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In chemistry, vitriol is an archaic name for a sulfate. The name comes from the
Latin word "vitriolum" for "glassy", as crystals of several metallic sulfates resemble
pieces of colored glass.

Vitriol with no further qualification often meanssulfuric acid.

In particular:

Black vitriol, a mixture of iron(II) sulfate and iron sulfide

Blue vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
Green vitriol, iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate
Oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid
Red vitriol, cobalt(II) sulfate heptahydrate
Roman vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate Alchemical diagram fromDaniel
Spirit of vitriol, sulfuric acid Stolz von Stolzenberg, Theatrum
Chymicum, 1614 representing
Sweet oil of vitriol, diethyl ether (not a sulfate)
VITRIOL as the alchemical motto
Vitriol of argile or vitriol of clay, aluminium sulfate (alum)
Visita Interiora Terrae Rectificando
Vitriol of Cyprus, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
Invenies Occultum Lapidem('Visit
Vitriol of Mars or vitriol martial, iron(III) sulfate
the interior of the earth and rectifying
White vitriol, zinc sulfate heptahydrate
(i.e. purifying), you will find the
Many other names have the obvious meaning given that "vitriol" means "sulfate": hidden/secret stone'), found in
for example, vitriol of lead is lead sulfate, and so on. L'Azoth des Philosophesby the 15th
century alchemist Basilius
Valentinus. This is a backronym,
sometimes incorrectly said to be the
origin of the word "vitriol".

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This page was last edited on 4 July 2017, at 17:51.

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