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Sfin Migration

Activate SAP Reference IMG for Financial Accounting (New)


Use

In this Customizing activity you activate the SAP reference IMG structure for Financial Accounting (New) and
the menu.

Activities

1. To activate the SAP reference IMG structure do the following:


a) select transaction se38.
b) Enter the program RFAGL_SWAP_IMG_NEW.
c) Select Execute.
d) On the screen Activate/Deactivate New Implementation Guide select Activate New IMG
and choose Excecute.

In the SAP Reference IMG the structure for Financial Accounting (New) is visible and can be used.

2. To activate the menu do the following:


a) Select transaction se38.
b) Enter the program RFAGL_SWAP_MNEU_NEW.
c) On the screen Activate/Deactivate New Implementation Guide select Activate New IMG
and choose Excecute.

In the menu the relevant structure is visible and can be used.

Compare Fiscal Year Variants Between CO and FI

Purpose
The migration to the unified journal entry requires an unique fiscal year variant in controlling and financial.

The report reconciles the fiscal year variant of the controlling areas and their assigned company codes. It
creates a propsal for the configuration change.

Integration
The report has to be executed in the migration. The fiscal year variant of CO and FI have to be aligned before
the migration of the transaction data can be started.

Selection
The report provides a selection for the controlling area. But the report must be executed for all controlling areas
used in production.

Output
The report lists all controlling areas and company codes to be changed. The number of the posting periods and
the special peiods are listed.

The column 'Det. FYV for CoAr' (determined fiscal year variant for controling area) and 'Det. FYV for CoCd'
(determined fiscal year variant for company code) provides the proposal for the configuration change.

The configuration transactions can be called from the list.

Remark: Differences in the posting periods cannot be changed. In this case you need to contact consulting to
change the fiscal year variant to equalize the posting periods.

Check and Adopt Fiscal Year Variants


Use

In this Customizing activity, you compare the fiscal year variants between controlling areas and their assigned
company codes. For more information, access the full documentation by choosing the info button in the
selection screen after starting the activity.

Compare Fiscal Year Variants Between CO and FI

Purpose
The migration to the unified journal entry requires an unique fiscal year variant in controlling and financial.

The report reconciles the fiscal year variant of the controlling areas and their assigned company codes. It
creates a propsal for the configuration change.

Integration
The report has to be executed in the migration. The fiscal year variant of CO and FI have to be aligned before
the migration of the transaction data can be started.

Selection
The report provides a selection for the controlling area. But the report must be executed for all controlling areas
used in production.

Output
The report lists all controlling areas and company codes to be changed. The number of the posting periods and
the special peiods are listed.

The column 'Det. FYV for CoAr' (determined fiscal year variant for controling area) and 'Det. FYV for CoCd'
(determined fiscal year variant for company code) provides the proposal for the configuration change.

The configuration transactions can be called from the list.

Remark: Differences in the posting periods cannot be changed. In this case you need to contact consulting to
change the fiscal year variant to equalize the posting periods.
Migrate General Ledger Customizing
Use

In this activity, you migrate all new G/L ledgers to the new configuration.

The following are migrated:

Company code assignments

Currency settings

Fiscal year variant

Open period variant

Settings for real-time integration of CO-FI

Define Settings for Journal Entry Ledger


Use

In this Customizing activity, you define the ledgers that you use in Accounting.

Only one ledger can be designated leading ledger.

There are two types of ledger:

Standard: A standard ledger contains a full set of journal entries for all business transactions.

Appendix: An appendix ledger is assigned to a standard ledger and inherits all journal entries of the
standard ledger for reporting. Postings made explicitly to an appendix ledger are visible in that
appendix ledger but not in the underlying standard ledger. This concept can be used to avoid
duplication of journal entries if many business transactions are valid for both ledgers and only a few
adjustments are required in the appendix ledger.

You also assign company code to ledger, and define currency settings and fiscal year variant.

Requirements

Company codes are created and configured with currency, fiscal year variant, and open period variant.

Controlling areas are configured with currency type and fiscal year variant.

Company codes are assigned to controlling areas.

Upgrades: Migration of ledger Customizing is completed.


Standard settings

Ledger 0L is the leading ledger.

All companies are assigned to the leading ledger.

Activities

Create additional ledgers if required.

Configure company code assignments to ledger.

Check currency settings.

Configure fiscal year variant and open period variant for non-leading ledgers.

Assign accounting principles. Set the indicator Parallel Accounting with G/L Accounts if you want to
use several accounting principles within one ledger.

Define Ledger for CO Version


Use

In this activity, you define a ledger that represents Controlling. That is, a ledger that contains all postings of
actual data that is relevant to Controlling.

This is done by assigning the version 000 to a ledger. You do this on a company code level, but you have to
use the same ledger for all company codes.

The current restriction is that the version 000 must be assigned to the leading ledger.

You have to assign the version 000 to the leading ledger for all company codes that are assigned to a
Controlling area.

Requirements

The fiscal year variant of the company code must be identical to that of the Controlling area.

Define Document Types for Postings in Controlling


Use

In this activity, you can create new document types for postings in Controlling, for example you can create a
document type that you can use for the manual reposting of primary costs.

Standard settings

For documents types used in Controlling, the indicator G/L account must be set.

Example
The new document type CO is provided as an example.

Define Document Type Mapping Variants for CO Business Transa


Use

In this activity, you define a mapping variant that maps CO business transactions to document types. This
mapping must be done for all CO business transactions that do actual postings.

Upgrades: The migration of the ledger Customizing generates a default mapping variant in which all CO
business transactions are mapped to the document type that was entered in the variant for real-time CO-FI
integration.

Example

The mapping variant 0000000001 is provided as an example. This variant maps all CO business transactions
to the document type CO.

Check and Define Default Values for Postings in Controlling


Use

In this activity, you define default values for use in CO business transactions whose user interfaces do not
allow you to enter a document type or a ledger group for posting purposes.

Requirements

You have defined a mapping variant that maps CO business transactions to document types.

Standard settings

Standard setting: If you do not enter a default ledger group, all CO postings will be done to all G/L ledgers.

Upgrades: The migration of the ledger Customizing enters as default ledger group the ledger group that was
entered in the variant of the real-time CO-FI integration.

Define Offsetting Account Determination Type


Use

In this customizing activity you define how the system calculates the offsetting account in all applications.

You have to carry out this activity before you perform any migration acitivities that affect the offsetting account.

This activity is a prerequisite for the activity Fill the Offsetting Account in FI Documents.

Standard settings

SAP recommends to choose the option "As case 2, but including lime items generated automatically".

Define Source Ledger for Migration of Balances


Use

In this customizing activity you define the source ledger (and by doing so the source database table) of the
balances for general ledger accounting using the following:

Target Ledger

Company Code (you can specify * to apply the settings to all company codes)

Starting Fiscal Year (by specifying year 0001 you apply the settings for all fiscal years)

Example

Customers using new GL can specify one entry per ledger, where source and target ledger are equal.

Customers using classic GL can specify one entry, where the source ledger is 00, for example GLT0, and the
leading ledger (usually 0L) is used as the target ledger.

Customers using new GL can migrate their new GL aggregates for the fiscal years after migration to new GL
and their classic GL aggregates , for example GLT0, for the fiscal years prior to the new GL migration.

This requires two entries with different source ledger and starting year. The following example lists two entries
at a customer who has migrated form classic to new GL in 2010:

Entry 1:

Target Ledger: 0L

Company Code: 0001

From Year: 0001

Source Ledger: 00

Entry 2:

Target Ledger: 0L

Company Code: 0001

From Year: 2010

Source Ledger: 0L

Execute Consistency Check of General Ledger Settings


Use

In this activity, the Customizing settings for the ledgers are checked. This check must run without error
messages before migration of transaction data.
Activate Business Functions
Use

In this customizing activity you activate the business functions that are necessary for migrating to the SAP
Simple Finance add-on for SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA.

You have to activate the following business functions in the customizing system and import them into the
productive system:

FIN_GL_CI_1

FIN_GL_CI_2

FIN_GL_CI_3

Standard settings

These business functions activate functionality in general ledger which is mandatory for the SAP Simple
Finance Add-on.

Prepare New Asset Accounting


Use

The following activities are relevant for you if you have been using classic Asset Accounting up to now
and you now want to migrate to new Asset Accounting.

These and the following activates support you in migrating Customizing data; once you have completed
these activities, you can activate new Asset Accounting. Migrating transaction data is not possible until after
that; however, the migration of transaction data is not a part of these IMG activities. The documents from Asset
Accounting are migrated as part of the migration of documents from the general ledger. Finally, you must
initially build the depreciation values of your fixed assets (see Build Depreciation Values).

Note:
The SAP Simple Finance add-on for SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA (short: SAP Simple Finance
add-on) contains the product SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA. New Asset Accounting is part of SAP
Accounting powered by SAP HANA.

Overview of Steps

To be able to use new Asset Accounting, you have to follow the steps below (among others): The steps differ
depending on whether you are in the Customizing system or in a downstream system (test system, production
system).

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation


Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset
1. See the "Prerequisites" section below.
Accounting

Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP Simple
2.
Asset Accounting Finance add-on

Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new See the Migration Guide for General Ledger
3.
General Ledger Accounting Accounting.

Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset Current activity and following activity; see the
4.
Accounting. "Activities" section below.

Make additional manual settings in Customizing Customizing activity Perform Additional Manual
5.
for new Asset Accounting. Activities

Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset Customizing activity Check Prerequisites for
6.
Accounting. Activating Asset Accounting (New)

7. Activate the Customizing switch Customizing activity Activate New Asset Accounting

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):

No. Step Explanation

8. Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting See the "Prerequisites" section below.

9. Lock the test system and production system to posting.

Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the
10.
Accounting SAP Simple Finance add-on

Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General Ledger See the Migration Guide for General
11.
Accounting Ledger Accounting.

12. Create the necessary master data. See step 5 for the Customizing system.

Import the new Customizing settings into your production


13.
system.

Check in the production system whether the transport


14.
successfully imported the activated Customizing switch.

15. Unlock the production system for postings.

When you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on, the system shows the new IMG structure Asset Accounting
(New) in the SAP Reference IMG, which also contains this activity. At the same time, the system hides the IMG
structure for classic Asset Accounting.

Caution:

Immediately after you have installed the SAP Simple Finance add-on (step 2 in the Customizing
system or step 10 in the test and production system), postings are no longer possible in Asset
Accounting - neither using the old logic nor the new logic. You cannot post using the new logic until
after the migration of your Customizing data and transaction data (documents).

After you have performed the migration and activated new Asset Accounting, it is not possible to
return to using classic Asset Accounting. Classic Asset Accounting is in the SAP Simple Finance add-
on and therefore does not exist in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA.

Requirements

Steps 1 and 8: Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting

(Number sequence for the steps: See above.)

Before you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on, you have to ensure that the prerequisites are met. You can
do so using the program for preliminary checks RASFIN_MIGR_PRECHECK. You import this program to your
system by means of SAP Note 1939592 before you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on. Perform this
check in all of your systems - in the Customizing system as well as in the test system and production system.

Prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting


Non-Compatible Components

If you migrate to SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA and want to use new Asset Accounting, you are not
allowed to use any of the following components:

Joint Venture Accounting (JVA)

You cannot use new Asset Accounting in company codes in which JVA is active, and the reverse is
also true.
(The business function JVA, Integration with New General Ledger Accounting
(JVA_GL_INTEGRATION)) is also not compatible with new Asset Accounting in SAP Accounting
powered by SAP HANA.)

From the Financials Extension (EA-FIN):

Lease Accounting Engine (LAE)


The LAE controls postings for the lessor scenario; this scenario consists of the components CRM
Leasing (CRM-LAM) and Leasing Accounting (FI-LA).

Real Estate (RE), that is, classic Real Estate Management

From Funds Management (PSM-FM) or Industry-Specific Component Public Sector (IS-PS):

Requests with Reference to Asset


Detailed Prerequisites

You have activated the Financials Extension (EA-FIN) business function, since you need the new
depreciation calculation with the Depreciation Calculation Program (DCP) from EA-FIN. Either you
already activated EA-FIN in any case at an earlier point in time, or you activate EA-FIN manually in
your systems as part of a project, before you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on.
To reflect parallel accounting, you use either the ledger approach in General Ledger Accounting (FI-
GL) (New) or the accounts approach in classic General Ledger Accounting.

The following applies for Asset Accounting:

o You have configured the classic Asset Accounting (FI-AA) application component.

o Or: If you have not previously used classic Asset Accounting, you need to make all of the
necessary Customizing settings for new Asset Accounting.

Check whether you can completely archive documents from deactivated company codes (this means
company codes that only allow subsequent reporting).
If you do not archive the documents of the company code, you must do the following:

o You must migrate the documents with the document migration; and

o You must migrate the assigned chart of depreciation.

The parallel currencies in the leading ledger in General Ledger Accounting and in the depreciation
areas of the leading valuation in Asset Accounting must be the same.

The following applies in addition to the ledger approach: The parallel valuations of the non-leading
ledger and the depreciation areas of the parallel valuation in Asset Accounting have to be congruent.
If you have previously been using parallel currencies in General Ledger Accounting, but you have not
implemented the corresponding parallel currency areas in Asset Accounting for all depreciation areas,
you must first implement these depreciation areas before you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on.
Contact your consultant.

Preparation

If, up to now, you were using classic Asset Accounting with classic General Ledger Accounting or classic Asset
Accounting with new General Ledger Accounting, you have to make the following preparations:

Make sure that period-end closing was performed (the following programs (among others):
RAPOST2000, RAPERB2000, reconciliation of the asset subsidiary ledger with the general ledger
(account balance list and asset list, RAABST01, RAABST02). If you install the SAP Simple Finance
add-on at the close of the fiscal year, you should also perform year-end closing.

Lock the users to ensure that no additional postings are made.

Make sure that the periodic asset postings (with program RAPERB2000) are completed.

Also ensure that there are no update terminations from direct postings in the system.

Caution:
You can no longer post once you have installed the SAP simple finance add-on. Posting is only possible again
after you have completed the migration fully and successfully. For the installation and the migration to be
successful, it is mandatory that you ensure the completeness of the postings for the period-end closing before
the installation.
When to install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset Accounting

From the point of view of Asset Accounting, you can install the SAP simple finance add-on at any time;
however, it is a requirement that a period-end closing must have been completed.

You need to have fully completed all periodic and current posting processes that involve Asset Accounting. You
must not make any postings during the changeover.

Caution:
You are only allowed to perform the next steps once you have made sure that your system meets the
prerequisites for installing the SAP Simple Finance add-on by using the program mentioned above for
preliminary checks, RASFIN_MIGR_PRECHECK.

Activities

Steps 2 and 10: Install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset Accounting

You start the installation of the SAP Simple Finance add-on. Starting from this point in time, it is no longer
possible to post in Asset Accounting.

If you were already using classic Asset Accounting, then you only have to migrate your charts of depreciation,
and check and possibly add to delta Customizing.

If you were not already using Asset Accounting and now want to use it in the future, you have to completely
configure your system for Asset Accounting. The following does not explain the individual steps necessary for
this configuration. In the case of a complete configuration, you have to perform step 7 after the configuration is
complete, and activate the Customizing switch (Activate New Asset Accounting activity).

Steps 3 and 11: Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General Ledger Accounting

SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA is based on new General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL (new)). If you
want to use SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA, but were still using classic General Ledger Accounting
until now, the data for General Ledger Accounting is migrated during the migration.

Step 4: Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset Accounting.

This step is necessary, if you were already using classic Asset Accounting or new Asset Accounting (from SAP
enhancement package 7 for SAP ERP 6.0). You can either migrate the charts of depreciation automatically
using the migration program, or manually.

I. Check/create accounting principles

Check if there are accounting principles in the system for your leading and parallel valuations. If not, then
create them.

You check and change Customizing for accounting principles in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New)
-> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Parallel Accounting -> Define Accounting
Principles.
II. Check ledgers and ledger groups

The following applies to the ledger approach: One ledger with a ledger group has to exist in the system for
each valuation, so for the leading valuation and the parallel valuation. This is normally ledger 0L for the leading
ledger with ledger group 0L.

The following applies for the accounts approach: The leading ledger with the ledger group has to have been
created in the system. This represents your leading valuation. For each parallel valuation, you have to create a
(new) ledger group that also contains the leading ledger as a representative ledger.
The leading ledger 0L with ledger group 0L is usually created by default in the system.

Check if the necessary ledgers and ledger groups have been created in the system.

You change Customizing for ledgers in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting
Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Define Ledgers for General Ledger Accounting.

You change Customizing for ledger groups in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial
Accounting Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Define Ledger Group.

For the accounts approach, you can also have the option of having the system generate the ledger group for
parallel valuation. Start the migration program (see below). The migration cannot completely take place due to
the missing ledger group for parallel valuation and the missing assignment of this ledger group to an
accounting principle. However, the system generates a ledger group for each valuation. Its name is made up of
<& number of the leading depreciation area of the parallel valuation &>.

Adjust the name of the generated ledger group, if necessary. Run the migration program again later. (See the
"Migrate Charts of Accounts" section below.)

III. Assign accounting principles to ledger groups

You change the assignment in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global
Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> ->Parallel Accounting -> Assign Accounting Principle to Ledger Groups.

Assign the accounting principle to the ledger group for each valuation that is represented by a depreciation
area in your chart of depreciation.

IV. Define settings for the journal entry of the ledger (Define Settings for
Journal Entry Ledger
Use

In this Customizing activity, you define the ledgers that you use in Accounting.

Only one ledger can be designated leading ledger.

There are two types of ledger:

Standard: A standard ledger contains a full set of journal entries for all business transactions.

Appendix: An appendix ledger is assigned to a standard ledger and inherits all journal entries of the
standard ledger for reporting. Postings made explicitly to an appendix ledger are visible in that
appendix ledger but not in the underlying standard ledger. This concept can be used to avoid
duplication of journal entries if many business transactions are valid for both ledgers and only a few
adjustments are required in the appendix ledger.

You also assign company code to ledger, and define currency settings and fiscal year variant.

Requirements

Company codes are created and configured with currency, fiscal year variant, and open period variant.

Controlling areas are configured with currency type and fiscal year variant.

Company codes are assigned to controlling areas.

Upgrades: Migration of ledger Customizing is completed.

Standard settings

Ledger 0L is the leading ledger.

All companies are assigned to the leading ledger.

Activities

Create additional ledgers if required.

Configure company code assignments to ledger.

Check currency settings.

Configure fiscal year variant and open period variant for non-leading ledgers.

Assign accounting principles. Set the indicator Parallel Accounting with G/L Accounts if you want to
use several accounting principles within one ledger.

Check the assignment of the accounting principle for the combination of ledger and company code in
Customizing under Define Settings for Journal Entry of Ledger.

V. Migrate Charts of Accounts

You migrate your active charts of depreciation in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) under
Migrate Charts of Depreciation. (Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Use

If you are already using classic Asset Accounting and want to migrate to new Asset Accounting, you have to
migrate the charts of depreciation from classic Asset Accounting. This activity supports you in this migration.

Using this activity, you can (among other things) assign depreciation areas to an accounting principle.
Requirements

You have made the preparations in activity Prepare New Asset Accounting:

You have checked the accounting principles and created new ones, if necessary.

You have checked the ledgers and ledger groups.

You have assigned the accounting principles to ledger groups.

You have assigned a ledger and an accounting principle to the company codes used in Asset
Accounting.

Standard settings

During the migration, the system makes the following changes:

1. Assign accounting principle and ledger group:

An accounting principle and the related ledger group are assigned to each depreciation area, even to
the non-posting depreciation areas.

Note the following: For each set of depreciation areas that is assigned to the same ledger group, only
one depreciation area is allowed to manage acquisition and production costs (APC) and have the
option Area Posts in Realtime or Area Posts APC Immediately.

2. Adjust Post to General Ledger option:

The settings for posting to the general ledger are changed.

o The leading area of the leading valuation always contains the Area Posts in Realtime option.

o The following applies to the ledger approach: The leading area of the parallel valuation also
contains the Area Posts in Realtime option.

o The following applies for the accounts approach: The leading area of the parallel valuation
receives the option Area Posts APC Immediately, Depreciation Periodically or Area Posts
APC and Depreciation Periodically.

o The derived depreciation areas that posted to Financial Accounting up to now when the ledger
approach was used are no longer needed, except for reporting purposes. These areas
receive the option Area Does Not Post.

o Depreciation areas that represent reserves for special depreciation, for example, receive the
option Depreciation Area Posts Account Balances in Real Time, Depreciation Periodically for
posting to the general ledger.

3. Adjust transfer of APC values:


It is only possible to transfer values within a set of depreciation areas to which the same accounting
principle is assigned.

The leading depreciation area of a valuation always receives the indicator 00, meaning that it never
adopts values from another area. The non-leading areas of a valuation always adopt their values from
an area that is assigned to the same accounting principle. (Exception: Depreciation areas for
investment support shown on the liabilities side always have indicator 00.)
4. Adjust transfer of depreciation terms:

The same applies here as for the adoption of APC values.

5. The system determines, if you are using the accounts approach or the ledger approach.

Activities

1. Perform the migration in a test run.

2. Check the applicable log, and correct the errors.

3. Perform the migration in an update run.

Note:
You can display the migration log of all migrations performed in a test run or an update run in Customizing for
Asset Accounting (New) under Display Migration Log.

Check migrated charts of depreciation or perform manual migration of charts of depreciation.

You have to migrate the charts of depreciation manually in the following cases:

Your chart of depreciation could not be migrated during the automatic migration because the starting
situation defined in your system is not recognized by the migration program.

You want to migrate the charts of depreciation manually in any case.

You have charts of depreciation in your system that are assigned to a deactivated company code. This
means they are assigned to a company code that only allows subsequent reporting. The data of this
deactivated company code is still not archived; it must therefore be migrated with the document
migration. You must therefore definitely migrate this chart of depreciation manually.

This is possible at any time by making the following settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New):

1. Assignment of accounting principles and ledger groups to depreciation areas:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

2. Settings for posting to the general ledger (for each depreciation area):
under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

3. Value transfer for acquisition and production costs:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Transfer of APC Values

4. Transfer of depreciation terms:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Transfer of Depreciation
Terms

5. Use of parallel currencies:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Currencies -> Specify the Use of Parallel Currencies

You can also use these activites, if you want to check the Customizing settings after charts of depreciation
have been migrated automatically.

See also
This activity is based on program Migrate Charts of Depreciation. For more information, see the program
documentation Migrate Charts of Depreciation.

Other Activities

Before you can actually use new Asset Accounting, you have to perform the following steps from the sequence
of steps listed above.

In your Customizing system, these are the following steps:

Step 5: Make additional manual settings in Customizing for new Asset Accounting. See Perform
Additional Manual Activities.( Perform Additional Manual Activities
Use

After the migration of the charts of depreciation, you have to make more Customizing settings before you can
check and activate new Asset Accounting.

If you have already been using classic Asset Accounting, then you have to make settings for new and changed
functions (delta Customizing).

In the downstream system (the test system and production system), it is only necessary to manually create the
master data described below.

The following explanations deal only with delta Customizing. It is important to read the documentation of the
given Customizing activity.

Delta Customizing consists of the settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) that are described below:

Activities

Overview

The following table shows an overview of the manual activities that you have to execute, depending on your
starting situation:

Starting Situations:
I. Classic General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
II. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
III. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, ledger approach

Starting Starting Starting


Situation I Situation II Situation III

Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel


Required Required Not Relevant (1)
Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update Optional Optional Optional


Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset
Required (2) Required (2) Required (2)
Acquisition (2)

Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-


Optional Optional (3) Optional (3)
Principle-Specific Documents

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement Optional Optional Optional

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss (4) Required Required Required

Check Transaction Types (5) Required Required Required

Explanation:
(1) Only valid for accounts approach
(2) A required activity, if integrated asset acquisitions are to be posted
(3) Can be a required activity, if document splitting is active.
(4) If there is a legal requirement.
(5) If transaction types were restricted to depreciation areas.

Details about Activities

Note:
For all Customizing activities, it is important to read not only the explanations here, but also the IMG
documentation for the given Customizing activity.

Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

This step is only necessary, if you work with the accounts approach. This step is not relevant if you are using
the ledger approach.

Up to now, you have (as part of the accounts approach) represented one or more additional valuations using
separate periodic-posting or direct-posting depreciation areas that post to separate accounts in the general
ledger. These asset balance sheet accounts were posted directly in Financial Accounting up to now.

In the future, both the leading valuation and parallel valuation post asset values directly to Financial
Accounting. These asset balance sheet accounts are only allowed to be posted by means of Asset Accounting,
and therefore have to be defined as reconciliation accounts.

You have the following options:

You define the asset balance sheet accounts you used up to now (normal balance sheet accounts that
can be posted directly) of the parallel valuation as reconciliation accounts for the future.

In Customizing under Asset Accounting (New) -> Preparations for Production Operation -> Production
Startup -> Accounts Approach: Set/Reset Reconciliation Accounts for Parallel Valuations.

Or: You create new asset balance sheet accounts in your chart of accounts as reconciliation accounts
of Asset Accounting. To do this, proceed as follows:

a) Create the new asset balance sheet accounts as reconciliation accounts in the general
ledger.
On the SAP Easy Access screen: under Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General
Ledger -> Master Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction
FS00)

b) You then have to enter these G/L accounts in the account determination of Asset
Accounting. For the posting depreciation area that represents the parallel valuation, you have
to enter the newly created reconciliation accounts (for example, as balance sheet account for
acquisition and production costs, or accumulated depreciation account for ordinary
depreciation).

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting
-> Assign G/L Accounts

c) Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) ->
Periodic Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

If you are certain that the balance sheet accounts were never posted manually in Financial Accounting in the
past, then you can convert these accounts into reconciliation accounts. If it is not possible to ascertain this,
then we recommend that you create new balance sheet accounts (reconciliation accounts) to make
reconciliation between Financial Accounting and Asset Accounting possible for the future.

In any case, we recommend that you reconcile the asset balance sheet values of Asset Accounting with
General Ledger Accounting in advance, especially for parallel valuations. To do so, use a program for asset
lists in Asset Accounting. In Financial Accounting, you can use the corresponding balance list.

Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update

In this step, you can specify, for each chart of depreciation, the depreciation area you want to use for the
quantity update. This setting is especially relevant if you are using collective low-value assets. The quantities in
the asset master record are only updated if postings are made to the depreciation area specified here.

For each chart of depreciation, the system displays a selection of depreciation areas that are allowed to
manage quantities. The depreciation areas are always the leading/posting depreciation area for the given
valuation.

The Customizing activity is optional. In the standard system (that is, as long as you do not make any settings to
the contrary), the system uses depreciation area 01 for the quantity update.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Depreciation
Area for Quantity Update

Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition

This step is always necessary if you want to post an integrated asset acquisition. You enter the business
transaction for the vendor invoice and the asset acquisition in one step; you enter the accounts for the liability
and the capitalization of the asset and post to them.

It might be the case that you always post your asset acquisitions without integration. That means, as the first
step, you enter the incoming invoice and post against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In the later,
second step, you enter a separate transaction in Asset Accounting and thereby capitalize the asset and post
against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In that case, you do not have to enter this account.
For an integrated asset acquisition posting, the system divides the business transaction into an operational part
and a valuating part:

For the operational part (vendor invoice), the system posts a document valid for all accounting
principles against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical
perspective, the system generates a ledger-group-independent document.

For each valuating part (asset posting with capitalization of the asset), the system generates a
separate document that is valid only for the given accounting principle. This document is also posted
against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical perspective,
the system generates ledger-group-specific documents.

Procedure:

1. Create a new G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. Enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Technical Clearing Account for
Integrated Asset Acquisition

3. Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

Note:
Check if a different field control is set up in your system, depending on the asset balance sheet account to be
posted or on the given transaction (such as APC or investment support). If this is the case, you need different
technical clearing accounts for integrated asset acquisitions. Proceed as follows:

1. Create another G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code. You have
to define the field status variant for this account differently than the first account.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. You then have to enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your
chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Different Technical Clearing
Account for Required Field Control

3. Assign these G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions
Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-Principle-Specific Documents

This step can be necessary, if you use document splitting. In that case, you have to enter an alternative
document type for the valuating document, if you want the document splitting rules to be different for the
business transaction variant of the valuating document (asset acquisition) and the operative document
(Accounts Payable). This step could also be necessary, if your organization requires that the valuating
documents are posted with a different document type than the operational documents.

Procedure:

Check whether you need alternative document types for posting the valuating document, either due to the
definition of document splitting or due to requirements in your organization. If this is necessary, proceed as
follows:

1. Check whether you can use a document type that already exists in the system, or whether you need
a new document type. In the second case, create the document type.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Types

2. Check whether you can use an existing number range for the newly created document type, or
whether you have to create a new number range.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Number Ranges

3. Assign the alternative document type for the posting of your valuating document.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Ledger-Grp-Spec. Docs -> Specify Alternative
Document Type for Acctg-Principle-Specific Documents

4. If you need to use other alternative document types for the valuating document for individual
company codes, you can differentiate them further.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Acctg-Princ.-Spec. Docs -> Define Separate
Document Types by Company Code

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system is to distribute revenues arising from asset
retirements: either based on the net book value or on APC. In the standard system, the distribution is based on
the net book value.

Check the distribution of revenue for your company codes, and adjust the distribution as necessary to meet
your requirements.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Define
Revenue Distribution for Fixed Asset Retirement

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system posts during an asset retirement due to sale or
scrapping. In the standard system, the system posts a gain or loss. As another option, you can choose to post
the net book value of the assets instead for a depreciation area. In that case, the system posts the net book
value to the account for clearing of revenue from asset sales or for clearing of revenue from asset sales to
affiliated companies.

Note:
This posting variant is not allowed in most countries. In some countries, such as France, however, it is a legal
requirement.

Check whether it is a legal requirement to post the net book value for individual areas, and adjust your settings
accordingly.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Post
Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss -> Sub activity Specify Depreciation Areas for Net Book Value Posting

Check Transaction Types

If you were using transaction types that were restricted to certain depreciation areas, then you can no longer
use these transaction types. Check whether your existing transaction types that are not restricted to
depreciation areas are sufficient. Otherwise you have to create new transaction types (that correspond to the
previous restricted ones) that do not have restrictions to depreciation areas.

(To restrict a business transaction to a given valuation in new Asset Accounting, you enter a restriction to an
accounting principle or depreciation area when you post the transaction.)

Investment support and also revaluation and new valuation are an exception:

The transaction types for investment support and revaluation are automatically generated by the
system when you create a corresponding measure, and therefore are restricted to the depreciation
area to be posted to.

The transaction types for revaluation and new valuation that relate to transaction type group 81/82/89
can continue to be restricted to depreciation areas.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Overview for Experts -> Check Transaction Types

In new Asset Accounting you can flag existing transaction types as obsolete:

Transaction types that should no longer be used for postings for organizational reasons

Transaction types that you are no longer allowed to use for postings due to technical reasons as these
were restricted to certain depreciation areas in the past

If you set the obsolete indicator for a transaction type, this has the following effects:

The transaction type is no longer proposed in the input help when you make postings.

It is still used for reporting purposes though.

See also the direct help for field Transaction Type Is Obsolete.

Step 6: Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset Accounting and
Step 7: Activate new Asset Accounting.

Migrate Charts of Depreciation


Use

If you are already using classic Asset Accounting and want to migrate to new Asset Accounting, you have to
migrate the charts of depreciation from classic Asset Accounting. This activity supports you in this migration.

Using this activity, you can (among other things) assign depreciation areas to an accounting principle.

Requirements

You have made the preparations in activity Prepare New Asset Accounting:

You have checked the accounting principles and created new ones, if necessary.

You have checked the ledgers and ledger groups.

You have assigned the accounting principles to ledger groups.

You have assigned a ledger and an accounting principle to the company codes used in Asset
Accounting.

Standard settings

During the migration, the system makes the following changes:

1. Assign accounting principle and ledger group:

An accounting principle and the related ledger group are assigned to each depreciation area, even to
the non-posting depreciation areas.

Note the following: For each set of depreciation areas that is assigned to the same ledger group, only
one depreciation area is allowed to manage acquisition and production costs (APC) and have the
option Area Posts in Realtime or Area Posts APC Immediately.

2. Adjust Post to General Ledger option:

The settings for posting to the general ledger are changed.

o The leading area of the leading valuation always contains the Area Posts in Realtime option.

o The following applies to the ledger approach: The leading area of the parallel valuation also
contains the Area Posts in Realtime option.

o The following applies for the accounts approach: The leading area of the parallel valuation
receives the option Area Posts APC Immediately, Depreciation Periodically or Area Posts
APC and Depreciation Periodically.
o The derived depreciation areas that posted to Financial Accounting up to now when the ledger
approach was used are no longer needed, except for reporting purposes. These areas
receive the option Area Does Not Post.

o Depreciation areas that represent reserves for special depreciation, for example, receive the
option Depreciation Area Posts Account Balances in Real Time, Depreciation Periodically for
posting to the general ledger.

3. Adjust transfer of APC values:


It is only possible to transfer values within a set of depreciation areas to which the same accounting
principle is assigned.

The leading depreciation area of a valuation always receives the indicator 00, meaning that it never
adopts values from another area. The non-leading areas of a valuation always adopt their values from
an area that is assigned to the same accounting principle. (Exception: Depreciation areas for
investment support shown on the liabilities side always have indicator 00.)

4. Adjust transfer of depreciation terms:

The same applies here as for the adoption of APC values.

5. The system determines, if you are using the accounts approach or the ledger approach.

Activities

1. Perform the migration in a test run.

2. Check the applicable log, and correct the errors.

3. Perform the migration in an update run.

Note:
You can display the migration log of all migrations performed in a test run or an update run in
Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) under Display Migration Log.( Display Migration Log
Use

You can use this activity to display the logs of the migration of charts of depreciation during either the test run
or the update run.

Requirements

You have executed at least one migration of charts of depreciation for new Asset Accounting in either test
mode or update mode.

See also

This activity is based on program Display Migration Log. For more information, see the program documentation
Display Migration Log.

--Display Migration Log


Use
You can use this activity to display the logs of the migration of charts of depreciation during either the test run
or the update run.

Requirements

You have executed at least one migration of charts of depreciation for new Asset Accounting in either test
mode or update mode.

See also

This activity is based on program Display Migration Log. For more information, see the program documentation
Display Migration Log.

Check migrated charts of depreciation or perform manual migration of charts of depreciation.

You have to migrate the charts of depreciation manually in the following cases:

Your chart of depreciation could not be migrated during the automatic migration because the starting
situation defined in your system is not recognized by the migration program.

You want to migrate the charts of depreciation manually in any case.

You have charts of depreciation in your system that are assigned to a deactivated company code. This
means they are assigned to a company code that only allows subsequent reporting. The data of this
deactivated company code is still not archived; it must therefore be migrated with the document
migration. You must therefore definitely migrate this chart of depreciation manually.

This is possible at any time by making the following settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New):

1. Assignment of accounting principles and ledger groups to depreciation areas:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

2. Settings for posting to the general ledger (for each depreciation area):
under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

3. Value transfer for acquisition and production costs:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Transfer of APC Values

4. Transfer of depreciation terms:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Transfer of Depreciation
Terms

5. Use of parallel currencies:


under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Currencies -> Specify the Use of Parallel Currencies

You can also use these activites, if you want to check the Customizing settings after charts of depreciation
have been migrated automatically.

See also

This activity is based on program Migrate Charts of Depreciation. For more information, see the
program documentation Migrate Charts of Depreciation.( Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Purpose
If you are already using classic Asset Accounting and want to migrate to new Asset Accounting, you have to
migrate the charts of depreciation from classic Asset Accounting. This program supports you in this migration.

You can use this program to assign the depreciation areas to an accounting principle and to assign the ledger
groups they belong to.

Features
In the depreciation areas of a chart of depreciation, the program fills the fields that are new in new Asset
Accounting:

Accounting Principle and Ledger Group:

For each leading depreciation area with its dependent depreciation areas, the program fills an
accounting principle and the related ledger group. For this to take place, you have to have made the
Customizing settings for the assignment of the accounting principle to the ledger group.

Posting Indicator:

o For all delta areas, the posting indicator is set to Area Does Not Post.

o If you are using the ledger approach, the posting indicator for the leading depreciation area of
the given ledger group receives the value Area Posts in Realtime (for all accounting
principles).

o If you are using the accounts approach, the posting indicator for the leading depreciation area
of the given ledger receives the value Area Posts in Realtime; for all other depreciation areas
of the other accounting principles, the indicator receives the value Area Posts APC and
Depreciation Periodically.

Indicators for Adoptions of Terms and Values:

The indicator for the adoption of depreciation terms and also the indicator for the adoption of values
are removed for the leading depreciation from the other accounting principles (that is, the indicators
are set to initial).

Selection
The chart of depreciation is available as a selection criterion.

You can choose to run the program as a test run or an update run.
We recommend that you run the program as a test run first, so that you can correct any errors before
processing the update run.
If you run the program as an update run, the system updates the tables for the depreciation areas.

Output
The program logs the results in an application log with the following ID:
Object: FIAA Asset Accounting
Subobject: 009 Other

The processing of the charts of depreciation is displayed. As soon as an indicator or a field of the depreciation
areas changes, this is displayed in the log as a message.

For each chart of depreciation, the system issues a message stating whether it was migrated successfully with
this migration program.

Activities
To migrate charts of depreciation, proceed as follows:

1. Execute the program as a test run.


2. Analyze any error messages.
3. In case of errors, proceed as follows:
a) Create, if needed, new ledger groups for different accounting principles.
b) Assign an accounting principle to the ledger groups.
4. Execute the program in an update run.

Display Migration Log


Use

You can use this activity to display the logs of the migration of charts of depreciation during either the test run
or the update run.

Requirements

You have executed at least one migration of charts of depreciation for new Asset Accounting in either test
mode or update mode.

See also

This activity is based on program Display Migration Log. For more information, see the program documentation
Display Migration Log.

Perform Additional Manual Activities


Use

After the migration of the charts of depreciation, you have to make more Customizing settings before you can
check and activate new Asset Accounting.

If you have already been using classic Asset Accounting, then you have to make settings for new and changed
functions (delta Customizing).
In the downstream system (the test system and production system), it is only necessary to manually create the
master data described below.

The following explanations deal only with delta Customizing. It is important to read the documentation of the
given Customizing activity.

Delta Customizing consists of the settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) that are described below:

Activities

Overview

The following table shows an overview of the manual activities that you have to execute, depending on your
starting situation:

Starting Situations:
I. Classic General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
II. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
III. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, ledger approach

Starting Starting Starting


Situation I Situation II Situation III

Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel


Required Required Not Relevant (1)
Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update Optional Optional Optional

Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset


Required (2) Required (2) Required (2)
Acquisition (2)

Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-


Optional Optional (3) Optional (3)
Principle-Specific Documents

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement Optional Optional Optional

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss (4) Required Required Required

Check Transaction Types (5) Required Required Required

Explanation:
(1) Only valid for accounts approach
(2) A required activity, if integrated asset acquisitions are to be posted
(3) Can be a required activity, if document splitting is active.
(4) If there is a legal requirement.
(5) If transaction types were restricted to depreciation areas.

Details about Activities

Note:
For all Customizing activities, it is important to read not only the explanations here, but also the IMG
documentation for the given Customizing activity.
Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

This step is only necessary, if you work with the accounts approach. This step is not relevant if you are using
the ledger approach.

Up to now, you have (as part of the accounts approach) represented one or more additional valuations using
separate periodic-posting or direct-posting depreciation areas that post to separate accounts in the general
ledger. These asset balance sheet accounts were posted directly in Financial Accounting up to now.

In the future, both the leading valuation and parallel valuation post asset values directly to Financial
Accounting. These asset balance sheet accounts are only allowed to be posted by means of Asset Accounting,
and therefore have to be defined as reconciliation accounts.

You have the following options:

You define the asset balance sheet accounts you used up to now (normal balance sheet accounts that
can be posted directly) of the parallel valuation as reconciliation accounts for the future.

In Customizing under Asset Accounting (New) -> Preparations for Production Operation -> Production
Startup -> Accounts Approach: Set/Reset Reconciliation Accounts for Parallel Valuations.

Or: You create new asset balance sheet accounts in your chart of accounts as reconciliation accounts
of Asset Accounting. To do this, proceed as follows:

a) Create the new asset balance sheet accounts as reconciliation accounts in the general
ledger.
On the SAP Easy Access screen: under Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General
Ledger -> Master Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction
FS00)

b) You then have to enter these G/L accounts in the account determination of Asset
Accounting. For the posting depreciation area that represents the parallel valuation, you have
to enter the newly created reconciliation accounts (for example, as balance sheet account for
acquisition and production costs, or accumulated depreciation account for ordinary
depreciation).

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting
-> Assign G/L Accounts

c) Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) ->
Periodic Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

If you are certain that the balance sheet accounts were never posted manually in Financial Accounting in the
past, then you can convert these accounts into reconciliation accounts. If it is not possible to ascertain this,
then we recommend that you create new balance sheet accounts (reconciliation accounts) to make
reconciliation between Financial Accounting and Asset Accounting possible for the future.

In any case, we recommend that you reconcile the asset balance sheet values of Asset Accounting with
General Ledger Accounting in advance, especially for parallel valuations. To do so, use a program for asset
lists in Asset Accounting. In Financial Accounting, you can use the corresponding balance list.
Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update

In this step, you can specify, for each chart of depreciation, the depreciation area you want to use for the
quantity update. This setting is especially relevant if you are using collective low-value assets. The quantities in
the asset master record are only updated if postings are made to the depreciation area specified here.

For each chart of depreciation, the system displays a selection of depreciation areas that are allowed to
manage quantities. The depreciation areas are always the leading/posting depreciation area for the given
valuation.

The Customizing activity is optional. In the standard system (that is, as long as you do not make any settings to
the contrary), the system uses depreciation area 01 for the quantity update.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Depreciation
Area for Quantity Update

Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition

This step is always necessary if you want to post an integrated asset acquisition. You enter the business
transaction for the vendor invoice and the asset acquisition in one step; you enter the accounts for the liability
and the capitalization of the asset and post to them.

It might be the case that you always post your asset acquisitions without integration. That means, as the first
step, you enter the incoming invoice and post against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In the later,
second step, you enter a separate transaction in Asset Accounting and thereby capitalize the asset and post
against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In that case, you do not have to enter this account.

For an integrated asset acquisition posting, the system divides the business transaction into an operational part
and a valuating part:

For the operational part (vendor invoice), the system posts a document valid for all accounting
principles against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical
perspective, the system generates a ledger-group-independent document.

For each valuating part (asset posting with capitalization of the asset), the system generates a
separate document that is valid only for the given accounting principle. This document is also posted
against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical perspective,
the system generates ledger-group-specific documents.

Procedure:

1. Create a new G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. Enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Technical Clearing Account for
Integrated Asset Acquisition

3. Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.
In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

Note:
Check if a different field control is set up in your system, depending on the asset balance sheet account to be
posted or on the given transaction (such as APC or investment support). If this is the case, you need different
technical clearing accounts for integrated asset acquisitions. Proceed as follows:

1. Create another G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code. You have
to define the field status variant for this account differently than the first account.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. You then have to enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your
chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Different Technical Clearing
Account for Required Field Control

3. Assign these G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-Principle-Specific Documents

This step can be necessary, if you use document splitting. In that case, you have to enter an alternative
document type for the valuating document, if you want the document splitting rules to be different for the
business transaction variant of the valuating document (asset acquisition) and the operative document
(Accounts Payable). This step could also be necessary, if your organization requires that the valuating
documents are posted with a different document type than the operational documents.

Procedure:

Check whether you need alternative document types for posting the valuating document, either due to the
definition of document splitting or due to requirements in your organization. If this is necessary, proceed as
follows:

1. Check whether you can use a document type that already exists in the system, or whether you need
a new document type. In the second case, create the document type.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Types

2. Check whether you can use an existing number range for the newly created document type, or
whether you have to create a new number range.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Number Ranges

3. Assign the alternative document type for the posting of your valuating document.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Ledger-Grp-Spec. Docs -> Specify Alternative
Document Type for Acctg-Principle-Specific Documents
4. If you need to use other alternative document types for the valuating document for individual
company codes, you can differentiate them further.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Acctg-Princ.-Spec. Docs -> Define Separate
Document Types by Company Code

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system is to distribute revenues arising from asset
retirements: either based on the net book value or on APC. In the standard system, the distribution is based on
the net book value.

Check the distribution of revenue for your company codes, and adjust the distribution as necessary to meet
your requirements.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Define
Revenue Distribution for Fixed Asset Retirement

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system posts during an asset retirement due to sale or
scrapping. In the standard system, the system posts a gain or loss. As another option, you can choose to post
the net book value of the assets instead for a depreciation area. In that case, the system posts the net book
value to the account for clearing of revenue from asset sales or for clearing of revenue from asset sales to
affiliated companies.

Note:
This posting variant is not allowed in most countries. In some countries, such as France, however, it is a legal
requirement.

Check whether it is a legal requirement to post the net book value for individual areas, and adjust your settings
accordingly.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Post
Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss -> Sub activity Specify Depreciation Areas for Net Book Value Posting

Check Transaction Types

If you were using transaction types that were restricted to certain depreciation areas, then you can no longer
use these transaction types. Check whether your existing transaction types that are not restricted to
depreciation areas are sufficient. Otherwise you have to create new transaction types (that correspond to the
previous restricted ones) that do not have restrictions to depreciation areas.

(To restrict a business transaction to a given valuation in new Asset Accounting, you enter a restriction to an
accounting principle or depreciation area when you post the transaction.)

Investment support and also revaluation and new valuation are an exception:

The transaction types for investment support and revaluation are automatically generated by the
system when you create a corresponding measure, and therefore are restricted to the depreciation
area to be posted to.
The transaction types for revaluation and new valuation that relate to transaction type group 81/82/89
can continue to be restricted to depreciation areas.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Overview for Experts -> Check Transaction Types

In new Asset Accounting you can flag existing transaction types as obsolete:

Transaction types that should no longer be used for postings for organizational reasons

Transaction types that you are no longer allowed to use for postings due to technical reasons as these
were restricted to certain depreciation areas in the past

If you set the obsolete indicator for a transaction type, this has the following effects:

The transaction type is no longer proposed in the input help when you make postings.

It is still used for reporting purposes though.

See also the direct help for field Transaction Type Is Obsolete. ( Perform Additional Manual
Activities
Use

After the migration of the charts of depreciation, you have to make more Customizing settings before you can
check and activate new Asset Accounting.

If you have already been using classic Asset Accounting, then you have to make settings for new and changed
functions (delta Customizing).

In the downstream system (the test system and production system), it is only necessary to manually create the
master data described below.

The following explanations deal only with delta Customizing. It is important to read the documentation of the
given Customizing activity.

Delta Customizing consists of the settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) that are described below:

Activities

Overview

The following table shows an overview of the manual activities that you have to execute, depending on your
starting situation:

Starting Situations:
I. Classic General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
II. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, accounts approach
III. New General Ledger Accounting, classic Asset Accounting, ledger approach

Starting Starting Starting


Situation I Situation II Situation III
Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel
Required Required Not Relevant (1)
Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update Optional Optional Optional

Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset


Required (2) Required (2) Required (2)
Acquisition (2)

Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-


Optional Optional (3) Optional (3)
Principle-Specific Documents

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement Optional Optional Optional

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss (4) Required Required Required

Check Transaction Types (5) Required Required Required

Explanation:
(1) Only valid for accounts approach
(2) A required activity, if integrated asset acquisitions are to be posted
(3) Can be a required activity, if document splitting is active.
(4) If there is a legal requirement.
(5) If transaction types were restricted to depreciation areas.

Details about Activities

Note:
For all Customizing activities, it is important to read not only the explanations here, but also the IMG
documentation for the given Customizing activity.

Define Asset Balance Sheet Accounts of Parallel Valuation as Reconciliation Accounts

This step is only necessary, if you work with the accounts approach. This step is not relevant if you are using
the ledger approach.

Up to now, you have (as part of the accounts approach) represented one or more additional valuations using
separate periodic-posting or direct-posting depreciation areas that post to separate accounts in the general
ledger. These asset balance sheet accounts were posted directly in Financial Accounting up to now.

In the future, both the leading valuation and parallel valuation post asset values directly to Financial
Accounting. These asset balance sheet accounts are only allowed to be posted by means of Asset Accounting,
and therefore have to be defined as reconciliation accounts.

You have the following options:

You define the asset balance sheet accounts you used up to now (normal balance sheet accounts that
can be posted directly) of the parallel valuation as reconciliation accounts for the future.

In Customizing under Asset Accounting (New) -> Preparations for Production Operation -> Production
Startup -> Accounts Approach: Set/Reset Reconciliation Accounts for Parallel Valuations.

Or: You create new asset balance sheet accounts in your chart of accounts as reconciliation accounts
of Asset Accounting. To do this, proceed as follows:
a) Create the new asset balance sheet accounts as reconciliation accounts in the general
ledger.
On the SAP Easy Access screen: under Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General
Ledger -> Master Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction
FS00)

b) You then have to enter these G/L accounts in the account determination of Asset
Accounting. For the posting depreciation area that represents the parallel valuation, you have
to enter the newly created reconciliation accounts (for example, as balance sheet account for
acquisition and production costs, or accumulated depreciation account for ordinary
depreciation).

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting
-> Assign G/L Accounts

c) Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) ->
Periodic Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

If you are certain that the balance sheet accounts were never posted manually in Financial Accounting in the
past, then you can convert these accounts into reconciliation accounts. If it is not possible to ascertain this,
then we recommend that you create new balance sheet accounts (reconciliation accounts) to make
reconciliation between Financial Accounting and Asset Accounting possible for the future.

In any case, we recommend that you reconcile the asset balance sheet values of Asset Accounting with
General Ledger Accounting in advance, especially for parallel valuations. To do so, use a program for asset
lists in Asset Accounting. In Financial Accounting, you can use the corresponding balance list.

Define Depreciation Area for Quantity Update

In this step, you can specify, for each chart of depreciation, the depreciation area you want to use for the
quantity update. This setting is especially relevant if you are using collective low-value assets. The quantities in
the asset master record are only updated if postings are made to the depreciation area specified here.

For each chart of depreciation, the system displays a selection of depreciation areas that are allowed to
manage quantities. The depreciation areas are always the leading/posting depreciation area for the given
valuation.

The Customizing activity is optional. In the standard system (that is, as long as you do not make any settings to
the contrary), the system uses depreciation area 01 for the quantity update.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Specify Depreciation
Area for Quantity Update

Define Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition

This step is always necessary if you want to post an integrated asset acquisition. You enter the business
transaction for the vendor invoice and the asset acquisition in one step; you enter the accounts for the liability
and the capitalization of the asset and post to them.

It might be the case that you always post your asset acquisitions without integration. That means, as the first
step, you enter the incoming invoice and post against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In the later,
second step, you enter a separate transaction in Asset Accounting and thereby capitalize the asset and post
against a clearing account for asset acquisitions. In that case, you do not have to enter this account.
For an integrated asset acquisition posting, the system divides the business transaction into an operational part
and a valuating part:

For the operational part (vendor invoice), the system posts a document valid for all accounting
principles against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical
perspective, the system generates a ledger-group-independent document.

For each valuating part (asset posting with capitalization of the asset), the system generates a
separate document that is valid only for the given accounting principle. This document is also posted
against the technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions. From a technical perspective,
the system generates ledger-group-specific documents.

Procedure:

1. Create a new G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. Enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Technical Clearing Account for
Integrated Asset Acquisition

3. Assign the newly created G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions

Note:
Check if a different field control is set up in your system, depending on the asset balance sheet account to be
posted or on the given transaction (such as APC or investment support). If this is the case, you need different
technical clearing accounts for integrated asset acquisitions. Proceed as follows:

1. Create another G/L account called technical clearing account for integrated asset acquisitions as a
reconciliation account for asset accounts in the chart of accounts and in the company code. You have
to define the field status variant for this account differently than the first account.

On the SAP Easy Access screen: Accounting -> Financial Accounting -> General Ledger -> Master
Records -> G/L Accounts -> Individual Processing -> Centrally (transaction FS00)

2. You then have to enter this G/L account in the account determination of Asset Accounting for your
chart of accounts.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Technical Clearing Account for Integrated Asset Acquisition -> Define Different Technical Clearing
Account for Required Field Control

3. Assign these G/L accounts to your balance sheet structure.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> General Ledger Accounting (New) -> Periodic
Processing -> Document -> Define Financial Statement Versions
Specify Alternative Document Type for Accounting-Principle-Specific Documents

This step can be necessary, if you use document splitting. In that case, you have to enter an alternative
document type for the valuating document, if you want the document splitting rules to be different for the
business transaction variant of the valuating document (asset acquisition) and the operative document
(Accounts Payable). This step could also be necessary, if your organization requires that the valuating
documents are posted with a different document type than the operational documents.

Procedure:

Check whether you need alternative document types for posting the valuating document, either due to the
definition of document splitting or due to requirements in your organization. If this is necessary, proceed as
follows:

1. Check whether you can use a document type that already exists in the system, or whether you need
a new document type. In the second case, create the document type.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Types

2. Check whether you can use an existing number range for the newly created document type, or
whether you have to create a new number range.

In Customizing: under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) ->
Document -> Document Number Ranges

3. Assign the alternative document type for the posting of your valuating document.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Ledger-Grp-Spec. Docs -> Specify Alternative
Document Type for Acctg-Principle-Specific Documents

4. If you need to use other alternative document types for the valuating document for individual
company codes, you can differentiate them further.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Integration with General Ledger Accounting ->
Integrated Transactions: Alternative Doc. Type for Acctg-Princ.-Spec. Docs -> Define Separate
Document Types by Company Code

Specify Revenue Distribution for Asset Retirement

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system is to distribute revenues arising from asset
retirements: either based on the net book value or on APC. In the standard system, the distribution is based on
the net book value.

Check the distribution of revenue for your company codes, and adjust the distribution as necessary to meet
your requirements.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Define
Revenue Distribution for Fixed Asset Retirement

Post Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss

In this step, you specify at company code level how the system posts during an asset retirement due to sale or
scrapping. In the standard system, the system posts a gain or loss. As another option, you can choose to post
the net book value of the assets instead for a depreciation area. In that case, the system posts the net book
value to the account for clearing of revenue from asset sales or for clearing of revenue from asset sales to
affiliated companies.

Note:
This posting variant is not allowed in most countries. In some countries, such as France, however, it is a legal
requirement.

Check whether it is a legal requirement to post the net book value for individual areas, and adjust your settings
accordingly.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Transactions -> Retirements -> Gain/Loss Posting -> Post
Net Book Value Instead of Gain/Loss -> Sub activity Specify Depreciation Areas for Net Book Value Posting

Check Transaction Types

If you were using transaction types that were restricted to certain depreciation areas, then you can no longer
use these transaction types. Check whether your existing transaction types that are not restricted to
depreciation areas are sufficient. Otherwise you have to create new transaction types (that correspond to the
previous restricted ones) that do not have restrictions to depreciation areas.

(To restrict a business transaction to a given valuation in new Asset Accounting, you enter a restriction to an
accounting principle or depreciation area when you post the transaction.)

Investment support and also revaluation and new valuation are an exception:

The transaction types for investment support and revaluation are automatically generated by the
system when you create a corresponding measure, and therefore are restricted to the depreciation
area to be posted to.

The transaction types for revaluation and new valuation that relate to transaction type group 81/82/89
can continue to be restricted to depreciation areas.

In Customizing: under Asset Accounting (New) -> Overview for Experts -> Check Transaction Types

In new Asset Accounting you can flag existing transaction types as obsolete:

Transaction types that should no longer be used for postings for organizational reasons

Transaction types that you are no longer allowed to use for postings due to technical reasons as these
were restricted to certain depreciation areas in the past

If you set the obsolete indicator for a transaction type, this has the following effects:

The transaction type is no longer proposed in the input help when you make postings.

It is still used for reporting purposes though.

See also the direct help for field Transaction Type Is Obsolete.

)
Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset Accounting (New)
Use

In order to be able to use new Asset Accounting as an application in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA,
you must execute the following steps:

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation


Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset
1. Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
Accounting
Install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP simple
2.
Accounting finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General Ledger
3.
Ledger Accounting Accounting.
Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset
4. Activity Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Accounting.
Make additional manual settings in Customizing for new
5. Activity Perform Additional Manual Activities
Asset Accounting.
Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset
6. Current Customizing activity
Accounting.
Customizing activity Activate New Asset
7. Activate the Customizing switch
Accounting

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):

Step
Explanation
No.
Activity Prepare Asset Accounting
8. Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting
(New)
9. Lock the test system and production system to posting.
Install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the
10.
Accounting SAP simple finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General
11.
Ledger Accounting Ledger Accounting.
12. Create necessary master data. See step 5 for the Customizing system.
Import the new Customizing settings into your production
13.
system.
Check in the production system whether the transport
14.
successfully imported the activated Customizing switch.
15. Unlock the production system for postings.

In this Customizing activity, you check the following:

In the Customizing system:


You check if the prerequisites for activating new Asset Accounting are met.

Only in case of errors: in the downstream system (test system, production system):
During the import to the downstream system, the switch for new Asset Accounting could not be set to
Active, but instead is set to Active (Posting Not Possible in Client), for example.
In that case, check which prerequisites are not met.
Note: It is extremely important to avoid this situation by fully and successfully completing the activities
described in steps 8 and 9.

The individual prerequisites for activating new Asset Accounting are listed in Customizing for Asset Accounting
(New) under Prepare New Asset Accounting.

The check program on which this activity is based can be started at the following times:

Step
System Start Time Necessity
No.
Customizing Before activation of new Asset
6. Manual Mandatory activity
System Accounting
Downstream Recommended Activity (as a
14. Manual After import of Customizing changes
Systems Check)
Downstream When new Customizing settings are
-- Automatic Mandatory activity (automatic)
Systems being imported

Activities

Execute the activity.

Note the messages in the application log.

The following applies to the check started manually in the Customizing system: If the check is positive,
activate new Asset Accounting in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) under Activate New Asset
Accounting. ( Activate Asset Accounting (New)
Use

In order to be able to use new Asset Accounting in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA, you must execute
the following steps:

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation


Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset
1. Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
Accounting
Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP
2.
Accounting Simple Finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General Ledger
3.
Ledger Accounting Accounting.
Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset
4. Activity Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Accounting.
Make additional manual settings in Customizing for
5. Activity Perform Additional Manual Activities
new Asset Accounting.
Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset Activity Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset
6.
Accounting. Accounting (New)
7. Activate the Customizing switch Current Customizing activity

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):


No. Step Explanation
8. Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
9. Lock the test system and production system to posting.
Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the
10.
Accounting SAP Simple Finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General Ledger See the Migration Guide for General
11.
Accounting Ledger Accounting.
12. Create necessary master data. See step 5 for the Customizing system.
Import the new Customizing settings into your production
13.
system.
Check in the production system whether the transport
14.
successfully imported the activated Customizing switch.
15. Unlock the production system for postings.

You use this activity to activate new Asset Accounting in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA.

Requirements

You have performed the following steps from the sequence of steps listed above:

In the Customizing system: steps 1 to 6 oder

In the downstream system (test system or production system): steps 8 to 12.

The activation of the Customizing switch is transported with the import of the Customizing changes to
a downstream system.

For more information, see Prepare New Asset Accounting and Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset
Accounting (New).

Standard settings

In the Customizing system, you activate the new functions for new Asset Accounting by selecting the option
Active in the New Asset Accounting group box in this activity. When you save, the system performs various
checks before it actually saves this setting. This includes the following checks:

Have all direct postings been made to the general ledger (also called V2 postings)?

Have all periodic postings (using program RAPERB2000) to the general ledger been completed?

Are your Customizing settings consistent?

If the system has performed the checks successfully and saved the settings, new Asset Accounting is active
and you can post using the new posting logic from this point on.

New Asset Accounting is activated in the downstream systems, the test system and production system when
you also transport this setting to the respective systems. The same checks (see above) are also performed
following the transport. If these checks are not successful, the switch in this activity receives the status Active
(Posting Not Possible in Client).

Activities
Activate new Asset Accounting by selecting the option Active in the New Asset Accounting group box in this
activity and then saving.

Transport the changes to the downstream system (test system or production system) in order to set the
Customizing switch there to Active.

See also

It might be that you do not want to change the value for the Customizing switch for new Asset Accounting and
additional configuration data using a transport, but instead you want to change them directly in the client
(Customizing client or test client, for example). To do so, you can run a program to execute the check and
activation that otherwise tak place during the transport. For more information, see the documentation of the
program Check of Prerequisites for Parallel Valuation in FI-AA (New) ( RACHECK_ACTIVATION_PARVAL).

Activate Asset Accounting (New)


Use

In order to be able to use new Asset Accounting in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA, you must execute
the following steps:

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation


Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset
1. Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
Accounting
Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP
2.
Accounting Simple Finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General Ledger
3.
Ledger Accounting Accounting.
Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset
4. Activity Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Accounting.
Make additional manual settings in Customizing for
5. Activity Perform Additional Manual Activities
new Asset Accounting.
Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset Activity Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset
6.
Accounting. Accounting (New)
7. Activate the Customizing switch Current Customizing activity

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):

No. Step Explanation


8. Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
9. Lock the test system and production system to posting.
Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the
10.
Accounting SAP Simple Finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General Ledger See the Migration Guide for General
11.
Accounting Ledger Accounting.
12. Create necessary master data. See step 5 for the Customizing system.
Import the new Customizing settings into your production
13.
system.
Check in the production system whether the transport
14.
successfully imported the activated Customizing switch.
15. Unlock the production system for postings.

You use this activity to activate new Asset Accounting in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA.

Requirements

You have performed the following steps from the sequence of steps listed above:

In the Customizing system: steps 1 to 6 oder

In the downstream system (test system or production system): steps 8 to 12.

The activation of the Customizing switch is transported with the import of the Customizing changes to
a downstream system.

For more information, see Prepare New Asset Accounting and Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset
Accounting (New). (Check Prerequisites for Activating Asset Accounting
(New)
Use

In order to be able to use new Asset Accounting as an application in SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA,
you must execute the following steps:

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation


Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset
1. Activity Prepare Asset Accounting (New)
Accounting
Install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP simple
2.
Accounting finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General Ledger
3.
Ledger Accounting Accounting.
Migrate the charts of depreciation for new Asset
4. Activity Migrate Charts of Depreciation
Accounting.
Make additional manual settings in Customizing for new
5. Activity Perform Additional Manual Activities
Asset Accounting.
Check the prerequisites for activating new Asset
6. Current Customizing activity
Accounting.
Customizing activity Activate New Asset
7. Activate the Customizing switch
Accounting

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):


Step
Explanation
No.
Activity Prepare Asset Accounting
8. Create prerequisites for the use of new Asset Accounting
(New)
9. Lock the test system and production system to posting.
Install the SAP simple finance add-on with new Asset See the Administrator's Guide for the
10.
Accounting SAP simple finance add-on
Follow the relevant steps for migrating to new General See the Migration Guide for General
11.
Ledger Accounting Ledger Accounting.
12. Create necessary master data. See step 5 for the Customizing system.
Import the new Customizing settings into your production
13.
system.
Check in the production system whether the transport
14.
successfully imported the activated Customizing switch.
15. Unlock the production system for postings.

In this Customizing activity, you check the following:

In the Customizing system:


You check if the prerequisites for activating new Asset Accounting are met.

Only in case of errors: in the downstream system (test system, production system):
During the import to the downstream system, the switch for new Asset Accounting could not be set to
Active, but instead is set to Active (Posting Not Possible in Client), for example.

In that case, check which prerequisites are not met.


Note: It is extremely important to avoid this situation by fully and successfully completing the activities
described in steps 8 and 9.

The individual prerequisites for activating new Asset Accounting are listed in Customizing for Asset Accounting
(New) under Prepare New Asset Accounting.

The check program on which this activity is based can be started at the following times:

Step
System Start Time Necessity
No.
Customizing Before activation of new Asset
6. Manual Mandatory activity
System Accounting
Downstream Recommended Activity (as a
14. Manual After import of Customizing changes
Systems Check)
Downstream When new Customizing settings are
-- Automatic Mandatory activity (automatic)
Systems being imported

Activities

Execute the activity.

Note the messages in the application log.

The following applies to the check started manually in the Customizing system: If the check is positive, activate
new Asset Accounting in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New) under Activate New Asset Accounting.
)

Standard settings

In the Customizing system, you activate the new functions for new Asset Accounting by selecting the option
Active in the New Asset Accounting group box in this activity. When you save, the system performs various
checks before it actually saves this setting. This includes the following checks:

Have all direct postings been made to the general ledger (also called V2 postings)?

Have all periodic postings (using program RAPERB2000) to the general ledger been completed?

Are your Customizing settings consistent?

If the system has performed the checks successfully and saved the settings, new Asset Accounting is active
and you can post using the new posting logic from this point on.

New Asset Accounting is activated in the downstream systems, the test system and production system when
you also transport this setting to the respective systems. The same checks (see above) are also performed
following the transport. If these checks are not successful, the switch in this activity receives the status Active
(Posting Not Possible in Client).

Activities

Activate new Asset Accounting by selecting the option Active in the New Asset Accounting group box in this
activity and then saving.

Transport the changes to the downstream system (test system or production system) in order to set the
Customizing switch there to Active.

See also

It might be that you do not want to change the value for the Customizing switch for new Asset Accounting and
additional configuration data using a transport, but instead you want to change them directly in the client
(Customizing client or test client, for example). To do so, you can run a program to execute the check and
activation that otherwise tak place during the transport. For more information, see the documentation of the
program Check of Prerequisites for Parallel Valuation in FI-AA (New) ( RACHECK_ACTIVATION_PARVAL).

Info: Adjustments in New Asset Accounting


Use

The following activities are relevant for you if you are already using new Asset Accounting. One of the
following scenarios is applicable:

You have activated the business function FI-AA, Parallel Valuation (FIN_AA_PARALLEL_VAL) in
SAP enhancement package 7 for SAP ERP 6.0, or

you are already using SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA 1.0with new Asset Accounting.
Note:
The SAP Simple Finance add-on for SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA (short: SAP Simple Finance
add-on) contains the product SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA. New Asset Accounting is part of SAP
Accounting powered by SAP HANA.

If you want to migrate to SAP Accounting powered by SAP HANA 1.0, you must ensure that all
prerequisites are met. You must also adjust some settings in Customizing. You must then migrate the
documents. Finally, you must initially build the depreciation values of your fixed assets (see Build
Depreciation Values). ( Calculate Initial Depreciation Values
Use

The determination of the cumulative depreciation of an asset and the posting of depreciation expense takes
place in the system at different points in time:

1. The planned depreciation is determined with each master record change and with each posting on
the asset and updated in the database accordingly.
2. The depreciation run adopts the planned asset values and posts them in Financial Accounting. The
posting document is updated in Financial Accounting at asset level.

You use this activity to initially build the planned depreciation values for Asset Accounting.

This activity is based on program Calculate Depreciation. For more information, see the program
documentation Calculate Depreciation (FAA_DEPRECIATION_CALCULATE).

Requirements

You have performed the following migration steps:

You have migrated the Customizing data for Asset Accounting. And, if you until now used classic
Asset Accounting, you have activated new Asset Accounting.

You have migrated the transaction data of General Ledger Accounting and Asset Accounting.

You execute this activity with the migration after you have migrated the transaction data. However, if you have
difficulty doing this due to time and resource restraints, it is possible to defer the execution of this activity. You
must ensure however that the activity is executed at the latest by the time the first run takes place to post
depreciation.

Activities

You run the program with the following settings:

General selections

Do not specify any restrictions in the General Selections.

Further Options

Caution: Please read the recommendations in the program documentation Calculate Depreciation
(FAA_DEPRECIATION_CALCULATE) about possible system overload.

Parameters for test run


Execute the program in an update run.

The following explanations contain only details about the prerequisites and adjustments to Customizing settings
in Asset Accounting. The migration of documents from Asset Accounting must then occur with the migration of
documents from the general ledger.

Overview of Steps

The steps differ depending on whether you are in the Customizing system or in a downstream system (test
system, production system).

Steps in the Customizing system:

No. Step Explanation

1. Meeting Prerequisites See the "Prerequisites" section below.

Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP Simple
2.
upgrade Finance add-on

Migrate the Customizing settings for new General See the Migration Guide for new General Ledger
3.
Ledger Accounting. Accounting.

Current activity and following activity; see the


4. Adjust Customizing Settings
"Activities" section below.

Steps in downstream system (test system, production system):

No. Step Explanation

5. Meeting Prerequisites See the "Prerequisites" section below.

Lock the test system and production system to


6.
posting.

Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release See the Administrator's Guide for the SAP Simple
7.
upgrade Finance add-on

Import the new Customizing settings into your


8.
production system.

Check in your production system whether the


9.
transport was successful.

10. Unlock the production system for postings.

Caution:
Immediately after you have installed the SAP Simple Finance add-on (step 2 in the Customizing system or step
7 in the test and production system) and immediately after the release upgrade, postings are no longer
possible in Asset Accounting. You can post using the new logic only after migrating your Customizing settings
and transaction data (documents).

Requirements

Steps 1 and 5: Meeting Prerequisites

(Number sequence for the steps: See above.)

Check deactivated company codes

Check whether you can completely archive documents from deactivated company codes (this means company
codes that only allow subsequent reporting).

If you do not archive the documents of the company code, you must do the following:

You must migrate the documents with the document migration; and

You must migrate the assigned chart of depreciation.

Perform a preliminary check

Before you install the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release upgrade, you have to ensure that the
prerequisites are met. You can do this automatically using program RASFIN_MIGR_PRECHECK for an initial
check. You import the newest version of the program using SAP Note 1939592 before installing the SAP
Simple Finance add-on or before installing the release upgrade in your system. Perform this check in all of
your systems - in the Customizing system as well as in the test system and production system.

The individual prerequisites:

Make sure that period-end closing was performed (the following programs (among others):
RAPOST2000, RAPERB2000, reconciliation of the asset subsidiary ledger with the general ledger
(account balance list and asset list, RAABST01, RAABST02)); if you install the SAP Simple Finance
add-on or release upgrade at the close of the fiscal year, you should also perform year-end closing.

Lock the users to ensure that no additional postings are made.

Make sure that the periodic asset postings (with program RAPERB2000) are completed.

Also ensure that there are no update terminations from direct postings in the system.

Caution:
You can only post again once the migration was successfully completed. To make sure the installation of the
migration or the release upgrade are successful, you must ensure the completeness of postings for period-end
closing before the installation or release upgrade.

You are only allowed to perform the next steps once you have made sure that your system meets the
prerequisites for installing the SAP Simple Finance add-on or for the release upgrade by using the program
mentioned above for preliminary checks, RASFIN_MIGR_PRECHECK.
When to install the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release upgrade

From the point of view of Asset Accounting, you can install the SAP Simple Finance add-on 2.0 or higher, or
the release upgrade at any time; however, it is a requirement that a period-end closing must have been
completed.

You need to have fully completed all periodic and current posting processes that involve Asset Accounting. You
must not make any postings during the changeover.

Activities

Steps 2 and 7: Install the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release upgrade

You start the installation of the SAP Simple Finance add-on or release upgrade. Starting from this point in time,
it is no longer possible to post in Asset Accounting. Posting is only possible again after you have completed
the migration of Customizing data and transaction data (documents).

Step 4: Adjust Customizing Settings


I. Check/create accounting principles

If until now you have been using new Asset Accounting from SAP enhancement package 7 for SAP ERP 6.0
with new General Ledger Accounting, check whether accounting principles for your leading and parallel
valuations exist in your system. If not, then create them.

You check and change Customizing for accounting principles in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New)
-> Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Parallel Accounting -> Define Accounting
Principles.

II. Check ledgers and ledger groups

The following applies to the ledger approach: One ledger with a ledger group has to exist in the system for
each valuation, so for the leading valuation and the parallel valuation. This is normally ledger 0L for the leading
ledger with ledger group 0L.

The following applies for the accounts approach: The leading ledger with the ledger group has to have been
created in the system. This represents your leading valuation. For each parallel valuation, you have to create a
(new) ledger group that also contains the leading ledger as a representative ledger.
The leading ledger 0L with ledger group 0L is usually created by default in the system.

Check which ledgers and ledger groups have been created and are being used in the system.

You change Customizing for ledgers in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting
Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Define Ledgers for General Ledger Accounting.

You change Customizing for ledger groups in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial
Accounting Global Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> Define Ledger Group.

III. Assign accounting principles to ledger groups

Assign the accounting principle to the ledger group for each valuation that is represented by a depreciation
area in your chart of depreciation.
You change the assignment in Customizing under Financial Accounting (New) -> Financial Accounting Global
Settings (New) -> Ledgers -> ->Parallel Accounting -> Assign Accounting Principle to Ledger Groups.

IV. Define settings for the journal entry of the ledger

Check the assignment of the accounting principle for the combination of ledger and company code in
Customizing under Define Settings for Journal Entry of Ledger.

V. Adjust parameters in chart of depreciation

You can either migrate the charts of depreciation automatically using the program, or adjust them manually.

You adjust the parameters in your active charts of depreciation in Customizing for Asset Accounting (new)
under Adjust Parameters in Chart of Depreciation.

Then call the log to check whether the changes are complete.

Other Activities

If until now you were using new Asset Accounting from SAP enhancement package 7 for SAP ERP 6.0 with
new General Ledger Accounting and used the Business Add-In (BAdI) Restrict Transaction Types to
Depreciation Areas, you must now check your transaction types and - if necessary - create new
transaction types without restrictions on depreciation areas.

Check your transaction types in Customizing under Asset Accounting (New) -> Overview for Experts -> Check
Transaction Types.

You can flag transaction types that you are no longer allowed to use for postings due to technical reasons, as
these were restricted to certain depreciation areas in the past, as obsolete.

If you set the obsolete indicator for a transaction type, this has the following effects:

The transaction type is no longer proposed in the input help when you make postings.

It is still used for reporting purposes though.

See also the direct help for field Transaction Type Is Obsolete.

Adjust Parameters in Chart of Depreciation


Use

You are already using new Asset Accounting. This activity supports you in adjusting the parameters for charts
of depreciation.

You can use this activity, if necessary, to make the following adjustments:

Assign accounting principle:


An accounting principle is assigned to each depreciation area, even the non-posting depreciation
areas. The system derives the accounting principle from the relevant ledger group that is already
assigned to the depreciation area.
Note the following: For each set of depreciation areas that is assigned to the same accounting
principle, only one depreciation area is allowed to manage acquisition and production costs (APC) and
have the option Area Posts in Realtime or Area Posts APC Immediately, Depreciation Periodically.

Change posting indicator for posting to the general ledger for depreciation areas that until now posted
periodically:

The system changes the settings for posting in the general ledger as follows: Depreciation areas that
represent reserves for special depreciation, for example, in future post immediately to the general
ledger and receive the option Depreciation Area Posts Balance Sheet Value Immediately, Depreciation
Periodically.

Requirements

You have made sure that the following prerequisites are met:

Before installing the SAP Simple Finance add-on or before the release upgrade:

o All periodical APC postings are completed (program RAPERB2000), and there are no update
terminations from direct postings in the system.

After installing the SAP Simple Finance add-on or after the release upgrade:

o You have checked the accounting principles and created new ones, if necessary.

o You have checked the ledgers and ledger groups.

o You have assigned the accounting principles to ledger groups.

o You have assigned a ledger and an accounting principle to the company codes used in Asset
Accounting.

For more information about prerequisites, see Info: Adjustments in new Asset Accounting.

Activities

1. Adjust the parameters for one or more charts of depreciation in a test run first.

2. Check the applicable log, and correct the errors.

3. Perform the activity in an update run.

You can display the log of the test run or update run about the adjustments made in Customizing for Asset
Accounting (new) under Display Migration Log.

Check adjusted charts of depreciation or adjust the parameters for the charts of depreciation
manually.

You have to adjust the charts of depreciation manually in the following cases:
The parameters of your chart of depreciation could not be adjusted automatically because the starting
situation defined in your system is not recognized by the program.

You want to adjust the parameters of the charts of depreciation manually in any case.

You have charts of depreciation in your system that are assigned to a deactivated company code. This
means they are assigned to a company code that only allows subsequent reporting. The data of this
deactivated company code is still not archived; it must therefore be migrated with the document
migration. You must therefore definitely migrate this chart of depreciation manually.

This is possible at any time by making the following settings in Customizing for Asset Accounting (New):

1. Assign accounting principles and ledger groups to depreciation areas:

under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

2. Change settings for posting to the general ledger for depreciation areas that until now posted
periodically:

under Asset Accounting (New) -> Valuation -> Depreciation Areas -> Define Depreciation Areas

You can also use these activites, if you want to check the Customizing settings after the parameters of the
charts of depreciation have been adjusted automatically.

See also

This activity is based on program Adjust Parameters in Chart of Depreciation. For more information, see the
program documentation Adjust Parameters in Chart of Depreciation.