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BACKGROUND

LITERATURE REVIEW

OBJECTIVE AND SCOPE (IMPORTANCE OF THIS PROJECT)

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

HYPOTHESIS

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTERS SUMMARY

OECD,
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the paper discussed on how competition policy and consumer protection
s h a r e common goals and how they complement each other. The two policies share a
common goalthat is both aim at the welfare of consumer, they both speak the same language with
the samegoal. In this case this research paper will research if there is a need of having
two legislationsw i t h t h e s a m e a i m , t h e p a p e r w i l l e v a l u a t e i f c o m p e t i t i o n l a w
is effective tool to
protectc o n s u m e r s o r t h e r e a r e s o m e c o n s u m e r s p r o b l e m s t h a t
c a n n o t b e p r o t e c t e d u n d e r competition
legislations.T h e W T O c e n t r e f o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l t r a d e , E c o n o m i c s a n d E
n v i r o n m e n t , u n d e r C U T S International conferences on competition policy
published an article
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f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f helping consumers to generate minimum awareness on anti-
competitive behaviours in themarket. So that consumers can alert the government as
well as competition authority in
thei m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f c o m p e t i t i o n l e g i s l a t i o n s . F u r t h e r m o r e t h e a r t i c l e r a i
s e e m p h a s i s t h a t , consumers gain a lot from healthy competition in the market, due
to the fact that competitionenables undertakings to function efficiently. Also competition
presents to consumers a greater c h o i c e o f p r o d u c t s a t l o w e r p r i c e s . T h e a r t i c l e
p u r p o r t s t h a t d e v e l o p i n g c o u n t r i e s s h o u l d design their competition structure
based on their economic, social and historical factor not based on the developed
nations.C U T S I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n f e r e n c e o n c o m p e t i t i o n p o l i c y,
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t h i s a r t i c l e h a s a r e p o r t o n competition regime in Tanzania, it makes a
critical analysis and review of the competitionstructure and regime in Tanzania. The
research was conducted during the period when theFair Trade Practices was in the
process been amend to Fair Competition Act. Therefore it is based on the first competition
act of Tanzania, as opposed to this research will go further intoassessing the competition
regime of Tanzania basing on the new Competition Act, that is theFair Competition Act
of
2003.T h e r e p o r t n a r r a t e s t h a t c o m p e t i t i o n p o l i c y a n d l a w s h o u l d a t t
a c h t o t h e p r o c e s s o f liberalisation, privatization and de-regulation in
Tanzania. The enactment of the
TanzaniaT r a d e P r a c t i c e s A c t i s t h e m i l e s t o n e o f T a n z a n i a c o m p e t i t i
on regime, as it protects
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OECD,global forum on competition, interference between competition law and consumer
welfare,DAG/COMP/GF/2008 at http://www.oecd.org/competition01/07/2009
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CUTS, Competition policy & law made easy, monographs on investment and competition policy,
no.8 (CUTScentre for international trade, economics and environment 2001) pg 1-20
20
CUTS, Competition Law and Policy a tool for Development in Tanzania (Japur printer P. LTD
2002) pg12

c o n s u m e r s i n t e r e s t i n t h e m a r k e t f o u n d a t i o n e c o n o m y. T h e r e p o r t h a s
structured downsections from the act which shows references to the
c o n s u m e r s i n t e r e s t . F i n a l l y, i n t h e c o n c l u s i o n t h e r e p o r t r e c o m m e n d t h a t
more studies of competition policies and law
arei n d i s p e n s a b l e i n T a n z a n i a , a s w e l l a s t h e s i g n i f i c a n t a r e a o f c o
n s u m e r p r o t e c t i o n a n d advocacy.
1.3Objectives of the Study
This study seeks to find a better means for enforcement of the competition law in Tanzania.
Itr a i s e s s e r i o u s c o n c e r n o v e r t h e s t a t e o f T a n z a n i a c o m p e t i t i o n A c t i n
r e l a t i o n t o c o n s u m e r protection. The study narrates and analyse the research
findings and gives recommendationst h e r e t o . E v e n t u a l l y t h i s w o r k w i l l
r e l a t i v e l y c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f i n t e r a c t i o n between competition law
and consumer protection in Tanzania.
1.4Significance of Study
The study is significant in several different ways; first it gives answers to how
competitionl a w p r o t e c t c o n s u m e r s i n t e r e s t , w h e t h e r c o m p e t i t i o n l a w i s a n
e f f e c t i v e t o o l t o p r o t e c t consumers. The study will analyse if there is a need of
consumer protection legislation whenefficient competition rules operate, the result
will help the government to stop legislatingi n e f f i c i e n t r u l e s w h i c h c o s t m o n e y
a n d t i m e . T h i s s c e n a r i o h a s b e e n d i s c u s s e d f r o m t h e international arena to
national arena, from developed countries, developing countries to theleast developed
countries. Secondly, it will contribute much in the academic field, as it
addsr e f e r e n c e m a t e r i a l s o n t h i s s u b j e c t s i n c e t h e r e i s i n s u f f i c i e n c y
l i t e r a t u r e i n T a n z a n i a concerning this subject. Moreover, as a secondary issue
the study will provoke and inspireother researchers to direct attention to this subject in
Tanzania.
1 . 5 H yp o t h e s i s
This research is governed by the following the test that competition law is an effective tool
to protect consumers. Therefore the government does not need to enact other
legislation for the protection of consumers.

1.6Research Methodology
This research was carried out by employing both methods of data correction, the primary
ands e c o n d a r y m e t h o d . O n t h e p r i m a r y m e t h o d d a t a w a s c o l l e c t e d b y w a y o f
feedback questionnaires and telephone interviews. The questionnaires wer
e sent to variousstakeholders such as staff from Fair Competition Commis
sion Tanzania, Tanzania N a t i o n a l c o n s u m e r a d v o c a c y b u r e a u , C h i e f
Executive officer Confederation of Tanzania Industries and indivi
d u a l c o n s u m e r s i n T a n z a n i a . A s a m p l e f e e d b a c k questionnaire has been
attached as annexure the results from the feedbacks have beenshown in Chapter four
of this dissertation. On the part of secondary method differentlibraries have been visited
such as the Institute of advanced legal study, British Library,Cambridge university library and
Queen Mary University library to obtain
differentm o n o g r a m s a n d e d i t e d c o l l e c t i o n . A p a r t f r o m t h a t e l e c t r o n i c d a t a
f r o m d i f f e r e n t website such as the Westlaw and lexis Nexis where different
journals were consultedsuch as competition law insight, competition law international,
competition law review, j o u r n a l o f c o m p e t i t i o n l a w a n d E c o n o m i c s , j o u r n a l o f
w o r l d c o m p e t i t i o n l a w a n d OECD journal of competition law and policy. Other website are
different
governmentalw e b s i t e f r o m U n i t e d S t a t e s , E u r o p e a n C o m m u n i t y ( E U R O P A ) , S
o u t h A f r i c a a n d Tanzania