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UDC 699.81: 621.644:621.315.

67
:614.841.332: 620.1 DEUTSCHE NORM December 1985
Fire behaviour of building materials
and building components
DIN
-
Pipe encasements, pipe bushings, service shafts and ducts, and barriers 4102
across inspection openings; terminology, requirements and testing Part 11

Brandverhalten von Baustoffen und Bauteilen; Rohrummantelungen, Rohrabschottungen, lnstallationsschachte


und -kanale sowie Abschli.isse ihrer Revisionsoffnungen; Begriffe, Anforderungen und Pri.ifungen

In keeping with current practice in standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO),
a comma has been used throughout as the decimal marker.

DIN 4102 is divided into the followings Parts:


DIN 4102 Part 1 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; building materials; terminology,
requirements and testing
DIN 4102 Part 2 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; building components; terminology,
requirements and testing
Dl N 4102 Part 3 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; fire walls and non-load bearing outer
walls; terminology, requirements and testing
DIN 4102 Part 4 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; summary and use of classified
building materials, building components and special building components
Dl N 4102 Part 5 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; fire barriers, barriers in lift wells
and glazings resistant against fire; terminology, requirements and testing
DIN 4102 Part 6 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; ventilation ducts; terminology,
requirements and testing
Dl N 4102 Part 7 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; roofing; terminology, requirements
and testing
Dl N 4102 Part 8 (at present at the stage of draft) Fire behaviour of building materials and building components;
small scale test furnace
DIN 4102 Part 11 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; pipe encasements, pipe bushings,
service shafts and ducts and barriers across inspection openings; terminology, requirements and
testing
Standards dealing with the fire behaviour of sealing compounds used for cable passages through building components
and specifying methods of testing the reliability of electric cables in a fire situation are in course of preparation.
Dimensions in mm

Contents
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Page Page
1 Scope and field of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5 Service shafts and ducts, barriers across inspection
openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2 Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5.1 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1 Fire resistance time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5.2 Testing of service shafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2 Measures taken to prevent the spread of fire along
5.2.1 Test furnace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
pipes (pipe bushings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5.2.2 Type and size of specimens and test
2.3 Service shafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.4 Service ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5.2.3 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.5 Barriers across inspection openings . . . . . . . . . . 2
5.3 Testing of service ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3 Verification of fire resistance classes . . . . . . . . . . 2 5.3.1 Test furnace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.1 Verification on the basis of fire tests . . . . . . . . 2 5.3.2 Type and size of specimens and test
;;;
c. 3.2 Classification into fire resistance classes . . . . . . 3 arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
0
z 4 Pipe encasements and pipe bushings . . . . . . . . . . 3 5.3.3 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.1 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5.4 Testing of barriers across inspection openings ... 4
4.2 Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5.4.1 Type and size of specimens and test
4.2.1 Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.2.2 Test furnace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5.4.2 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.2.3 Type and size of specimens and test
arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 6 Test certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.2.4 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Standards referred to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... 11
4.2.4.1 Fire test with minimum exposure to fire . . . 3
4.2.4.2 Fire test based on the standard Other relevant documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
temperature-time curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.2.4.3 Fire test with exposure. to smouldering fire. . 4 Explanatory notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Continued on pages 2 to 12

Beuth Verlag GmbH. Berlin 30. has exclusive sale rights for German Standards (OINNormen) DIN 4102 Part 11 Engl. Pnce group 7
08.86 SAles No. 0107
Page 2 DIN 41 02 Part 11

1 Scope and field of application temperature-time curve. The fire resistance classes given in
table 1 are differentiated according to the fire resistance
This standard defines concepts relating to fire protection time.
and specifies requirements and tests for measures taken
to prevent the spread of fire along service shafts and 2.2 Measures taken to prevent the spread of fire along
ducts, and along pipes, including any pipe insulating pipes (pipe bushings)
layers and sheathing. Pipe encasements and pipe bushings, The provision of pipe bushings is to be regarded as a
service shafts and ducts shall be so designed as to prevent measure serving to prevent the spread of fire along pipes.
the spread of fire and smoke through floors and walls The bushings are installed at points at which pipes pass
during the fire resistance time specified in table 1. through a building component for which fire resistance
The protective measures evaluated in accordance with requirements exist.
this standard do not cover the risk of fire spread due to The provision of pipe encasements (complete or partial
the passage of heat along pipes. The risk of damage as a encasements) or the concealing of pipes under plaster
consequence of the thermal elongation or shortening of shall also be regarded as a measure serving to prevent the
the pipes is dealt with only in respect of the structure of spread of fire along pipes.
the specimens. The testing of service ducts as specified in
this standard does not cover the risk of damage caused 2.3 Service shafts
by falling pipe and cable supports or ducts, nor does it For the purposes of this standard, service shafts are
include an assessment of the reliability of the pipes and building components which are separate from the rest
cables laid inside them, such as emergency power supply of the structure or placed on the floors of buildings and
lines. 1 ) which can be sealed in the floor zone. A distinction is to
In addition, this standard does not deal with the possibility be drawn between:
of the leakage of dangerous liquids or gases as a result of service shafts for non-combustible services 4 );
the destruction of pipes under fire conditions.
service shafts for any services;
This standard does not apply to the testing of sealing
shafts for electrical installations.
compounds for cable bushings 2 ) nor to the testing of
ventilation shafts and fire dampers for preventing th.e
2.4 Service ducts
spread of fire along ventilation ducts (see DIN 4102
Part 6). However, this does not exclude the use of service For the purposes of this standard, service ducts are
shafts assigned to fire resistance classes I 30 to I 120 and non-accessible, predominantly horizontal building com-
tested as specified in this standard as fire resistant ponents serving to accomodate electrical installations,
encasements for vertical ventilation ducts with fire which pass through several rooms. The ducts may be
dampers made of sheet steel in accordance with sealed inside where they pass through walls or floors.
DIN 18 017 Parts 1 to 3 3 ). Cable ducts covered by DIN VDE 0604 Parts 1 to 3 and
This standard does not deal with methods of testing underground cable ducts covered by DIN VDE 0634
Part 2 are not service ducts as defined in this standard.
cable ducts covered by DIN VDE 0604 Parts 1 to 3 (at
present at the stage of draft), trunking for underground
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cable ducts covered by DIN VDE 0634 Part 2 (at present 2.5 Barriers across inspection openings
at the stage of draft) nor with pipes used for the convey- Barriers across inspection openings form part of service
ance of shavings, or used as laundry chutes or for waste shafts and ducts and shall be assessed in connection with
disposal. these.

3 Verification of fire resistance classes


2 Concepts
3.1 Verification on the basis of fire tests
2.1 Fire resistance time
Proof of the fire resistance class of pipe encasements,
The fire resistance time is the minimum length of time; pipe bushings and service shafts and ducts, and barriers
in minutes, during which fire and smoke is prevented by across inspection openings shall be provided by means of
protective measures from spreading along pipes or service
shafts and ducts and through barriers across inspection *) See Explanatory notes.
openings in fire tests carried out as specified in sub- 1) A standard specifying methods of testing the reliability
clauses 4.2.4.2, 5.2.3, 5.3.3 or 5.4.2 using the standard of electric cables in a fire situation is in course of
preparation.
2) A standard dealing with the fire behaviour of sealing
Table 1. Fire resistance classes R and I*) compounds for cable bushings is in course of
Fire resistance class preparation.
Fire resistance class of service shafts and Fire resistance 3) This shall also apply to ventilation ducts conforming
for measures against ducts and barriers time, in min
the spread of fire to DIN 18 017 Part 1 and Part 3, which are made of
across their
along pipes inspection openings
other non-combustible materials and are provided with
fire dampers, in the case of service shafts it shall only
R 30 I 30 30 apply if these accomodate non-combustible services.
~
R 60 I 60 ~ 60 4) However, small quantities of combustible materials for
R 90 I 90 ~ 90 sealing ducts and as insulation against structure-borne
R 120 I 120 ~ 120
noise are permitted at the fixing points.
D IN 41 02 Part 11 Page 3

a test certificate issued on the basis of tests carried out each pipe material envisaged;
as specified in this standard 5 ). each type of pipe envisaged
The criterion for classification into a fire resistance class and
is the least favourable result of tests carried out on not - where appropriate, blank and spare bushings.
less than two identical specimens.
4.2.2 Test furnace
3.2 Classification into fire resistance classes The minimum dimensions of the test furnace shall be as
The service shafts and ducts dealt with in Dl N 4102 given in figure 1; Dl N 4102 Part 2 shall apply to all
Part 4 shall be assigned to the fire resistance class given other features of the test furnace.
in DIN 4102 Part 4 without being tested as specified
Note. The small-scale test furnace conforming to
in clause 5.
DIN 4102 Part 8 may also be used for deter-
Note. Classified pipe encasements and pipe sea lings are not mining single characteristics, such as the sepa-
dealt with in DIN 4102 Part 4, March 1981 edition. rating and thermal insulating effect of bushings
for non-combustible pipes.
4 Pipe encasements and pipe bushings
4.2.3 Type and size of specimens and test arrangement
4.1 Requirements
For passages of pipes through floors or walls of concrete
The specimens, assembled with the appropriate pipes as
or masonry, the specimens shall be mounted in 15 em
in practice, shall meet the following requirements in the thick floor slabs or 10 em thick walls of aerated concrete.
fire test carried out as specified in subclause 4.2 for the
If the test is to be carried out for other wall or floor
duration of the fire resistance time:
thicknesses, this is to be stated in the test certificate
a) The passage of fire and smoke from the furnace or (see clause 6). The slabs shall be arranged over an area of
from pipe encasements outside the furnace and from not less than 1 m X 1 m around the pipe. For pipe passages
the pipes themselves shall be prevented (see Dl N 4102 through other types of floor or wall, the specimens shall be
Part 2, September 1977 edition, subclauses 5.2.1 and installed in building components of the type used in prac-
6.2.6 for the definition of "passage of fire"). This tice. Walls and floors are not to be loaded during testing.
shall not apply to the upper open end of pipes which,
The pipes shall be installed as in practice. Fittings occur-
in practice, terminate in the open air. ring in practice, for example branches and bends, shall be
b) The temperature rise above the initial ambient temper- included in the fire test unless their influence on the fire
ature on the unexposed surfaces of pipe encasements, behaviour of the pipe encasements and pipe bushings can
pipe sealings and the pipes themselves, outside the be assessed reliably without a fire test. Stench traps shall
furnace, shall not exceed be filled with water. When deciding on a test arrangement,
- 140 K as an average value it shall be taken into account whether the pipe passage is
or fixed or sliding. The appropriate pipe movements shall
- 180 K as a maximum value at any point. be carried out during the fire test. Figure 1 shows an
example of test arrangement for testing sewer pipes.
The above limiting value for the mean temperature rise
This test arrangement incorporates branches in the
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shall not apply to the testing of pipe sealings.


proximity of the floor which are covered completely
4.2 Testing with a minimum of 2 em thick mortar in the soffit zone.
4.2.1 Sampling Gullies not covered by such a layer of mortar shall be tested
separately.
Pipe encasements and pipe bushings shall always be tested
separately in respect of their use for horizontal and For pneumatic tube systems and dust extraction ducts, the fire
vertical pipes. test shall be carried out with a working pressure of -0,5 bar.
For pipe bushings installed in floors, heating of the floor 4.2.4 Procedure
soffit constitutes, in general, the less favourable case. 4.2.4.1 Fire test with minimum exposure to fire
In case of doubt, the behaviour when exposed to heat This test can be omitted for pipes made solely of non-
from above shall also be examined. combustible materials (class A as defined in DIN 4102
The following details shall be recorded for each pipe Part 1 ). In the case of pipe bushings for wall and floor
encasement or pipe bushing tested: passages of the same type, this test need only be carried
the minimum inside pipe diameter envisaged, together out on the vertical pipe.
with the minimum pipe wall thickness; The pipe shall be heated by a flame around 200 mm in
the maximum inside pipe diameter envisaged, length for a period of 10 minutes (see figures 2 and 3).
together with the maximum pipe wall thickness; If the pipe material is removed from the action of the
flame by melting, shrinking or partial disintegration of
5) The reliability of coatings, films or similar protective the pipe, the heat source shall be adjusted in such a way
layers applied on the inside, the surface or in the that the tip of the flame is approximately 30 mm above
joints of building components, which become effective the lower edge of the pipe. Flames on the specimen shall
when exposed to thermal stress, cannot be assessed not be extinguished. The test shall be deemed concluded
solely on the basis of this standard; other proofs of only when no further flame formation is observed.
suitability shall be supplied, for example in the The test shall be carried out either on one specimen each
context of granting a general building inspectorate as specified in subclause 4.2.4.2 (ignition at the least
approval (in the United Kingdom referred to as favourable point) or using a separate test arrangement in
agrement) for the building material concerned. accordance with figure 3.
Page 4 DIN 4102 Part 11

4.2.4.2 Fire test based on the standard 5.2.2 Type and size of specimens and test arrangement
temperatureti me curve The service shafts to be tested shall be constructed in
The test shall be carried out as specified in DIN 4102 accordance with the design intended for use. If the
Part 2, September 1977 edition, subclauses 6.2.1 and service shafts are made of fittings which are not suitable
6.2.3 to 6.2.8. The thermocouples for measuring the for connection to solid walls, all four sides of the
average rise in temperature of the specimens shall be specimen shall be made of the fittings concerned.
located at a distance of 10 em and 60 em from the wall If, in practice, solid building components form one or more
or floor. For pipes encased only partially or with different sides of a service shaft, then one specimen representing
materials, the average rise in temperature shall be a service shaft used to accomodate non-combustible
determined separately for each part which is encased services shall be constructed in accordance with figure 5
differently. Two measuring points shall be arranged for and one used to accomodate any type of service in
each cross section to be measured. accordance with figures 6 and 7.
4.2.4.3 Fire test with exposure to smouldering fire In the case of shafts used to accomodate electrical
Pipe bushings which are made of materials whose installations, the specimen is to be fitted only with the
effectiveness in providing protection against fire develops electrical installations listed in figures 5 and 6.
only under the influence of the heat from a fire and The outer cross section of the service shaft shall measure
which therefore require a certain reaction time for the 0.75 m X 2,00 m. If these dimensions are not reached
challge in their structure to take place shall, in adcjition, in practice, the largest cross section shall be used.
be subjected to a fire test lasting 40 minutes with a The specimens shall incorporate barriers across inspection
temperature-time curve in accordance with figure 4 if openings.
there is any doubt that the pipe bushing will be fully
effective on exposure to smouldering fire. For carrying 5.2.3 Procedure
out this test, the specifications of subclause 4.2.4.2 Testing shall be carried out as specified in DIN 4102
shall apply for all other details of the test procedure. Part 2, September 1977 edition, subclauses 6.2.1 and 6.2.3
to 6.2.8, the specimens being exposed to fire on all sides.
The measuring points for determining the average surface
5 Service shafts and ducts, barriers across temperature shall be located as shown in figure 5 or
inspection openings figures 6 and 7.
5.1 Requirements
5.3 Test:.ig of service ducts
The specimens, mounted as in practice, shall meet the
5.3.1 Test furnace
following requirements, when tested in accordance with
subclauses 5.2, 5.3 or 5.4: The test furnace shall comply with the requirements
specified in subclause 4.2.2.
a) The passage of fire and smoke from the furnace or
from the service shaft or duct shall be prevented. 5.3.2 Type and size of specimens and test arrangement
b) The temperature rise above the initial ambient tem- The service ducts to be tested shall be constructed in
perature on the unexposed surfaces of service shafts accordance with figure 8, following the design intended
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and ducts, outside the furnace, shall not exceed for use in practice. They shall be suspended with the
- 140 K as an average value means of fixing used in practice or laid or supported in
or a vertical position on the floor of the furnace. The outer
cross section (height X width) of the service duct shall
- 180 K as a maximum value at any point.
be 0,50 m X 1,00 m. If these dimensions are not reached
c) It shall be possible to open barriers across inspection in practice, the largest cross section shall be used.
openings solely with the aid of special tools, keys
The specimens shall incorporate barriers across the
(no door handle shall be present) or similar tools. It
inspection openings.
shall be possible to open all barriers across accessible
inspection openings with ease from the inside, for 5.3.3 Procedure
example by means of a door handle. Proper func- Testing shall be carried out as specified in DIN 4102
tioning of the hinges and closing mechanisms shall Part 2, September 1977, edition, subclauses 6.2.1 and
not be impaired by opening and closing 50 times 6.2.3 to 6.2.8, the specimens being exposed to fire solely
before the fire test. in the wall zone between furnace and observation room.
The requirements specified under items a) and b)
shall also apply to barriers across inspection openings 5.4 Testing of barriers across inspection openings
when tested in accordance with subclause 5.2 or 5.4.1 Type and size of specimens and test arrangement
subclause 5.3. As a departure from the requirements
The barriers to be tested shall conform in type and size
specified under item b), it suffices if the temperature to those used in practice. Where a particular type of
of the barriers is not higher than that of the adjoining barrier is available in different sizes, only the largest and
wall of the shaft or duct, when testing in accordance
smallest size need be tested in each case. The specimens
with subclause 5.4.
shall be mounted in a shaft or duct wall as in practice.
The wall construction shall correspond to the actual
5.2 Testing of service shafts
service shaft or duct within an area around the specimens,
5.2.1 Test furnace measuring 0,5 m in width. In the case of barriers in
The test furnace shall comply with the requirements service shafts constructed of solid walls, the specimens
specified in subclause 4.2.2. shall be mounted in 10 em thick walls of aerated concrete.
DIN 41 02 Part 11 Page 5

5.4.2 Procedure In addition, the test certificate shall include observations


Testing shall be carried out as specified in DIN 4102 with regard to thermal elongation or shortening and other
Part 2, September 1977 edition, subclauses 6.2.1 and deformations, and also details regarding any limitations
6.2.3 to 6.2.8. in practical use. For service ducts, information should be
given on methods of fixing ensuring the structural sta
bility of the ducts in a fire situation.
6 Test certificate
If service shafts and ducts without inspection openings
A test certificate shall be issued covering the test pro and their barriers have been tested, this shall be stated on
cedure and test results. DIN 41 02 Part 2, September 1977 the first page of the test certificate.
edition, clause 8 shall apply for this as appropriate, Test certificates to be used in applying for a general
table 2 being however irrelevant in this context. Each building inspectorate approval 5 ) shall be headed: Pruf-
type of assembly shall be described, especially if there zeugnis zur Beantragung einer al/gemeinen bauaufsicht
are any deviations from the test arrangements illustrated lichen Zulassung (Test certificate for application for a
in figures 1, 5, 6, 7 and 8. general inspectorate approval).
Any deviations in thickness of aerated concrete floors
or walls from the values given in subclause 4.2.3 shall be
stated. 5) See page 3.
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Page 6 DIN 4102 Part 11

ON 150 downpipe

ON 70 X 50 X 45 branch
Fixed collar --+1
Sliding collar -i I
ON 150 X 100 X 87 branch
with connector for water closet
in accordance with DIN 1389 Part 1

Observation room
("'=' 3,50 X "'=' 3,50)

~-
N
ll

ON 150 X 150 X 87 branch

150 ~3.50
with connector for water closet
Aerated concrete masonry (d = 24 em, q;;;::: 0,4 t/m 3 )
in accordance with
DIN 1389 Part 1 ~-ol.o-------"""--"3:c:0:. : :-----ll
0

Figure 1. Longitudinal cross section of furnace (width "'=' 3,50 m) and example of test arrangement when using
non-combustible sewer pipes

Dimensions in mm
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I
I
I
I
I.
I
I
I
I
I
I'
IJ'I I

Brazed
t/' II
11
II
II
~
0
0
a- ~

\\ II
1.1~4

IJ'I

~2.1

0
IJ'I

For general tolerances, DIN 7168,


accuracy grade m shall apply.

~4 Figure 2. Jet to be used when testing in accordance with


subclause 4.2.4.1; adjustment of flame height
.1 1~ 6 (zero position)
DIN 41 02 Part 11 Page 7

Dimensions in mm

Open end Open end

At start of test After burning through


or melting

Figure 3. Position of flame when testing in accordance with subclause 4.2.4.1

800
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/
100
~-~0 = 345 lg (8 (t- 20)+1)Y v
600
/
500 I
:.::
.5 400
),
I
--""" +-- '\-
~
I
G';:) 300 ....- I '-b-~0 =154fl
/
/ I
200

100
(
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
In the graph, tin min-
t is the testing period, in min;
v is the furnace temperature, in K;
v0 is the temperature of specimens at start of test, in K.

Figure 4. Temperature-time curve for fire test with exposure to smouldering fire
(see subclause 4.2.4.3)
Page 8 DIN 41 02 Part 11

Item No.
1 Sealed pipe end
2 Open pipe end
Observation 3 Sliding collars
room 4 Solid floor which deforms only slightly when
exposed to fire
5 Aerated concrete masonry (d = 24 em, (! 2':: 0,4 t/m 3 )
~ 6 DN 100 steel pipe, 4 mm wall thickness
1 ~ 7 Bushing, if present in practice
8 Shaft wall, continuous or with superimposed sections
according to the manufacturer's instructions
~
Ci 4 9 DN 100 sewer pipe in accordance with DIN 19 561
10 DN 25 steel pipe, encased with not less than 30 mm
class B 2 polyethylene foam (in accordance with
DIN 4102 Part 1)
11 NYY -J 3 X 185/95 low voltage cables rated up to
1 kV, with PVC sheating
Furnace
C)
m
.....

Section A- B

,....-,r---+~
C)"
Measuring points
1:7"""':7-.:7--'-:lt---t I
for

cr- ~~:e;:~~~~g
rise in
8 temperature
N
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~~'i-74---+~
Ci
t-'-1--+l Figure 5. Test arrangements when testing sealed shafts
d accomodating non-combustible services
075 (longitudinal and cross section; permissible
dimensional deviations: 0,05 m)
DIN 4102 Part 11 Page 9

Item No. 2
12 20 telecommunication cables with PVC sheating,
each with 16 pairs, each core 0,8 mm in diameter
(for example J- LiY(St)Y 16 X 2 X 0,8 Bd cable)
13 Sealed DN 100 X 100 X 87 branch
14 Fixing as in practice
15 Open DN 100 steel pipe
16 Length adjustment piece, if required
17 Service duct (0,50 m in height, 1,00 m in width,
unless smaller in practice)
18 Aerated concrete wall
19 Three NYY-J 3 X 185/95 low voltage cables rated
up to 1 kV with PVC sheathing; 20 telecommunica-
tion cables with PVC sheathing, each with 16 pairs,
each core 0,8 mm in diameter (for example
J-LiY(St)Y 16 X 2 X 0,8 Bd cable). laid on a
platform of galvanized sheet steel
20 Inspection opening (lower edge 20 em above surface
of finished floor)
21 Inspection opening

Position of steel pipe (6)

Section C-D
.--.----+KJ
ci
..,......,j.....,...~-+ll

12----H----m..J
Arrangement of
11 ~~:::::;r 0 pipes and
10~~~ ,,,-
0
cables inside
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ll the shaft
(cross section)

20
jo...C>..p....q....,..q...._--+KJ
ci
~--+ll
Figure 6. Test arrangement when testing sealed shafts d
accomodating any services (permissible
dimensional deviations: 0,05 m)
075
"'0
Q)
(Q
m
.....
0

0
z
.....
""'
0
2 1 1\.)
"'0
Q)
....
....

room
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~
~
ot~t~~I < I

Furnace Furnace

Position of sewer Position of encased steel pipes (DN 25) Postion of low voltage and
(item N. 9) (item No. 10) telecommunication cables
(item Nos. 11 and 12)
Figure 7. Various sections of test arrangement shown in figure 6 (permissible dimensional deviations: 0,05 m)
DIN 41 02 Part 11 Page 11

Section E- F 14

~~--p-~~~~~~----~~~~ ~----+~
-~l==s=i~===~--=- - t + - - -~r-_,_H'--+~-

0,10
060

Section G-H

Figure 8, Test arrangement used when testing service ducts (longitudinal and cross sections; see figure 6 for key to
item Nos.; permissible dimensional deviations: 0,05 m)

Standards referred to
DIN 1389 Part 1 Connectors for water closets; dimensions
DIN 4102 Part 1 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; building materials;
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terminology, requirements and testing


DIN 4102 Part 2 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; building components;
terminology, requirements and testing
DIN 4102 Part 4 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; summary and ~se of classified
building materials, building components and special building components
DIN 4102 Part 6 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; ventilation ducts; terminology,
requirements and testing
DIN 4102 Part 8 Fire behaviour of building materials and building components; small scale test furnace
DIN 7168 Part 1 General tolerances; linear and angular dimensions
DIN 18 017 Part 1 Air-conditioning of bathrooms and WC's without windows; not fan-assisted single shaft systems
DIN 18 017 Part 3 Air-conditioning of bathrooms and WC's without windows
DIN 19 561 Acrylnitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or acrylester styrene acrylnitrile (ASA) pipes and fittings
with socket for hot water resistant (HT) sewers inside buildings; dimensions, technical delivery
conditions
DIN VDE 0604 Part 1 Ducts for electrical installations on walls and floors; general specification
DIN VDE 0604 Part 2 Ducts for electrical installations on walls and floors; ducts for appliances
DIN VDE 0604 Part 3 Ducts for electrical installations on walls and floors; skirting board type ducts
DIN VDE 0634 Part 2 Underground electrical installations; ducts for electrical installations and accessories

Other relevant documents


PriHrichtlinien fiir Abschottungen von Kabeldurchfiihrungen6) (Code of practice for testing sealing compounds for cable
bushings), November 1977 version.

6) Published by the lnstitut fiir Bautechnik (Institute for Building Technology), Reichpietschufer 72-76,
D -1000 Berlin 30.
Page 12 DIN 4102 Part 11

Explanatory notes
The constructions of service shafts and ducts as described assessment of the protective measures can be made only
in DIN 4102 Part 4 and those of pipe encasements to be by taking into consideration the services present in each
found in the Richtlinien fur die Verwendung brennbarer individual case. A differentiation of this nature is,
Baustoffe im Hochbau (Code of practice for the use of however, not feasible in practice, neither for the builder
combustible materials in building construction) are nor for the building inspectorates. The technical working
comparatively costly and complicated, considering committee therefore considered the present classification
the level of safety required. This results in the faulty of protective measures as a function of the type of service
execution, or even the complete avoidance of fire concerned to be justifiable as it permits more economic
protective measures frequently found in practice, which solutions for certain applications than had been possible
causes a not inconsiderable risk to safety on the one hand before.
and competitive distortions on the other hand. This During discussions on test methods it was shown that
standard serves to create the possibility of testing the tests carried out in accordance with this standard do not
efficacy of fire protective measures which are more permit a final assessment of fire hazards. A number of
simple and which can be realized more easily in practice. particular hazards had to be excluded. Other tests will be
It does not imply that the fire protective measures used required in order to assess the reliability of services or
up to now need be discontinued. the safety of pipes and ducts against possible leakage of
This standard inclu<;les, for the first time ever in a dangerous liquids or gases. Heat conduction through
standard, tests for the assessment of the fire behaviour pipes and ducts, and mechanical stressing due to dimen-
of pipes, including their insulation, made of combustible sional changes shall be taken into account when preparing
and non-combustible building materials, when used in codes of practices for services. Experience gained from
buildings in accordance with their intended purpose. It the tests carried out in accordance with this standard is
permits the classification of protective measures for pipes expected to be of use in the preparation of such codes.
made of different building materials at points at which The letters R and I used to designate the fire resistance
they pass through floors or walls which have to meet classes have been derived from the terms for the com-
requirements with regard to fire protection. ponents to be classified, i.e. from the German terms
Where water and sewer pipes made of combustible and Rohrleitungen (pipes) and lnstallationsschachte (service
non-combustible building materials pass through walls shafts). They are not to be confused with the letter
or floors for which requirements in respect of the fire symbols R for resistance mecanique (structural stability)
resistance time are specified, measures other than the and I for insulation (insulation) used in international
verification of the fire resistance class ( R) as described in standards.
DIN 4102 Part 11 are also permitted in accordance with The test arrangements given in this standard have been
the Laender building regulations. More detailed informa- conceived in such a way that they can be realized in
tion shall be taken from the current regulations of the existing test furnaces without great expense. The /nstitut
Laender. fur Bautechnik in Berlin keeps a list of the testing
The extent of protective measures required for services agencies able to carry out tests in accordance with this
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depends on the type of service concerned. An exact standard which are accredited by the building inspectorates.

International Patent Classification


E04B1/94
E 03 C 1/00
F 16 L 59/14
E 04 F 17/08