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bushings

PnO
Condenser bushings
52-245 kV

A Company of AREVA T&D

Oil-tO-air - Oil-impregnated Paper


ieC standards 60137

PnO bushings are capacitance graded bushings with an


oil-impregnated paper core. they meet ieC 60137 standards:
insulated bushings FOr alternating VOltages abOVe
1000 V. they are designed for use in power
transformers and can be installed up to a maximum
of 45 inclination off the vertical.

Design, components and manufacturing technology promote an average lifetime


in excess of 30 years under normal operating conditions.
The bushing is designated as follows:

PNO.145.650.800.X.Y
> PNO IEC type Condenser Bushings, Oil-Impregnated Paper
(OIP) oil-to-air application
> 145 Insulation class in kV
> 650 BIL in kV
> 800 Rated current in A
>X Cantilever load: N = Normal
H = Heavy
>Y Oil side shield: N = Normal
L = Removable upwards (for 245 kV only)

VOltage and Current ratings


Rated voltage range for PNO bushings, normal cantilever load, is 52 to 170 kV.
Heavy cantilever load is 52 to 245 kV. PNO bushings, for a rated voltage, are
designed in order to have the same overall dimensions for all the normal service
currents. There are three connection alternatives for the conductor:
> Draw lead connection for 800 and 1250 A
> Draw rod connection for 1250 A
> Bottom connection, using a rigid conductor, for 1600 A
Using suitable accessories, any draw rod 1250 A bushing can be converted to
draw lead bushings, only for minimum under flange sleeve length, and vice versa.
Minimum 1250 A draw lead conductor sections are listed in fig. 12.

Customer benefits

Bushings with longer lifetime


and higher reliability
Utilization under extreme
weather condition (lower
pour-point value)
No oxidation phenomena
typical with mineral oil
No performance reduction
with age
Main Features
PnO: ieC standards Condenser bushings

> Range 52 to 245 kV


1
> Current up to 1600 A

> Oil-Impregnated Paper


2
> Air side: porcelain insulator or composite insulator

> Oil side: epoxy resin insulator

> Partial discharge: max. 5 pC at 1.5 Un


3

> Synthetic impregnating oil DDB


Dodecylbenzene fully miscible with transformer oil
4
> Provided with power factor tap 1
(voltage tap upon request)

> Draw lead for 800-1250 A - draw rod for 1250 A


5 2
bottom connection for 1600 A applications

> Head made of special UHV filter prismatic glass


with oil level indication visible at any angle of sight
3
> Flange made of cast aluminum alloy.
Standard angle of installation max of 45 off vertical
4

7
6
1 - HV Terminal
2 - UHV filter glass
3 - Porcelain 7
4 - OIP Condenser 8
5 - Winding tube
6 - Power factor tap 8
or voltage tap
7 - Flange 9
8 - Epoxy resin insulator
9 - Oil side shield 9

Fig. 1: Bushings 245 kV Fig. 2: Bushings 52 to 170 kV


Heavy Cantilever load Normal Cantilever load
ManuFaCturing air side
The main electrical component is the condenser body, The air side insulator is made of brown porcelain.
manufactured using a continuous sheet of pure kraft Grey porcelain or composite insulator (resin fiberglass
paper, wound around a central conductor tube or rod. envelope covered by silicone sheds) is available upon
During the winding process, the paper is dried by request. The typical creepage distance is suitable for very
heated cylinders in order to reduce its water content to heavy polluted atmospheres. The shed configuration
1% maximum. A series of aluminum foils are coaxially is an alternating type: short-long shed (fig. 3). This is
inserted between the layers of the paper, to achieve the the most effective solution, proven by salt spray tests.
best possible distribution of the radial and longitudinal The shed profile complies with IEC 60815 - 1986
electrical gradients between the central tube and recommendations. A one-piece porcelain or multiple
the flange, which is grounded. The winding is made pieces porcelain, in order to meet Standards or special
by computer-controlled machines, with subsequent requirements, are used for bushings. Multiple pieces
machining to achieve the final shape. After winding, are glued using epoxy resin, without use the of gaskets,
each bushing is individually assembled and placed and the final porcelain is considered as a single piece (it
into an oven and then processed under vacuum for the passes IEC 60233 - 1974, clause 6 tests).
appropriate period of time. Each one is then impregnated
with synthetic oil, which has been degassed and
processed so that it has a maximum water content of 3 Flange
ppm. Each bushing is placed under pressure to insure
The flange is made of cast aluminum, and is equipped
thorough impregnation and to test that it is properly
with the following accessories:
sealed. After impregnation, the bushing head is filled
with a nitrogen cushion. This process is automatic and
> Lifting holes
computer controlled.
> Power factor tap, tested at 2 kV for 60 s (fig. 4), and/
or voltage tap, upon request (fig. 5)
tOP terMinal > Buchholz relay connection: 1/2 gas outlet plug
The standard bushing top terminal is made of aluminum > Oil sampling plug (for 145 kV bushings).
without any surface treatment. Upon request, it can be
supplied in tinned or silvered copper. Draw lead or draw
rod type bushings (800 and 1250 A) have a removable
6
top terminal. This terminal is connected to the copper
inner terminal lug or the draw rod by means of multi- 7 4 6 5
blade contacts and is secured to the bushing head by 7 4 5 8
screws. In bottom connected bushings (1600 A), the
inner non-removable rod also acts as top terminal.

head and Oil leVel indiCatiOn


The metal components of the head are made of a cast
aluminum alloy. Bushings have an oil head reservoir,
prismatic in shape, made of borosilicate glass, and
containing a UHV filter, which allows for an easy check
of the oil level even from a distance and at any angle of
3 2 1 3 2 4 1
sight.
Fig. 4: Power Factor Tap Fig. 5: Voltage Tap

1 - Closing and grounding cap 1 - Closing and grounding cap


2 - Measurement electrode 2 - Measurement electrode
9

3 - Insulation tap 3 - Insulation tap


y 4 - Gasket 4 - Gasket
30

5 - Tap flange 5 - Filling plug


26

24

6 - Bushing flange 6 - Bushing flange


7 - Last layer 7 - Connection to internal layer
67

6,5

45 8 - Tap external housing


30
41

24

x
60

Fig. 3: Porcelain profile


Oil side
The oil side envelope is made of a molded epoxy resin. Saturated lateral chain
This resin is a two-part compound consisting of a resin
base and a hardener; the filler material is quartz sand.
The epoxy resin envelope permits shapes, thickness
and dimensional tolerances not possible with porcelain.
Under flange sleeve length for CT accommodation, ---(CH2)9-13---(CH3)
different from standard, is available upon request. In
this case, the grounded part is obtained by means of a Benzenic ring
metallic tube or directly by the last metallic layer inside
Fig. 7: DDB dodecylbenzene synthetic oil
the condenser body.

Oil side shield


insulating Fluid
The bottom end of the bushing is shielded by a proper
deflector, made of aluminum alloy. It is designed to We have over 20 years of field-proven experience with
reduce the electric field stress in oil and to screen oil-impregnated paper bushings using synthetic oil
the connection between the lead coming from the dodecylbenzene (DDB).
transformer winding and the bushing itself. Bushings up DDB oil is a mixture of monoalkylbenzols: a benzenic
to and including 170 kV have a deflector integrated in ring with lateral saturated chain (fig. 7). This oil has
the epoxy resin tail. 245 kV 1600 A bushings have an superior dielectric and insulating characteristics than
aluminum shield that can be moved upwards. The same mineral oil:
shield is available, upon request, for 800 and 1250 A
bushings. > Superior and constant dielectric qualities (non aging)
> High gas absorption under electrical field stress and
high temperature
asseMbling
> Negligible toxicity
The mechanical coupling among all the parts of the
bushing is made by means of springs placed into > Excellent biodegradability
the head of the bushings. 245 kV bushing are always
> Full miscibility with transformer mineral oil
assembled using (air side) porcelain cemented to flange
(fig. 6) as well as the ones for heavy cantilever (H) > A very low pour point and higher flash point
loads. The cement used is quick setting monocalcic- > No PCB content
aluminized type. All cemented surfaces, potentially
in contact with the external environment, are silicone
sealed (fig. 6)

1
2
3

4 1 - Porcelain
5 2 - Cement
3 - Metal cemented ring
4 - Flange
5 - Silicone sealing

Fig. 6: Cemented porcelain


gasKets tYPe tests
Made of Viton , a fluorocarbon rubber elastomer (FPM),

> Measurement of dielectric dissipation factor (tan d),
o-ring type. They are compatible with all the fluids they capacitance and partial discharge quantity before and
are in contact with (bushing impregnating synthetic oil after the series of type tests
and transformer mineral oil). Air side gaskets are carefully
> Wet power-frequency voltage withstand test
protected, by means of a sealing, against influence of
polluting weather elements. For special requirements, > Temperature rise test
such as low ambient temperatures (down to -55C), > Verification of thermal short-time current withstand
special o-rings are used.
> Cantilever load withstand test
> Tightness test
Metal surFaCe treatMent
> Verification of dimensions
All metal bushing surfaces are preliminarily shot-
blasted with stainless steel pellets and finished with an
antioxidant chemical process.
Power factor tap and voltage tap surface finish avoids
any corrosion throughout lifetime and allows for easy
screwing and unscrewing in service. Further finishing or
final painting are the customers option.

arCing hOrns
Adjustable arcing horns are available upon request. The
upper arcing horn is fixed by means of one screw used
to secure the top terminal, while the bottom one is fixed
on a proper threaded flange hole (fig. 8).
H 10

transFOrMer Oil
Synthetic oil DDB used in bushings is completely
miscible with transformer mineral oil. This oil must have
a water content less than 15 ppm for voltage up to
145 kV and less than 10 ppm for 170 kV and above
rated voltage. Its dielectric strength must be higher than
60 kV, according to IEC 60156.

tests
All bushings have electrical characteristics and are
tested in compliance with the latest edition of IEC 60137
Standards: INSULATED BUSHING FOR ALTERNATING
VOLTAGES ABOVE 1000 V and Main National
Standards.

Fig. 8: Discharge distance for a bushing


equipped with arcing horns
PnO
range 52 to 245 kV

Normal cantilever load

Max operating altitude

H (discharge distance)
Heavy cantilever load
frequency withstand

Minimum creepage
Bottom connection
Rated line-to-earth

Dry and wet power

K min. (CT pocket)

C: Arcing distance
(for Normal/Heavy

(for Normal/Heavy
Flexible draw lead
Rated continuous
withstand voltage)
BIL (Dry lightning
Nominal System

voltage (for 60s)

cantilever load)

cantilever load)
Rigid draw rod
connection
connection

distance
impulse
Voltage

voltage

+/-10%
current

Weight
Head Size

diMensiOns

Type kV kV kV A kV mm mm mm N N kg m mm
800 800 X 1000 25
52.250. 1250 52 30 250 1250 95 X* X 50 1722/1662 610/550 1600 32 4000 320
1250
1600 1600 X 40
800 800 X 1000 29
72.5.325. 1250 72.5 42 325 1250 140 X* X 0 2359/2299 760/700 2000 38 3000 450
1250
1600 1600 X 48
800 800 X 1000 43
100.450. 1250 100 58 450 1250 185 X* X 50 3100/3040 985/925 2000 52 2000 600
1250
1600 1600 X 80
800 800 X 1250 84
123.550. 1250 123 71 550 1250 230 X* X 0 3886/3806 1155/1075 3150 95 3000 750
1600
1600 1600 X 106
800 800 X 1250 105
145.650. 1250 145 84 650 1250 275 X* X 100 4539/4459 1405/1325 3150 120 2000 900
1600
1600 1600 X 150
800 800 X 1250 120
170.750. 1250 170 98 750 1250 325 X* X 0 5333/5253 1595/1515 4000 130 2000 1000
1600
1600 1600 X 162
800 800 X - 230
245.1050. 1250 245 142 1050 1250 460 X X 0 --/8224 --/2310 - 4000 265 1000 1450
1600 1600 X - 248
(*) possible only for K minimum - Note: for ratings not listed, consult us.

diMensiOns Head Size D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 R7 D10 D11 D13 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L8 L9 t1 n. F


Type mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm N. mm
800 - -
30 35 860 80 705 14
52.250. 1250 100 185 225 170 100 100 60 95 32 695 240 25 -100 6 16
1600 40 - - 915 125 - - -
800 - -
30 35 1010 80 855
72.5.325. 1250 100 185 225 170 100 125 60 95 32 845 240 25 -100 14 6 16
1600 40 - - 1065 125 - -
800 - -
30 35 1245 80 1090
100.450. 1250 115 250 290 170 115 175 70 130 32 1080 325 50 -100 16 8 16
1600 40 - - 1300 125 - -
800 - -
30 35 1410 80 1255
123.550. 1250 115 250 290 230 115 200 70 130 32 1240 325 50 -100 16 8 16
1600 40 - - 1465 125 - -
800 - -
30 35 1660 80 1505
145.650. 1250 145 290 335 230 145 225 70 130 32 1490 475 50 100 19 12 16
1600 40 - - 1715 125 - -
800 - -
30 35 1850 80 1695
170.750. 1250 145 290 335 230 145 225 70 130 32 1680 475 50 100 19 12 16
1600 40 - - 1905 125 - -
800 - -
30 50 110 200 2745 80 2550 80
245.1050. 1250 175 400 450 270 195 325 40 2525 620 130 22 12 23
1600 40 - 175 250 - 2850 125 - 180 -

1 - HV terminal M12 1 - HV terminal M12

2 - Copperlug 1 - Top closing cap


6 - Multi blades 6 - Multi blades
3 - Pin 3 - Pin
2 - Draw rod
4 - Belleville washers

2 - Belleville washers
4 - Belleville washers
3 - Solid rod
5 - Winding tube 5 - Winding tube

Fig. 9: 52-170 kV bushing head: Fig. 10: 52-170 kV bushing head: Fig. 11: 52-170 kV bushing head:
draw lead connection draw rod connection bottom connection
I (A)

rated voltage < 170 kV


800
700 k=500
k=0
rated voltage 170 kV

Section (mm2)
600 900
k=500
500 800 k=0
400 700

Section (mm2)
300 600
200 500
400
100
300
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 200
I (A) 100
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300
I (A)

rated voltage < 170 kV rated voltage 170 kV rated voltage 245 kV
800 900 1000
k=500 900 k=500
700 k=500 800 k=0 k=0
k=0 800
700
Section (mm2)

600

Section (mm2)
Section (mm2)
700
600
500 600
500
400 500
400 400
300
300 300
200 200 200
100 100 100
0 0 0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300
I (A) I (A) I (A)

D5
D4 Fig. 12: Draw lead conductor sections

L4
rated voltage 245 kV
1000
900 k=500
D5 k=0
rated voltage 170 kV D4
800
900
Section (mm2)

700
k=500
L4

800 k=0 600


700 500
Section (mm2)

600 M12 400 M12


1 - HV terminal 300 1 - HV terminal
500
200
400 2 - Copperlug 6 - Multi blades 6 - Multi blades
100
300 3 - Pin 1 - Top closing plate
0 3 - Pin
200 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 2 - Draw
900 rod 1200 1300
1000 1100
100 4 - Belleville washers I (A)
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300
L2

L3

L6
C
I (A)

2 - Springs
4 - Belleville washers
L6
L2

L3

rated voltage 245 kV


1000
900 5 - Winding tube
k=500 5 - Winding tube 3 - Solid rod
k=0
800
Section (mm2)

700
600
500
Fig.
400 13: 245 kV bushing head: draw lead connection Fig. 14: 245 kV bushing head: draw rod connection Fig. 15: 245 kV bushing head: bottom connection
300
200
100
0
t1

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300
I (A)
t1

D7
K

D5 D1
K

D7
D4
L4

D1 45

D6
45
L5

D6
L5

D5
D4 R7 R7
L4

L8

L8

D10
D11 D10
D11
L2

L3

L6
C

1 1

2 2
D3

D2

D3

D2

1 - Air draining plug


L6
L2

L3

3 3 2 - Lifting holes
3 - Power factor tap
t1

+
t1

D7
K

D1 n holes F
K

D7
D1 45

D6
45
L5

D6
L5

R7 R7
5

t1
L8

L8

D10
D10 F+8
D11
D11

Fig. 16: PNO Bushings 52 through 170 kV Fig. 17: PNO Bushings 245 kV Fig. 18: Flange fixing holes

1 1
rOutine tests
> Dielectric dissipation factor (tan d), capacitance and
partial discharge quantity measurement
> Dry lightning impulse voltage withstand test (BIL)

K
K
> Dry power-frequency voltage withstand test

L9
> Measurement of partial discharge quantity D13

L5
> Test of tap insulation D13

Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for information
L5
> Tightness test

30

L8
> Tightness test at the flange

120
L8
> Visual inspection and dimensional check

purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in it. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.
30 40

PaCKing - transPOrtatiOn Fig. 19: 52-170 kV bushing tail: Fig. 20: 52-170 kV bushing tail:
draw rod connection bottom connection
After tests and before packing, the bushing is cleaned
of any oil or dust. Thanks to a special device to prevent
the diffusion of the nitrogen cushion out of the head and
into the lower end of the bushings, each bushing can
be packed and shipped secured in horizontal position.
This insures minimal crate dimensions and reduced

L9
transportation costs. Proper protection is used for oil
side shields. Bushings up to and inducing 170 kV are
normally shipped in crates containing three pieces.
D13
D13

naMePlate

Products-L3-PNO 52_245-71687-V1-EN - - AREVA 2007. AREVA, the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA.
Each bushing is provided with a nameplate, containing
complete electrical data and its serial number, in
accordance with the requirements of IEC Standards.
30

The stainless steel nameplate is secured to the flange

120
with rivets and includes the following information (fig.
23):

30
38 40

All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. - 389191982 RCS PARIS
Fig. 21: 245 kV bushing tail: Fig. 22: 245 kV bushing tail:
draw rod connection bottom connection

MILAN 1 - Bushing type


I TA LY
8 2 - Insulating voltage SERIAL NR.
MILAN - I TA LY
PASSANTE-BUSHING-TRAVERSEE-DURCHFUHRUNG 3 - Rated current
1 STANDARD REF.
N 4 - Max. mouting angle off
7
of the vertical CAP. C1 pF CAP. C2 pF
kV A
2 5 - Weight
3 DISSIPATION FACTOR AT 10 kV - 20 C %
50-60Hz Kg 6 - Blank (available)
7 - Serial number
8 - Month - year of final tests
4 5 6
Fig. 23: Identification Nameplate Fig. 24: Test Nameplate (from 123 kV above)

Following the recent acquisition of PASSONI & VILLA, AREVA T&D now offers a large portfolio of condenser
bushings for AC or DC operation. If you require any further information, please address your queries to

A Company of AREVA T&D instrument.transformers@areva-td.com

PassOni & Villa s.p.a


areVa t&d Worldwide Contact Centre: Viale Suzzani, 229
www.areva-td.com/contactcentre/ 20162 MILANO (Italy)
tel. : +44 (0) 1785 250 070 Tel: +39 02 661 221
Fax: +39 02 647 09 06
www.areva-td.com Email: rpv@areva-td.com