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Q11 4.20 v = 14.7 , v = 3.5 ms-1.

2010 Physics Trial Exam 1 Solutions


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Q12 Work done by Fav = change in kinetic energy of the rifle:
1
Fav 0.025 = 4.20 3.52 , Fav 1.03 103 N.
Area of study 1 Motion in one and two dimensions 2

120 Q13 Action: Rifle on cushion. Reaction: Cushion on rifle.


Q1 Speed = circumference / time taken = 6.28 ms-1.
60
Q14 The net force on the ball must be zero for it to move in a
straight line at constant speed. Corner C provides a reaction
v2 6.282 force on the ball opposite to the force of gravity.
Q2 Fnet = ma = m = 75 49 N
r 60
1
Q3 Centripetal force, W. Q15 Weight W = force of gravity .
r2
At r = 1R , W = 9.6N.
20 1000
Q4 Force constant k = gradient = = 4.0 10 4 Nm-1. 1
0.5 At r = 2 R , W = 9.6 = 2.4 N.
4
Q5 Gravitational potential energy changes to elastic potential
aB g M 2M X
1 1 Q16 = Y = Y = =2.
energy: mgh = kx 2 , 40 10 (2 + x ) = 4.0 10 4 x 2 , aA g X MX MX
2 2
50 x 2 x 2 = 0 , x = 0.21 m = 21 cm.
WB m B g Y 2 m A 2
Q17 = = =4.
Q6 It is possible for the skier to move under gravity only, i.e. WA m A g X mA
zero reaction force from the ski slope along the entire parabolic
path QR. This occurs when the path of the skiers projectile 4 2 r 4 2 r
motion is the same as the parabolic path QR. In this situation the Q18 a = 2
, T2 = .
T a
skier experiences weightlessness. 2 1
TB g g 1 T 1
2
= 1Y = X = , B = 0.71 .
Q7 At R, increase in kinetic energy = decrease in gravitational TA gX g Y 2 T A 2
1 1
potential energy: mv 2 mV 2 = mgh , v 2 V 2 = 2 gh ,
2 2
v = V 2 + 40 .
V 2 + 40
Vertical component: v y = V 2 + 40 sin 45 = ms-1.
2 Area of study 2 Electronics and photonics
2 2
Q8 Vertical component: v y = u y + 2as y , R2 R4
Q1 V2 = 9.0 = 6.0 V; V4 = 9.0 = 3.6 V.
R1 + R2 R3 + R4
2 V 2 + 40
v y = u y + 2as y = 0 + 2 10 2 = 40 , = 40 , VPQ = 6.0 3.6 = 2.4 V.
2
V = 40 = 6.3 ms-1. 1 15
Q2 Rtotal = 1 1
= k.
0.5+1+ 3+ 2 13
4
Q9 Horizontal component: Vt = 4 , t = = 0.63 s. V 9.0
40 I= = 15 3
= 7.8 10 3 A = 7.8 mA.
Rtotal 13 10
1 2
Alternatively, vertical component: s y = u y + at ,
2
Q3 Ptotal = VI = 9.0 7.8 10 3 0.070 W.
1
2 = 0 + 10 t 2 , t = 0.63 s.
2
0.50
Q4 When V = 0.50 V, I = 20 mA. R = = 25
r r
( )
Q10 p = mv = 0.0525 + 280 0 = + 14.7 kg ms-1. 20 10 3

2010 Physics Trial Exam 1 Solutions Copyright 2010 itute.com


Q5 Detailed study 2
Investigating materials and their use
in structures

1 2 3 4 5 6
A A B D C A

7 8 9 10 11 12 13
C D B D C A A

Q1 The combined weight of the cable and the mass is greatest at


point P. A

Q2 Since the tension is greatest at point P, .: the stress is


greatest at point P. A

0.275
Q3 E = gradient = 69 GPa. B
0.004
When I = 29 mA, Vresistor + Vdiode = 0.725 + 0.775 = 1.5 V.
al E
v 5 Q4 = E , = . For constant , = steel . D
Q6 Voltage gain = o = = 50 . E steel Eal
vi + 0.1
Q5 C
Q7
Q6 A

Q7 C

Q8 D

Q9 B

8900
Q10 = 18 kPa. D
0.40 2

Q11 The door is kept in equilibrium, .: net torque is zero. C

Q12 = r F = 0.75 sin 60 3 = 1.95 Nm clockwise. A

Q13 Net torque is zero.


.: the torque of the spring-closer is 1.95 Nm anticlockwise. A
Q8 25C.

R 8.0
Q9 3
= , R = 30 103 = 30 k.
15 10 4 .0
Please inform physicsline@itute.com re conceptual,
Q10 The resistance of the thermistor will be higher than 15k mathematical and/or typing errors
when the temperature is below 15C, the voltage across it
(output voltage) will then be above 4.0V and the alarm will
remain on.

Q11 C

Q12 B and D.

2010 Physics Trial Exam 1 Solutions Copyright 2010 itute.com