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Science 2

Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science

topic LAWS OF MOTION


objectives
At the end of the session, you should: Session Agenda
Describe the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on I. Newtons First Law of Motion
an object A. The Concept of Inertia
Define mass in terms of its inertia and B. Free-body Diagram
Discuss how inertia works C. Adding Vectors and Net Force
Explain that mass is the property of an object which resists II. Newtons Second Law of Motion
change in motion A. Unbalanced versus Unbalanced Forces
Define force in terms of the second law of motion B. Acceleration and Newtons Second Law
Predict and interpret motion in terms of force and mass
Distinguish between mass and weight III. Newtons Third Law of Motion
Define mass in terms of gravitational attraction A. Newton Pairs
Detect the third law at work (rocket propulsion, launching B. Newtons Third Law and Rockets
spaceships, water rocket)

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


NEWTONS FIRST LAW OF MOTION
The Concept of Inertia
Objects tend to continue
INERTIA is the tendency of an
their state of motion
object to resist any change in its
state of motion.

An objects inertia is directly


related to its mass. The larger
the mass, the higher the inertia of
the object

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


NEWTONS FIRST LAW OF MOTION
Law of Inertia
Objects in a state of motion (or at rest) will continue to be in
motion (or at rest) unless acted upon by an external force

=
EQUILIBRIUM

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


NEWTONS FIRST LAW OF MOTION
Free Body Diagram
Free body diagram is used to
visualize the forces acting on an
object as well as their direction
and relative magnitudes

The only rule for drawing free-


Practice:
body diagrams is to depict all the Draw the
FBD for the
forces that exist for that object stoplight
in the given situation.
Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science
NEWTONS FIRST LAW OF MOTION
Net Force
Net Force is the sum total of all
the forces acting on an object.

When the net force acting on a


particular object equal to zero we
say that the forces are balanced
and the object is in equilibrium

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


NEWTONS SECOND LAW OF MOTION
Law of Acceleration
The acceleration produced by a net force on an object
is directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force
and is inversely proportional to the mass of the object

=
UNBALANCED FORCES

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


NEWTONS third LAW OF MOTION
Law of Interaction
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the second
object exerts an equal but oppositely directed force on the first object

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science


references
Fong, J. Kwan, L. Lam, E. Lee, C. Lim, L (2013). Lower Secondary Science Matters. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Education.
Hewitt, P. G. (2007). Conceptual Integrated Science. San Francisco: Pearson/Addison Wesley.
What is a force? (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://openstudy.com/updates/550e2121e4b0a88393e4fb2e

Integrated Science 2 | Exploring & Understanding the Interconnections of Science