PROJECT
AGARTALA SABROOM NEW BG RAIL LINK PROJECT
CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 3
2 TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES .......................................................................................................... 3
3 GEOMETRY OF CUT PROFILE AND RETAINING STRUCTURES .......................................................... 3
4 GEOTECHNICAL PARAMETERS & SUBSURFACE PROFILE ................................................................ 4
5 DESIGN APPROACH ........................................................................................................................ 5
5.1 EARTH PRESSURE CALCULATION AND RCC RETAINING WALL ..........................................................................5
5.2 GLOBAL STABILITY ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................7
6 ANALYSIS AND RESULTS................................................................................................................. 8
6.1 STABILITY ANALYSIS FOR TEMPORARY CUT SLOPE .........................................................................................8
6.2 SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS OF CUT SLOPE ABOVE RETAINING WALL ................................................................8
6.3 RCC RETAINING WALL WITH PILE FOUNDATION ..........................................................................................9
6.4 RCC RETAINING WALL WITH RAFT FOUNDATION.......................................................................................11
7 SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE ...................................................................................... 11
ANNEXURE I BOREHOLE LOG AND LABORATORY TEST RESULTS FOR BH NO. 16 .....................................
ANNEXURE II CALCULATION OF SEISMIC COEFFICIENT ............................................................................
ANNEXURE III STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF RCC RETAINING WALL & PILE FOUNDATION .....
ANNEXURE IV PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION ...........................................................................................
ANNEXURE V BEARING CAPACITY ANALYSIS ...........................................................................................
ANNEXURE VI STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS FOR RCC RETAINING WALL & RAFT FOUNDAITON ......................
ANNEXURE VII SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS..............................................................................................
ANNEXURE VIII SOLUTION DRAWINGS ....................................................................................................
ANNEXURE IX REFERENCES .....................................................................................................................
2
1 Introduction
Northeast Frontier Railway are constructing new broad gauge rail linking Agartala and Sabroom. The
alignment between Chainage 54.342 and 54.504 km passes through a natural mount. Thus there is a need
to cut the mount to reach formation level. Considering the height of cut and ROW, there is a need to
provide retaining structure. Genstru Consultants Pvt. Ltd. has been awarded the consultancy work for
design of retaining structure between Chainage 54.342 and 54.504 km for construction of railway line.
The objective of the present report is to provide the design of retaining structures for cut slopes on LHS &
RHS.
2 Topographical features
Between Ch. Km. 54.342 and 54.504 the ground level at ROW along the proposed alignment varies from
47.031m to 55.552m on LHS and from 48.437m to 55.547m on RHS. The formation level varies from
37.278 to 37.915m on both LHS and RHS. Thus the height of cut slope varies from 0.90m to 18.0m on LHS
and 1.0m to 18m on RHS respectively. The ROW available is 30m on either side of the centre line of
alignment.
3
A typical sketch of geometry of retaining structures and cut slope is shown in figure 1.
?
RoW = 30.00m
1.5
1
Varies
3.00
1.5 Varies
1
6.00
Varies
3.00
Backfill soil
Temporary Cut
Slope Varies
FORMATION
in-situ LEVEL
Soil
Pile P1 P2 P3
Cohesion [kPa] 60
Cohesion [kPa] 10
4
Strata Parameters Unit Values
Cohesion [kPa] 15
Cohesion [kPa] 0
Concrete
Concrete strength = 30 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity = 29.5 GPa
Steel Reinforcement Fe 500
The subsurface profile considered for analysis shall be as shown in figure 2 below.
5 Design Approach
5
existing ground above the RCC retaining wall shall be cut at 1.5H: 1V slope with 3m berm at every 6m
rise. The active earth pressure acting on RCC retaining wall has been worked out by considering the
inclined backfill. The earth pressure has been evaluated on a vertical plane passing through the heel of
the RCC wall. The coefficient of active earth pressure has been calculated by considering wall friction
angle as 2/3 times angle of internal friction. The horizontal thrust and vertical component of earth
pressure evaluated for all sections in static and seismic condition has been included in Table 2. The earth
pressure distribution and point of application of earth pressure are as shown in Figure 3.
Table 2 Summary of forces due to earth pressure on retaining wall
Height of retaining wall
S. Vertical Component
above formation level Case Horizontal Thrust (kN/m)
No. (kN/m)
(m)
1 Static 251 109
6.00 (Section RS-1)
2 Seismic 610 264
3 Static 144 62
4.50 (Section RS-2)
4 Seismic 350 151
5 Static 85 37
3.00 (Section RS-3)
6 Seismic 207 90
6
(b) Earth Pressure distribution for 4.50m height retaining wall
The design of RCC retaining wall has been carried out in accordance with IS: 456-2000.
7
Slide offers not less than 17 different material strength models for rock and soil including Mohr-Columb,
Anisotropic and Generalized Hoek-Brown. Advanced search algorithms simplify the task of finding the
critical slip surface with the lowest safety factor.
8
Figure 4 Profile Considered for Analysis
FoS
Slope Considered Case Codal
Achieved
Recommendation
The recommended factor of safety in static and seismic conditions are 1.30 (IRC HRB SP-15) and 1.00
respectively. The target factor of safety is considered as per U.S. Department of Transportation Federal
Highway Administration, Publication No. FHWA-NHI-00-043 Mechanically stabilized earth walls and
reinforced soil slopes design & construction guidelines. Also as per the report IITK-GSDMA Guidelines
for Seismic Design of Earth Dams and Embankments Provisions with Commentary and Explanatory
Examples (August 2005; Revised May 2007), a limit equilibrium factor of safety of 1.0 shall be considered
acceptable in the equivalent-static seismic slope stability assessment.
The structural analysis has been carried out to calculate the vertical forces transferred to the piles. The
structural analysis report for section RS-1 and RS-2 has been attached as Annexure III to this report. As
per the structural analysis the piles are subjected to vertical forces as mentioned in table 5 below.
Table 5: Vertical forces in pile
10
2150kN in seismic conditions respectively. The structural analysis and design of retaining wall has been
attached as Annexure III.
Prashant Navalakha
(Principal Consultant)
11
ANNEXURE I BOREHOLE LOG AND LABORATORY TEST RESULTS FOR BH NO. 16
12
13
14
15
ANNEXURE II CALCULATION OF SEISMIC COEFFICIENT
16
17
ANNEXURE III STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF RCC RETAINING WALL &
PILE FOUNDATION
18
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF RCC RETAINING WALL OF
6.0m HEIGHT ABOVE FORMATION LEVEL (OVERALL HEIGHT 8.0m)
Data:
Clear Height of the earth to be retained above
1 ground = 6.75 m
2 Unit weight of the earth retained () = 20 kN/m
3 Angle of repose () = 35 Degrees
4 Materials
Grade of Concrete M 30 mPa
Grade of Steel Fe 500 mPa
5 Modulus of elasticity of steel Es = 200000 N/mm
6 Unit weight of concrete = 25 kN/m
7 Depth of water table from Top = 6.75 m
8 Depth of foundation = 1.25 m
Mu
drequired
Ru . b
drequired = 680.87 mm
Provide dprovided = 940 mm
Overall thickness 'D' = 1000 mm
Thickness of stem at top 'D1' = 300 mm
Design of Stem of Retaining wall
Main steel
Design shear strength 'tc' is obtained from Table 19 page 73 IS 456 : 2000
Vu= 659.3 KN
V Working = 54.94 t
dt = 75 mm
Stirrup Dia. = 10 mm 2
tocmax = 3.50 N/mm
No. of Stirrup Leg = 6
Vu = 82.41 t Vus/d = 3.460 kN/cm
Vuc = 49.78 t
Hence Provide Shear links in wall bottom T10 @ 300 C/C Vertically to each bars.
Design of Pile Cap
STATIC CASE
SEISMIC CASE
Design moments
RT-Static = Raft Top Static Case Moment, Mu1 = 1.5x 1351 = 2026.5 KNm
RT-Seismic = Raft Top Seismic Case Moment, Mu2 = 1.5x 4021 = 6031.5 KNm
RB-Static = Raft Bottom Static Case Moment, Mu3 = 1.5x 528 = 792 KNm
RB-Seismic = Raft Bottom Seismic Case Moment, Mu4 = 1.5x 2200 = 3300.0 KNm
Assumed width of raft acting as beam section = 1000 + 500 + 500 = 2000mm
Calculates Safe Ultimate Bending Moments for Beam Sections with given Concrete Grade and
Reinforcement, and calculates Stirrup spacing for given Shear and NOTES FOR USERS:
1. Figures and Texts in white cells only are to be filled as inputs. Up to
Torsion (if any) loads. 10 no. Beams can be designed. For any beam nor requiring design,
Concrete Grade = M 4 all inputs for that beam are to be left blank by using 'Delete' key.
2. Concrete grade can be any grade as per IS:456-2000.
Yield Strength of Main Steel, fy = 4 N/mm2 3. Yield strength of steel, fy = 415 N/mm2 or 500 N/mm2 for HYSD bars.
= 240 N/mm2 or 250 N/mm2 for M.S. bars.
Clear cover to Main Reinforcement = 75 mm 4. Effective width of compression flange, bf shall be calculated as per
clause 23.1.2 of IS:456-2000.
Compression Steel not considered in
T and L Sections (Typ) 5. For notes on input preparation, refer to worksheet on 'Notes'.
Compression Steel
Asc (if required) bf bf
Max. 2 Rows df df
Mu Mu Mu
d'
d d d
D D D
Note: Effective depth d is distance between the centroid of tension steel and the extreme compression face.
d ' = distance between the centroid of compression steel and the extreme compression face.
Where tensile steel is required at the top section of the beam, T & L Beam sections shall be designed as
a Rectangular Beam only.
NOTE: 'Total Ast' is to be less than or equal to 'Ast limit'. For Rectangular beams, if Status ='Rev Ast', reduce tensile steel area, for
status = 'Asc Reqd' provide compression steel Asc as required in the next Table or change the Beam section. For T and L beams, if
status = 'Revise Ast' check with Ast or revise the Beam section. The Status in the above table also depends on the additional moments
due to Torsion (if any)
Compression Reinforcement (if required) for Rectangular Beams
Compression Steel Asc Total
Beam Des.M u -M u-lim 1st Row 2nd Row Asc Strain Stress Mu (kNm) for
d' 2
Mk. (kNm) Nos. (mm) Nos. (mm) (mm ) 2
in Asc fsc N/mm Compn. Reinf't.
RT-Static N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RT-Seismic N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RB-Static N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RB-Seismic N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
Note: 'Des Mu - Mu-lim' in the above Table includes the additional moment due to Torsion Moment (if any).
Compression steel provided in the Beam, if any, shall be enclosed by stirrups as per
Clauses 26.5.1.2 and 26.5.3.2 of IS:456-2000.
Final Moment of Resistance & Status:
Beam Ast2 Provide extra bars for Ast2 (mm 2 ) T otal Steel (mm 2 ) M om.of Resist M uR(kNm) Total MuR Final
Mk. (mm2) Layer No . Nos. (mm) Ast2 Ast Asc With Ast Asc (kNm) Status
RT-Static 0 0 8042 0 3820.27 0.0 3820.27 Section O.K.
RT-Seismic 0 0 16085 0 6947.69 0.0 6947.69 Section O.K.
RB-Static 0 0 8042 0 3820.27 0.0 3820.27 Section O.K.
RB-Seismic 0 0 8042 0 3820.27 0.0 3820.27 Section O.K.
0 - - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -
Design of Pile Section
Y
COLUMN
2
Total Ast = 16085 mm SECTION
Percentage of Reinforcement = 2.0480 < 4% O.K. (Nos. of bar shown in the
section are indicative only)
Applied Ultimate Loads (See figures on next page) Effective Length Unsupported Column Type
Col. Axial Load Initial Moment Muix(kNm) Initial Moment Muiy(kNm) Length l (m) Braced or
* *
lex (m) ley (m)
Mk. Pu (kN) M uix1(+ or -) Muix2 (+ only) M uiy1(+ or -) Muiy2 (+ only) Unbraced
Static Case 2666.31 1002.405 1002.405 0 0 6.494 6.494 6.494 1
Seismic Case 2656.452 2329.785 2329.785 0 0 6.162 6.162 6.162 1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
Note: * at Muix1 and Muiy1 indicates moment is +ve for single curvature bending, and -ve for double curvature bending.
Pu
Muix2 or Initial Moments Muix & Muiy
Muiy2 Muix2 >Muix1
Muiy2 >Muiy1
+ +
+ Addn. Moments Max & May
Deflected due to slenderness
shape
- -
Muix1 or
Muiy1
Unbraced Slender Column
Single Curvature Double curvature (Column with side sway)
Braced Slender Column
Summary of Results:
See worksheet on 'Pu&Mu Chart' for range of permissible Values of Pu and Mu.
CIRCULAR COLUMN SUBJECTED TO
AXIAL COMPRESSIVE LOAD + BENDING MOMENT
17500
17250
17000
16750
16500
16250
16000
15750
15500
15250
15000
14750
14500
14250
14000
13750
13500
13250
13000
12750
12500
12250
12000
11750
11500
11250
11000
10750
10500
10250
10000
9750
9500
9250
Pu (kN)
9000
8750
8500
8250
8000
7750
7500
7250
7000
6750
6500
6250
6000
5750
5500
5250
5000
4750
4500
4250
4000
3750
3500
3250
3000
2750 1009.985,
2332.940, 2666
2656
2500
2250
2000
1750
1500
1250
1000
750
500
250
0
50
150
250
500
600
700
800
900
0
100
200
300
350
400
450
550
650
750
850
950
1150
1250
1350
1450
1550
1800
1900
2000
2100
2450
2550
2650
2750
1000
1050
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1650
1700
1750
1850
1950
2050
2150
2200
2250
2300
2350
2400
2500
2600
2700
Mu (kNm)
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL OF 4.50m
HEIGHT ABOVE FORMATION LEVEL (OVERALL HEIGHT 6.5m)
Design of Retaining Wall Stem
Data:
Clear Height of the earth to be retained above
1 ground = 6 m
2 Unit weight of the earth retained () = 20 kN/m
3 Angle of repose () = 35 Degrees
4 = 2 * / 3 = 23.3 Degrees
5 Safe bearing capacity of soil (SBC) = 238 kN/m
6 Coefficient of friction () = 0.5
7 Materials
Grade of Concrete M 30 mPa
Grade of Steel Fe 500 mPa
8 Modulus of elasticity of steel Es = 200000 N/mm
9 Angle of backfill () = 23 Degrees
10 Angle of inclination of wall () = 88 Degrees
11 Unit weight of concrete = 25 kN/m
12 Depth of water table from Top = 6 m
13 Depth of foundation = 0.50 m
Mu
drequired
Ru . b
drequired = 424.76 mm
Provide dprovided = 540 mm
Overall thickness 'D' = 600 mm
Thickness of stem at top 'D1' = 200 mm
Main steel
Design shear strength 'tc' is obtained from Table 19 page 73 IS 456 : 2000
Vu= 746.95 KN
V Working = 49.80 t
Hence Provide Shear links in wall bottom T12 @ 300 C/C Vertically to each bars.
Design of Pile Cap
STATIC CASE
SEISMIC CASE
Design moments
RT-Static = Raft Top Static Case Moment, Mu1 = 1.5x 49.1 = 73.65 KNm
RT-Seismic = Raft Top Seismic Case Moment, Mu2 = 1.5x 719 = 1078.5 KNm
RB-Static = Raft Bottom Static Case Moment, Mu3 = 1.5x 956 = 1434 KNm
RB-Seismic = Raft Bottom Seismic Case Moment, Mu4 = 1.5x 1905 = 2857.5 KNm
Assumed width of raft acting as beam section = 1000 + 500 + 500 = 2000mm
Calculates Safe Ultimate Bending Moments for Beam Sections with given Concrete Grade and
Reinforcement, and calculates Stirrup spacing for given Shear and NOTES FOR USERS:
1. Figures and Texts in white cells only are to be filled as inputs. Up to
Torsion (if any) loads. 10 no. Beams can be designed. For any beam nor requiring design,
Concrete Grade = M 4 all inputs for that beam are to be left blank by using 'Delete' key.
2. Concrete grade can be any grade as per IS:456-2000.
Yield Strength of Main Steel, fy = 4 N/mm2 3. Yield strength of steel, fy = 415 N/mm2 or 500 N/mm2 for HYSD bars.
= 240 N/mm2 or 250 N/mm2 for M.S. bars.
Clear cover to Main Reinforcement = 75 mm 4. Effective width of compression flange, bf shall be calculated as per
clause 23.1.2 of IS:456-2000.
Compression Steel not considered in
Compression Steel T and L Sections (Typ) 5. For notes on input preparation, refer to worksheet on 'Notes'.
Asc (if required) bf bf
Max. 2 Rows df df
Mu Mu Mu
d'
d d d
D D D
Note: Effective depth d is distance between the centroid of tension steel and the extreme compression face.
d ' = distance between the centroid of compression steel and the extreme compression face.
Where tensile steel is required at the top section of the beam, T & L Beam sections shall be designed as
a Rectangular Beam only.
NOTE: 'Total Ast' is to be less than or equal to 'Ast limit'. For Rectangular beams, if Status ='Rev Ast', reduce tensile steel area, for
status = 'Asc Reqd' provide compression steel Asc as required in the next Table or change the Beam section. For T and L beams, if
status = 'Revise Ast' check with Ast or revise the Beam section. The Status in the above table also depends on the additional moments
due to Torsion (if any)
Compression Reinforcement (if required) for Rectangular Beams
Compression Steel Asc Total
Beam Des.M u -M u-lim 1st Row 2nd Row Asc Strain Stress Mu (kNm) for
d' 2
Mk. (kNm) Nos. (mm) Nos. (mm) (mm ) 2
in Asc fsc N/mm Compn. Reinf't.
RT-Static N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RT-Seismic N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RB-Static N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
RB-Seismic N/A 0 0 0.0000 0.0 0.00
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
0 - - - 0.0000 0.0 -
Note: 'Des Mu - Mu-lim' in the above Table includes the additional moment due to Torsion Moment (if any).
Compression steel provided in the Beam, if any, shall be enclosed by stirrups as per
Clauses 26.5.1.2 and 26.5.3.2 of IS:456-2000.
Y
COLUMN
2
Total Ast = 12868 mm SECTION
Percentage of Reinforcement = 1.6384 < 4% O.K. (Nos. of bar shown in the
section are indicative only)
Applied Ultimate Loads (See figures on next page) Effective Length Unsupported Column Type
Col. Axial Load Initial Moment Muix(kNm) Initial Moment Muiy(kNm) Length l (m) Braced or
* *
lex (m) ley (m)
Mk. Pu (kN) M uix1(+ or -) Muix2 (+ only) M uiy1(+ or -) Muiy2 (+ only) Unbraced
Static Case 1440.96 862.65 862.65 0 0 6.494 6.494 6.494 1
Seismic Case 2064.408 2005.05 2005.05 0 0 6.210 6.210 6.210 1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
Note: * at Muix1 and Muiy1 indicates moment is +ve for single curvature bending, and -ve for double curvature bending.
Pu
Muix2 or Initial Moments Muix & Muiy
Muiy2 Muix2 >Muix1
+ Muiy2 >Muiy1 +
+ Addn. Moments Max & May
Deflected due to slenderness
shape
- -
Muix1 or
Muiy1
Unbraced Slender Column
Single Curvature Double curvature (Column with side sway)
Braced Slender Column
Summary of Results:
See worksheet on 'Pu&Mu Chart' for range of permissible Values of Pu and Mu.
CIRCULAR COLUMN SUBJECTED TO
AXIAL COMPRESSIVE LOAD + BENDING MOMENT
16250
16000
15750
15500
15250
15000
14750
14500
14250
14000
13750
13500
13250
13000
12750
12500
12250
12000
11750
11500
11250
11000
10750
10500
10250
10000
9750
9500
9250
9000
8750
Pu (kN)
8500
8250
8000
7750
7500
7250
7000
6750
6500
6250
6000
5750
5500
5250
5000
4750
4500
4250
4000
3750
3500
3250
3000
2750
2500
2250
2000 2007.274, 2064
1750
1500 865.228, 1441
1250
1000
750
500
250
0
1200
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1500
1550
1600
1650
0
1000
1050
1100
1150
1700
1750
1800
1850
1900
1950
2000
2050
2100
2150
2200
2250
2300
2350
2400
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
Mu (kNm)
ANNEXURE IV PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION
19
PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION FOR PILE FOUNDATION
Project: AGARTALA SABROOM NEW BG RAIL LINK PROJECT
Inputs
Type of pile = Bored Cast-in-situ
Diameter of pile D= 1000 mm Grade of Concrete M 30
Location/ Ref. Bore Holes = Generalised Allowable Lateral Deflection Y= 12.0 mm
Ground Water Level = 0.00 m (below FGL/EGL)
I) VERTICAL AND LATERAL LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY AND UPLIFT CAPACITY OF PILE - STATIC CONDITION
a)Determination of Skin Friction Resistance
Surface Area, Af
Layer Li(m) (Sq.m) Factors
x D x Li Skin Friction Resistance, qf (kN)
=3.14x(1)x1.222= k= p'= Avg(107.78,120)= 113.89 kPa qf =k x p'actxTan(pi)xAf=
Layer-1 1.2 p' limit= 15x1x10= 150.00 kPa 1x113.89xtan(30)x3.84=
3.839 1.00 p'act= 113.89 kPa 252.433
=3.14x(1)x4.5= k= p'= Avg(120,165)= 142.50 kPa qf =k x p'actxTan(pi)xAf=
Layer-2 4.5 p' limit= 15x1x10= 150.00 kPa 1x142.5xtan(30)x14.14=
14.137 1.00 p'act= 142.50 kPa 1163.099
=3.14x(1)x9.28= k= p'= Avg(165,257.8)= 211.40 kPa qf =k x p'actxTan(pi)xAf=
Layer-3 9.3 p' limit= 16.5x1x10= 165.00 kPa 1.15x165xtan(33)x29.15=
29.154 1.15 p'act= 165.00 kPa 3592.502
Total= 15.00 m Qf = 5008.03 kN
PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION FOR PILE FOUNDATION
Project: AGARTALA SABROOM NEW BG RAIL LINK PROJECT
As per clause 3.13.6 of "Foundation Design Manual by Dr.N.V.Nayak", the socketing depth is determined from
following formula.
Hence, lc = 7.92 m
The maximum moment developed at the point of fixity is 1879.67 kN-m. To counter this moment, pile shall be
embeded for 7.92 m beyond the point of fixity.
Hence, the total depth of pile shall be 6.49 + 7.92 = 14.42 m below cutoff level.
Hence, recommended total depth of pile is 15.0 m below cutoff level.
II) VERTICAL AND LATERAL LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY AND UPLIFT CAPACITY OF PILE - SEISMIC CONDITION
a) As per Clause. 6.3.5.2 of IS 1893 (Part I) : 2002, the vertical load carrying capacity of pile can be increased by 25 percent
in seismic condition.
Hence, the safe vertical pile capacity in seismic condition is as mentioned below.
PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION FOR PILE FOUNDATION
Project: AGARTALA SABROOM NEW BG RAIL LINK PROJECT
Recommended Capacities:
Safe vertical load capacity of pile,
Qsafe = 4363 kN
Safe uplift Capacity of pile
Qup-safe = 2150 kN
As per Clause. 6.3.5.2 of IS 1893 (Part I) : 2002, the permissible stresses in material can be increased by 25 percent in
seismic condition. Hence modulus of subgrade reaction has been increased by 25 percent.
As per clause 3.13.6 of "Foundation Design Manual by Dr.N.V.Nayak", the socketing depth is determined from
following formula.
Hence, lc = 8.17 m
The maximum moment developed at the point of fixity is 2057.34 kN-m. To counter this moment, pile shall be
embeded for 8.17 m beyond the point of fixity.
Hence, the total depth of pile shall be 6.21 + 8.17 = 14.38 m below cut off level.
Hence, recommended total depth of pile is 15.0 m below cutoff level.
Reference
IS 2911-2010-Code of Practice for design and construction of Pile Foundations
Text Book- Foundation Design and Construction- Michael Tomlinson and John Woodward, 5th edition.
Notations
L Length of the pile
K Earth pressure co-efficient
a Adhesion Factor
p' effective overburden pressure
p'limit effective overburden pressure (limited)
p'act actual effective overburden pressure
ANNEXURE V BEARING CAPACITY ANALYSIS
20
Foundation Details
Shear Parameters of Founding strata Cohesion, C (kPa) Friction Angle, (deg) Density
General Shear Failure 10.0 30.00 20.00
Local Shear Failure 6.7 21.05 20.00
N Nc Nq N Sc Sq S dc dq d ic iq i
3.0 30.14 18.4 22.40 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.17 1.09 1.09 1.00 1.00 1.0
N Nc Nq N Sc Sq S dc dq d ic iq i
2.1 15.87 7.1 6.24 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.15 1.07 1.07 1.00 1.00 1.0
21
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL OF 3.0m
ABOVE FORMATION LEVEL (OVERALL HEIGHT 5.0m)
Design of Wall
Data:
1 Clear Height of the earth to be retained above ground = 4.5 m
2 Unit weight of the earth retained (g) = 20 kN/m
3 Angle of repose (f) = 35 Degrees
4 d=2*f /3 = 23.3 Degrees
5 Safe bearing capacity of soil (SBC) = 238 kN/m
6 Coefficient of friction (m) = 0.5
7 Materials
Grade of Concrete M 30 mPa
Grade of Steel Fe 500 mPa
8 Modulus of elasticity of steel Es = 200000 N/mm
9 Angle of backfill (b) = 23 Degrees
10 Angle of inclination of wall (a) = 88 Degrees
11 Unit weight of concrete = 25 kN/m
12 Depth of water table from Top = 4 m
13 Depth of foundation = 0.50 m
Design Constants:
1 fck = 30 mPa
2 fy = 500 mPa
.
0.0035Es
3 ku = 0.46
.
0.0055Es 0.87. f y
4 Ru = 0.138*fck = 4.14
5 Coefficient of active earth pressure (Coloumb's formula)
2
( sin ( a f ))
ka
2
sin ( f b)
( sin ( a ) ) . sin ( a d ). 1 d ).
2
sin ( f
sin ( a d ) . sin ( a b)
ka = 0.369
6 Coefficient of passive earth pressure
2
( sin ( a f ))
kp
2
sin ( f b)
( sin ( a ) ) . sin ( a d ). 1 d ).
2
sin ( f
sin ( a d ) . sin ( a b)
kp = 91.54
7 Development Length
Ld = (0.87*fy)*D / (4*tbd ) = 68 D
8 Clear cover = 50 mm
9 Assumed bar diameter for main steel = 16 mm
10 Total cover = 60 mm
Approximate proportioning of the wall:
1 Depth of foundation = (SBC)*ka^2 / g = 0.50 m
=
2 Total height of wall including depth of foundation
H = 5.00 m
3 Total length of the base slab 'B' = 3.5 m
4 Thickness of base slab = 0.5 m
5 Height of stem h = 5 - 0.5
h = 4.50 m
6 Projection of Toe = 1/4 x B = 0.75 m
7 Thickness of stem at bottom
Maximum Bending Mmt. for stem = ka * g * h / 6 = 0.369 x 20 x 4.5 / 6 + 10 x 4.5 / 6
= 264.02 kNm
Design Moment 'Mu' = 1.5 x 264.02
= 396.03 kNm
Mu = Ru x b x d d = Mu / (Ru x b)
Mu
drequired
Ru . b
drequired = 309.29 mm
Provide dprovided = 440 mm
Overall thickness 'D' = 500 mm
Thickness of stem at top 'D1' = 200 mm
0.2
W4
W2 W5 Fhs
5.00
4.50
W1 Fh
0.50 W3
X = SM / SW = 535.561 / 411.625
X = 1.30 m
B / 6 = 3.5 / 6 = 0.58 m
e < B / 6 No Tension hence safe
208.11 27.10
169.32 143.47
Figure showing pressures in kN/m for retaining wall
Design of Stem of Retaining wall
Main steel
Design shear strength 't c' is obtained from Table 19 page 73 IS 456 : 2000
Development length
Development length = Ld = f x ss/(4 x tbd ) = 1068.2 mm
Development length = 1100 mm Say
Development length will be provided from bottom face of the stem in the heel slab
0.5
0.75
38.79
Force and Moment table
2 Uniform pressure
= 0.75 x 1 x 169.325 = 127.0 0.75 / 2 = 0.38 47.6 Sagging
3 Triangular Pressure
= 1 / 2 x 0.75 x 1 x 38.79 = 14.5 0.67 x 0.75 = 0.50 7.3 Sagging
Mu
drequired
Ru . b
drequired = 136.4399 mm
Design shear strength 't c' is obtained from Table 19 page 73 IS 456 : 2000
For 0.55 tc = 0.52 N/mm
Section safe in shear, Design Shear stress Greater than Nominal shear stress
Design of heel slab
0.5
2.25
27.10
143.466 Figure showing pressures
for heel slab
116.36
Force and Moment table
3 Uniform pressure
= 2.25 x 1 x 27.101 = 60.98 2.25 / 2 = 1.125 68.6 Sagging
4 Triangular Pressure
= 1 / 2 x 2.25 x 1 x 116.365 = 130.91 2.25 / 3 = 0.750 98.2 Sagging
Mu
drequired
Ru . b
drequired = 241.73 mm
Main steel
Design shear strength 'tc' is obtained from Table 19 page 73 IS 456 : 2000
For 0.32 tc = 0.53 N/mm
Section safe in shear, Design Shear stress Greater than Nominal shear stress
Minimum steel
Stem Ast;min = 0.12% x b x d = 600 mm on both faces
= 300 mm on each face
Use Tor 10 mm bars 240 mm c/c
Ast; provided = 327.2492 mm
Base slab Ast;min = 0.12% x b x d = 600 mm on both faces
= 300 mm on each face
Use Tor 10 mm bars 240 mm c/c
Ast; provided = 327.2492 mm
0.2 GL
20Tor @260c/c
2.9 Note:
Provide minimum steel as given
above in both directions and on
4.5 20Tor @130c/c both faces for stem and base slab
GL
16Tor @140c/c
0.50
0.5
22
Stability Analysis of temporary cut slope in static condition
Document Name
File Name: 1.5h 1v slope with 6m retaining wall static final - temporary cut slope
Project Settings
Analysis Methods
Number of slices: 25
Tolerance: 0.005
Maximum number of iterations: 50
Surface Options
Material Properties
Global Minimums
Document Name
Project Settings
Analysis Methods
Number of slices: 25
Tolerance: 0.005
Maximum number of iterations: 50
Surface Options
Material Properties
Material: Concrete
Strength Type: Mohr-Coulomb
Unit Weight: 24 kN/m3
Cohesion: 100 kPa
Friction Angle: 40 degrees
Ru value: 0.1
Material: Backfill
Strength Type: Mohr-Coulomb
Unit Weight: 20 kN/m3
Cohesion: 5 kPa
Friction Angle: 35 degrees
Ru value: 0.1
Global Minimums
Document Name
Project Settings
Analysis Methods
Analysis Methods used:
Bishop simplified
Number of slices: 25
Tolerance: 0.005
Maximum number of iterations: 50
Surface Options
Surface Type: Circular
Radius increment: 10
Minimum Elevation: Not Defined
Composite Surfaces: Disabled
Reverse Curvature: Create Tension Crack
Loading
Seismic Load Coefficient (Horizontal): 0.15
Seismic Load Coefficient (Vertical): 0.075
Material Properties
Material: Concrete
Strength Type: Mohr-Coulomb
Unit Weight: 24 kN/m3
Cohesion: 100 kPa
Friction Angle: 40 degrees
Ru value: 0.1
Material: Backfill
Strength Type: Mohr-Coulomb
Unit Weight: 20 kN/m3
Cohesion: 5 kPa
Friction Angle: 35 degrees
Ru value: 0.1
Global Minimums
Method: bishop simplified
FS: 1.111590
Center: 18.229, 49.047
Radius: 25.473
Left Slip Surface Endpoint: -4.343, 37.240
Right Slip Surface Endpoint: 29.549, 26.227
Resisting Moment=57230.8 kN-m
Driving Moment=51485.4 kN-m
ANNEXURE VIII SOLUTION DRAWINGS
23
ANNEXURE IX REFERENCES
24
C. E. Testing Company Pvt. Limited. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Work for the Proposed
Railway Formation from Ch. Km. 10.00 To 114.00 in Connection with Agartala Sabroom New Bg
Line Project, Tripura, - STABILITY OF CUTTING AND FILLING SLOPES FROM CH. KM. 53.015 TO
56.017, September 2014
IRS, Code of practice for the design of sub-structures and foundations of bridges.
IS 1893 (Part 1) : 2002, Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures, Part 1 General
provisions and buildings.
IS 456-2000, Code of practice for plain and reinforced cement concrete.
IS 2911 (Part 1/Sec 2): 2010, Design and construction of pile foundations Code of practice, Part
1 Concrete piles, Section 2 Bored cast in-situ concrete piles.
Narayan V. Nayak, 1996, Foundation Design Manual, Fourth Edition, Dhanpat Rai Publications
(P) Ltd.
Design Aids in Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering by S.R.Kaniraj
25