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CURSO: HIDRULICA BSICA

R E X R O T H

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Programa do curso

1) Fundamentos B
Bsicos da Mecnica dos fluidos
2) No
Noes b
bsicas do funcionamento hidr
hidrulico
3) Flu
Fludos hidr
hidrulicos
4) Bombas e motores hidr
hidrulicos
Material didtico
5) Atuadores Hidr
Hidrulicos
6) V
Vlvulas direcionais e controle
7) Acumuladores

8) Dimensionamento e inicia
iniciao a projetos hidr
hidrulicos

9) Sistemas de filtragem e acess


acessrios

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Aplicao Industrial

SIMULADORES

UNIDADES HIDRAULICAS

VASTO CAMPO DE APLICAO

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Aplicao Mbil

MOVIMENTAO CARGA

TERRAPLANAGEM

TRANSPORTE PESADO

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Parte 1: pgina 18
Formas de transmisso de Energia

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Parte 1 : Forma de transmisso de energia
hidrulica

Energia
Eltrica
Vlvulas de
controle

Motores

Bomba Atuadores
hidr
hidrulica

Energia Mecnica
Forma Linear
Flanges Forma Rotacional
Acoplamentos

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Parte 1 : pgina 20
Analogias

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Parte 1 : pgina 20
Fsica: Fora, Presso e Trabalho.

F = fora g = 9,81 m/s2 (acelerao da gravidade)


For
Fora
M = massa Fg = 1Kg . 9,81 m/s2 = 9,81kgm/s2 = 1 Newton

F = M. a a = acelerao 1 kgf = 10 N

P = presso ( bar )
Presso
F = fora ( Kgf )
F
P=
A
A = rea ( cm2 ) IMPORTANTE
1 kgf/cm2 = 1 bar = 1 atm

W = Trabalho ( J )
Trabalho
F = fora ( N )
s = distancia (m )
W = F. s

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Parte 1 : pgina 20
Fsica: Energia, Potncia, Velocidade e Acelerao.

Ep = energia potencial
Energia
m = massa
potencial
g = acelerao da gravidade
Ep = m.g. h
h = altura potencial V = Velocidade ( m/s )
Velocidade
s = distancia ( m )
s
V= t = tempo (s )
t

Energia Ek = energia cintica


Cin
Cintica
m = massa
m.v2
Ek = v = velocidade
2
a = acelerao ( m/s2 )
Acelera
Acelerao
V = velocidade ( m/s )
V
P = potncia ( watt ) a = t = tempo (s )
Potncia t
W = Trabalho ( J )
W
P= t = tempo (s )
t
1W = 1 J / s

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Parte 1 : pgina 21
Indicaes de presses segundo DIN 24312

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Parte 1
O paradoxo hidrosttico

A1=A2=A3

F1 = F2 = F3

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Parte 1 : pgina 22 ( Hidrosttica )
Lei de Pascal

O efeito de uma fora sobre o liquido em


repouso se propaga em todas as
direes dentro deste liquido.

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Parte 1 : pgina 22 ( Hidrosttica )
Multiplicao de foras (vasos comunicantes)

 Lquido em repouso  Presses so iguais  O volume de lquido


P1 = P2 deslocado igual
V1 = V2

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Parte 1 : pgina 26
Principio de uma instalao hidrulica ( macaco )

PEQUENA
FOR
FORA
GRANDE
FOR
FORA

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Parte 1 : pgina 23 (Hidrosttica)
Multiplicao de presso

ENTRADA SA
SADA

 Foras Constante  Deslocamento Constante


F1 = F2 h1 = h2

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Parte 1 : pgina 23 ( Hidrodinmica )
Leis da Vazo

Volume

Vol = A . s

Vazo
Vol
Q=
t
Velocidade

A .s
Q=
t Vazo

Q= A.V

Q = vazo (l/min ) A = rea (cm2) A1 v2


Q1 = Q2 =
Vol. = volume ( litros ) s = espao (cm) A2 v1
t = tempo ( min ) V = velocidade (cm/s)
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Parte 1 : pgina 24
Conservao da energia - Principio de Venturi

Energia de movimento
P v 2
g.h + + = constante
pe 2

g = acelerao da gravidade
h = altura manomtrica
P = presso
v = velocidade
pe = peso especifico

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Parte 1 : pgina 24
Perda por atrito e presso

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Parte 1 : pgina 25
Tipos de Vazo: Fluxo laminar x Fluxo turbulento

Numero de Reynolds (Re) v = velocidade

v . dh dh = dimetro hidrulico
FLUXO LAMINAR Re =
n n = viscosidade cinemtica
Re < 2300 = laminar

FLUXO TURBULENTO

Re > 2300 = turbulento

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Parte 1 : pgina 26
Converso de energia em uma inst. hidrulica

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Parte 1 : pgina 26
Montagem de uma instalao hidrulica simples

Acionamento b
bsico de um atuador hidr
hidrulico
Com reten
reteno anti-
anti-retorno
Com controle de presso

Com controle direcional

Com controle de velocidade

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Parte 1 : pgina 31
Representao de circuitos hidrulicos

1. Bomba de engrenagens
2. Reservat
Reservatrio
3. Reten
Reteno
4. Vlvula de alivio ou seguran
segurana
5. Atuador linear ( cilindro )
6. Vlvula direcional
7. Vlvula controle de fluxo

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Parte 3: pgina 41
Fluidos hidrulicos de presso - Funes

 Atuar como um meio de transmisso de energia;


 lubrificar as partes internas dos componentes;
 atuar como um meio trocador de calor;
 preencher a folga entre os componentes mveis.

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Parte 3: pgina 47
Viso Geral dos fluidos de presso- DIN 51524 / 25

 Fluido hidrulico
 HL - proteo anticorrosiva, resistncia ao envelhecimento;p/
equipamentos que possuem elevados esforos trmicos e
problemas de entrada de gua no sistema.
 HLP - grande resistncia ao desgaste; sujeitos maiores
esforos de presso.
 HV - fluidos onde a interferncia sobre a viscosidade
mnima; para equipamentos onde h oscilaes considerveis
de temperatura.

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Parte 3: pgina 47
Viso Geral dos fluidos de presso - DIN 51524 / 25

 Fluido hidrulico resistente ao fogo.

 HFA - 80 a 90% de gua; VDMA 24320


 HFB - 40% de gua; VDMA 24317
 HFC - soluo guaglicol 35 a 55% de gua; VDMA 24317
 HFD - fluido anidro (ster-fosfato sem a presena de gua.
VDMA 24317.

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Parte 3 : pgina 41
Campos de utilizao e fluidos apropriados

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Parte 3 : pgina 42
Requisitos dos fluidos hidrulicos

VISCOSIDADE

1. HLP = leo mineral classifica


classificao DIN 51524
2. Padronizado em 40 C
3. Cuidado com a varia
variao de Temp. ambiente

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Parte 3 : pginas 43 44 45 46
Requisitos dos fluidos hidrulicos

 Avaliar presso de trabalho acima de 200 bar, com 400 bar a viscosidade
viscosidade dobrada
 Avaliar a compatibilidade de materiais leo x equipamentos
 Estabilidade ao cisalhamento
 Resistncia contra a solicita
solicitao t
trmica
 Resistncia a solicita
solicitao Oxidante
 Baixa taxa de compressibilidade ( 0,7 a 0,8% a cada 100 bar
bar )
 Baixa expanso por temperatura
 Baixa forma
formao de espuma
 Baixa absor
absoro de ar e boa elimina
eliminao de ar
 Alto ponto de ebuli
ebulio e baixa presso do vapor
 Alta densidade ( 0,86 a 0,9 g/cm3)
 Boa condutibilidade t
trmica
 Boa caracter
caracterstica Diel
Dieltrica ( no conduzir corrente el
eltrica )
 No Higrosc
Higroscpico ( no atrair umidade )

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Parte 3 : pginas 43 44 45 46
Requisitos dos fluidos hidrulicos

 De dif
difcil igni
ignio ( No inflam
inflamvel )
 No T
Txico
 Boa prote
proteo contra corroso
 Nenhuma forma
formao de substancias pegajosas
 Boa Filtrabilidade
 Compatibilidade de mudan
mudana dos fluidos
 Forma
Formao de lama ( no sedimentar-
sedimentar-se )
 Defesa ao Meio Ambiente
 Custos e disponibilidade no mercado

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Parte 3: pgina 48
Exemplo para seleo de componentes hidrulicos

Uma ponte rolante num galpo deve ser equipada com um acionamento hidrosttico de
translao e um guincho hidrulico. Para carregar caminhes a ponte precisa sair ao ar
livre. O guincho no opera em regime contnuo.
Para este caso de aplicao deve-se calcular com as seguintes temperaturas:
Temperatura de ambiente: -10C a +40C
Temperatura do fluido de presso: 0C a +60C

Dos estoques existentes de fluidos hidrulicos deve ser utilizado um fluido de presso
com o cdigo ISO VG 32.
Para um fluido de presso VG32 e para a temperatura mxima deste fluido, pode-se
verificar a seguinte viscosidade:

VG 32: com 0C = 300 mm2/s


VG 32: com +60C = 15 mm2/s

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Parte 3 : pgina 49
Exemplo para seleo de componentes hidrulicos

Componentes Temperatura admissvel Viscosidade admissvel Avaliao da


do fluido hidrulico do fluido hidrulico possibilidade de
em C em mm2/s aplicao

Bombas de engrenagem -15 a +80 10 a 300 Limites de aplicao


correspondem as
exigncias
Bombas de palhetas -10 a +70 16 a 160 - Faixa de temperatura
(varivel) seria suficiente
- Faixa de viscosidade
insuficiente
Por conseguinte no se
deve usar bomba de
palhetas
Bombas de pistes axiais -25 a +90 10 a 1000 Limites de aplicao so
(varivel) superiores as
exigncias
Vlvulas de reteno -30 a +80 2,8 a 500 Limites de aplicao so
superiores as
exigncias
Vlvulas direcionais -30 a +80 2,8 a 500 Limites de aplicao so
superiores as
exigncias
Vlvulas limitadoras de -30 a +80 10 a 800 Limites de aplicao so
presso superiores as
exigncias

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Parte 4 : pgina 53
Bombas hidrulicas viso geral

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Parte 4 : pgina 54
Bombas de engrenagens ( engrenamento externo )

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Parte 4 : pgina 55
Bombas de engrenagens ( engrenamento externo)

 Deslocamento: 0,2 a 200 cm3


Presso mxima: at 300 bar
Faixa de rotao: 500 a 6000 rpm

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Parte 4 : pgina 55
Bombas de engrenagens ( engrenamento interno )

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Parte 4 : pgina 57
Bombas de engrenagens ( engrenamento interno )

 Deslocamento: 3 a 250 cm3

Presso mxima: at 300 bar


Faixa de rotao: 500 a 3000 rpm

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Parte 4 : pgina 56
Bombas de pistes radiais

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Parte 4 : pgina 57
Bombas de pistes radiais com apoio interno

 Deslocamento: 0,5 a 100 cm3


Presso mxima: at 700 bar
Faixa de rotao: 1000 a 3000 rpm

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Parte 4 : pgina 57
Bombas de pistes radiais: fases do bombeamento

Ponto morto - superior Suc


Suco Ponto morto - inferior Presso

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Parte 4 : pgina 58- 59
Bombas de palhetas

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Parte 4 : pgina 59
Bombas de palhetas principio de funcionamento

 Deslocamento: 18 a 193 cm3


Presso mxima: at 210 bar
Faixa de rotao: 900 a 1800 rpm

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Parte 4 : pgina 59
Bombas de palhetas principio de funcionamento

Suc
Suco

Suc
Suco
Presso

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Parte 4 : pgina 60
Fora de compresso das palhetas

For
Fora de apoio da palheta For
Fora de apoio da palheta
Palheta simples Palheta dupla

Para bombas acima


de 150 bar, foi feito
um chanfro lateral
para no romper o
filme de leo

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Parte 4 : pgina 60
Bombas de palhetas de vazo varivel

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Parte 4 : pgina 60
Bombas de palhetas de vazo varivel

 Deslocamento: 05 a 100 cm3


Presso mxima: at 100 bar
Faixa de rotao: 1000 a 2000 rpm

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Parte 4 : pgina 61
Bombas de palhetas varivel ao direta

1. Ajuste de vazo mxima


2. Oscilao do anel rudo
3. Ajuste de presso mxima

dreno

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Parte 4 : pgina 62
Bombas de palhetas varivel classificao

Diretamente operada Pr-comandada

For
Fora de mola For
Fora hidr
hidrulica

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Parte 4 : pgina 63
Bombas de palhetas varivel regulador de presso

Vlvula controle de presso


ou
Regulador de presso
ou
Compensador

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Parte 4 : pagina 101
Bombas de palhetas de vazo varivel grficos

Ajuste de presso m
mxima Ajuste de vazo m
mxima

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Parte 4 : pgina 64
Bombas de palhetas varivel regulador vazo

Ajuste de vazo
e presso
Load-
Load-sense

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Parte 4 : pgina 101
Bombas de palhetas varivel grficos

Ajuste de presso m
mxima Ajuste de vazo m
mxima Ajuste de vazo
e presso
Load-
Load-sense

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Parte 4 : pgina 54
Bombas de parafuso helicoidal

Principais caracter
caractersticas:
 Baixo n
nvel de ru
rudo
 Altas vazes

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Parte 4 : pgina 54
Bombas hidrulicas critrios de seleo

1. Muito bom / Muito grande


2. Bom / grande
3. Mdio
4. Pequeno

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Parte 5 : pgina 68
Motores de engrenagem

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Parte 5 : pgina 68
Motores de engrenagem

 Deslocamento: 01 a 200 cm3


Presso mxima: at 300 bar
Faixa de rotao: 500 a 10.000 rpm

Principal diferen
diferena = dreno externo

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Parte 5 : pgina 69
Motores de BRAT Alto torque x baixa rotao

Princpio de roda planetria com eixo central

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Parte 5 : pgina 72
Motores de BRAT Alto torque x baixa rotao

Princpio de roda planetria com eixo central

carcaa Placa de comando

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Parte 5 : pgina 71
Motores de pistes axiais

Princpio de curso mltiplo com carcaa giratria

Acoplado diretamente na roda


Uso m
mbil

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Parte 5 : pgina 73
Motores de pistes radiais

Princpio de curso mltiplo

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Parte 5 : pgina 74
Motores de pistes radiais com apoio interno

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Parte 5 : pgina 75
Motores de pistes radiais - corte

Princpio de curso mltiplo - com apoio interno

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Parte 5 : pgina 75
Motores de pistes radiais - funcionamento

Princpio de curso mltiplo - com apoio interno

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Parte 6 : pgina 87
Unidades de pistes axiais

Princpio do eixo inclinado

Vazo fixa

Vazo varivel

Princpio do disco inclinado

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Parte 6 : pgina 79
Circuito aberto e Circuito fechado

Circuito aberto Circuito fechado

Normalmente aplicado na Normalmente aplicado na


industria mbil

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Parte 6 : pgina 81
Unidades de pistes axiais - vazo fixa

1-eixo de acionamento
2-pistes cnicos
3-cilindro
4-placa de
comando(constante)
5-fendas de comando
6-placa de comando
(varivel)
7-posio 0
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Parte 6 : pgina 84
Unidades de pistes axiais - vazo fixa

Decomposio de foras no flange de acionamento

Motor

M1 - torque
FL- fora de apoio
FH - fora dos pistes

M2 torque
Bomba FL- fora de apoio
FH fora dos pistes

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Parte 6 : pgina 85
Unidades de pistes axiais - vazo fixa e varivel

Tipos de construtivos

Utilizar sempre o dreno SUPERIOR


para manter a bomba sempre cheia
de leo VARI
VARIVEL
FIXA

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Parte 6 : pgina 85 86
Bombas e motores de pistes axiais - simbologia

Motor constante para circuito aberto e fechado,


ngulo de basculamento fixo, rotao de sada possvel
nos dois sentidos.

Motor varivel para circuito aberto e fechado, com


Basculamento unilateral, ngulo de basculamento
Varivel sem escala, rotao de sada possvel
nos dois sentidos

Bomba varivel para circuito aberto, com basculamento


unilateral varivel, rotao de acionamento somente em um
sentido.

Bomba varivel para circuito fechado, com basculamento nos


dois sentidos, ngulo de basculamento varivel sem escala
atravs do ponto zero, rotao de acionamento possvel nos
dois sentidos.

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Parte 6 : pgina 86
Unidades de pistes axiais - vazo varivel

Princpio do disco inclinado

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Parte 6 : pgina 86
Bombas de pistes axiais - vazo varivel

Princpio do disco inclinado

h = altura da cilindrada

Suco

Presso

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Parte 6 : pgina 98
Bombas e motores de pistes axiais

Decomposio de foras no disco inclinado

Bomba Motor

M1 - torque M2 torque
FL- fora de apoio FL- fora de apoio
FH - fora dos pistes FH fora dos pistes

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Parte 6 : pgina 90
Motores de pistes axiais

Foras do conjunto rotativo

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Parte 6 : pgina 90
Bomba de pistes axiais - Circuito fechado

Bomba para circuito fechado Circuito


fechado

Normalmente aplicado
na m
mbil

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Parte 6 : pgina 90
Bomba de pistes axiais - Circuito aberto

Bomba para circuito aberto Circuito


aberto

Normalmente aplicado
na industria

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Parte 6 : pgina 91
Unidades de pistes axiais - simbologia

Bomba varivel para circuito fechado, basculante para


os dois lados. ngulo de basculamento varivel
progressivamente passando pela posio zero.
Rotao de acionamento possvel nos dois
sentidos.Execuo em tandem mediante montagem de
uma segunda bomba na sada do eixo passante.

Bomba varivel para circuito aberto, fechado ou semi-


fechado. ngulo de basculamento varivel
progressivamente. Sentido de rotao de acionamento
e sentido do fluxo, conforme circuito, possvel para um
lado ou para os dois lados.Montagem de bombas
auxiliares na sada do eixo passante.

Motor constante para circuito aberto ou fechado.


ngulo de basculamento fixo. Sentido de rotao de
sada possvel para os dois lados.Possibilidade de eixo
passante para a montagem de freio.

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Parte 6 : pgina 91
Unidades de pistes axiais - simbologia

Bomba varivel para circuito aberto, basculante para


um s lado. ngulo de basculamento ajustvel
progressivamente. Sentido de rotao de acionamento
possvel para um s lado.

Bomba varivel para circuito aberto, basculante para


um s lado. ngulo de basculamento ajustvel
progressivamente. Sentido de rotao de acionamento
possvel para um s lado.Com bomba carregadora
montada no eixo passante.

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Parte 6 : pgina 91
Unidades de pistes axiais - simbologia

Maquina hidr
hidrulica Bomba hidr
hidrulica
Bi-
Bi-direcional Unidirecional

A, B Conexes de presso S Conexo de suco


T, R, L Conexes de dreno U Conexo de lavagem

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Parte 6 : pgina 93
Motor de pistes axiais ( circuito fechado )

Princpio do eixo inclinado

Dispositivo de variao automtico


Em funo da presso

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Parte 6 : pgina 94
Bomba de pistes axiais ( circuito aberto )

Regulador de potncia e de presso

Smbolo para bomba varivel


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Parte 6 : pgina 96
Bomba varivel dupla de pistes axiais

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Parte 6 : pgina 96
Bomba varivel de pistes axiais - disco inclinado

Bomba A10VSO

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Parte 6 : Bomba A10VSO
Bomba varivel de pistes axiais - reguladores

Regulador DR Regulador DFR


Ajuste de presso
mnima

Ajuste de presso
mxima

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Parte 6 : Bomba A10VSO
Bomba varivel de pistes axiais - disco inclinado

Eletrnica

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Parte 7 = pgina 105
Cilindros hidrulicos

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Parte 7 = pgina 105
Cilindros hidrulicos simples ao

Cilindro simples efeito Cilindro simples efeito


haste mergulhante SEM tope mecnico haste mergulhante COM tope mecnico

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Cilindros hidrulicos simples ao

Retorno mola

Avan
Avano mola

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Cilindros hidrulicos dupla ao

HASTE SIMPLES

HASTE DUPLA

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Cilindros hidrulicos tandem

Ganho de For
Fora com a mesma presso mas perda de espa
espao

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Cilindros hidrulicos avano rpido

SIMPLES A
AO DUPLA A
AO

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Cilindros hidrulicos telescpico

SIMPLES A
AO DUPLA A
AO

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos construtivos

Construo redonda

tirantes

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipo construtivo com tirantes

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Parte 7 = pgina 112
Cilindros hidrulicos tipo construtivo redondo
montagem c/ flange no cabeote

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipo construtivo redondo

Parafusado e soldado, com olhal articulado no fundo

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Parte 7 = pgina 113
Cilindros hidrulicos tipo construtivo: redondo

Roscado e soldado

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipo construtivo: redondo

Duplamente soldado

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Parte 7 = pgina 119
Cilindros hidrulicos amortecimento

1. Embolo
2. Bucha de
amortecimento
3. Cabe
Cabeote
4. Fluido restringido
5. Canal de
amortecimento
Sa
Sada do
fluido 6. Vlvula de fluxo
7. Cone de
amortecimento
8. Contra porca
9. Vlvula de reten
reteno
10. Sangrador

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos de fixao

tipo construtivo por tirantes- CDT3

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos de fixao

tipo construtivo por tirantes- CDT3

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos de fixao

tipo construtivo por tirantes- CDT3

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos de fixao

tipo construtivo por tirantes- CDT3

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Cilindros hidrulicos tipos de fixao

tipo construtivo redondo - CDH2

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Parte 7 = pgina 118
Cilindros hidrulicos clculo de flambagem

Segundo Euler
d= dimetro da haste (mm)

I = momento de inrcia (mm4)


d 4
I= I = d 4 0,0491
64

2 EI E= mdulo de elasticidade (N/mm2)


F=
LK 2
E = 2,1 x 105 (ao)

Lk= comprimento livre (mm)


depende do tipo de fixao: A,B,C
F em N

= 3,5 coeficiente de segurana

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Parte 7 = catalogo
Cilindros hidrulicos CLCULO DE FLAMBAGEM

Caso de carga segundo Euler

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Parte 7 = pgina 121
Cilindros hidrulicos servocilindro

 CILINDRO DE
MELHOR
PERFORMANCE

 APLICADO EM
SIMULADORES

 ALTAS FREQUNCIAS

 SERVO-
SERVO-VALVULAS
ACOPLADO

 ACUMULADORES
ACOPLADOS

 MENOR ATRITO DE
VEDA
VEDAES

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Parte 7 = pgina 122
Cilindros hidrulicos servocilindro

Sensor de posi
posio

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Parte 8 = pgina 127
Atuadores rotativos forma construtiva - palhetas

PALHETAS

 NGULO MAXIMO 280


280

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Parte 8 = pgina 127
atuadores rotativos forma construtiva - palhetas

PALHETAS DUPLA

 NGULO MAXIMO 170


170

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Parte 8 = pgina 128
atuadores rotativos forma construtiva pisto

PISTO ROTATIVO

 NGULO MAXIMO 720


720

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Parte 8 = pgina 128
atuadores rotativos forma construtiva - pisto

Parte 8 = pgina 137


Cilindros hidrulicos ATUADOR ROTATIVO

PISTES PARALELOS

 NGULO MAXIMO 100


100

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Parte 8 = pgina 128
atuadores rotativos forma construtiva - pisto

BIELA-MANIVELA

 NGULO MAXIMO 180


180

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Parte 8 = pgina 128
atuadores rotativos forma construtiva - pisto

BIELA-MANIVELA

 NGULO MAXIMO 360


360

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Parte 9 = pgina 129
Acumuladores hidrulicos viso geral

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Acumuladores hidrulicos viso geral

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Acumuladores hidrulicos viso geral

Membrana Bexiga Pisto

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Parte 9 = pgina 142
Acumuladores hidrulicos Membrana

ACUMULADOR DE MEMBRANA

 Pequenos volumes 0,075 at


at 2,8 ltrs
 Descart
Descartvel ( para tipo soldado )

 Principais fun
funes:
 Manter presso
 Repor vazamentos
 Absorver golpes de ar
arete

Soldado Roscado

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Parte 9 = pgina 141
Acumuladores hidrulicos bexiga

Vlvula de ACUMULADOR DE BEXIGA


preenchimento
 Volumes de 1 at
at 50 ltrs
 Permite reparo ( troca da bexiga )
Carca
Carcaa em a
ao  Principais fun
funes :
 Somar vazo
 Reserva de energia hidr
hidrulica

Nitrognio  Absorver golpes de ar


arete

Vlvula anti-
anti-extruso  Boa dinmica

Bexiga de borracha

Conexo de entrada
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Parte 9 = pagina 143
Acumuladores hidrulicos bexiga

Reservatrio de NITROGNIO auxiliar


Montagem em paralelo

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Parte 9 = pagina 143
Acumuladores hidrulicos Pisto

ACUMULADOR DE PISTO

 Grandes volumes 5 at
at 80 ltrs

 Principais fun
funes:
 Grandes reservas de leo

 Baixa dinmica

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Parte 9 = pagina 143
Acumuladores hidrulicos Bloco de segurana

Atende as exigncias e as
prescri
prescries de seguran
segurana
conforme DIN 24 552

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Parte 9 = pagina 146
Acumuladores hidrulicos elementos de fixao

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Parte 9 = pagina 131
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Manter de presso

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Parte 9 = pagina 132
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Reduo de tempo
de ciclo

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Parte 9 = pagina 133
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Reduo de tempo
de curso
aumento da vazo

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Parte 9 = pagina 134
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Acionamento de
emergncia

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Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Acionamento de
emergncia para
grande quantidade
de fluido

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Parte 9 = pagina 134
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Frenagem de emergncia Lubrifica


Lubrificao de emergncia

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Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Compensao de
Fora

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Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Compensao de
Vazamentos

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Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Amortecimento de
choques e oscilao

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Parte 9 = pagina 139
Acumuladores hidrulicos- exemplos de aplicao

Molas hidr
hidrulicas Molas hidr
hidrulicas

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Acumuladores hidrulicos Dimensionamento

Estado 1
Po = presso de pr-carga
Vo = volume do acumulador

Estado 2
P1 = presso mnima requerida
V1 = Vo x 0,9 ( 10% menor que Vo)

Estado 3
P2 = presso mxima ( de bomba )
V2 = volume mnimo da bexiga

V = volume de leo para o


sistema

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Acumuladores hidrulicos mudana de estado do gs

Tempo de ciclo < 1 minuto (90%)


ADIABTICO
Parte da energia transformada em
calor e trocada com o ambiente

Tempo de ciclo > 3 minuto (5%)


ISOTRMICO
No h troca de calor com o
ambiente transforma toda a energia
em trabalho

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Parte 9 = pagina 150
Acumuladores hidrulicos frmulas

n = 1,4 para Nitrognio

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Acumuladores hidrulicos consideraes

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Parte 9 = exemplo
Acumuladores hidrulicos clculo do volume

1) Clculo do volume do acumulador ( Vo )

considerando po = 0,9 p1 (acumulo de energia)


Dados:
n = 1,4 nitrognio
P1 = 110 bar
P2 = 140 bar
Po = 0,9 x 110 = 99 bar
V = 4 litros
Acumulo de energia

Vo = 27,39 litros

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Parte 10: apresentao
Vlvulas hidrulicas - apresentao

1. Vlvulas de reteno
2. Vlvulas de direcionais
3. Vlvulas de controle de presso
4. Vlvulas de controle de fluxo
5. Elementos lgicos

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Parte 10: pgina 153
Vlvulas hidrulicas reteno em linha

1. Corpo
2. cone
3. Mola
4. Assento

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Parte 10 : pgina 154
Vlvulas hidrulicas reteno em placa

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Vlvulas hidrulicas reteno em placa

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Vlvulas hidrulicas reteno pilotada em placa

1. cone
2. Assento
3. Mola
4. Carretel piloto

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Parte 10: pgina 157
Vlvulas hidrulicas reteno geminada

1. cone
2. cone
3. Carretel central

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Vlvulas hidrulicas circuito reteno pilotada

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Parte 10 : pgina 158
Vlvulas hidrulicas Preenchimento

1. Prato
descompresso
2. Prato principal
3. Mola
4. Mola
5. Carretel piloto

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Parte 11: apresentao
Vlvulas hidrulicas - direcionais

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Parte 11 : pgina 162
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais Viso Geral

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Parte 16: pgina 270
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais sub-bases DIN 24340

TN 6

TN 16

TN 10

TN 25

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11: pgina 161
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais - Simbologia

a / b = posi
posies
A = p
prtico de sa
sada
P = p
prtico de presso

Vlvula direcional 2/2 vias

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11: pgina 161
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais - Simbologia

0 = posi
posio central
a / b = posi
posies
A = p
prtico de sa
sada
B = p
prtico de sa
sada
P = p
prtico de presso
T = p
prtico de tanque

Vlvula direcional 4/3 vias

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 149
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais Simbologia

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 150
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 :
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais acionamento

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 151
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 184
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais diferena de presso

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 152
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : catlogo
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais diferena de presso

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 153
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 164
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais performance

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 154
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 183
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais capacidade dinmica

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 155
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11: catlogo
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais limite de Comutao

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 156
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 167
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais acionamento eltrico

TN 06

1. Carretel
2. Molas
3. Vlv.
lv. agulha ( controle fluxo)
4. Bobina
5. Conjunto solen
solenide
TN 10

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 157
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 169
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais acionamento Manual

TN 06

TN 10

1. Alavanca
2. Acionador
3. Molas

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 169
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais acionamento por fluidos

Pneumtico

Hidrulico

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11: pgina 170
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas

Completa

1 = V
Vlvula principal (pilotada)

2 = V
Vlvula piloto (TN 06)
Simplificada

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 170
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas

Centralizada por presso

Completa

Simplificada

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 171-172
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais Comparativo

Centrada por mola Centrada por hidr


hidrulica

Normalmente drenado

Normalmente pilotado

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 171-173
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas

Centralizada por molas

Piloto interno

Piloto externo
Piloto interno / externo
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Parte 11: pgina 188
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas

Dreno interno / externo

Dreno interno

Dreno externo

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11: pgina 172
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas(pilot chock)

Ajuste do tempo de comutao

Pilot chocke

Vlvula controle de
fluxo no piloto

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 174
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais pr-operadas

Controle da posio do carretel

Regulagem do curso do
carretel

Indicador visual

Transdutor de Indicador el
eltrico
posi
posio - LVDT

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Parte 11 : pgina 176
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais Rotativa

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 176
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais de assento

TN 06

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 168
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 : pgina 178
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais de assento

( princpio de funcionamento)

P --- A
P --- B

P P

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 11 catlogo
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais de assento ( exemplos)

Vlvula direcional de 4/3 vias


Acionamento eltrico pr-operada

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Parte 11 : catlogo
Vlvulas hidrulicas direcionais de assento (smbolos)

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 171
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : apresentao
Vlvulas hidrulicas controle de presso

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 172
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 185
Vlvulas hidrulicas controle de presso ( viso geral )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 173
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 187
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( princpio )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 174
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 187
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( alivio de ao direta )

AO DIRETA

DBDS6K

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 189
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( alivio de pr-comandado )

PR
PR-COMANDADO

DB

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 189
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso (alivio de pr-comandado)

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 177
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 191
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( alivio com ventagem eletr.)

Com vlvula eltrica

DBW

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 178
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 192
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( curvas caractersticas )

Ao direta

Pr-comandada

Abertura

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 179
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 196
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso (resposta da vlvula)

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 180
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 198
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( seqncia direta )

DIRETA

DZ.D

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 181
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 198
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso (seqncia pr-comandada)

PR
PR-COMANDADO

DZ

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 182
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 200
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( seqncia exemplos)

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 183
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 214-216
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( seqncia simbologia)

AO DIRETA PR
PR-COMANDADAS

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 184
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 202
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( descarga pr-comandada )

PR
PR-COMANDADO

DA

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 185
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 218
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( descarga exemplos )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 186
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 204
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( redutora direta )

DIRETA

DR.D

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 187
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 204
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( Principio)

DIRETA

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 188
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 205
Vlvulas hidrulicas de presso ( redutora pr-operada )

PR
PR-COMANDADO

DR
All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 189
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 13 : apresentao
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 190
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Parte 13 : pgina 211
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( viso geral )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 191
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 13 : pgina 212
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo (princpio)

MAIOR AO DA VISCOSIDADE

MENOR AO DA VISCOSIDADE

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 13 : pgina 212
Vlvulas hidrulicas controle de vazo (tipos de controle )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 193
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 13 : pgina 214
Vlvulas hidrulicas controle de fluxo (grfico )

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 194
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 214
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( em linha )

MK

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 195
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 215
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( em cartucho )

VERK

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 196
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 217
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( em mdulo )

Z2FS

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 197
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 217
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( aplicao )

CONTROLE CONTROLE
METER-IN METER-OUT

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Parte 12 : pgina 217
Vlvulas hidrulicas controle de vazo ( desaceleradora)

All rights reserved by Bosch Rexroth AG, even and especially in cases of proprietary rights applications. 199
We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 219
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( compensada)

Vlvulas reguladoras de vazo com balana de presso

Balana de presso

Principal funo de manter o fluxo


constante independente da presso de
entrada

P1 P2 = CONSTANTE

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 220
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo (compensada)

2FRM

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 12 : pgina 241
Vlvulas hidrulicas de controle de vazo ( aplicao )

Tipos de controle

CONTROLE METER-
METER-IN

CONTROLE DERIVA
DERIVAO

CONTROLE METER-
METER-OUT

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem

Por que devemos controlar o nvel de


contaminao em fluidos hidrulicos ?

Porque de 70 a 80% das avarias que


ocorrem nos equipamentos hidrulicos
so provocadas por contaminantes no
fluido

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem

Quais os prejuzos causados pela contaminao ?

1. Perdas de produ
produo
2. Parada de m
mquina
3. Custo de reposi
reposio de equipamento
4. Custo com compras urgentes
a s
5. Desgaste prematuro dos equipamentos a n
6. Custo com troca de fluido um
h
a s
d
Vi

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem

Quais os tipos de contaminantes ?

Partculas slidas

Lquidos
Gasoso

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Efeito dos contaminantes

Efeito
Tipos de contaminao

Gasosa Lquida Slida

Ar gua extremamente
xido de ferro
Partculas de ferrugem danoso

Ferro
Ao
Lato muito
Bronze danoso
Alumnio

Tecidos duros
Fibras
Desgastes de vedaes
Partculas de borracha pouco
vindas de mangueiras danoso
Partculas de pintura
Produtos de oxidao
do fluido hidrulico

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem comparao de tamanhos de partculas

Quais os tamanhos das partculas ?


75

Cabelo humano
Dimetro em m

30

15

5
1
Filme lubrific. Partculas
de armazenagem finas/grossas

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Parte 14 : pgina 225
Filtragem tamanhos de partculas

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Parte 14 : pgina 228
Filtragem Fontes de contaminao

Quais as fontes de contaminao ?

1. HASTE DE CILINDROS

2. MONTAGEM

3. CONTAMINA
CONTAMINAO INICIAL

4. CONTAMINA
CONTAMINAO INTERNA

5. DESGASTE

6. LEOS NOVOS

7. REPAROS

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Parte 14 : pgina 231
Filtragem Folgas dos componentes

Quais so as folgas ?

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Danos nas folgas internas

Quais so os danos ?

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Reao em cadeia

Uma reao em cadeia

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Danos nas folgas internas

Cavaco de usinagem
Contaminao encravado
como dano conseqente
Partcula estranha na pista do rolamento de
esferas

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Classificao

Como classificar os contaminantes ?

NAS 1638

ISO 4406

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Norma NAS 1638

Quantidade m
mxima de contaminantes a cada
100 ml de fluido

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Norma ISO 4406 - (1999)

ISO-Code Partikelanzahl
Quant. / 100ml
de partculas / 1 ml
(nach
(conf. ISO 4406) von
de bis
at
0 0,5 1
1 1 2
2 2 4 Quantidade m
mxima de contaminantes a cada
3 4 8
4 8 16 1 ml de fluido
5 16 32
6 32 64
7 64 130
8 130 250
9 250 500
10 500 1000
11 1000 2000
12 2000 4000
13 4000 8000
14 8000 16000
15 16000 32000
16 32000 64000
17 64000 130000
18
19
20
130000
260000
500000
260000
500000
1000000
15 / 13 / 10
21 1000000 2000000 >4m >6m >14m
22 2000000 4000000
23 4000000 8000000
24 8000000 16000000
25 16000000 32000000
26 32000000 64000000
27 64000000 130000000
28 130000000 250000000
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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem leo NAS 7 ou ISO 18/16/13

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem fotos microscpicas - diversas classes

leo novo, fornecido em minicontainers

NAS 7 ISO 18/16 /13

leo novo, fornecido em caminho tanque

NAS 9 ISO 20/18/15

leo novo, fornecido em tambores

NAS 12 ISO 23/21/18

NAS 5 ISO 16/14/11


Necessria para modernos sistemas hidrulicos

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem Classificao

Qual o nvel adequado ?

Classe de pureza Grau de filtr.


Componentes
at
at absoluto
hidr
hidrulicos
recomendado
NAS ISO DIS
1638 4406 [m]

Bombas de engrenagem 9 21/18/15 10


Cilindros 9 21/18/15 10
Vlvulas direcionais 9 21/18/15 10
Vlvulas lim. de presso 9 21/18/15 10
Vlvulas estranguladoras 9 21/18/15 10
Bombas de pistes 9 21/18/15 10
Bombas de palhetas 9 21/18/15 10
Vlvulas de presso 6-8 19/16/13 5
Vlvulas proporcionais 6-8 19/16/13 5
Servov
Servovlvulas 4 16/13/10 3
Servocilindros 4 16/13/10 3

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem contaminao por gua

gua livre

gua emulsionada

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem contaminao por gua

3% de H2O 0,03% de H2O

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Parte 14 : pagina 234
Filtragem filtros

SUPERFICIE PROFUNDIDADE

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Parte 14 : pagina 234
Filtragem filtro de superfcie

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Parte 14 : pagina 235
Filtragem filtro de profundidade

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Parte 14 :
Filtragem filtro de profundidade

Tampa de fechamento
Tubo de apoio
Malha de apoio

Fibra de apoio

Fibra filtrante
Esteira filtrante principal
(Mesh Pack)
Fibra de pr-filtrao

Fibra protetora

Malha protetora

Camisa de metal estirado

Tampa de fechamento

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Parte 14 : pagina 236
Filtragem grau de filtragem - razo Beta

elemento
filtrante
em teste

elemento
filtrante
Nfluxo entrada Nfluxo sada em teste

nfluxo entrada x m elemento


X= filtrante
nfluxo de sada x m Nfluxo entrada = 500 Nfluxo sada = 20 em teste

nfluxo entrada x m
X= Nfluxo
X =entrada
25 = 200 Nfluxo sada = 1
nfluxo de sada x m
nfluxo entrada x m
X= X = 200
nfluxo de sada x m

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : pagina
Filtragem eficincia

EFICINCIA VALOR BETA Quantidade de partculas aps o filtro quando


% existem 1.000.000 partculas na entrada do mesmo

0% 1 1.000.000

50% 2 500.000

80% 5 200.000

98,7% 75 13.333

99% 100 10.000

99,5% 200 5.000

99,9% 1.000 1.000

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We also retain sole power of disposal, including all rights relating to copying, transmission and dissemination.
Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem filtros

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem localizao comparativo

Componente Tarefa
no corpo no sistema no corpo no sistema
humano hidrulico humano hidrulico
Filtrao e limpeza
Brnquios Filtro de ar
do ar aspirado e expelido
Filtro de Separao de partculas slidas
Rim retorno e gua
Filtro de Filtro de proteo para organismos
Fgado presso respect. componentes na seqncia
Gerao de presso e fluxo volumtrico,
Corao Bomba
necessrios para organismos / sistemas
Responsvel para o total funcionamento
Crebro Comando
do corpo / sistema
Filtro de fluxo Separao de partculas slidas
Dilise
secundrio e gua
Fluido hidrul. Alimentao dos organismos Transp. de energia, eliminao
Sangue
operacional e eliminao de impurezas de temperatura, reduo de atrito
Sistema de Sistema de informao sobre Sensores sobre presso,
Monitoramento
nervos o estado dos organismos temperatura, nvel de tanque

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem localizao dos filtros

COMANDO

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem filtro de suco

COMANDO

M
M

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem filtro de presso

COMANDO

M
M

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem filtro de retorno

COMANDO

M
M

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Parte 14 : apresentao
Filtragem filtro de ar

COMANDO

M
M

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Parte 14 : pgina 245
Filtragem indicadores de contaminao

VISUAL

EL
ELTRICO

EL
ELTRICO COM LED

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Parte 15 : apresentao
Acessrios hidrulicos

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Parte 15 : pgina 255
Acessrios hidrulicos kit off-line

Filtro + trocador de calor

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Parte 15 : pgina 256
Acessrios hidrulicos Suporte para tubos

Abraadeira suporte
Barra suporte

Bucha de borracha
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Parte 15 : Pgina 264
Acessrios hidrulicos transdutores de presso

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Parte 15 : Pgina 265
Acessrios hidrulicos pressostatos eletrnicos

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Parte 17 : pgina 266
Acessrios hidr. medio: temperatura, vazo e nvel.

Chaves de n
nvel

Captador de temperatura

Medidor de vazo

Visor de n
nvel

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Parte 16 : pgina 271
Acessrios hidrulicos Montagens

Sub-base individual
Manifolds Standart

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Parte 16 : pgina 271
Acessrios hidrulicos Montagens

Blocos especiais

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Parte 16 : pgina 272
Acessrios hidrulicos tcnicas de encadeamento

Montagens Modulares

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Parte 17 : pgina 275
unidades hidrulicas

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Parte 17 : pgina 276
unidades hidrulicas padres

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Parte 17 : pgina 277
unidades hidrulicas compactas - mini unidades

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FIM

OBRIGADO !!!!

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