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# Communication system

## 1. Name the three basic units of any communication system.

2. Define the terms : signal, noise, attenuation and baseband in connection with communicatino
systems.
3. What is a ground wave ? Why short wave communication over long distance is not possiblevia ground
waves ?
4. Sky waves are not used in transmitting T.V. signals. Why ? State two factors by which the range
of transmission of T.V. signals can be increased.
5. What is meant by the terms modulation ? Explain with the help of a block diagram, how the process
6. What is demodulation ? With the help of a suitable circuit diagram, briefly explain the working of
an amplitude demodulator.
7. A transmitting antenna of the top of a tower has a height 32 m and that of the receiving antenna
is 50 m. What is the maximum distance between them for satisfactory communication is LOS mode ?
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Give radius of earth 6.4 10 m.
OR
Is it necessary for a transmitting antenna to be at the same height as that of the receiving antenna
for line of slight communication ? A TV transmitting antenna is 81 m tall. How much service area it
can cover it the receiving antenna is at the ground level ?
8. Explain the need of modulation in communication system.
9. Derive an expression for amplitude modulated wave. Hence explain the presence of sidebands in
such a wave.
10. On a particular day, the maximum frequency reflected from the ionosphere in 9 MHz. On another
day it was found to increase to 12 MHz. Calculate the ratio of the maximum electron densities of the
ionosphere on the two days. Point out a possible explanation for this.
11. Distinguish between sky wave and space wave propagation give a brief description with the help
of suitable diagrams indicating how these waves are propagated [2010]
12. Name any two types of transmission media that are commonly used for transmission of signals.
[2010]
13.Write the range of frequencier of signals for which these transmission media are used. [2010]
14. State the two main reasons eseplaining the need of modulation for transmission of audio signals.
[2010]
15. Write two factor just flying the need of of modulating a signal A carrier wave of peak voltage 12
V is used to transmit a message signal. What should be the peak voltage of the modulating signal in
order to have a modulation index 75% [2010]
16. Which mode of propagation is used by short wave broadcast servicer having frequency range
from a few MHz upt o 30 MHz ? Explain diagrammatically how long distance communication can be
achieved by this mode. Why is there an upper limit of frequency of waves used in this mode. [2010]
17. Write function of (1) Transducer and (ii) Repeater in the context of cummnication system.
[CBSE 2009]
18. Write factors (two) justifying the need of medulation for transmission for a signal [CBSE 2009]
19. A transmitting antenna at the top of a tower has a height of 36 m and the height of the receiving
antenna is 49 m. What is the maximum distance between them, for satisfactory communication in LOS
mode ? (Radius of earth = 6400 km). [CBSE 2008]
20. A carrier wave of peak voltage 20 V is used to transmit a message signal. What should be the
peak voltage of the modulating signal, in order to have a modulation index of 80 % Y. [CBSE 2008]
21. What should be the length of dipole antenna for a carrier wave of frequency 5 10 8 Hz.
[CBSE 2007]
22. A TV tower has a height of 71 km. What is the maximum distance upto which TV transmission can
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be received ? Radius of earth = 6.4 10 m [CBSE 2007]
23. A ground receiver station is receiving signals at (i) 5 MHz and (ii) 100 MHz, transmitted from a
ground transmiiter at a height of 300 m located at a distance of 100 km. Identify whether the signals
are coming via space wave or sky wave propagation or satellite tranponder. Radius of earth = 6400 km;
maximum electron density in ionosphere, Nmax= 1012 m3. [CBSE 2005]
24. A TV tower has a height of 500 m at a given place. If radius of earth is 6400 km, what is it
coverage range? [CBSE 2004]
25. A TV tower has a height of 400 m at a given place. Calculate its coverage range if radius of earth
is 6400 km. [CBSE 2004]
26. What are the directions of electric and magnetic field vectors relative to each other and relative
to the direction of propagation of electromagnetic waves ? [CBSE 2012]
E ^ B & both are ^ to direction of propagation.
27. State the underlying principle of a transformer. How is the large scale transmission of electric
energy over long distances done with the use of transformers ? [CBSE 2012]
28. A circular coil of N turns and radius R carries a current I. It is unwound and rewound to make
another coil of radius R/2, current I remaining the same. Calculate the ratio of the magnetic moments
of the new coil and the original coil. [CBSE 2012]
29. Name the type of waves which are used for line of sight (LOS) communication. What is the range
of their frequencies ? A transmitting antenna at the top of a tower has a height of 45 m and the
height of the recieving atenna is 80 m. Calculate the maximum distance between them for satisfactory
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communication in LOS mode. (Radius of the Earth = 6.4 10 m) [CBSE 2013]