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A platform for realistic simulation in Flying-hocAd Network

(FANET) environment

Ahn Tae Min, Jung Hee Jung * Korea Aviation University


Antae27@kau.kr, junghee@kau.ac.kr

2016 Annual Conference of the Korean Institute of Communication Sciences

TheStudyof ealisticRSimulation Platforms fo Flying-hocAd Network Taemin Ahn, Junghee Han*


Korea Aerospace Univ.

summary

As UAV (Unmanned Air Vehicle) has recently become smaller and developed with higher performance,

"He said. Especially, UAVs can communicate with each other without an infrastructure by using ad-hoc
network.

FANET (Flying Ad-hoc Network) environment, and researches on FANET

A platform for simulation in the environment is also an important research topic. In this paper, the
characteristics of this FANET environment

And how to use them to create an environment similar to a realistic FANET environment.

. Introduction

The communication environment between the UAVs is generally a fast movement of the node

Network topology changes not only frequently but also

Because it moves in a dimensional space, the surrounding terrain and the environment change
frequently

All. Because of the disconnection of the network link between the UAV and the infrastructure

It can occur frequently. As a way to solve this problem,

A study on FANET environment that communicates with an ad hoc network

Is actively underway, and therefore,

A platform for network simulation is also an important research topic.

. In this paper,

I will look at the characteristics of the data and

Will be able to implement the FANET environment.

. Main subject

In this section, we introduce an existing platform for network simulation,


Propose a realistic FANET environment and a platform to implement simulation

I want to.

2.1 Network simulator

Network simulator that supports Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) environment

The data are ns-2, ns-3 [1], OMNet ++, OPnet, Qualnet, Glomosim, Jsim etc.

, And the features of the five most popular tools are shown in Table 1 below. this

Ns-3 is a reality-focused tool that uses the C ++ language

All network configurations, including nulls, network devices, Internet stacks, and applications

Elements, as well as using multiple interfaces, IP addressing schemes

The same operation as that of a real computer can be reproduced. Moreover,

Implementation for the Dell (Mobility model) is also easily implemented using a helperIt is not only a
realistic communication environment,You can also create the motion of the node. Also provided by ns-
3With the Tracing architecture, you can re-simulateMeasure system performance or verify operation
without having to build or postprocess. In addition, ns-3 can be used to determine memory usage or
computation timeThe performance of the simulator is better than other simulators. SuchBecause of the
advantages, ns-3 can be used in real-world FANET environmentsIt is judged that it is suitable for making
and experimenting.

Tools platform Characteristic Related Studies

ns-2 FreeBSD, Various protocol [2], [3]


Linux, support, above
Solaris, WSNOneNo model, lack
Windows of application
function,Nimation-
based output tools
(NAM) andGraph based
output tool
(XGraph)ball
ns-3 FreeBSD, Realization of module [4], [5]
Linux, by OSI layer In protocol
Windows object design,
mobilityImplementation
and application of the
model, tracingProvide
structure, support
concurrent simulation,
newEasily add new
models
OMNet Linux, Object-oriented based [6], [7]
Unix, for WSNDiscrete-event
Windows simulator, eclipseBased
IDE environment
(debugging
enabled),Graphical &
textual editable
Qualnet Linux It is possible to [8], [9]
implement module by
OSI layer,Discrete-event
using
PARSECSimultaneous
execution of simulation
modelsYes, real-time
tracing & analysis
Jsim Matlab Component-based [10], [11]
software architecture,
Various scripting
languages available,
Table 1. Network simulator comparison

I created a simulation environment based on the NS-3 platform to see what problems I encountered
when I used it.

Providing a framework for WSN

2.2 Platform Architecture

Routing simulation in a realistic FANET environment

The platform for this is shown in Figure 1. First, the simulation data is generated,

The management part includes simulation parameters,

Parameters such as parameters, and mobility of nodes in the topology.

I need information about the property. Mobility is used in existing 2D environments.

Modify your mobility model to fit your 3D environment

Or from several UAVs that actually fly as shown

Take flight records (traces) and apply them to simulations

By making the same move as the flight of a UAV,

It should be possible to simulate in FANET environment.

Next, in the network environment configuration part, the OSI


You can configure your network environment using each layer's model, or

You should be able to develop and test optimized models. At this time,

You should be able to get performance measurements similar to your environment,

Several performance measurement techniques, such as tracing, logging, and packet analysis,

Be able to use it. There are many protocols available from existing tools.

Most modules are for mobile or inter-vehicle networks

, The following section describes how to apply this to the FANET environment.

Look at the results.

2.3 Testing the Platform

In this study, the existing routing protocol is used in FANET environment.

NS-3 platform to see what is causing the problem

To create a simulation environment. Fast-moving

In order to express the movement of a UAV moving in a three-dimensional space

We apply the Gauss-Markov mobility model,

Is an operation tendency that is often used in a mobile ad hoc network environment.

The PDR and Endto-

End delay was measured. As a result, AODV

Because it is an on-demand routing protocol, the FANET environment

The PDR is slightly better, but the lowest moving speed

In the liver, it is less than 50%. Conversely, in terms of delay

OLSR, a pro-active routing protocol,

The AODV has a relatively stable performance,

As the speed increases, the delay increases dramatically.

All. In this way, the routing

We can see that the loco is not suitable for use in the FANET environment.

have.

. conclusion

So far, building a realistic FANET simulation environment

. Based on this,

You can use the UAV's trace file to do


Create an easy mobility model to create a more realistic FANET environment

We make the motion of the west node,

I want to develop Dell.

references

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