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=

=

=

= = = ∆ ∆ ⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎞ ⎠ ⎟ ∆

=

=

=

= ∆ ∆ ⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎞ ⎠ ⎟
=
⎛ ⎝ ⎜
⎞ ⎠ ⎟

= = = ∆ ∆ ⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎞ ⎠ ⎟ ∆

= = = ∆ ∆ ⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎞ ⎠ ⎟ ∆

11 10 9 8 500 1500 2500 3500

11 10 9 8 500 1500 2500 3500
11
10
9
8 500
1500
2500
3500

11 10 9 8 500 1500 2500 3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500
10
8
6
4
2
0
500
1500
2500
3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500
10
8
6
4
2
0
500
1500
2500
3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500

10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1500 2500 3500

+∆

+∆

+∆

=

=

=

∆ =

+∆

+∆

=

=

=
=

∆ ∆ +∆ ∆ ∆ +∆ ∆ +∆ = = = ∆ = ∆ ∆ +∆

∆ ∆ +∆ ∆ ∆ +∆ ∆ +∆ = = = ∆ = ∆ ∆ +∆

   

 

 

   

γ γ ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ γ ⎞ ⎟ ⎠ ⎛ ⎞ ⎝ ⎜ ⎠ ⎟

γ

γ

⎛ ⎜ ⎝

γ

⎞ ⎟ ⎠

⎛ ⎞ ⎝ ⎜ ⎠ ⎟ ⎛ ⎞ ⎝ ⎜ ⎟ ⎠ ( )
⎝ ⎜
⎠ ⎟
⎝ ⎜
⎟ ⎠
(
)

γ γ ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ γ ⎞ ⎟ ⎠ ⎛ ⎞ ⎝ ⎜ ⎠ ⎟ ⎛

γ

γ
γ

γ

γ γ

γ
γ

γ
γ

γ γ

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0 500
1 000
1 500
2 000

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000

= ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎠

= ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎠

=
=

⎜ ⎝