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5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles

In , UJ = 9, VJ = 3, and ZT = 18. 6.SJ


Find each length.
SOLUTION:
Since , V is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points Y and T are also midpoints of and ,
respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, SJ is of
SV.

5.YJ
SOLUTION:
Since , Y is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points T and V are also midpoints of and , respectively,
so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the centroid of
and, according to the Centroid Theorem, UJ is of UY.

7.YU
SOLUTION:

Since , Y is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points T and V are also midpoints of and , respectively,
so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the centroid of
and, according to the Centroid Theorem, UJ is of UY.

6.SJ
SOLUTION:
Since , V is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points Y and T are also midpoints of and ,
respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, SJ is of
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SV.



Now, since YU is the sum of YJ and UJ, we can add them to find YU.

5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles

7.YU 8.SV
SOLUTION: SOLUTION:
Since , V is the midpoint of and is a median of
Since , Y is the midpoint of and is a median of Similarly, points Y and T are also midpoints of and ,
Similarly, points T and V are also midpoints of and , respectively, respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the centroid of centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, SJ is of
and, according to the Centroid Theorem, UJ is of UY. SV.


Therefore, to find SV, we can now add SJ and VJ.

Now, since YU is the sum of YJ and UJ, we can add them to find YU.

9.JT
SOLUTION:
8.SV
Since , T is the midpoint of and is a median of
SOLUTION: Similarly, points Y and V are also midpoints of and ,
Since , V is the midpoint of and is a median of respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
Similarly, points Y and T are also midpoints of and , centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, ZJ is of
respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the ZT, which we know ZT equals 18 from the given information. To find JT,
centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, SJ is of subtract ZJ from ZT.
SV.

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Therefore, to find SV, we can now add SJ and VJ.

5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles

9.JT Identify each segment asa(n)altitude,median,or


SOLUTION: perpendicularbisector.
16.Refer to the image on page 340.
Since , T is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points Y and V are also midpoints of and ,
respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, ZJ is of
ZT, which we know ZT equals 18 from the given information. To find JT,
subtract ZJ from ZT.

SOLUTION:
is an altitude here because is it perpendicular to

17.Refer to the image on page 340.


10.ZJ
SOLUTION:
Since , T is the midpoint of and is a median of
Similarly, points Y and V are also midpoints of and ,
respectively, so and are also medians. Therefore, point J is the
centroid of and, according to the Centroid Theorem, ZJ is of
ZT, which we know ZT equals 18 from the given information.

SOLUTION:
isamedianbecauseDisthemidpointofthesideoppositevertexB.

18.Refer to the image on page 340.

Identify each segment asa(n)altitude,median,or


perpendicularbisector.
16.Refer
eSolutions to the- Powered
Manual image on page 340.
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SOLUTION:
SOLUTION:
SOLUTION:
5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles By the Centroid Theorem,
isamedianbecauseDisthemidpointofthesideoppositevertexB.

18.Refer to the image on page 340.

SOLUTION:
is perpendicular to , as well as meets at the midpoint D.
Therefore, isanaltitude,medianandperpendicularbisector.

19.Refer to the image on page 340.

SOLUTION:
is a median because it connects point B to point D, which is the
midpoint of .

20.ORGANIZE IDEAS In the figure, if J, P, and L are the midpoints


of , , and , respectively, find x, y, and z.
ALGEBRA Use the figure.

24.If isanaltitudeof ,m 1 = 2x + 7,and m 2 = 3x + 13, find


m 1 and m 2.
SOLUTION:
SOLUTION:
By the Centroid Theorem,
By the definition of altitude,

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5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles

ALGEBRA Use the figure. 25.Find the value of x if AC = 4x 3, DC = 2x + 9, m ECA = 15x + 2, and
isamedianof . Is alsoanaltitudeof ? Explain.
SOLUTION:
Given: AC = DC.

24.If isanaltitudeof ,m 1 = 2x + 7,and m 2 = 3x + 13, find


m 1 and m 2.
SOLUTION:
By the definition of altitude,


Substitute 6 for x in m ECA.


Substitute 14 for x in
isnotanaltitudeof becausem ECA = 92.

JUSTIFY ARGUMENTS Use the given information to determine


whether
isaperpendicular bisector, median, and/or an altitude of
.

25.Find the value of x if AC = 4x 3, DC = 2x + 9, m ECA = 15x + 2, and


isamedianof . Is alsoanaltitudeof ? Explain.
SOLUTION: 27.
Given: AC = DC. SOLUTION:
Since , is an altitude by the definition of altitude.We don't
know if it is a perpendicular bisector because it is not evident that M is
the midpoint of

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28.
SOLUTION:

29.
SOLUTION:
5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles Since we know that then M is the midpoint of .
isnotanaltitudeof becausem ECA = 92. Therefore, is the median of .

JUSTIFY ARGUMENTS Use the given information to determine 30. and


whether
isaperpendicular bisector, median, and/or an altitude of SOLUTION:
. Since and , we can prove by
HL. Therefore, we know that by CPCTC, making M the
midpoint of . Therefore, is the perpendicular bisector, median,
and altitude of .

ALGEBRA In ,m JMP = 3x 6, JK = 3y 2, and LK = 5y


8.
27.
SOLUTION:
Since , is an altitude by the definition of altitude.We don't
know if it is a perpendicular bisector because it is not evident that M is
the midpoint of 34.If is an altitude of , find x.
SOLUTION:
28.
Since is an altitude of ,
SOLUTION:
Since , we know that
by CPCTC. Since
and they are a linear pair, then we know they are
right angles and . Therefore, is the perpendicular
bisector, median, and altitude of . 35.Find LK if isamedian.
SOLUTION:
29.
Since isamedian,JK = KL.
SOLUTION:
Since we know that then M is the midpoint of .
Therefore, is the median of .

30. and
SOLUTION:
Since and , we can prove by
HL. Therefore, we know that by CPCTC, making M the
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midpoint of . Therefore, is the perpendicular bisector, median, Substitute 3 for y in LK.
and altitude of .
Since is an altitude of ,

5-2 Medians and Altitudes of Triangles

35.Find LK if isamedian.
SOLUTION:
Since isamedian,JK = KL.


Substitute 3 for y in LK.

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