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6-4 Rectangles

By the Vertical Angle Theorem,

FENCING X-braces are also used to provide support in ANALYZE RELATIONSHIPS Quadrilateral WXYZ is a rectangle.
rectangular fencing. If AB = 6 feet, AD = 2 feet, and
, find each measure.

14.If ZY = 2x + 3 and WX = x + 4, find WX.


SOLUTION:
The opposite sides of a rectangle are parallel and congruent. So, ZY =
WX.
2x + 3 = x + 4
10.BC x =1
SOLUTION: Use the value of x to find WX.
The opposite sides of a rectangle are parallel and congruent. Therefore, WX = 1 + 4 = 5.
BC = AD = 2 ft.
16.If , find .
12. SOLUTION:
SOLUTION: All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So,
The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other. So,
isanisoscelestriangle.
Then,

By the Vertical Angle Theorem,


17.If ZP = 4x 9 and PY = 2x + 5, find ZX.
ANALYZE RELATIONSHIPS Quadrilateral WXYZ is a rectangle.
SOLUTION:
The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other. So, ZP
= PY.

14.If ZY = 2x + 3 and WX = x + 4, find WX. Then ZP = 4(7) 9 = 19.


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SOLUTION: Therefore, ZX = 2(ZP) = 38.
The opposite sides of a rectangle are parallel and congruent. So, ZY = 19.If , find .
Therefore, Since is a transversal of parallel
6-4 Rectangles sides and , alternate interior angles WZX and ZXY are
congruent. So, = = 46.

17.If ZP = 4x 9 and PY = 2x + 5, find ZX. COORDINATE GEOMETRY Graph each quadrilateral with the
given vertices. Determine
SOLUTION: whether the figure is a rectangle. Justify your answer using the
The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other. So, ZP indicated formula.
= PY. 22.W(2, 4), X(5, 5), Y(6, 2), Z(1, 3); Slope Formula
SOLUTION:

Then ZP = 4(7) 9 = 19.


Therefore, ZX = 2(ZP) = 38.

19.If , find .
SOLUTION:
All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So, isaright
triangle. Then,

Use the slope formula to find the slope of the sides of the quadrilateral.

Therefore, Since is a transversal of parallel


sides and , alternate interior angles WZX and ZXY are
congruent. So, = = 46.

COORDINATE GEOMETRY Graph each quadrilateral with the


given vertices. Determine
whether the figure is a rectangle. Justify your answer using the
indicated formula.
22.W(2, 4), X(5, 5), Y(6, 2), Z(1, 3); Slope Formula The slopes of each pair of opposite sides are equal. So, the two pairs of
opposite sides are parallel. Therefore, the quadrilateral WXYZ is a
SOLUTION:
parallelogram.
The products of the slopes of the adjacent sides are 1. So, any two
adjacent sides are perpendicular to each other. That is, all the four angles
are right angles. Therefore, WXYZ is a rectangle.

24.Q(2, 2), R(0, 2), S(6, 1), T(4, 5); Distance Formula
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opposite sides are parallel. Therefore, the quadrilateral WXYZ is a
parallelogram. Distance Formula to find the lengths of the diagonals.
The products of the slopes of the adjacent sides are 1. So, any two
adjacent sides are perpendicular to each other. That is, all the four angles
6-4 Rectangles
are right angles. Therefore, WXYZ is a rectangle.
So the diagonals are congruent. Thus, QRST is a rectangle.

24.Q(2, 2), R(0, 2), S(6, 1), T(4, 5); Distance Formula Quadrilateral ABCD is a rectangle. Find each measure if
.
SOLUTION:

26.
SOLUTION:
All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So,

First, use the Distance Formula to find the lengths of the sides of the
quadrilateral. 27.
SOLUTION:
The measures of angles 2 and 3 are equal as they are alternate interior
angles.
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
the triangle with the angles 3, 7 and 8 is an isosceles triangle. So, m7 =
soQRST is a parallelogram. m3.
A parallelogram is a rectangle if the diagonals are congruent. Use the Therefore, m7 = m2 = 40.
Distance Formula to find the lengths of the diagonals.
28.
SOLUTION:
So the diagonals are congruent. Thus, QRST is a rectangle. The measures of angles 2 and 3 are equal as they are alternate interior
angles.
Quadrilateral ABCD is a rectangle. Find each measure if Therefore, m3 = m2 = 40.
.
29.
SOLUTION:
All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So,

26.
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The measures of angles 1 and 4 are equal as they are alternate interior
SOLUTION: angles.
Therefore, m4 = m1 = 50.
angles.
SOLUTION: Therefore, m4 = m1 = 50.
The measures of angles 2 and 3 are equal as they are alternate interior Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
angles.
6-4 Rectangles the triangle with the angles 4, 5 and 6 is an isosceles triangle. Therefore,
Therefore, m3 = m2 = 40. m6 = m4 = 50.

29. 31.
SOLUTION: SOLUTION:
All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So, The measures of angles 2 and 3 are equal as they are alternate interior
angles.
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
The measures of angles 1 and 4 are equal as they are alternate interior the triangle with the angles 3, 7 and 8 is an isosceles triangle. So, m3 =
angles. m7 = 40.
Therefore, m4 = m1 = 50. The sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180. Therefore, m8 = 180
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other, (40 + 40) = 100.
the triangle with the angles 4, 5 and 6 is an isosceles triangle. So, m6 =
32.PROBLEM SOLVING Jody is building a new bookshelf using wood
m4 = 50. and metal supports like the one shown. To what length should she cut the
The sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180. metal supports in order for the bookshelf to be square, which means that
Therefore, m5 = 180 (50 + 50) = 80. the angles formed by the shelves and the vertical supports are all right
angles? Explain your reasoning.
30.
SOLUTION:
All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So,

The measures of angles 1 and 4 are equal as they are alternate interior
angles.
Therefore, m4 = m1 = 50.
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
the triangle with the angles 4, 5 and 6 is an isosceles triangle. Therefore, SOLUTION:
m6 = m4 = 50. In order for the bookshelf to be square, the lengths of all of the metal
supports should be equal. Since we know the length of the bookshelves
31. and the distance between them, use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the
SOLUTION: lengths of the metal supports.
Let x be the length of each support. Express 3 feet as 36 inches.
The measures of angles 2 and 3 are equal as they are alternate interior
angles.
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
the triangle with the angles 3, 7 and 8 is an isosceles triangle. So, m3 =
m7 = 40.
The sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180. Therefore, m8 = 180
(40 +Manual
40) =- Powered
100. by Cognero
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Therefore, the metal supports should each be 39 inches long or 3 feetPage
3 4
32.PROBLEM SOLVING Jody is building a new bookshelf using wood inches long.
and metal supports like the one shown. To what length should she cut the
Since the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent and bisect each other,
the triangle with the angles 3, 7 and 8 is an isosceles triangle. So, m3 =
m7 = 40.
The sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180. Therefore, m8 = 180
6-4 Rectangles Therefore, the metal supports should each be 39 inches long or 3 feet 3
(40 + 40) = 100. inches long.

32.PROBLEM SOLVING Jody is building a new bookshelf using wood ALGEBRA Quadrilateral WXYZ is a rectangle.
and metal supports like the one shown. To what length should she cut the
metal supports in order for the bookshelf to be square, which means that
the angles formed by the shelves and the vertical supports are all right
angles? Explain your reasoning.

40.If XZ = 2c, ZY = 6, and XY = 8, find WY.
SOLUTION:
The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent to each other. So, WY = XZ =
2c. All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So, isaright
2 2 2
triangle. By the Pythagorean Theorem, XZ = XY + ZY .

SOLUTION:
In order for the bookshelf to be square, the lengths of all of the metal
supports should be equal. Since we know the length of the bookshelves Therefore, WY = 2(5) = 10.
and the distance between them, use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the
lengths of the metal supports.
Let x be the length of each support. Express 3 feet as 36 inches. 46.ERROR ANALYSIS Parker says that any two congruent acute
triangles can be arranged to make a rectangle. Tamika says that only two
congruent right triangles can be arranged to make a rectangle. Is either
of them correct? Explain your reasoning.
SOLUTION:
When two congruent triangles are arranged to form a quadrilateral, two
of the angles are formed by a single vertex of a triangle.
Therefore, the metal supports should each be 39 inches long or 3 feet 3
inches long.

ALGEBRA Quadrilateral WXYZ is a rectangle.

In order for the quadrilateral to be a rectangle, one of the angles in the


congruenttriangleshastobearightangle.
40.If XZ = 2c, ZY = 6, and XY = 8, find WY.
SOLUTION:
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The diagonals of a rectangle are congruent to each other. So, WY = XZ =
2c. All four angles of a rectangle are right angles. So, isaright
2 2 2
6-4 Rectangles
Therefore, WY = 2(5) = 10.
So, Tamika is correct.

46.ERROR ANALYSIS Parker says that any two congruent acute 50.ACT/SAT Quadrilateral GHJK is a rectangle.
triangles can be arranged to make a rectangle. Tamika says that only two
congruent right triangles can be arranged to make a rectangle. Is either
of them correct? Explain your reasoning.
SOLUTION:
When two congruent triangles are arranged to form a quadrilateral, two
of the angles are formed by a single vertex of a triangle.

What is the measure of HJG?


A3
B5
C 17
D 25
In order for the quadrilateral to be a rectangle, one of the angles in the E 65
congruenttriangleshastobearightangle.
SOLUTION:
Sampleanswer:SinceGHJK is a rectangle, the diagonals form two right
triangles. Since angle is a right angle, the two remaining angles in
triangle GHJ are complementary angles. Using this information, set up an
equation and solve for x.

So, Tamika is correct.

50.ACT/SAT Quadrilateral GHJK is a rectangle.




Therefore, ThecorrectchoiceisE.

52.Marciano plots points J, K, L, and M on a coordinate plane. He shows


that quadrilateral JKLM is a parallelogram. Which of the following can he

use to prove that JKLM is a rectangle?

What is the measure of HJG? AUsetheDistanceFormulatoshowthat .
A3
B UsetheMidpointFormulatoshowthat and bisect each
B5
other.
C 17 CUsetheSlopeFormulatoshowthat and are parallel.
D 25 DUsetheDistanceFormulatoshowthat
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E 65
SOLUTION:
SOLUTION:
Choice A is the correct choice as it is the only condition which proves


6-4 Rectangles
Therefore, ThecorrectchoiceisE.

52.Marciano plots points J, K, L, and M on a coordinate plane. He shows


that quadrilateral JKLM is a parallelogram. Which of the following can he
use to prove that JKLM is a rectangle?

AUsetheDistanceFormulatoshowthat .
B UsetheMidpointFormulatoshowthat and bisect each
other.
CUsetheSlopeFormulatoshowthat and are parallel.
DUsetheDistanceFormulatoshowthat .
SOLUTION:
Choice A is the correct choice as it is the only condition which proves
quadrilateral JKLM is a rectangle by proving that the diagonals are
congruent. The other choices (B-D) only reinforce conditions that prove
aquadrilateralisaparallelogram.

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