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ersonn l L i ft i n g

ste s

Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, IDerricks, Hoists,

Hooks, [acks, and Slings

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD


Date of lssuance: January 25, 2006

The next edition of this Standard is scheduled for publication in 2 0 1 0 . There will be no addenda

issued to this edition.

ASME issues written replies to i n q u i r i e s c o n c e r n i n g interpretations of t e c h n i c a l aspects of this

Standard. lnterpretations are pub\ished on the ASME Web site under the Committee Pages at http://

www.asme.org/codes/ as they are issued, and are also published within this edition of the Standard.

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for American National

Standards The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard was balanced to ensure that individuals from

competen! and concerned interests have had an opportunity to participate Toe proposed code or standard was made

available far public review and comment that provides an opportunity far additional public input from lndustry, academia,

regulatory agencies, and the publlc-at-large

ASME does not ..approve," "rete," or .. endorse" any item, construclion. proprietary device, or activity

ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any

items mentioned in this document. and does not undertake to insure anyone utilizing a standard against liability for

infringement of any applicable letters petent. nor assume any such liability Users of a code or standard are expressly

advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the rtsk of infringement of such rights, is

entirely their own responsibility.

Participation by federal agency representatlve(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to be interpreted as

government or industry endorsement of this cede or standard

ASME accepts responsibility far only those interpretations of this document issued in accordance with the established

ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance of interpretations by individuals

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,

in an electronic retrleva! system or otherwise.

without the prior written permission of the publisher

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 100165990

Copyright 2006 by

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS

Al\ rights reserved

Printed ln U S.A
CONTENTS

Foreword. iv

Committee Roster V

lntrociuction vii

Summary of Changes X

(hapter 230 Scope, Definltions, and References

Section 23-0. 1 Scope of 830 23 .

Section 23-0 2 lntent of 830 23 , 1

Section 23-0 3 Definitions 1

Section 23-0 4 References 2

Chapter 23-1 Constructlon and Characteristics 3

Section 23- 1 1 Design 3

Section 23- 1 . 2 Construction 5

Chapter 232 lnspection, Testing, and Maintenance 6

Section 23-2J lnspection 6

Section 23-2,2 Testing 6

Section 23-2 3 Maintenance 7

Chapter 23-3 Operation .. 8

Section 23-3 1 Personnel 8

Section 23-3 2 Practices 9

Mandatory Appendices

I Lifting Personnel Near Electrical Power lines 13

II Personnel Platform lift Planning and Authorization Form 18

Ill Personnel Lift Platform Pre-Lift lnspection 19


FOREWORD

This American National Standard, Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks, Hoists,

Hooks, Jacks, and Slings, has becn developed under the procedurcs accreditcd by the Amer lcnn

National Standards Institute (formerly the United States of Arner ica Standards Institute) This

Standard had its beginning in December 1 9 1 6 when an cight-page Code of Safcty Standards for

Cranes, prepared by an ASME Cornrnittee en the Protection of Industrial Workers, was presentcd

to the annual meeting of the ASME

Meengs and discussions regarding safety on cranes, dcrricks, and hoists werc held from 1920

to 1925, involving the ASME Safety Code Correlating Committee, the Association of Iron and

Steel Electtical Engineers, the Arner ican Museum of Safety, the American Engineering Standards

Committee (later changed to American Standards Association and subsequently to the USA

Standards Institute), Department of Labor - State of New Jersey, Dcpartment of Labor and

Industry - State of Pennsylvania. and the Locomotive Crane Manufacturers Association On

June 1 1 , 1925, the American Engineering Standards Cornmittee approved the ASME Safety Code

Correlating Committee's recornmendation and authorized the project with the U S Departrnent

of the Navy, Bureau of Yards and Docks, and ASME as sponsors

In Match 1926, invitations were issued to 50 organizations to appoint representauves to a

Sectional Cornmittee The cail for organization of this Sectional Committee was sent out October

2, 1926, and the cornmittee organizcd November 4, 1926, with 57 members rcpresenting 29 national

organizations The Safety Code for Cranes, Derricks, and l-loists. AS A 830 2-19...J:3, was crea ted

fr orn the eight-page document referred to n


i the fi rst paragraph This document was reaffirrned

in 1952 and widely accepted a s a safety st a nd a rd

Dueto changes in d esign, advancernent in techniques, and g eneral interest of lab or and in dustry

n safety, the Sectional Committee, under


i he
t joint sponsorship of A SME and th e Nava l Fac ilities

Engineering Command, U S Depar t ment of the Navy, was reorganized a san A m e ric e n Nati onal

Standards Comm it t ee on Ja n uary 31, 1962, w it h 39 members representing 27 n ati on a l organiza

tions

The f ormat of the previous code was c hanged so that separate v o l urnes ( each complete as to

construction a nd i nstallaton: inspection, testing, and rnaintenance: and operation) would cov er

the different types of equipment i n cluded in the scope of 830

In 1982, the Committee was reorganized a s a n Accredited Organization Committee, operating

under procedures developed by ASME and accredited by the Arnerican Nationa l Standards

Institute

This Stan d ard presents a coordinated set of rules that may serve as a guide to govcrnment

and other regulatory bodies and municipal authorites responsible far the guarding and inspection

of the equi p ment falling within its scope The suggestion s leading to accident prevention are

given both as mandatory and advisory provisions; compliance with both types n1ay be r equired

by employers of their employees

In case of p ractica! difficulties, new dcvelopments, or unnecessary hardship, the ndministrative

or regulatory authority may grant variances from the literal requirements or permit the use of

other devices or methods but only \.Vhen it is clearly evident that an equivale n t degree of protection

is thereby secured TO secure uniform application and interpretation of this Standard, administra

tive or regulatory authoritie s are urged to consult the 830 Committee, in accordance with the

format described in Section III, before rendering decisions on disputed points

This volun1e of the Standard , \.\1hich ,vas approved by the 830 Corrlmittee and A S ME, \.Vas

approved by ANSI and d esignated a s a n American Nationa! Standard on Dece111ber 13, 2005

Safety codes and standar ds are in tended to enhance public safety Re\'isions result fron1 con1rnit

tee consi d eration of factors, such as technological ad vanees, ne\v data, and chanp;ing environmen

tal and industry needs Revisions do not imply lhat previous editions \.Vere inadequate
ASMIE B30 STANDARDS COMMITTIEIE

Safety Standards for Cableways, Cranes, errlcks,

Holsts, Hooks, [acks, and Sllngs

(The foHowing is the roster of the Commiltee at the time of approval of this Standard)

STANDARDS COMMITTEE OFFICERS

P. S. Zorich, Chair

B. D. Closson, Vice Chair

J. O. Wendler, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITTEE PERSONNEL

N E, Andrew, Northrup Grumman Ship Systems P. A Boeckman, A/ternate, The Crosby Group

W T. Hargrove, Alterna/e, Mantech lnternationa! Corp E. K. Marburg, Co[umbus McKinnon Corp

R. E Bluff, Gantry Constructors, lnc M. G. Mlller, Alternate, Columbus McKinnon Corp

L D. Means, Means Engineering and Consulting/Wire Rape


R. J" Balen, Consu!tant

G. B. Hetherston, Alternate, E 1 Dupont Technica! Board

A. D. Brown, A D Brown, tnc D. M. Sleightholm, Alternate, Bridon American Corp

O. Ritchle, Alternate, The Construction Safety Councll IC J. Miller, Jacobs Engineering

T. A. Christensen, Liberty Mutual !nsurance/A!liance of American D. W. Smith, Alternote, Chicago Bridge and lron Co

lnsurers G, L Owens, Granite Construction. tnc

M. W. Milis, Alternate, liberty Mutual Group J. T. Perklns, lngersollRand

B. o. Closson, Craft Forensic Servlces. tnc H. G, leidich, Alternote, lngersolt-Rand

T. L Blanton, Alternate, NACB Group. lnc J, E. Richardson, U 5 Department of the Navy

S. Cloutier, U 5 Oepartment of Labor W. P. Rollins, Manitowoc Crane Group

J. P. Colletti, John P. Colletti & Associates. tnc M Brunet, Alternote, Manitowoc Crane Group

R. M. Lovgren, Alternate, Crane Partner lnternational J, W. Rowland 111, Consultan!

R. A. Oahlin, Walker Magnetics Group E. E. Rudy, U S Department of the Army

J. W. Downs, Jr., Alternote, Downs Crane and Hoist Co J C. Ryan, BOH Sras Construction

L D. Demark, !nternational Union of Operating Engineers A. R. Ruud, Alternate, Atkinson Construction

S. C. Buck, A/ternate. lnternationa! Union of Operating Engineers D. Sayenga, Associated Wire Rape Fabrlcators

D. W, Eckstine, Eckstine & Associates D. J. Bishop, Alternote, Bishop Ufting Products, lnc

R. J. Edwards, Schwing America G. W. Shlelds, Caterpillar, lnc

R. H Fowler, U S Department of the Air Force W J, Smith, Jr., Maxim Crane Works

J. L Franks, Consultant R. G. Straln, Advanced Automation Associates. tnc

R, C. Slater, Alternate, McKay lnternationa! Engineering J. B. Hamill, Alternote, Advanced Automation Associates, !ne

J L Gordon, Acco Chain and Ufting Products A, R, Toth, Morris Material Handling

N. C. Hargreaves, Terex Corp /Power Crane & Shcvel Association B. E. Weir, Jr., Norris Brothers Co , lnc /National Erectors

E. D, Fldler, Alternare, Grave Wor!dwide Association

J. J, Headley, Crane !nstitute of Ame rica J. Conant, Alternate, Conant Crane Renta! Co

R . M . Parnell, Alternate, Industrial Training lnternational J. D. Wendler, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers

C. W. lreland, National OilweH R C. Wild, U 5 Army Cor ps of Engineers

A. J. Egging, Alternate, National Oilwel! S, G, Testerman, Alternate, U S Army Corps of Engineers

L S. Johnson, American Equipment Co D. N. Wolff, National Crane Corp

E. P. Vllet, Alternote, Nichols Construction Co A. L (alta, Alternate, Natlonal Crane Corp

R. M. Kohner, Landmark Engineering Services P. S, Zorlch, RZP lnternational Ltd

H, l. Shapiro, Alternote, Specia!ized Carriers and Rigging

Association/Howard I Shapiro & Associates

C. E. tucas, The Crosby Group

V
HONORARY MEMBERS

J. M Klibert, Lift-AH C o . lnc

R. W. Parry, Consultant

830.23 SUBCOMMIITEE PERSONNEL

8, D Closson, Chair, Craft Forensic Servlces lnc K. J. Miller, Jacobs Engineering

A. D. Brown, A D Brown, lnc


B E Weir, Ir., Norris Brothers C o , lnc /National Erectors

T. A. Chrlstensen, Libertv Mutual lnsurance/Al!iance of American Association

lnsurers , N. Wolff, National Crane Corp

H, B. Hayden, Hayden Enterprises

\ i
SAFETV STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS, HOISTS,

HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

830 STANDARD INTRODUCTION (05)

SECTION 1: SCOPE 830 23 Personnel L ifting Systems


1
830 24 Container Cranes
The ASivlE 1330 S t a n d a r d contnins provisions that
830 25 Scrap and Material Handlers
apply to the construction, inslallation, opera tion, inspec
830 26 Rigging Hardware
tion, tcsting, malntcnancc, and use of cranes and othcr
83 0 27 Material Placement srstems
lifling and mator ial-handling related equipment For the
810 28 Balance Lifting Units
conveniencc of thc reader, the Standard has been divided

into scpamtc volumcs Each volurne has bcen written


SECTION 11: SCOPE EXCLUSIONS
under the dircction of the ASME 830 Standards Commit

tee and has successfully completed a consensusapproval The 830 Standard does nol apply to track and autorno

process undcr the general auspices of the Arner ican tive jacks, railway or automobtlc wrccking cranes. ship

National Standards lnstitute (ANSI) board cranes, s h i p b o a r d cargo-handling equ i p rn e n t .

As of the date of issuance of this Volume, lhe 610 w e l l - d r i l l i n g d e r r i c k s , sk i p hoists, mine ho ist s , h uck

Standard comprises thc following vclumes: body hoists, car or ba r ge pullcrs, conveyors, excavating

e qu ip me n t, or equipment covered und e r the scope of


810 1 [acks
the fo ll o w in g standards: A 1 0 , A 17, A90, A92, i\ 120, 820,
Overhead and Cnntr y Cranes (Top Running
830 2
856, and 877
Bridge, Single 01 Multiple Girder, Top Run

ning Trolley Hoist)

830 3 Construction Tbwer Cranes SECTION 111: PlJRPOSE

830 .J Portal, Tower. and Pedestal Cranes


The 830 Standard is intended to
8305 Mobile and Locomotivc Cranes
(n) prevent or minirnize injury to workcrs. and other
830 6 Dei ricks
wise provide for the protection of life, limb, and proper ty

B,O 7 Base Mounted 01 um I-loists


by prescribing safety requirements
1330 S F l oating Crancs and Floating Dcrricks
({) pr ovidc d i r e c t i o n to m a n u f a c t u r e r s , o wnc r s,
830 9 Slings
emplovers. users, and others concerned with or 1espon
830 10 Hooks
sible for its application
B.30 11 Monorails and Underhung Cranes
) guide gover nments and other regu!atory bodics
830 1 2 Handling Loads Suspended Frorn Rotorcraft
in the development, promulgation, and enforcemenl of
83011 Stor age /Retricval (S/R) Machines and Asso
appropriate safety directives
ciated Equipment

810 1-1 Side Boom Tractors


SECTION IV: USE BY REGULATORY AGENCIES
830 15 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes

(NOTE: 830 1 5 - 1 9 7 3 has been w i thdrnwn This S ta nd a rd may be a do p ted in \.Vhole or in part

The revision of 830 1 5 is includcd in the for go v e r nm e ntal or r e gul at or y use If a do pte d far gov

latest edition of 830 5) c rn n1e n ta l use, the references to othcr n at ion a l codes

830 16 Overhead Hoists (Under hung) and stan d a rd s in the specific volumes mr1y be chr1nged

830 17 Ovcrhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running to refer to the corresponding r e gula t i on s of the govcrn

Bridge, Single Cir der. Underhung Hoist) m en ta l a u t hori t i e s

810 18 Stacker Cr anes (Top or Under Running

Bridge, Multiple Girder With Top or Undcr


SECTION V: EFFECTIVE DATE
Running Trolley Hoist)

830 19 Cableways (a) Effective Dale The effective date of this Volume of

830 20 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices the 1330 Standard shall be onc year after its date of

B.30 21 Manually Lever Operated Hoists


1
l hcsc volun1es ,uc corrently in de\ c!11p1nenl
830 22 A r ti culatin g Boom Cranes

vii
ssuance Construction, installation, inspection, testing,
SECTION IX: REQUESTS FOR INTERPRETATION
maintenance, and operation of equipment manufactured

The 830 St andards Commi ttee will render an in terpre


and facilities constructed after the effective date of this

ta t i o n of the p ro v i s i o n s of th e 83 0 Stand ard Su ch


Standard shall conform to the mandatory requirements

of this Standard
requests should be directed to:

Sec,etar y of the 830 C omm i tt ee, A S ME , Ihree Park


(b) Exst111g l11stallatio11s Equipment manufactured

Avenue, New Ymk, NY 10016-5990


and facilities constructed prior to the effcctive date of

this Volume of the 830 Standard shall be subject to the


1he re quests should be in the foll o w i n g forma l :

inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation require

Vol u me: Cite the des igna t i on and ti t l e of t he volume


ments of this Standard after the effective date

It is not the intent of this Volurne of the 830 Standard


Edition: Ci te the a p p lic a b l e e d i tion of the volume

to require retrofitting of e x is t in g cquipment However,

Subject: Cite the applicable paragr a p h numberrs)


when an item is being modified, its pe r form a nce require

ments sh a ll be reviewed rel a t iv e to the requirernents and the relcvant i


he a d n g ( s )

w i l h i n the current volume The need to meet the c u rr e n t

Question: Phrase the question as a request for an inter


requirernents shall be e va luated by a q u a li fied person
p r e t a ti on of a spe cifi c p r o vis i n su itab l e for
selccled by the o w ner (user) Recommended changes
g eneral unde rstanding a nd use, no tas a
sh a ll be made by the owner (user) withn 1 year
request for approval of a prop ri et a ry design

or s it u ati on P la n s or drawings t ha t explain

SECTION VI: REQUIREMENTS ANO the question ma y be su b mi tte d to clati f y the

RECOMMENDATIONS question Howev er, they should not contain

any p r op ri e ta r y names or information

Requirements of this Standard are c harac l er iz e d by

use of the wcrd shnl! Recommendations of this Standard Upan receipt by the Secretary, the request wi ll be

are c haracter iz ed by the word stund forwarded to the relevant 830 S u bc ommitte e for a draft

response, vvhich will then be subject to approval by the

830 Standards C ommittee prior to its formal issuance

SECTION VII: USE OF MEASUREMENT UNITS


Interpretations to the 83 0 Standard w ill be published

(
This Standard contains SI (mctric) un i t s as well as in the subsequcnt edition of the respective volume and

U S Customary units The values stated in c us t om a r y w i l l be ava i l a b le online at http:/ /cstools asrne org

un i ts are to be regarded as the standar d Th e SI un it s

are a d i rect (soft) conversion from the custornary uni ts

SECTION X: ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE

The e q uipment covercd by the 830 Standard is subject


SECTION VIII: REQUESTS FOR REVISION
to ha z ards that c annot be abated by mec h anica l means,

The 830 S ta n d ar ds Committee will consider requests


but onl y by the exercise of intelli g ence, care, and com

for revision of any of thc volumes within th e


mon sense It is therefore essential to have personnel

830 St a nda r d Such requests should be dir e ct e d lo:


in\ohed in the use and operation of equipment who

Secretary of the 830 Committee, A S M E, Three Patk


are competent, careful, ph ysically and mentall y quali

Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990


fied, an d t r ained in the proper operation of the equip

The requests shoul d be in the fol l o w n i g fo , ma t:


n1ent and the h a n d l i n g of loads Serious hazards include,

but a re not limited to, in1proper or inad e quate mainte


Volume: Cite the des ignation and tit l e of the volume
nance, ove!loading, dmpping m s li pp i n g of the load,

E d i t i on : Cite the i
appl c a ble i i
ed t on of the v o l u me
obs tru cti ng the fre e p assage of the load, and us n i g equip

n1ent for a p ur pose for vvhich it was not intended or


j
Sub ect : Cite the app li c a b l e paragr aph numberts)
designed
and the relevant he ading(s)
T h e 83 0 S tandards Comn1ittee fully re alizes the

Request: I nd i c a te the sug gested re v i s i n importance of prope r d esign f actors, minimum or maxi

mum d n i 1ensions, and othe r l im iJi n g criteria of wire


Ra t i on a le : S tate the ra tionale for the suggested
rop e or chain and th ci r f astenings, sh eaves, sprockets,
re v is i on
drums , and simil ar e q u i pment co vered by the stand a rd,

Upan reccipt by the S ecrctary, the requ est will be a ll of \Vhich a re closel y c o nn ect ed ,vith safety Si zes,

Ior warded to th e relevant 830 Subccmmittee for co nsid str cngths, and si n1 i l a r c r i t c r i a ar e depe ndenl on many

eraton and action Co rrespondence w i l l be pr o vi ded to different f actors, often v a ry in g ,vith th e ins ta!Jat ion and

the requester de fin ing the a c tion s un dc r taken by the


us es Thesc fc1 c t o r s d epend on the condition of the

830 S ta n da r d s Cornmttee eq u i pn 1 ent or n1 ate r ia l ; on the loads; on the a cc e l e r a tio n

\' i
or speed of the ropes, chains, sheavcs, sprockets, or n1any variables that must be considered in each individ

drums; on the type of attachments; on the number, size, ual case The rcquirements and rccornmendations pro

and arrangernent of sheaves or other parts; on enviren vided in the volurnes rnust be interpreted accordingly,

mental conditions causing corrosion or wear: and on and judgment used in deterrnining their application

ix
(

ASME 8 3 0 . 2 3 - 2 0 0 5

SUMMARY OF CHANGES

F o l l o w n g approval by the A S M E 830 C o m m t t e e a n d A S M E , and after publc review,

ASME 830 23-2005 was approved by the American Natonal Standards lnsttute on December

13, 2005

ASME 830 23-2005 ncludes the followng changes dentfed by a margn note, (05)

Pnge Lccatiou Change

vii-ix 830 Standard lntroducton Revised in its entirety

1, 2 Secton 23-0 1 Revsed

Secton 23-0 2 Revised

Section 23-0 3 (1) ground ,rew added

(2) qunlificd pe, sa11 revised

(3) sliackle, safet1 type deleted

3 2 3 - 1 1 J(a)(l)(b) Revised

4 23-l l 1(b)(7) First paragraph revised

2 3 - 1 1 l(b)(IO)(d) Revised

23-1 1 l(b)(lO)(i) Revised

5 23-1 1 2(b) Revised

23-1 2 2(a) Revised

6 23-2 1.2 Revsed

23-2.2 l(a)(2) Revsed

7 23-2 2 l(c) Revised

23-2 2 2(a) Revised

9 23-3 1 3(a) Revised

10 23-3 2 1(j)(7) Added

11 23-3 2 2(a)(18) Revised

23-3 2 2(a)(25) Added

12 23-3 2 5(a) Revsed

23-3 2 S(h) Added

SPECIAL NOTE:

The interpretations to ASME 830 21 are included in this edition as a seprate section for the

user's convenience
ASME 030 23-2005

PERSONNIEl l i fT I N G SYSTEMS

Chapter 23-0

Scope, Defnltlons, and References

(05) SECTION 23-0.1: SCOPE OF 630.23 boom: a hinged structural member of hois ti n g equipment

used for su p porting the hoisting tackle and load


Within the general scope defined in Section 1,

ASME B30 23 may a p p l y to h o i s t i n g and accessory brake: a device used for retarding or stopping motion

e q u i p m e n t covered w t h i n cer t a i n v o l u m e s of the brnke, mnoinotic: a device that retards or stops motion,

ASME B30 Standard, which is used to lift, lower, hold, without actuation by the operator, when specific equip

or transport personncl in a platform, by wire rope or


ment operational parameters are met

chain, from hoist equiprnent, or by a platform that is


certified zuelder: a person holding a current certifica te, for
rnounted on a boom of thc hoist equipment The lifting
the type of weld being applied, as proof that qualified
of personnel is not allowed using sorne ASME B30 Stan
test welds have b een performed and passed in nccor
dard equipment The ASME B30 vol u me addressing the
dance with the American Welding Society or A merican
hoisting equipment to be used shall be consulted far
Society of Mechanical Engineers criteria
the applicability of the ASME B30 23 vol u me

design factor; the ratio of the ultima te strength of a mate

rial to its working (u n it) stress, unless deflned otherwise


(05) SECTION 230.2: INTENT OF 630.23
in the text of this volurne, for specific applications
This vol u me establishes the design cr iteria, equipment
designated perso11; a person who is selected or assigned
characteristics, and operational procedures which are
by the ernployer or employer's representative as being
required when material handling equipmcnt, as defined
competent to perform specific dut i es
by the AS ME B30 St andard, is used to lift personnel

H oi s tin g equipment a s d efined by the A SME B.30 Stan gro1111d cre1u; those ind i v i du a ls who are nvolved i n the

dard is i ntended for materi a l handling lt is not des igned, p ersonnel lift, other than the hoisting e q uipmen t opera

ma nu fac t u r e d , or i ntended o
t meet the standards for tor and platform occupants These ind i v i dua l s i n c lude

pe rsonnel handlin g equipment, such as AN S I/ S I A A92 riggers, signa! persons, a nd supervision

(Ae ria l Pl atforms) The equipment and implementation


lumdmil. a mernber supported on brackets to furnish
requirements listed in this volume are not the sanie a s
support to p latform occupants during lifting operations
t hat established for using eq uipment specifically
!toisting enuipmcnt: a m a c h i n e for lifting and Iowering a
desi gned a nd manufactured for lifting personnel
l oad and moving it horizontaJly The machine may be
H oi s ting e q u i p m e nt com p l y ing with the A SM E B30
fixed or mobile and be d riven manually, by power, or
St andards s hall not be used to lift or lower pe rsonnel
by a combination of both A s used in this v olume, the
unless it is not p ossible to accomplish the task by a ess
l

term covers l
a i types of lifting machines addressed by
hazardous means The li ftin g or lowering of personnel
the ASME B.30 Standard vol u mes and used to lift, lower,
using A SME B30-compliant hoisting equipment is p ro
or h anspor t personnel
hibi ted unless ali applicable requrements of this v ol u me

have be en me t intennediate uiii: the middle member of a barrier alon g

the edges of a p latform, located approximately one-half

(05) SEUION 230.3: DEFINITIONS the distance between the platform floor and top ra il

a11ti-lt110-b!ock deuice a device that, when a c t iva t ed , discn Itch, hook: a device used to bridge or clase the throat

gag es al i hoi s tin g equipment functions whose move


opening of a hook for the p urpose of preventing attach

ments from being d islodged


ment can cause two-blocking

ounctnnent 10111t(s): the places) on a boom ora personnel lifli11g, pe1so1111cl r ai s i n g , lowering, or tr a nspo rt ing per

pla tfo r m that is used t o connect cithei the platfor rn to sonnel using hoisting equipment c ove re d b y th e

the boom or to a sus pcn sio n systcm ASME B,O S tandard


ASME 830 23-2005
PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS

lioe boo111. a boom whose lowering is controlled by a shculd. ths word indicares that the r e quir ement is a

b r a k e w i t h o u t the aid of other lowering r e t a r d i n g recommendation T he advisability of the recommenda

devices (free-fall capable)


tion depends on the facts in each s i t u a t i on

lnie load line a load line whose lowering is controlled


sialnizer: an extendable or f xed member atta ched o the
t

by a brake without the aid of other lowering retarding


moun ti ng base that, when p r operl y deployed, increases
devices (free-fall capable)
the stability of the hoist e q u i pm e nt Stabiliz ers may or

load, uued capacity or rating established by the manufac may not have the capability of r elieving a l i of the weight

turer or a qualified person far a s t i p u l a t e d hoisting from the hoist equipment wheels or tracks

equipment configuration
suspension s1sle111: the rape or chain slings and other
load, workmg the externa! load applied to the hoisting
components, includin g fastening devices, uscd to con
equipment, including the personnel lifting platform, its
nect the hoisting equip m ent to the personnel platform
contents, and the load-attaching equipment, such as
tclescop111g boom a boom in which one or more boom
lower load block, shackles, and slings
sections are telescoped for additional length
load 1nti11gs: a set of rated loads for stipulated hoisting

equipment configurations and operating conditions loe boan a vertical bar r ier at floor leve! along thc edges

of a platform to protect against material from falling


11011desf 1 uciioc test (NO T )- visual inspection coupled with
over the edge
any one of the following techniques: radiographic, n1ag

netic particle, liquid die penetrant, or ultrasonic top uui the top member of a ba1 r i e r a long the edges of

occupant, plntfonu: a person who is within the guardrail a platform to protect against persons from falling off

barrier while the personnel platform is in a hoisted the platform

position
!11ruel. the function of the hoisting equipn1ent moving

01111 igge, s: extendable or fixed members attached to the under its own pov.'er from one location to another

mounting base, which rest on supports at the outer ends,


tzuo-blocki11g: the condition in which the lower load block
used to support the hoisting equipment
or hook assemb!y comes in contact with the upper load
plntfon11, pe1son11el-boo111 attnched: pla tf or m attached to
block or boom point shcave c1ssembly
the boom of the hoist equipment

platfor111, pet sonnel - suspended platforrn a tt a c he d to

hoisting equipment using wire rape, chain, or jointed SECTION 23-0.4: REFERENCES

attachment and that has no installed motion controls

T he follovving is a Jis t of publica t ions referenced in


for the platfor m itself
this volume:
platfonn, uuing: the mximum capacity of a personnel

lifting platform, established by the platform manufac AISC Specification far Structural joints Using

turer, in terms of we i gh t and numbe r of occup a n t s ASTM A 325 or A 490 Bolts

allowable
Publisher: An1erican Institute ofSteel Construction, I n c ,

pou1e1 controlled lotuet ing: a system or dev ice in the power 1 East Wacker Orive, Chicago, Il 60601-2001

train, other than the load hoist brake, that can regulate
ASME 8309-1990 , Slings
the lowering rate of speed of the load hoist mechanisrn

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII,


qunlifed person: a person who, by possession of a recog
Division 1, Rules for Construction of Pressure
nized degree in an applicable field or certifica te of pro
Vessels, 1992
fessional stand ing or by extensive knowledge, training,

and experience, has successfully demonstrated the abil Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical

ity to salve or resolve problems relating to the subject Engineers (ASME), Three Park Avenue, New York,

mattcr and work NY 10016-5990; Order Ocpartment: 22 law Ori v e,

P.O Box 2300, Fair field, NJ 07007-2300


rape: refers to wire rape unless otherwise specified

1111H.un1r an assembly of r ails , bearns, girders, brackets, AWS 01 1 - 1 9 9 2 , S t r u c t u r a l W c l d i n g C o d e - Steel

concrete, and framework that provides a stable travel (Section 5, Parts C and O)

surface, within 1 (X) of leve!, at any posi ti on of travel


Publisher: T h e A m e r i c a n Welding Society (AWS),
and that is capable of safely suppor ti n g the hoisting
550 NW Le Jeune Road, Miami , Fl 3.3126
e q u i pme n t in he
t ope ra tional con figu r at ion and with

the o p e r a tion a l loads Federal Specification RR-C-271 O

snall: thi s word indicares that the requtrernent s


i manda Publisher: U S Government Printing O f f ice,

t ory and mus t be followed Washington, O C 20-!02

2
PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS ASME 830 23-2005

Chapter 2 3 - 1

Construction and Characteristlcs

SECTION 2 3 - 1 . 1 : DESIGN of /1 and [: shall not be less than 1 10 and 1 25, respec

tively The value of [: shall be verified as adequate by

23-1.1.1 Personnel Lifting Platform the manufacturer of the hoisting equipment on whch

the platform is intended to be used


(a) Des1g11 fnL/01
(b) Feat ures Platforms and suspension systems shall
(1) Suspended Plntfm 11,s
be designed to minimize hazards to the occupants The
(a) The suspended platform shall have a rruru
following items shall be the minimum design require
mum design factor of five, based on the stated platform
ments far a platform:
rating Each !oad-supporting component shall have a
(1) A mnimum platform rating of 300 lb (136 kg)
mnimum design factor of five based on the maximum
(2) Guardrail protection consisting of a top ral,
intended resultant stress in that component
intermediate rail, toe board, and lower bar rier The top
(05) (b) The suspended platform suspension system
rail shall be not less than 39 in (990 mm) nor more than
shall have l rn i n i m u m design factor based on the rnaxi
45 in (1140 mm) in height with respect to the platform
mum intended resultant stress in the suspension system
loor The toe board shall be around the entire periphery
during use and guided by the following:
of the platform and a mnimum of 3 5 in (90 mm) in
(1) one-lcg systcm - design factor of seven
height from the top of the platform floor The lower
(2) two or more leg systern - design factor of
barrier shall span the distancc between the toe board
five for each leg with only two legs under stress
and intermediate rail and be of solid construction or
12! 800111 Aacued Platfnr111s
expanded metal having no opening that ,,..1ould allov,, a
(n) The load-supporting structural components
O 5 in (13 mm) sphere to pass through Each top rail,
of the platform shall havo a minimun1 design factor
intern1ediale rail, and lo,ver barrier shall be capable of
of two based on the mnimum yield strcngth of the
withstanding a concentrated load of .300 lb (1.35 kg)
material
applied at any point in an outvvard or d\.Vnvvard direc
(b) The load-supporting structural componenls
tion without reaching lhe yie!d point of the material A
of the platform that are made of nonductile material,
salid barrier from the top rail to the loor s permissible,
which w i l l not deform plastically befare breaking, shall
provided the top rail height and ba1rier structural com
have a mnimum design factor of five based on the
petence n1eet the requirements of this paragraph
m n i m u m ultimale strength of the rnaterials used
(3) Anchorage points within the platfor m o r on the
(e) The stress used in determining the design fac
boom tip These points shall be suitable for attaching
tor shall be the maximum stresses dcveloped within the
personnel fall protection device lanyards and capable
component, based on the platform ratng and operated
of v-.ithstanding, without failure, the impact load created
in accordance with the rnanufa c turer 's instructions This
by falling loads The falling loads shall be calculated
stress shall include the effccts of stress concentration
using 300 lb (135 kg) as a single occupant weight, then
and dynamic load ingas shown in the following formula:
mult i pli e d by the numb e r of occupants l h at are 1 e qui re d

to atta ch to the a nchor age point \Vhen the p la tform is


. . a
DESIGN lAClOR = ( ) f f at m a x i mum occupancy In1pacl loads shall be c al cul a t ed
rr + CTz t a

using this load and allov.1ed to freely fall fron, the top

rail of the platform while attached to the point v.ith a


wherc
Ianyard having a length t h at p e rm it s movement \vithin
/1 = stress concenlr a t i o n factor
the platform's peri meter but not exceeding 6 ft (1 83 m)
[: = dynamic loading factor

(4) I-Iand r a i li ngs \vithin the suspended platforn1


(
T yield stiength fo1 m a l e r i a l s desc r i bed in (a )

I-land ra i lin g s sh a ll be provided a round the entire pl a t


above or u l t i rn a t c strength for rne ter ia ls

descr ibcd in (b) above forn, v.1ith the exception of a ny access g a te s or doo1 s

,r, 1-land r a iling s sh a ll have a clearance of not less than


= stress due to the weight of the platforrn

stress due to the m x i m u m platfor m rating


1 5 in (39 mm) bet\veen th e railing and any oth er
(T'2 =
s tr uc t ur e

The values of Ji and [: may be dcterrnined by experi (5) F loor i ng v.1ith a s l i p - resi s l a nt surfacc and pro v i

mental stress analysis on a prototype unit The vales sions to f a cil itate the free drninage of li q ui d s and thal

3
ASME 830,23-2005 PERSONNEL LIFTtNG SYSTEMS

will withstand the forces developed under proof test (_() Suspension system legs shall be sized based

loadings Flooring shall have no opening that will allow on the require m ents of para 23-1 1 l(a)(l)(b)

a sphere of O 5 in (13 mm) to pass through (g) Suspension systems should be designed to

(6) Means to secure loase iterns within the platforrn divide the load evenly among the suspension legs

(05) (7) An identification plate shall be located on the (/1) Rope sling and chain sling suspension sys

platform The location shall protect against damage and tems shall have each lcg of the systern permanently

allow easy viewing from both the interior (while hoisted) mar ked with the rated load of the leg The master link

and exterior (while not hoisted) of the platform As a in thc system shall be permanentl y rnarked with the

rninimum, the following information shall be displayed: suspensin systern's rated load and identification as a

(a) rnanufacturer name and address personnel lifting platfor m suspension cornponent

(1) Shackles, if used in the suspension system, (05)


(b) platform rating in ter ms of weight and per
shall be of a bolt type with cotter pin
sonnel
(11) Overhead p r o t e c t i o n , when provided for a
(e) platfor m identiflcation number

platform, shall allow for a clear view of the hoist cquip


(d) suspension systern description for suspended
1
ment components direc.tl y overhead, from any position
platforms or thc intended hoisting equipment manufac
in the platform An y openings designed in the overhead
turer i dent ifi cat i on for boom-attached p l at for m s
protection shall not allow a sphere of gr ea ter than O 5 in
(e) weight of the empty platform and its suspen
(13 mm) to pass through
sion system
(12) Include appropriate accessories to facilitate the
(j) date of the platform manuf acture
use of the platform in the special environments specificd
(g) certification of cornpliance to the design, con
by the manufacturer
struction, and testing requirernents of this volume
(13) Welds used in the constrnction of the platform

(11) li s ti ng of any un iq ue o p e r a t i o n a l enviren shall be in accordance vvith American Welding Society

ments far which the platforrn has been designed or ASME guidelines

(8) Access gales, inclu di ng s li d i n g or foldin g types. (14) Bolted connections of load sustaining men1-

If installed, shall be equipped with a p ositi v e act i n g: bcrs or con1ponents of the platfonn shall be in accor

dev i ce to r estr ain the gate from a c c i d e n t a l o p e n i n g dance \Vith thc AISC Specification for Structural Joints

Swinging type access gates shal! not swing outward Using A ST M A 325 or A 90 Bolts

while the platform is suspended (15) The incorporation of a \Veatherproof con1part

(9) The suspension system shall m ini m i z e tipp i ng n1ent suitable for storage of the Operator Manual and

d u e t o mo v emen t of p e r sonnel on th e p ! a t f o r r n a nd assorted other docu m ents, or a \veatherproof placard

should not allow rnotion of more than ten degrees off displa y ing the Open1tor Manual, and readable from the

the horizontal plane platform, \Vhen motion controls that are operational

from the platform are installed


(10) Forsuspended platforms, a suspension system
(16) Motion rnntrols, if installed on the platform,
that minimizes the potential for the system's remov al
shall
and use far other purposes The suspension system shall
(a) be clearly identified as to their function
be sized by the platform manufacturer, and ts installed
(b) be protected from inadvertent actuation
sling angle established, so as not to ca use dama ge to
(L) be inside the platfonn and readily accessible
the platform Suspension systems shall comply with the
to the ope,ator
following:
(d) \vhen possible be oriented and move in the
(a) Rope sling suspension systems with mechani
approximate direction of the function that they control
cally spliced flemish eyes, if used, shall be designed
(e) return to their neutral pos i tion and stop all
with thimbles in ali eyes Wire rope clips, wedge sockets,
n1otion \vhen released
or knots shall not be used
<17) 800111 motion controls, if provided, shall addi
(b) Rope sling suspension systems with pared
tional!)
socket end connections, if used, shall be designed in
(a) includc a control that must be continuously
accordance with the manufact u rer's or qualified per
acthated far controls to be operationa!
son's application instructions
(l,J inc!ude an Emergency Stop Control that does
(e) Chain sling suspension systems, if used, shall
not require continuous actuation for a stop condition
be designed using a minimum of grade 80 chain
(e) h a \ e motion c o n t 1 o l s 1 accessible at ground
(05) (d) Ali sling suspension systems shall utilize a
le, el, that can ovcrride platform con t rols
master link for attachment to the hoisting equiprnent
231.l.2 Hoisting Equipment
hook or bolt type shackle with cotter pin

(e) S ynthctic webbing o r nat u r a l or s y n t h e t i c (a) Onl) the hoist i n g e qu ipm e n t manufacturer may

fber 1ope slings s h a l l not be used for suspcnsion app r o\ e the d es i g n , and ins ta l !ati on procedures, for plat

systems fo1 n1 n 1ou n ting atta c h1ne nt p oints on lattice type boom

.
ASME 830 23-2005
PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS

equipmentand lattce type boom extensions The design, (b) provide a weatherproof cornpartrnent, in the

and installation pr ocedur cs, for platfor rn m o u n t i n g platforrn, that is capable of storing the Operator Manual

attachment points on other type h o i s t i n g equipment or have the Operator M anual displayed on a weather

shall be approved by the hoisting equipment manufac proof placard, rcadable frorn the platform

turer or a qualiied person Ali approvals shall be in


23-1.2.2 Hoisting Equipment
writing

(OS) (b) Platfonn-mounting altachments on the hoisting I-Ioisting cquipment used to lift personnel platform s

equiprnent and 011 the plntform should allow the plat s hall have been conslructcd in a c c o r d a n c e v...-i th the

forrn f1oor to remain within 10 deg of the horizontal applicable ASME 830 volume Ali hoisling cqui p ment

plane, regardless of boom angle shall be verified ns having the Iollowing fcatures prior

(e) Platforrn mounting attachments on the hoisting to being used for personnel li f tin g:

equipmcnt shall be designod to pro t ec t agai nst clisen (n) Hoist e q uipm cn t fcatures a nd / or controls that per- (05)

gagement du r i ng li f t in g op e r a t io n mil live boom or livc load J ine o p er ati on s h a ll be rnadc

inoperable so that neither a l i ve boom nor a live loa d

li ne operation can take place du r i ng personnel lifting


SECTION 231.2: CONSTRUCTION
(b) Ropo or chain ho i s tin g systerns, which are used

far personnel lifting, shall have an anti-two-block device


23-1.2.1 Personnel Lifting Platform
installed

(a) Standmds P l a tforms shall be constr u ct ed us i ng (e) I-Ioisting equipmenl with a vari a ble angle boom

designs meeting the requirements of Section 23- 1 1 s h a ll havo a boom a ngl e indicator readily visible to the

(b) Q11nlit1 Ass11rn11ce operator

(1) E d ge s exposed to contact by pl a t f orm occupants (d) H oi st in g e q uipme n t w ith tel c scopi ng booms shall

or p l a t f o r m handlers shall be srnoothed to p r otect have a boom length indicator, readable from the opera

agai nst in j u r y tors station, unless the load r a t i ng is ind e pendent of

(2) Welding of the pl a t f orm s h a ll be in a ccord a nce the boom Jength

with A me r i c a n Welding Society or A SME procedures (e) Hooks used far a tt a chme n t of a personncl lifti n g

and p e r f orm e d by a certified welder platform sh a ll be of a type th a t can be posit ive ly locked

( 3) Q u a li ty verifica tion testing shall, as a minirnum, closed and will prevcnt thc platform li f ti ng bridle from

consist of the requircrnents outli n e d in para 23-2 2 l(a) bcing dislo dged

(e) Ccr!ificnlio11s and M11111111/ (f) 1-l.oisling eq u ip n 1e n t sh a l l have a utom at ic br ake s

(1) The manufacturer shall cer tify that the pl a tform such that when the eq uip m e nt operating controls are

manufactured, and the suspension system incorporated, released, the motions a re brou g ht to test

meet the design, const ru c t ion , and testing requirements (g) A holding devicc, such as a load hold check val ve,

set forth in this volume This certi ficat ion shall be indi shall be provided in hydraulic or pneumatic systems to

cated 011 the plate attached to the platform prevent uncontrolled n1ovement of thc hoisting eq u i p

(2) The manufacturer shall provide written c e rtifi ment in the event of l system f ailure (e g , sup p l y hose)

c a t on of the platform ratin g to the purchaser u p on (h) A means to prevent the r e t r a ct i on of any hydrauM

request l i c a ll y or pn e umat i c a ll y activated outr i g g ers ot stabiliz

(3) The manufacturer of a platform, which has plat ers in the event a hyd rauli c or pneun 1a t i c line fails, vvhen

form motion controls in the platform. shall such devices are a component of the hoist i ng e qui pment

(a) p r ovid e an Operator Manual with lhe (i) P cnda nt s u p p o r t c d , jib type, boom c x t e n sio n s

w ithout positive stops shall not be used to lift personnel


platform

5
ASME 830,23-2005 PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS

Chapter 23-2

lnspectlon, Testing, and Maintenance

SECTION 23-2.1: INSPECTION 23-2.1.2 Hoisting Equipment (05)

Hoisting equipment shall be inspected in accordance


Ali equipment used in the lifting of personnel shall
with the defined "Inspection Classification" r e q u l r e
be inspected, tested, and maintained to protect against

failure duting lifting operations ments of the applicable ASME 830 volurne

23.,2.1.1 Personnel Lifting Platform


SECTION 23-2.2: TESTING

(a) Geneial The platform manufacturer shall furnish


23-2.2.1 Personnel Lifting Platform
complete inspection criteria for platform users The cri

teria shall address ali inspection frequency classifica (a) Plntfonn Mm111faclt11L'1 Tests

tions listed in this volume and shall cover (1) Personnel platfarms shall be tested by the man

(1) the plalform ufacturer to the extent necessary to verify compliance

(2) rigging components with the requirernents of this volume, including items

such as the following:


(3) fasteners
(a) load suspension mechanisms or attachment
(4) ali safety features and attachments
components
(b) Freq11e11c1
(b) occupant safety features
(1) lnitiat inspection Prior to initial use and at each
(e) platfarm rating
new job site, ali platforms shall be inspected by a quali
Where the complete production platform is not sup
fied person to verify compliance with the provisions of
plied by one manufacturer, such tests shall be conducted
this volurne
at final assembly by the platform assernbler or a quali
(2) Regular inspccion
fied person
(a) Frcqucnt The platform, suspension system,
(2) Rape sling, chain sling, or other leg suspension (05)
attachment points, and any platform motion controls
systems shall be tested, prior to installation, by applying
shall be inspected at least once each day, befare use,
a test load to each individual leg equal to twice the rated
by a designated person The inspection is to identify
load of the leg If a master link is used in the suspension
conditions that have been specifically indicated by the
system, it shall be tested to at least twice the sum of the
platforrn manufacturer, o r a qualified person, as poten
weight of the platform and the platform rating Ali tested
tially creating a hazar dous operating condition The
components shall be visually inspected after testing
inspection shall address at least those items listed in
Any component showing damage shall be replaced and
Appendix III Any conditions found that constitute a
the test procedure repeated
hazard shall be corrected prior to lifting personnel
(3) The suspension system attaching points on sus
(b) Periodic At least once every 12 months, or
pended platforms shall be subjected to nondestructive
as required by the platform manufacturer, a periodic
testing by the platform manufacturer
inspection of the platform shall be performed by a quali
tb) Proof Tesiing
fied person in accordance with the instructions provided
(]) At each new [ob site, prior to hoisting people
by the manufacturer Platforms which have been out of
in the personnel platfarm, the platform and tigging shall
service for 12 or more consecutive months shall receive
be proof tested to 125% of the platforrn's rating With
a periodic inspection pr ior to use
the proof test load evenly distributed in the platform,
(c) Records
the platform shall be hoisted and held in a suspended
(1) For frequent inspections, dated rcords far position for not less than 5 min After the proof testing,

the hoisting equipment and personnel platfarm shall be the platform shall be inspected by a qualified person

made and kept by thc platfarm use, far the duration of Any damage revealed by the inspection shall be cor

the personnel lift operation rected and another proof test conducted

(2) Far periodic inspections, dated records far (2) When feasble, the hoisting equipment to be

the platfarm shall be made by the platfarm owner The used for lifting personnel should be the equipment used

last pcriodic inspection shall be kept with the platform to perforrn the proof tests at the job site as defincd in

and available for review para 23-22 l(b)

6
PERSONNEL LIFrlNG SYSTEMS ASME 830.232005

(3) After any structural repair or modiflcation, a 23-23.1 Personnel Lifting Platform

platform shall be proof tested to 150% of the platform's


(a) Prcoetuan: Mn111Jc11a11u'
rating Boom attached platforrns shall use the test proce
(1) A preventative maintenance program based on
dure described in para 23-2 2 l ( b ) ( l ) Suspended plat
the platform manufacture 's recommendations should
forms shall be tested by raising the loaded platform to
be established
a height, then lowering it at a speed of not less than
(2) Replacement parts used shall be cqual to or
100 ft/min (30 5 m/min) Once a lowering speed of
exceed the original equipmcnt specifications
100 ff/min (30 fi m y minj or mote is reached, the platform
(b) Adj11sf1111!11ls a11d Rcpairs
descent shall be halted by applying the hoisting equip
(1) Any hazardous c o n d i t i o n d i s c l o s e d by any
ment brakes and then the platforrn allowcd to hang for
inspection shall be corrected befare use of the platforrn
a period of not less than 5 min After this test and
is resumed Adjuslments and repairs shall be accorn
hanging period, the platform shall be inspected by a
plished by designated personnel
qualified person Any damage revealed by the inspec
(2) Adjustments shall provide for correct function
tion shall be corrected and another proof test conducted
ing of cornponcnts
(05) (e) Records The record of the most recent proof testing (3) Replacement parts used or repairs made shall be

shall be rnaintained at the job site equal to or exceed the original equipment specification

(4) Ali welding repairs shall be done by a certified

232.2.2 Hoisting Equipment welder

(5) Any adjustrnent or repair to the platform sus


(05) (ni I-loisting equipmenl shall be tested in accordance
pension system shall be done by a gualfied person
with the defined "Operational Tests" and "Load Test"
(6) Rape slings or chan slings showng indications
requirements of the applicable ASME 830 volume
described in ASME 830 9 shall be taken out of service
(b) The hoisting equipment used for lifting personnel
(e) Modificntious Only m o d i f i c a t i o n s approved in
shall be tested during the trial lift, as d e f i n e d in writing by the manufacturer o r a qualified person shall
paras 23-3 2 2(a)(9) and (a)(10) be accomplished

(d) Records The platforrn owner shall maintain rec

ords on any repairs to, or replacernents of, the structural


SECTION 23-2.3 MAINTENANCE components of the platform

Mainlenance instruclions in this volume are intended 23-2.3.2 Hoisting Equipment

as the minimum guidance for general applications The Hoisting equipment shall be maintained in accordance

personncl platform and hoisting eguipment manufac with the requirements of the applicable ASME B.,O vol

turer 's information shall be consulted for specific or ume and be capa ble of operating in accordance with the

more stringent maintenance instructions manufacturer's manuals

7
ASME 830.23-2005 PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS

Chapter 23-3

Operation

SECTION 23-3.1: PERSONNEL (g) Job site m a n a geme n t shall designate the appro

pri a te num be r of signalpersons, ground crew, and plat

23-3.1.1 Management fcrrn occupants to perform the pe rsonn e l li ft safely ln

suspended and boorn-attached platforrns without boom


(a) Management shall require that the provisions of
motion controis, one occupant shall be designated as
this volume are understood and applied at the opera
the platform signalpcrson This person shall be responsi
tional levels and that the appropriate portions of this
ble for com m u n icat i ng with the operator an d / or other
volume are included in the pre-lift briefing information
designated si g n a lpe r sons
(b) Management shall designa te qualified individua Is
(/) Job site management sh a ll require that the ho i s t in g
at each job site to perfarrn the duties of the "Personnel
equipment used to lift personnel shall be in compliance
Lift Authorizer" As a mnimum, these individua Is shall
with the requirements prescribed in this volume and the
be responsible far
applicable hoisting equipment ASME 830 v olume
(1) verifying the need far a personnel lift

(2) verifying the equiprnent to be uscd far the per


23-3.1.2 Hoisting Equipment Operator
sonnel lift meets the requirements of Chapter 23-1

(3) authorizing the personnel lift operation (a) Qrwlif1Cn/ro11s

(4) requiring the personnel lift be accomplished in (1) The operator shall be qualified to opera te the

accordance with the provisions of this volurne specific type of hois ti ng equipmcnt used in the person

(cJ Job site management shall require that the prev nel lift

sions of this volume are implemented during personnel (2) The o p er a t or shall compl y with any appli ca bl e

lifting operations management-developed qua l ifi c a tion c r iteri a As a m i n

ir nu m , the oper ator q u a l i f i c a t i o n requ ire ments sh a ll


(d) Job site management shall designa te a "Personnel

Lift Supervisor" for each personnel lift operation As a include but not be limited to

minimum, the individual shall be responsible for (a) successfully meeting the physical qualfica

tion criteria as established in the app!icable hoisting


(1) holding the pre-lift meeting
eq u i p ment ASME 830 volume Additionally, the ope ra
(2) ver ifying ali required inspections have been
tor shall have been tested for substance abuse Testing
accomplished
sh a ll be in accordance w it h a pplic a ble government regu
(3) verifying qualified persons are assigned to per
lations and the policies of the employer
form the functions of the operator, signalpersons, and
(b) successfully meeting the training and qualifi
ground crew
cation criteria establishe d in the applicable hoistin g
(4) supervising the personnel lift operatlon

equipment ASME 830 volume


(5) accomplishing other tasks that may be needed
(b) Rcsponsibilies The operator shall be responsible
to enhance the safety of the personnel lift
far complying with the requirements of this volurne w ith
(eJ Job site management shall require that al! pe,son
regard to
nel associated with the lift receive the briefings and
(1) hoisting equipment capability
safety indoctrinations specified in this volume

(2) rated load constraints


(f) Job site management shall not allow or require any
(3) operational Iimitations
operator to lift personnel under the followng circum

(4) confirming that al! hoisting equipment inspec


stances:
tions have been completed and are satisfactory, prior to
(1) The operator does not feel physically or men
star ting the lift
tally fit to perfarm the operation
(5) operating the hoisting equipment in compliance
(2) The operator has been working far more than
with the procedures specified in this volume
10 hr prior to the start of the lift, 01 the lift will not be

completed befare the operator has been working fo, (6) those operations under the operator's direct

12 hr control

(3) The operator did not have at least 8 hroff, imrne (cJ Conduct

diately prior to the w o rk shift containing the personnel (1) When physicall y or mentally unfit, the operator

lift operation shall not engage in a personnel lift Ihe operator has

8
PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS ASME 830232005

the right to refuse any personnel lift under the following (6) keeping people from passing under the raised

circumstanccs: personnel platform

(a) The operator does nol feel physically or rnen (7) not using a sus p ens i on systen1 for l fting per

tally fil lo perform the operation sonnel that has been used for liftng loads other than

(b) Thc operator has been working for more than the personnel pl at form

10 hr prior to the starl of the lifl, or the lift will not be (8) m ai nt ai n i n g co n tin u ous a nd pos itiv e con 1 mun i

complcted before the opcratoi has bccn wor king for cation between the p e rsonn c l platforn1 occup a n t s and

12 hr the operator, if sign a lp e rsons are part of lhe ground crew

(e) The operator did not havo at least 8 hr off (e) Colldl!cl The ground crew sh a ll not engage in any

irnmcdiately prior lo the \VOi k shift containing the per p ra c ti c e or have any othcr d u ti es vvhich vvill reduce the

sonnel lift operation safety of the personnel lift o p er a lion

(2) While actually engaged in operating the


23-3.1.4 Personnel Platform Occupants
hoisting equipment, the operator shall not engage in

any practice that wil! divert his att en t ion


(a) Qunl,ffrntiol!s

(3) The opernlor shall only respond to signals from


(1) Occupants shall have been inslructed in the rcc-
the Personnel L ift S up e r v iso r o r a designated sign a l p er
ognized hazards of personnel platform lifts, such as
son The operator s h a ll obey a stop signa! ar any time,
(n) i mpact i ng s t ructu re s outside the platform
no matter who gives it
(b) unexpected p l a tform motion
(4) Wh enever the operator has any doubt as to the
(e) any special h azai ds associated ivith the lift
safety of the lift, the o p er a lor shall consult with the
(2) Occupants shall have been instructed in the per
Personnel L ifl Super visoi bcforc cornmencing or confin
sonnel lif ti ng procedures and safety precautions
uing the lift
( 3) Occupants sh a l l have attended a pre-lift bri efi ng
(5) The ho i s t ing equiprnent operator shall
as required by this volun1e
(n) when involvcd with a suspended platforrn.
(iJ) Occupants of a platform vvth controls sh a ll be
boom-mounted platforrn without controls, or a boom
q ualified to operate the controls
mounted platforrn with controls but without a means
(b) Respo11sil,i!ities The l
p a tform occupants shall be
of lowering, re t r a c t in g , a nd r ot a ting in the event the
responsible for
prtmary po\ver sourcc becomes inopcrntivc, remain nt
(1) m a i n t a inin g a stable and even lo a ding on the

the hoist i ng equipmcnt controls whenever personnel are


platform
in the platform
(2) keepin g ali parts of their body inside the plat
(b) when involv e d with a boom-mounted plat
form d u r i ng r ai s i n g, lo\.vering, and p osi t ion i n g, except
for rn with boom motion co nt rols and a rneans of low
when performing du ti es as a designated signalperson
ering. retracting, a n d r ot a ting in the evenl the pr i m a ry
(3) not i nterferin g wi t h the platform operator or
po\ver source becomcs inoperative, be free not to rema in
the designatcd signa l pe r s on in the l
p a tform except to
at the hoi s ting equ ipment controls
give an emergency stop signa!

23-3.1.3 Ground Crew (4) keeping their personnel fall p rotection device

lanyard fastened to the pr o v ided a ncho rage points at


(05) (n) Q1111lific11f1011s I n d i v i d u a l s a ss i gned as g r o u n d
ali times, \Nhile occupying the p l at fo r m , unless special
crew shall be p h y s i c a ll y and mentally capable of per
circumstance vvork requiren1ents d i c ta t e othervvise
forming thc inspcctions and operat ions associated with
(5) being f a mili a r with the hand s i gn a ls posled in
the lift They sh a ll be lr ai n e d in the specfic requirernents
the platform A li occup a nts sh a ll know the emergency
of their tasks associated with the lift
stop signa!
(b) Respo11silnlil1cs The ground crew sh a ll be responsi
(e) Co11d11ct Occupants shall conduct themselves in a
ble for
manner to help n 1a n ta in the p l a tfo r m s ta b i l i t y and the
(1) visu a lly i ns pe c ti n g the personnel lifting plat
safety of the personnel lift oper a tion
form, and its associated r lg g i ng , for hazardous condi

tions, prior to a nd dur i n g any o pe r a t i on

(2) a s si s t ing in the e n tra nc e and exit of personnel SECTION 23-3.2: PRACTICES

lift occupants at ground leve!


233.2.l Management
(3) verifying the per sonnel p l at form is securely

attached to the hois t ing equip m e n t Job sitc managcn1ent sh a ll have a Personnel L ift i ng

(4) verifying lh e load li n e is nol d i r e c t ly attached Mana g e m c n t and A ppro va l P 1 ogr a m that re q uir e s the

to, or wrepped around, the personnel platforrn cr i teria of this volume to be n1ct, prio1 to lifting person

(5) veri f yin g boorn-attached personne l p lat forms nel The program shall, as a n1inimum, require

are only attnchcd using the pins and fittings specified by (n) the Personnel Lif t Super\iso1 to prepare a person

the hoisl equipn1c nt n 1anu f a c tu1e r 01 l qua lified person nel lift plan containing at least the information sho,vn

9
ASME 830,23-2005 PERSONNEL LIFTING SYSTEMS

in Appendix II Ibis plan shall be presented to the (1) When wel d in g is to be accomplished from the

Personnel Lift Authorizer for review / approval The plan p e rsonnel platform, suitable electrode holders shall be

shall be retained as part of the job site records provided to protect thern from contact v...ith any conduct

(b) the Personnel Lift Authorizer to verify that there ing components of the pla tform

are no less hazardous alternatives to performing the (2) Job site rnanagernent shall instruct operators of

work 01 providing access to the area The personnel lift h o i sting equipment, i ns t all ed on floating vessels, not to

shall not be authorized when less hazardous means are lift personne! when the l ist or tri m of the vessel exceeds

feasible 5 deg lf mobile hoisting equi p ment is placed on floating

(e) the Personnel Lift Authorizer to verify that condi vessels, opera t ors shall not lift personnel when the lis t

tions provide clear visibility When condtions such as cr trim of the vessel exceeds 1 deg

darkness, fog, or snow prevent clear visibility, the Per (.3) When personncl li fts are conducted over water,

sonnel Lift A u t h o r izer shall not authorize personnel personnel flotation devices shall be provided a nd

lifting required to be worn Personnel fall protection devces

(d) the Personnel Lift Authotzer to only authorize


wi th qu ick rele a se features shall be provided and

personnel lifting over, under, or in the vicinity of power required to be worn The fall protection device shall be

lines, in accordance wi th the r e q u i r e rn e n t s of ap propr i ately attached while personnel are lifted over

land and detached while personnel are lifted over water


Appendix I

(4) A boat with appropriate rescue personnel shall


(e) personnel platfcrms not to be used in winds in
be available at ali times during a personnel lift over
excess of 20 mph (32 2 km/hr) at the hoisted platform

height, elec trie stor ms, snow, ice, sleet, or other adver se
wa ter

(5) Appropriate personnel p r otective e g uipm e nt


weather conditions which could affect the safety of per

sh a ll be provided and required to be used around toxic,


sonnel
flamrnable, or hazardous substances or fumes
(j) the Personnel Lift Supervisor to verify that each

of the requirements in this Section have becn mct (6) Any concentrated l o a din g of the platform shall

be rev iewed to prec!ude the O\ e rstr ess i n g of a ny compo


(g) the Personnel Lift Supervisor to hold a pre-lift

nent or imp a iri n g the platforrn stability


briefing attended by the hoisting equipment operator,

(7) Where the rotation of the platform, while (05)


platfcrm occupants, and ground crew If i n d i v iduals are

h oist e d , can c rea te a hazar d, ap p r o p r iat e restraining


changed during a series of personncl lifts, each new
methods shall be provided and required to be used
person shall be appropriately briefed by the Personnel

Lift Supervisor Contents of the b r iefin g shall, as a mini


23-3.2.2 Hoisting Equipment Operator
mum, cover

(1) the operations section of this volume


(n) The ho i st e qu ipmen t and platform man u f a ctu r er ' s

(2) assignment and responsibiliti e s of each person info r m ati on shall be consulted for specific ins tr u c tion

involved in the lift operation


on the equiprnent operation The hoisting equipment

( 3) the procedures to be followed and platform operat i on inst r uc t ions in this volume are

(4) guidance on general and specific safety precau- intended as mi n i m u m criteria for general a pp li ca ti ons

tions Th e operator sh a ll

(5) special signals for the operation (1) inspect the ho i st e q uipm e nt setup area befare

(6) unique considerations of the lift


the personnel lif t and report his observations to the

Personnel L i ft Super v isor The ope rat o r sha l! inspect the


(7) wo rk to be accomplished durin g lift

area for pot e nt ic1 l hazards, such lS bu t not lin1it e d to


(8) if applicable, the re s ponsibilities and assign
(a) excessive load and/or radius
ments contained in Appendix I when li ft i ng personnel
(b) o v e r he a d o b st r u c t i o n s an d electrical t r ans
near electrical power lines
miss i on !i nes
(/) the Personnel Lift Supervisor to term i na te person

(e) hazardous locations


nel li fting operetions if hazardous con diti ons de v elop

dur ing the lift


(d) inadequate surf a ce and support to vvithstand

a li forces imposed
(i) personnel platforms to be only uscd for personnel,

(e) wind, \Veather, and u n sta b le cond it ion s


their tools, and sufficient mate ri al to do their wor k 1hey

shall not be used for solely t r a nsporti n g bulk materials (j) any potent ial ly hazardous cond i tions

(j) a qualified person to evaluare the safety concerns (2) i ns pec t the hoist equ i pmen t i m med i ate ! y prior

of the operational env ironment a nd verify the pl at for m to starting a personnel lift o p er a tion T he cr it eri a for

and hoisting equipment are suitable for use Addition a F requ e n t Insp e ction as specified in the appropri ate

ally, special work circumstances may r e qu ir e fu r ther pre hoistin g equipment AS Mt:: 830 volume shall be used

cautions Precautions such as, bu t not lirnited to, the (3) operate hoisting equipment \Vith outriggers

following shall be taken: \Vith the outriggers or s t ab i l iz ers extended, blocked, and

10
PERSONNEL LIFrlNG SYSTEMS ASME 830 23-2005

locked in accordance with the manufacturers' specifica inoperative, be free to not ren1ain at the hoisting egup

tions n1ent controls

(4) verify that the hoisling equipment is set up and (19) set ali brakes and locks on the hoisting equip

maintained within !'Vi) of leve! during a personnel lift menl after positioning of the pe1sonnel platform and

(5) for hoisting cquipmcnt with a boom-attached before personnel perform any wor k

platform. verify that the platform is attached as specified (20) move the platform under controlled conditions

by the platforrn manufncturer and hoisting equipmcnt and under the direction of a designated signalperson

manufacturer or qualified person (21) not movc pl;tfonns over, under, or in the vicin

(6) for hoisling cquipment that uses rope to hoist ity of po11,1er lines unless the requiren1ents of Appendix I

a personnel platform, ver ify that the equipment has an are n1et

anti-two-block d e v i c e or upper tr avel l i m i t switch, (22) not lift any other loads, on any other load J ines,

installed and operational \vhile conducting a personnel lift When the hoisting

(7) not allow the lolal weight of the lifted load, equipment has a boom-attached platforn1 ,vithout con

including rigging, platfor rn, pcrsonnel, tools, and mate trols, it shall not be used for other lifting service
1
rial, to exceed 50 }:i of the hoisting equipment's rated (23) not disable, or allow to be disabled, any hoist

load, under the planned conditions of operation (except eguipment s;fety device during a personnel lift

during tcsting as outlined in Chapter 23-2) (24) not operate a platform \vth 1notion controls

(8) not allow the platforrn's rating or the hoisting without the platform operation manual lvailable in the

equipment's reduced rated load to be exceeded when platform

loads are transferred to the hoisted platform (25) hoist the platform at a speed suitable for the (05)

(9) perform a tria! lift prior to lifting personnel with safety of the o p e r a t i o n b u t in no case in excess of

the platforrn on each shift and after any change of setup 90 ft/min (30 m / m i n ) or 1 5 ft/sec (O 5 m/sec)

Iocation, hoist equipment configuration, or operator (b) The operator shou l d avoid the smultaneous oper

These lifls shall be used to ascer tain that hoistequipment ltion of more than one of the hoisting equipment motion

setup and configuration is correct, load capacities are controls, unless such practice increases the safcty of the

adequate, and no hazardous interferences exist and to lift operation

further dcmonstrate the operators competence


23-3.2.3 Ground Crew
(10) verify that during the tria! lift, the platform

is loaded to at least the weight expected during the The platform operation instru c tions in this volume

actual lift are intended as minimun1 criteria for general !pplica

(11) position the platform so that it may be tied off tions The pla t fo r m m a n u f ; c tu r e r ' s i nform at ion shall be

to the structurc to which the occupants are entering or consulted for specific ins tr uction on the platforn1's oper

leeving. if the platform cannot be landed during the ation The ground cre11,, shall

ennance or exit of the occupants If the platform has (n) inspect the platfor m prior to each lift to vc rify a li

been ticd off, the opera t or shall no t move the platforrn attachments and the platform stru c tu1e are securc

until it is ver ified that it is frcely suspended (b) observe the wcight test lnd rcporl any deforn1a

(12) n o t k n o w i n g f y a J ! o 11, , thc p l a t f o r rn load to tion or h aza rdous c on d itions to the Pcrsonnel Lifl Super

exceed the pl a tform rating, e xc e p t dur i ng proof t e s ti ng visor Items noted d urin g the 11,reight test shlll be ve1 ificd

(13) not travel the hois ti ng cquiprncnt with person as safe by l q u ali fied person prior to comm e n ci ng thc

nel in thc pe rsonnel platforrn excepl when the equip personnel lift

ment r u ns on fixed r a i ls or run\.vays (e) inspect a nd lttach the p e rsonn e l pl at forn 1 in the

(14) perforrn a ll movcmcnts of the platform in a manner specified by thc platform manufacturer

slow, c o n t r o l l e d manner to m i n i m i z e s u d d e n move (d) verify the plltforn1 is e v e nly l o l d e d , n1aterial

ments of the p l a tform sccured, and the total pl at form \veight does not cxceed

(15) engage thc power-controlled lowering mecha the pl at form r at ing or the reduced ho i st i n g e qu i pmen t

nlsm at ali times thc pl at f o rm is occupied (no freefall) lift capacity

(16) not lif t or lower an occupied platform nt a (e) not allo\v an occupied platform over, under, or in

speed in cxcess of 100 ft/ min (30 5 m/ min) ( except dur the vicinity of po\.ver lines unless thc requirements of

ing testing as out!ined in Chapter 21-2) Appendix I are met

(17) in thc case of suspended or boorn-rnounted (f) use tag lines for 1notion control of suspended plat

p l a t f o r rn s , , v i t h o u t c o n t r o l s , rcmnin at thc h o i s t i n g fo1n1s, unless their use creates an unsafe c o n d i t i o n

equiprnent controls al ;JJ limes when thc platfor m is


23-3.2.4 Platform Occupants
occupicd

(05) (18) in thc case of boon1-mountcd p!atforn1s, ,vith (a) The platforn1 operltion instructions in this volu1ne

controls nnd a n1cans of l\\'cring, retracting, and rotat are intended as n1inin1un1 c,itcria for general applica

ing in thc e\ cnt the prirnary po,ver s oui c c becon1cs tions The platfo r n1 m a n u f a c t u 1 c r ' s inforn1ation shall be

11
ASME Bf232005 PERSONNEL LlfTING SYSTEMS

consulted for specific instruction on the platform's oper (2) keep ali parts of their body inside the platform

ation The platform occupants shall during raising, lowering, and positioning unless they

(1) rema in in continuous sight or in communication are performing the duties of a designated signalperson

with the operator and in sight and comrnuncation of a 23-3.2.5 Communications

signalperson
(n) Hand signals to the operator shall be in accordance (05)

(2) use personal protective equipment. such as hard with the applicable hoisting equipment

hats, safety glasses, hearing protection, and gloves, in ASME 830 volume

conditions where a hazard of injury exists (b) S i g n a l s s h a l l be d i s c e r n i b l e or a u d i b l e to the

(3) wear personnel fall protection devices with lan operator

yards attached to a specific anchorage point(s), unless (L) Hand signa Is shall be posted conspicuously at the

following locations:
special circumstance work re q u i r e rnen ts dictate
11) as required by the hoisting equipment
otherwise
ASME 830 volume
(4) be limited in nurnber, and commensurate with
(2) inside the personnel platform
the work being performed, platform design, and
(3) at any platform motion control locations
hoisting equipment limitations
(d) Sorne o p e r a t i o n s may require a d d i t i o n s to, or
(5) have rnaterials and equipment evenly distrib
modifications of, standard signals
uted and secured while the platform is lifted
(1) Any special signals shall be agreed upan and

(6) not stand, sit on, or work rorn the top rail, understood by the signalpersons and hoisting equip

interrnediate rail, toe board, or use any other device to ment operator

enhance their vertical height working capability (2) Special signals s h a l l not c o n f l i c t w i t h the

(7) not pull the platform out of plumb with the hoisting equipment standard signals

(e) No response shall be made unless s i g n a l s are


hoisting equipment
clearly understoocl
(8) not enter or exit a suspended platfonn while it

(f) lf communicalions between operator and platform


is raised unless the platform has an installed gate and
occupants are disrupted, all operations shall be stopped
is physcally secured to the structure to which the occu
until comrnunication is reestablished
pants are enteiing or exiting
(g) If radios ar other electronic mea ns of communka
(b} The occupants should
tions are used, they should opera te on a secure channel

(1) have audible and visual alert devices in the plat (11) Communication systems to be used during the lift (05)

form far use in an emergency (i e , air horns or strobe shall be ver ified as functioning and effective prior to

lights) commenclng the lift

12
ASME 830 232005

MANDATORY APPENDIX i

urnas PERSONNEl NEAR ElECTRICAl POWER liNES

This volurne recognizes that lifting personnel where (d) Durable signs shall be installed at the operator 's

the hoisting equipment or platform can become electri station and on the outside of the crane warning that

fied from electric poiver lines is an extremely hazardous electrocution or serious bodily injury may occur unless

practice It is advisable to perform the lft so there is the minimum clearance shown in Table l- 1 is maintained

no possibility of the hoisting equipment, load line, or between the h o i s t i n g equipment and platforrn and

personnel p l a t f o r m b e c o m i n g a c o n d u c t i v e pa t h power lines These signs shall be posted at the hoist

Hoisting equipment shall not be used to lift personnel equipment operating station, on the outside of the hoist

under electric power lines if any combination of boom, eguipment, and inside the personnel platform

personnel platform, load line, and machine component (e) Jf proximity warning devices, insulated links, or

will enter the prohibited zone shown in the appropriate boom cages are used, by choice or legal mandate, they

figure Lifting personnel near electric power lines is not shall not be a substitute for any of the requirements of

allowed unless there is no less hazardous way to do the this section Jf these devices are used, the hoist equip

job The four situations to consider, and take steps to ment operator, ground crew, and platform occupants

establish, whcn lifting personnel near electric power shall be instructed by management on the limitations

lines are of the devices, operating condition requirements of the

devices, and the devices' testing requirements pre

scribed by the device manufacturer

A Power lines are de-energized and grounded as

shown in Fig l 1 (This is the safest and preferred


1-2 CONDITION B
condition)

8 Power lines are energized with the hoisting equlp-


The following steps shall be taken when lifting per
ment outside the prohibited zone, but there is a
sonnel in a Condition B situation:
potential for the hoisting equipment or platform
(a) A meeting, on the job site, between the job site
being energized as shown in Fig. 12
management and either a gualified representative of the
C Power Hnes are energlzed wilh the hoisting equlp-

rnent inside the prohibited zone, and there is a owner of the power lines or the electric utility shall take

possibility that the hoisting equipment or plnt place, Procedures to safely complete the lift shall be

Iorm can bccome energized as shown in Fig. I-3 established


(l fting personnel in this condition is prohibited )
(b) Toe clearance specified in Table J. shall be main
O Hoisting equipment is in transit with the boom
tained between the hoisting eguipment, load line, and
lowercd and no personnel in the platform as
personnel platform at ali times
shown in Fig I-4
(e) Power Iine movement, horizontal and vertical, due

to wind shall be added to the distances specified in

I 1 CONDITION A Table l-I. A gualified representative of the power line

owner ora designated representative of the electric util


This is the preferred condition under which a person
ity shall be consulted for the movement distances
nel lift can be performed The hazard of injury or death
(d) Toe reguired clearances to the power Jines shall
due to electrocution has been removed The following
be continuously monitored by a dedicated and qualified
steps shall be taken when lifting personnel in a Condi
signalperson in constant communication with the hoist
tion A situation:
eguipment operator,

(a) The power company or owner of the power lines (e) Personnel platform movement restrainr, when
shall de-energize the lines reguired, shall be done through electrically nonconduc

(b) The power lines shall be visibly grounded to avoid tive tag lines

the possibility of electrical feedback (f) No person outside the personnel platform shall be

(e) A qualified representative of the owner of the permitted to touch the hoist equipment, load line, or

po\ver lines o r a designated representative of the electric platform unless the signalperson identified in (d) above

utility shall be on the site to verify that steps (a) and indicates it is safe

(b) of this section have been completed and that the (g) Operation of the boom or the personnel platform

power Jines are not energized over power lines should be avoided Poor perception of

13
ASME 630.23-2005 MANDATORY APPENDIX 1

distance and multiple contact points, as viewed from shall be instructed by n1anagement on the limitations

the operator 's and signalperson's positions, makc this of the devices, operating condition requirements of the

a very hazardous situation devices, and the devices' testing requirements pre

(/1) Power line visibility enhancing devices, such as scribed by the device manufacturer

ribbons or balls, should be attached to the power lines

to aid in the location of the prohibited zone established


1-3 CONDITION C
in (b) and (e) above
Lifting personnel under this condition is prohibited
(i) Durable signs shall be posted warning that electro

cution or serious bodily injury may occur unless the

minimum clearance shown in Table I-1 is rnaintained 14 CONDITION D

between the hoisting equipment and p l a t f o r m and


The following steps shall be taken when transiting to

power lines These signs shall be posted at the hoist


a personnel lifting location in a Condition D situation:

equipment operating station, on the outside of the hoist


(n) While in transit with no occupants in the platform

equipment, and inside the personnel platform


and the boom lowered, the clearance to the power lines

(j) Jf proximity warning devices, insulated links, or shall be as specified in Table I-1

boom cages are used, by choice or legal mandate, they (b) When planning the transit of the hoisting equip

shall not be a substitute for any of the requirements of ment, the effect of ground speed and terrain on the

this section Jf these devices are used, the hoist equip h o i s t i n g e q u i p m e n t and boom movement s h a l l be

ment operator, ground crew, and platform occupants considered

14
MANDATORY APPENDIX I ASME 830.23-2005

POWER UNES DE-ENERGIZED sJ


ANO GROUNDED ]

Fig. 1-1

/ / / / /)

V
THIS AREA S H O U L D I

BEAVOIDED

: PROHIBITED ZONE I

<, <, I SEE TABLE 1-1

<,

f-. '-1
i -, PERSONNEL SHALL NOT BE I
Boom shall not be positioned

beyond this line


HANDLED IN THIS AREA -, ,
'---,--,-

Fig. 1-2

15
ASME 630 23-2005 MANDATORY APPENDIX I

Fig. 1-3

PROHIBITED ZONE

SEE TABLE 1-1

Fig. 1-4

16
MANDATORY APPENDIX I ASME 830.232005

Table ll Required (learance for Normal Voltage

in Operation Near High-Voltage Power Lines

and Operation in Transit With No Load and Boom

or Mast Lowered

Minimum Radial

Oistance, D
Normal Voltage, kV

(Phase to Phase) ft m

When operating near hlgh-voltage power Unes

Up to 50 10 3 05

Over 50 to 200 15 4 6

Over 200 to 350 20 6 1

Over 350 to 500 25 7 62

Over 500 to 750 35 1 0 67

Over 750 to 1000 45 13 72

While in transit with no load and boom or mast lowered

Up to o 75 4 1 22

Over O 75 to 50 6 1 83

Over 50 to 345 10 3 83

Over 345 to 750 16 4 87

Over 750 to 1000 20 6 10

17
ASME 830.232005

MANDATORY APPENDIX II

PERSONNEL PLATFORM LIFT PLANNING AND AUTHORIZATION FORM

1. Location: Date: _

2. Purpose of Lift: ---------------------------

3. Hoisting Eqpt Mfg: --------- Model # : - - - - - - S e r i a l # : _

4. Expected Radius: (maximum); (at w o r k location)

5. (A) Rated Load at Radius: (B) Maximum Lift Load: [50% of 5(A) 1

6. Platform ID: Platform Rating: -----------

7. Platform Weight: --------- Type: (Pin On) (Suspended) _

8 (A) Number of Platform Occupants: (B) Approx. Wt. (With Equip): _

9. Total Lift Weight: [7 + B ( B ) ] [ N o more than 5(8) above]

10. Personnel Lift Supervisor:------------------------

11. What Are the Alternatives to This Personnel Lift? ----------------

12. Why Are They Not Being Used? _

13. Pre-Lift Briefing Held: .Ll.L A=M.,,.


/
,_ P
M =---

Attendees: -----------------------------

14. Anticipated Hazards (wind, weather, visibility, power l i n e s ) : ------------

15. Lift Accomplished Date: Time: _

16 Remarks: _

Personnel Lift Authorizer Signature Date

18
ASME 830 23-2005

MANDATORV APPENDIX III

PERSONNEL LIFT PLATFORM PRE-LIFT INSPECTION

Date:

Inspector:-----------------

Platform ID:

l . Markings SAT UNSAT

Platform (AII lnformation Legible)

Suspension System

2. Structure

Load S u p p o rt i n g Welds/Bolts

Load S u p p o rt i n g Members

Barrier From Toe Board to lntermediate Rail

Hand Ral

Fall Protection Device Anchorage Points

Gate Locking Mechanisms

Platform Flooring

Suspension Attachment Points

3 Attachment Mechanisms

Pins/Ears/Bolt-Ups/Eyes (Circle)

Wire Rope/Chain/Rigid Leg (Circle)

Master Links

4 Special Purpose ltems

(Overhead Protection, Flotation, Platform Controls)

List: ( 1 ) -------------

(2l

(3)-

5. General Comments: ---------------------------

Personnel Lift Supervisor Signature

19
ASME 8 3 0 . 2 3

INTERPRETATIONS

Replies to Technical lnquiries

May 2000 Through October 2000

FOREWORD

This publication includes ali of the wrilten replies issued between the indicated dates by the

Secretary, speaking for the ASME 630 Committee, Safety Standards for Cableways, Cranes,

Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings, to inquiries concerning interpretations of technical

aspccts of ASME 830 23, Personnel Lifting Systems

These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters except for a few typographical

corrections and sorne minor editorial corrections made far the purpose of irnproved c larity In

sorne instances, a review of the interpretations revealed a need for corrections of a technical

nature In these cases, a corrected interpretation Iollows i mme d i at e ly after the ori g i nal reply.

These interpretations were prepared in accordance w it h the accredited ASME procedures

ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if a dd it ion al

i nfor m ation is av a l a ble that the nquirer believes m ig ht affect the interpretation Further, persons

aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcornmttee

ASME does not "approve." "certfv," " rate ," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietarv

device, or actvity

1-1
ASME 830 232005 231, 232

lnterpretation: 23-1

Subjecl: 830 23-1998, Personnel Lifting Systems, Para 2 3 - 1 1 l ( b )CI O )( h )

Date Issued: May 23, 2000

Question: When using a four-par t bridle with a master link as a suspension system, is it

necessary to individually tag each leg as well as the master link?

Reply: Yes

lnterpretation: 23-2

Subject: 830 23-1998, Personnel lifting Systems, Para 23-2 2 l(b)(l)

Date Issued: October 5, 2000

Question (1 ): Does para 2 2 l(b)(J) require the test load to be placed physically into the platform?

Reply (1): No

Question (2): If the volume requires the test load to be physically inside the platform, is this

the best practice relative to the information provided?

Reply (2): See response to Question (1)

!-2