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CONNECTED STUDENT BOOK

A2
ELEMENTARY

Christopher Sol Cruz

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Knowledge Transmission Ltd
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Knowledge Transmission Ltd 2015

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First published 2015

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Introduction
About this course
This 600-hour course is aimed at students of General English at all stages of
proficiency, and takes students all the way from Beginner to Advanced level. It
is divided into six levels corresponding to the levels of The Common European
Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR): Beginner (A1), Elementary (A2), Pre-
Intermediate (B1), Intermediate (B2), Upper-Intermediate (B2+), and Advanced (C1).
The course design takes an integrated-skills approach. Each level of the course is
divided into separate units, each of which covers all four skills (listening, reading,
speaking, and writing), as well as grammar and vocabulary. This integration of the
four skills with language functions reflects real-life communication, and so prepares
students to use English in the real world.
Each unit has a broad, engaging theme, which motivates students by providing
them with interesting topics about which to communicate purposefully. The
acquisition of the language being presented allows students to engage with the
themes in meaningful receptive and productive activities. All units contain elements
of personalization, which is provided through production activities that encourage
students to apply the language they have learned to their own personal contexts. This
makes language relevant to students own lives, and serves to motivate and engage
them further.

Unit structure
Each unit includes
a vocabulary section that presents and practices the words and expressions
needed for the unit
a dialogue that shows and tests the vocabulary in use and presents a grammar
point in context
a pronunciation section that focuses on a key aspect of English pronunciation
featured in the dialogue
a grammar explanation, followed by graded practice activities, that deals with the
grammar point in detail
reading and listening activities that expand on the units theme, practicing the
grammar and vocabulary
speaking and writing activities that encourage personalization of the units
theme and give freer production of the language.

About the author


Christopher Sol Cruz has been involved in the field of English language instruction
and materials writing since 1988. He is the co-author of the Pearson primary EFL series
Big English, and has written and developed numerous English learning materials for
a variety of age groups in Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and the US. In addition
to writing, Sol Cruz has given academic presentations and run teacher professional
development workshops around the world, and is an avid language learner.

Introduction 3

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Contents
Introduction 3
Unit Topic Vocabulary

1 Personal
information
Personal phrases live at home, share an apartment, single, married
Grammar
Simple present review Yes/no questions and short answers Do you live downtown? Yes, I do. / No, I dont.
Simple present of wh- questions: personal information answers Who do you live with?I live with my brother.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

2 Describing
appearance
Personal descriptions straight hair, wavy hair, shy, smart
Grammar
and personality Adjectives for describing appearance and personality What is Sara like?Shes friendly.
Negative questions for confirming something Doesnt Sara wear glasses?No, she doesnt.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

3 Things I like Hobbies and interests do karate, go hiking, play soccer, work out
Grammar
Verb + infinitive and gerund with like, love, enjoyI like to play basketball.I like playing basketball.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

4 Indoors and
outdoors
Weather/temperature words hot, warm, cool, cold
Indoor/outdoor activities bake cookies, cook on the grill, do some gardening, do some home repairs
Grammar
Would like + infinitive What would you like to do?

Unit Topic Vocabulary

5 Movies Types of movies action, animated, comedy


Adjectives to describe movies exciting, scary, boring
Grammar
Adverbs of intensity very, really, so, a little, kind of, extremely

Unit Topic Vocabulary

6 Music Music types classical, rock, hip-hop


How people listen to music online, MP3 players, CDs
Grammar
Quantifiers (almost) all (of the), most (of the), a lot of (the), some (of the), a few (of the), (almost) none of + noun

Unit Topic Vocabulary

7 Groceries Food/drinks/groceriescereal, butter, orange juice

Grammar
Questions with How many/much
Count and non-count nouns with many, a lot, a few, a little

Unit Topic Vocabulary

8 Getting a job Interview terms work in a group, work alone, speak English
Grammar
Questions with how + adverbs (often/far/well/fast)How often do you use social networking sites?
Questions with know how + infinitive Do you know how to use this software?

Unit Topic Vocabulary

9 This weekend Weekend activities sing karaoke, spend time online, go dancing
Grammar
Present continuous review: questions and statements What are you doing right now?Im watching TV.
Future with present continuous Were having a party next Saturday.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

10 Vacation time Types of vacations go on a cruise of the Greek islands, go backpacking in Nepal, swim with dolphins in Hawaii
Grammar
Possibility with may and mightI might go on a group tour to Japan. She may go to Vancouver, Canada.

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Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Meeting people Question intonation 8
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Moving back home Self introductions Introducing yourself to new Writing about a friend or
people family member
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Describing someone to a friend Contrastive stress 17
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Identical problems People describing people they know Describing your appearance Describing a family member
and personality or friend

Dialogue Pronunciation Page


Discovering common interests Reduction of to 27
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Hobbies People talking about things they like to do Describing what you like to Comparing your hobbies with
in their free time do in your free time someone elses
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Inviting someone to do something and setting a Reduction of would you 35
time/date to meet
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Freezing fun People talking about activities with the Talking about the weather Writing a message inviting a
weather today friend to do something

Dialogue Pronunciation Page


Three people discussing what type of movie they Emphatic stress for intensifiers 43
want to watch
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Love movies? People talking about their favorite and Talking about your favorite Writing a review about the
least favorite movies movie most recent movie you saw
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Friends discussing music Reduction of of in quantifying expressions 52

Reading Listening Speaking Writing


Musical habits People talking about their favorite music Talking about your favorite Writing about how different
and how they listen to it music people listen to music
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Two people discussing their shopping list Reduction of /t/ before unstressed 61
syllables
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Superfoods are super good for you People talking about what they normally Talking about what you eat/ Writing about your favorite
eat every week drink every week dish that you like to make at
home
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A job interview R-controlled vowels 71
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Things you need to know to get a job People talking about their abilities Talking about what makes Writing about what makes
you a good student or you a good job candidate
employee
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Making weekend plans Final -ing 80
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Social media and being social People talking about their plans for the Talking about your plans for Writing about your familys
weekend this weekend plans for the weekend

Dialogue Pronunciation Page


Two people talking about potential vacation plans W-glide between words 89
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Fun in the sun People talking about plans for their next Talking about plans for your Writing about your plans for
big vacation next vacation the upcoming weekend

Contents 5

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Unit Topic Vocabulary

11 Feeling awful Health problems have a cold, have the flu, feel nauseated
Parts of the body head, arms, feet
Grammar
Giving advice with should/shouldnt:You shouldnt go to work.You should stay home and rest.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

12 Obligations Chores/errandstake the dog for a walk, pay bills, finish my homework
Grammar
Have to for obligation I have to finish my homework.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

13 Daily activities Workplace verbs email, finish, start


Grammar
Simple past: regular verbs yes/no questions and short answers Did you talk to your sister?Yes, I did. / No, I didnt.
Simple past: regular verbs statements and agoIt started ten minutes ago.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

14 Education Majorsbiology, computer science, economics


Milestonesgraduate from university, look for a job, study abroad
Grammar
Past continuous I was watching TV last night.
Before, after, while, whenWhile I was studying for my final exams, I fell asleep. After I graduated from university, I returned to
my hometown.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

15 Technology Describing gadgets smartphone, music player, laptoplight, powerful, expensive

Grammar
Comparative adjectives with -erHis smartphone is lighter than mine.
Comparative adjectives with moreThese speakers are more powerful than the speakers in the other store, but theyre more
expensive, too.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

16 The best
sights
Tourist attractions historic district, market, bridge

Grammar
Superlative adjectives with -estThe historic district is the oldest part of the city.
Superlative adjectives with the mostThe Statue of Liberty is one of the most popular tourist attractions in New York City.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

17 How does it
look?
Clothingshirt, pants, shoestight, loose, formal, casual
Grammar
Adjectives with adverbs of degree: (not) very, (not) enough and tooI like these pants, but they are too small.
Order of adjectives a small black bag

Unit Topic Vocabulary

18 How I got here Biographybe born, go to college, get married

Grammar
Because and soI went to Central University because it was near my parents home.I retired in 2010, so I spend a lot of time with
my grandchildren now.
Unit Topic Vocabulary

19 Personal goals Personal goals save money to buy a car, study harder to get better grades, take lessons to learn how to swim
Grammar
Infinitives of purpose Im saving money to buy a car.

Unit Topic Vocabulary

20 The world well Environmentrecycle, metal cans, take public transportation


live in Grammar
Future with will for predictions Most people will use solar energy in their homes.

Answer key 189 Acknowledgements 199

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Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A person discusses feeling awful with a friend // and /u/ 97

Reading Listening Speaking Writing


Want to feel better? People discussing aches and pains Talking about health Writing an advice email to a
problems sick friend
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
People talking about what they need to do Reduction of have to and has to 108
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Everybody has chores Talking about plans for today and what Talking about the things you Writing about the things you
things need to get done first need to do before you leave need to do every evening
for school or work before going to bed
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Talking about being late Simple past -ed endings 117
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Texting while walking People talking about a recent phone call, Talking about the people you Writing an apology for being
email or text message communicate with late
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A parent talking to their college-age child about Syllable stress in longer words 125
their education
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Studying abroad: Is it for you? People talking about something that Talking about your education Writing about what you were
influenced an important decision about doing at this time last year
their education
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Two people trying to impress each other with their Different ways to pronounce vowel 135
latest gadgets combinations
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
The Internet: good or bad? People comparing their new gadget with Talking about an item you Writing about how your
an older version they had before bought to replace an older life changed because of
item technology
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A person giving recommendations to another Words with silent letters 145
person visiting a different city
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
The most interesting places People talking about the most interesting Talking about the best city in Writing about why you would
places where they live the world like to visit different sights
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Two friends shopping for one of them Vowel sounds with different spellings 155
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Dress for success People having a conversation while Describing what you like to Writing a description of
clothes shopping wear on the weekend how you dress for different
occasions
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A grandfather telling his grandchildren about the Reduction of /d/ before certain consonant 164
choices he made in life sounds
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
The changing face of learning People talking about important life events Talking about your important Writing about the life of
life events someone in your family
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
Talking about New Years resolutions Pronouncing x 172
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Im resolved People talking about their personal goals Talking about your personal Writing about your
goals education/work goals for the
next five years
Dialogue Pronunciation Page
A discussion about life in 40 years Pronouncing y 180
Reading Listening Speaking Writing
Changing climates People talking about how life will be in Talking about what life will be Writing about how you think
the future like in the future life will change in the next
100 years

Contents 7

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1 Personal
information

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Personal phrases
Dialogue
Meeting people
Pronunciation
Question intonation
Grammar
Simple present review: yes/no questions and
short answers
Simple present of wh- questions: personal
information answers
Reading
Moving back home
Listening
Self introductions
Speaking
Introducing yourself to new people
Writing
Writing about a friend or family member

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1

1.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 01 Read and listen to the words.

live at homelive in a college dormlive in a condoshare an apartmentsingle


marriedin a relationshipstudy on a tabletrelax at home
go out with friendsplay sports with other peopleclean my house

Vocabulary 2
Choose the word or phrase that best completes each sentence.
1 Nihar is [married / single / in a relationship], but he hopes to meet someone.
2 Ian, Julio, and Gregor [share an apartment / live in a college dorm / live in a
condo] to save money.
3 Rebecca and Vanessa [live at home / share an apartment / live in a college
dorm] at their school.
4 Jack and Shonna are [living at home / single / married] and have two children.
5 Koji, his wife, and their children [live at home / live in a college dorm / are in a
relationship] with Kojis father-in-law.
6 Monica and Ivan bought a [college dorm / condo / relationship] with a great
view of downtown.
7 Carla and Rohan are [single / in a relationship / married] and plan to get married
soon.

1 2 3 4

5 6

Personal information 9

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct words to complete each sentence.
1 She studies English that she can carry anywhere.
a with friends b at home c on a tablet
2 I on Saturday so I can relax on Sunday.
a clean my house b play sports with other people c go out with friends
3 On weekends, I like to go outside and from my neighborhood.
a clean my house b play sports with other people c go out with friends
4 My favorite way to spend a Saturday is to and have fun.
a clean my house b go out with friends c relax at home
5 I usually on Sunday because I am tired!
a clean my house b go out with friends c relax at home

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 02 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 Nihar is single, but he hopes to meet someone.
2 Ian, Julio, and Gregor share an apartment to save money.
3 Rebecca and Vanessa live in a college dorm at their school.
4 Jack and Shonna are married and have two children.
5 Koji, his wife, and their children live at home with Kojis father-in-law.
6 Monica and Ivan bought a condo with a great view of downtown.
7 Carla and Rohan are in a relationship and plan to get married soon.
8 She studies English on a tablet that she can carry anywhere.
9 I clean my house on Saturday so I can relax on Sunday.
10  On weekends, I like to go outside and play sports with other people from the
neighborhood.
11 My favorite way to spend a Saturday is to go out with friends and have fun.
12 I usually relax at home on Sunday because I am tired.

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1

1.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 03 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Lisa sits in a caf. Edson is her waiter.

Edson Excuse me. Arent you in my English class?


Lisa Yes, I am. My name is Lisa. Whats your name?
Edson Im Edson. I work at this caf part-time. Are you new in town?
Lisa Yes, I am. Im from Mexico City. I live at home right now with my family.
Where do you live?
Edson I share an apartment with my brother. What do you do on weekends?
Lisa I work at the new hotel on the beach.
Edson Thats exciting! Dont you need to speak English really well to work at that
hotel?
Lisa Yes, you do. I have to study English all the time.
Edson How do you study English?
Lisa I study lots at home with my father. And I study English on my phone, too.
Edson Does your father speak English well?
Lisa Yes, he does. In fact, you know my father.
Edson Really? Whos your father?
Lisa Mr. Vasquez, our English teacher!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Is Lisa in Edsons English class?
a Yes, she is. b No, she isnt.
2 Does Edson share an apartment with his cousin?
a Yes, he does. b No, he doesnt.
3 Who is Mr. Vasquez?
a He is Lisa and Edsons English teacher. b He is Lisas boss.

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

Personal information 11

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1.3
Pronunciation 1
Question intonation: rising intonation for yes/no questions
Audio 04 Listen. Then practice asking the questions.
1 Are you married?
2 Do you work part-time?
3 Does she live in a condo?
4 Is he in our English class?
5 Are they in a relationship?

Pronunciation 2
Question intonation: rising-falling intonation
for information questions
Audio 05 Listen. Then practice asking the questions.
1 Who do you live with?
2 What does he study?
3 When is your English class?
4 Why are you in this class?
5 How do they get to work?

1.4
Grammar 1
Simple present review: yes/no do not dont Tip
questions and short answers does not doesnt
are not arent
Read and listen to the
Audio 06

grammar presentation. is not isnt/ s not

Do you live downtown? Yes, I do. / No, I dont.


Does he work from home? Yes, he does. / No, he doesnt.
Are you married? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Are they students? Yes, they are. / No, they arent.
Is she in your English class? Yes, she is. / No, shes not.

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1
Grammar 2
Match the questions and answers.
1 Are you in a relationship? a
Yes, we are.
2 Do you work on campus? b
No, hes not.
3 Does he play soccer? c
No, I dont.
4 Am I in your English class? d
Yes, he does.
5 Is he single? e
Yes, I am.
6 Do Sonja and Beatrice share an apartment? f
Yes, they do.
7 Do you and I like the same music? g
No, we dont.
8 Are we friends on Facebook? h
No, youre not.

Grammar 3
Simple present of wh- questions: personal information answers
Audio 07 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Who do you live with?
Who people Tip
I live with my brother. What information
What does she do for a living? When time
Where place
Shes an architect.
Why reason
Whens your English class? How way
Its every Monday and Wednesday.

Where are your parents from?


Theyre from Korea.

Why are you in this class?


I need to improve my English.

How do they get to work?


They take the bus.

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Grammar 4
Choose the correct word to complete the questions.
1 [What / Where] do they do after class?
They go to dinner.
2 [Who / How] are your favorite teachers?
They are Mr. Roberts and Ms. Taber.
3 [When / Where] is her apartment?
Its close to campus.
4 [Where / When] is the party?
Its this weekend.
5 [How / Why] does he get to class?
He drives.

Grammar 5
Use the words in the box to complete the dialogue. You can use words more
than once.

howwhatwho
where

Edson Excuse me. Are you in my English class?


Lisa Yes, I am. My names Lisa. 1 s your name?
Edson Im Edson. I work at this caf part-time. Are you new in town?
Lisa Yes, I am. Im from Mexico City. I live at home right now with my family.
2
do you live?
Edson I share an apartment with my brother. 3 do you do on
weekends?
Lisa I usually work at the new hotel on the beach.
Edson Thats exciting! Dont you need to speak English really well to work at that
hotel?
Lisa Yes, you do. I have to study English all the time.
Edson 4
do you study English?
Lisa I study lots at home with my father. And I study English on my phone, too.
Edson Does your father speak English well?
Lisa Yes, he does. In fact, you know my father.
Edson Really? 5 s your father?
Lisa Mr. Vasquez, our English teacher!

Who people Tip


What information
Where place
How way
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1

1.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Moving
back home
When did you move out of your parents house? Sometimes people move out
right after high school or college and never live at home again. Some people
never leave home. Recent studies show that many young adults are choosing to
move back home after they graduate from college.
Why is this happening? There are a lot of reasons. Living at home costs less.
Often, young adults graduate from college with a lot of debt. They can have
trouble finding well-paid jobs and in many places rents are very high.
Many young adults try to pay off debt while they live
at home. Sometimes they can take jobs or internships
that pay less. Others try to learn new skills or spend
more time with their parents.
Sadly, some young people who move home let their
parents take care of them and do all the work.
Moving back home can be a great idea! But
young people have to do what they can instead
of just letting mom and dad do everything.

1 Studies show that many young adults are not moving back home
after they graduate. True / False
2 Often, young adults move home because they have a lot of debt. True / False
3 Living at home costs more. True / False
4 Young adults often take internships or low-paid jobs while they
live with their parents. True / False

Personal information 15

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1.6
Listening
Audio 08 Listen. Choose the correct answers.
1 Does Filbert work full-time?
a Yes, he does. b No, he doesnt.
2 Does he live at home?
a Yes, he does. b No, he doesnt.
3 Is Karen a full-time student?
a Yes, she is. b No, shes part-time.
4 Where does she live?
a She lives in the dorm with a roommate. b 
She lives downtown with her cousin.
5 Whats Monicas job?
a Shes a teacher. b Shes a tutor.
6 What does she like to do on the weekend?
a She rests and goes to the movies. b She corrects papers and tests.

1.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Where do you live? Talk about your roommates.
Are you married? Do you have a boyfriend or girlfriend? Talk about your
relationship.
Where do you go to school? What do you study?
What kind of job do you have? Say at least three things about your job.
What do you like to do in your free time?

1.8
Writing
Write a note about the family member or friend you see most often. Describe
where they live and what you do together. Follow the example. Then show
your writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
I live with my cousin. He moved to Chicago last summer. He and I like to go out at night. On
Sundays, we go to our Aunts house for dinner. She lives near our apartment.

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2 Describing
appearance
and personality

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Personal descriptions
Dialogue
Describing someone to a friend
Pronunciation
Contrastive stress
Grammar
Adjectives for describing appearance and
personality
Negative questions for confirming something
Reading
Identical problems
Listening
People describing people they know
Speaking
Describing your appearance and personality
Writing
Describing a family member or friend

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2.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 09 Read and listen to the words.

blackblond/blonde bluebrownbrunettegreenhazel
curly hair
spiky hairstraight hairwavy hairlong hair
short hairmedium-length hair
shoulder-length hairbaldwears glasseshas a beardhas a moustachetall
shortfriendlyfunnypopular
shysmart

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 Alana has [blue / brown / green / hazel] eyes.
2 Brians eyes are light [blue / brown / green / hazel] .
3 Lila has [blue / brown / green / hazel] eyes.
4 He has [blue / brown / green / hazel] eyes. They are not exactly green and not
exactly brown.
5 She has [black / blonde / brunette / gray / red] hair.
6 Bos moustache is [black / blonde / brunette / gray / red] .
7 My daughter has [black / blonde / brunette / gray / red] hair, like her dad.
8 Kyla is a [black / blonde / brunette / gray / red] . Her hair is dark brown.
9 Because of her light hair, Jan is a [black / blonde / brunette / gray / red] .

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

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2
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

curlylongshort
spikystraight
wavy
1 The new guy at work has short, hair.
2 Letty has hair.
3 Raj has long, hair.
4 He has medium-length, hair.
5 My grandmother has , gray hair.
6 My brother wears his hair very .

1 2 3

4 5 6

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Vocabulary 4
Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.
1 He is [average / tall / short] and she is short.
2 Mr. Singh [wears glasses / has a beard / has a moustache].
3 Ida likes her [medium-length / shoulder-length / long] hair.
4 My father [has medium-length hair / has shoulder-length hair / is bald].
5 Jake [wears glasses / is bald / has shoulder-length hair].
6 My uncle has a long [legs / beard / moustache].
7 Kirsten has [medium-length / shoulder-length / short] hair.
8 Uncle Allen [has shoulder-length hair / is tall / is short], but his son Brad is tall.

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8

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2
Vocabulary 5
Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

friendlyfunnypopular
shysmart
1 My boss has a great deal of experience and is very .
2 My brother has many friends on Facebook and is very .
3 Shes very . She always makes me laugh!
4 The salesperson is so . She smiles and says hello when I walk in.
5 Even though my brother is funny, he can be very around people he
doesnt know well.
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 6
Audio 10 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 Alana has brown eyes. 17 Mr. Singh has a moustache.
2 Brians eyes are light blue. 18 Ida likes her medium-length hair.
3 Lila has green eyes. 19 My father is bald.
4 
He has hazel eyes. They are not 20 Jake wears glasses when hes reading.
exactly green and not exactly brown. 21 My uncle has a long beard.
5 She has black hair. 22  The girl who is my lab partner has
6 Bos moustache is gray. shoulder-length hair.
7 My daughter has red hair, like her dad. 23  Uncle Allen is short but his son Brad is
8 Kyla is a brunette. Her hair is dark tall.
brown. 24  My boss has a great deal of
9 
Because of her light hair, Jan is a experience and is very smart.
blonde. 25  My brother has many friends on
10  The new guy at work has short, spiky Facebook and is very popular.
hair. 26  Shes very funny. She always makes
11 Letty has curly hair. me laugh!

12 Raj has long, straight hair. 27  The salesperson is so friendly. She


smiles and says hello when I walk in.
13 He has medium-length, wavy hair.
28  Even though my brother is funny, he
14 My grandmother has long, gray hair. can be very shy around people he
15 My brother wears his hair very short. doesnt know well.
16 He is tall and she is short. Describing appearance and personality 21

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2.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 11 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Pamela and Mark are at school.

Mark Pamela, what does Krista Jones look like?


Pamela Krista Jones? Well, shes tall. She has straight black hair. She has brown eyes.
Mark Doesnt she wear glasses?
Pamela Yes, she does.
Mark Okay. Isnt she in my English class?
Pamela No. Shes not in your English class. Her sister, Karen, is in your English class.
Mark Really? Well, whats Karen like?
Pamela Shes shy, but shes friendly.
Mark Isnt she funny, too?
Pamela No, Mark. Karens popular. Youre funny!
Mark Youre right. I am funny. And Im niceand smartand

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Is Krista Jones tall?
a Yes, she is. b No, she isnt.
2 Who is Karen?
a She is Kristas cousin. b She is Kristas sister.
3 Whats Karen like?
a Shes friendly. b Shes funny.

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

2.3
Pronunciation
Contrastive stress
Audio 12 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
Doesnt she have black hair? No, she has blonde hair.
Doesnt Sara have green eyes? No, she has brown eyes.
Isnt Adam tall? No, Adam is short.
Doesnt John have brown hair? No, hes bald.

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2

2.4
Grammar 1
Personality and appearance: adjectives for describing people
Audio 13 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
What is Sara like?
Shes friendly.

What does Sara look like?


Shes tall and she has blond hair.

What are you like?


Im shy.
What is Sara like? asking about her Tip
personality
What do you look like? What does Sara asking about her
look like? appearance
Im short and I wear glasses.

Grammar 2
Match the questions and answers.
1 What is Susan like? a George is really shy. He doesnt like to talk in
front of many people.
2 What does Mei look like? b Susan is very tall. She has long wavy hair.
3 What does Susan look like? c Mei is intelligent. She always gets good grades.
4 What does George look like? d George has short spiky hair.
5 What is Mei like? e Susan is very popular. She has many friends.
6 What is George like? f Mei is slim. She has brown eyes.

Grammar 3
Negative questions to confirm something
Audio 14 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Doesnt Sara wear glasses? Dont you have black hair?
No, she doesnt. Yes, I do.

Isnt she tall? Arent you shy?


Yes, she is. No, Im not.

Describing appearance and personality 23

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Grammar 4
Choose the correct word to complete the questions. You can use words more
than once.

Arent
IsntDont
Doesnt
1 Jose have really short hair?
2 you have a younger brother?
3 Jennifer and Megan really tall?
4 she smart?
5 they live in New York City?
6 he popular in school?

Grammar 5
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker uses an
adjective.

Mark Pamela, what does Krista Jones look like?


Pamela Krista Jones? Well, shes tall. She has straight black hair. She has brown eyes.
Mark Doesnt she wear glasses?
Pamela Yes, she does.
Mark Okay. Isnt she in my English class?
Pamela No. Shes not in your English class. Her sister, Karen, is in your English class.
Mark Really? Well, whats Karen like?
Pamela Shes shy, but shes friendly.
Mark Isnt she funny, too?
Pamela No, Mark. Karens popular. Youre funny!
Mark Youre right. I am funny. And Im niceand smartand

24 Connected

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2

2.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Identical problems
Have you ever wondered what it would be like if you had an identical twin out
there somewhere? One girl in New Hampshire got the chance to find out.

Amy was adopted when she was a baby. She lived a nice
life with her adopted parents. However, she didnt know
anything about her birth mother or family. Then, in college,
Amy starred in a video project for her friend. Her friend
posted the video online. A few days later, someone named
Suzie emailed Amys friend asking about Amy. Suzie saw
the video, and thought that Amy might be her twinsister.
Amy got in touch with Suzie on a social media site.
They found out they had both been born in New
Hampshire and put up for adoption. But Suzie had
been adopted by a family inHawaii.
The girls emailed for a while. Later, they set up a
video call. Thats when they saw each other for the
first time. They had the same curly hair and brown
eyes. They looked almost exactly the same! Now
Suzie and Amy video chat all the time and visit
each other a few times a year.

1 Amy grew up in New Hampshire. True / False


2 Amy and Suzie were both adopted. True / False
3 Amy found Suzie online by contacting her friend. True / False
4 The girls set up a video call right away. True / False
5 Suzie and Amy video chat all the time. True / False

Describing appearance and personality 25

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2.6
Listening
Audio 15 Listen. Write the answers in the correct places.

short spiky hair25 years oldsix years oldsmart and popular


bald with a moustache and beardT-shirt with a picture of a green frog
short brown hair, glassessuit with a blue tie
1 Sandra 3 Celine


2 Malcolm 4 Tito

2.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What do you look like? Describe your appearance. Talk about your height, your hair,
and your eye color. Describe the clothes you usually wear.
Are you shy and quiet? Or do you like to talk? Talk about your personality.
Describe a classmate. Talk about his or her appearance and personality. Dont say
the name. Ask your classmates to guess who it is.

2.8
Writing
Write about a friend or family member. Describe his or her appearance. State
details about what he or she looks like. Also state what he or she doesnt look
like. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or your teacher
for feedback.
My sisters daughter is adorable. She has brown eyes. She has brown, curly hair. She has
a big smile. She doesnt have many teeth! She doesnt like to wear bows in her hair. She is
getting tall.

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3 Things I
like

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Hobbies and interests
Dialogue
Discovering common interests
Pronunciation
Reduction of to
Grammar
Verb + infinitive and gerund with like, love, enjoy
Reading
Hobbies
Listening
People talking about things they like to do in
their free time
Speaking
Describing what you like to do in your free time
Writing
Comparing your hobbies with someone elses

Things I like 27

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3.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 16 Read and listen to the words.

do karatego hikinggo running


go shopping go to concerts
go to museumsplay basketballplay soccerplay the guitarplay the piano
practice yogaread books
sewsing work out

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.

go hikinggo runninggo to concertsgo to museumsplay soccer


read bookssewsing
1 I like to with my daughter.
2 You should in the mountains near your house.
3 Shaun likes to about the future.
4 My grandmother loves to when she wants to relax.
5 In my neighborhood, we every Saturday.
6 My sister likes to every morning.
7 They like to at home.
8 We always on Friday or Saturday nights.

1 2 3 4

5 6 7

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3
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct words to complete each sentence.

practice yogaplay basketballplays pianoplay the guitardoes karate


go shoppingworks out
1 Maura likes to at night after work.
2 He tries to at least twice a week to relax.
3 They like to at lunchtime.
1 2
4 She at a class every Saturday.
5 He before school every day.
6 My aunt every night after dinner.
7 We love to for food as a family.

3 4 5 6 7

Vocabulary 4
Audio 17 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 
I like to go to museums with my daughter.
2 
You should go hiking in the mountains near your house.
3 
Shaun likes to read books about the future.
4 
My grandmother loves to sew when she wants to relax.
5 
In my neighborhood, we play soccer every Saturday.
6 
My sister likes to go running every morning.
7 They like to sing at home.
8 
We always go to concerts on Friday or Saturday nights.
9 
Maura likes to play guitar at night after work.
10  He tries to practice yoga at least twice a week to relax.
11  They like to play basketball at lunchtime.
12  She does karate at a class every Saturday.
13  He works out before school every day.
14  My aunt plays piano every night after dinner.
15  We love to go shopping for food as a family.
Things I like 29

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3.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 18 Read and listen to the dialogue.

Cathy I really enjoy hiking.


Toshiro I love to go to museums.
Cathy Do you like soccer? I love playing soccer.
Toshiro No, I dont like to play soccer. I would rather play the piano!
Cathy The piano? Hmmm. What about working out? I love to work out.
Toshiro Not me. But I do like reading books.
Cathy Toshiro, we dont have anything in common!
Toshiro Yes, we do. We like to go shopping together.
Cathy Thats true. And I like going to museums, as long as Im with you.

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Who loves playing soccer?
a Cathy b Toshiro
2 Who likes playing the piano?
a Cathy b Toshiro
3 Who likes going to museums with Toshiro?
a Cathy b 
Cathys sister

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

3.4
Pronunciation
Reduction of to
Audio 19 Listen. Then practice saying the sentences.
1 He likes to read books.
2 They love to sing at home.
3 He tries to practice yoga twice a week.
4 They like to play basketball at lunchtime.
5 I like to go to museums.
6 She loves to go to concerts on Friday nights.

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3

3.5 The verb enjoy is used in a Tip


Grammar 1 gerund only.
Verb + infinitive and gerund Correct: They enjoy doing yoga.
with like, love, enjoy NOT correct: They enjoy to do
yoga.
Audio 20 Read and listen to the

grammar presentation.
I like to play basketball. / I dont like to play baseball.
I like playing basketball. / I dont like playing basketball.

He loves to go to museums. / He doesnt love to go to museums.


He loves going to museums. / He doesnt love going to museums.

They enjoy doing yoga. / They dont enjoy doing yoga.

Grammar 2
Match the sentences.
1 You have a nice camera! a
Really? I love reading non-fiction.
2 I read a lot of books. b
Me too. I love to play classical music.
3 Do you exercise? c
Really? Do you like going to museums?
4 I study art in college. d
Yes, I enjoy working out at the gym.
5 I play the piano. e
Thanks. I like to take photos.
6 How is your cooking class? f
Good. I enjoy making Italian food.

Grammar 3
Use the gerund (-ing form) of the verbs in the box to complete the dialogue.

go
work out
play (x2)readhikeshop

Cathy I really enjoy 1 .


Toshiro I love to go to museums.
Cathy Do you like soccer? I love 2 soccer.
Toshiro No, I dont like to play soccer. I prefer 3
the piano!
Cathy The piano? Hmmm. What about 4
? I love to work out.
Toshiro Not me. But I do like 5
books.
Cathy Toshiro, we dont have anything in common.
Toshiro Yes, we do. We like to go 6 together.
Cathy Thats true. And I like 7
to museums, as long as Im with you.

Things I like 31

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3.6
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the correct answer.

Hobbies
y? Here are a few
Have you ever thought about starting a new hobb
hobbies that you might like to try.

Origami
Remote control cars Origami is the Japanese art
Did you know that you can of folding paper into shapes. Rock climbing
re
build remote control cars? The This hobby doesnt cost a
You can climb inside a gym or
are kits to get you started. If lot of money. You only need
outside. It is a good way to get
s
you enjoy building things, thi square paper. You can buy
some exercise. You can climb
is a great hobby. Many people special paper or make your
close to the ground or you can
s
who build remote control car own. You can make lots
use ropes to climb higher. Rock
also race them. People even of different animals and
climbing is a hobby you can do
e
travel across the country to rac shapes. You can keep your
with your friends and family. It
remote control cars. It is a fun creations or give them to
is fun and good for you.
o
way to meet other people wh your friends.
share your hobby.

1 You can build them.


remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
2 You can make animals.
remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
3 You need special paper.
remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
4 You can do it in a gym.
remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
5 You can meet new people.
remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
6 You can do it with friends and family.
remote control cars / origami / rock climbing
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3

3.7
Listening
Audio 21 Listen. Write the phrases in the correct places.

would rather draw comicsdoes karateplays pianoplays Spanish guitar


practices every weekendisnt good at itloves to watch soccer
practices every daywatches games with friendsdoesnt like sports
has a yellow belt

1 Carlos


2 Kim


3 Yohan


4 Ian

Things I like 33

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3.8
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Talk about things you do for fun. What are your hobbies? What do you like to do in
your free time?
Are some things hard for you to do? Are they too difficult or boring? Talk about two
or three things you dont like to do.

3.9
Writing
Write about interests you have or activities you do. Also write about the
interests of a friend or family member. Do you do similar activities? Or, do
you have different interests? Follow the example. Then show your writing to
a partner or your teacher for feedback.
I like to exercise. I go to the park to play soccer. My wife likes to go to concerts. We like the
same music. We are going to a concert next week. I go to the movies when I can. My wife
does not like the movies as much as I do.

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4 Indoors
and
outdoors

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Weather/temperature words
Indoor/outdoor activities
Dialogue
Inviting someone to do something and setting
a time/date to meet
Pronunciation
Reduction of would you
Grammar
Would like + infinitive
Reading
Freezing fun
Listening
People talking about activities with the weather
Speaking
Talking about the weather today
Writing
Writing a message inviting a friend to do
something

Indoors and outdoors 35

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4.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 22 Read and listen to the words.

hotwarmcoolcoldsunny cloudywindyrainysnowy
bake cookies
cook on the grilldo some gardeningdo some home repairsgo camping
go kayakinggo swimminggo to the beachhave a picnic
play a board gameplay cards

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the word that best completes each sentence.
1 Its [cold / cool / sunny / warm] outside. Sam doesnt need a jacket.
2 Today its very [hot / snowy / sunny / warm]. Lets stay inside.
3 Look at those trees! Its very [windy / snowy / rainy / cloudy] today.
4 Its a [warm / rainy / hot / cool] day, so shes wearing a sweater.
5 Bring your umbrella when its [sunny / hot / cold / rainy].
6 Theyre at the beach because its [hot / cloudy / rainy / windy] outside.
7 I love a [rainy / snowy / sunny / cloudy] day in the park.
8 Hes wearing a hat because its [cloudy / cold / warm / hot] today.
9 Its [sunny / cloudy / warm / hot] outside, but it isnt rainy.
1 2 3

4 5 6

8
9

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4
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 Id like to stay inside today and .
a play cards b play a board game c have a picnic
2 They love to in the summer.
a go camping b go kayaking c go swimming
3 This weekend, Eileen is going to stay home and .
a bake cookies b do some gardening c do some home repairs
4 Im hungry, so Im going to as a treat.
a go swimming b bake cookies c cook on the grill
5 Its very hot today, so we plan to and relax.
a go to the beach b have a picnic c go camping
6 Its a perfect day for our family to in the park.
a go swimming b play cards c have a picnic
7 Would you like to in the ocean?
a have a picnic b go camping c go swimming
8 My fathers friends meet to every afternoon.
a play cards b go kayaking c play a board game
9 I like to with my friends from work because its good exercise.
a go to the beach b go kayaking c go swimming
10 Its hot today, so we should for dinner.
a cook on the grill b bake cookies c do some gardening
11 Are you going to help your father this weekend?
a do some home repairs b do some gardening c bake cookies
6 7 8 9 10 11

Indoors and outdoors 37

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Vocabulary 4
Audio 23 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 
Its warm outside. Sam doesnt need 12  This weekend, Eileen is going to stay
a jacket. home and do some home repairs.
2 Today its very snowy. Lets stay inside. 13  Im hungry, so Im going to bake
3 Look at those trees! Its very windy cookies as a treat.
today. 14  Its very hot today, so we plan to go to
4 
Its a cool day, so shes wearing a the beach and relax.
sweater. 15  Its a perfect day for our family to have
5 Bring your umbrella when its rainy. a picnic in the park.

6 
Theyre at the beach because its hot 16  Would you like to go swimming in the
outside. ocean?

7 I love a sunny day in the park. 17  My fathers friends meet to play cards
every afternoon.
8 
Hes wearing a hat because its cold
today. 18  I like to go kayaking with my friends
from work because its good exercise.
9 Its cloudy outside, but it isnt rainy.
19  Its hot today, so we should cook on
10  Id like to stay inside today and play a the grill for dinner.
board game.
20  Are you going to help your father do
11  They love to go camping in the some gardening this weekend?
summer.

4.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 24 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Adam and Emily are having a coffee in a caf waiting for Lucas to arrive.

Adam Its nice out today. What would you like to do?
Emily I need to do some home repairs. And Id like to bake cookies.
Adam But its sunny and warm today. Wouldnt you like to go to the beach?
Emily Its windy at the beach.
Adam But its not cloudy or rainy or cold.
Emily Well, what would you like to do at the beach?
Adam Id like to go swimming.
Lucas arrives
Adam Hi, Lucas. Would you like to go to the beach with us today?
Lucas Id really like to go to the beach, but.
Adam But?
Lucas My girlfriend Sarah would like to bake cookies instead. And I
Adam I have an idea! Emily, would you like to bake cookies with Sarah today?

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4
Dialogue 2
Choose Yes or No.
1 Its good weather for the beach. Yes / No
2 Adam would like to have a picnic at the beach. Yes / No
3 Emily and Sarah would like to go to the beach. Yes / No

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

4.3
Pronunciation
Reduction of would you
Audio 25 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
/wd j/ /wd/
1 Would you like to have a picnic?
2 Would you like to go swimming?
3 What would you like to do?
4 Where would you like to go?
5 When would you like to meet?

Indoors and outdoors 39

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4.4
Grammar 1
would like + infinitive
Audio 26 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Would you like to go swimming / go to the beach / have a picnic?
Id like to go swimming / go to the beach / have a picnic.

What would you like to do? Where would you like to go?
Id like to go camping. Id like to go to the museum.

Grammar 2 Contraction Tip


I would Id
Match the questions and answers.
1 What would you like to eat? a
Id like to have a picnic.
2 Would you like to go to the gym? b
Id like to go somewhere warm.
3 Where would you like to go? c
Id like to have some pasta.
4 Would you like to go swimming? d
Sure. Id like to exercise.
5 When would you like to meet? e
How about Saturday at noon?
6 What would you like to do at the park? f Id like to but I dont know how to swim.

Grammar 3
Use would like or wouldnt like + the infinitive of the verbs in the box to
complete the dialogue.

go to the beach (x3)bake cookies (x3)go swimmingdo (x2)

Adam Its nice out today. 1 What you ?


Emily I need to do some home repairs. And I
2
.
Adam But its sunny and warm today. 3
you ?
Emily Its windy at the beach.
Adam But its not cloudy or rainy or cold.
Emily 4 Well, what you at the beach?
Adam I 5
.
Lucas arrives
Adam 6 Hi, Lucas. you with us today?
Lucas I7
really , but .
Adam But?
Lucas 8 My girlfriend Sarah instead.
Adam I have an idea! Emily,
9
you with Sarah today?

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4

4.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

FREEZING FUN
Would you like to go to the beach in the winter time? Most people would
say no. In the winter, people stay inside and avoid the cold weather.
Snow and cold temperatures make most people put on more clothes,
light a fire, and make some hot tea.
But all over the world there are people who like to go swimming outside
in cold weather. These people belong to groups called polar bear clubs.
Polar bear clubs are for people who like to go swimming during the
winter as a hobby. Since it isnt safe to go swimming in the cold alone,
people go in groups.
Some polar bear clubs go swimming all through the winter. Many people
dress up in costumes but some just wear bathing suits. They go once a
week or more. Almost all polar bear clubs do a big cold swim on New
Years Day. Some groups call the big swim on New Years Day the polar
plunge. People who arent even in the polar bear clubs come and swim
at these events. Would you ever take the polar plunge? Or would you like
to stay inside during the winter and bake some cookies instead?

1 People normally spend all of their time outside in the winter. True / False
2 Some people like to go swimming in the winter time. True / False
3 There are polar bear clubs all over the world. True / False
4 There is a big cold swim on Christmas Day. True / False

Indoors and outdoors 41

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4.6
Listening
Audio 27 Listen. Match the weather to the activity.
1 rainy a
picnic
2 warm and sunny b
beach
3 cold c
camping
4 cloudy d
hiking
1 2 3 4

4.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Talk about the weather today. Whats it like outside?
What would you like to do today? Talk about your plans.
What do you like to do on sunny days? On rainy days? Talk about your favorite
activities to do in different kinds of weather.

4.8
Writing
You are inviting a friend to do something today. Suggest an activity based on
the weather. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or your
teacher for feedback.
Today it is raining. I think it will be cloudy all day. Would you like to go to a movie? Id like to
see a movie downtown. What time could you meet me?

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5 Movies

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Types of movies
Adjectives to describe movies
Dialogue
Three people discussing what type of movie
they want to watch
Pronunciation
Emphatic stress on intensifiers
Grammar
Adverbs of intensity
Reading
Love movies?
Listening
People talking about their favorite and least
favorite movies
Speaking
Talking about your favorite movie
Writing
Writing a review about the most recent movie
you saw

Movies 43

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5.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 28 Read and listen to the words.

actionanimatedcomedydocumentarydramahorror
romantic comedysci-fithrillerboring
complicatedentertaining
funnyexciting romanticsad
scary

1 2 3

4 5

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 Its a movie set in the future.
a horror b documentary
c comedy d sci-fi
2 I want to see a comedy, but my sister wants to see a .
a horror b drama
c romantic d film
3 Theyre watching .
a a drama b an action film
c a comedy d a horror movie
4 Id like something exciting, so lets go see !
a an action movie b an animated movie
c a romantic comedy d a documentary
5 The movie is a about real people who live in the desert.
a thriller b comedy
c documentary d drama

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5
6 6 This is about an escaped killer. 8

a animated movie b romantic comedy


c science fiction d thriller
7 My sisters favorite movie is about a group of dogs.
a an action movie b an animated film
c a sci-fi film d a romantic comedy
7 8 A really good movie will scare you for days. 9
a action b horror
c sci-fi d animated
9 Two people fall in love in most .
a thrillers b dramas
c romantic comedies d action movies

Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 They think the movie is long and .
a sad b entertaining c boring d
exciting
2 That action film has a very ending.
a funny b exciting c sad d
animated
3 Hes crying because the movie is so .
a sad b funny c complicated d
scary
4 If a movie is very , you might scream.
a scary b sad c funny d
entertaining
1 2 3

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5 6 7 8

5 They finally fall in love at the end of the movie. Its so !


a funny b sad c scary d
romantic
6 That old movie is so , I laugh every time I see it.
a funny b romantic c
scary d
sad
7 The story is very because there are a lot of people in it.
a complicated b romantic c
funny d
boring
8 That movie is so , I can watch it again and again.
a animated b boring c entertaining d
sad

Vocabulary 4
Audio 29 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 Its a sci-fi movie set in the future.
2 I want to see a comedy, but my sister wants to see a drama.
3 Theyre watching a comedy.
4 Id like something exciting, so lets go see an action movie!
5 The movie is a documentary about real people who live in the desert.
6 This thriller is about an escaped killer.
7 My sisters favorite movie is an animated film about a group of dogs.
8 A really good horror movie will scare you for days.
9 Two people fall in love in most romantic comedies.
10 They think the movie is long and boring.
11 That action film has a very exciting ending.
12 Hes crying because the movie is so sad.
13 If a movie is very scary, you might scream.
14 They finally fall in love at the end of the movie. Its so romantic!
15 That old movie is so funny, I laugh every time I see it.
16 The story is very complicated because there are lots of people in it.
17 That movie is so entertaining I can watch it again and again.
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5

5.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 30 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Carla, Tony and Alan are going to the movies. Theyre trying to decide on a movie.

Carla Lets go see a romantic comedy! I love romantic comedies.


Tony Comedies are funny. Romantic comedies are really boring.
Alan That new horror movie is playing now.
Carla Alan, horror movies are so scary.
Alan This one isnt extremely scary.
Carla Oh, yes, it is! Its very scary. And its a little sad.
Tony Id like to see a good action movie.
Alan Action movies arent very entertaining.
Tony Whatever. Action movies are really exciting.
Alan I have an idea. Carla and Tony, would you like to see a sci-fi movie?
Tony Well, sci-fi movies are really exciting.
Carla And theyre kind of romantic.
Alan Perfect. That was a little too complicated!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Who likes romantic comedies?
a Tony b Carla c Alan
2 Who doesnt like horror movies?
a Tony b Carla c Alan
3 Who doesnt like action movies?
a Tony b Carla c Alan
4 What type of movie do they decide to see?
a comedy b action c sci-fi

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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5.3
Pronunciation
Emphatic stress for intensifiers
Audio 31 Listen. Then practice saying the sentences.
1 The report is kind of complicated.
2 Her new book is extremely funny.
3 His music is really entertaining.
4 The story is so sad.
5 This movie isnt very scary.
6 The new apartments arent really big.

5.4
Grammar 1
Adverbs of intensity: very, really, so, a little, kind of, extremely
Audio 32 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
1 The movie is very funny.
2 His horror movies arent really scary.
3 This animated film is so realistic.
4 That new sci-fi movie is a little confusing.
5 The story is kind of complicated.
6 His movies are extremely boring.

Grammar 2
Match the sentences.
1 I dont understand the movie. a
Its kind of complicated.
2 Are you crying? b
Its a little boring.
3 This movie is making me fall asleep. c
The story is so sad.
4 I cant stop laughing. d
Its not very scary.
5 Is this a horror movie? e
This movie is extremely funny.
6 I want to see that movie again. f
Its really entertaining.

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5
Grammar 3
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker uses an adverb
of intensity.

Carla Lets go see a romantic comedy! I love romantic comedies.


Tony Comedies are funny. Romantic comedies are really boring.
Alan That new horror movie is playing now.
Carla Alan, horror movies are so scary.
Alan This one isnt extremely scary.
Carla Oh, yes, it is! Its very scary. And its a little sad.
Tony Id like to see a good action movie.
Alan Action movies arent very entertaining.
Tony Whatever. Action movies are really exciting.
Alan I have an idea. Carla and Tony, would you like to see a sci-fi movie?
Tony Well, sci-fi movies are really exciting.
Carla And theyre kind of romantic.
Alan Perfect. That was a little too complicated!

5.5
Reading
Read the reviews. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.
1 Dont Do It is a romantic comedy. True / False
2 The Waves of Whales is boring. True / False
3 Scatterbot is an animated film. True / False
4 The writer liked Shes the Best. True / False

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M O V I E S ?
E
Do you like movies?

L OV Here are some advance reviews


of some upcoming movies.

Dont Do It
This action film is so exciting
that you will have trouble sitting
The Waves
still. The main character is very of Whales
interesting. The fight scenes This documentary is extremely
are really fun and the plot twist boring. I love whales but I
at the end is very surprising. wanted to leave about halfway
Stay after the credits if you through the movie. It was also
want some scenes from another kind of sad. There is nothing
upcoming movie. exciting about this movie. I dont
recommend it.

Scatterbot
This adorable animated film
is fun for children and adults.
The beginning of the story is
very sad. But then it gets really
funny. The main character is
an extremely cute robot. I
highly recommend this very
entertaining movie.

Shes the Best


Even if you like romantic comedies I
dont recommend this one. The plot is
very complicated and kind of boring. It
isnt very funny or romantic. I didnt like
any of the characters. Dont waste your
time seeing this movie.

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5

5.6
Listening
Audio 33 Listen. Then choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 2 3 4

1 Gina wants to [live in Italy / be an actress]. Shed like to [be in a drama / marry a
famous actor] .
2 Martin is a [filmmaker and director / local TV actor] . He makes documentaries
and [TV commercials / nature programs] .
3 Mike is a [costume designer / martial artist] . His new movie is called
[Welcome to Chinatown / Eyes of the Tiger] .
4 She likes to see horror films and [science fiction / thrillers] . Her favorite movie is
called [The Hotel / The Mysterious Secret] .

5.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What kind of movies do you like? Name a few examples.
Whats the name of your favorite movie? Whats it about? Why do you like it?
Do you remember seeing a really bad movie? Whats it about? Why is it bad?

5.8
Writing
Write a review of the most recent movie you saw. You can choose a new movie
you saw in the theater or something you saw on TV. Describe the type of
movie it was. Give your opinion and advise people whether its a good movie
to see or not. Follow the example. Then show your review to a partner or your
teacher for feedback.
The last movie I watched was Blue Jasmine. It was a great film! It was more of a drama than
a comedy. It had funny parts and sad parts. It had romance. I dont want to spoil the plot.
The main actress was wonderful. She won an Oscar!

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6 Music

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Music types
How people listen to music
Dialogue
Friends discussing music
Pronunciation
Emphatic stress for intensifiers
Grammar
Qualifiers
Reading
Musical habits
Listening
People talking about their favorite music and
how they listen to it
Speaking
Talking about your favorite music
Writing
Writing about how different people listen to
music

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6

6.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 34 Read and listen to the words.

classicaldanceheavy metalhip-hopjazzpopraprock
movie soundtracks CDslivemp3 playersonlineradio

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 My sister has a lot of CDs.
a pop b heavy metal c MP3 d
classical
2 Most of the songs at the club are music.
a dance b movie soundtrack c classical d
radio
3 My parents like a lot of music.
a hip-hop b CD c MP3 d
rock
4 They play lots of songs on the radio.
a classical b pop c live d 
movie soundtracks
5 Her music collection has a lot of from her favorite films.
a hip-hop b rap c movie soundtracks d dance
6 Almost none of my music is .
a CD b radio c classical d 
movie soundtrack
7 Most of his favorite music is .
a hip-hop b MP3 c online d
classical

1 2 3 4

5 6 7

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 She listens to a lot of rock music .
a MP3 player b live c radio d
online
2 Do you use to listen to music?
a a radio b CDs c a computer d
an MP3 player
3 Almost all of my music is .
a on MP3 b on CDs c online d
live
4 My father loves to listen to the .
a computer b CD c MP3 d
radio
5 We enjoy going to concerts to hear some music.
a live b CD c MP3 d
online
6 A few of my brothers CDs are music.
a MP3 b online c radio d
rap
7 I like most songs, but all my favorites have a saxophone.
a rap b live c jazz d
online

1 2 3

4 5 6

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6
Vocabulary 4
Audio 35 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 My sister has a lot of heavy metal CDs.
2 Most of the songs at the club are dance music.
3 My parents like a lot of rock music.
4 They play lots of pop songs on the radio.
5 She has a few movie soundtracks in her music collection.
6 Almost none of my music is classical.
7 Most of his favorite music is hip-hop.
8 She listens to a lot of rock music online.
9 Do you use an MP3 player to listen to music?
10 Almost all of my music is on CD.
11 My father loves to listen to the radio.
12 We enjoy going to concerts to hear some live music.
13 A few of my brothers CDs are rap music.
14 I like most jazz songs, but all my favorites have a saxophone.

6.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 36 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Julie, Gloria and Ricky are in the park.

Julie Gloria, what kind of music do you like?


Gloria I love movie soundtracks. Very few stores have a good selection, but thats
not a problem. I shop online for MP3s.
Julie I have a new MP3 player, and I buy most of my dance music online, too.
Gloria Ricky, you like heavy metal music, dont you?
Ricky Yes, I do. Most good heavy metal music is from the 1980s.
Gloria Really?
Ricky Oh, yeah. My cousin gave me a lot of heavy metal CDs from the 80s.
Julie Does he still like heavy metal music?
Ricky She is 49 years old and she loves it. But now she only likes live music.
Julie Is she rich? Almost all live concerts are expensive. What does she do?
Ricky Shes not rich, but she doesnt have a problem going to a lot of live
concerts.
Gloria How come?
Ricky Shes the singer in a heavy metal band.

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Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Who doesnt shop online for music?
a Gloria b Ricky c Julie
2 Who listens to music on an MP3 player?
a Gloria b Ricky c Julie
3 Who likes only live music?
a Glorias mother b Julies sister c Rickys cousin

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

6.3
Pronunciation
Reduction of of in quantifying expressions
Audio 37 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
Most of them dont listen to jazz.
A lot of my friends like hip-hop music.
None of the songs on the radio today are original.
Some of my friends listen to rap music.
All of the CDs that I have are really old.
A few of the students like classical music.

6.4
Grammar 1
Quantifiers: (almost) all (of the), most (of the), a lot of (the),
some (of the), a few (of the), (almost) none of + noun
Audio 38 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Almost all of the people like to listen to music.
Most people listen to music online.
A lot of radio stations play pop music.
A few stations play classical music.
None of my friends like rap music.

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6
Grammar 2
Match the sentences.
1 Most people dont buy CDs anymore. a My parents dont let me listen to it.
2 A lot of my friends like hip-hop music. b She says Lady Gaga puts on the best
show.
3 None of the songs on the radio today c They all sound the same to me.
are original.
4 Some rap music can be violent. d I dont buy new ones anymore.
5 Sheila goes to a few concerts a year. e They buy music online.
6 All of the CDs that I have are really old. f They dance to it at parties.

Grammar 3
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker uses a
qualifier.

Julie Gloria, what kind of music do you like?


Gloria I love movie soundtracks. Very few stores have a good selection, but thats
not a problem. I shop online for mp3s.
Julie I have a new mp3 player, and I buy most of my dance music online, too.
Gloria Ricky, you like heavy metal music, dont you?
Ricky Yes, I do. Most good heavy metal music is from the 1980s.
Gloria Really?
Ricky Oh, yeah. My cousin gave me a lot of heavy metal CDs from the 80s.
Julie Does he still like heavy metal music?
Ricky She is 49 years old and she loves it. But now she only likes live music.
Julie Is she rich? Almost all live concerts are expensive. What does she do?
Ricky Shes not rich, but she doesnt have a problem going to a lot of live
concerts.
Gloria How come?
Ricky Shes the singer in a heavy metal band.

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6.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the correct person for
each item.

Musical habits How do you like to listen to


music? We asked some people
about their music habits.

Kendall
I like to stream music while I work.
Its great because I can listen to it
from my phone or on my computer.
Its like the radio only you can
choose the types of music. When
Im trying to concentrate I like to
listen to movie soundtracks. Raymond
I almost always listen to music
when Im at home. I dont really
like MP3s so I listen to my music on
CDs. I have a CD player that can
hold up to 100 CDs. It is great. I
just need to remember where each
CD is. I like to listen to opera, jazz,
and classical music.
01.53

Cynthia
I listen to a lot of music in my car.
I drive as part of my job. I listen to
satellite radio. I also listen to MP3s on
my phone. When Im in the car for a
long time, I listen to a lot of rock and
dance music to keep me awake.

1 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] listens to music during work.


2 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] listens to music at home.
3 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] listens to music in the car.
4 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] doesnt really like MP3s.
5 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] likes streaming music.
6 [Kendall / Raymond / Cynthia] listens to satellite radio and MP3s.
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6

6.6
Listening
Audio 39 Listen. Write the words and phrases in the correct place.

listens at nightlikes classic rocklocal bands play folk and rock


knows the words to all her favorite songstourists listen and join in
likes Indian music, Mexican love songs, and Korean pop
plays with other musicians downtownlikes to sing and dance and act a little crazy
1 1 street musician

2 2 goes to outdoor concerts



3 3 enjoys music from around the world



4 4 listens to music in the car



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6.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Whats your favorite kind of music? Who are your favorite bands or artists? Why do
you like them?
When do you listen to music? Do you listen at home? Do you like listening to music
on the way to work or school? Talk about your listening habits.

6.8
Writing
Write about how you and the people you know listen to music. Explain why
people choose different formats for listening. Follow the example. Then show
your writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
My parents listen to music on the radio in the car and the radio in the kitchen. They also
listen to CDs. My brother and I use headphones on our smart phones. Sometimes, we play
music through the computer, too. My parents like music to play aloud in the room they are
in. Id rather listen through headphones on the bus or in my room. My dad says hell never
use headphones.

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7 Groceries

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Food/drinks/groceries
Dialogue
Two people discussing their shopping list
Pronunciation
Reduction of /t/ before unstressed syllables
Grammar
Questions with How many/much
Count and non-count nouns with many, a lot, a
few, a little
Reading
Superfoods are super good for you
Listening
People talking about what they normally eat
every week
Speaking
Talking about what you eat/drink every week
Writing
Writing about your favorite dish that you like to
make at home

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7.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 40 Read and listen to the words.

applebananabeans
butter
carrotscerealflourgrapesjam
noodles
onions
orange juicepotatoes ricetea

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.

applesbananasoranges grapesflour
teaonions
apple juiceorange juicedinnercoffee
1 How many do we have?
2 I want some .
3 We have a few .
4 How much do we need?
5 We dont have a lot of at home.
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

applescarrots
orangesgrapes
butter
potatoes
flournoodles
1 Would you like some ?
2 Please put a little on my bread.
3 We have a lot of .
4 My son ate most of the in his bowl.
5 Would you like a few for your salad?
1 2 3 4 5

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7
Vocabulary 4
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.

beansricecerealflourpotatoes
onionsnoodles
jamorange juice
grapesapples
oranges
1 He has some in a jar at work.
2 Please cut some of the for dinner.
3 Theres a lot of for breakfast.
4 Are there many in his bowl?
5 How much do we need? Get a very big bag!
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 5
Audio 41 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 How many apples do we have?
2 I want some tea.
3 We have a few bananas.
4 How much orange juice do we need?
5 We dont have a lot of flour at home.
6 Would you like some grapes?
7 Please put a little butter on my bread.
8 We have a lot of potatoes.
9 My son ate most of the noodles in his bowl.
10 Would you like a few carrots for your salad?
11 He has some cereal in a jar at work.
12 Please cut some of the onions for dinner.
13 Theres a lot of jam for breakfast.
14 Are there many beans in this bowl?
15 How much rice do we need? Get a very big bag!

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7.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 42 Read and listen to the dialogue.

Dylan Would you go to the store? I need a few things to make dinner.
Ciara Sure. What do you need?
Dylan Heres a list.
Ciara Okay. You need flour and eggs. How many eggs do you need?
Dylan Ummm I need a lot of eggs maybe a dozen.
Ciara And you need some bananas and milk. How many bananas do you need?
Dylan I only need a few bananas. But I need a lot of milk.
Ciara So two or three bananas and a gallon of milk.
Dylan Yes. And dont forget butter and grape jam.
Ciara Wait. How much butter and jam do you have?
Dylan We dont have any butter, but we do have some grape jam.
Ciara So how much butter and jam do you need?
Dylan I dont know exactly. A lot of butter but just a little jam.
Ciara Okay. But whats for dinner? It doesnt sound very healthy.
Dylan A quiche.
Ciara Thats not healthy. Quiche has a lot of eggs, and a lot of milk, and a lot of
butter, too.
Dylan Dont be silly. It is healthy. Its a vegetable quiche.
Ciara Then what are the other things for?
Dylan Dessert! Peanut butter and bananas with grape jam!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answer.
1 What isnt on the list?
a eggs b ham c butter
2 How much grape jam does Dylan have?
a a little b many c a lot
3 Why is Ciara concerned about dinner?
a its healthy b its fruit c
its unhealthy

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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7

7.3
Pronunciation
Reduction of /t/ before unstressed syllables
Audio 43 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
a lot of
a little
go to the store
buy some butter
tomatoes
potatoes

7.4
Grammar 1
Questions with How many/much
Audio 44 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
How many eggs do we have?
We have a dozen.
Use How many for count nouns. Tip
(eggs, carrots, potatoes)
How much rice do we need? Use How much for non-count
nouns. (water, bread, rice)
We need two cups.

How many carrots do we need to make the stew?


We need two carrots.

How much milk do we have in the fridge?


We have a gallon.

Grammar 2
Choose the correct word to complete each question.
1 How [many / much] potatoes do we have?
2 How [many / much] sugar do we need for the cake?
3 How [many / much] juice do we have left in the fridge?
4 How [many / much] oranges do we have in the bag?
5 How [many / much] lemons do we need to buy?
6 How [many / much] butter do we need for the recipe?

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Grammar 3
Count and non-count nouns with many, a lot, a few, a little
Audio 45 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
We have many eggs in the fridge.
We dont have many potatoes left.
Many and a few are used for Tip
count nouns.
We have a lot of butter. A little is used for non-count
We dont have a lot of pasta. nouns.
We only have a few carrots. A lot is used for count and non-
count nouns.
We have a little milk left in the carton.

Grammar 4
Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 There is only [a lot / a few / a little] cereal in this box.
2 Dont buy any onions. We have [much / a few / a little].
3 Can you pick up some eggs? We only have [many / a few / a little] left in the
fridge.
4 Can you buy some sugar at the store? We dont have [many / a lot / a little] left.
5 I made [a lot / a few / a little] of cookies for the party tomorrow.
6 The recipe says we only need [many / a few / a little] milk.

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7
Grammar 5
Complete the conversation with many or much.

Dylan Would you go to the store? I need a few things to make dinner.
Ciara Sure. What do you need?
Dylan Heres a list.
Ciara Okay. You need flour and eggs. How 1 eggs do you need?
Dylan Ummm I need a lot of eggs maybe a dozen.
Ciara And you need some bananas and milk. How 2 bananas do you
need?
Dylan I only need a few bananas. But I need a lot of milk.
Ciara So two or three bananas and a gallon of milk.
Dylan Yes. And dont forget butter and grape jam.
Ciara Wait. How 3 butter and jam do you have?
Dylan We dont have any butter, but we do have some grape jam.
Ciara So how 4 butter and jam do you need?
Dylan I dont know exactly. A lot of butter but just a little jam.
Ciara Okay. But whats for dinner? It doesnt sound very healthy.
Dylan A quiche.
Ciara Thats not healthy. Quiche has a lot of eggs, and a lot of milk, and a lot of
butter, too.
Dylan Dont be silly. It is healthy. Its a vegetable quiche.
Ciara Then what are the other things for?
Dylan Dessert! Peanut butter and bananas with grape jam!

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7.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Superfoods are super good for you


E ating healthy can be hard. Food that tastes good isnt always good for you.
Fast food tastes good and is easy, but its bad for you. It has a lot of calories
and cholesterol. One of the easiest ways to eat healthier is to cook at home more
and eat out less. Try to make your own lunch a few times a week. You can make
healthy lunches like salads or sandwiches with fresh meats and veggies.
Another way to eat healthier is to try to add some so-called superfoods into
your diet. Superfoods, like kale, blueberries, yogurt, beans, eggs, salmon, nuts,
and green tea, are good for your health. They have a lot of nutrition and they can
help control conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Its easy to
add some superfoods into your diet.
For breakfast try having a little yogurt or some eggs with a few blueberries instead
of just cereal. At lunchtime, try a salad with some beans and kale. Salmon is a
good and healthy main dish to make for dinner. You only have to make a few
changes to eat healthier.

1 Fast food is good for you. True / False


2 You can eat healthier by cooking at home. True / False
3 Blueberries are a superfood. True / False
4 Superfoods dont have a lot of nutrition. True / False
5 It is easy to add superfoods into your diet. True / False

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7

7.6
Listening
Audio 46 Listen. Write the words and phrases in the correct place.

lots of waterdoughnuts almonds and other nutsfruit and yogurtpasta


green saladraw vegetablescoffee potato chips and other snacks
fish and ricesteak and eggsbrown rice
1 1 Police officer


2 2 Athlete


3 3 Business owner


4 4 Vegetarian


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7.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What do you like to eat at home? Whats in it? Talk about the ingredients.
What do you like to eat between meals? Talk about your favorite snacks.
Whats your favorite restaurant? What do they serve? Talk about your favorite dish.

7.8
Writing
Write about your favorite dish that you like to make at home. Whats in it? List
the ingredients. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or
your teacher for feedback.
My favorite dish to make is black bean soup. It is easy to make and only takes a few
ingredients. I always have beans, onions, and tomatoes. I sometimes use dried beans and
sometimes use canned beans. The recipe makes a huge pot and can feed many people. We
eat it with chips, guacamole, and cheese. I usually make a lot of rice, too.

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8 Getting
a job

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Interview terms
Dialogue
A job interview
Pronunciation
R-controlled vowels
Grammar
Questions with How + adverbs (often/far/well/
fast)
Questions with know how + infinitive
Reading
Things you need to know to get a job
Listening
People talking about their abilities
Speaking
Talking about what makes you a good student or
employee
Writing
Writing about what makes you a good job
candidate

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8.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 47 Read and listen to the words.

it takes an hour to get herespeak Englishtypeuse social networking sites


use this softwarework alonework in a groupwork with customers
write emails in Englishwrite reports

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
1 How well do you work [alone / with this software / in a group / in English]?
2 Do you know how to use this [software / work / group / report]?
3 I can write [software / networks / reports] very well.
4 How fast can he [speak / network / type / get to work]?
5 All of our team can [speak / work / network] English.

1 2

3 4 5

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8
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
1 Do you know how to use [report / customer / social networking / job] sites?
2 He likes to work with [reports / software / social networking / customers].
3 It [reports / takes an hour to get / networks] here from home.
4 She works best [in a network / alone / in a group].
5 How often do you [write emails / work in a group / work with customers] in
English?

1 2 3

4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 48 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 How well do you work in a group?
2 Do you know how to use this software?
3 I can write reports very well.
4 How fast can he type?
5 All of our team can speak English.
6 Do you know how to use social networking sites?
7 He likes to work with customers.
8 It takes an hour to get here from home.
9 She works best alone.
10 How often do you write emails in English?

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8.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 49 Read and listen to the dialogue.

Ms. Chen Carlos, I like your resum. You have some good skills!
Carlos Thank you, Ms. Chen. I would like to be one of your companys
customer service representatives.
Ms. Chen We are the number one social networking site. Do you know how to
use our site?
Carlos Yes, I do know how to use your site.
Ms. Chen How often do you use our site?
Carlos I use the site all the time. In fact, I use it to communicate with my family
in Canada.
Ms. Chen Really? Do you know how to speak English?
Carlos I do. And I also know how to speak French. My mother is Canadian.
Ms. Chen Very good. How well do you write emails in English?
Carlos I know how to write excellent emails in English.
Ms. Chen We email and text often with our customers. How fast do you type?
Carlos I dont know exactly, Ms. Chen.
Carlos gets a text message and starts to type an answer.
Ms. Chen Carlos! This is a job interview. It isnt a good time for you to text.
Carlos But, look. This is how fast I type!

Dialogue 2
Read the sentences. Choose True or False.
1 Carlos would like to work at a social networking site. True / False
2 Carlos learned French from his mother. True / False
3 Carlos doesnt know how to write emails in English. True / False
4 Ms. Chen doesnt need to know how fast Carlos types. True / False

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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8

8.3
Pronunciation
R-controlled vowels
Audio 50 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
farcarworkcustomersreportssoftwarehourhere

8.4
Grammar 1
Questions with How + adverbs (often/far/well/fast)
Audio 51 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
How often do you use social networking sites?
I always use social networking sites.

How far is your home from here?


Its about 30 minutes by train.
How often = to ask about frequency Tip
How far = to ask about distance
How well do you speak English? How well = to ask about ability
I speak fluently. How fast = to ask about speed

How fast do you type?


I can type about 60 words per minute.

Grammar 2
Use the words in the box to complete the questions.

faroften (x2)well (x2)fast


1 a: How do you write emails in English?
b: Around two or three times a day.
2 a: How does Jack speak Korean?
b: Not very fluently.
3 a: How do they use this software?
b: They are not too familiar with it.
4 a: How does Lily live from the office?
b: Not too far. About 10 minutes away.
5 a: How do you run?
b: Im very slow.
6 a: How does he have to write reports?
b: About once or twice a month.
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Grammar 3
Questions with know how + infinitive
Audio 52 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Do you know how to use this software?
Yes, I do.
Does he know how to drive a car?
No, he doesnt.
Does she know how to speak Chinese?
Yes, she does.
Do they know how to use all kinds of design software?
Yes, they do.

Grammar 4
Match the questions and answers.
1 Do you know how to speak French? a 
No, he doesnt. He only writes in
English.
2 Does Ming know how to use this software? b
Of course! Shes a chef.
3 Does Suzanna know how to cook really well? c 
No. I only work with them over
the phone or email.
4 Do the students know how to write reports? d
Yes. He uses it at his job.
5 Do you work face-to-face with customers? e 
Yes, I can speak a little.
6 Does he have to write emails in Japanese? f 
Yes, they do. They learned in
class.

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8
Grammar 5
Complete the dialogue. Use know how + infinitive.

use (x2)speak (x2)write

Ms. Chen Carlos, I like your resum. You have some good skills!
Carlos Thank you, Ms. Chen. I would like to be one of your companys
customer service representatives.
Ms. Chen We are the number one social networking site. 1 you
our site?
Carlos 2
Yes, I your site.
Ms. Chen How often do you use our site?
Carlos I use the site all the time. In fact, I use it to communicate with my family
in Canada.
Ms. Chen Really? 3 you English?
Carlos I do. And I also
4
French. My mother is Canadian.
Ms. Chen Very good. How well do you write emails in English?
Carlos 5
I excellent emails in English.
Ms. Chen We email and text often with our customers. How fast do you type?
Carlos I dont know exactly, Ms. Chen.
Carlos gets a text message and starts to type an answer.
Ms. Chen Carlos! This is a job interview. It isnt a good time for you to text.
Carlos But, look. This is how fast I type!

8.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Things you Do you know how to use a computer? How good are you at using
social networking for work? How fast can you learn a new language?

need to know How good are you at making work contacts at parties?

These questions all have one thing in common: they are all things you might be asked at
to get a job a job interview. Computer skills, speaking multiple languages, and even being good with
social media are all necessary skills in todays job market.
There arent many office jobs that you can do without a computer. Just to get in the door
at most companies you need to know how to type and use most basic types ofoffice
software.
The better the job, the more skills they expect you to have. There are many companies
that expect all of their employees to speak multiple languages. Some companies want
all of their higher executives to be good at using social media so that they can help the
brand online.

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1 You dont need to know how to use a computer to get an office job. True / False
2 Some companies want their employees to speak multiple languages. True / False
3 Most companies expect you to be able to type. True / False
4 You cant get a job by being good with social media. True / False
5 Practicing your skills will help you get a job. True / False

8.6
Listening
Audio 53 Listen. Choose the correct words to complete each sentence.
1 Miguel wants to work in [the entertainment industry / a hotel or restaurant].
Hes good [with people / at doing interviews].
2 Cindy is a [website designer / technical writer]. She specializes in [computer
manuals / graphic design].
3 Bonnie is looking for a job [in an office / as a police officer]. She is good at
[learning languages / dealing with problems].
4 Jamal wants to [finish his degree / apply to the teacher-training program]. Hed
like to [teach English overseas / help people with the application process].

1 2 3 4

8.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What makes you a good student? Are you good at taking notes? Do you know how
to use the library? Talk about your skills.
Do you have a job? What do you do? Talk about your duties and responsibilities.
Are you looking for a job? What kind of job do you want? What kind of skills do you
need for that job? What skills are you working on?

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8

8.8
Writing
Read the job descriptions, and choose one for which you might be a good
candidate. Write why you would be good at the job. Think about convincing
the hiring manager. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner
or your teacher for feedback.

Hotel Front Desk Receptionist


Open position for a front desk receptionist at a luxury hotel. Candidate needs to
be polite and friendly. Work includes looking up hotel room reservations on the
computer. Receptionist handles payments and processes credit cards. We are
looking for someone to work weekends and evenings.
Department Store Salesperson
A large department store is looking for more salespeople in several departments.
Candidate must be flexible. Job requires helping busy departments as needed.
Salesperson must be courteous and helpful with customer requests. Its important
to help sell clothing that must be sold before the next season.
Hospital Emergency Room Attendant
A local hospital is looking for an energetic candidate to help register emergency
room patients. You must be able to react quickly. Candidate should be able to help
manage large groups of people. No medical training needed. Some note keeping
and typing required.
Restaurant Server
A small, busy, waterfront restaurant is looking for a server. Must be able to
accurately take customers orders and describe menu items. Small space requires
someone who can move quickly and carefully while bringing drinks and food to
the tables.

I would be excellent as a hospital emergency room attendant. I react quickly. I know how to
handle stressful situations. I am a great listener but can also give clear orders. I know how
to enter notes into a computer. I can also keep notes on hospital charts. I have worked in
doctors offices. Id love to work at the hospital.

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9 This
weekend

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Weekend activities
Dialogue
Making weekend plans
Pronunciation
Final -ing
Grammar
Present continuous review:
questions and statements
Future with present continuous
Reading
Social media and being social
Listening
People talking about their plans for the
weekend
Speaking
Talking about your plans for this weekend
Writing
Writing about your familys plans for the
weekend

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9

9.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 54 Read and listen to the words.

attend a festivalgo dancinghave a barbecuehost a party


shop at the farmers marketsing karaokespend time onlinetake a nap
try out a new restaurantvisit some friends

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 Im time online later this afternoon.
a doing b spending c having d
making
2 Were dancing Saturday night.
a doing b taking c going d
having
3 My grandmother is some friends tomorrow.
a visiting b taking c having d
going
4 Are you karaoke at the party?
a making b spending c having d
singing
5 Were a party at our home this weekend.
a going b hosting c doing d
taking

1 2 3

4 5

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 Theyre a new restaurant downtown for lunch tomorrow.
a singing at b taking c
shopping at d trying out
2 Im definitely a nap when I get home.
a trying out b taking c visiting d
making
3 My family is at the farmers market tomorrow morning.
a spending b shopping c arriving d
being
4 My friends and I are a music festival later this month.
a showing b having c attending d
making
5 Are you the barbecue in your back yard?
a having b taking c spending d
looking

1 2 5

3 4

Vocabulary 4
Audio 55 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 Im spending time online later this afternoon.
2 Were going dancing Saturday night.
3 My grandmother is visiting some friends tomorrow.
4 Are you singing karaoke at the party?
5 Were hosting a party at our home this weekend.
6 Theyre trying out a new restaurant downtown for lunch tomorrow.
7 Im definitely taking a nap when I get home.
8 My family is shopping at the farmers market tomorrow morning.
9 My friends and I are attending a music festival later this month.
10 Are you having the barbecue in your back yard?

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9

9.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 56 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Tai and his friend Rebeca are at work.

Tai What are you and John doing Saturday? Are you two able to attend the
music festival with Sandy and me?
Rebeca Were already doing a lot on Saturday. In the morning, were going to the
farmers market.
Tai Are you cooking a big dinner tomorrow afternoon?
Rebeca No. Im making sandwiches for a picnic with Johns family.
Tai Then do you have dinner plans? Sandy and I are trying out the new
restaurant downtown.
Rebeca Saturday evening were going to a barbecue with some of Johns work
friends.
Tai What are you doing Saturday night after the barbecue?
Rebeca Hmmm. After the barbecue, Im taking a nap! Then after that, were going
dancing! Why dont you and Sandy come with us?
Tai Thanks, but were singing karaoke in a competition Saturday night.
Rebeca That sounds fun! We all need to get together soon.
Tai I have an idea. After karaoke, were going to the 24-hour coffee shop with
some friends. What are you and John doing after you go dancing?
Rebeca Were going to the 24-hour coffee shop to celebrate the new karaoke
champions of the city!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Where is Rebeca going Saturday morning?
a to work b to the farmers market c to Tais house
2 What are Rebeca and John doing Saturday evening?
a going to a barbecue b going dancing c
singing karaoke
3 Who are Rebeca and John meeting after a night of dancing?
a Tai b Sandy c Tai and Sandy

Dialogue 3
Practice saying the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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9.3
Pronunciation
Final -ing
Audio 57 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
going dancing
spending taking
having shopping
trying singing

9.4
Grammar 1
Review of present continuous: questions and statements
Audio 58 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
What are you doing right now?
Im watching TV.

Who are you watching TV with?


Im watching TV with my cousins.

What is he eating?
Hes eating a cheese sandwich.

Where are they studying now?


Theyre studying at their friends house.

Something smells good. Are you cooking breakfast?


Yes, I am cooking.

Is she visiting some friends right now?


No, she isnt visiting any friends.

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9
Grammar 2
Write the verb in the correct form to complete each sentence. Use the present
continuous.
1 a: What (you do) right now?
b: (I watch) a movie with my family.
2 a: Where (Tom have) dinner?
b: (he eat) at his friends house.
3 a: (Samantha clean) her room now?
b: Yes, she is.
4 a: Who (they have) a picnic with?
b: With their friends from school.
5 a: (Joe and Kelley try out) that new restaurant?
b: No, they arent.

Grammar 3
Future with present continuous
Audio 59 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Im attending a festival in Brazil the day after tomorrow.
Youre not going to the farmers market next weekend.
Hes going to a barbecue with his friends a week from today.
She isnt seeing her friends tonight.
Were having a party next Saturday.
Theyre not going hiking this Sunday.

Is he playing basketball tomorrow morning?


No, he isnt.
Are they visiting some friends next weekend?
Yes, they are.
Future time expressions Tip
tonight
the day after tomorrow
this Saturday
next weekend
a week from today

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Grammar 4
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in the box. Use the
present continuous.

go
not haveplaymeetnot sing
travel
1 Denise her cousins the day after tomorrow.
2 Susan and Harvey friends over tonight.
3 I to a concert this weekend.
4 you golf next weekend?
5 They around Asia a week from tomorrow.
6 She karaoke tonight.

Grammar 5
Use the verbs in the box to complete the dialogue. Use the simple present or
present continuous.

soundhavedo (x4)get
be ablecooknot come
go (x5)sing
trying outmaketake
need

Tai What
1
you and John Saturday? 2 you
two to attend the music festival with Sandy and me?
Rebeca We
3
already a lot on Saturday. 4 In the morning,
we to the farmers market.
Tai 5
you a big dinner tomorrow afternoon?
Rebeca 6 No. I sandwiches for a picnic with Johns family.
Tai 7
Then you dinner plans? 8 Sandy and I
the new restaurant downtown.
Rebeca 9
Saturday evening we to a barbecue with some of Johns work
friends.
Tai 10
What you Saturday night after the barbecue?
Rebeca Hmmm. After the barbecue, I
11
a nap! 12 Then after that,
we dancing! Why
13
you and Sandy
withus?
Tai 14
Thanks, but we karaoke in a competition Saturday night.
Rebeca 15
That fun! We all
16
to get together soon.
Tai 17
I an idea. After karaoke, we
18
to the 24-hour
coffee shop with some friends. 19 What you and John
after you go dancing?
Rebeca 20
We to the 24-hour coffee shop to celebrate the new karaoke
champions of the city!

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9

9.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Social media and being social


Social media can be a good way to keep the people who live close to you. Many
in touch with friends and family who live people who have very active social lives
far away. Social media allows people to online dont spend as much time with
be better connected. It may be easier to their offline friends. Some people only
keep in touch with some people using use social media to contact their friends
social media because of where they live, both near and far away. This can be a
or because of their busy lives. problem.
You can also use social media to make You can make good friends on social
new friends. You can find people all over media. You can even use it to make
the world who share your passions and plans with people. Just make sure to
interests. Many people spend hours spend as much time with your
talking to their online friends. friends who are close by
There are a lot of good things about as you do with your social
social media, but sometimes it can media friends!
make you forget to spend time with

1 Social media is a good way to keep in touch with friends and


family who live far away. True / False
2 You cant really make new friends with social media. True / False
3 People dont spend time talking to their friends online. True / False
4 Social media never takes up too much time. True / False
5 You need to make sure to spend time with your offline friends. True / False

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9.6
Listening
Audio 60 Listen. Write the answers in the correct places.

taking a walk through the cityhaving cake and ice creamlocal bands
going to farmers marketrock concertwatching the parade
going to a restaurantplaying games
1 Chinatown 3 Friends visit


2 Music festival 4 Birthday party


1 2 3 4

9.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What are your plans for this weekend? Are you doing anything special?
Are any special events happening in town this weekend? Choose one event and
talk about it. Use the present continuous.
What are you planning for your next birthday? Talk about your plans using the
present continuous.

9.8
Writing
Write about what your family members or a friend of yours will do this
weekend. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or your
teacher for feedback.
My Mom loves the weekends. She usually goes to the park with our dog. Then, she
relaxes with a coffee and the magazines she didnt get to read all week. By noon, she will
make a grocery list and head to the store. This weekend she is planning to bake a cake
for my grandmothers birthday party. In the evening, my Mom and Dad like to go to our
neighbors house.
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10 Vacation
time

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Types of vacations
Dialogue
Two people talking about potential vacation plans
Pronunciation
W-glide between words
Grammar
Possibility with may and might
Reading
Fun in the sun
Listening
People talking about plans for their next big
vacation
Speaking
Talking about plans for your next vacation
Writing
Writing about your plans for the upcoming
weekend

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10.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 61 Read and listen to the words.

climb Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzaniago backpacking in Nepal


go on a cruise of the Greek islandsgo on a bike tour of France
go on a walking tour in Vancouver, Canadaride a bus across Australia
snorkel in Mexicoswim with dolphins in Hawaii
take a group tour of Japanvisit the rainforest in Brazil

Vocabulary 2 1

Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best


completes each sentence.
1 I may in Mexico next summer.
a snorkel
b bike
2
c backpack
d hike
2 We might go in Nepal.
a ride a bus
b snorkel
c backpacking
3
d swimming
3 Would you like to Japan?
a take a group tour of
b go backpacking in
c swim with the dolphins in
d go on a cruise of
4
4 She might visit the in Brazil.
a dolphins
b rainforest
c snorkeling
d cruise
5 Might they go on a of the Greek
islands in September? 5

a snorkel
b climb
c hike
d cruise

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10
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 He might a bus across Australia in the spring.
a hike b climb c
ride d
tour
2 Would you like to with dolphins in Hawaii?
a bike b hike c snorkel d
swim
3 Next year, my family might Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
a swim b snorkel c tour d
climb
4 We may go on a in France.
a bike tour b cruise c walking tour d bus trip
5 In July, my father wants to go on a in Vancouver, Canada.
a group tour b walking tour c bike tour d
cruise

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 62 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 I may snorkel in Mexico next summer.
2 We might go backpacking in Nepal.
3 Would you like to take a group tour of Japan?
4 She might visit the rainforest in Brazil.
5 Might they go on a cruise of the Greek islands in September?
6 He might ride a bus across Australia in the spring.
7 Would you like to swim with dolphins in Hawaii?
8 Next year, my family might climb Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
9 We may go on a bike tour in France.
10 In July, my father wants to go on a walking tour in Vancouver, Canada.

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10.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 63 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Alonso and Miki are at work.

Alonso I love adventure vacations. Camping. Hiking. Rock climbing. I may go on an


adventure vacation this summer.
Miki Well, I may visit my grandparents in Japan this summer.
Alonso Thats a good vacationfor you.
Miki What do you mean for you?
Alonso Oh, nothing. I just like more excitement on my vacations.
Miki Where might you go then on this adventure vacation of yours?
Alonso I may go to France.
Miki To France?
Alonso Yes, I might spend a few days in Paris. Then I might go on a bike tour in the
south of France. I might go camping and hiking, too.
Miki It sounds fun. It doesnt sound very adventurous, Alonso. But it may be a
good vacationfor you.
Alonso And visiting your grandparents is adventurous?
Miki That might be just the beginning of my vacation.
Alonso Oh, really?
Miki Really. After that, I may go backpacking with my cousinin Nepal. And
that is a good vacation for me!

Dialogue 2
Read the sentences. Choose True or False.
1 Miki may visit her grandmother and grandfather this summer. True / False
2 Alonso would like to go to France on vacation. True / False
3 Miki and Alonso decide to go to Nepal for vacation. True / False

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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10

10.3
Pronunciation
W-glide between words
Audio 64 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
Lets go on a tour.
We need to wait.
Its going to snow in London.
He has blue eyes.

10.4
Grammar 1
Possibility with may and might
Audio 65 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I might go on a group tour to Japan.
He might not go on a cruise in the summer.
She may go to Vancouver, Canada.
They may not go hiking.
We might go to Tanzania, but we might not climb Mt. Kilimanjaro.

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Grammar 2
Choose the correct phrase to complete the sentences.

may gomay not climbmight visitmight not eatmay ridemight not swim
1 Claudia her family in Brazil next summer.
2 I in Hawaii because Im afraid of the water.
3 Henry backpacking in Nepal with his brothers.
4 My sister and I a helicopter in New York City.
5 Yoshi Thai food because its too spicy.
6 Cathy likes to go hiking, but she Mt. Fuji when she visits Japan.

Grammar 3
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker expresses
possibility.

Alonso I love adventure vacations. Camping. Hiking. Rock climbing. I may go on an


adventure vacation this summer.
Miki Well, I may visit my grandparents in Japan this summer.
Alonso Thats a good vacationfor you.
Miki What do you mean for you?
Alonso Oh, nothing. I just like more excitement on my vacations.
Miki Where might you go then on this adventure vacation of yours?
Alonso I may go to France.
Miki To France?
Alonso Yes, I might spend a few days in Paris. Then I might go on a bike tour in the
south of France. I might go camping and hiking, too.
Miki It sounds fun. It doesnt sound very adventurous, Alonso. But it may be a
good vacationfor you.
Alonso And visiting your grandparents is adventurous?
Miki That might be just the beginning of my vacation.
Alonso Oh, really?
Miki Really. After that, I may go backpacking with my cousinin Nepal. And
that is a good vacation for me!

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10

10.5
Reading
Read the advertisement. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Fun in
the sun
Come
visit our
resort
in lovely
Islamorada,
Florida.
Just a quick two-hour drive from Miami,
our resort has something for everyone.
Want to enjoy some quiet time in Want to relax? You might enjoy
the sun? You might want to book a facial, massage, or many of
one of our villas, with a private our other treatments at our
pool and lounges that have great world-famous spa.
sun exposure all day long. Bringing the kids? They will love
You may wish to take a bike tour our family center, which includes
around the island and surrounding games, activities, and swim lessons.
islands. See the exotic birds and Just the two of you? You might
beautiful sights of the island and prefer our couples package. Your
have a delicious picnic lunch! room will be stocked with roses
Learn to scuba dive with our four- and chocolates and each package
day course including pool time and comes complete with a romantic
plenty of time enjoying colorful fish boat trip, and a sunset picnic on a
and coral in the ocean. tiny island.

Come and join us. It might be the best trip you ever take!

1 The resort is in Florida. True / False


2 There are private villas with their own docks and boats. True / False
3 The bike tour comes with a picnic lunch. True / False
4 Scuba diving features exotic birds. True / False
5 There is nowhere for kids to go. True / False

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10.6
Listening
Audio 66 Listen. Then read the sentences. Write Yes, Maybe or No.

1 1 They are going to Mt. Kilauea.


2 They are going to see lava flowing into the ocean.

2 3 Shes going to Istanbul this year.


4 Shes going to buy a leather jacket.

3 5 They are going on an eco-tour in Costa Rica.


6 They are staying at a hotel in the rainforest.

4 7 She is going to New York City for her next vacation.


8 Shes buying the ticket right away.

10.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Where are you going for your next vacation? What might you do?
Is a friend or family member going on a trip sometime soon? Talk about his or her
plans. Use might.

10.8
Writing
Write about your possible plans for the weekend. Follow the example. Then
show your writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
This weekend I want to relax. I may do some shopping for new clothes. I may also clean out
my closets. I probably will order take-out food on Saturday night. Id like to watch movies on
the couch. If the weather is nice on Sunday, I might go to the park.

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11 Feeling
awful

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Health problems
Parts of the body
Dialogue
A person discusses feeling awful with a friend
Pronunciation
// and /u/
Grammar
Giving advice with should/shouldnt
Reading
Want to feel better?
Listening
People discussing aches and pains
Speaking
Talking about health problems
Writing
Writing an advice email to a sick friend

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11.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 67 Read and listen to the words.

feel nauseatedhave a coldhave a coughhave a feverhave a headache


have a sore throathave a stomachachehave a toothachehave the flu
have a pain in my armheadshoulders backstomacharmshandslegs
footfeet
tooth
teethnose

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 My boss has a bad today.
a headache b toothache c cough d
stomachache
2 Jed feels .
a cold b pain in his arm c nauseated d
much better
3 My son has a .
a toothache b stomachache c headache d
flu
4 Does she have the ?
a cold b headache c sore throat d
flu
5 I have a terrible tonight.
a headache b head c cold d
sore throat

1 2 3

4 5

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11
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 Does she have ?
a a fever b nausea c a sore d
a throat
2 I have a in my shoulder.
a cold b flu c fever d
pain
3 My sister has .
a a toothache b a stomachache c a headache d
nausea
4 He probably has a .
a cold b stomachache c pain in his leg d
toothache
5 If you have , you should drink lemon tea.
a a head b a pain c nausea d
a sore throat

1 2 3

4 5

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Vocabulary 4
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 2 1 
Her [body / head / shoulder / arm] hurts today.
2 
This is the [tooth / arm / foot / shoulder] that hurts.
3 
His [leg / foot / shoulder / arm] is still sore today.
4 
My [arms / hands / legs / head] are tired from running eight miles.
5 
Does your left [shoulder / body / leg / foot] hurt now?
6 
My brothers [tooth / arm / head / foot] is in a cast.
3 4 5 6

Vocabulary 5
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 His [shoulder / hand / foot / back] hurts.
2 Raise your [feet / teeth / hands / shoulders] above your head.
3 Show me your [teeth / head / shoulder / back], please.
4 Does your [foot / shoulder / stomach / head] hurt?
5 Shes blowing her [throat / head / shoulder / nose] because she has a cold.
6 Her [arms / teeth / feet / shoulders] are sore from standing up all day.

1 2 4 5 6

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11

Vocabulary 6
Audio 68 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 My boss has a bad cough today.
2 Jed feels nauseated.
3 My son has a toothache.
4 Does she have the flu?
5 I have a terrible headache tonight.
6 Does she have a fever?
7 I have a pain in my shoulder.
8 My sister has a stomachache.
9 He probably has a cold.
10 If you have a sore throat, you should drink lemon tea.
11 Her head hurts today.
12 This is the tooth that hurts.
13 His arm is still sore today.
14 My legs are tired from running eight miles.
15 Does your left shoulder hurt now?
16 My brothers foot is in a cast.
17 His back hurts.
18 Raise your hands above your head.
19 Show me your teeth, please.
20 Does your stomach hurt?
21 Shes blowing her nose because she has a cold.
22 Her feet are sore from standing up all day.

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11.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 69 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Tonya and Daniel are at work. Tonya walks over to Daniels desk.

Tonya Daniel, you look terrible.


Daniel I feel awful. I have a headache.
Tonya You cant work with a headache. You should take an aspirin.
Daniel I have a stomachache, too.
Tonya Thats no fun. You shouldnt eat lunch.
Daniel Ouch!
Tonya Whats the matter?
Daniel I have pain in my backand ouch! I have pain in my legs, too.
Tonya You should go home and take a warm bath.
Daniel And look at my hands. Theyre red.
Tonya Really? They dont look red.
Daniel Yes, they do. And they burn a little, too.
Tonya You should put your hands in some cold water.
Daniel Oh, no. Now I have a sore throat.
Tonya I have an idea. You shouldnt talk.
Daniel Very funny, Tonya. Im serious. Is it cold in the office? I think I have a fever,
too.
Tonya moves away from Daniel.
Tonya You should go to the doctor right now.
Daniel Are you serious?
Tonya Yes! If you have a fever youre contagious!

Dialogue 2
Choose Yes or No.
1 Daniel should take an aspirin for his stomachache. Yes / No
2 Daniel should take a warm bath for his backache. Yes / No
3 Daniel should go to the doctor for his fever. Yes / No

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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11

11.3
Pronunciation
// and /u/
Audio 70 Listen. Then practice saying the words.

// /u/
foot tooth
book food
good school
should group

11.4
Grammar 1
Giving advice with should/shouldnt
Audio 71 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
You should stay home and rest.
You should take some cough medicine.
You should see a doctor.
You shouldnt go to work.
You shouldnt go outside.

Grammar 2
Match the health problems with the best advice.
1 I have a headache. a
She shouldnt go to work.
2 Tom has a stomachache. b
He shouldnt eat ice cream.
3 Lisa has a toothache. c
You shouldnt lift heavy things.
4 He has a cut. d
She should see a dentist.
5 She has the flu. e
You should take some aspirin.
6 I have a pain in my back. f
He should put on a Band-Aid.

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Grammar 3
Underline all the sentences in the conversation where Tonya gives Daniel advice.

Tonya Daniel, you look terrible.


Daniel I feel awful. I have a headache.
Tonya You cant work with a headache. You should take an aspirin.
Daniel I have a stomachache, too.
Tonya Thats no fun. You shouldnt eat lunch.
Daniel Ouch!
Tonya Whats the matter?
Daniel I have pain in my backand ouch! I have a pain in my legs, too.
Tonya You should go home and take a warm bath.
Daniel And look at my hands. Theyre red.
Tonya Really? They dont look red.
Daniel Yes, they do. And they burn a little, too.
Tonya You should put them in some cold water.
Daniel Oh, no. Now I have a sore throat.
Tonya I have an idea. You shouldnt talk.
Daniel Very funny, Tonya. Im serious. Is it cold in the office? I think I have a fever,
too.
Tonya You should go to the doctor right now.
Daniel Are you serious?
Tonya Yes! If you have a feveryoure contagious!

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11

11.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the correct health problem.

Want to feel better?


Going to the doctor can be expensive and sometimes there is nothing they can do to
help. For some things, you can try some home remedies to take care of the problem.

Sensitive teeth
A lot of things can make your teeth hurt. If you go to the dentist and they cant find
anything wrong, try these to help your achy teeth. Desensitizing toothpaste can
help. A fluoride rinse can also decrease sensitivity. Brushing your teeth too hard and
too long can make your teeth hurt. Try a soft tooth brush and set a timer when you
brush your teeth.

Foot odor
If your feet are stinky, try soaking them in salt water, since the salt will help keep
your feet dry. Underarm deodorants and antiperspirants can be used on your feet
to stop the smell and the sweating that causes the problem. You can also use
cornstarch in your shoes to help keep feet drier.

Allergies
Use salt water to clear
out your nose and
sinuses. Wash off as
soon as you come inside
during pollen season.
Peppermint tea is good
for so many things. The
heat of the tea makes
your head and body
feel better and the
peppermint is a natural
decongestant!

1 Use a fluoride rinse for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].


2 Use cornstarch for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].
3 Rinse with salt water for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].
4 Set a timer for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].
5 Soak in salt water for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].
6 Drink peppermint tea for [sensitive teeth / foot odor / allergies].

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11.6
Listening
Listen to the talk show. What is the doctors advice? Write the
Audio 72

phrases in the correct places.

should brush three times a dayshould be patient


shouldnt text or do emails in bedshould turn off the TVcant sleep
has the fluhas a toothacheshould drink tea with honey and lemon
should see a dentist immediately
1 Jean
1


2
2 David


3 3 Marilyn


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11

11.7
Speaking
Choose one of the topics. Practice asking and answering the questions with a
partner.
Your classmate has a headache every day. She asks for your advice. What do you tell
her? Use the word should at least two times.
Your friend has some bad habits. He smokes and drinks a lot of coffee. Whats your
advice? Use should and shouldnt.

11.8
Writing
Write an email to a friend or co-worker whos sick, giving advice about what
they should/shouldnt do today. Include reasons based on the kind of illness
the friend or co-worker has, such as an injury, cold, fever, the flu, headache, or
other ailment. Follow the example. Then show your email to a partner or your
teacher for feedback.
Hi Sasha,
I am sorry to learn you sprained your ankle this weekend! You shouldnt try to take the bus
to work in that condition. You should stay home and prop your ankle on a pillow. You dont
want to put pressure on the ankle. You should take some pain reliever medicine and rest. If
you need something from the store, you shouldnt walk there. Can I stop by later to see how
you are?
Take care,
Sofia

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12 Obligations

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Chores/errands
Dialogue
People talking about what they need to do
Pronunciation
Reduction of have to and has to
Grammar
Have to for obligation
Reading
Everybody has chores
Listening
Talking about plans for today and what things
need to get done first
Speaking
Talking about the things you need to do
before you leave for school or work
Writing
Writing about the things you need to do every
evening before going to bed

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12

12.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 73 Read and listen to the words.

buy groceriesdrive the kids to schoolfinish my homeworkget the mail


iron a shirtpack my lunchpay billsreturn library books
take the dog for a walkwater the plants

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 He has to [get / make / have / find] the mail.
2 Do you still have to [end / stop / finish / find] your homework?
3 He has to [have / walk / take / make] the dog every day.
4 Do you have to [iron / wash / fold / clean] a shirt for work?
5 She has to pay [letters / emails / money / bills] this weekend.

1 2 3

4 5

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 Do we have to buy [plants / bills / groceries / recipes] for dinner?
2 I have to water the [ground / groceries / plants / shower] in the morning.
3 He has to return a [homework / library / bill / computer] book.
4 Do you have to [iron / spend / do / pack] your lunch?
5 He has to [make / go / do / drive] the kids to school.

1 2 3

4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 74 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 He has to get the mail.
2 Do you still have to finish your homework?
3 He has to walk the dog every day.
4 Do you have to iron a shirt for work?
5 She has to pay bills this weekend.
6 Do we have to buy groceries for dinner?
7 I have to water the plants in the morning.
8 He has to return a library book.
9 Do you have to pack your lunch?
10 He has to drive the kids to school.
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12

12.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 75 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Karl and Patti are walking out of class.

Karl We have to hurry. The concert starts in one hour.


Patti We have plenty of time. I just have to go home first.
Karl Why? We dont have time.
Patti I have to take the dog for a walk.
Karl Well, I have to go home, too. I have to iron a shirt for tomorrow.
Patti Wait. I have to return a library book, too.
Karl Patti!
Patti What? The book is due today. Oh, and I have to water the plants for my
mother.
Karl My mom! I have to buy groceries for my mom.
Patti We really have to do a lot, dont we?
Karl And I still have to finish my homework.
Patti Ouch! I do, too.
Karl Patti, theres another thing we have to do.
Patti What?
Karl We have tonot go to the concert.
Patti Youre right. Were just too busy!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Where do Karl and Patti have to be in one hour?
a at a movie b at a concert c at a friends house
2 What does Karl have to do for his mother?
a water the plants b buy groceries c walk the dog
3 What describes Karl and Patti?
a busy b bored c tired

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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12.3
Pronunciation
Reduction of have to and has to
Audio 76 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
I have to finish my homework.
They have to drive the kids to school.
Do you have to water the plants?
What do you have to do?
He has to pay bills.
She has to buy groceries.

12.4
Grammar 1
Have to for obligation
Audio 77 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I have to finish my homework.
You have to take the dog for a walk.
He has to iron his shirt.
She has to buy groceries.
We have to pay bills.
They have to drive the kids to school.

Do you have to water the plants?


Yes, I do. / No, I dont.

What do you have to do?


I have to clean the house.

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12
Grammar 2
Complete the sentences using the correct form of have to.
1 Maria finish her homework before she can watch TV.
2 John and Michael take the dog for a walk after school.
3 They drive their kids to school every morning.
4 I work on Saturdays.
5 We buy food for tonights dinner.
6 a: we water the plants?
b: Yes, we do.
7 a: What you do after school today?
b: I go to piano class.
8 a: What Joanne do every morning?
b: She cook breakfast.

Grammar 3
Underline all the statements and questions in the conversation where Karl
and Patti express obligation.

Karl We have to hurry. The concert starts in one hour.


Patti We have plenty of time. I just have to go home first.
Karl Why? We dont have time.
Patti I have to take the dog for a walk.
Karl Well, I have to go home, too. I have to iron a shirt for tomorrow.
Patti Wait. I have to return a library book, too.
Karl Patti!
Patti What? The book is due today. Oh, and I have to water the plants for my
mother.
Karl My mom! I have to buy groceries for my mom.
Patti We really have to do a lot, dont we?
Karl And I still have to finish my homework.
Patti Ouch! I do, too.
Karl Patti, theres another thing we have to do.
Patti What?
Karl We have tonot go to the concert.
Patti Youre right. Were just too busy!

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12.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the correct person for each
answer.

Ever ybody has chores!


Fiona
Living on a farm is hard work. Every morning I have to
wake up before its light out and check on the chickens
and make sure I find all of the eggs. After I get done
milking the goats, I have to feed the horses and let them
out into the pasture. And after I do all of that, I still
have to make breakfast for all of the farm hands!

Mike Im a stay-at-home dad. I have to get up first in the


morning and get all three kids dressed and fed. Then
I have to take our two older children to school. Our
youngest stays with me while I go to the grocery store,
the bank, and the gym. Finally I pick the girls up and
go home to make dinner.

Sam
I run a cat shelter out of my house. Every morning I have to
feed all the cats. Some of them need medicine, so I give them
that at the same time. To find them good homes, I have to
schedule visits for potential owners. I also have to clean the litter
boxes and make sure that all the cats get playtime. Then I have
to feed them again before I go to bed.

1 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] lives on a farm.


2 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] has three daughters.
3 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] has to take care of a lot of cats.
4 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] goes to the gym.
5 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] has to schedule visits.
6 [Fiona / Mike / Sam] has to make breakfast for a lot of people.

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12

12.6
Listening
Listen. What do the speakers want to do? What do they have to do
Audio 78

first? Write the phrases in the correct places.

go shopping at the malltalk to the neighborsfill the tank


bring boogie board and finsgo to a concertclean the car
visit friends in the citydo homeworkbuy some cat food
go for a drive with friendshang out with friendsclean the house
1 1 Taisha
Want to do:


Have to do:

2 2 Malik
Want to do:


Have to do:

3 3 Hugh
Want to do:


Have to do:

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12.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What kinds of chores do you have to do every day? Talk about your daily routines
and obligations.
What are your plans for the weekend? What do you have to do to get ready? Talk
about your plans and the things you have to do first.

12.8
Writing
Do you have long days of work and obligations? Write about the things you
have to do every evening before going to bed. Follow the example. Then show
your writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
Every night, I have to go to bed with my homework finished and lunch made. In the
morning, I have to rush out of the house. So, its important that I pack my backpack before
bed. I also have to straighten up the living room. I usually start the dishwasher and put
laundry away, too.

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13 Daily
activities

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Workplace verbs
Dialogue
Talking about being late
Pronunciation
Simple past -ed endings
Grammar
Simple past of regular verbs: yes/no questions
and short answers
Simple past of regular verbs: statements and ago
Reading
Texting while walking
Listening
People talking about a recent phone call, email or
text message
Speaking
Talking about the people you communicate with
Writing
Writing an apology for being late

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13.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 79 Read and listen to the words.

answerarrivecheck
dieemailfinishstarttext
turn offturn on

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.

checkdietext
turn off
turn on
1 I my friends every day.
2 I my phone in the mornings.
3 My battery is low. My phones going to in a few minutes.
4 I want to my messages before the meeting.
5 I always my phone before class.

2 3
1

5
4

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13
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

answerarriveemailfinishstart
1 Our meetings at 9:00 every morning.
2 Can you please the phone? Im busy.
3 I usually my homework around 10:00 at night.
4 Our guests are going to tomorrow afternoon.
5 In my job, I people around the world.
1 2 3

4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 80 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 I text my friends every day.
2 I turn on my phone in the mornings.
3 My battery is low. My phones going to die in a few minutes.
4 I want to check my messages before the meeting.
5 I always turn off my phone before class.
6 Our meetings start at 9:00 every morning.
7 Can you please answer the phone? Im busy.
8 I usually finish my homework around 10:00 at night.
9 Our guests are going to arrive tomorrow afternoon.
10 In my job, I email people around the world.

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13.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 81 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Lara and Eddie are at work. They are waiting for Diana.

Lara Wheres Diana? The meeting started five minutes ago.


Eddie I dont know. I called her phone, but she didnt answer.
Lara Did you text her?
Eddie Yes, I did. I texted her. I emailed her, too. Maybe she turned off her phone.
Lara She never turns off her phone. Hey, there she is!
Diana Hi, guys. Im sorry Im late.
Lara What happened?
Diana My car didnt start this morning, so I waited for the bus.
Lara Why didnt you call us?
Diana I tried, but my phone battery died. What a morning!
Lara Dont worry about it. Grab some coffee and join us in the meeting room. OK?
Diana OK. See you in five minutes.

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Was Diana late?
a Yes, she was. b No, she wasnt.
2 Did Eddie text Diana?
a Yes, he did. b No, he didnt.
3 Why didnt Diana call?
a Her car didnt start. b Her phone battery died.

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13
Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

13.3
Pronunciation
Simple past -ed endings
Audio 82 Listen. Then practice saying the words.

/d/ /t/ /d/


called checked needed
emailed finished started
tried looked texted
turned watched waited

13.4
Grammar 1
Simple past of regular verbs: Yes/no questions and short answers
Audio 83 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Did you talk to your sister? Yes, I did. / No, I didnt.
Did he turn off his phone? Yes, he did. / No, he didnt.
Did they arrive last night? Yes, they did. / No, they didnt.

Grammar 2
Match the questions and answers.
1 Did you wait for Kevin? a
Yes, it did.
2 Did Martin study for the test? b
No, he didnt.
3 Did you and Tania watch the game last night? c
Yes, I did.
4 Did Sylvia mail the letter? d
Yes, she did.
5 Did the meeting start at 9:30? e
No, they didnt.
6 Did they stay at your house? f
No, we didnt.

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Grammar 3
Simple past of regular verbs: Statements and ago
Audio 84 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I talked to Paul before class.
Spelling hint Tip
We lived in Los Angeles in 2007. talk talked
live lived
Susan tried the pizza, but she didnt like it.
try tried
The train stopped at the station. stop stopped
They didnt ask us about the meeting.

When did the meeting start? It started ten minutes ago.

When did the guests arrive? They arrived an hour ago.

Grammar 4
Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.
1 I [lookd / looked] for a birthday card for Veronica.
2 We [plannd / planned] the party a month ago.
3 They [finishd / finished] their homework last night.
4 Wayne [arrived / arriveed] on the morning train.
5 Abby [playd / played] basketball after class.
6 Yolanda texted me [ago five minutes / five minutes ago].

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13
Grammar 5
Use the simple past of the verbs in the box to complete the conversation.

waitcalldieemailstarttext
tryturn offhappen

Lara Wheres Diana? The meeting 1 five minutes ago.


Eddie I dont know. I 2
her phone, but she didnt answer.
Lara Did you text her?
Eddie Yes, I did. I 3 her. I 4 her, too. Maybe she 5
her phone.
Lara She never turns off her phone. Hey, there she is!
Diana Hi, guys. Im sorry Im late.
Lara What 6 ?
Diana My car didnt start this morning, so I 7 for the bus.
Lara Why didnt you call us?
Diana I8 , but my phone battery 9 . What a morning!
Lara Dont worry about it. Grab some coffee and join us in the meeting room. OK?
Diana OK. See you in five minutes.

13.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Te xt ing and w al k i ng
Did you send any text messages today? For most people, the answer to this
question is yes. Studies around the world show that people send dozens or even
hundreds of text messages every day.
Many countries now have laws against texting while driving. Thousands of people
are hurt or even die every year because of driving and texting. But now there is a
new problem: texting while walking. More and more people are getting hurt while
walking and texting at the same time.
Should there be laws against texting while walking? Some cities are trying to pass
laws like this, but it is difficult. Many people dont like this idea.
Typing... Maybe there is another answer. Some companies are now making apps especially
for texting while walking. These apps make the cell phone screen transparent, so
you can see what is in front of you!

1 Many people are hurt every year because of texting while driving. True / False
2 Many countries have laws against texting while walking. True / False
3 Some companies are making apps to make it easier to text
while walking. True / False
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13.6
Listening
Listen and look at the chart. Choose the name of the person who
Audio 85

called, emailed or texted and choose the reason why.

Who called / emailed / texted? Why?


1 a Anna a is going to be late to work
b Peter b wanted my notes from class
c Robert c wanted to go shopping
2 a Anna a is going to be late to work
b Peter b wanted my notes from class
c Robert c wanted to go shopping
3 a Anna a is going to be late to work
b Peter b wanted my notes from class
c Robert c wanted to go shopping

13.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Who emailed you yesterday? Why?
Who texted you yesterday? Why?
Who called you yesterday? Why?
Do you ever turn off your phone? Why or why not?
Are you ever late for meetings? Talk about one time you were late.

13.8
Writing
You missed a meeting. Write a note to your boss to say youre sorry. Say why
you were late. Follow the example. Then show your note to a partner or your
teacher for feedback.
Im sorry I missed the meeting this morning. Traffic was terrible, and my bus was late. It wont
happen again.

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14 Education

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Majors
Milestones
Dialogue
A parent talking to their college-age child
about their education
Pronunciation
Syllable stress in longer words
Grammar
Past continuous
Before, after, while, when
Reading
Studying abroad: Is it for you?
Listening
People talking about something that influenced
an important decision about their education
Speaking
Talking about your education
Writing
Writing about what you were doing at this
time last year

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14.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 86 Read and listen to the words.

biologybusiness administrationcommunicationscomputer science


economicseducationengineeringEnglishpolitical sciencepsychology
graduate from (university)look for a jobreturn to my hometownstudy abroad
study for my final examstravel around (Europe)

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 After he studied , he got a job at a major corporation.
a engineering b biology
c economics d English
2 My mother worked as a secretary while studying .
a political science b computer science
c engineering d business administration
3 When I studied , we learned about blood cells.
a education b psychology
c biology d political science
4 While she studied she worked at a television studio.
a engineering b communications
c computer science d education
5 Before I studied , I didnt understand the stock market.
a engineering b economics
c education d environmental science

1 2 3

4 5

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14
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 We read Shakespeares plays while studying .
a engineering b biology
c English d political science
2 After I studied , I could fix my laptop.
a political science b computer science
c economics d business administration
3 She met many wonderful students while she was studying .
a education b psychology
c biology d political science
4 I never thought about dreams before I studied .
a engineering b political science
c computer science d psychology
5 We learned about legal systems while studying .
a engineering b biology
c political science d environmental science

1 2 3

4 5

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1 Vocabulary 4
Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.
1 After I graduated from university, I returned to my .
a nationality b final exams c hometown d
education
2 I learned English when I studied .
2 a around b round c abroad d
broad
3 Before I left Europe, I traveled by train.
a around b inside c outside d
across
4 I began to a job while I was still studying business administration.
a finish b study c look for d
know about
5 He studied for his after he finished working at the restaurant.
3
a final exams b education c university d
political science
6 She was living in Australia when she from university.
a began b left c finished d
graduated

Vocabulary 5
Audio 87 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
4
1 After he studied engineering, he got a job at a major corporation.
2 My mother worked as a secretary while studying business administration.
3 When I studied biology, we learned about blood cells.
4 While she studied communications she worked at a television studio.
5 Before I studied economics, I didnt understand the stock market.
5
6 We read Shakespeares plays while studying English.
7 After I studied computer science, I could fix my laptop.
8 She met many wonderful students while she was studying education.
9 I never thought about dreams before I studied psychology.
10 We learned about legal systems while studying political science.
6 11 After I graduated from university, I returned to my hometown.
12 I learned English when I studied abroad.
13 Before I left Europe, I traveled around by train.
14 I began to look for a job while I was still studying business administration.
15 He studied for his final exams after he finished working at the restaurant.
16 She was living in Australia when she graduated from university.

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14

14.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 88 Read and listen to the dialogue.

Carlos While I was studying for my final exams last week, I decided to take a year
off from school and travel around Europe.
Mother Hmmm. When I was growing up, students graduated from university first.
Carlos Well, nowadays, after we graduate, we have to immediately look for a job.
Mother Why dont you take a short trip after you graduate but before you look for
ajob?
Carlos Mom, my major is education. I should take a year off and travel around
Europe.
Mother Why?
Carlos Think about it. After I live abroad for a year, Im going to be a great teacher.
Mother When I was finishing university, we had programs to study abroad.
Carlos Hmmstudy abroad.
Mother While I was living in Mexico, I was part of a study abroad program. You
could continue your studies while you travel around Europe.
Carlos I like that idea.
Mother That makes both of us!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Where does Carlos want to travel?
a South America b Asia c Europe
2 How long does Carlos want to travel?
a one month b six months c 12 months
3 What is Carloss major?
a education b economics c engineering
4 What does Carloss mother suggest?
a look for a job b
study abroad c study economics

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

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14.3
Pronunciation
Syllable stress in longer words
Audio 89 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
psychology
engineering
economics
education
communications
administration

14.4
Grammar 1
Past continuous
Audio 90 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I was watching TV last night.
You were talking on the phone at 10:00.
He was getting ready for work in the morning.
She was studying at lunch time.
We were taking the bus to Boston.
They were looking for a job.

Grammar 2
Complete the sentences. Use the past continuous form of the verb in the
parenthesis.
1 Maria dinner at 7:00. (eat)
2 Mark an exam when his phone rang. (take)
3 They their kids to school. (drive)
4 I my dog in the park. (walk)
5 We food at the grocery store. (buy)
6 Joanne and I for the final exam last night. (study)

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14
Grammar 3
Before, after, while, when
Audio 91 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Before I look for a job, I want to travel around Europe for a few months.
After I graduated from university, I returned to my hometown.
While I was studying for my final exams, I fell asleep.
He was talking on the phone when I arrived.

Grammar 4
Match the two parts of the sentences.
1 I was studying computer science a
Im going to celebrate.
2 You should start looking for a job b 
you should think about what kind of job
you want.
3 After I get a job, c
I traveled all over Europe.
4 When I was a child, d
before you graduate from college.
5 While I was studying in France, e I wanted to be a police officer.
6 Before you graduate from college, f
while I was in school.

Grammar 5
Use the verbs in the box in the past continuous to complete the conversation.

livestudygrow up
finish

Carlos While I 1 for my final exams last week, I decided to take a year
off from school and travel around Europe.
Mother Hmmm. When I 2 , students graduated from university first.
Carlos Well, nowadays, after we graduate, we have to immediately look for a job.
Mother Why dont you take a short trip after you graduate but before you look for
ajob?
Carlos Mom, my major is education. I should take a year off and travel around
Europe.
Mother Why?
Carlos Think about it. After I live abroad for a year, Im going to be a great teacher.
Mother When I 3 university, we had programs to study abroad.
Carlos Hmmstudy abroad.
Mother While I 4 in Mexico, I was part of a study abroad program. You
could continue your studies while you travel around Europe.
Carlos I like that idea.
Mother That makes both of us!

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14.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Studying abroad: Is it for you?


Many people study abroad during high school or college.
There are a lot of benefits to studying abroad. You can
learn a lot about yourself, and you can learn skills that
will help you later in life.
Wanting to become fluent in a language is a great
reason to study abroad. Many study abroad programs
are immersive. Youll get more out of it and be less
frustrated if you know some of the language before
you go.
Studying abroad can help you learn more about your own
culture as well as learning to recognize the differences
between cultures. It exposes you to new cultures and
lifestyles. Many people who study abroad form close
connections with students from their host country.
These relationships can turn into lifelong friendships.
Students who intern while studying abroad find that the
internships influence future career paths. Many companies
are looking for graduates with international experience.
It can really give you an edge when applying for jobs.
Studying abroad
is a wonderful
and fulfilling
experience. If
you have the
opportunity you
should give it
a try for a
semester. Who
knows, you may
fall in love
with a whole
new country!

1 Wanting to become fluent in another language is a bad reason to


study abroad. True / False
2 Studying abroad teaches students nothing about other cultures. True / False
3 Students who worked at internships while studying abroad had
better career prospects after graduation. True / False
4 Many people make lifelong friendships while studying abroad. True / False
5 It helps to know some of the language before you study in a
foreign country. True / False
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14

14.6
Listening
Audio 92 Listen. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.
1 Vo was very satisfied with his office job. True / False
2 He decided it was too late to go back to college. True / False
3 Hes a lot more satisfied with his new job. True / False

4 Salwan studied in England. True / False


5 His father didnt want him to study abroad. True / False
6 Now Salwan is ready to retire. True / False

7 Marissa went to Spain because she studied Spanish in high school. True / False
8 She loves everything about Spain. True / False
9 Shes going to become a Spanish teacher. True / False

10 Lisa always wanted to be a therapist. True / False


11 She decided to study psychology because of Dr. Jones. True / False
12 Lisa is now a professor of psychology, just like Dr. Jones. True / False

A B

C D

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14.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Talk about your educational background. Where did you go to school as a child?
Where are you going to school now? What are you studying? Talk about any
important decisions you made along the way.
Tell your partner about your educational plans and goals. What degrees or
certificates do you plan on obtaining? What will you do after graduation?

14.8
Writing
Write about what you were doing this time last year. How is your life different?
Follow the example. Then show your note to a partner or your teacher for
feedback.
Last year, I lived in a different apartment, and I had a different job. When I just moved
to California, I didnt know where nice but affordable apartments were located. I picked
something from an online source. While I lived there, I got to know Los Angeles. I decided
I would move to where it was less crowded. Making a second move in one year was
significant because I was nervous about the effort and expense. Yet, after I moved, I had a
shorter commute to work. I had enough time to meet friends and find a new job!

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15 Technology

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Describing gadgets
Dialogue
Two people trying to impress each other with
their latest gadgets
Pronunciation
Different ways to pronounce vowel combinations
Grammar
Comparative adjectives with -er
Comparative adjectives with more
Reading
The Internet: good or bad?
Listening
People comparing their new gadget with an older
version they had before
Speaking
Talking about an item you bought to replace an
older item
Writing
Writing about how your life changed because of
technology

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15.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 93 Read and listen to the words.

camerae-reader
laptopmusic playerportable speakerssmartphone
smartwatchtabletvideo game systemwireless headphonescheap
expensiveheavylight
powerful

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.
1 My is lighter than my laptop.
a laptop b music player
c tablet d video game system
2 Her is newer than mine.
a smartwatch b portable speaker
c smartphone d wireless headphone
3 That sounds better than my music player.
a video game system b portable speaker
c e-reader d wireless headphone
4 Her are heavier than earbuds.
a speakers b video game systems
c cameras d wireless headphones
5 His is smaller than a smartphone.
a music player b laptop
c smartwatch d e-reader
1 2 3

4 5

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15
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct answer to complete each sentence.

1 1 My was less expensive than a computer.


a tablet b music player
c portable speaker d smartwatch

2 2 His is much heavier than mine.


a camera b portable speaker
c smartphone d tablet

3 3 Their is older than ours.


a video game system b portable speaker
c e-reader d smartphone

4 4 That is lighter than most books.


a laptop b e-reader
c camera d music player

5 5 His was cheaper than mine.


a music player b smartphone
c laptop d e-reader

Vocabulary 4
Choose the correct word to complete the sentences.
1 Her tablet is more [lighter / heavier / powerful / newer] than mine.
2 My smartphone is [light / lighter / heavy / expensive] than my laptop.
3 His new camera is more [light / cheap / cheaper / expensive] than his old one.
4 These portable speakers are [cheap / cheaper / expensive / light] than a new
smartphone.
5 That old computer is much [heavier / lighter / newer / expensive] than a laptop.
1 2 3 4 5

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Vocabulary 5
Audio 94 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 My tablet is lighter than my laptop.
2 Her smartphone is newer than mine.
3 That portable speaker sounds better than my music player.
4 Her wireless headphones are heavier than earbuds.
5 His music player is smaller than a smartphone.
6 My smartwatch was less expensive than a computer.
7 His camera is much heavier than mine.
8 Their video game system is older than ours.
9 That e-reader is lighter than most books.
10 His laptop was cheaper than mine.

15.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 95 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Todd and Jen are looking at laptops in a computer store.

Todd I love these new laptops.


Jen Theyre powerful. But my laptop is more powerful.
Todd Jen, dont be silly. Your laptop isnt more powerful than this new one.
Jen Whatever.
Todd Look at my smartphone, Jen. Its newer than yours.
Jen So what?
Todd Its more powerful than yours.just like the new laptops here are more
powerful than yours, too.
Jen Ha! Your smartphone is heavier than mine.
Todd No, it isnt. Its lighter and faster than yours.
Jen Mine has an e-reader, Todd.
Todd Mine does, too. And my e-reader is nicer than yours.
Jen Youre crazy.
Todd And your smartphone was more expensive than mine.
Jen Wait. Is that really your new smartphone?
Todd Yes, it is.
Jen Todd yours isnt lighter or faster or cheaper than mine.
Todd Sure it is. What do you mean?
Jen Look! We have the same smartphone!

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15
Dialogue 2
Read the sentences. Choose True or False.
1 Todd and Jen are looking at laptops in the store. True / False
2 Jens smartphone doesnt have an e-reader. True / False
3 Jens smartphone is faster than Todds. True / False
4 Todd and Jen dont have different smartphones. True / False

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

15.3
Pronunciation
Different ways to pronounce vowel combinations
Audio 96 Listen. Then practice saying these words.
throat heavy group movie
abroad cheap out died

15.4
Grammar 1
Comparative adjectives with -er
Audio 97 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
His smartphone is lighter than mine. Its smaller, too.
My tablet is bigger than his. Its heavier, too.
The new laptop is cheaper at the other store.
I think the design of the new camera is better than the older model.
The quality of my new phones functions is worse than my old phone.

Base Comparative Tip


-e nice nicer
Short vowel + one consonant big bigger
-y heavy heavier
Irregular good better
bad worse

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Grammar 2
Complete the sentences. Use the comparative form of the adjective in the
parenthesis.
1 The new laptop is (small) and (light) than the old one.
2 Arvins new smartphone has a (big) screen than my phone.
3 You should buy the e-reader. Its (cheap) than a tablet.
4 Connies new camera takes (good) pictures than my camera.
5 The screen of my new TV is much (wide) than my old TV screen.
6 The quality of the picture on this TV is (bad) than that one.

Grammar 3
Comparative adjectives with more
Audio 98 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
These speakers are more powerful than the speakers in the other store, but theyre
more expensive, too.
The video games these days are more interesting than the ones in the past.
Technology makes our lives more convenient.

Comparative adjectives Tip


with more
For most adjectives with
two or more syllables
(except where the second
syllable is y), we use more.

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15
Grammar 4
Complete the sentences. Use the comparative form of the adjective in the
parenthesis.
1 I think computer games are (exciting) than video games.
2 LCD TVs are (expensive) than regular TVs.
3 A gaming computer is (powerful) than a regular computer.
4 Computers these days are (advanced) than the ones I used when I was
akid.
5 E-readers are (convenient) than regular books because you can have
multiple books on an e-reader.

Grammar 5
Underline all the comparative adjectives in the conversation.

Todd I love these new laptops.


Jen Theyre powerful. But my laptop is more powerful.
Todd Jen, dont be silly. Your laptop isnt more powerful than this new one.
Jen Whatever.
Todd Look at my smartphone, Jen. Its newer than yours.
Jen So what?
Todd Its more powerful than yours.just like the new laptops here are more
powerful than yours, too.
Jen Ha! Your smartphone is heavier than mine.
Todd No, it isnt. Its lighter and faster than yours.
Jen Mine has an e-reader, Todd.
Todd Mine does, too. And my e-reader is nicer than yours.
Jen Youre crazy.
Todd And your smartphone was more expensive than mine.
Jen Wait. Is that really your new smartphone?
Todd Yes, it is.
Jen Toddyours isnt lighter or faster or cheaper than mine.
Todd Sure it is. What do you mean?
Jen Look! We have the same smartphone!

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15.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

The Internet: good or bad?


Technology is everywhere. It makes our lives
easier in many ways. Smartphones let us stay
in touch with online friends as easily as local
friends. However, technology can also be a
problem. Some people are concerned that
technology can make it harder to connect.
April
We made some changes to the technology rules

@
in our home recently. When everyone comes
home they have to leave their phones by the
front door. The kids arent allowed to use them
until after homework and dinner. My husband
and I try to stick to that too. We have a sit down
dinner every night with no television. We talk
about our days. This has helped our family a lot.
Kai
I had a problem with the Internet. I spent more
time online chatting with people, looking at
websites, and reading stories than I did with my
family and friends. I couldnt stay off of social
networking sites at work. I finally went to see a
doctor. Now, I limit my Internet use to an hour
a day. I get out of the house more and I dont
use the Internet at work for personal things. Its
working really well for me. I barely miss the
Internet.

1 Technology is everywhere. True / False


2 Smartphones keep us from staying in touch with people. True / False
3 Aprils family cant use their phones until after dinner. True / False
4 Aprils family eats dinner in front of the television. True / False
5 Kai had a problem with the Internet. True / False
6 Kai didnt go to see a doctor. True / False

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15

15.6
Listening
Listen. Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes
Audio 99

each sentence.
1 He [likes / doesnt like] his new phone.
2 Its [faster / lighter] than his old phone.
3 It [never drops a call / drops a lot of calls].
4 Her new cable service has more [commercials / channels].
5 Its [more expensive than / less expensive than] her old service.
6 She [is / isnt] satisfied with the new service.
7 He bought a new [tablet / cell phone].
8 Its [more complicated / easier to use] than the old one.
9 He [thinks / doesnt think] its very user-friendly.
10 His new system is [worse / better] than the old system.
11 It has [more games / more problems] than the old one.
12 He spends a lot of time [playing the game / doing his chores and homework].

1 2

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15.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Think about a new device you recently bought. It could be a TV, a phone, a
computer, or any other device. Compare it to the one you had before. Use
comparatives.
Tell your partner about a new device you want. Explain why you want it. Does
it have any drawbacks? Is it more expensive than other, similar products on the
market? Talk about the pros and cons.

15.8
Writing
Write about how some aspect of your life has changed because of technology.
Share whether your life has improved or whether technology has taken
away something positive from the past. Follow the example. Then show your
writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
I was thrilled when I could begin to digitally record television using a DVR. I felt that having
shows recorded was a big benefit. I would have more time to watch when the house was
quieter. Before, I would miss so many episodes, I never knew what was happening. Now
though, I find that I watch episodes of shows that I really dont enjoysimply because it is
on my list of recorded shows. I think it is better to just watch TV when you have time. If you
miss something, it may be that you had something better to do.

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16 The best
sights

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Tourist attractions
Dialogue
A person giving recommendations to another
person visiting a different city
Pronunciation
Words with silent letters
Grammar
Superlative adjectives with -est
Superlative adjectives with the most
Reading
The most interesting places
Listening
People talking about the most interesting places
where they live
Speaking
Talking about the best city in the world
Writing
Writing about why you would like to visit different
sights

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16.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 100 Read and listen to the words.

bridgegardens
historic districtmarketmonument national park
plazashopping centersports arenastatue

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
1 My sister says the prettiest are in Italy.
a historic districts b plazas c gardens d
shopping centers
2 This is the most expensive in town.
a historic district b shopping center c monument d
statue
3 The oldest we visited in Canada was in Quebec.
a historic district b monument c statue d
bridge
4 The most famous we saw on our trip was The Thinker by Rodin.
a historic district b bridge c statue d
national park
5 No, I said Madrid has the flattest I know, not the fattest!
a plaza b statue c monument d
national park

1 2 3

4 5

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16
Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
1 This is the tallest building in Washington, D.C.
a plaza b monument c bridge d
historic district
2 I think Bryce Canyon is the most beautiful .
a sports arena b garden c shopping center d
national park
3 We visited the worlds largest outdoor in Kashgar, China.
a statue b monument c market d
bridge
4 Thats the longest in the United States.
a statue b monument c bridge d
sports arena
5 Have you seen the biggest in Mexico?
a sports arena b historic district c shopping center d
garden

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 101 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 My sister says the prettiest gardens are in Italy.
2 This is the most expensive shopping center in town.
3 The oldest historic district we visited in Canada was in Quebec.
4 The most famous statue we saw on our trip was The Thinker by Rodin.
5 No, I said Madrid has the flattest plaza I know, not the fattest!
6 This monument is the tallest building in Washington, D.C.
7 I think Bryce Canyon is the most beautiful national park.
8 We visited the worlds largest outdoor market in Kashgar, China.
9 Thats the longest bridge in the United States.
10 Have you seen the biggest sports arena in Mexico?

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16.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 102 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Toshi and his friend Lucy are enjoying lunch at their favorite restaurant.

Lucy Toshi, do you like my new sunglasses?


Toshi They look expensive.
Lucy Well, they arent. In fact, theyre the cheapest I found.
Toshi You certainly love to shop. Hey, didnt you go to the U.S. last year?
Lucy Yes, I went to Savannah, Georgia. I had the best time there.
Toshi Savannah?
Lucy Yes, its on the coast near Florida. And it has the sunniest beaches and the
most beautiful historic district.
Toshi Sunny beaches are always good.
Lucy It has the prettiest squares downtown. Theyre like little plazas. And the
oldest houses are on these squares.
Toshi That sounds nice, but its probably the most boring thing to do on a
vacation! What about restaurants?
Lucy Well, the busiest street in town is along the river.
Toshi Is that the most exciting place in Savannah?
Lucy Of course! The most interesting shopping area in town is on River Street.
Toshi Hmmm. It sounds popular with the tourists.
Lucy Its probably the most popular place with the tourists in Savannah. The
biggest and most expensive hotels are there along the river, too.
Toshi Lucy, why do you always like the most crowded places in a town?
Lucy First look at these earrings. I bought them on River Street in Savannah.
Theyre the cutest youve ever seen, arent they?
Toshi Of coursethe cutest.
Lucy Second, its not about the crowds or the tourists, Toshi. Its about
Toshi Wait. I knowits about the shopping!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 Lucy went to the U.S. on vacation. True / False
2 Toshi likes to go to the beach. True / False
3 Toshi likes to visit a citys historic district on vacation. True / False
4 Lucy likes to shop on vacation. True / False

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.
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16

16.3
Pronunciation
Words with silent letters
Audio 103 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
answer who
know hour
bridge listen
Wednesday write

16.4
Grammar 1
Superlative adjectives with -est
Audio 104 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
The historic district is the oldest part of the city. Its the busiest, too.
The Empire State Building is one of the tallest buildings in New York City.
Lake Superior is the largest lake in the United States.
I think New York City has the best pizza.
San Francisco is the foggiest city in the United States.
In my opinion, Los Angeles has the worst traffic.

Spelling with est Tip


Note these spelling rules:
Base Superlative
-e nice nicest
Short vowel + one consonant big biggest
-y heavy heaviest
Irregular good best
bad worst

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Grammar 2
Complete the sentences. Use the superlative form of the adjective in the
parenthesis.
1 Seattle is (cloudy) city in the United States.
2 I love going to the Philippines. They have (good) beaches.
3 What is (big) shopping mall in Hawaii?
4 Theres so much pollution here! I think it has (bad) air quality in the
country.
5 The Brooklyn Bridge in New York City is one of (old) suspension bridges
in the United States.
6 I know a website where we can find (cheap) hotels and flights.

Grammar 3
Superlative adjectives with the most
Audio 105 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
The Getty Museum has the most beautiful
gardens in the world. Comparative Tip
adjectives with
The Statue of Liberty is one of the most the most
popular tourist attractions in New York City.
For most adjectives
Ginza in Tokyo is one of the most famous with two or more
shopping areas in Japan. syllables (except
Singapore is the most expensive city to live in. where the second
syllable is -y), we use
I think San Francisco has the most delicious the most.
seafood in the United States.

Grammar 4
Complete the sentences. Use the superlative form of the adjective in the
parenthesis.
1 I think Hong Kong is (exciting) city to live in.
2 Hawaii has some of (beautiful) beaches in the world.
3 Times Square in New York City is one of (famous) tourist areas in the
United States.
4 I think Miami Beachs historic district in Florida has (interesting)
architecture.
5 I think I live in (peaceful) neighborhood in my city.

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16
Grammar 5
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker uses
superlative adjectives.

Lucy Toshi, do you like my new sunglasses?


Toshi They look expensive.
Lucy Well, they arent. In fact, theyre the cheapest I found.
Toshi You certainly love to shop. Hey, didnt you go to the US last year?
Lucy Yes, I went to Savannah, Georgia. I had the best time there.
Toshi Savannah?
Lucy Yes, its on the coast near Florida. And it has the sunniest beaches and the
most beautiful historic district.
Toshi Sunny beaches are always good.
Lucy It has the prettiest squares downtown. Theyre like little plazas. And the
oldest houses are on these squares.
Toshi That sounds nice, but its probably the most boring thing to do on a
vacation! What about restaurants?
Lucy Well, the busiest street in town is along the river.
Toshi Is that the most exciting place in Savannah?
Lucy Of course! The most interesting shopping area in town is on River Street.
Toshi Hmmm. It sounds popular with the tourists.
Lucy Its probably the most popular place with the tourists in Savannah. The
biggest and most expensive hotels are there along the river, too.
Toshi Lucy, why do you always like the most crowded places in a town?
Lucy First look at these earrings. I bought them on River Street in Savannah.
Theyre the cutest youve ever seen, arent they?
Toshi Of coursethe cutest.
Lucy Second, its not about the crowds or the tourists, Toshi. Its about
Toshi Wait. I knowits about the shopping!

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16.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the correct location.

The Danakil Desert in Eritrea is one of the most


volatile places on the planet. This desert is one of
the hottest places on Earth. If that wasnt enough,
the place is also full of volcanoes which can
cause the ground to shake all the time.

There is a room in Minnesota in the United States


that is so quiet that no one can manage to stay in it
for more than 45 minutes. It is the quietest place in
the world. There is no external sound, so everything
you hear comes from your own body. Companies
test products in there and NASA uses it to help
astronauts get used to the silence of space.

The Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in


Barrow, Alaska is one of the coldest places
Atlanta in the United States is the busiest airport
on Earth. The temperature is only above
in the world. More than 94 million passengers
freezing for a few months a year. It is also
went through it in 2013. That is one busy airport!
one of the darkest places on Earth. The sun
sets at the end of November and doesnt
come back until the end of January.

1 [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta] is one of the most
volatile places on the planet.
2 [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta] is one of the
coldest places on Earth.
3 There is a room in [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta]
that is the quietest place on Earth.
4 The airport in [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta] is the
busiest in the world.
5 [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta] doesnt get a lot of
sunlight.
6 [The Danakil Desert / Barrow, Alaska / Minnesota / Atlanta] is hot and full of
volcanoes.

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16

16.6
Listening
Audio 106 Listen. Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word or phrase.
1 1 Tsukiji Fish Market is seafood market in Japan.
a the oldest b the biggest
2 The market opens .
a before the sun rises b just after sunset
3 To get the best price, you .
a shouldnt argue b should try to bargain

2 4 The Petronas Towers are buildings in Kuala Lumpur.


a the tallest b the most beautiful
5 There is a bridge of the two towers.
a in the middle b at the top
6 Its the bridge in the world.
a longest b highest

3 7 The Great Sphinx of Giza is .


a an ancient monument b a modern miracle
8 Its the oldest in the world.
a statue b pyramid
9 It has and the body of a cat.
a two mysterious faces b the face of a king

4 10 The Great Barrier Reef is coral reef in the world.


a the deepest b the biggest
11 It is made up of reefs.
a 3,000 b 9,000
12 It covers 350,000 .
a individual islands b square kilometers

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16.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Think about the most popular tourist attraction in your city or town. Explain why its
so popular.
In your opinion, what is the best city in the world? (It might be a place you visited,
but it doesnt have to be.) Why do you think its the best?
Think about a monument or landmark that you know. Describe it using superlatives
(the oldest, the biggest, the most beautiful, the most popular, etc.).

16.8
Writing
Consider the following locations and sights across the globe:
Taj Mahal The Vatican
Mount Everest The Blue Mosque
Stonehenge Hawaiian volcanoes
Easter Island Egyptian Pyramids
Great Barrier Reef Antarctica
Eiffel Tower Serengeti
Redwoods National Park Another magnificent place you
Statue of Liberty know about!

Choose one or two places and explain why you would like to go there.
Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or your teacher for
feedback.
I have always wanted to see an active volcano. Going to Hawaii would be the best trip
because it is the biggest island in the chain and has the best hiking. Hiking to a volcano
would be the most exciting part of the trip. The most delicious food is served at a traditional
luau, too. Although, Honolulu is one of the busiest cities and I would like to visit it, too.

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17 How does
it look?

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Clothing
Dialogue
Two friends shopping for one of them
Pronunciation
Vowel sounds with different spellings
Grammar
Adjectives with adverbs of degree: (not) very,
(not) enough, and too
Order of adjectives
Reading
Dress for success
Listening
People having a conversation while clothes
shopping
Speaking
Describing what you like to wear on the weekend
Writing
Writing a description of how you dress for
different occasions

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17.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 107 Read and listen to the words.

dressjacket
jeanspants
shirt
shortssweatersuitbootssneakers
shoessockscasualcomfortabledarkformal
lightlooseplaintight

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 Her shoes fit very well. They are not too [plain / tight / comfortable / light].
2 Hes wearing a striped [skirt / jacket / suit / sweater].
3 I dont like to wear plain [sneakers / boots / shoes / socks].
4 We wear [uncomfortable / casual / formal / expensive] clothes in our office.
5 That [dress / skirt / jacket / sweater] is very loose on her.

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 Will this [shirt / sweater / suit / dress] be too loose on me?
2 I cant run in these heavy [boots / pants / jeans / shorts].
3 Do these [sneakers / boots / jeans / shorts] look too tight?
4 My sister always wears [dark / formal / light / white] clothes.
5 Would you like to try on these [sneakers / shoes / pants / socks]?

1 2 3 4 5

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17
Vocabulary 4
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 His [sweater / clothes / suit / plain] is formal, but its also very comfortable.
2 I like to wear [dark / formal / light / tight] clothes in the summer.
3 Will these [jeans / shorts / pants / sneakers] fit my wife?
4 Wear [formal / tight / light / comfortable] boots to go walking.
5 His shirt isnt [plain / casual / blue / angry]. In fact, its very loud.
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 5
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 I like to wear my shirt a little [loose / dark / short / tight].
2 These [boots / shorts / sneakers / pants] look great, but theyre too tight.
3 Those [jeans / shirts / shorts / boots] are bright and comfortable.
4 Is this jacket [sure / light / old / formal] enough for the office?
5 Which [shoe / shirt / skirt / shop] do you prefer?

1 2 3 4

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Vocabulary 6
Audio 108 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 
Her shoes fit very well. They are not 12  I like to wear light clothes in the
too tight. summer.
2 Hes wearing a striped sweater. 13 Will these pants fit my wife?
3 I dont like to wear plain socks. 14 Wear comfortable boots to go walking.
4 We wear casual clothes in our office. 15 His shirt isnt plain. In fact, its very loud.
5 That jacket is very loose on her. 16 I like to wear my shirt a little loose.
6 Will this dress be too loose on me? 17  These sneakers look great, but theyre
7 I cant run in these heavy boots. too tight.

8 Do these jeans look too tight? 18  Those shorts are bright and
comfortable.
9 My sister always wears dark clothes.
19  Is this jacket formal enough for the
10 Would you like to try on these shoes? office?
11  His suit is formal, but its also very 20 Which shirt do you prefer?
comfortable.

17.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 109 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Li and her friend Josh are in a clothing store.

Li Josh, please stop texting. I need your help choosing a dress.


Josh Why? Im not very good with fashion.
Li Dont be silly. Look at what youre wearing.
Josh Its not very special. Old jeans and a shirt.
Li New dark blue jeans and a light blue casual shirt.
Josh And dont forget my comfortable blue sneakers.
Li Exactly. Youre a smart, fashionable guy.
Josh Yeah, right. I am a real fashionista. So which do you like better? The long red
dress or the shorter green dress?
Li The long red dress looks too formal. And its not very comfortable.
Josh So you prefer the shorter green dress?
Li I like it, but its a little too plain. Its not interesting enough.
Josh Really? Its not too plain at all. Its casual, and it looks awesome on you.
Li Youre right. Im going to buy this awesome casual green dress right now.

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17
Dialogue 2
Choose Yes or No.
1 Josh is texting and wearing a suit. Yes / No
2 Li loves the long red dress. Yes / No
3 The green dress looks good on Li. Yes / No

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

17.3
Pronunciation
Vowel sounds with different spellings
Audio 110 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
shoes sweater tight
loose dress white
suit

17.4
Grammar 1
Adjectives with adverbs of degree: (not) very, (not) enough, and too
Audio 111 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I like these pants, but they are too small.
These shoes are comfortable enough to wear to work.
This bag is big enough to carry my laptop computer.
That shirt is not very formal for the wedding.
I like my pants very loose.

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Grammar 2
Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 That shirt looks [too / enough] tight.
2 The clothes at this store are [too / very] beautiful.
3 I need a suitcase thats big [enough / very].
4 I think that sweater is not [enough / very] thick.
5 I dont think that dress is formal [enough / too] for the party.
6 Those pants look [too / enough] loose. You need a belt.

Grammar 3
Order of adjectives
Order of adjectives Tip
1 Opinion: nice, pretty,
Audio 112 Read and listen to the comfortable, etc.
grammar presentation. 2 Size/length: big, small,
I just bought a beautiful red formal dress. long, etc.
3 Color: red, blue, black, etc.
I really like your small black bag.
4 Style: casual, formal,
Im looking for a white casual shirt. baggy, etc.
Look at the nice blue shoes in the store.
I need to buy a big black bag to take to work.

Grammar 4
Choose the correct order of the adjectives for each sentence.
1 I have a [blue pretty / pretty blue] dress to wear to the party.
2 I like that [big purple / purple big] sweater.
3 I want [nice comfortable / comfortable nice] sneakers to wear to the gym.
4 I like to wear [baggy big / big baggy] jeans at home. Theyre comfortable.
5 Im looking for [tall black / black tall] boots.
6 I need a [formal small / small formal] purse to take to the wedding.

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17
Grammar 5
Underline all the places in the conversation where the speaker uses adverbs
of degree with an adjective.

Li Josh, please stop texting. I need your help choosing a dress.


Josh Why? Im not very good with fashion.
Li Dont be silly. Look at what youre wearing.
Josh Its not very special. Old jeans and a shirt.
Li New dark blue jeans and a light blue casual shirt.
Josh And dont forget my comfortable blue sneakers.
Li Exactly. Youre a smart, fashionable guy.
Josh Yeah, right. I am a real fashionista. So which do you like better? The long red
dress or the shorter green dress?
Li The long red dress looks too formal. And its not very comfortable.
Josh So you prefer the shorter green dress?
Li I like it, but its a little too plain. Its not interesting enough.
Josh Really? Its not too plain at all. Its casual, and it looks awesome on you.
Li Youre right. Im going to buy this awesome casual green dress right now.

17.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

Dress for success


It really makes a difference what you wear to an interview. Colors can convey who you are
and how you will fit in at a company.
It is better to stay away from brighter colors like yellow, purple, orange, and green at an
interview. These colors dont convey confidence or trust so its better to just stick with
neutrals.
Black is indeed neutral, but not always the best choice for an interview suit. Black is a very
powerful and commanding color, and may make you seem unapproachable and closed off.
Blue is a great neutral color. Blues can convey feelings of calm and trust. It also makes
people think that you are confident. Studies show that people who wear navy blue are more
likely to get the job than those wearing any other color.
Gray is a good color for an interview suit because it conveys sophistication and neutrality.
It also makes you seem logical and analytical. Gray is also a lonely color, which can make
interviewers feel that you are good at working independently.
Or you may want to consider wearing brown. Brown conveys dependability and makes
people calmer. It is a good solid neutral color for an interview suit.

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1 Black is a great color to wear at job interviews. True / False
2 Blue conveys feelings of calm and trust. True / False
3 Gray conveys sophistication. True / False
4 Brown makes people excitable. True / False
5 You should wear purple and green to interviews whenever you can. True / False
6 People who wear navy blue are more likely to get the job. True / False

17.6
Listening
Audio 113 Listen. Then read the questions. Choose the correct answer.
1 What did she do to the jacket?
a She made the shoulders bigger. b She fixed the buttons.
2 What is she going to do now?
a Shes going to clean the suit. b 
Shes going to make the sleeves
longer.
3 What size does she want the sweater in?
a She wants one in a bigger size. b She wants a medium.
4 Why isnt she going to try on the sweater?
a Shes late for work. b Its for her sister.
5 Why is it hard for her to choose a pair of shoes?
a She cant find the right size. b Shes not sure about the color.
6 Whats good about the black shoes?
a You can wear them with almost anything. b Theyre on sale.

1 2 3

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17

17.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What do you like to wear to school or work? Describe your usual outfit.
What do you wear on the weekend? Describe your favorite clothes and why you
like them.

17.8
Writing
Write a description of how you dress for different types of occasions. Pick two
or more situations and write what you wear
when you exercise.
at a religious service.
at a family party.
out on a date.
for an interview.
in the office or at school.
when you are watching TV at home.
bike riding.
when working in the garden.
Follow the example. Then show your writing to a partner or your teacher for
feedback.
I wear casual but professional clothing to work. I need to wear comfortable shoes for
walking to the train. I usually bring a light sweater with me because the office is chilly. I dont
like to be too casual, but I do wear jeans with nice shirts. On the weekends for a night out or
for a date, I mostly wear skirts and dressy shoes. I still like to be comfortable, but I want to be
colorful and fashionable, too.

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18 How I
got here

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Biography
Dialogue
A grandfather telling his grandchildren about
the choices he made in life
Pronunciation
Reduction of /d/ before certain consonant
sounds
Grammar
Because and so
Reading
The changing face of learning
Listening
People talking about important life events
Speaking
Talking about your important life events
Writing
Writing about the life of someone in your
family

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18

18.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 114 Read and listen to the words.

be borngrow upgraduate from high schoolgo to collegeget a degree


get a jobget marriedhave kidsretirespend time with grandchildren

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 She [stopped / ended / left / graduated from] high school last year.
2 They got [graduated / married / a job / a degree] because theyre in love.
3 I [grew / retired / began / returned] last year, so I have more free time now.
4 My grandmother was [retired / grown / born / beginning] in Germany, so she
speaks German.
5 Alice got a [college / school / graduation / degree] in computer science, so she
can program websites.

1 2 3

4 5

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
1 My wife [spends / lives / got married / grew up] in a small town in Mexico.
2 Theyre retired, so now they can [buy / spend / grow / reach] more time with their
grandson.
3 He went to [college / graduate / get married / retire] because he loves math.
4 We had two [days / families / kids / people] when we lived in Thailand.
5 Shes very smart, so she [retired from / spends time at / got / graduated from] a
job easily.

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 115 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 She graduated from high school last year.
2 They got married because theyre in love.
3 I retired last year, so I have more free time now.
4 My grandmother was born in Germany, so she speaks German.
5 Alice got a degree in computer science, so she can program websites.
6 My wife grew up in a small town in Mexico.
7 Theyre retired, so now they can spend more time with their grandson.
8 He went to college because he loves math.
9 We had two kids when we lived in Thailand.
10 Shes very smart, so she got a job easily.

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18

18.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 116 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Terri and her brother Sammy are talking with their grandfather in his living room.

Terri Grandfather, we have to write a biography for history class. Can we


ask you some questions about your life?
Grandfather Sure. Im afraid its not going to be very interesting because my life
isnt very exciting.
Terri Youre our grandfather, so your biography is important to us.
Sammy Thats righteven if its not interesting.
Terri Sammy!
Sammy Werent you born in the 1940s?
Grandfather Yes, I was born in 1946.
Sammy Where did you grow up?
Grandfather I grew up in Texas, and we all lived on a big farm.
Terri Where did you go to high school?
Grandfather I went to a high school in a little town in eastern Texas.
Sammy Where did you go to college?
Grandfather I never went to college because I never graduated high school.
Sammy Why didnt you graduate?
Grandfather I didnt graduate because I needed to make money.
Terri You chose not to finish your education, so you could make some
money?
Grandfather Thats right. But you need to know why I made that choice.
Sammy Why did you?
Grandfather My father died, so I had to leave school and work on the farm.
Terri Was that a difficult choice for you?
Grandfather It was an easy choice because I loved my mother and little brothers.
Terri Wow! Grandfather, thats a beautiful story.
Sammy And its a very interesting part of your biography!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 When was their grandfather born?
a 1940 b 1946 c 1948
2 Where did their grandfather live when he was young?
a on a farm b in the city c east of Texas
3 Why didnt their grandfather graduate high school?
a He didnt like school. b His school was closed. c His father died.

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Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

18.3
Pronunciation
Reduction of /d/ before certain consonant sounds
Audio 117 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
She studied German in college.
He got married to Elsa in 1978.
My grandmother retired before I was born.
I like to spend time with my grandchildren now.

18.4
Grammar 1
Because and so
Audio 118 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
I went to Central University because it was near my parents home.
Central University was near my parents home, so I went there.

I spend a lot of time with my grandchildren now because I retired in 2010.


I retired in 2010, so I spend a lot of time with my grandchildren now.

I decided to live in France because I studied French in college.


I studied French in college, so I decided to live in France.

Grammar 2
Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 Amy couldnt find a job, [because / so] she decided to go back to school.
2 Paul went to design school [because / so] he loved art and he was always very
creative.
3 Yung didnt know what he wanted to do after graduating from high school,
[because / so] he took a year off and traveled around the world.
4 Ivan was always good at math, [because / so] he studies engineering in college.
5 Mike started his own business [because / so] he didnt want to work for anyone.
6 I had a hard time finding a job [because / so] I never finished high school.

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18
Grammar 3
Complete the conversation with because and so.

Terri Grandfather, we have to write a biography for history class. Can we


ask you some questions about your life?
Grandfather Sure. Im afraid its not going to be very interesting 1 my
life isnt very exciting.
Terri Youre our grandfather, 2 your biography is important to
us.
Sammy Thats righteven if its not interesting.
Terri Sammy!
Sammy Werent you born in the 1940s?
Grandfatther Yes, I was born in 1946.
Sammy Where did you grow up?
Grandfather I grew up in Texas, and we all lived on a big farm.
Terri Where did you go to high school?
Grandfather I went to a high school in a little town in eastern Texas.
Sammy Where did you go to college?
Grandfather I never went to college 3 I never graduated high school.
Sammy Why didnt you graduate?
Grandfather I didnt graduate 4 I needed to make money.
Terri You chose not to finish your education, 5 you could make
some money?
Grandfather Thats right. But you need to know why I made that choice.
Sammy Why did you?
Grandfather My father died, 6 I had to leave school and work on the
farm.
Terri Was that a difficult choice for you?
Grandfather It was an easy choice 7 I loved my mother and little
brothers.
Terri Wow! Grandfather, thats a beautiful story.
Sammy And its a very interesting part of your biography!

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18.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.

The changing face of learning


At one time, college classes were made up of mostly young men. Recently, that has
changed. Many people cant afford to go to college right out of high school because
college is so expensive. Between now and 2020, experts think that college enrollment
will increase 16% for 25- to 34-year-olds and 17% for students 35 years old and older.
That is a big change from just 20 years ago. It makes sense to put off going to college,
or to put off going to graduate school. When you are older you have more knowledge so
that you can get more out of college. As of fall 2012, 38% of the students at private
nonprofit institutions were 25 or older.
Lately, more women than men choose to attend college and graduate school. As of
October 2011, 45% of women aged 18 to 24 were enrolled in college or graduate
programs, whereas only 39% of men were enrolled in the same programs. Also, between
now and 2019, the number of Hispanic students is expected to increase by 27%.
Colleges are changing. So if you want to go back to school as an older adult, you wont
be alone!

1 College classes used to be made up of mostly young men. True / False


2 Enrollment for older students will go down in the next seven years. True / False
3 As of fall 2012, 38% of the students at private nonprofit institutions
were 25 or older. True / False
4 More men than women are choosing to attend college and grad
schools. True / False
5 Enrollment of Hispanic students is increasing. True / False

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18

18.6
Listening
Audio 119 Listen. Then choose the correct answer.
1 Why didnt Marianne go to school as a child?
a She didnt have time. b She lived too far from town.
2 In the beginning, how much time did she spend writing each night?
a one hour b two hours
3 Why does she have more free time now?
a She retired from her job. b
Her children left.
4 How long does it take her to write a novel?
a six months b 16 months
5 Where is her next book set?
a Indonesia b India
6 What advice does Marianne give to new writers?
a read a lot b travel a lot

18.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
Tell the story of your life so far. Use a variety of verbs in the past tense.
Talk about the best decision you ever made. Use sentences with because and so.

18.8
Writing
Write about the life of someone in your family. Talk about the important
events in his/her life and the reasons he/she made some of those choices.
Follow the example. Then show your note to a partner or teacher for feedback.
My grandmother wanted to move to a bigger city. She had hopes of being a teacher. So she
enrolled in a teachers college to earn a degree. When she graduated, she packed up her
things and moved away from her family. She knew she would have more opportunities in
a bigger city. Then, she met my grandfather. He asked her to marry him, and she accepted.
The only problem was that at that time, teachers were asked to resign when they married.
She loved teaching so much, but she wanted to also get married. It was a hard decision to
make. She was always proud of her teaching days.

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19 Personal
goals

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Personal goals
Dialogue
Talking about New Years resolutions
Pronunciation
Pronouncing x
Grammar
Infinitives of purpose
Reading
Im resolved
Listening
People talking about their personal goals
Speaking
Talking about your personal goals
Writing
Writing about your education/work goals for
the next five years

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19

19.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 120 Read and listen to the words.

exercise to get in shapeget an internship to get experience


go on a diet to lose weightjoin a dating service to meet someone
learn yoga to help me relaxread more news to understand the world
save money to buy a carstudy harder to get better grades
take a class to learn Italiantake lessons to learn how to swim

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 Im going to [sign / start / begin / join] a dating service to meet someone.
2 My brother and I are going to [exercise / eat / expand ] to get in shape.
3 Are you going to [end / live / go] on a diet to lose weight?
4 Our daughter is going to [study / buy / get] an internship to get experience.
5 Were going to [store / save / sell] money to buy a car.
1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
1 Im going to read more [news / fiction / signs] to understand the world.
2 Shes learning [yoga / to swim / to cook] to help her relax.
3 Hes going to [teach / give / take] lessons to learn how to swim.
4 My best friend is going to take classes to [teach / learn / eat] Russian.
5 Im going to study harder to get better [schools / grades / teachers / students].

1 2 3 4 5

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Vocabulary 4
Audio 121 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 Im going to join a dating service to meet someone.
2 My brother and I are going to exercise to get in shape.
3 Are you going to go on a diet to lose weight?
4 Our daughter is going to get an internship to get experience.
5 Were going to save money to buy a car.
6 Im going to read more news to understand the world.
7 Shes learning yoga to help her relax.
8 Hes going to take lessons to learn how to swim.
9 My best friend is going to take classes to learn Russian.
10 Im going to study harder to get better grades.

19.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 122 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Leo and his friend Rosa are at a New Years party.

Leo I love New Years Day.


Rosa Why?
Leo I always make a New Years resolution to improve my life.
Rosa Whats your resolution this year?
Leo Im going to study harder.
Rosa Thats curious. Why are you going to study harder?
Leo Im going to study harder to get better grades.
Rosa You want better grades?
Leo Yes. I want better grades to get an internship.
Rosa Why are you going to get an internship?
Leo Im going to get an internship to get experience and to get a good job.
Rosa That sounds complicated.
Leo Well, it all starts with my New Years resolution.
Rosa To study harder?
Leo Exactly. And I always keep my resolutions.
Rosa I dont like New Years resolutions. I cant keep them. But this year, I found
the perfect resolution to solve that problem.
Leo Really? Whats your resolution?
Rosa Im not going to make one.
Leo But thats not a resolution.
Rosa Yes, it is. My resolution is not to make a resolution.

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19
Dialogue 2
Choose True or False.
1 Leo never makes a New Years resolution. True / False
2 Leo never keeps his New Years resolutions. True / False
3 Rosa doesnt like New Years resolutions. True / False
4 Rosa resolves to get an internship this year. True / False

Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

19.3
Pronunciation
Pronouncing x
Audio 123 Listen. Then practice saying these words.
experienceexerciseexpensiveexcitedMexico

19.4
Grammar 1
Infinitives of purpose
Audio 124 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Im saving money to buy a car.
Were going on a diet to lose weight.
Hes learning English to study abroad.
She is going to study harder to get better grades.
They go to the gym to stay in shape.

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Grammar 2
Choose the best word from the box and complete the sentences using
infinitives of purpose.

staymeetgetbecomebuylearn
1 Hana is going to school English.
2 They are studying very hard good grades.
3 My brother joined an online dating service someone.
4 My husband and I are saving our money a house.
5 I go to the gym and swim everyday in shape.
6 James is taking a first aid class a lifeguard.

Grammar 3
Underline the infinitives of purpose in the conversation.

Leo I love New Years day.


Rosa Why?
Leo I always make a New Years resolution to improve my life.
Rosa Whats your resolution this year?
Leo Im going to study harder.
Rosa Thats curious. Why are you going to study harder?
Leo Im going to study harder to get better grades.
Rosa You want better grades?
Leo Yes. I want better grades to get an internship.
Rosa Why are you going to get an internship?
Leo Im going to get an internship to get experience and to get a good job.
Rosa That sounds complicated.
Leo Well, it all starts with my New Years resolution.
Rosa To study harder?
Leo Exactly. And I always keep my resolutions.
Rosa I dont like New Years resolutions. I cant keep them. But this year, I found
the perfect resolution to solve that problem.
Leo Really? Whats your resolution?
Rosa Im not going to make a resolution.
Leo But thats not a resolution.
Rosa Yes, it is. My resolution is not to make a resolution.

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19

19.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose True or False.


I m r e s o l v e d
Many people make New Years resolutions. They may make
resolutions to save money, lose weight, get in shape, meet
someone, or take lessons to learn all kinds of things. The
problem is that these things are all difficult. In fact, only about
half of the people who make New Years resolutions keep
up with them for more than a few months. But there are
strategies you can try to help reach your goals.
Make a plan for reaching your goal. Make a commitment
to yourself, and then come up with a plan to achieve it. This
will help you later when you are feeling discouraged or
overwhelmed.
Make your goal attainable. Losing 100 lbs in a year may be
unrealistic, but losing 20 is an attainable goal. You can always
make another goal later if you reach the first one.
Put something on the line. Many people find that committing money is a
good motivator. There are websites you can use that will hold your money
for as long as you want and will donate it to a charity if you fail to meet your
goal.
Lastly, look for help from your friends and family. No one can do it
alone. Ask for help if you need it.

1 You shouldnt make a plan to reach your goal. True / False


2 People make resolutions to lose weight, get in shape, and
meet someone. True / False
3 You should make an attainable goal. True / False
4 You can always make another goal. True / False
5 Putting some money on the line is a bad idea. True / False
6 You can look for help from your friends and family. True / False

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19.6
Listening
Listen. What are the speakers goals? What are the steps they need
Audio 125

to go through to reach their goals? Write the phrases in the correct place.

taking a computer courseget a job at a computer firm


taking a course in fitness and nutrition
going to attend a seminar to improve presentation skills
started exercising to lose weightbe a fitness instructor or nutritionist
stopped eating junk foodimprove healthtaking basic English courses

1 1 Andrews goal

2 Andrews steps

2 3 Sonias goal

4 Sonias steps

3 5 Steves goal

6 Steves steps

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19

19.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What are your educational goals? Talk about your goals using infinitives of purpose
(Im going to, I plan to, Im studying to, etc.).
Do you have any personal goals for the next year? Do you want to lose weight, for
example, or try something new? What is your goal and how do you plan to reach it?

19.8
Writing
Write about your education or work goals for the next five years. Follow the
example. Then show your writing to a partner or your teacher for feedback.
Id like to study for the New York City firefighters exam next spring. I have to attend classes
and buy books to prepare. I also need to begin training for the fitness requirements. Before
the exam, though, I want to complete more language classes. I also need to take a driving
exam this summer. After the firefighters exam, I hope to earn enough money to rent or buy
a bigger apartment.

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20 The world
well live in

Unit Goals
In this unit, you will practice thefollowing:
Vocabulary
Environment
Dialogue
A discussion about life in 40 years
Pronunciation
Pronouncing y
Grammar
Future with will for predictions
Reading
Changing climates
Listening
People talking about how life will be in the
future
Speaking
Talking about what life will be like in the
future
Writing
Writing about how you think life will change
in the next 100 years

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20

20.1
Vocabulary 1
Audio 126 Read and listen to the words.

continue torecycleglass bottlesmetal canspaper productsplastic bottles


take public transportationtake classes onlineelectronic goodsoil

Vocabulary 2
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
1 In the future, will people to read newspapers?
a start b continue c begin d finish
2 Soda wont come in any more.
a glass bottles b containers c paper products d electronic goods
3 People will still materials at home.
a continue b contribute c recycle d
refund
4 What foods will come in in one hundred years?
a plastic bottles b glass bottles c paper products d metal cans
5 Most people will take transportation.
a product b public c private d
principle

1 2 3

4 5

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Vocabulary 3
Look at the pictures. Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the
sentences.
1 In the future, goods will use less energy.
a metal b paper c plastic d electronic
2 People wont use very often.
a plastic bottles b glass bottles c metal cans d paper products
3 Do you think that will be even more expensive?
a electronic goods b paper products c oil d recycling
4 Many people will take classes .
a at school b in space c online d inside
5 Will people continue to recycle ?
a oil b plastic bottles c paper products d metal

1 2 3 4 5

Vocabulary 4
Audio 127 Listen. Then practice saying these sentences.
1 In the future, will people continue to read newspapers?
2 Soda wont come in glass bottles any more.
3 People will still recycle materials at home.
4 What foods will come in metal cans in one hundred years?
5 Most people will take public transportation.
6 In the future, electronic goods will use less energy.
7 People wont use paper products very often.
8 Do you think that oil will be even more expensive?
9 Many people will take classes online.
10 Will people continue to recycle plastic bottles?

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20

20.2
Dialogue 1
Audio 128 Read and listen to the dialogue.
Mark, Beth, and Ivanna are in a caf.

Mark Listen to this! In 40 years, students will not go to school.


Beth What?
Mark They will take all their classes online.
Ivanna Where are you reading that?
Mark Its from this blog about the future. Also there will be very little oil. So most
people will take public transportation or ride bikes.
Ivanna It sounds like the environment will continue to be in danger.
Beth Im not worried. Well recycle metal cans, plastic bottles, and paper
products.
Mark Most people will use solar power in their homes.
Beth With solar power, well have a cleaner environment in 40 years.
Ivanna What does the blog say about water?
Mark There wont be enough clean water for the world. Water will become very
expensive.
Beth Im still not worried.
Ivanna Are you serious? Without water, there will be more deserts. The
temperatures will rise.
Mark Now listen to this. People wont send text messages. Theyll use video
messages.
Beth What? Now that scares me!
Ivanna I dont understand. That sounds cool.
Beth Video messages. Think about it. I look beautiful now. But in 40 years, Ill look
old!
Mark Hmmm. That is a scary thought!

Dialogue 2
Choose the correct answers.
1 What is Mark reading?
a a blog b a magazine c a newspaper
2 What wont be recycled?
a metal cans b plastic bottles c electronic goods
3 What will people use instead of text messages?
a video messages b emails c letters

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Dialogue 3
Practice reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.

20.3
Pronunciation
Pronouncing y
Audio 129 Listen. Then practice saying the words.
recycle
try
system
heavy
study

20.4
Grammar 1
Future tense with will to talk about predictions
Audio 130 Read and listen to the grammar presentation.
Most people will use solar energy in their homes.
Most people in big cities will ride a bicycle or take public transportation to work.
Students will study and take classes online instead of going to school.
There wont be enough water. Water will become very expensive.
Many people wont know how to use a pen or pencil.
People wont send text messages. Theyll only send video messages.

Grammar 2
Use the verbs in the parenthesis to complete the sentences using the future
tense with will.
1 Most people (drive) electric cars.
2 All students (use) tablets in class. They (not use) pen and
paper.
3 We (see) driverless cars on the street.
4 People (not go) shopping in stores. They (shop) online only.
5 Space exploration (be) available for everyone at an affordable cost.
6 The Internet (replace) television.

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20
Grammar 3
Complete the conversation using the verbs in the box. Use the future with will.

not sendbe (x3)


not go
look
take (x2)recyclehave
becomeuse (x2)continuerise

Mark Listen to this! In 40 years, students 1 to school.


Beth What?
Mark They 2 all their classes online.
Ivanna Where are you reading that?
Mark Its from this blog about the future. Also there 3 very little oil. So
most people 4 public transportation or ride bikes.
Ivanna It sounds like the environment 5 to be in danger.
Beth Im not worried. We 6
metal cans, plastic bottles, and paper
products.
Mark Most people 7 solar power in their homes.
Beth With solar power, we 8
a cleaner environment in 40 years.
Ivanna What does the blog say about water?
Mark There 9 enough clean water for the world. Water 10
very expensive.
Beth Im still not worried.
Ivanna Are you serious? Without water, there 11 more deserts. The
temperatures 12
.
Mark Now listen to this. People 13
text messages. They 14
video messages.
Beth What? Now that scares me!
Ivanna I dont understand. That sounds cool.
Beth Video messages. Think about it. I look beautiful now. But in 40 years,
I 15 old!
Mark Hmmm. That is a scary thought!

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20.5
Reading
Read the article. Then read the sentences. Choose the right organization.

Changing climates
Climate change is a scary idea. Many people would prefer not to think about it.
But there are a number of organizations that are dedicated to doing something
about climate change.

Idle No More
Idle No More is a mostly Canadian organization. They were formed in 2012. That
was when a new law relaxed environmental protections and native peoples rights in
order to allow companies better access to tar sands and crude oil in Canada. The
group holds protests with people participating all over the country. Recently, they had
a six-week-long hunger strike.
350.org
350.orgs goal is to unite climate activists around the world into a larger movement.
They use the Internet to help people organize local climate focused campaigns. They
take their name from the amount of carbon dioxide that scientists say is a safe
concentration in the atmosphere350 parts per million.
NRDC
The NRDC is an American environmental action group. They have spent the last 40
years working toward making the earth safer and healthier. Today, the group uses their
online presence along with the expertise of lawyers, scientists and other professionals to
win environmental court cases. They also support other environmental campaigns.

1 They are an American organization.  Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC


2 They are a mostly Canadian organization. Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC
3 They are a worldwide organization. Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC
4 They hold protests. Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC
5 They use lawyers. Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC
6 They use the Internet to help organize people. Idle No More / 350.org / NRDC

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20

20.6
Listening
Audio 131 Listen. Complete each sentence using the phrases in the box.

other languages will disappearscientists will discover a cure for cancer


there will be more opportunities for women in the future
the melting ice caps will have serious consequences

1 Faisel believes that soon .


2 Elle is afraid that because of the spread of English .
3 Trevor worries about predicting the weather because .
4 Alma believes that even though women have not had the same opportunities in
the past .
1 2

3 4

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20.7
Speaking
Practice asking and answering the questions with a partner.
What new inventions will we see in the future? Make a prediction using sentences
with will.
Talk about something that you think will be a problem in the future. How will we
solve it? Use sentences with might, going to, and will.

20.8
Writing
Write about how you think the world will change in the next 100 years.
Consider these areas: the environment, education, technology, shopping, food
tastes and customs, multilingual speakers, fitness and obesity, diseases, space
and underwater exploration. Follow the example. Then show your writing to a
partner or your teacher for feedback.
In the future, I think people will continue to do more shopping online than in stores. Many
companies will not have stores at all. I also think that people will continue to eat healthier
choices. But in 100 years, people may return to farming for themselves with smaller family
farms. Students will take classes online with teachers using video communication. Scientists
will study life in the deepest parts of the ocean.

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Answer key
Unit 1 Grammar 5 Vocabulary 4 Grammar 5
1 What 1 tall Mark Pamela, what does Krista
1.1 2 Where 2 moustache Jones look like?
3 What 3 medium-length Pamela Krista Jones? Well, shes
Vocabulary 2 tall. She has straight black
4 How 4 is bald
1 single hair. She has brown eyes.
5 Who 5 wears glasses
2 share an apartment Mark Doesnt she wear
6 beard
3 live in a college dorm 1.5 7 shoulder-length
glasses?
4 married Pamela Yes, she does.
8 is short
5 live at home Reading
Mark Okay. Isnt she in my
6 condo 1 False Vocabulary 5 English class?
7 in a relationship 2 True 1 smart
Pamela No. Shes not in your
3 False 2 popular
Vocabulary 3 English class. Her sister,
4 True 3 funny Karen, is in your English
1 c class.
4 friendly
2 a 1.6 5 shy Mark Really? Well, whats Karen
3 b like?
Listening
4 b
1 b
2.2 Pamela Shes shy, but shes
5 c friendly.
2 a Dialogue 2
1.2 3 b 1 a Mark Isnt she funny, too?
4 b 2 b Pamela No, Mark. Karens
Dialogue 2 5 a popular. Youre funny!
3 a
1 a 6 a Mark Youre right. I am funny.
2 b 2.4 And Im niceand smart
3 a Unit 2 and
Grammar 2
1.4 1.1 1 e 2.5
2 f
Grammar 2 Vocabulary 2 Reading
3 b
1 e 1 brown 1 True
4 d
2 c 2 blue 2 True
5 c
3 d 3 green 3 False
6 a
4 h 4 hazel 4 False
5 b 5 black Grammar 4 5 True
6 f 6 gray 1 Doesnt
7 g 7 red 2 Dont 2.6
8 a 8 brunette 3 Arent
Listening
9 blonde 4 Isnt
Grammar 4 1 Sandra: 25 years old / short
5 Dont brown hair, glasses
1 What Vocabulary 3
6 Isnt 2 Malcolm: suit with a
2 Who 1 spiky
blue tie / bald with a
3 Where 2 curly moustache and beard
4 When 3 straight 3 Celine: smart and popular /
5 How 4 wavy short spiky hair
5 long 4 Tito: six years old / T-shirt
6 short with a picture of a green
frog

Answer key 189

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 189 13/03/2015 11:37


Unit 3 3.6 4.2 Unit 5
1.1 Reading Dialogue 2 5.1
1 remote control cars 1 Yes
Vocabulary 2 2 origami 2 No Vocabulary 2
1 go to museums 3 origami 3 No 1 d
2 go hiking 4 rock climbing 2 b
3 read books 5 remote control cars 4.4 3 c
4 sew 6 rock climbing 4 a
Grammar 2
5 play soccer 5 c
1 c
6 go running 3.7 6 d
2 d
7 sing 7 b
Listening 3 b
8 go to concerts 8 b
1 Carlos: plays Spanish 4 f
9 c
Vocabulary 3 guitar; practices every day; 5 e
doesnt like sports
1 play the guitar 6 a Vocabulary 3
2 Kim: does karate; practices
2 practice yoga 1 c
every weekend; has a Grammar 3
3 play basketball yellow belt 2 b
1 What would you like to do?
4 does karate 3 Yohan: plays piano; isnt 3 a
2 Id like to bake cookies.
5 works out good at it; would rather 4 a
draw comics 3 Wouldnt you like to go to
6 plays piano 5 d
the beach?
7 go shopping 4 Ian: loves to watch soccer; 6 a
watches games with 4 Well, what would you like
to do at the beach? 7 a
3.2 friends
5 Id like to go swimming. 8 c

Dialogue 2 Unit 4 6 Would you like to go to the


beach with us today? 5.2
1 a
2 b 4.1 7 Id really like to go to the
Dialogue 2
beach but...
3 a Vocabulary 2 1 b
8 My girlfriend Sarah would
1 warm like to bake cookies 2 b
3.5 2 snowy instead. 3 c
3 9 Emily, would you like to 4 c
Grammar 2 windy
bake cookies with Sarah
1 e 4 cool
5 rainy
today? 5.4
2 a
3 d 6 hot 4.5 Grammar 2
4 c 7 sunny 1 a
5 b 8 cold Reading 2 c
6 f 9 cloudy 1 False 3 b
2 True 4 e
Grammar 3 Vocabulary 3 3 True 5 d
1 hiking 1 b 4 False 6 f
2 playing 2 a
3 playing 3 c 4.6
4 working out 4 b
Listening
5 reading 5 a
1 b
6 shopping 6 c
2 a
7 going 7 c
3 c
8 a
4 d
9 b
10 a
190 Connected 11 b

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 190 13/03/2015 11:37


Grammar 3 Unit 6 Ricky Yes, I do. Most good 4 listens to music in the car:
Carla Lets go see a romantic heavy metal music is from - likes classic rock
the 1980s.
comedy! I love romantic 6.1 - knows the words to all her
comedies. Gloria Really? favorite songs
Tony Comedies are funny. Vocabulary 2
Ricky Oh, yeah. My cousin
Romantic comedies are 1 b gave me a lot of heavy Unit 7
really boring. 2 a metal CDs from the 80s.
Alan That new horror movie is 3 d Julie Does he still like heavy
7.1
playing now. 4 b metal music?
Vocabulary 2
Carla Alan, horror movies are 5 c Ricky She is 49 years old and 1 apples
so scary. 6 c she loves it. But now she
2 tea
Alan This one isnt extremely 7 a only likes live music.
3 bananas
scary. Julie Is she rich? Almost all
Vocabulary 3 4 orange juice
Carla Oh, yes, it is! Its very live concerts are expensive.
1 d What does she do? 5 flour
scary. And its a little sad.
Tony Id like to see a good 2 d Ricky Shes not rich, but she Vocabulary 3
action movie. 3 b doesnt have a problem 1 grapes
Alan Action movies arent very 4 d going to a lot of live
concerts. 2 butter
entertaining. 5 a
3 potatoes
Tony Whatever. Action movies 6 d Gloria How come?
4 noodles
are really exciting. 7 c Ricky Shes the singer in a 5 carrots
Alan I have an idea. Carla and heavy metal band.
Tony, would you like to see a 6.2 Vocabulary 4
sci-fi movie? 6.5 1 cereal
Dialogue 2
Tony Well, sci-fi movies are 2 onions
really exciting.
1 b Reading
3 jam
2 c 1 Kendall
Carla And theyre kind of 4 beans
3 c 2 Raymond
romantic. 5 rice
3 Cynthia
Alan Perfect. That was a little 6.4 4
too complicated! Raymond 7.2
Grammar 2 5 Kendall
Dialogue 2
5.5 1 e 6 Cynthia
1 b
2 f
Reading 6.6 2 a
3 c
1 False 3 c
4 a Listening
2 True
5 b 1 street musician:
3 True 7.4
6 d - plays with other musicians
4 False downtown Grammar 2
Grammar 3 - tourists listen and join in 1 many
5.6 Julie Gloria, what kind of 2 goes to outdoor concerts: 2 much
music do you like?
Listening - local bands play folk and 3 much
1 be an actress / be in a Gloria I love movie rock 4 many
drama soundtracks. Very few stores - likes to sing and dance and
have a good selection, but 5 many
2 filmmaker and director / act a little crazy
thats not a problem. I shop 6 much
nature programs online for MP3s. 3 enjoys music from around
3 martial artist / Eyes of the the world:
Tiger Julie I have a new MP3 player, - likes Indian music, Mexican
and I buy most of my dance love songs, and Korean
4 thrillers / The Hotel music online, too. pop
Gloria Ricky, you like heavy - listens at night
metal music, dont you?
Answer key 191

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 191 13/03/2015 11:37


Grammar 4 3 takes an hour to get 8.6 Grammar 4
1 a little 4 alone 1 is meeting
2 a few 5 write emails Listening 2 arent having
3 a few 1 a hotel or restaurant / with 3 Im going
4 a lot 8.2 people
4 Are you playing
2 technical writer /
5 a lot Dialogue 2 5 are travelling
computer manuals
6 a little 1 True 6 Shes not singing
3 in an office / learning
2 True languages
Grammar 5 Grammar 5
3 False 4 apply to the teacher-
1 many 1 What are you and John
4 False training program / teach
2 many doing Saturday?
English overseas.
3 much 2 Are you two able to attend
8.4 the music festival with
4 much Unit 9 Sandy and me?
Grammar 2 3 Were already doing a lot
7.5 1 often 9.1 on Saturday.
Reading 2 well Vocabulary 2 4 In the morning, were
1 False 3 well going to the farmers
1 b
4 far market.
2 True 2 c
5 fast 5 Are you cooking a
3 True 3 a big dinner tomorrow
4 False 6 often 4 d afternoon?
5 True Grammar 4 5 b 6 Im making sandwiches for
a picnic with Johns family.
1 e
7.6 Vocabulary 3 7 Then do you have dinner
2 d 1 d plans?
Listening 3 b 2 b 8 Sandy and I are trying
1 Police officer: doughnuts; 4 f 3 b out the new restaurant
coffee; potato chips and 5 c downtown.
4 c
other snacks 6 a 5 a 9 Saturday evening were
2 Athlete: steak and eggs; going to a barbecue
pasta; lots of water Grammar 5 with some of Johns work
3 Business owner: fruit and 1 Do you know how to use
9.2 friends.
yogurt; green salad; fish our site? 10 What are you doing
Dialogue 2
and rice 2 Yes, I do know how to use Saturday night after the
1 b
4 Vegetarian: raw vegetables; your site. barbecue?
brown rice; almonds and 2 a
3 Do you know how to 11 After the barbecue, Im
other nuts 3 c taking a nap!
speak English?
4 And I also know how to 12 Then after that, were
Unit 8 speak French.
9.4 going dancing!
5 I know how to write good Grammar 2 13 Why dont you and Sandy
8.1 emails in English. come with us?
1 a are you doing / b Im
14 Thanks, but were singing
Vocabulary 2 watching
1 in a group
8.5 2 a is Tom having / b Hes
karaoke in a competition
Saturday night.
2 software eating
Reading 15 That sounds fun!
3 reports 3 a Is Samantha cleaning
1 False 16 We all need to get
4 type 4 a are they having together soon.
2 True
5 speak 5 a Are Joe and Kelley trying 17 I have an idea.
3 True
out
4 False 18 After karaoke, were going
Vocabulary 3 to the 24-hour coffee shop
5 True
1 social networking with some friends.
2 customers

192 Connected

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 192 13/03/2015 11:37


19 What are you and John 10.2 Miki That might be just the 4 legs
doing after you go beginning of my vacation. 5 shoulder
dancing? Dialogue 2 Alonso Oh, really? 6 foot
20 Were going to the 1 True
24-hour coffee shop to Miki Really. After that, I may
2 True Vocabulary 5
celebrate the new karaoke go backpacking with my
3 False cousinin Nepal. And that 1 back
champions of the city!
is a good vacation for me! 2 hands
9.5 10.4 3 teeth
10.5 4 stomach
Reading Grammar 2
5 nose
1 True 1 might visit Reading
6 feet
2 False 2 might not swim 1 True
3 False 3 may go 2 False 11.2
4 False 4 may ride 3 True
5 might not eat 4 False Dialogue 2
5 True
6 may not climb 5 False 1 No
9.6 2 Yes
Grammar 3 10.6 3 Yes
Listening Alonso I love adventure
1 Chinatown: taking a vacations. Camping. Hiking. Listening 11.4
walk through the city / Rock climbing. I may go on 1 Yes
watching the parade an adventure vacation this Grammar 2
2 Maybe
summer. 1 e
2 Music fest: local bands / 3 Yes
rock concert Miki Well, I may visit my 2 b
4 Maybe
3 Friends visit: going to grandparents in Japan this 3 d
summer. 5 Yes
farmers market / going to 4 f
a restaurant 6 No
Alonso Thats a good 5 a
4 Birthday party: playing vacationfor you. 7 Maybe
games / having cake and 8 No 6 c
Miki What do you mean for
ice cream
you? Grammar 3
Unit 11
Unit 10 Alonso Oh, nothing. I just like Tonya Daniel, you look terrible.
more excitement on my 11.1 Daniel I feel awful. I have a
vacations.
10.1 headache.
Miki Where might you go then Vocabulary 2
Tonya You cant work with a
Vocabulary 2 on this adventure vacation 1 c headache. You should take
1 a of yours? 2 c an aspirin.
2 c Alonso I may go to France. 3 a Daniel I have a stomachache,
3 a Miki To France? 4 d too.
4 b 5 a Tonya Thats no fun. You
Alonso Yes, I might spend
5 d a few days in Paris. Then I shouldnt eat lunch.
might go on a bike tour in
Vocabulary 3
Vocabulary 3 Daniel Ouch!
the south of France. I might 1 a
1 c go camping and hiking, too. 2 d Tonya Whats the matter?
2 d Miki It sounds fun. It doesnt 3 b Daniel I have pain in my
3 d sound very adventurous, 4 a backand ouch! I have a
4 a Alonso. But it may be a good pain in my legs, too.
5 d
5 b vacationfor you. Tonya You should go home
Alonso And visiting Vocabulary 4 and take a warm bath.
your grandparents is 1 head Daniel And look at my hands.
adventurous? 2 tooth Theyre red.
3 arm

Answer key 193

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 193 13/03/2015 11:37


Tonya Really? They dont look 3 walk Patti What? The book is due Unit 13
red. 4 iron today. Oh, and I have to
water the plants for my
Daniel Yes, they do. And they 5 bills
mother.
13.1
burn a little, too.
Vocabulary 3 Karl My mom! I have to buy Vocabulary 2
Tonya You should put them in
1 groceries groceries for my mom. 1 text
some cold water.
2 plants Patti We really have to do a lot, 2 turn on
Daniel Oh, no. Now I have a
3 library dont we? 3 die
sore throat.
4 pack Karl And I still have to finish 4 check
Tonya I have an idea. You
5 drive my homework. 5 turn off
shouldnt talk.
Patti Ouch! I do, too.
Daniel Very funny, Tonya. Im
serious. Is it cold in the
12.2 Karl Patti, theres another thing
Vocabulary 3
1 start
office? I think I have a fever, Dialogue 2 we have to do.
too. 2 answer
1 b Patti What?
3 finish
Tonya You should go to the 2 b Karl We have tonot go to 4 arrive
doctor right now.
3 a the concert.
5 email
Daniel Are you serious?
Patti Youre right. Were just too
Tonya Yes! If you have a 12.4 busy! 13.2
feveryoure contagious!
Grammar 2 Dialogue 2
12.5
11.5 1 has to 1 a 2 a 3 b
2 have to Reading
Reading 3 have to 1 Fiona 13.4
1 sensitive teeth 4 have to 2 Mike
2 foot odor Grammar 2
5 have to 3 Sam
3 allergies 1 c
6 a Do we have to water the 4 Mike
4 sensitive teeth plants? 2 b
5 Sam
5 foot odor 7 a What do you have to do 3 f
6 Fiona
6 allergies after school today? / b I 4 d
have to go to piano class.
12.6 5 a
11.6 8 a What does Joanne have 6 e
to do every morning? / b Listening
Listening She has to cook breakfast. Grammar 4
1 Taisha
1 Jean: has the flu / should Want to do: hang out with 1 looked
Grammar 3
be patient / should drink friends; go shopping at the 2 planned
tea with honey and lemon Karl We have to hurry. The
mall 3 finished
concert starts in one hour.
2 David: has a toothache Have to do: do homework; 4 arrived
/ should see a dentist Patti We have plenty of time. I clean the house
immediately / should just have to go home first. 5 played
2 Malik 6 five minutes ago
brush three times a day
Karl Why? We dont have time. Want to do: go to a
3 Marilyn: cant sleep /
should turn off the TV / Patti I have to take the dog for concert; visit friends in the Grammar 5
a walk. city 1 started
shouldnt text or do emails
in bed Have to do: talk to the 2 called
Karl Well, I have to go home,
neighbours; buy some cat
too. I have to iron a shirt for 3 texted
food
Unit 12 tomorrow. 4 emailed
3 Hugh
Patti Wait. I have to return a 5 turned off
12.1 library book, too.
Want to do: go for a drive
6 happened
with friends; bring boogie
Vocabulary 2 Karl Patti! board and fins 7 waited
1 get Have to do: clean the car; 8 tried
fill the tank 9 died
2 finish

194 Connected

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 194 13/03/2015 11:37


13.5 14.4 Unit 15 Grammar 5
Todd I love these new laptops.
Reading Grammar 2 15.1 Jen Theyre powerful. But my
1 True 1 was eating laptop is more powerful.
2 False 2 was taking Vocabulary 2
Todd Jen, dont be silly. Your
3 True 3 were driving 1 c
laptop isnt more powerful
4 was walking 2 c than this new one.
13.6 5 were buying 3 b
Jen Whatever.
6 were studying 4 d
Listening Todd Look at my smartphone,
5 c
1 b / b Jen. Its newer than yours.
Grammar 4
2 a / c 1 f Vocabulary 3 Jen So what?
3 c /a 2 d 1 d Todd Its more powerful than
3 a 2 a yours.just like the new
Unit 14 4 e 3 a laptops here are more
4 b powerful than yours, too.
5 c
14.1 5 c Jen Ha! Your smartphone is
6 b
heavier than mine.
Vocabulary 2
Grammar 5 Vocabulary 4 Todd No, it isnt. Its lighter and
1 a
1 was studying 1 powerful faster than yours.
2 d
2 was growing up 2 lighter Jen Mine has an e-reader,
3 c
3 was finishing 3 expensive Todd.
4 b
4 was living 4 cheaper Todd Mine does, too. And my
5 b
5 heavier e-reader is nicer than yours.
Vocabulary 3 14.5 Jen Youre crazy.
1 c
15.2
Reading Todd And your smartphone
2 b Dialogue 2 was more expensive than
1 False
3 a 1 True mine.
2 False
4 d 2 False Jen Wait. Is that really your
3 True
5 c 3 False new smartphone?
4 True
4 True Todd Yes, it is.
Vocabulary 4
1 c
14.6 Jen Toddyours isnt lighter
15.4 or faster or cheaper than
2 c Listening mine.
3 a 1 False Grammar 2
Todd Sure it is. What do you
4 c 2 False 1 smaller; lighter
mean?
5 a 3 True 2 bigger
Jen Look! We have the same
6 d 4 True 3 cheaper
smartphone!
5 False 4 better
14.2 5 wider
6 False 15.5
7 False 6 worse
Dialogue 2
8 True Reading
1 c Grammar 4
9 False 1 True
2 c 1 more exciting
2 False
3 a 2 more expensive
3 True
4 b 3 more powerful
4 False
4 more advanced
5 True
5 more convenient
6 False

Answer key 195

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 195 13/03/2015 11:37


15.6 Grammar 4 Toshi Lucy, why do you always Vocabulary 3
1 the most exciting like the most crowded 1 dress
Listening places in a town?
2 the most beautiful 2 boots
1 doesnt like 3 the most famous Lucy First look at these 3 jeans
2 lighter earrings. I bought them on
4 the most interesting 4 dark
River Street in Savannah.
3 drops a lot of calls 5 the most peaceful 5 shoes
Theyre the cutest youve
4 channels ever seen, arent they?
5 more expensive than Grammar 5 Vocabulary 4
Toshi Of coursethe cutest.
6 is Lucy Toshi, do you like my new 1 suit
sunglasses? Lucy Second, its not about the 2 light
7 tablet
crowds or the tourists, Toshi.
8 more complicated Toshi They look expensive. 3 pants
Its about
9 doesnt think Lucy Well, they arent. In fact, 4 comfortable
Toshi Wait. I knowits about
10 better theyre the cheapest I found. 5 plain
the shopping!
11 more games Toshi You certainly love to
Vocabulary 5
shop. Hey, didnt you go to
12 playing the game
the US last year?
16.5 1 loose
2 sneakers
Unit 16 Lucy Yes, I went to Savannah, Reading
Georgia. I had the best time 3 shorts
1 The Danakil Desert
16.1 there.
2 Barrow, Alaska
4 formal
Toshi Savannah? 5 shirt
3 Minnesota
Vocabulary 2
Lucy Yes, its on the coast 4 Atlanta
1 c
near Florida. And it has
17.2
5 Barrow, Alaska
2 b the sunniest beaches and
6 The Danakil Desert Dialogue 2
3 a the most beautiful historic
district. 1 No
4 c
16.6 2 No
5 a Toshi Sunny beaches are
3 Yes
always good. Listening
Vocabulary 3
1 b
1 b
Lucy It has the prettiest 17.4
squares downtown. Theyre 2 a
2 d like little plazas. And the 3 b Grammar 2
3 c oldest houses are on these
4 a 1 too
4 c squares.
5 a 2 very
5 a Toshi That sounds nice, but its
6 b 3 enough
probably the most boring
7 a 4 very
16.2 thing to do on a vacation!
What about restaurants? 8 a 5 enough
Dialogue 2 Lucy Well, the busiest street in 9 b 6 too
1 True town is along the river. 10 b
Grammar 4
2 True Toshi Is that the most exciting 11 a
1 pretty blue
3 False place in Savannah? 12 b
2 big purple
4 True Lucy Of course! The most
interesting shopping area in Unit 17 3 nice comfortable
16.4 town is on River Street. 4 big baggy

Toshi Hmmm. It sounds


17.1 5 tall black
Grammar 2 6 small formal
popular with the tourists.
1 the cloudiest Vocabulary 2
Lucy Its probably the most 1 tight
2 the best
popular place with the
3 the biggest 2 sweater
tourists in Savannah. The
4 the worst biggest and most expensive 3 socks
5 the oldest hotels are there along the 4 casual
6 the cheapest river, too. 5 jacket

196 Connected

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 196 13/03/2015 11:37


Grammar 5 3 b 18.5 4 to buy
Li Josh, please stop texting. I 4 b 5 to stay
need your help choosing a 5 b Reading 6 to become
dress. 6 a 1 True
Josh Why? Im not very good 2 False Grammar 3
with fashion. Unit 18 3 True Leo I love New Years day.
Li Dont be silly. Look at what 4 False Rosa Why?
youre wearing. 18.1 5 True Leo I always make a New Years
Josh Its not very special. Old resolution to improve my
Vocabulary 2
jeans and a shirt. 18.6 life.
1 graduated from
Li New dark blue jeans and a Rosa Whats your resolution
2 married Listening
light blue casual shirt. this year?
3 retired 1 b
Josh And dont forget my Leo Im going to study harder.
4 born 2 a
comfortable blue sneakers. Rosa Thats curious. Why are
5 degree 3 b
Li Exactly. Youre a smart, you going to study harder?
4 a
fashionable guy. Vocabulary 3 Leo Im going to study harder
5 b
Josh Yeah, right. I am a real 1 grew up to get better grades.
6 a
fashionista. So which do 2 spend Rosa You want better grades?
you like better? The long red
dress or the shorter green
3 college Unit 19 Leo Yes. I want better grades
4 kids to get an internship.
dress?
5 got 19.1 Rosa Why are you going to get
Li The long red dress looks
too formal. And its not very an internship?
comfortable.
18.2 Vocabulary 2
1 join Leo Im going to get an
Josh So you prefer the shorter Dialogue 2 internship to get experience
2 exercise
green dress? 1 b and to get a good job.
3 go
Li I like it, but its a little too 2 a Rosa That sounds complicated.
4 get
plain. Its not interesting 3 c Leo Well, it all starts with my
5 save
enough. New Years resolution.
Josh Really? Its not too plain 18.4 Vocabulary 3 Rosa To study harder?
at all. Its casual, and it looks 1 news
awesome on you. Grammar 2 Leo Exactly. And I always keep
2 yoga my resolutions.
Li Youre right. Im going to buy 1 so
3 take
this awesome casual green 2 because Rosa I dont like New Years
4 learn resolutions. I cant keep
dress right now. 3 so
5 grades them. But this year, I found
4 so the perfect resolution to
17.5 5 because 19.2 solve that problem.
6 because Leo Really? Whats your
Reading
Dialogue 2 resolution?
1 False Grammar 3 1 False
2 True 1 because Rosa Im not going to make a
2 False resolution.
3 True 2 so 3 True
4 False 3 because Leo But thats not a resolution.
4 False
5 False 4 because Rosa Yes, it is. My resolution is
6 True 5 so 19.4 not to make a resolution.
6 so
17.6 7 because
Grammar 2
1 to learn
Listening
2 to get
1 a
3 to meet
2 b

Answer key 197

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 197 13/03/2015 11:37


19.5 Unit 20 20.4 20.5
Reading 20.1 Grammar 2 Reading
1 False 1 will drive 1 NRDC
2 True Vocabulary 2 2 will use / wont use 2 Idle No More
3 True 1 b 3 will see 3 350.org
4 True 2 a 4 wont go / will shop 4 Idle No More
5 False 3 c 5 will be 5 NRDC
6 True 4 d 6 will replace 6 350.org
5 b
19.6 Grammar 3 20.6
Vocabulary 3 1 will not go / wont go
Listening 1 d 2 will take Listening
1 Andrews goal: improve 2 d 3 will be 1 scientists will discover a
health 3 c cure for cancer
4 will take
2 Andrews steps: started 4 c 2 other languages will
5 will continue
exercising to lose weight; disappear
5 b 6 ll recycle
stopped eating junk food 3 the melting ice caps
3 Sonias goal: be a fitness 7 will use will have serious
instructor or nutritionist
20.2 8 ll have consequences
4 Sonias steps: taking basic Dialogue 2 9 wont be 4 there will be more
English courses; taking 1 a 10 will become opportunities for women
a course in fitness and in the future
2 c 11 will be
nutrition
3 a 12 will rise
5 Steves goal: get a job at a
computer firm 13 wont send
6 Steves steps: taking a 14 ll use
computer course; going 15 ll look
to attend a seminar to
improve presentation skills

198 Connected

CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 198 13/03/2015 11:37


Acknowledgements Shelli Jensen, Karin Hildebrand Lau U10 p89 Fabio Lamanna,
The publishers wish to thank the following for permission to p90 Vilainecrevette, Nicram Sabod, YuryZap / Shutterstock.
reproduce images. Every effort has been made to trace copyright com, Xico Putini, V. J. Matthew, p91 FiledIMAGE / Shutterstock.
holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright com, DementevaJulia, Volodymyr Burdiak, paul prescott,
materials. The publishers will gladly receive any information bikeriderlondon, p9293 Galyna Andrushko, p95 BlueOrange
enabling them to rectify any error or omission at the first Studio, p96 Alexey Kamenskiy, Rob van Esch / Shutterstock.com,
opportunity. DeLoyd Huenink, upthebanner U11 p97 wavebreakmedia, p98
kenjii, PathDoc, yadom Am2 Antonio Battista, Maridav, p99 Piotr
Cover shutterstock.com/TAGSTOCK1
Wawrzyniuk, maximino, 9nong, tmcphotos, CandyBox Images,
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Images, Blend Images, merzzie, pics721, Rob Marmion, p10 Subbotina Anna, Rob Byron, Elena Schweitzer, p104 g-stockstudio,
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BONNINSTUDIO, p15 XiXinXing, p16 Djomas, Omer N Raja, U12 p108 Sergey Kamshylin, p109 GWImages, wavebreakmedia,
racorn U2 p17 BigLike Images, Paul Hakimata Photography, Rock and Wasp, Kzenon, Cheryl Savan, p110 Kzenon, Maximus Art,
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Kosmayer, violetblue, arfabita, Pete Pahham, wavebreakmedia, lzf, Sunny studio, william casey, p115 Paul Matthew Photography,
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orangephoto, bikeriderlondon, AVAVA, p20 Franck Boston, Monkey Maarbes, Nik Merkulov, Sergey Peterman, Pablo Eder, Kostsov,
Business Images, Eldad Carin, PathDoc, Borja Andreu, iodrakon, p119 bikeriderlondon, auremar, Marcos Mesa Sam Wordley, Iakov
racorn, Jinga, p21 Minerva Studio, beornbjorn, Andresr, racorn, Filimonov Erdal Bayhan, p120 lzf, p122 BassKwong U14 p125
PT Images p24 Syda Productions, p25 ESTUDI M6 U3 p27 Africa Monkey Business Images, p126 maradonna_8888, Rawpixel,
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Kzenon, KR MEDIA Productions, p29 Blaj Gabriel, SerbBgd, Stokkete, Pete Spiro, Morozova Oxana, Tom Wang, Solphoto Andresr, p132
Rob Marmion, ostill, Alenavlad, Andresr, p32 ermess, Natykach chuckstock, p133 Diego Cervo, ZouZou, Andy Dean Photography,
Nataliia, Sorbis, p33 Kiselev Andrey Valerevich, Fidel, arek_malang, Cheryl Savan U15 p135 Rawpixel, p136 Bloomua, Ldprod, Vladimir
Ljupco Smokovski U4 p35 everst, p36 bikeriderlondon, igor. Arndt, Monkey Business Images, mimagephotography, p137
stevanovic, behindlens, Rob Marmion, Brian A Jackson, spotmatik, Denys Prykhodov, Ollyy, Minerva Studio, maxuser, Minerva Studio,
S.Borisov, Dmitry Bruskov, DemianM, p37 Alan Bailey, varuna, Elena Peter Bernik, Nikola Spasenoski, leungchopan, John Kasawa, Feng
Elisseeva, AlexeiLogvinovich, Liv friis-larsen, wavebreakmedia, Yu, p140 Chamille White, p142 wavebreakmedia, Yeko Photo
Iakov Kalinin, Diego Cervo, Goodluz, Adam Gregor, Goodluz, p41 Studio, p143 Catherine Lall, SnowWhiteimages, Goodluz Lucky
J. McPhail / Shutterstock.com, p42 Bonita R. Cheshier, Olesya Business U16 p145 Galyna Andrushko, p146 Kevin Eaves, Lissandra
Feketa, EpicStockMedia, ueuaphoto U5 p43 Nebojsa Bobic, p44 Melo / Shutterstock.com, Richard Cavalleri / Shutterstock.com,
Bertrand Benoit, BlueSkyImage, CREATISTA, Anna_Lee, gnomeandi Rafael Ramirez Lee, Anton_Ivanov, p147 Orhan Cam, Francesco R.
/ Shutterstock.com, p45 Patrick Foto, Igor Zakowski, Kiselev Andrey Iacomino, James Michael Dorsey pisaphotography / Shutterstock.
Valerevich, Diego Cervo, Nejron Photo, Duncan Andison, Jason Stitt, com, Jess Kraft / Shutterstock.com, p150 Sean Pavone, p152 Pi-
JHershPhoto, p46 KieferPix, Everett Collection, CREATISTA, Kiselev Lens, Matej Hudovernik, O.V.D., Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com,
Andrey Valerevich, p50 NAR studio, p51 Elena Vasilchenko, Denis p153 Jeerawut Rityakul / Shutterstock.com, Jaggat Rashidi, Pius
Rozhnovsky, ita khorzhevska, BlueSkyImage U6 p52 Ysbrand Cosijn, Lee, JC Photo U17 p155 View Apart p156 Jaimie Duplass, Ysbrand
p53 Aija Lehtonen / Shutterstock.com, dpaint, Dmitriy_Tsyupa, Cosijn, BlueSkyImage bikeriderlondon, Cheryl Casey, 101imges,
DmitriMaruta, scyther5, Stokkete, Eugene Onischenko, p54 Pawel Nawrot Champion studio, Brian Mueller, Deviant, p157
Andresr, Pokomeda, Dimedrol68, parus77, KR MEDIA Productions, artjazz, CURAphotography, Brian Mueller, Grischa Georgiew, rui
Kzenon, Andrey Burmakin, p57 dwphotos, p58 Monkey Business vale souse, auremar, Matthew Ennis Samuel Borges Photography,
Images, Monkey Business Images, dean bertoncelj, p59 astudio AmmentorpPhotography, sitkrai55, p162 Edw, Kotin U18 p164
/ Shutterstock.com, Anton Gvozdikov, Ollyy l i g h t p o e t U7 Diego Cervo, p165 leungchopan, vichie81, Monkey Business
p61 Aoshi VN, p62 Vitaly Korovin, Liv friis-larsen, FomaA Ollyy, Images IgorGolovniov / Shutterstock.com, Rob Marmion, p166
threerocksimages, George Dolgikh, lunapiena, Andrey Eremin, Alberto Loyo, Monkey Business Images, bikeriderlondon, Angela
Jack.Q, Elena Veselova, p63 McCarthys PhotoWorks, Quanthem, Luchianiuc, michaeljung, p169 MaxyM p170 Monkey Business
B. and E. Dudzinscy, Brent Hofacker, Tim UR, p66 monticello, p68 Images, p171 Ammentorp Photography U19 p172 lzf, p173
lauraslens, p69 Lisa F. Young, Peter Bernik michaeljung, Maridav U8 Artem Samokhvalov, Phil Date, Gts Goodluz, Blend Images, Diego
p71 LoloStock, p72 EDHAR, Denys Prykhodov, Nonwarit, NorGal Cervo, Robert Kneschke, s-ts, Monkey Business Images Jekap175
wavebreakmedia p73 JaysonPhotography / Shutterstock.com, Halfpoint, p177 ruigsantos, p178 michaeljung michaeljung,
Monkey Business Images, connel, Creativa Images Anita Ponne, Pressmaster U20 p180 Darren Baker, p181 bikeriderlondon,
p76 wavebreakmedia p78 (all) Ollyy U9 p80 XiXinXing, p81 PremiumVector, auremar, Carlos Caetano, Amy Johansson, p182
Zygotehaasnobrain, Egor Tetiushev, Photographee.eu, Eugenio Rakic, photosync, sdecoret Syda Productions spwidoff, p185
Marongiu, Kzenon, p82 bikeriderlondon, sunabesyou, sunlover, Loskutnikov, p186 somchaij, p187 l i g h t p o e t, auremar, Lisa F.
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CONNECTED_SB_A2_Elementary_pp001-200.indb 200 13/03/2015 11:37