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Narrative: They want you to tell a story.

A story
needs certain elements:

Plot - think of it as conflict, which is usually

labeled "Man vs. [something]" ... "Man vs. Man",
for example, The Dark Knight is Batman vs.
The Joker. "Man vs. Nature", for
example Twister is Bill and Jo Harding vs. a
big tornado. "Man vs. Self", for example The
Lion King is Simba vs himself as he struggles
to come to terms with his place as the king of
pride rock. "Man vs. Society", for
example Mockingjay, Katniss Everdeen vs.
the dystopian society she lives in. "Man vs.
Machine", for example I, Robot, short stories
with various protagonists vs. various
robots. Learn more about conflict
atWikipedia. Alternately, you could think of the
plot as a problem and a solution.
Characters - A short story usually has only
one or two. Develop them with visual detail and
thought or action to show personality.
Setting - A short story takes place
somewhere. Develop the setting using imagery.
Dialogue - Bring your story to life with some
characters talking to each other, or by having
your main character thinking to him/herself
(internal monologue.)
Show, don't tell. Reading a story should be
like experiencing a moment. Here's a tip -
imagine that you have a magical camera on your
shoulder, as you live through the events of the
story. The magical camera can pick up
everything, not just video and audio, but even
smells, tastes, tactile images and feelings,
too. Write down everything that the magical
camera records. Oh, but delete the boring bits.
Let's have a look at an example.

On Nardvark's composition test, he chose the

narrative. First he read the question carefully so
he would not screw up, and then did a quick

Nardvark's prewriting and plan.

Now, here's Nardvark's story.

Giant Anteaters from Mars
It was a typical Saturday. I rolled out of bed at the crack of noon and
got to gaming. My tummy started rumbling so hard that I thought the
tremors would shake my laptop right off it. I realised Id have to go to
Megamart and get some doughnuts and Hi-C.
As I passed, children dropped their tricycles and ran into their houses
crying. Mommy, it has a long nose and a pointy horn! What is it?
I arrived at the shop and held the door open for a woman with handfuls
of carrier bags. She took several steps back, a horrified look on her
Maam, I said.
She gulped.
Shrugging, I entered the Megamart, heading straight to the bakery
aisle. The other shoppers scattered, leaving a mess of aromatic baked
goods in their wake. I selected a dozen assorted doughnuts. That would
keep me going for the day.
Next I would need some beverages. As I reached the fizzy-drinks cooler,
I heard a scream of terror. I didnt think much of it, since there was
usually a lot of screaming going on around me. A short, fat guy with a
pointed horn usually has that effect on people. I started filling my
basket with bubbly drinks in various fruity flavours.
When I turned toward the checkout counters, contemplating whether to
use the self-checkouts or try my luck with an actual person, I was
horrified by what I saw.
Something was eating the customers.
Shoppers were running about like marbles in a bucket, with panicked
faces. One skater boy, his baggy sweatshirt torn down the middle, ran
right past me shouting, Yo, dude, a giant anteater thing with a long
tongue! Its eating everyone, OMG!
Not wanting to be eaten, I dropped my basket and ran for the
door. Just outside, however, hovered a bus-sized beat-up craft covered
in red dust Mars!
Just then I saw it: a fat, green bald thing with no ears, eyes, or nose; just
two tall antennae and a long tube protruding from its head. With its
slick yellow tongue, it was grabbing the screaming shoppers like they were
There are many things about the Nardvark that nobody knows. One is
that I, too, have a long tongue. I realised that only I could stop the
Giant Anteater from Mars from eating any more of my neighbours.
The next time his tongue came out, I stuck mine out. Our tongues got
hopelessly tangled, and he turned towards me wailing. I rammed my horn
right between his feelers.
The people of Megamart cheered, Oh, Nardvark, youre my hero!
I instantly became the subject of many tweets and instagrams. I was
Nard vs GAFM

Not including the title, Nardvark wrote 447

words; perfect for IGCSEs but you'd need to add
a few hundred more words for AS. You will
notice that there are no errors in this story. That
is because Nardvark made sure he had time in
his hour to revise and edit his work.

For more on the five steps of the writing process,

which you should always follow, click here.

Finally, Nardvark's composition is ready to hand

in. It will be sealed in an envelope and sent
overseas for marking. Click here to find out
more about how this paper will be marked.

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