TM 10687A-OR/C

U.S. MARINE CORPS TECHNICAL MANUAL OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Distribution authorized to DoD and DoD contractors only; PUBLICATION IS NOT TO BE RELEASED TO NON-DOD COMPONENTS. OTHER REQUESTS FOR THIS PUBLICATION MUST BE REFERRED TO COMMANDING GENERAL, MARINE CORPS SYSTEMS COMMAND ATTN:(PGD-13) QUANTICO, VA 22134-6050.

SHORT RANGE ASSAULT WEAPON PREDATOR (SRAW PREDATOR), MK 40, MOD 0 SHORT RANGE ASSAULT WEAPON MULTIPLE PURPOSE VARIANT (SRAW MPV), MK 41, MOD 0
THIS PUBLICATION SUPERSEDES TM 10687A-10B DATED JUNE 2005 APRIL 2008 PCN 18410687000

TM 10687A-OR/C

CONTENTS Page LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS..........................................................................v LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ..........................................viii SAFETY SUMMARY ...................................................................................ix CHAPTER 1 GENERAL INFORMATION AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ..........................................................1-1

Section I. INTRODUCTION..........................................................1-1 1.1 Purpose and Scope ...........................................................1-1 1.2 Safety Precautions .............................................................1-1 1.3 Maintenance Forms and Records......................................1-2 1.4 Recommended Changes to Publications...........................1-2 Section II. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION.............................................1-3 1.5 General ..............................................................................1-3

TM 10687A-OR/C CONTENTS – Continued. Page 1.6 1.7 Launcher ............................................................................1-13 Missile ................................................................................1-17 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................2-1

CHAPTER 2

Section I. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .................................2-1 2.1 Trigger Housing Assembly.................................................2-1 2.2 Telescope Assembly..........................................................2-5 Section II. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SRAW ..........2-8 2.3 Target Tracking ..................................................................2-8 2.4 Missile Launch ...................................................................2-9 2.5 Missile Flight ......................................................................2-9 2.6 Arming................................................................................2-13 2.7 Target Detection/Destruction .............................................2-14 Section III. OPERATION, NORMAL CONDITIONS......................2-17 2.8 Preparation.........................................................................2-17

ii

TM 10687A-OR/C CONTENTS – Continued. Page 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 Carrying Techniques.........................................................2-18 Unshouldering Weapon ....................................................2-22 Firing Site Selection ..........................................................2-23 Firing Positions..................................................................2-34 Preparation for Firing ........................................................2-40 Target Engagement ..........................................................2-52

Section IV. OPERATION, UNUSUAL CONDITIONS...................2-62 2.15 Weapon Malfunctions .......................................................2-62 2.16 Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) Decontamination ....2-66 CHAPTER 3 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES..................................3-1 Section I. PREPARATION FOR USE ..........................................3-1 3.1 Unpacking Weapon...........................................................3-1 Section II. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES (PMCS)...................................................................3-12

iii

TM 10687A-OR/C CONTENTS – Continued. Page 3.2 3.3 3.4 General ..............................................................................3-12 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services Table .......3-12 SRAW Labels and Markings ..............................................3-19

Section III. CLEANING AND DEICING THE WEAPON.................3-25 3.5 Cleaning .............................................................................3-25 3.6 Preconditioning for Icing Weather and Deicing the Weapon ........................................................................3-32 3.7 Cleaning the AN/PVS-17C Night Sight ..............................3-37 APPENDIX A REFERENCES.............................................................A-1 APPENDIX B EXPENDABLE MATERIALS........................................B-1

iv

TM 10687A-OR/C ILLUSTRATIONS Figure 1-1. 1-2. 1-3. 1-4. 1-5. 1-6. 2-1. 2-2. 2-3. 2-4. 2-5. 2-6. 2-7. 2-8. 2-9. 2-10. 2-11. 2-12. Title Page

The SRAW Predator................................................................1-4 The SRAW MPV......................................................................1-9 SRAW Launcher......................................................................1-14 SRAW Tube Assembly ............................................................1-16 SRAW Predator Missile ...........................................................1-18 SRAW MPV Missile .................................................................1-20 Trigger Housing Assembly ......................................................2-2 Battery Activate Indicator.........................................................2-4 Telescope Assembly ...............................................................2-6 AN/PVS-17C Night Sight Installed ..........................................2-7 SRAW Predator Autopilot Compensation for Moving Targets 2-11 SRAW MPV Autopilot Compensation for Moving Targets ......2-12 SRAW Predator Target Detection/Destruction ........................2-15 Hand Carry ..............................................................................2-18 Sling Carry ...............................................................................2-20 Robin Hood Sling Carry...........................................................2-20 Back Carry ...............................................................................2-21 SRAW Field of Fire..................................................................2-24 v

TM 10687A-OR/C ILLUSTRATIONS – Continued. Figure 2-13. 2-14. 2-15. 2-16. 2-17. 2-18. 2-19. 2-20. 2-21. 2-22. 2-23. 2-24. 2-25. 2-26. 2-27. 2-28. 2.29. vi Title Page

Backblast Area .......................................................................2-26 Firing the SRAW from an Enclosure ......................................2-29 Overhead View of Enclosure Firing Hazard Areas.................2-30 Firing the SRAW from a Bunker – Side View .........................2-32 Firing the SRAW from a Bunker – Front View........................2-33 Standing Firing Position..........................................................2-35 Kneeling Firing Position..........................................................2-36 Sitting Firing Positions ............................................................2-37 Prone Firing Position ..............................................................2-39 Hand Positions for Firing ........................................................2-44 Removing Rail Cover..............................................................2-46 Attaching Night Sight ..............................................................2-47 Boresighting the Night Sight ...................................................2-49 SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Tanks (Through Day Sight) .....2-54 SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Tanks (Through Night Sight) ...2-54 SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Light Armored Vehicles (Through Day Sight) .............................................................2-55 SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Light Armored Vehicles (Through Night Sight) ...........................................................2-55

TM 10687A-OR/C ILLUSTRATIONS – Continued. Figure Title Page

2-30. 2-31. 2-32. 3-1. 3-2. 3-3. 3-4.

SRAW MPV Aimpoint (Through Day Sight)............................2-56 SRAW MPV Aimpoint (Through Night Sight)..........................2-56 Accessing Battery Activate Plunger and Fire Bar...................2-59 Unpacking the SRAW.............................................................3-2 SRAW Container Labels and Markings..................................3-5 SRAW Labels and Markings – Left Side ................................3-23 SRAW Labels and Markings – Right Side..............................3-24

vii

TM 10687A-OR/C ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS Abbreviation Term

ASP ............................................. Ammunition Supply Point CLP ............................................. Cleaning Lubricant Preservative EFP ............................................. Explosively Formed Penetrator EOD............................................. Explosive Ordnance Disposal FO................................................ Forward Observer JRCA ........................................... Jet Reaction Control Assembly LAW............................................. Lubricant, Arctic Weather LOS ............................................. Line-of-Sight MOPP.......................................... Mission-Oriented Protective Posture MPV............................................. Multiple Purpose Variant NBC............................................. Nuclear, Biological, Chemical PMCS .......................................... Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services RRM ............................................ Round Release Mechanism S&A ............................................. Safe and Arm SRAW.......................................... Short Range Assault Weapon TDD ............................................. Target Detection Device viii

TM 10687A-OR/C SAFETY SUMMARY 1. GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS This manual describes physical processes that may cause injury or death to personnel, or damage to equipment, if not followed properly. This safety summary includes safety precautions and instructions that must be understood and applied during operations to ensure personnel safety and protection of equipment. Prior to performing the task, the WARNINGs, CAUTIONs, or NOTEs included in that task shall be reviewed and understood. 2. WARNINGs, CAUTIONs, AND NOTEs WARNINGs and CAUTIONs are used in this manual to highlight operating or maintenance procedures, practices, conditions, or statements that are considered essential to protection of personnel (WARNING) or equipment (CAUTION). WARNINGs and CAUTIONs immediately precede the step or procedure to which they apply. NOTEs are used to highlight operating or maintenance procedures, practices, conditions, or statements that are not essential to protection of personnel or equipment. ix

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. (Page 1-11, Page 2-40) WARNING The SRAW backblast is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that no friendly troops are in the backblast area before firing. Failure to comply with this warning may result in severe injury or death. (Page 2-26) WARNING Firing the SRAW from an enclosure may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the enclosure is at least 4.57 meters (15 feet) long by 3.66 meters (12 feet) wide by 2.13 meters (7 feet) high. There also must be at least 22 square feet of ventilation, which may be provided by opening doors and windows. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. (Page 2-27)

x

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING Firing the SRAW through an opening, such as a window or door, may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the forward end of the SRAW extends outside of the opening. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. (Page 2-27) WARNING Firing the SRAW from a bunker may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the forward and aft ends of the weapon are clear of bunker materials or any other obstructions. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. (Page 2-31) WARNING Firing the SRAW from the prone position may be hazardous. When employing the prone position, the gunner’s body must be angled at least 30 degrees from the centerline of the weapon’s backblast. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury. (Page 2-38)

xi

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING The minimum COMBAT target engagement range is 17 meters for the SRAW Predator and 25 meters for the SRAW MPV. Engagement of targets at these ranges may present a hazard to the gunner and adjacent personnel as a result of fragmentation and debris from the target. All personnel must ensure they are wearing approved hearing protection, Kevlar vests, helmets and appropriate eye protection (e.g., military issued goggles or safety glasses) and are in a covered position. (Page 2-40) WARNING The SRAW will produce approximately 170 decibels when fired. When firing from an open area or bunker, the gunner and other personnel must not be exposed to more than 5 firings per day. All personnel must wear single hearing protection. Failure to comply with this warning may result in hearing injury. (Page 2-40)

xii

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING The SRAW will produce approximately 170 decibels when fired. When firing from an enclosure, the gunner must not be exposed to more than 2 firings per day, and other support personnel must not be exposed to more than 1 firing per day. All personnel must wear single hearing protection. Failure to comply with this warning may result in hearing injury. (Page 2-41) WARNING The SRAW MPV warhead detonation will produce approximately 190 decibels. When engaging targets at ranges of 25-40 meters the gunner and other support personnel should wear double hearing protection. Failure to comply with warning may result in hearing injury. (Page 2-41) WARNING Firing the SRAW with the sling in front or rear of the launch tube is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the sling is not hanging in front or rear of the launch tube when firing. Failure to comply may result in serious injury. (Page 2-43, Page 2-50, Page 2-57)

xiii

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING The SRAW day sight is not a substitute for laser eye protection. The gunner should wear laser goggles if under threat of hazardous laser exposure. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. (Page 2-52) WARNING Viewing light sources such as a searchlight or flare through the day sight may be hazardous. The gunner should avoid looking at light sources through the day sight. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. (Page 2-52) WARNING If the SRAW eyecup is missing, the gunner should take care that the day sight does not come into contact with the eye when firing. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. (Page 2-53) WARNING Destroying the expended SRAW launch tube may be hazardous. The gunner should wear eye protection and gloves when using rock, brick, or E-Tool to destroy weapon. Failure to comply may result in injury. (Page 2-61) xiv

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING When the SRAW missile fails to launch properly, the weapon is in the hangfire/misfire condition. The gunner must observe proper procedures if a hangfire/misfire condition exists. Failure to observe proper procedures may result in serious injury or death. (Page 2-62) WARNING The SRAW Predator Target Detection Device (TDD) contains a Class 3a laser that can continue to transmit if the warhead fails to detonate. The gunner must stay at least 5 meters (16 feet) away from a dud missile for at least 5 minutes. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. (Page 2-65) WARNING When exposed to NBC hazards, the gunner must handle the weapon with extreme care. The weapon may be coated with residual contaminants and must be handled in accordance with proper procedures. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury or death. (Page 2-67)

xv

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING The loaded container weighs approximately 68 kilograms (150 pounds). When moving a loaded container, use a two-man lift. When cutting the steel bands, the gunner must wear eye protection and gloves. Failure to comply with this warning may result in injury. (Page 3-3) WARNING CLP and LAW are flammable and toxic to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Skin, eye, and breathing protection are required. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact. Keep away from open flames or other sources of ignition. (Page 3-33) WARNING Deicer – Defroster Fluid is flammable and toxic to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Skin, eye, and breathing protection required. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact. Keep away from open flames or other sources of ignition. (Page 3-36)

xvi

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION If the target is not tracked for at least 2 seconds and the weapon is not fired within 12 seconds of battery activation, the weapon’s performance becomes severely degraded. (Page 2-3) CAUTION When transporting an unpacked SRAW in a vehicle, the gunner must ensure the weapon is not standing with its forward end down. Failure to comply with this caution may cause internal damage to the weapon. (Page 2-17) CAUTION When transporting the SRAW using the sling, the gunner must ensure the forward end is not pointed straight down. Failure to comply with this caution may cause internal damage to the weapon. (Page 2-19) CAUTION Weapon must be firmly held when releasing the quick-release buckle. Failure to comply may result in a dropped weapon with possible internal/external damage. (Page 2-22)

xvii

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION When firing the SRAW where loose sand or gravel is present in front of the firing position, the gunner should wear eye protection. (Page 2-42) CAUTION The gunner must not raise the fire bar cover or press the battery activate plunger until a positive decision has been made to fire the weapon. If the weapon is not fired within 12 seconds of battery activation, its performance becomes severely degraded. (Page 2-58) CAUTION Once tracking of the target has begun, it must not be interrupted. If tracking is interrupted or erratic for any reason, a full 2 seconds of steady tracking must be performed prior to pressing the fire bar. Failure to observe this caution may result in degraded missile performance. (Page 2-58) CAUTION Gunner must ensure aim point is maintained throughout the firing process. Pulling the weapon down while depressing the fire bar could cause the missile to drop below the line of sight causing a misfire. (Page 2-60) xviii

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION The gunner must continue to aim the weapon at the target while conducting immediate action procedures. The missile may launch when fire bar is released. (Page 2-63) CAUTION SRAW components may be damaged when using the cleaning rod. The gunner must take care not to damage any components. Failure to comply may result in damage to the weapon. (Page 3-26) CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during cleaning. The gunner must not lift the fire bar while cleaning. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. (Page 3-27) CAUTION SRAW closures may be damaged during cleaning if care is not taken. If either closure is damaged to the point where the interior of the weapon is exposed to the elements, or if either closure falls off during cleaning, the weapon must be removed from service. (Page 3-28)

xix

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION The day sight lenses may be damaged during cleaning if care is not taken. Failure to comply with this caution may hinder the weapon’s performance. (Page 3-29) CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during preconditioning. The gunner must not lift the fire bar cover while preconditioning. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. (Page 3-35) CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during deicing. The gunner must not lift the fire bar cover while deicing. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. (Page 3-36)

xx

TM 10687A-OR/C

CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Section I. INTRODUCTION 1.1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE This manual is for use in operating and maintaining the Short Range Assault Weapon Predator (SRAW Predator) MK 40, Mod 0 and the Short Range Assault Weapon Multiple Purpose Variant (SRAW MPV) MK 41, Mod 0. Use the manual to assist in maintaining proficiency and to keep the weapon in peak operating condition. 1.2 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Warnings that appear throughout this manual are for the gunner’s safety and the safety of nearby personnel. Cautions help prevent damage to the weapon and weapon performance degradation.

1-1

TM 10687A-OR/C Frequently review the Safety Summary pages in the front of this manual. 1.3 MAINTENANCE FORMS AND RECORDS All record and report forms, which are required by current directives, shall be in accordance with TM 4700-15/1. 1.4 RECOMMENDED CHANGES TO PUBLICATIONS Submit notice of discrepancies or suggested changes on a NAVMC 10772. The NAVMC may be submitted via the Internet using website https://pubs.ala.usmc.mil/front.htm, scrolling down to the NAVMC 10772 Tracking Program and following instructions provided. It may also be submitted by electronic mail to smb.log.tech.pubs.fct@usmc.mil, or by mailing paper copy NAVMC 10772 in an envelope addressed to Commander, Marine Corps Systems Command, Attn: Assistant Commander Acquisition and Logistics (LOG/TP), 814 Radford Blvd, Suite 20343, Albany, Georgia 31704-0343.

1-2

TM 10687A-OR/C Section II. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

1.5 GENERAL a. SRAW Predator. The SRAW Predator MK 40, Mod 0, (DODIC PL61), shown in Figure 1-1, is a man-portable, fire-and-forget assault weapon designed to defeat advanced armor threats. The weapon is shoulder fired and can be carried by an individual Marine. Once the weapon has been fired, it cannot be reloaded and the launcher should be destroyed. The tactical weapon consists of a launcher and missile. After launch, the missile flies a trajectory about 2.75 meters (9 feet) above the gunner’s line-of-sight (LOS). This enables the missile to attack the vulnerable top of the target by over-flying and detonating an Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) warhead down into the target. The missile senses the magnetic signature of the vehicle (designed for main battle tanks) using a magnetometer, and the leading/trailing edges of the vehicle using a laser range finder. The target detection system 1-3

TM 10687A-OR/C fires the warhead at a point determined to produce a lethal, top-down blast into the target. Table 1-1 lists the physical characteristics of the weapon. NOTE The SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV can be distinguished by the bandings on the launch tube. SRAW Predator has three bands: black signifying anti-armor, yellow signifying high explosive, and brown signifying low explosive. SRAW MPV has two bands: yellow and brown.
Black Band Yellow Band Brown Band

Figure 1-1. The SRAW Predator. 1-4

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-1. SRAW Predator Characteristics Item Data 87.0 centimeters (34.25 inches) 21.3 centimeters (8.4 inches) 9.8 kilograms (21.6 pounds) LX-14 1.05 kilograms (2.31 pounds) Two-Stage; Solid Motor; Minimum Smoke Propellant Inertial, Fire and Forget, Overflight Trajectory Laser Ranging/Magnetic Proximity 1-5

Length

Diameter (with Shock Isolators) Weight Warhead Explosive Material Warhead Explosive Weight Rocket Motor Guidance Target Sensor

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-1. SRAW Predator Characteristics – Continued. Item Data Operational Range: Stationary Target (see note below) WARNING The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. 17 to 600 meters (55 to 1,968 feet) Moving Target (see note below) WARNING The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. 17 to 200 meters (55 to 656 feet) 1-6

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-1. SRAW Predator Characteristics – Continued. Item Data Target Defeat Current and Future Main Battle Tanks with Explosive Reactive Armor Maximum Flight of Missile (if launched at 30-degree elevation) Operating Temperatures Storage Temperatures Shelf Life 5000 meters (3.1 miles) -32°C to 63°C (-25.6°F to 145.4°F) -54°C to 68°C (-65.2°F to 154.4°F) 10 Years NOTE Targets moving directly toward or away from the gunner are seen as stationary objects by the SRAW Predator. Therefore, a tank at 600 meters that is moving directly toward the gunner is within range of the weapon.

1-7

TM 10687A-OR/C b. SRAW MPV. The SRAW MPV MK 41, Mod 0, (DODIC PM78), shown in Figure 1-2, is a man-portable, fire-andforget assault weapon designed to defeat fortified positions and light armor threats. The weapon is shoulder fired and can be carried by an individual Marine. Once the weapon has been fired, it cannot be reloaded and the launcher should be destroyed. The tactical weapon consists of a launcher and missile. After launch, the missile flies a flat trajectory along the gunner’s line of sight (LOS). Upon impact with the target, the fuse senses a hard or soft target. If the target is a “hard” target (e.g., a brick wall), the fuse detonates on impact. If the target is a “soft” target (e.g., sandbags), the fuse will delay detonation to further penetrate the target. Table 1-2 lists the physical characteristics of the weapon.

1-8

TM 10687A-OR/C NOTE The SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV can be distinguished by the bandings on the launch tube. SRAW Predator has three bands: black signifying anti-armor, yellow signifying high explosive, and brown signifying low explosive. SRAW MPV has two bands: yellow and brown.
Yellow Band Brown Band

Figure 1-2. The SRAW MPV.

1-9

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-2. SRAW MPV Characteristics Item Data 87.0 centimeters (34.25 Length inches) Diameter (with Shock Isolators) Weight Warhead Explosive Material Warhead Explosive Weight Rocket Motor Guidance Fuzing 21.3 centimeters (8.4 inches) 9.8 kilograms (21.6 pounds) Aluminized Composition A3 1.54 kilograms (3.4 pounds) Two-Stage; Solid Motor; Minimum Smoke Propellant Inertial, Fire and Forget, Flat Trajectory Dual Mode

1-10

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-2. SRAW MPV Characteristics – Continued. Item Data Operational Range: Stationary Target (see note below) WARNING The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. 25 to 600 meters (82 to 1,968 feet) Moving Target (see note below) WARNING The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. 25 to 200 meters (82 to 656 feet) 1-11

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 1-2. SRAW MPV Characteristics – Continued. Item Data Target Defeat Fortified positions and light armored vehicles Maximum Flight of Missile (if launched at 30 degree elevation) Operating Temperatures Storage Temperatures Shelf Life 5000 meters (3.1 miles) -32°C to 63°C (-25.6°F to 145.4°F) -54°C to 68°C (-65.2°F to 154.4°F) 10 Years NOTE Targets moving directly toward or away from the gunner are seen as stationary objects by the SRAW MPV. Therefore, a light armored vehicle at 600 meters that is moving directly toward the gunner is within range of the weapon.

1-12

TM 10687A-OR/C 1.6 LAUNCHER The launcher assembly, shown in Figure 1-3, is identical for both the SRAW Predator and the SRAW MPV with the exception of the bandings described above. It consists of a telescope assembly, a day sight strap, a night sight mounting rail cover (commonly called the rail cover), a lens cover, a sling, and a tube assembly. Launcher components are described in the following subparagraphs. a. Telescope Assembly. The telescope assembly (1) is described in Chapter 2, Section I. b. Day Sight Strap. The day sight strap (2) is used to secure the day sight in the stowed position. c. Rail Cover. The rail cover (3) protects the night sight mounting rail when the night sight is not mounted. The rail cover can also be used for stabilizing the weapon with the left hand.

d. Lens Cover. A hinged lens cover (4) protects the forward day sight lens. 1-13

TM 10687A-OR/C e. Sling. The sling (5) is used for carrying the weapon.

5 1. Telescope Assembly 6 2. Day Sight Strap 3. Rail Cover 4. Lens Cover 5. Sling 1 2 3 4 Figure 1-3. SRAW Launcher. 6. Tube Assembly

1-14

TM 10687A-OR/C f. Tube Assembly. The tube assembly (6) is a graphitecomposite cylinder providing a protective housing for the missile and a mounting surface for the launcher components. The tube assembly includes the carrying handle, forward and aft closures, forward and aft shock isolators, a shoulder stop, and the trigger housing assembly. These tube assembly components are described in the following sub-paragraphs. (1) Carrying Handle. The carrying handle (1, Figure 1-4) is spring-loaded so that it will be held against the tube’s surface when not being used. (2) Forward and Aft Closures. The forward and aft closures (2 and 3) are made of graphitecomposite/polypropylene foam and provide environmental protection to the missile within the launch tube. The aft closure is blown off at missile launch, and the forward closure is pushed off by the missile exiting the launch tube.

1-15

TM 10687A-OR/C (3) Forward and Aft Shock Isolators. The forward and aft shock isolators (4 and 5) are made of polypropylene foam and are designed to prevent damage during field handling or transportation.
5

1. Carrying Handle
3 1

2. Forward Closure 3. Aft Closure 4. Forward Shock Isolator 5. Aft Shock Isolator
2

4

6 7

6. Shoulder Stop 7. Trigger Housing Assembly

Figure 1-4. SRAW Tube Assembly. 1-16

TM 10687A-OR/C (4) Shoulder Stop. The shoulder stop (6) is used to steady the weapon during aiming and firing. (5) Trigger Housing Assembly. The trigger housing assembly (7) is described in Chapter 2, Section I. 1-7. MISSILE a. SRAW Predator. The missile comprises a Target Detection Device (TDD) module, a Warhead Module, and a Flight Module, as shown in Figure 1-5. (1) TDD Module. The TDD Module (1) contains a laser range finder and magnetic sensor. The front of the TDD has a window to allow for laser ranging. (2) Warhead Module. The Warhead Module (2) consists of the Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) and the Safe and Arm (S&A) device. (3) Flight Module. The Flight Module (3) is the delivery system for the warhead. The module includes the 1-17

TM 10687A-OR/C rocket motor (containing a launch grain section and a flight grain section), autopilot circuitry, autopilot and ordnance batteries, Jet Reaction Control Assembly (JRCA), and Round Release Mechanism (RRM). Functional descriptions of these assemblies are provided in Chapter 2, Section II. 1 2 3

Figure 1-5. SRAW Predator Missile.

1-18

TM 10687A-OR/C

b. SRAW MPV. The missile comprises a Warhead Module and a Flight Module, as shown in Figure 1-6. (1) Warhead Module. The Warhead Module (1) consists of a high explosive warhead with a dual mode fuze. (2) Flight Module. The Flight Module (2) is the delivery system for the warhead. The module includes the rocket motor (containing a launch grain section and a flight grain section), autopilot circuitry, autopilot and ordnance batteries, Jet Reaction Control Assembly (JRCA), and Round Release Mechanism (RRM). Functional descriptions of these assemblies are provided in Chapter 2, Section II.

1-19

TM 10687A-OR/C

1

2

Foam Filler

Figure 1-6. SRAW MPV Missile.

1-20

TM 10687A-OR/C

CHAPTER 2
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Section I. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS 2.1 TRIGGER HOUSING ASSEMBLY The trigger housing assembly, as shown in Figure 2-1, is located on the right side of the launcher (when looking forward). The gunner’s primary controls are the battery activate plunger, fire bar, fire bar cover, and battery activate indicator. a. Battery Activate Plunger. The battery activate plunger (1) is a thumb-operated plunger that activates the missile’s autopilot battery allowing, a 2-12 second tracking window. Once the battery activate plunger is pressed and held, the gunner must press the fire bar within 2-12 seconds or the weapon’s performance becomes severely degraded.

2-1

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION If the target is not tracked for at least 2 seconds and the weapon is not fired within 12 seconds of battery activation, the weapon’s performance becomes severely degraded.
1 2 3

1. Battery Activate Plunger 2. Fire Bar 3. Fire Bar Cover 4. Battery Activate Indicator
4

Figure 2-1. Trigger Housing Assembly.

2-2

TM 10687A-OR/C b. Fire Bar. The fire bar (2) is a lever device designed to be pushed downward by the fingertips. Once the battery activate plunger is pressed and held, the fire bar mechanism is unlocked. Pressing the fire bar activates the ordnance battery and commands missile launch. c. Fire Bar Cover. The fire bar cover (3) is a hinged protective device that helps prevent damage to the fire bar mechanism. A notch in the end of the cover slips behind the head of the battery activate plunger to prevent accidental activation. The notch is fitted with a spring-clip that secures it to the battery activate plunger. The cover is lifted by the gunner’s thumb and fingers to gain access to the battery activate plunger and the fire bar.

d. Battery Activate Indicator. The battery activate indicator (4) is a window in the link bar of the trigger housing assembly. A green field in the window indicates a nonactivated autopilot battery condition; a battery with a line through it indicates the autopilot battery has been activated, as shown in Figure 2-2. The battery activate 2-3

TM 10687A-OR/C plunger mechanically moves a linkage that changes the indication.

INDICATION OF A NON-ACTIVATED AUTOPILOT BATTERY

INDICATION OF AN ACTIVATED AUTOPILOT BATTERY

BATT

GREEN FIELD

GREEN FIELD IS GONE AND LINE THROUGH THE BATTERY SYMBOL INDICATES ACTIVATED AUTOPILOT BATTERY.

Figure 2-2. Battery Activate Indicator.

2-4

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.2 TELESCOPE ASSEMBLY The telescope assembly, Figure 2-3, provides a 2.5x magnification, 8-degree field of view of the target area. The telescope assembly is equipped with a day sight, eyecup, and night sight mounting rail. a. Day Sight. The day sight (1) contains a series of lenses and mirrors. Between two of the lenses is a reticle used for sighting the target. Although an internal filter reduces the chances of eye damage caused by enemy laser transmitters, laser eye goggles must be worn when under laser threat conditions. During transport, the eyepiece is stowed down against the launch tube. When ready, the gunner moves the eyepiece up and out from the stowed position to the first detent for missile firing. The second detent is used for boresighting the night sight. b. Eyecup. The eyecup (2) is soft and conforms to the gunner’s eye.

2-5

TM 10687A-OR/C c. Night Sight Mounting Rail. The night sight mounting rail (3) accepts the AN/PVS-17C night sight, as shown in Figure 2-4. The mounting rail is a standard design capable of receiving various night vision devices.

d. Night Sight. The AN/PVS-17C provides 2.5X magnification.

1

1. Day Sight 2. Eyecup 2 3. Night Sight Mounting Rail

3

Figure 2-3. Telescope Assembly. 2-6

TM 10687A-OR/C

Figure 2-4. AN/PVS-17C Night Sight Installed.

2-7

TM 10687A-OR/C Section II. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SRAW To properly destroy targets with the SRAW, five major functions must occur; target tracking, missile launch, missile flight, arming, and target detection/destruction. 2.3 TARGET TRACKING When the gunner presses and holds the battery activate plunger, the missile autopilot battery is activated and initiates the missile guidance circuitry contained in the autopilot module. While the gunner holds the crosshairs on the target, the autopilot senses and stores acceleration and angular rate data until the fire bar is pressed. (Once the battery activate plunger is pressed and held, the target must be tracked for a minimum of 2 seconds before pressing the fire bar.) The autopilot battery allows for a maximum tracking interval of 12 seconds to ensure a steady, constant track of the target. When the fire bar is pressed, the missile launch sequence is initiated.

2-8

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.4 MISSILE LAUNCH The launch sequence includes initiation of the Round Release Mechanism (RRM), ignition of the launch motor, and ignition of the Jet Reaction Control Assembly (JRCA). When the fire bar is pressed a gas cartridge within the RRM is fired, causing ejection of the aft closure and RRM out of the aft end of the launch tube. The launch motor ignites and burns out before the missile exits from the launch tube. The entire process, from pressing the fire bar to tube exit by the missile, is completed in approximately 0.250 seconds. As the missile moves down the launch tube, the forward closure is pushed away. When the missile clears the launch tube, four spring-loaded, 3-inch fins deploy to stabilize the missile’s flight. The JRCA provides missile steering for the missile flight. 2.5 MISSILE FLIGHT a. SRAW Predator. After coasting for approximately 5 meters (16 feet) downrange, the flight grain portion of the rocket motor ignites. The flight grain burns for approximately 1 second and provides sufficient boost for the missile to 2-9

TM 10687A-OR/C cover the maximum operational range of 600 meters (1,968 feet) in approximately 3 seconds. The autopilot compensates for moving targets, as shown in Figure 2-5. While the gunner is tracking a moving target, the system calculates the target’s rate of movement. The rate is stored in memory and during missile flight produces steering commands causing the missile to follow the calculated rate of the target. A 7° fixed elevation angle (relative to the gunner’s sight) is held by the missile for about 50 meters (164 feet). The missile then pitches down to a flight level 2.75 meters (9 feet) above the sightline. This elevation is maintained for the remainder of the flight.

2-10

TM 10687A-OR/C

DURING THE FIRST 50 METERS OF FLIGHT, THE SRAW PREDATOR MISSILE WILL CLIMB TO 2.75 METERS ABOVE THE GUNNER’S LINE OF SIGHT AND FLY AT THAT LEVEL FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE FLIGHT.

Figure 2-5. SRAW Predator Autopilot Compensation for Moving Targets. b. SRAW MPV. After coasting for approximately 5 meters (16 feet) downrange, the flight grain portion of the rocket motor ignites. The flight grain burns for approximately 1 second and provides sufficient boost for the missile to cover the maximum operational range of 600 meters (1,968 feet) in approximately 3 seconds.

2-11

TM 10687A-OR/C The autopilot compensates for moving targets, as shown in Figure 2-6. While the gunner is tracking a moving target, the system calculates the target’s rate of movement. The rate is stored in memory and during missile flight produces steering commands causing the missile to follow the calculated rate of the target. The missile flies out to the target along the gunner’s line of sight.

Figure 2-6. SRAW MPV Autopilot Compensation for Moving Targets. 2-12

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.6 ARMING To protect the gunner from premature warhead detonation, neither the Safe and Arm (S&A) mechanism of the SRAW Predator nor the fuze of the SRAW MPV will arm the warhead until several events have occurred. The events are as follows: • • • The missile has departed the launch tube. The flight motor has ignited. The missile has sustained a specified acceleration.

The SRAW Predator missile is armed at 17 meters (55 feet). The SRAW MPV missile is armed at 25 meters (82 feet).

2-13

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.7 TARGET DETECTION/DESTRUCTION a. SRAW Predator. The Target Detection Device (TDD) for the SRAW Predator includes a laser transmitter/receiver for target ranging and a magnetometer for sensing the presence of valid targets, as shown in Figure 2-7. The laser system constantly measures changes in range (from the TDD to any surface). A target’s leading edge is detected by a sudden decrease in laser range and the target’s trailing edge is detected by a sudden increase in laser range. The missile’s magnetometer senses disturbances in the local magnetic field. When the missile approaches a target with enough magnetic disturbance (designed for main battle tanks), the magnetometer informs the TDD microprocessor of a valid target detection. Combined with laser ranging and magnetic sensing, the TDD ensures the warhead is directly over the target’s vulnerable turret, and then delivers a warhead fire command, causing the Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) to form and penetrate down through the turret. 2-14

TM 10687A-OR/C

3. LASER SENSES TRAILING EDGE OF TARGET 1. MAGNETOMETER SENSES TARGET 2. LASER SENSES LEADING EDGE OF TARGET 4. WARHEAD DETONATES THROUGH TURRET

Figure 2-7. SRAW Predator Target Detection/Destruction.

2-15

TM 10687A-OR/C

b. SRAW MPV. The SRAW MPV has a dual mode fuze that automatically discriminates between hard and soft targets. Upon hard target impact (e.g., brick wall), the fuze functions in the super quick mode, causing the warhead to detonate immediately. Upon soft target impact (e.g., sandbag bunker), the fuze functions in the delay mode, allowing the warhead to penetrate the target prior to detonation.

2-16

TM 10687A-OR/C Section III. OPERATION, NORMAL CONDITIONS 2.8 PREPARATION This section provides instruction on using the SRAW under normal conditions. To prepare for a mission with the weapon, perform the following actions: CAUTION When transporting an unpacked SRAW in a vehicle, the gunner must ensure the weapon is not standing with its forward end down. Failure to comply with this caution may cause internal damage to the weapon. a. Remove the weapon from its container as prescribed in Paragraph 3-1. b. Perform the PMCS inspections as prescribed in Table 3-3. c. Adjust the sling for desired length. d. Ensure the day sight is stowed. 2-17

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.9 CARRYING TECHNIQUES There are three basic methods of carrying the SRAW weapon: the hand carry, the sling carry, and the back carry. Tactical situation should be considered when choosing a carrying technique. The back carry should not be employed when on icy or rocky terrain. During transportation of the SRAW the forward end of the weapon should be pointed up. a. Hand Carry. The hand carry is shown in Figure 2-8.

Figure 2-8. Hand Carry. 2-18

TM 10687A-OR/C

CAUTION When transporting the SRAW using the sling, the gunner must ensure the forward end is not pointed straight down. Failure to comply with this caution may cause internal damage to the weapon. b. Sling Carry. The sling carry is shown in Figure 2-9. A modified sling carry, the “Robin Hood,” is shown in Figure 2-10.

2-19

TM 10687A-OR/C

Figure 2-9. Sling Carry.

Figure 2-10. Robin Hood Sling Carry.

2-20

TM 10687A-OR/C c. Back Carry. The back carry is shown in Figure 2-11.

Figure 2-11. Back Carry.

2-21

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.10 UNSHOULDERING WEAPON

CAUTION Weapon must be firmly held when releasing the quickrelease buckle. Failure to comply may result in a dropped weapon with possible internal/external damage. a. Using the handle, hold the SRAW. b. Using the quick-release buckle, release the sling. c. Refasten the quick-release buckle.

2-22

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.11 FIRING SITE SELECTION There are six site selection concerns for successful firing of the SRAW and the safety of the gunner and other friendly forces in the area. These concerns are as follows: • Field of Fire • Backblast Area • Enclosure Firing • Bunker Firing • Elevation/Depression Firing Limitations • Cant a. Field of Fire. The gunner must ensure that the field of fire is completely free of obstructions, as shown in Figure 2-12. Trees, brush, rocks, or buildings blocking the gunner’s line of sight to the target will block the missile’s flight. When employing the SRAW Predator, overhead obstructions such as trees and powerlines 2.75 meters (9 feet) above 2-23

TM 10687A-OR/C the gunner’s line of sight will also block the missile’s flight. If engaging moving targets, the gunner must ensure there is a sufficient kill window for the missile to reach the target before the target becomes obstructed. The missile will reach a moving target at 200 meters (656 feet) in approximately 1.6 seconds and a moving target at 100 meters (328 feet) in approximately 1.2 seconds. For cleanshot confidence, the gunner should assume a missile flight of 3.0 seconds in all moving target situations.

ENSURE CLEAR FIELD OF FIRE

Figure 2-12. SRAW Field of Fire. 2-24

TM 10687A-OR/C a. Field of Fire – Continued. Determination of the kill window must include: – Time to acquire the target with the bare eyes. – Time to align the target in the weapon sight and to make a firm decision to fire. – Time to track – minimum of 2 seconds. – Time for the missile flight. NOTE (SRAW PREDATOR ONLY) Once the SRAW Predator missile is launched, it will engage the first target for which it is designed (main battle tanks and armored vehicles). Destroyed tanks and armored vehicles within the missile’s line of flight may cause the missile to detonate. If destroyed or nondesired targets are in the flight path of the missile, the gunner must move to an alternate firing position or wait until the flight path is clear.

2-25

TM 10687A-OR/C

WARNING The SRAW backblast is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that no friendly troops are in the backblast area before firing. Failure to comply with this warning may result in severe injury or death.

b. Backblast Area. Ensure there are no friendly forces within 25 meters (82 feet) of the backblast area (Figure 2-13).

25 METERS 60 DEGREES

Figure 2-13. Backblast Area.

2-26

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING • Firing the SRAW from an enclosure may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the enclosure is at least 4.57 meters (15 feet) long by 3.66 meters (12 feet) wide by 2.13 meters (7 feet) high. There also must be at least 22 square feet of ventilation, which may be provided by opening doors and windows. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. • Firing the SRAW through an opening, such as a window or door, may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the forward end of the SRAW extends outside of the opening. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. c. Enclosure Firing. The SRAW may be fired from within an enclosure. The minimum dimensions of the 2-27

TM 10687A-OR/C enclosure are 4.57 meters (15 feet) long, by 3.66 meters (12 feet) wide, by 2.13 meters (7 feet) high, as shown in Figures 2-14 and 2-15. The enclosure must have at least 22 square feet of ventilation to disperse noise, toxic gases, and shock waves. This is approximately the amount of ventilation provided by opening a standard window and door. The gunner must take special care that the forward end of the weapon is completely unobstructed to allow a free exit of the missile. NOTE The figures shown are provided as examples of the minimum required room size and openings. Room height, length, and width can vary as long as the gunner ensures that the minimum cubic space and ventilation are available.

2-28

TM 10687A-OR/C
4.57M (15FT) 3.66M (12FT)

2.13M (7FT)

Figure 2-14. Firing the SRAW from an Enclosure.

2-29

TM 10687A-OR/C
4.57M (15FT)

HEARING PROTECTION REQUIRED IN THIS AREA!

BACKBLAST AREA! 60° GUNNER NO PERSONNEL IN THIS AREA! 3.66M (12FT)

HEARING PROTECTION REQUIRED IN THIS AREA!

Figure 2-15. Overhead View of Enclosure Firing Hazard Areas.

2-30

TM 10687A-OR/C

WARNING Firing the SRAW from a bunker may be hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the forward and aft ends of the weapon are clear of bunker materials. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury to the gunner or other personnel. d. Bunker Firing. The SRAW may be fired from a bunker as shown in Figures 2-16 and 2-17. The gunner must take special care to ensure that the backblast of the weapon is aimed outside of the bunker and the forward end of the weapon is completely unobstructed to allow a free exit of the missile.

2-31

TM 10687A-OR/C

FRONT OF WEAPON MUST BE OUTSIDE OF BUNKER AND FLIGHT PATH MUST BE CLEAR TO TARGET

REAR OF WEAPON MUST BE OUTSIDE OF BUNKER

LENGTH OF BUNKER MUST BE NO MORE THAN 2 FEET

RECOMMENDED DEPTH IS 4.5 FEET

Figure 2-16. Firing the SRAW from a Bunker – Side View.

2-32

TM 10687A-OR/C

RECOMMENDED HEIGHT OF BUNKER OPENING IS 2 FEET

ENSURE WEAPON CLEARANCE

RECOMMENDED WIDTH IS 7 FEET

Figure 2-17. Firing the SRAW from a Bunker – Front View.

2-33

TM 10687A-OR/C e. Elevation/Depression Firing Limitations. The SRAW can effectively fire at targets up to a maximum of 30 degrees downward or 30 degrees upward from the gunner’s position. f. Cant. The SRAW can effectively fire up to a maximum 15-degree cant angle.

2.12 FIRING POSITIONS Once the firing site has been selected, the gunner can choose from one of four positions for firing the SRAW. The positions are: – Standing – Kneeling – Sitting – Prone The surroundings and tactical situation may determine which position to choose. When possible, use standard marksmanship 2-34

TM 10687A-OR/C principles to employ the position that provides the most stable platform for accurate aiming and firing of the weapon. When using any of the positions, supporting elbows on sandbags, walls, etc., will greatly improve stability and ensure more accurate shots. However, tracking of moving targets is difficult when the elbows are grounded. a. Standing Firing Position. The standing position, as shown in Figure 2-18, is suitable when the gunner has most of his body protected with a structure, such as a low brick wall or embankment. It is not recommended to use this position in an open area; to do so would make it difficult to steady the weapon for sighting and increase the gunner’s vulnerability. Figure 2-18. Standing Firing Position. 2-35

TM 10687A-OR/C b. Kneeling Firing Position. The kneeling position, as shown in Figure 2-19, is suitable when firing from behind low structures. It offers the advantage of being able to use the knee to steady the weapon while also reducing the gunner’s exposure to enemy fire.

Figure 2-19. Kneeling Firing Position. 2-36

TM 10687A-OR/C c. Sitting Firing Position. The sitting position offers both a low profile and maximum support to steady the weapon. Two variations for the sitting position are shown in Figure 2-20.

Figure 2-20. Sitting Firing Positions. 2-37

TM 10687A-OR/C

WARNING Firing the SRAW from the prone position may be hazardous. When employing the prone position, the gunner’s body must be angled at least 30 degrees from the centerline of the weapon’s backblast. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury. d. Prone Firing Position. The prone position is shown in Figure 2-21. When in the prone position, it is difficult to track moving targets while ensuring the lower body is clear of the backblast area.

2-38

TM 10687A-OR/C

ANGLE FROM CENTERLINE OF BACKBLAST TO LOWER BODY MUST BE AT LEAST 30 DEGREES!

Figure 2-21. Prone Firing Position.

2-39

TM 10687A-OR/C 2.13 PREPARATION FOR FIRING WARNING • The minimum TRAINING target engagement range for the SRAW Predator and SRAW MPV is 100 meters. • The minimum COMBAT target engagement range is 17 meters for the SRAW Predator and 25 meters for the SRAW MPV. Engagement of targets at these ranges may present a hazard to the gunner and adjacent personnel as a result of fragmentation and debris from the target. All personnel must ensure they are wearing approved hearing protection, Kevlar vests, helmets and appropriate eye protection (e.g., military issued goggles or safety glasses) and are in a covered position. • The SRAW will produce approximately 170 decibels when fired. When firing from an open area or bunker, the gunner and other personnel must not be exposed to more than 5 firings per day. All personnel must 2-40

TM 10687A-OR/C wear single hearing protection. Failure to comply with this warning may result in hearing injury. • The SRAW will produce approximately 170 decibels when fired. When firing from an enclosure, the gunner must not be exposed to more than 2 firings per day, and other support personnel must not be exposed to more than 1 firing per day. All personnel must wear single hearing protection. Failure to comply with this warning may result in hearing injury. • The SRAW MPV warhead detonation will produce approximately 190 decibels. When engaging targets at ranges of 25-40 meters the gunner and other support personnel should wear double hearing protection. Failure to comply with warning may result in hearing injury.

2-41

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION • When firing the SRAW where loose sand or gravel is present in front of the firing position, the gunner should wear eye protection. Once the gunner has selected the firing site and the firing position, he has reached the ready-to-fire condition. This paragraph provides the final steps to prepare for daytime and nighttime firing. a. Firing Preparation (1) Release day sight strap. (2) Rotate the day sight from the stowed position to the first detent position (approximately 10:00 o’clock with carrying handle straight up). (3) Open the lens cover on the front of the day sight (cover is hinged and will remain attached to the sight). 2-42

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING Firing the SRAW with the sling in front or rear of the launch tube is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the sling is not hanging in front or rear of the launch tube when firing. Failure to comply may result in serious injury. (4) Ensure the sling is not hanging over the forward or aft end of the weapon and is clear of the trigger housing assembly. (5) Place the weapon on the right shoulder with the shoulder stop in front of the right shoulder. (6) Position the right hand on the trigger housing assembly so the palm is supporting the launcher as shown in Figure 2-22. (7) Place the left hand on the rail cover. 2-43

TM 10687A-OR/C
LEFT HAND ON RAIL COVER

RIGHT HAND ON TRIGGER HOUSING ASSEMBLY

Figure 2-22. Hand Positions for Firing. (8) The gunner is now ready to acquire target and fire weapon as prescribed in Paragraph 2-14. b. Night Firing Preparation. Before using the SRAW at night, the AN/PVS-17C night sight must be installed and boresighted during daylight hours. These steps must be 2-44

TM 10687A-OR/C completed before entering a nighttime tactical combat situation. Prepare for nighttime firing as follows: (1) Perform operational check of night sight in accordance with TM 10796-12&P. (2) Turn rail cover’s captive thumbscrew (1, Figure 2-23) counterclockwise and remove rail cover (2) to expose night sight mounting rail. Retain cover until weapon has been fired. (3) Release day sight strap. (4) Rotate day sight from the stowed position to the second detent position (approximately 12:00 o’clock with carrying handle straight up).

2-45

TM 10687A-OR/C

1. Thumbscrew 2. Rail Cover

2 1 Figure 2-23. Removing Rail Cover. (5) If not installed, fit Picatinny Rail Mount to AN/PVS-17C so that mounting screws are aligned with threaded holes in bottom of sight. Rotate mounting screws using flat head screwdriver. Hand tighten.

2-46

TM 10687A-OR/C (6) Loosen two rail grabber knobs and place night sight on mounting rail as shown in Figure 2-24.

Figure 2-24. Attaching Night Sight. (7) Hand tighten rail grabber knobs. (8) Open the lens cover on the front of the day sight (cover is hinged and will remain attached to the sight). 2-47

TM 10687A-OR/C (9) Boresight the night sight as follows: a. While pointing the SRAW in the direction of an open area, brace the weapon with sandbags or other material. b. Locate a reference point approximately 100 meters (328 feet) downrange. The reference point can be anything with a right angle, such as the corner of a building, as shown in Figure 2-25. NOTE Once the day sight is aligned with the chosen reference point, it must remain motionless. If the weapon moves even the slightest amount, the procedure must be started over. c. Look through the day sight, align the reticle with the chosen reference point, and immobilize with sandbags or other material.

2-48

TM 10687A-OR/C

View through day sight.

View through night sight.

Figure 2-25. Boresighting the Night Sight.

2-49

TM 10687A-OR/C

d. Without moving the SRAW, move to the night sight. Carefully adjust the night sight’s elevation and windage controls until its reticle is aligned to the same point as the day sight.

WARNING Firing the SRAW with the sling in front or rear of the launch tube is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the sling is not hanging in front or rear of the launch tube when firing. Failure to comply may result in serious injury. (10) Ensure the sling is not hanging over the forward or aft end of the weapon and is clear of the trigger housing assembly. (11) Place the weapon on the right shoulder with the shoulder stop in front of the right shoulder. 2-50

TM 10687A-OR/C

(12) Position the right hand on the trigger housing assembly so the palm is supporting the launcher. (13) Place the left hand on night sight. (14) The gunner is now ready to acquire target and fire weapon as prescribed in Paragraph 2-14. c. Removal of Night Sight. When returning to daylight conditions, perform the following procedures: (1) Remove the AN/PVS-17C night sight by loosening rail grabber knobs by turning counterclockwise. Stow night sight. (2) Slide rail cover onto night sight mounting rail and secure by turning thumbscrew clockwise.

2-51

TM 10687A-OR/C (3) Secure day sight in stowed position and close lens cover. 2.14 TARGET ENGAGEMENT a. Target Acquisition (1) Visually acquire the target. (2) Ensure the backblast area is clear. WARNING • The SRAW day sight is not a substitute for laser eye protection. The gunner should wear laser goggles if under threat of hazardous laser exposure. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. • Viewing light sources such as a searchlight or flare through the day sight may be hazardous. The gunner should avoid looking at light sources through the day sight. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. 2-52

TM 10687A-OR/C WARNING If the SRAW eyecup is missing, the gunner must take care that the day sight does not come into contact with the eye when firing. Failure to comply may result in eye injury. (3) Position right eye against the eyecup. (4) When employing the SRAW Predator against tanks, look through the sight and place the horizontal reticle line at the base of turret, and the vertical reticle line at center-mass of the target, as shown in Figure 2-26. When using the night sight, place red dot reticle at the base of turret, center-mass of the target, as shown in Figure 2-27.

2-53

TM 10687A-OR/C

Figure 2-26. SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Tanks (Through Day Sight).

Figure 2-27. SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Tanks (Through Night Sight).

2-54

TM 10687A-OR/C (5) When employing the SRAW Predator against light armored vehicles, the horizontal and vertical reticle lines must be placed at center mass of target, as shown in Figure 2-28. When using the night sight, place red dot reticle at center mass of target, as shown in Figure 2-29.

Figure 2-28. SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Light Armored Vehicles (Through Day Sight).

Figure 2-29. SRAW Predator Aimpoint on Light Armored Vehicles (Through Night Sight). 2-55

TM 10687A-OR/C (1) When employing the SRAW MPV place the lower vertical notch of the crosshairs on the desired point of impact, as shown in Figure 2-30. When using the night sight, place red dot reticle about 1 meter above the desired point of impact of target, as shown in Figure 231.

Aimpoint

Aimpoint and Desired Point of Impact

Desired Point of Impact

Figure 2-30. SRAW MPV Aimpoint (Through Day Sight). 2-56

Figure 2-31. SRAW MPV Aimpoint (Through Night Sight).

TM 10687A-OR/C b. Firing Sequence. The following procedures describe the SRAW firing sequence. WARNING Firing the SRAW with the sling in front or rear of the launch tube is hazardous. The gunner must ensure that the sling is not hanging in front or rear of launch tube when firing. Failure to comply may result in serious injury. NOTE • A click or a snap indicates that the fire bar cover has been released. • When aiming at the target, do not lead the target. The weapon’s guidance system will compensate for distance and target movement.

2-57

TM 10687A-OR/C

CAUTION • The gunner must not raise the fire bar cover or press the battery activate plunger until a positive decision has been made to fire the weapon. If the weapon is not fired within 12 seconds of battery activation, its performance becomes severely degraded. • Once tracking of the target has begun, it must not be interrupted. If tracking is interrupted or erratic for any reason, a full 2 seconds of steady tracking must be performed prior to pressing the fire bar. Failure to observe this caution may result in degraded missile performance. (1) Make fire/no-fire decision. (2) Using thumb and fingers of right hand, lift fire bar cover up and forward to gain access to battery activate plunger and fire bar as shown in Figure 232. 2-58

TM 10687A-OR/C

Figure 2-32. Accessing Battery Activate Plunger and Fire Bar. (3) Press and hold battery activate plunger. 2-59

TM 10687A-OR/C (4) Track target for at least 2 seconds, but no more than 12 seconds. NOTE Missile launch will occur in less than one-half of one second after fire bar is pressed. CAUTION Gunner must ensure aim point is maintained throughout the firing process. Pulling the weapon down while depressing the fire bar could cause the missile to drop below the line of sight causing a misfire. (5) While maintaining reticle on target, press fire bar. (6) Remove night sight (if installed). (7) After weapon has been fired, if possible destroy launch tube as follows: 2-60

TM 10687A-OR/C a. Remove sling. It may be kept for other purposes. If destruction is desired, cut sling into pieces so that it is not usable by the enemy. b. Using a rock, brick, or E-Tool, smash day sight and trigger housing assembly so neither can be used by the enemy. WARNING Destroying the expended SRAW launch tube may be hazardous. The gunner should wear eye protection and gloves when using rock, brick, or E-Tool to destroy weapon. Failure to comply may result in injury. c. Destroy launch tube by running over it with a vehicle. If a vehicle is not available, tube should be destroyed using a large blunt object, such as a rock, brick, or E-Tool. 2-61

TM 10687A-OR/C Section IV. OPERATION, UNUSUAL CONDITIONS This section addresses two conditions considered unusual or abnormal for the SRAW. These conditions are weapon malfunctions and operation in Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical (NBC) conditions. 2.15 WEAPON MALFUNCTIONS

When the SRAW fails to operate properly, one of three events has occurred: a misfire, a hangfire, or a flight motor failure. a. Misfire: A misfire is characterized by a failure of any pre-launch events to occur (i.e., failure of activation of the autopilot battery and/or the ordnance battery). b. Hangfire: A hangfire is characterized by a failure of the missile to depart the launch tube after the pre-launch events have occurred.

2-62

TM 10687A-OR/C Immediate action procedures are the same for both misfires and hangfires and are as follows:

WARNING When the SRAW missile fails to launch properly, the weapon is in the hangfire/misfire condition. The gunner must observe proper procedures if a hangfire/misfire condition exists. Failure to observe proper procedures may result in serious injury or death. CAUTION The gunner must continue to aim the weapon at the target while conducting immediate action procedures. The missile may launch when fire bar is released. (1) If missile does not launch immediately after pressing fire bar, keep weapon pointed downrange and shout MISFIRE to alert nearby personnel. 2-63

TM 10687A-OR/C (2) Release fire bar and battery activate plunger. (3) Press and hold battery activate plunger again, track for at least 2 seconds, and press fire bar again. (4) If missile still fails to launch, keep weapon aimed at target or downrange for at least 60 seconds. (5) While keeping weapon aimed downrange and backblast area clear of personnel, unshoulder the weapon and place on the ground with the carrying handle up. (6) Alert nearby personnel of the misfire condition. (7) Notify immediate supervisor and/or range safety personnel who, in turn, will contact Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) personnel for disposal. c. Flight Motor Failure. This condition exists when the missile’s launch motor successfully ignites and the missile is launched out of the tube, but the flight motor fails to ignite when the missile has traveled

2-64

TM 10687A-OR/C approximately 5 meters (16 feet). When this happens, the missile will fall to the ground after coasting a short distance. The warhead will not be armed and will be a dud. Perform the following procedures in the event of a flight motor failure:

WARNING (FOR SRAW PREDATOR ONLY) The SRAW Predator’s Target Detection Device (TDD) contains a Class 3 laser that can continue to transmit if the warhead fails to detonate. Stay at least 5 meters (16 feet) away from a dud missile for at least 5 minutes. Failure to comply with this warning may result in eye injury. (1) Alert nearby personnel of the dud missile and its location.

2-65

TM 10687A-OR/C O (2) Notify immediate supervisor and/or range safety personnel who, in turn, will contact Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) personnel for disposal. 2.16 NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL (NBC) DECONTAMINATION a. Firing Weapon in Protective Gear. The SRAW can be used when wearing the Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) gear. Standard NBC procedures should be employed. WARNING When exposed to NBC hazards, handle the weapon with extreme care. The weapon may be coated with residual contaminants and must be handled in accordance with proper procedures. Failure to comply with this warning may result in serious injury or death.

2-66

TM 10687A-OR/C b. Decontamination of Exposed SRAW. The SRAW cannot be effectively decontaminated. Once the weapon has been contaminated, the gunner must be dressed in MOPP Level 4 gear to handle and fire the weapon. If this is not feasible, notify immediate supervisor and/or range safety personnel who, in turn, will contact Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) personnel for weapon disposal. c. Decontamination of SRAW in Barrier Bag. If the SRAW has been removed from its shipping container (see paragraph 3-1) and is exposed to NBC agents while still in its moisture barrier bag, refer to MCWP 3-37.3, NBC Decontamination, for decontamination procedures.

2-67

TM 10687A-OR/C

CHAPTER 3
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES Section I. PREPARATION FOR USE 3.1 UNPACKING WEAPON The shipping container, as shown in Figure 3-1, holds two SRAWs. The container has two outer shell halves (1 and 6) and two inner shell halves (2 and 4). Barrier bags (3) protect the weapons. The bottom inner shell half contains an Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) diffuser (5). The diffuser is designed to diffuse accidental detonation. Steel bands secure the outer and inner shell halves.

3-1

TM 10687A-OR/C

1

2

3 4 5

6

Figure 3-1. Unpacking the SRAW.

3-2

TM 10687A-OR/C Unpack the weapon as follows: WARNING The loaded container weighs approximately 68 kilograms (150 pounds). When moving a loaded container, use a two-man lift. When cutting the steel bands, wear eye protection and gloves. Failure to comply with this warning may result in injury. a. Inspect exterior of container for dents, cracks, or other severe damage. If container is damaged, it could indicate further damage to weapons inside. b. Inspect container markings as prescribed in Figure 3-2 and Table 3-1 (SRAW Predator) and Table 3-2 (SRAW MPV). If markings are missing or illegible, report condition to Ammunition Supply Point (ASP). c. Remove seals from container.

3-3

TM 10687A-OR/C d. Break metal banding using tin snips or a claw hammer (a K-bar knife or E-tool may be used when in field conditions). e. Lift and remove top outer shell half (1, Figure 3-1). f. Cut steel bands securing top and bottom inner shell halves.

g. Lift and remove top inner shell half (2).

3-4

TM 10687A-OR/C
1 2 3 2

4 7 6 5

Figure 3-2. SRAW Container Labels and Markings.

3-5

TM 10687A-OR/C NOTE Callouts 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are identical on opposite of side shown in Figure 3-2. Table 3-1. SRAW Predator Container Labels and Markings Marking Number Marking

ROCKETS UN 0181
1 u n

1.2E 4H2/Y63.2/S/YY USA/M5168

2

DODIC: PL61

3-6

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-1. SRAW Predator Container Labels and Markings – Continued. Marking Number 3 4 5 6 Marking LOT NO. SERNO XXXXXXX SERNO XXXXXXX FORWARD or AFT Bar Code SRAW TACTICAL WEAPON 7044884-XXX LOT NO. XXXXXXX NSN: 1427-01-460-0210 QTY 2 EACH WT 150 LBS 2-MAN LIFT

7

3-7

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-2. SRAW MPV Container Labels and Markings Marking Marking

ROCKETS UN 0181
1 u n

1.1E 4H2/Y63.2/S/YY USA/M5168

2

DODIC: PM78

3-8

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-2. SRAW MPV Container Labels and Markings – Continued. Marking Number 3 4 5 6 Marking LOT NO. SERNO XXXXXXX SERNO XXXXXXX FORWARD or AFT Bar Code SRAW TACTICAL WEAPON 704705-XXX LOT NO. XXXXXXX NSN: 1427-01-521-4379 QTY 2 EACH WT 150 LBS 2-MAN LIFT

7

3-9

TM 10687A-OR/C h. Check serial numbers on container (see Table 3-1 and Table 3-2, Item 3) to see they match serial numbers on barrier bags. If they do not match, report condition to ASP. i. Inspect barrier bags. Bags should be sealed. Cuts or breaks in bags may indicate moisture intrusion and possible damage to weapons inside. If bags are not sealed, report condition to ASP.

NOTE If desired, the weapons can remain in the barrier bags until the tactical situation calls for their removal. If left in the bags, the weapons should be lashed to the top of the gunner’s backpack for individual transportation. j. Open barrier bags by cutting with a sharp knife.

3-10

TM 10687A-OR/C k. Locate and remove two desiccant bags from each barrier bag. Dispose in accordance with standard operating procedures.

l.

Remove weapons and inspect according to Paragraph 33.

NOTE Once the weapon has been removed from the shipping container, repack the diffuser and the top and bottom inner shell halves into the shipping container in the condition in which they were received. This is necessary to ensure the shipping container can be used to repackage and ship unexpended weapons, if required.

3-11

TM 10687A-OR/C Section II. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES (PMCS) 3.2 GENERAL Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS) include inspecting, cleaning, and taking care of the SRAW to keep it fully mission capable. 3.3 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES TABLE Table 3-3 lists procedures used to ensure the weapon is mission capable. Perform PMCS when the weapon is removed from its container at issue and when preparing for tactical situations. A description of the PMCS table is as follows: • Item defines checks and services in the order they should be performed. • Name identifies the part of the weapon to be inspected.

3-12

TM 10687A-OR/C • Procedure provides the steps to follow in order to complete the inspection. • Action Required identifies actions taken if substandard conditions are found. If weapon is rejected, notify immediate supervisor and/or range safety personnel who, in turn, will contact Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) personnel for weapon disposal.

Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

1

Battery Activate Indicator Launcher

Observe that window is green. Tilt launcher up and down. Listen for loose internal components. Inspect for dents, holes, cracks, or gouges.

If window is not green, reject weapon. If components are loose inside the launcher, reject weapon. If dents, holes, cracks, or gouges are present, reject weapon.

2

3

Launch Tube

3-13

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

4

Forward Shock Isolator

Inspect for damaged or missing isolator.

If damage is minor, accept weapon for use. If isolator is missing, or if damage is severe enough that protection of launcher components is not possible, reject weapon. If damage to forward closure is minor, accept weapon. If damage is severe enough to expose interior to environment, or if forward closure is missing, reject weapon. If objects have collected between forward closure and isolator, clean according to Chapter 3, Section III.

5

Forward Closure

Inspect for damaged or missing closure.

Inspect for foreign objects between closure and shock isolator.

3-14

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

NOTE Changes in environmental conditions (i.e., altitude and temperature) may cause the forward closure to become slightly loose. This condition is normal and will not affect the performance of the weapon. 6 Night Sight Mounting Rail Trigger Housing Remove night sight mounting rail cover and inspect rail for damage. Inspect for damage to fire bar cover and battery activate plunger. Inspect usability of strap. If rail is damaged, nighttime firing performance may be degraded. If fire bar cover and/or battery activate plunger is missing, or severely damaged, reject weapon. If strap is not usable, seek alternate method of securing day sight in stowed position.

7

8

Day Sight Strap

3-15

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

9

Day Sight

Check for damaged or missing day sight.

If day sight is damaged or missing, reject weapon.

Release day sight strap, rotate day sight to first detent, and open lens cover. View through day sight and observe lenses for cleanliness and condition of reticle. Inspect eyecup.

If day sight will not rotate, reject weapon.

Clean lenses (Paragraph 3.5d). If reticle is distorted or missing, reject weapon.

If eyecup is missing or damaged, reject weapon or use caution when firing. If sling is not usable or quick-disconnects do not properly lock, replace sling or seek alternate method of carry.

10

Sling

Inspect usability of sling.

3-16

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

11

Carrying Handle

Inspect handle and fasteners.

If handle is broken or fasteners are missing, reject weapon or seek alternate method of carry. If shoulder stop is severely damaged or missing, reject weapon or seek alternate method of stabilizing weapon while firing. If labels or markings are missing or illegible, report condition to ASP.

12

Shoulder Stop

Inspect for damaged or missing shoulder stop.

13

Labels/ Markings

Inspect for missing or illegible labels and markings as prescribed in Paragraph 3.4.

3-17

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-3. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Item Name Procedure Action Required:

14

Aft Shock Isolator

Inspect for damaged or missing isolator.

If damage is minor, accept weapon for use. If isolator is missing, or if damage is severe enough that protection of launcher components is not possible, reject weapon. If damage to aft closure is minor, accept weapon. If damage is severe enough to expose interior to environment, or if aft closure is missing, reject weapon. If objects have collected between aft closure and aft isolator, clean according to Chapter 3, Section III.

15

Aft Closure

Inspect for damaged or missing closure.

Inspect for foreign objects between closure and shock isolator.

3-18

TM 10687A-OR/C 3.4 SRAW LABELS AND MARKINGS Table 3-4 lists the labels and markings that should be visible on the SRAW. Refer to Figures 3-3 and 3-4 for locations of labels and markings.

3-19

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-4. SRAW Labels and Markings Figure # 3-3 Callout 1 Label or Marking WARNING
BACKBLAST AREA

60°

25m 3-3 2

3-20

TM 10687A-OR/C

Table 3-4. SRAW Labels and Markings – Continued. Figure # 3-3 Callout 3 Label or Marking WARNING HEARING PROTECTION REQUIRED T H I S E N D U P 3-21 FIRE DIRECTION

3-3

4

TM 10687A-OR/C Table 3-4. SRAW Labels and Markings – Continued. Figure # 3-4 Callout 5 (SRAW Predator) Label or Marking
(WEAPON IDENTIFICATION PLATE) SHORT RANGE ASSAULT WEAPON MARK 40 MOD 0 ANTI-TANK SPECIFICATION NO. XXXXXXX PART NO. XXXXXXX NSN 1427-01-460-0210 SER NO. TCL XXXXXXX CONTRACT XXXXXX-XX-X-XXXX MFR: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CAGE: XXXXX LOT NO. XXXXXX DATE MFD: XXXXXXX DODIC: PL61 NIIN: 014600210 (WEAPON IDENTIFICATION PLATE) SHORT RANGE ASSAULT WEAPON MARK 41 MOD 0 SPECIFICATION NO. XXXXXXX PART NO. XXXXXXX NSN 1427-01-521-4379 SER NO. TCL XXXXXXX CONTRACT XXXXXX-XX-X-XXXX MFR: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CAGE: XXXXX LOT NO. XXXXXX DATE MFD: XXXXXXX DODIC: PM78 NIIN: 015214379

3-4

5 (SRAW MPV)

3-22

TM 10687A-OR/C

1 3 4

2

Figure 3-3. SRAW Labels and Markings – Left Side. 3-23

TM 10687A-OR/C

5

Figure 3-4. SRAW Labels and Markings – Right Side.

3-24

TM 10687A-OR/C Section III. CLEANING AND DEICING THE WEAPON 3.5 CLEANING Maintenance of the SRAW includes keeping it clean. These procedures address cleaning dirt and/or mud from the weapon. Refer to Paragraph 3.6 for instructions on removing ice from the weapon. Special attention should be given to the trigger housing assembly, forward and aft closures, day sight, and night sight mounting rail. Cleaning materials needed are listed here and in Appendix B.

Rod, Cleaning, Small Arms Cleaning Cloth Lens Cleaning Kit

Brush, Cleaning, Small Arms Lens Brush

3-25

TM 10687A-OR/C a. Cleaning the Launch Tube. Clean launch tube as follows: CAUTION SRAW components may be damaged when using the cleaning rod. The gunner must take care not to damage any components. Failure to comply may result in damage to the weapon. NOTE Water may be used to soften mud for easier removal. (1) Using hand or cleaning cloth, remove wet mud from launch tube. (2) If mud is dry and hard, scrape away as much as possible by hand or by using cleaning rod. (3) Wipe launch tube as clean as possible with a damp cloth. (4) Dry launch tube with a clean, dry cloth. 3-26

TM 10687A-OR/C

b. Cleaning the Trigger Housing Assembly. Clean trigger housing assembly as follows: CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during cleaning. The gunner must not lift the fire bar cover while cleaning. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. NOTE Water may be used to soften mud for easier removal. (1) Using hand or cleaning cloth, remove wet mud from trigger housing assembly. (2) Using cleaning brush and water, remove dried mud or dirt from trigger housing assembly. Ensure there is no dirt or mud around battery activate plunger, fire bar edges, or hinge of fire bar cover. 3-27

TM 10687A-OR/C (3) Using cleaning cloth, wipe dirt or mud from battery activate indicator window. c. Cleaning the Forward and Aft Closures

CAUTION SRAW closures may be damaged during cleaning if care is not taken. If either closure is damaged to the point where the interior of the weapon is exposed to the elements, or if either closure falls off during cleaning, the weapon must be removed from service. NOTE Water may be used to soften mud for easier removal. (1) Gently remove wet mud from around closures where they meet the shock isolators by using fingers or cleaning rod.

3-28

TM 10687A-OR/C (2) If mud has caked on the closures, gently remove as much as possible with hands. Using cleaning brush and water, gently remove mud and dirt from around the closures where they meet the shock isolators. d. Cleaning the Day Sight CAUTION The day sight lenses may be damaged during cleaning if care is not taken. Failure to comply with this caution may hinder the weapon’s performance. NOTE Water may be used to soften mud for easier removal. (1) Release day sight strap and rotate day sight to first detent (approximately 10:00 o’clock with carrying handle straight up). 3-29

TM 10687A-OR/C (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) 3-30 Remove eyecup by turning counterclockwise. Using damp cleaning cloth, clean eyecup. Using cleaning brush and water, clean eyecup threads. Using lens cleaning kit, clean dirt from eyecup lens. Using lens cleaning kit, gently clean eyecup lens. Install eyecup by turning clockwise. Using damp cleaning cloth, remove mud and dirt from day sight strap. Secure day sight in stowed position. Open lens cover. Using damp cleaning cloth and/or cleaning brush and water, clean lens cover. Using lens brush, clean dirt from forward lens. Using lens cleaning kit, gently clean forward lens. Close lens cover.

TM 10687A-OR/C e. Cleaning the Night Sight Mounting Rail

NOTE Water may be used to soften mud for easier removal. (1) Using cleaning cloth or hands, remove wet mud from night sight mounting rail cover. (2) Turn rail cover thumbscrew counterclockwise and remove rail cover. (3) Using hands or cleaning rod, remove wet mud from night sight mounting rail. (4) Using cleaning brush and water, clean night sight mounting rail. (5) Using cleaning brush and water, clean rail cover. (6) Install rail cover and secure by turning rail cover thumbscrew clockwise.

3-31

TM 10687A-OR/C 3.6 PRECONDITIONING FOR ICING WEATHER AND DEICING THE WEAPON. These procedures provide instructions for preconditioning the weapon against ice buildup and for removing ice from the weapon. Special attention should be given to the trigger housing assembly, forward and aft closures, day sight, and night sight mounting rail. Preconditioning and deicing materials needed are listed here and in Appendix B. Cleaning Lubricating Preservative (CLP) Lubricant, Arctic Weather (LAW) Deicer – Defroster Fluid Cleaning cloth or M16A2 rifle cleaning patches

3-32

TM 10687A-OR/C a. Preconditioning the Weapon for Icing Conditions (1) Remove rail cover by turning thumbscrew counterclockwise. WARNING CLP and LAW are flammable and toxic to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Skin, eye, and breathing protection are required. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact. Keep away from open flames or other sources of ignition. NOTE In temperatures below -18°C (0°F), LAW should be substituted for CLP. (2) (3) (4) Apply CLP to night sight mounting rail. Apply CLP to rail cover thumbscrew. Release day sight strap and rotate day sight to first detent (approximately 10:00 o’clock with carrying handle straight up). 3-33

TM 10687A-OR/C (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) Apply CLP at day sight swivel point. Secure day sight in stowed position. Apply CLP to lens cover hinge. Apply CLP to gap between forward shock isolator and forward closure. Apply CLP to gap between aft shock isolator and aft closure.

(10) Remove excess CLP from all areas. (11) Install rail cover and secure by turning rail cover thumbscrew clockwise.

3-34

TM 10687A-OR/C CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during preconditioning. The gunner must not lift the fire bar cover while preconditioning. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. (12) Apply CLP to fire bar cover hinge. (13) Apply CLP to battery activate plunger. (14) Apply CLP to both springs of carrying handle. (15) Remove excess CLP from all areas. (16) Place a cleaning patch in day sight eyecup to prevent ice buildup.

3-35

TM 10687A-OR/C b. Deicing the Weapon WARNING Deicer – Defroster Fluid is flammable and toxic to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Skin, eye, and breathing protection are required. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact. Keep away from open flames or other sources of ignition. CAUTION Accidental battery activation may occur if the fire bar cover is lifted during deicing. The gunner must not lift the fire bar cover while deicing. Failure to comply with this caution may render the weapon unusable. NOTE If available, a warming tent should be used to melt ice.

3-36

TM 10687A-OR/C (1) Apply deicer – defroster fluid to all areas coated with ice. Pay special attention to forward and aft closures, trigger housing assembly, telescope assembly, and rail cover thumbscrew. (2) After allowing deicer – defroster fluid to penetrate for approximately 5 minutes, remove large pieces of ice by hand. (3) Clean and dry all areas with cleaning cloth or patches. (4) Precondition weapon as prescribed in Paragraph 3.6a. 3.7 CLEANING THE AN/PVS-17C NIGHT SIGHT Clean the night sight in accordance with TM 10796-OR/1.

3-37

TM 10687A-OR/C

APPENDIX A
REFERENCES

MCWP 3-37.3 TM 10796-OR/1

NBC Decontamination Operator’s and Maintenance Manual for AN/PVS-17B and AN/PVS-17C Miniature Night Sight (MNS) Intermediate Maintenance Manual Including Repair Parts and Special Tools for AN/PVS-17B and AN/PVS-17C Miniature Night Sight (MNS) Ground Equipment Record Procedures

TM 10796-IN/1

TM 4700-15/1H

A-1/(A-2 blank)

TM 10687A-OR/C

APPENDIX B
EXPENDABLE MATERIALS Item no. 1 2 3 Stock Number 6850-01-448-9653 1005-00-494-6602 7920-00-205-1427 Item Identification Kit, Lens Cleaning Brush, Cleaning, Small Arms Brush, Dusting, Lens and Photographic Negative, 1-inch bristle length. Cleaning Lubricant Preservative (CLP), MIL-L-63460 Deicer – Defroster Fluid, O-D-190 Unit of Measure EA EA EA Qty 1 1 1

4

9150-01-102-1473

BT

1

5

6850-00-835-0484

CN

1

B-1

TM 10687A-OR/C

EXPENDABLE MATERIALS – Continued. Item no. 6 Stock Number 9150-00-292-9689 Item Identification Lubricant, Arctic Weather (LAW), MILL-14107C-AM.2 Rag, Wiping Cotton, 50 lb bundle A-A-531 (Cleaning Cloth) Rod, Cleaning, Small Arms Unit of Measure QT Qty 1

7

7920-00-205-1711

BE

AR

8

1005-00-052-9535

EA

1

B-2