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Webe-Huawei LTE_

Coverage & Throughput KPI


Clarification
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Throughput KPI Target Summary
Contractual KPI (FDD850:10Mhz & TDD 2600:20Mhz):
KPI Proposed
KPI Type Scenario KPI Parameters KPI (Contractual) Theoretical
(No Backhaul Limitation & Unloading)

10Mhz: 20Mbps N/A


Drive Test Average FTP DL 10Mhz: 20Mbps (Same with Contract)
Moving
KPIs Throughput (Single User)
20Mhz: 30Mbps N/A
20Mhz: 30Mbps (Same with Contract)

10Mhz: 10Mbps N/A


Drive Test Average FTP UL 10Mhz: 10Mbps (Same with Contract)
Moving
KPIs Throughput (Single User)
20Mhz: 6Mbps N/A
20Mhz: 6Mbps (Same with Contract)
10MHz: > 70Mbps
Drive Test Peak FTP DL Throughput 10Mhz: 71.21Mbps 10Mhz: 60mbps
Static
KPIs (Single User) 20MHz: > 80Mbps (Cat3), 20Mhz (3:1) : 20Mhz (3:1):
>110Mbps (Cat4) 79.984 (Cat3), 112.4736 (Cat4) 75Mbps (Cat3), 90Mbps (Cat4)
Drive Test Peak FTP UL Throughput
Static 10MHz: > 22Mbps FDD 10Mhz: 24.8184 Mbps
KPIs (Single User) 10Mhz: 22Mbps

Non-Contractual KPI (FDD850:5Mhz):


KPI Proposed
KPI Type Scenario KPI Parameters Theoretical
(No Backhaul Limitation & Unloading)

Drive Test KPIs Moving Average FTP DL Throughput (Single User) N/A
5Mhz: 9Mbps

Drive Test KPIs Moving Average FTP UL Throughput (Single User) N/A
5Mhz: 4Mbps
Drive Test KPIs Static Peak FTP DL Throughput (Single User) 5Mhz: 33.432Mbps 5Mhz: 28Mbps

Drive Test KPIs Static Peak FTP UL Throughput (Single User) 5Mhz: 10.2576Mbps
5Mhz: 8Mbps

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Throughput Impact Flow (TDD 2600: 20Mhz)
1 Theoretical Throughput
20Mhz

112.47 Mbps Theoretical Peak Throughput Neighboring ON causing interference

90 Mbps SSV Peak Throughput (Static) reduced 20%


SINR impact
(~9dB degradation)
Average Throughput (Mobility)
30 Mbps Median Point from Throughput CDF
2 Peak Throughput (Stationary Testing)
<30 Mbps
Final Average Throughput (Mobility)
subject to network loading
3 Average Throughput (Mobility Testing)
1 2 3 4

Network Loading Impact

4 Final Average Throughput (Mobility Testing)

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Throughput Impact Flow (FDD 850: 10Mhz & 5Mhz)
10Mhz
1 Theoretical Throughput
71.21 Mbps Theoretical Peak Throughput

60 Mbps SSV Peak Throughput (Static) reduced 20%


Neighboring ON causing interference

Average Throughput (Mobility)


20 Mbps SINR impact
Median Point from Throughput CDF
(~9dB degradation)
<20 Mbps Final Average Throughput (Mobility)
subject to network loading

2 Peak Throughput (Stationary Testing)


1 2 3 4
3 Average Throughput (Mobility Testing)
5Mhz

33.43 Mbps Theoretical Throughput Network Loading Impact

28 Mbps SSV Peak Throughput (Static) reduced 20%


4 Final Average Throughput (Mobility Testing)

Average Throughput (Mobility)


9 Mbps Median Point from Throughput CDF
<9 Mbps Final Average Throughput (Mobility)
subject to network loading

1 2 3 4

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SINR Impact with Neighboring
ON & OFF

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SINR when Neighboring ON & OFF
From the cluster drive test result, RSRP almost
remain the same but in average SINR degraded ~9dB
OFF ON
when the neighboring cells are turning ON.
Hence, the throughput will impacted due to
degradation of the SINR.
SINR SINR
Neighbori Neighbori
Coverage Coverage ng OFF ng ON
distance distance (dB) of (dB) of
Neighbor Neighbor cluster cluster
Site Sector OFF ON drive drive
CB0718 Sec 1 1.8km 680m 19.4 9.3
(Wisma Al- Sec 2 1.4km 630m 21.16 14
Azhar) Sec 3 1.7km 900m 19.3 13.41

OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON

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SINR when Neighboring ON & OFF
Testing done in Huawei Earlier

Ncell ON

RSRP of SINR
Serving & degrades
Neighboring 10dB
Cell =0

PCFICH and BCH of Sector 1 will interfere RS of Sector 0.


The RS of Sector 0 and Sector 1 is shifted for 1 subcarrier.
RS are interfere by PCFICH or both PCFICH and BCH of
neighboring sector at different subframe.

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Summary

Testing & study done earlier in Huawei where the location of UE is lies between 2 sectors, different
of 2 sectors RSRP is almost 0. When the neighboring is turning on, SINR degraded from 28dB to 18dB.
SINR vary according to the difference between serving sector RSRP and neighboring sector RSRP.
SINR is greatly impacted when the RSRP of serving cell is the same with neighboring cell regardless
number of neighboring.
When the RSRP difference >24dB according to the study results above, the SINR is not much
impacted when the neighboring cells are turning ON.
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SSV
TDD Peak Throughput

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TDD Peak Theoretical Throughput
Theoretical Single User DL Peak Throughput (Mbps)
Sub-frame
Bandwidth SSP Type CAT3 CAT4
Ratio/DW:UL
SA1/ 2:2 SSP7/ 10:2:2 59.574 82.3232
20M SA2/ 3:1 SSP5/ 3:9:2 61.228 90.4512
SA2/ 3:1 SSP7/ 10:2:2 79.984 112.4736

*RS grid would impact the


MCS while downlink
scheduling

Above throughput didnt exclude the MIB/SIB and PDCCH overhead, in low loading network,
adaptive PDCCH Symbol = 1 and it would reach maximum 3 while heavy signaling loading

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TDD DL Throughput (Single User)
Theoretical=112.4736Mbps

Peak=90Mbps

Typical mature TDD network throughput trending (SINR vs Throughput)


DL/UL 3:1 SSP=7 CAT-4 UE Pa / Pb (-3dB/1) CFI=1 adaptive
Max Downlink throughput cannot go beyond 90mbps while SINR >30 in live network while
neighboring sites on-air

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TDD DL Throughput with Neighbor On / Off
SSV Site with Neighbor On POC Site with Neighbor Off

TDD 20Mhz Peak Throughput with neighbor on and off, DL Peak Throughput would
degrade from 106mbps to 90mbps

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TDD DL Throughput CDF

Typical mature TDD network throughput CDF


Reference network DL/UL 3:1 SSP=7 CAT-4 UE CFI=1 adaptive
Median Point throughput around 27mbps

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TDD Peak DL Throughput Proposal
Proposed DL Peak throughput for SSV (Unloaded
network)
Sub-frame
Bandwidth Ratio/DW:U SSP Type CAT3 CAT4
L
20M SA2/ 3:1 SSP7/ 10:2:2 75mbps 90mbps

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SSV
FDD Peak Throughput

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FDD Peak Theoretical Throughput
Cat4@10Mhz DL
TTI Codewor Theoretical
Discription MCS RB
Count d Throughput
Normal Sub-frame 28 50 775 2 56.8788
0-Subframe (PBCH,SCH) 28 45 100 2 6.5712
Even frame No.5 sub-frame(SIB1,SCH) 28 41 50 2 3.0576
Odd Fram sub-frame(SCH) 28 45 50 2 3.2856
SIB Sub-frameSI-1 28 38 25 2 1.4168
Sum 1000 71.21

Cat4@5Mhz DL
TTI Codewor Theoretical
Discription MCS RB Count d Throughput
Normal Sub-frame 28 25 750 2 27.504
0-Subframe (PBCH,SCH) 27 20 100 2 2.5152
Even frame No.5 sub-frame(SIB1,SCH) 27 14 50 2 0.876
Odd Fram sub-frame(SCH) 28 20 50 2 1.4688
SIB Sub-frameSI-1 27 17 50 2 1.068
Sum 1000 33.432

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FDD Peak Theoretical Throughput
Cat4@10Mhz UL
TTI Theoretical
Discription MCS RB
Count Throughput
Normal Sub-frame 24 48 900 22.9104
Prach Sub-frame(No.1) 24 36 100 1.908
Cell SRS Sub-frame (0/5) 0 0 0 0
Sum 1000 24.8184
Cat4@5Mhz UL
Theoretical
Discription MCS RB TTI Count
Throughput
Normal Sub-frame 24 20 900 9.612
Prach Sub-frame(No.1) 24 12 100 0.6456
Cell SRS Sub-frame
0 0 0 0
(0/5)
Sum 1000 10.2576

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FDD 5Mhz DL Throughput (Single User)
Theoretical=33.432Mbps

Peak=28Mbps

Max Downlink throughput cannot go beyond 25mbps while SINR >30 in live network
while neighboring sites on-air

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FDD 10Mhz DL Throughput (Single User)
Theoretical=71.21Mbps

Peak=60Mbps

Max Downlink throughput cannot go beyond 50mbps while SINR >30 in live network
while neighboring sites on-air

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FDD 10Mhz DL Throughput CDF

Median Point of 10Mhz DL Throughput CDF around 20mbps

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FDD 5Mhz DL Throughput CDF

Median Point of 5Mhz DL Throughput CDF around 9 to 9.5 Mbps

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FDD 10Mhz & 5Mhz UL Throughput (Single User)

Theoretical 10Mhz
=24.82Mbps Peak=22Mbps

Theoretical 5Mhz
=10.26Mbps Peak=10Mbps

Max Uplink throughput cannot go beyond 22mbps for 10Mhz and 10mbps for 5Mhz even
the pathloss <1.
Note: Pathloss = DL RS Power + 10*log (N/2) - DL RSRP; N is transmit antenna number

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FDD Peak Throughput Proposal
KPI SSV KPI FDD 5Mhz FDD 10Mhz
Item Category Scenario KPI Parameters
Type (Contractual) KPI Proposed KPI Proposed

Drive Average FTP DL


Data
SV_05 Test Moving Throughput FDD: 20Mbps
(Integrity)
KPIs (Single User):
9Mbps 20Mbps

Drive Average FTP UL


Data
SV_06 Test Moving Throughput FDD: 10Mbps
(Integrity)
KPIs (Single User):
4Mbps 10Mbps

Drive Peak FTP DL


Data
SV_10 Test Static Throughput 10MHz: > 70Mbps
(Integrity)
KPIs (Single User):
28Mbps 60Mbps

Drive Peak FTP UL


Data
SV_11 Test Static Throughput 10MHz: > 22Mbps
(Integrity)
KPIs (Single User):
8Mbps 22Mbps

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Cluster
Drive Test
Throughput

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Background
During drive testing especially during SSV & cluster optimization, expected to
have 0% network loading to ensure the testing result meeting the contractual
target.

In current Webe network, there are users consist of existing TmGo, I9 and newly
release Webe users.

Different stage of network loading will affect the throughput.

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DL Throughput Per RB (Live Network Unloading)

Throughput varies depending on PRB allocation to UE in live network

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Ampang South Cluster Case

Median SINR=15.3dB from throughput/RB,


suppose to get 11.25Mbps if allocated full
25RBs.
E.g during DT, 20-30% of PRB are
occupied by other users average in all cells.
By average of 80% PRB utilization by test
UE, DL TP=(23RB*0.8)*0.45=8.28Mbps

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Ampang South Cluster

Many factors are affecting average


PDSCH bitrate especially UE is in the
mobility mode.
Most significant factors are network
loading (PRB usage) & radio condition.
Most of the RSRP >-105dBm & SINR
>0dB.
This means this cluster is still having
quite a good radio condition.

From UE DL Max PDSCH vs the UE


PRB Utilization, the trend shows a
similar distribution with TBS rate.
This shows that with the distributed
PRB, UE be able to achieve the
corresponding throughput closer to
3GPP TBS.

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Ampang South Cluster

SINR>4, CQI>7

98.7% UE reports CQI>=7, 85% UE reports


CQI>=10. Modulation from eNodeB is as
below.
Modulation Percentage
16QAM 20.48%
64QAM 71.88%
QPSK 7.65%

UE reports 66% of rank2


Rank %
1 33.44%
2 66.56%

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Ampang South Cluster

From SINR, CQI, MCS analysis earlier, the performance of eNodeB is in healthy condition.
Hence, network loading might be another reason that limited the PRB allocated from
eNodeB especially in good RSRP & SINR.

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Ampang South Cluster
To validate schedule
fairness & resources
usage, multiuser testing
in same RF condition
were conducted earlier.
eNodeB allocate
fairness of RB to all
users where all user
having equal
throughputs.

In live network, users


are allocated in
different RF condition.
eNodeB will allocate
RBs accordingly to all
users.

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Ampang South Cluster
In hourly OSS stats, all
cells/sites are having PRB
utilization from existing traffic
even not in drive test window.

E.g. CB0679_Kemboja having


high PRB utilization comparing
to other sites.

Higher PRB utilization will be


noticed in real time if those cells
are traced as hourly OSS is
averaging the utilization in an
hour.

Overall Active User

Active User Per Site

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Cluster
Drive Test
Coverage

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Drive Test Coverage KPI Requirement

There are RSRP & SINR KPI evaluation under Coverage & Quality category. The KPIs are:
SSV: SV_01, SV_02
PAC & FAC: PV_01, PV_02
SAC: GV_01, GV_02
SSO: OV_01, OV_02

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DT Route vs Coverage Plot Ratio (Golden Cluster)
DT route is designed base on coverage
plot with RSRP>-105dBm, which is P1
criteria.
UE is moving within RSRP<-105dBm
according to DT route designed. Hence,
there is much possibility of UE moving
out to area RSRP <-85dBm.
Dependent on the ratio, RSRP samples
is not reasonable to achieve >-85dBm
(Urban) as required even when
evaluating the DT route designed.
Ratio of DT Route vs Coverage
Blue Line: >-105dBm Polygon
Orange Line: >-85dBm Polygon RSRP >= -85dBm = 46.77%
Grey Line: DT Route
RSRP < -85dBm = 53.23%

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Coverage Evaluation base on Network Planning

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Appendix

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Throughput KPI Proposal
KPI KPI SSV KPI FDD 5Mhz FDD 10Mhz TDD 20Mhz
Category Scenario
Type Parameters (Contractual) KPI Proposed KPI Proposed KPI Proposed
No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation:
Average FTP
9Mbps 20Mbps 30Mbps
Drive DL
Data FDD: 20Mbps; 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul:
Test Moving Throughput
(Integrity) TDD: 30Mbps; 9Mbps 15Mbps 20Mbps
KPIs (Single
10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul:
User):
5Mbps 5Mbps 5Mbps

Average FTP No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation:


Drive UL 4Mbps 10Mbps 6Mbps
Data FDD: 10Mbps; 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul:
Test Moving Throughput
(Integrity) TDD: 6Mbps; 4Mbps 10Mbps 6Mbps
KPIs (Single
User): 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul:
4Mbps 4Mbps 4Mbps
10MHz: >
70Mbps No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation:
Peak FTP DL
Drive 20MHz: > 28Mbps 60Mbps 90Mbps
Data Throughput
Test Static 80Mbps 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul:
(Integrity) (Single
KPIs (Cat3), 27Mbps 28Mbps 27Mbps
User):
>110Mbps 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul:
(Cat4) 9Mbps 9Mbps 8Mbps
No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation: No Backhaul Limitation:
Peak FTP UL 10MHz: > 8Mbps 22Mbps 9Mbps
Drive
Data Throughput 22Mbps 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul: 30MB Tx Backhaul:
Test Static
(Integrity) (Single 20MHz: > 8Mbps 22Mbps 9Mbps
KPIs
User): 9Mbps 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul: 10MB Tx Backhaul:
8Mbps 8Mbps 8Mbps

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Thank you
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Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.


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regarding the future financial and operating results, future product portfolio, new technology, etc. There are a
number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or
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constitutes neither an offer nor an acceptance. Huawei may change the information at any time without notice.