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Jocelynang Baliwag

During the 1896 Philippine Revolution, our valiant forebears also made use of music as a means
of expressing their love of country and dreams for a free Philippines. They also wrote songs to
inspire them in their mission. Perhaps the most popular song during the revolution against Spain
was the kundiman Jocelynang Baliwag, also known as the Kundiman ng Himagsikan.
There are two known Jocelynang Baliwag songs. One is by an unknown composer, and another
one discovered by Jose Zulueta and with different lyrics (Dery 2003). Jocelynang Baliwag is
said to be about Josefa Pepita Tiiongson y Lara, a lady from the town of Baliwag in the province
of Bulacan. Such was their admiration and reverence for Pepita that there were three other
kundimans apart from Jocelynang Baliwag that were composed in her honor: Liwayway by
Isabelo de los Reyes, El Anillo de la Dalaga de Marmol, by Dr. Domingo Enrile, and Pepita by
Pascual H. Poblete. These songs demonstrate that women like Pepita also played a key role during
the revolution by being the source of joy and compassion during times of conflict and by serving
as an inspiration in the fight for freedom and independence.
Although the kundiman Jocelynang Baliwag is clearly dedicated to a lady, it could also be
associated with love of country. the image of the forlorn lover pleading to the beloved finds
perfect parallel in the downtrodden Filipino soldiers risking their lives in the battlefield and
pleading the cause of liberation from the oppressive role of Spanish colonialism at the end of the
19th century. (Hila 1994)

Dery, L.C. (2003). Awit kay Inang Bayan: Ang Larawan ng Pilipinas Ayon sa Mga Tulat
Kundiman na Kinatha Noong Panahon ng Himagsikan. Manila: De La Salle University Press.
Hila, A.C. (1994). Jocelynang Baliwag. In CCP Encyclopedia of Art, vol. 6: Philippine music. (p.
242). Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines
Pag- ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa
Poem by: Andres Bonifacio
Music by: Raul Sunico
Popularized by: Inang Laya

- In March 1896, the first issue of Kalayaan, the newspaper of the Katipunan, was published.
Among the contents was the poem Pag-Ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa, an exhortation to the Filipino
people to join the crusade for Philippine independence.

- Ang pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa ay isang tula na sinulat ni Andres Bonifacio na kanyang ginamit
para himukin ang mga Pilipinong maging makabayan. Si Bonifacio ay ms magaling na
mandirigma kaysa sa isang manunulat ngunit pinatuyanan niya na kaya niyang gumawa ng isang
tula para sa kanyang minanmahal na bayan.
- Si Andres Bonifacio ay ipinanganak noong ika- 30 ng Nobyembre, 1863. Ang knayang mga
magulang ay sina Santiago Bonifacio at Catalina de Castro. Nakatapos siya sa mababang paaralan
ni Guillermo Osmenia ng Cebu at sa gulang na 14, an kanyang mga magulang ay namatay at
napilitan siyang huminto sa pag-aaral upang alagaan ang mga nakababata niyang kapatid na babae
at lalaki. Bilang hanap-buhay, inatasan niya ang kanyang mga kapatid na tulungan siya sa
pagagawa ng kahoy na baston at papel na pamaypay na kanyang itininda sa lansangan.

Alay Sa Inang Bayan

Composed by: Jerry Dadap