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Seismic Load

Calculations
Group 6
This is basically a tutorial guide for students/aspiring
engineers for computing the seismic loadings of a
certain structure.

Submitted by:

JAZMIN, Allan Carlo S.


LIM, Mark Hil G.
MACAPAGAL, Dax Ulysses C.
MAGISTRADO, John Paulo B.
MOLINA, Jermaine M.
VILLEGAS, Ralph Don B.

Submitted to: Engr. Jonas Quero

8/1/2017
Seismic load computation
As stated in the National Structural Code of the Philippines 208.5.2 Static Force
Procedure, the total base shear of the structure is determined using the following
equation:

The total base shear should not exceed equation for the maximum total base shear which is:

The total design base shear should not be less than to the equation for minimum total base
shear which is:

For seismic zone 4, the total base shear should not be less than the equation:

To solve the value of the total base shear (V), all the required variables for the equations
should be determined.

Step 1 (Zone Factor, Z)

As stated in the national structural code of the Philippines 208.4.4.1, the Philippine
archipelago is divided into two seismic zones. The zone 2 covers only the provinces of Palawan, Sulu,
and Tawi-tawi while the rest of the country is under seismic zone 4 (Figure 1). Each structure shall be
assigned as seismic zone factor Z in accordance with Table 208-3.

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010


Figure 1. Seismic Zones of the Philippines

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010

Step 2 (Importance Factor, I)


The importance factor is based on the Occupancy Category. It is utilized in
calculating flood, wind, snow, seismic, and ice design loads. The importance factor is a
multiplier that increases or decreases the base design loads. For importance factor, base to
the table 208-1 and determine the occupancy category.

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010


Step 3 (Ductility Capacity Coefficient or Response Modification Coefficient, R)
The response modification coefficient results from simplifying the seismic design
process so that linear elastic, static analysis can be used for building designs. It is known
from experience that structures can withstand large amplitude of forces, without excessive
strength deterioration, than they were designed for through inelastic strength behaviour. To
obtain this coefficient, refer to the table 208-11A.

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010

Step 4 (Soil Profile Type)


Soil Profile is determined as a vertical section of soil that is exposed by a hole that is
dug from the surface of the soil to the underlying bedrock. There are six different soil profile
types as seen in the NSCP. The soil profile type depends on the location of the structure.
Refer to Table 208-2 for determine the soil profile types.
Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010

Step 5 (Seismic Coefficient, Ca and Cv)


The seismic coefficients are dimensionless coefficients which represent the
maximum earthquake acceleration as a fraction of the acceleration due to gravity. Those
coefficients are determined in tables 208-7 and 208-8 using the given soil profile type.

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010


Step 6 (Near Source Factors, Na and Nv)
The near source factor is used as a multiplier to the seismic coefficient. It is used to
determine the seismic coefficient related to both proximity of the building or structure to
known faults with magnitude as set forth in tables 208-4, 208-5 and 208-6.

Source: National Structural Code of the Philippines 2010

Step 7 (Elastic Fundamental Period of Vibrations, T)


Elastic fundamental period of vibration is used to determine the design base shear as
well as the exponent k that establishes the distribution of the shear along the height of the
structure. To compute for the value of the elastic fundamental period of vibration of the
structure in the direction under consideration, the formula stated in 208.5.2.2 method A is
to be used:

where;
= 0.0853 for steel moment-resisting frames;
= 0.0731 for reinforced concrete moment-resisting frames and eccentrically
braced frames;
= 0.0488 for all other buildings and;
= the total height of the building
Step 8 (Total Seismic Dead Load, W)
Refer to the provision 208.5.1.1 and 208.5.2.1 of National Structural Code of the
Philippines 2010 to determine all the types of of load to be included for the total seismic
dead load.

Step 9 (Seismic Load Distribution)


To distribute the base shear to each floor of the building, it must be multiplied to the
ratio of the certain weight (W) and height (h) of the floor from the ground divided to the
summation of all weights and heights of each floor as should in the formula: