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# Faculty Member:Sir Ahsan Azhar Dated:3rd October 2017

## EE-342 Microwave Engineering

LABORATORY EXERCISE 3

## Name Reg. no. Performance Report Viva Total/25

Marks / 5 Marks / 10 Marks /
10

## Noor us Sabah 110981

I. Lab Objectives:
Familiarization of Smith Chart
Design and implementation of Smith chart on MATLAB platform

hold on
grey = [0.5,0.5,0.5];
Re = 0:0.2:100;
Im = tan((-1:0.05:1)*pi/2);

## % to plot normalized impedances with constant real part:

for ii = 1:max(size(Re))
Z = Re(ii) + j*Im;
gamma = (Z-1)./(Z+1);
plot(real(gamma),imag(gamma),'Color',grey)
end

Explanation:
The plot only shows circles because it only contains the resistances. We plotted the real parts of
impedances, which shown in constant resistance circles.
The radius of the circle is determined by the normalized resistance (r) as;
1
As r increases, the radius of the circles decreases.
The center of the circle is determined by,

Center=(1+ , 0)
The values of the centers increase with increase in resistance.
% to Mark important circles
Z = 1 + j*Im;
gamma = (Z-1)./(Z+1);
plot(real(gamma),imag(gamma),'Color',grey,'linewidth',1.5)
Z = 0 + j*Im;
gamma = (Z-1)./(Z+1);
plot(real(gamma),imag(gamma),'Color',grey,'linewidth',1.5)

Explanation:
The plot only shows important circles in bold with resistances 0 and 1. We plotted the real parts
of impedances, which shown in constant resistance circles.
The radius of the circle is determined by the normalized resistance (r) as;
1
As r increases, the radius of the circles decreases.
The center of the circle is determined by,

Center=(1+ , 0)=(0,0), (.5,0)
The values of the centers increase with increase in resistance.
% to plot normalized impedances with constant imaginary part:
for ii = 1:max(size(Im))
Z = Re + j*Im(ii);
gamma = (Z-1)./(Z+1);
plot(real(gamma),imag(gamma),'Color',grey)
end
axis square

Explanation:
The plot shows circles as well as arcs because it contains the resistances and reactances. We
plotted the real and imaginary parts of impedances, which is shown in constant resistance circles
and constant reactance arcs.
The radius of the circle is determined by the normalized resistance (r) as;
1
As r increases, the radius of the circles decreases.
The center of the circle is determined by,

Center=(1+ , 0)
The values of the centers increase with increase in resistance.
And the radius of the arc is determined by
1