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y = g x^2

2V^2
V = 0.9 m/sec
g = 9.81 m/sec2
x 0 0.25 1 1.5 2 2.3 3 3.5 4
y 0.000 0.378 6.056 13.625 24.222 32.034 54.500 74.181 96.889

0 0.25 1 1.5 2 2.3

0.000 0.378 6.056 13.625 24.222 32.034

472.65
471.1
1.55

7.9
4.5 5 5.5
122.625 151.389 183.181

2.259

4.905
2.214723
3. DESIGN OF BASIN BLOCK
6cbc = 7 Mpa 300 mm
6st = 190 Mpa Basin Block
0.40
Modular ratio (m) 280/(3*6 cbc)
= 13.33
K = 1 = 0.33 59 kN 1.50 m
1+(6 st / m x 6 cbc)
j = 0.89 0.875 m
Q = 1.028

W Unit Weight of water= 10 kN/m^3 Base Slab


A Area of jet = x (0.45)^2/4
= 0.16 m^2
V Velocity of the jet = (2 x g x H)^0.5

For a head of 18 m ,velocity of the jet


= ( 2 x 981x 18.0 )^0.5
= 19 m/s
F Force exerted by the jet of fluid on Basin Block = (W x A x V^2)
g
F = 10 x 0.16 x 361
9.81
= 59 kN

M Moment @ base = 59 x 0.875 m

= 51.625 kNm

Depth Required dreq = (M/Q x b)^0.5

= 225 mm

Depth Provided = 300 mm

Effective depth dprov = 255 mm

Area of steel reinforcement = M/(6st x j x d)


required
= 51.6 x 10^6
190*0.89*255
= 1198 mm^2
Spacing of steel = 167.75 mm
for 16 mm dia bars

Provide 16 mm Dia bars @ 110 c/c

Check for shear

V @ base = 59 kN

v = 0.20 Mpa

Steel area provided = 0.25 % of bd

c for M20 concrete and 0.2 % of steel


= 0.2 Mpa