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# EXPERIMENT No.

5
LINEAR AIR TRACK

## AIM: (i) To verify Law of momentum conservation for elastic collision

(ii) To calculate coefficient of restitution for elastic collision

FORMULA USED:

Velocity (v) =

Momentum before collision (Pi) = mpvpi ; vti = 0.0 m/s Momentum after collision (Pf) = mpvpf + mtvtf
Modulus of velocity of approach = vpi-vti Modulus of velocity of separation = vtf-vpf
Coefficient of restitution (e) =

## OBSERVATION AND CALCULATIONS:

Least count of weighing machine = Least count of timer =
Mass of target (mt) = Length of flag = 10 cm
Mass of projectile (mp) = Target velocity before collision = 0.0 m/s

Mass Firing tpi (ms) tpf (ms) ttf (ms) vpi (m/s) vpf (m/s) vtf (m/s) Pi (kg Pf (kg Modulus of Modulus
combinations Speed Before After After Projectile Projectile Target m/s) m/s) Velocity of of velocity
collision collision collision velocity velocity velocity Before After Separation of
before after after collision collision (m/s) approach
collision collision collision (m/s)
mt -mp Max
Min
mt+100 - mp Max
Min
mt mp+100 Max
Min
mt+300 - mp Max
Min
mt - mp+300 Max
Min

Graph-1: Plot Pf vs Pi and find slope of straight line (for calculation, please use back page of graph paper).
Graph-2: Plot modulus of velocity of separation vs modulus of velocity of approach and find coefficient of restitution i.e.
slope of straight line (for calculation, please use back page of graph paper).
ERROR ANALYSIS: Calculate error in slope for both graphs (please use back page of this sheet).
RESULTS: (i) The law of momentum conservation is verified with Pf/Pi = ---------------- ---------------
(ii) The coefficient of restitution = ---------------- ----------------

Please attach two plotted graph paper with this sheet before submission.