ^ + 2

2&], 2 , .706. + 2&; + 2^ +

2; ^ + 2 & |, 6 2 . .707. | ^ +2; ^ + 2&| 1

| + 2; ^ + 2 ^ , 6 2. .708.
1 2: \ . / 1
[ + 2; + 2& II | + 2; + ^ +

+ 2*], 6 2 . .709. ( - ! 2 + ; & 3 + *), 2 .

.710. (! 1,5 + *; - * 4 + *), 6 2. .711. ^ +

+ ; !2 + ], 2. .712. ^ - ^ + *; ^ + *^,

2. .713. | | + ; - + * | , 2 . .714. ^ ^ ;

^ "1 I 2, .715. I ^"^2* 6*^ 2 ^^ *716


+ 2, 717 ( -
1+^ ;
.
24 4 24 4 V. / ! / .
2 , , 2 .
| + ), 2. .718. ^ + *; - ^ +

+ ], 2. .719. 62. .720;

(-? + -1 + ) - *52- 2 1 ' [5 + * * ; ^ + **].

2. V.722. ( - | + *; | + * | , 2. .723. | + *;

- ^ + ^ 1 ^ + ; + * | , 2. .724. + ;

- \% 2 + ) (! 2 + ; + * | , 2. .725. +

632
. . .

+ ; - ^ + \ , . .726. ; ^ + :| ) + ;

+ 2), 2. .727. (; \& 5 + ) ( - ! 5 +

+ ; + ), 2. .730 - ^ + ; ^ + | , 6 2.


.731. | + ; | + | , 2 . .732. [
8 + ; +

+ ] ' * 2 - 33- ( + ; 1 + ) ' * 6 2 - 34-


( - | + ' + ).*..735. (5 + 2**; ^ + 2**),
6 2. .736. = 2:/:, 4 6 2 . .737. * + 2:, 2 . .738.
4

+ '/:> *71^ > 2. .739. ~ + 2; ^ + 2 /: |,


57
. .740. + ; + | , 2. . +

+ ^ .743. + ^ + ^ |, 462. .744.

.745. . .746. [ - ? + ? ; ? +
4 2 2
, *2. .747. ( + ; ^ + | , 2. .748.

^ , & 2. .

. .749. + ; ^ + | , 2.

.751. **, 462. .752. * + *, 462. .753.


6
2
+ ; + , 2 . .754. | - ^ + ; | , 2.
6

756 +*; | + | II ^ + |, /4 2 , 2 . .757.

( I + ; | + > 2 - 58- * ^ + , 2 . .759.

633
. . .

| | + *; ^ - + * ^ * 7I, , 2. .761. + 2*;

^ + 2 * |, . .762. |- ^ + 2*; ^ + 2 * |, * 7

.763.
[!** + 2:/: , 6 2 . .764. ^ - | + *; | +

, 2. .765. * 2 + ;
+ *)
(I + *; + *
^ + * | , * 7 . .766. ^*; ^ + * | + ; + * | ,

* 7 . .767. | | + :; ^ + * |, 2.

/ 1 - 1 \
.768. 1 - + 2; - -------I- * 1 , <
2 ----- ------ 2

.769. | ^ - | + *; ! + *]* * ^ 7 . V-770- + * ,

. .771. | +2*; | + 2*| ) +2*; - + 2

. .772. + *; ^ + * |, 6 7. .773. = 2,
1
2. .774. - + 2; + 2 * , 6 7 .

.775. ^ (2 2 -6)+2; 2 + ^ (2\^2-\' " )+

+ 2*), * 7. .776. ^2*; | + 2*|, * 7. .777. - | +

+ 2:*; ^ + 2 * |, 7. .778. | - ^ + 2*; | + 2*|

1} +2*; ^ + 2 * |, * 7. .779. | +2*; ^ + 2 * |,

* 6 7. .780. ( - | + 2*; | + 2*) II + 2*; ^ + 2 * ),

* 7. .781. (/1) + ;^ - ^ ( -1) +

+ ), 7. .782. + ; ~ + * ), * 7. .

634
. . .
1 - 2 ,
4 2 - 5 ------ ---------- (1 - 2) < 0 ..

.786. ^ ' / +*; ^ + * | [ - % + ; ), 2 .

.787. ^ + ; - ^ + * | |*; ^ + * | , * 2 . .788.

|*; ^ + * | 1 | ^ + *; ^ + * | , * 2 .

.789. ^2 ! +2*; + 2 *| ^ - 2 !; +
\
+ 2: + 2 I , 2 . . = ?.

.790. 2*; ^ + 2*|, * 2 . .791. +


2*
, * 2 . .792. | - | + *; ^ + * | | ^ | + *;
4 + 3
7 ^
, * 2 . .793. * + 2*, * 2 . .794. | +
*
+ 2 ; ^ + 2 * | , * 2 . .795. ^ + *; - ! 2 + * |

^ + *; ^ + * | , * 2 . .

\% = .796. + *; | + * | , * 2. .797. ^ + 2*;

^ + 2 * |, * 2 . .798. | + 2*; ^ + 2 * |, * 2 . 799.

- 3
,' 4 - + *; ~ ^ - + * |, * 2.
7

- | + *| 1 + *; ^
( ^2 +

+ * | , * 2 . .804. (2*; +

+ 2*), * 2 . .805. | | + 2*; ^ + 2 *| + 2*;

2 + 2 * |, * 2. .806. + *; ^ + * | + *;

635
. . .

+ ), 2. .807. |^2*; ^ + 2^ ^ + 2*; +

2*] + 2 ; + 2 * ] . .808. |
+ ^ |, .809. + 2; + 2 ^

+ 2; ^ + 2 * | , 6 2. .810. [- | + 2*; 2*]

^ + 2*; ^ + 2 * |, 2 . .811. ^ + 2:*; 2 *|

+ 2', ^ + 2*| |- - + 2:*; + 2*| |^ +

+ 2*; - + 2 * |, * 6 2 . .812. |2*; + 2


' (? +
(
\
+ 2*; + 2*) + 2*; + 2* I, * 6 2.

.813. | | + *:; ^ + *| ^ + ; + *|, * 6 X.

. / * \ ( * 3 *\
* 6 2.
-814 8 + ; 4 + 4 + ; 8 + 2)

.815 + 2*; - ^ + 2*| |^-| +2*; - ^ + 2^

^ + 2*; + 2*| ^ + 2*; ^ + 2*|, * 6 2.

.816. |^- ^ + *; - | + *| [| + ; ^ + *|

{| + *}( * 6 2. .817. | - | + 2*; | + 2*|

+ 2*; ^ + 2*|, . .818. |*; | + *|

+ ; + *|, * 6 . .820. = , , * 2.

.821. = ^ + *, * 2 , * * 0. .822. = ^ + , ,

* 0. .823. = ^ + 2* = (-1 )^ + , ,
636
. . .

2 , * 0. .824* = 2 = + , 2 , 2 ,

7 7
* 0. .825. = + = - + , 4 6 2 , 6 2 ,

* 0. .826. = + 2 = ( - 1 ) + , ,

2, * 0. .827. = - ^ + - = ^- + - , 4 6 2 ,

6 2 , * 0, * 1. .828. = ( 1)*+1 + &, 2 , & 0.

,,
.829. = + = + , 4 6 2 , 6 2 , * 0,
2 2
* 1. .830. X = (-1 )* | + /4, * 6 2 , * * 1. .831. = ^ + |

= (-1 )" - + , 2, 6 2 , * 0. .832. = 1 +

+ | , 2 , * 1. .833. = = (-1 )" | + | , 6 2 ,

6 2 , * 1, 3. .834. = 4 = 4 + 2, 6 2 ,
4
^ 1 7
6 2 , ?* 0. .835. = = + - , 2 , 2 ,

2 1 1
* 2..836. = -- = - + , =- ~ + 2 ,
3 4 2

6 2 , 6 2 , 6 2 , * 0, * 0. .837. = = ^ +

+ , = -7 + , 4 2 , 2, 2 , *3, * 1.

.838. = -^ + 4 = -^ + ^ , 4 6 2 , 6 2 , ^ 0 , 9*0.
10 3

.842. = - ^ + , 2 . .843. = ? + , 2 . .844.

= + , 2. .845. = , 2 . .846. = - | +

+ 2*, 2 . .847. = *, 6 2 . .848. = + *, 2 .

637
. . .

.849. = + 2, 2. .850. = + 2 = ^ +

+ ^ , . .851. = 2, . .852. = - ^ + 2,

2. .853. = - + 2 = ( - 1 ) * ^ + , 2.

.854. = ^ + 2 = + 2, 2. .855.

= ^ + 2 = + 2, = ^ + 2, 2 .
2
2
.856. = 2 = + 2&, & 2. .857* = 2,
2:
2. .858. = 2, 2. .859. = - + = ~ , .

.860. = ^ , 2, * 31, 12. .861. = ^ + ^ ,

2. .862. = - + ^ , 4 6 2. .863. - ? + 2,
2. .
= 1,
1 4 = 1,
1 2
82 56-
2
.864. = , 2 , * 6, * 6 + 2, 2 . .865.
3 + 3

= ( - 1)*+| ? +
II
X

+ 2, & 2* 866. : = 2


&|

X + 2, 2 . .867. = + 2 =
II

*3 +
<~
+ 2, 2. .868. = + 2 = + 2, .

.869. =: + 2&, 2, 70. * = ^ + ,


2/:
* 5 + 2, 2. .871. = ^ + , * 5 + ,

2. .872. = + 2, 2. .873. = ~ ~ + 2,
4 4

638
. . .

* 2. .874. = - ^ + 2*, 2 . .875. = + 2*,


4 4
'
2 . .876. = - + , 6 2 , * 71 + 3, / 6 2 , .877.

. .878. = - + 2*, * 6 2. .879.

2
= + 2*, * 2 . .880. = *, * 2 . .881.

. .882. = ( - 1 ) * +1- ^ + + ^ , *2. .883.

= (-1 )* +1 ^ + *, *2. .885. . .886.



= , 41 + 2, / 6 2 , .887. . .888.
^
= 2, 2 . .889. , 2 . .891.
4 2
= , , * 1. .892. = 3 = -^ + , 4 2 , ^ 2.

.893. = 5 + $ = - 4, * 6 2 , * 5 - 4. .894. = 7
3

= + , * 2 , * < 4. .895. = = 1,
5 7
= 2, = 2 >896. = ^ = 3,

= 1. .897. = 1 = 4 , = - 4 . .898.
4 4
. 1 3 7 5
X = 2 X = - - , X = - , X = * * = -
4 4 4 4
.899. = ~ = ~ , = 1, = 2. .900.
4 4
1 3 5 7 0
= - = , = - , = - , = - 2,
4 4 4 4

= 1. .901. = + , 2 , ^ 4 ^ 3.
4
.902. = | , * , * =8 7. .903. = | + , 6 /V, * * 1.

.904. = = ^. + 2/, 2 , 2, ^ 1,

639
. . .

= . .905. = = ^ , = %. .906. = .
/
.907. = = , - - . .908. = ^

= - , = - . .911. = = ^ + 2,
4 3 ^
2. .912. = ^ + = 2, 2 . .913. =


= + 2, & . .914. = = ( - 1 ) ^ + :&,

. .915. = + *. .916. = ^ + , .
4

.917. = + 2 = 2, . .918.
4

= - ^ + 2 = 77 + , . .919. = ? + 2
4
2
= , . .920. = + 2 = , 2 . .921.
<3
2 4 1 1
= + 4 = + 4:&, = + 4,

, , 4 13 , 4 7 . 4
.922. = + = + , = + ,

. .923. = + 4 = + 4,

= - + 4, . .926. = | + 2, . .927.

3 2
= 1 ^ + , . .928. = ! + , 2.

.929. = ( - 1)*+11 + , . .930. = + 2,

. .931. = ^ + 2, . .932. X = - | + 2,

. .933. = ^ + 2, . .934. = -7 + 2,
4
. .935. = - ^ + = ^ + 2, . .936.
^

640
. . .

= ^ + = - ^ + 2, . .937. = - ~ + 2,

. .938. = - % + 2, . .939. = - + 2,

2 . .940. - + = ^ + \ 1 5 + , 2.
2 2

.941. = 2 = % + , = % + 2, 2.
4 4
.942. = - ^ + 2, 2 . .943. = ~ + 2, .


.944. = + 4 + 8&, . .945. = &, .

.946. = + 4, . .948. = = ^+ 2 ,
3

. .949. = ; + & = ~ + 2, . .950.


2
.
X = ( - 1 ) * - + , . .951. = + 2, . .952.

= + 2, . .953. = ^ + 2, . .954.

= + = + 2&, . .955. = - 7 -
2 4

= - + 2, . .956. = ^ + 2
3

= + , . .951. = + = 2,
12 6 2

= + 2, . .958. = ^- + 2, .
6 <3
.962. = ^ + = + 2, . .963. =
.
= ( 1)* + , . .964. = + +

= 1& + , . .965.

1 \^3~ * , _ _ ,,
= 1 - + , . .966. = +

641
. . .
1 3 \^3 , * , _ _ ..
= ~ 2 *8 [ + , & - 967. =

= ! + , 2. .968. = ^+
11 *
/
= - ! 6 + , . .970. + ;

1 3 + ( + 1)), . .971. * -7 + *; ^ +
4 4

+ * |, . .972. + ; ! ~ + *^

|1 ^ + *; + *), 2. .973. + ;

- 1 2 + (* + 1 )| , . .974. | ^ + *; - 18 +

+ (* + 1 ^ , 2. .975. 1 +; + * |,
2
. .977. + 2\ + 2 + 2* I,

. .978. |^- + 2 *; + 2/^ ^ + * |, .

.979. |^- | + 2*; | + 2 *| | |( - 1 ) * | + * |, 2 .

.980. | + 2*; + 2 *| | + 2 * |, * 2.

.981. [ - 2 ; | - | ; 3^ 1 ) { - | + 2 *}, .

-*-* [!*] [**] {-5 }-

642
. . .
VI
1.3. . 1.4. = 1. 1.5. 2. 1.6. = 1.
1.7. = 2. 1.8. . 1.9. . VI. 10.
. 1.11. . . >
< - 1 , 2 + + 1 > 1. [ - 1 ; ] 8 ^ , 2 +
+ + 1 > 0 . 1.12. . 1.13. = 0, = 1. .
2 1 ^ 0 .
2 + 1 * 1. ,
8 = 2 + 2 1, ,
2 + / - 2 - 1 =5 1. 1.14. = 1 , = - | + | , ; 6 2 .

. , / 2 $ 1. V I.!7. = 2, = :
V 1 4" ~
= + 2, = - ^ , 6 2, VI. 18. = - 4, = - ^ +

= 4, = , (= 2 . VI. 19. = ^ + 2,

= - = -| + + 2, = ^ , & 2 . 1.20. = 1,
2+1 . 2 , _ _ _ ,
~~2~ * = -1> = ~ 2 + 1 * 6 2> 2 > * * -
..... - 5 + 25 - - 5 ~ /2 5 - 8
1.21. = ------------ ------------ , = -------------=------------
- 5 - ^25 - - 5 + 25 -
= =
5 + 21 - 8 5 - V21 - 8 5 - 21 - 8
= -------- ^--------- = --------- 2---------, = --------------------,
= 5 + 21 - _ ' ^ 2 1.22.

= ~ + 2, = 3 = ^ + 2&, = 3, 2. VI.23.
4 4

= -7 + 2&, 2 = 1 = ~+ 2&, 2 = 1, 2. VI.24.


4 4
= 1 ' + , + 2 = 1 ' + &,

= ~ ~ + 2, 2 , 2 . 1.25. = = ( 1)* ^ +
+ &, & 2. .
4 812 4 81 812 + 812 = .

643
. . .
,
/ ) = 16 43 - 16 23 = 16 2 ( 2 - 1 ) ^ 0 .

2 = 0 2 = 1. 1.26. = + ( + ),

= + ( ), 2 = ~ + 2& = - ^ + ( + ),

= - - + ( - ), 2 = ^ + 2&, = - ^ + ( + ),

= ^- + ( - ), 2 = - ^ + 2&, = ^ + ( + ),
2
= + ( ), 2 = + 2&, 2 , 2 . .
.

^ ( ( + ) + ( - )) ( + ) + ^ = .
2

4 2 ( + ) + 4 ( + ) ( - ) + 1 = .

( + ). 1.27. = - ^ + ( + ), = ^ +

+ ( ), 2 = + 2 = - + ( + &),

= - - ^ + ( - &), 2 = ~ + 2, = - + ( + ),

= ^ + ( - ), 2 = - ^ + 2&, = + ( + ),

= - ^ + ( - ), 2 = - + 2, 2, 62. 1.30.

= 8/, / 2. 1.31. = 4/, / 2. 1.32. = - %+ /,


/ 2 , 1.33. = 18 + 24/, I 2 . 1.34. . 1.35.

= - + 3/, 1 2 . 1.36. = ^ + /, 1 2 . 1.37. = 4.

( + - 4 ) + (- - 4 ) = 2,

644
. . .
(73 + / 4 ) = 1,
' (- / 4 ) 1.

[ + / - 4 = 2, [ = + ,
1'- / 4 = 2, [ 4 = , & N, N.

, = 1.
N N

= 1 = 1. 1.38. = ^ + 1, I 2. 1.39.

. . ,

= 1,
. X
31- = 1


. 1.40. = + , = + , 2 .
4 4

1.41. ~ , = , & 2 . 1.42. = | + /, = -


6 2 6
. 7
----- , & 2 . 1.44. = + 2 = 2, 2 . 1.45.

= + 2 = 2, %. 1.46. = ^ +


= , 2 . 1.47. = - + 7 = &, 2 . -
2 2
. 4 + 7 ( + ) = 1.
*
1.48. / = 1, ; 1, = +

= , 2 . 1.49. = ^ + = 2, 2 .

. ,
^ 2 2 ^ 2 .
1.50. . . -
V812 3= 2 3 . 1.53. .

645
. ._______________________________

VI.54. : = , 2 . 1.55. = ^ + , 2 . 1.56.

. 1.57. = + 2, 2 . 1.58. = , 2.
.

= 1, = - 1 ,

{ 5 = 1 | 5 1.

1.59. = , 2. 1.60. = + , 2. 1.61. = ^ +


4 4

+ 2, 2 . VI.62. = ^ + 2 , 2. 1.63. .

. , + 2 \ 5 . 1.64. = - +

+ > 5. 1.65 = ;&, 2?. 1.66* .

1.670 = : + 2:&, 1.68 + 2, & 2 . .

V 4- ( - ) 2,


= =
2
2 V
~~ 2
,

2. .69. - \ + 2, 2 . 1.72.
4

= + 2 ( - ), = - + 2 ( - 2), 2, 2.

1.73. - ^ + , = ~ + 2, 2 , 2. 1.74. = ,
2
, 2, 2 , 2. 1.75. = ,
> " ' = - +

646
. . .

= ^ + , , . 1.76. = - 1 + 2*, = | +

,
+ 2 , 2 . 1.77. = + , = + 2, 2,
* & *
2 . .
1_
2 + 5 ( + 6)2.
2

( 2 + .\ ) + ( |2 + 1
032
I 8; I
^ | 2 + 2 + + ^5I = |1 +
2 ^ 8112X 2^ 2 ^ 2 2 2
^ | \
VI. 78. = + , = + I I, 2 , 2.

. + & 2 '/ ( 5 ,
). \%>*X + 5 21212 \&* + 14 +
+ 2 12 12 ^ 2 (12 12 + 12 12 ) 5

3 2 2 V 12 12 (8 12 = 4.

VI.79. = - - , = - - . . -

2
= . 1.80. = 2, =

2 + 2/:, 2.

VII
.. ) - 3 ^ - 1 ; ) < ^ ; ) < 1 > 1;

) ^ 5; 3) ^ ^ ^ ; ) ^ ^ ; ) << 0; )

^ ^ 1. . 4 + 4 = 1 - ^ 2 2; ) <
< 1. .4. = - 3, - 2 , - I . .5. = 2. .8. )-)
; 3) - + ^ ^ + , 2; ) ;
4 4

647
. . .

) -- - ^ ^ -- - , 2 ; ) - $ 1 ^ ^ 1; )
**
.
1 ^ 1; ) ; ) ! + < <

<1 + , 2 ; ) 1 < < . .10. ) ^ ; )
^ *
2 5
=5 - ~ ^ 2; ) < - 2 > - 2 ; ) <^

> ^; 3) 5 2 = - 1 ; ) < 1 > 1; ) ;


) = 4 4 ^ ^ 5; ) = 1 7 ^ =5 8; ) *$ 1
1; ) . .12. ) ' ^ < 2~; )
^3
- / - 1 < =5 - 1; 0) 1 - ^ + 1 ; ) -

< ^ 3) ^ 5 VII. 14. ) -1 ^ < 1;

) 2 < ^ 1 3 $ 5 5; ) 4 < 6;

) | - | ^ 2 + ^ ; 3) 0 ^ ^ | + ^ . .17. ) - 1 ^ <

<- ^ - ^ < ^ 1; ) ^ 1; 0) -1 ^ < ^

3 < 1; ) > 2 * < " 3 ~ 3 < ^ 2 ;


;
0) - < < - ; ) - 1 ^ < 0 < ^ 1; ) - 1 < <

0<<1; ) - ^ ^ < < , > ; )

< - ^ ^ < < 0, > 0 ; ) - 1 < < - ^


I I 1 \/" ,/
~ 2 < 2 ' 117111 2 < < ^ ^
1 < < < <
^3 ^2 " ^2 "
< ~2 ~ > 2 < < \ \ ) 1 ^ < < < ,
/ 7
} ^2 1 1
0 < < - 2 ~ , - 2 ~ < < 1; ) - 1 =5 < - - -^<<0,

648
. . .
1 1
0 '< < - , - < 1 ; ) - < -
^ ^ 4

. ^ . ^ ^
- ^ ; ) < - > ; ) < > ; )
0 4 0 0 4 4

< ^ > ^ ; ) < - ^ > - ^ . .20. ) = ;


4 4 6 6
= ; ) = - 1 ; ) = 1; 3) 5 ; ) < 0 > 0; )
- 1 ^ ^ 1 ; ) ; ) ; )-) = 0. .22.

) = 1; = - ^ ; ) = 1; ) = 3; 3) = 1. .23. )

= ^; ; ) = ^ ; ) = 3. .25.
) < 1 > 1, ; = - 1

- ^ < < 0, = 1, ; - 1 < ^ ^

< 1, ; < 1 > 1,


"
; = 1 ^ < , ;
"
- 1 < < ^ ^ < 1, ; ) < - 1
\ /
> 1, ; = 1 < =5 ,

; 1 < < - < < 1,



2"
; ) < > 1, ;

^ <2< 0 = 1, ; < < 1,
; 3) < - 1 > 1, ; = 1
/
^ ^ 1, ; - 1 < < ,


; ) < - 1 > , ;
/2~ V7!
= - 1 ^ ^ , ; - 1 < < ,

1 1
. .28. ) 3= ; 5 2 - 4 ;
6

649
. . .
\9 1 5 5
) & ; ) & + 3) ^ ; ) & ; )

2= ; ) - \ ) ^ . .29. = - . .31. )
\ 1 \ 1
< > 1, = ) =5
1 /2- /2~
| < 1; ) - $ 1. .32. ) < - - = ,
^"
> 1; ) = 1 ^ < 0; ) - < ^ 1

< . VII.33. ) > 0 = - ^ , ^ ;


* * *
1 1
) - < ^ 0 < < - ) . .34. )

> 1 = 5 ) = 1 ^ < < ' ,

^ < < )" ^ < 1. .35. ) < - 1 =

/
>- - ; ) - ^ < ^ - 11 ^ < < = - 1. .36.
/ 2 ~ 1 1 /2~
) > - = - < 1; ) 2 < ^ 2~

= - 1 ; ) - ^ < ^ ~ ~ - 1 5 < - .37. ) > 1

1 "
= - , - I; ) = 1 = - I ; ) -<<1

1 < < .38. = 2 = 4. .39. ^ 3


= - 2, 5 - I. .40. = '/. .42. ) ^ -

^ 31 5
= , > ) < = - - ,

. . . 2 2
> ; ) < = , 5 ; ) 5
4 4
_ 4
= - , 2= - ) < = - , > .

650
. . .
.45. ) < - 1 3 1; ) ^ 2 > 4;) <

= ~ , > 1. .46. ) < ^ = 0, 3 ^ ;

) ^ - ^ , 3 ^ ; ) 0 = ^ ,
4
^ ^ ^ _ 7
3: ; ) - , 3 ; 3) < = ,
2 0 2 4 2
2
^ ; ) < - = - , ^ . 0470 )

^ - 1 = - ? = , ^ 1; ) ^ - 4
4
5
= , = - , > 2* .49 ) | | > 1

/2
= , ; | I = 1 , -


; | | < 1 ^ , ;

), ), ) | | > 1 , ; | | = 1
\
| | ; | | <1 | | * ,
2 2
; ) | | 3 1 0 < < 1 ,
; - 1 < ^ , ; ) | | > 1,

; \\ = 1 \\ = , ;

/2
| | <1 \\ = , ; ) \\ > 1 ,


; | \ = 1 0 < < 1, ,
/2
; 1 < ^ * ,

. .52. ) < - 4 = - , = 3, > 2;


) < 2 1, >2; ) < 0 = 1,
> 4; ) < - 1 = 0, > 1; 3) < - 3
- 1 < < 1 , >9. . / ( ) = 0
( ) = 0, , ;

651
. . .
) <2 ^ - 2
<2 ^ - 2 ; ) < = 2, = 3,
>4; = 3 <2 = 4, < 1 , >5. .
,

= ,
1
= .

, 4 2 - 4 3 +
+ 3 = - 2 ( - 4) 2 ,
= ,
1
= , = - ,

4 2 - 2 (<2 - 2) + <2 - 3 = -3
=

< - 3
= ,
2
-3 1
2 2
- ;
2 > 1;

) < - - /~ < < , > 12, = 3.

VIII
+ 1
VIII. 16, X= VIII 7. = ^ . VIII 8.
4
/2 /
= - = VIII.19. =
2 4 " *................... 2
/~-/ 5
= ----- ------ . .20. = .21. = = .
. ,
(1; ). :
1
= (; | ) . VII^22. <. .
51
= , [0; ],

652
. . .

<
( + 2 ) . ,

^ + ^ .
.23. 27 . . , , ,
1. , 3= 3=
> 1, = 43 - > .
< - 1 . , =
( ^ ) , , = 9, 27 . ,

= 27 , [; ]. .24. 2 + 2 1. .
= , ( 6 [; 2))
+ = 1. ,

[0; 2). .25. . .
, | | $ . . .26.
| | > . . = 0, .
* 0 = | | , = | | ,
4 " 6\/ 2 = '9
[0; 2). .27. = 13
13 13
I . .28. 2 = ^ , 2 = 3. .
, 5 [; 2),
= , = . , 1 ^ 2 ^ 2,
= 2 ^1 + ^ 2 | . .29. = - = ^ .
. = , = . ..
> - ^ . .
3 42
.31.
+ 2
. .
2
, 2 , . . . , 2 , =
2" +
, _ .
.32. = *, = 1 2, 2 = 1 4,
7 7
: : 2 31 _
; ; ; ; . . = 18 . - <
7 ' 7 ' 7 7 ) 2

653
. . .

< < , = 2, %4, * = .

= 8 = , .. .

= &, = , = <, , 0, < ; ^ .


| ( - / 3 ) | + | ( / 3 - ) | 3= | 8 ( - > ) | . ,
- ( 1 + - < = <,
| | + | | ^ | ( + ) | . .34. * = 3 > = 2 > 2 = 1

= , = , = 1. . , ,
, (0; 0; 0)
, ( - 0; - 0; 2 0) .

. = ,

= 18 2 * * = 18 2 * & 9 ( *) , , /3,
31 81 81
. , = -- = 2- ,
3 4 5
, -
3, 4, 5. .35. = 2 - 3~, = ^, 2 = 2 - ! 1.36.
<
. - ^ , = 18 2 > 2 = 18 2 , +
+ + < = .
+ + < = < ($<. 1.37. . -

= - , = 2 = 12 9 2 9 2 2 ~ 0
,
2 + 2 + 2< ^ + /5 + <, , 9 ~
. 1.38. . = <,
= , = <, , , < . ,
+ + < = . -

+ + < = 1 + 4 ^ - , , /8,
^
< .

654

I.
.................................................................................. 5
81. ..................................................... 5
2. ........................... 19
3. .............................................. 191
4. ........................................... 234

II. ........................... 247

1. ........................................ 271

IV. .............. 323

V.
............................................................................... 381
1. ................................. 381
2. ................. 433
3. .............................. 479
4. ........................................................... 499
5. .................................................................. 517

VI.
........................................................................ 521

VII. .................................... 533

VIII. . . . . 554

. . . 566
-
: 36'6 : , ., . 3
(.. )
- ./ : (0 9 5 )2 6 1 -2 4 -9 0 ,
267-28-33, 265-20-38,
267-29-69
: . , , * 11
.: (09 5 ) 523-92-63,
523-11-10
( , ., . 3,
): . .
.: (0 9 5 )2 6 5 -8 1 -9 3

: 107078, , / 245, 36*6

-
- :
. (812) 567-47-55, 567-53-30



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064267 24.10.95.
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N2 -773 27.05.97.
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107078, , / 5.
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252047, , , 50.

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170040, , 50- , 46.