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TEKNOLOGI KOMPUTER

Understanding Computers: Today and Tomorrow, 13th Edition


Apa Kata Alumni ?

After dropping out from UGM Medical Department in 2004, I found


my passion in math and technology in Duta Wacana. Other than
develops its students academic skills, Duta Wacana also provides
Chapter 10: numerous chances to participate in organizations and hones
students sense of entrepreneurship. All of those skills prepare us to
be professional graduates.
Multimedia and the Web
In my case, to be on par with my colleagues from Ivy League,
Singapore and Australia in Sale Stock, a mobile-commerce startup
that I co-founded in 2014.

Lingga Madu
(CEO and co-founder, PT.Salestock Indonesia)

Understanding Computers: Today and Tomorrow, 13th Edition

Apa Kata Alumni ? Overview

This chapter covers:


Jangan banyak nongkrong ga guna. Manfaatkan waktu
sebaik-baiknya. Lima tahun lagi your life is your own !
What Web-based multimedia is and how it is used
Temen nongkrong kalian sekarang bakal udah kabur sendiri- today
sendiri. The advantages and disadvantages of using
multimedia
Jangan takut dengan kesulitan. Di dunia kerja tidak ada yang
mudah. Anggap kesulitan dan pressure tugas-tugas kuliah A look at basic multimedia elements
sebagai sarana membekali diri untuk memasuki dunia kerja Steps and principles in designing a multimedia site
yang penuh persaingan.
How a multimedia Web site is developed and the
software used during this process
A look at the future of Web-based multimedia
Ivan Chen
(Founder and Director, Anantarupa Studios)

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What Is Web-Based Multimedia? Web-Based Multimedia Applications

Multimedia: The integration of a variety of media, such as Information delivery: Photos of products, video
text, images, video, animation, and sound clips, animation to convey concepts, etc.
Web-based multimedia (also called rich media): E-commerce: Photos of products, samples of
Multimedia located on Web pages movies and music, etc.
Multimedia sites often contain elements that users interact Virtual reality (VR): The use of a computer to create
with directly three-dimensional environments that look like they do
Control the delivery of a sound or video clip, manipulate a 3D object, in the real world. (homes for sale, etc.)
play a game, etc.
Augmented reality: Overlaying computer generated
Fast computers and broadband Internet connections make
images on top of real time images
Web-based multimedia much more feasible than in the past
Vast majority of Web sites today include multimedia
Entertainment: Online TV/movies, music, games,
(advertisements, TV shows, podcasts, user generated etc.
content)
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Using


Web-Based Multimedia Applications Web-Based Multimedia

Advantages:
Can address a variety of learning styles
Visual learners
Auditory learners
Kinesthetic learners
Material more interesting and enjoyable
Many ideas are easier to convey
Disadvantages:
Time and cost of development
Compatibility and download time for Web-based
multimedia
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Advantages of Using Web-Based Multimedia Multimedia Elements

Text: Used to supply basic content, and


to add text-based menus and hyperlinks
Serif typefaces: More readable, used
for large bodies of text
Sans serif typefaces: Used for titles,
headings, Web page banners
Different typefaces can convey widely
different feelings
Important to select a typeface that
matches the style of the Web site
When a consistent text appearance is
requiredsuch as a logoa graphical
image is used instead

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Multimedia Elements Multimedia Elements

Images or graphics: Digital representations of GIF images: Commonly used for Web page line art
photographs, drawings, charts, and other visual images images (logos, buttons, etc.)
also called a graphic 256 colors max
Clip art consists of pre-drawn electronic images Use lossless
Stock photos are also available online file compression
Can be
transparent
Can be
interlaced

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Multimedia Elements Multimedia Elements

PNG images: Format designed specifically for use with


Web page images
Lossless compression, and with more efficiency than GIF
Can use color palette or true color
Can also be transparent and interlaced
JPEG images: Commonly used for Web page photos
Uses lossy file compression
True color images
Can be progressive
The amount of compression is specified when the file is
saved

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Multimedia Elements Multimedia Elements

Choosing a graphic format Animation: A series of graphical


GIF or PNGtypically used for line art (clip art, logos, images are displayed in succession to
navigation buttons, etc.) simulate movement
JPEGtypically used for photographs Java applet: A small program
Select the most appropriate inserted into a Web page that
format performs a specific task
For JPEG, balance Animated GIF: A group of GIF
compression quality and images saved as an animated GIF
file size file, inserted in a Web page, which
are displayed successively to
Use thumbnail images simulate movement

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Multimedia Elements Multimedia Elements

For more complex animations, developers can use


JavaScript or another scripting language
Flash is in particularly wide use today
Silverlight is an alternative to Flash
Many Wed-based animations require a plug-in
Programming languages can be used to create
multimedia elements and interactivity

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Multimedia Elements Multimedia Elements

Audio: All types of sound including music, spoken voice, Video: Begins as a continuous stream of visual
sound effects information, which is then broken into separate images
Can be recorded using a microphone or MIDI (frames) when the video is recorded
instrument, captured from CDs, or downloaded from Can require a substantial amount of storage space
the Internet Video data, like audio data, is usually compressed
Often played when an event occurs on a Web page or Streaming video is used for large files
when the visitor clicks a link Common video file formats include:
Streaming audio is used to speed up delivery .avi .mov .mp4
Common audio file formats include: .mp2 .wmv
.wav .aiff .midi

.mp3 .acc .m4a

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Quick Quiz Multimedia Web Site Design

1. The most common file format for Web page photographs Web site design: The process of planning what a Web
is ______________________. site will look like and how it will function
a. GIF Good planning pays off in the long run
b. JPEG Basic design principles:
c. PNG Users like interesting and exciting
2. True or False: Delivery speed is one potential applications
disadvantage of using Web-based multimedia. Users have little patience
3. A small image that is linked to a larger version of the with slow-to-load or
same image is called a(n) ______________________. hard-to-use applications
Answers: Plan for all needed
1) b; 2) True; 3) thumbnail image delivery methods
and devices
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Multimedia Web Site Design Multimedia Web Site Design

Careful consideration should be given to: Determining the intended audience and objectives
Features that require a specific browser One of the first steps in designing a multimedia
Features that require little used plug-ins application or Web site
The size of the page content Objectives of the site affect its content
Different devices, browsers, and screen Intended audience affects the appearance (such as
resolutions affect how Web pages display the style, graphics, fonts, and colors) of the site
High-bandwidth items Once the objectives and audience have been
Watch image file size (use thumbnails) identified, you should have a good idea of the main
topics to be included in the site
Use links to audio, video, and other high-
bandwidth items If the needed content is still unclear, rethink your
audience and objectives and dont go further in the
Use streaming audio and video process until it becomes clear
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Multimedia Web Site Design Multimedia Web Site Design

Flowcharts: Used during the Web design process to


illustrate how the pages in a Web site relate to one
another
Page layouts: A sketch of a Web page often developed
during the Web design process to illustrate the basic
layouts of the home page and the rest of the pages on a
Web site
Typically one for the home page and one for the rest
of the pages on the site
Storyboards: An ordered series of sketches that can be
developed during the design process of an animated
sequence or other multimedia component that illustrates
what each page or screen will look like
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Multimedia Web Site Design Multimedia Web Site Design

Navigational design considerations


Users should be able to get to most pages on the site
within three mouse clicks
Navigational items should be placed in the same
location on every page
Each page should have a link to the home page of the
site
Long Web pages:
Consider breaking into several pages
Include link to view or download entire document
Use table of contents and links to top of page

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Multimedia Web Site Design Multimedia Web Site Design

Navigational tools include:


Drop-down menus
Site maps
Search boxes
Text-based hyperlinks and navigation bars
Menu tabs
Image-based navigation bars
Image maps
Hyperlinks that show more options when pointed to

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Multimedia Web Site Design Multimedia Web Site Design

Access considerations:
Device compatibility: Web pages display differently
on different devices
Compatibility with
assistive technology
Alternate text
Meaningful hyperlinks
ADA compliance
(Americans with Disabilities Act)

Low readers or
non-English speakers
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Quick Quiz Multimedia Web Site Development

1. Which of the following is most often used to illustrate what Web site development: The process of creating, testing,
a Web page will look like? publishing, and maintaining a Web site
a. Flowchart Occurs after the site is designed
b. Storyboard Can be performed in-house or outsourced
c. Page layout Three basic steps
2. True or False: In order for a screen reading program to Creating the multimedia elements
identify an image-based hyperlink, alternative text must
Creating the Web site
be assigned to that image.
Testing, publishing, and maintaining the site
3. A Web page that contains links to all the main pages on a
Web site is called a(n) ______________________.
Answers:
1) c; 2) True; 3) site map
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Multimedia Web Site Development Multimedia Web Site Development

Creating the multimedia elements Creating the Web site


Usually several different software programs are used, Often a markup language is used
such as: Markup language: A language that uses symbols or
Image editing software tags to describe what a document should look like
Animation software when it is displayed in a Web browser
Audio editing software Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): The original
Video editing software markup language
Each element should be Uses HTML tags to indicate where effects and
saved in the appropriate elements belong in the Web page
size, resolution, and file Some tags are paired
format The computer and browser being used still
determines exactly how the Web page will display
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HTML HTML

HTML tags are used to:


Identify where elements (graphics, animations,
video clips, etc.) should appear on the page
Assign a title to the page
Mark end of paragraphs
Specify the layout of tables and frames
Identify keywords and other meta tags associated
with the page

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HTML Multimedia Web Site Development

Extensible Markup Language (XML): A set of rules for


exchanging data over the Web
Addresses the content but not the formatting
Uses XML tags to identify data
Allows data to be extracted and reused as needed
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML): A
newer version of HTML based on XML
Controls the appearance and format of a Web page
like HTML
Stricter rules than HTML
Beginning to replace HTML

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XHTML XHTML

XHTML tags: Used for the same purposes as HTML


tags, but stricter:
All attribute values must be in quotation marks
Tags are lowercase (case-sensitive)
Tags must be closed
<p> and </p> or <p />
Tags must be in proper order
Main sections of XHTML Web page
Declaration statement with XHTML standard used
Head statement with title and meta tags
Body of the Web page
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Multimedia Web Site Development Multimedia Web Site Development

HTML5: Newest version under development Scripting language: Often used for dynamic content
Designed to replace current versions of HTML and Allows the inclusion of scripts (instructions) in the Web
XHTML page code
Cascading Style Sheets 3 (CSS3): Used to specify the JavaScript (resembles the Java programming language)
styles used with a Web page or an entire Web site VBScript (based on Microsofts Visual Basic
Internal or external style sheets programming language)
Perl (used to write CGI scripts to process data input via
Pages link to style sheet, more efficient
a Web page)
Wireless Markup Language (WML): Used to create Web
AJAX: Creates faster, more efficient interactive Web
pages to be displayed on WAP-enabled devices, such as
applications
smart phones
Only requests new data from the server, not the entire
Web page, when the page is updated, send data to the
server
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Multimedia Web Site Development Multimedia Web Site Development

Other content development tools Web site authoring software: Used to create Web pages
ActiveX: A set of controls that can be used to and entire Web sites (Dreamweaver, Expression Web)
create interactive Web pages Toolbar buttons, menus, etc. are to create and format
Extends OLE to integrate content from two or the page
more programs The appropriate HTML statements are automatically
Allows a variety of types of Windows files to be generated
viewed via Web pages Allows you to create an entire cohesive Web site, not
Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML): A just individual pages
language used to create 3D Web pages Allows you to easily include:
Successor is X3D
Forms and database connectivity your visitors
Often include tests for broken links & accessibility tests
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Multimedia Web Site Development Multimedia Web Site Development

Testing, publishing, and maintaining the site


All hyperlinks should be clicked to ensure they take
the user to the proper location
Every possible action that could take place with an
animated element should be tested
Proofread each page or screen carefully
Consider a stress test
Update content and check links on a regular basis
XHTML Web pages can be checked with an XHTML
validator

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Multimedia Web Site Development The Future of Web-Based Media

Web-based multimedia will be more exciting and more


embedded into everyday events
Web-based multimedia and home entertainment devices
will continue to converge
Allow seamless access to desired content on the
users device
Technology will evolve to support mobile multimedia
Usage of multimedia applications that involve user
generated content will continue to grow

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Quick Quiz Summary

1. Which of the following markup languages is most often


What Is Web-Based Multimedia?
used to create Web pages?
Multimedia Elements
a. HTML
Multimedia Web Site Design
b. JavaScript
Multimedia Web Site Development
c. WML
The Future of Web-Based Multimedia
2. True or False: Web site authoring software can typically
be used to create all of the Web pages on a site, including
adding animated elements, video clips, etc.
3. The HTML code _______________________ would
begin to bold Web page text.
Answers:
1) a; 2) True; 3) <b>
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