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THE TENSES - ALL AT ONCE

SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT SIMPLE PERFECT CONTINUOUS


Forms: Forms: Forms: Forms:
Verb (Without to) To be + verb ending in -ing To have (or has) + Past Participle To have been (or has been) + Verb ending in
Add -s or -es for She, He and it. Ex: Ex: -ing
Also made with do or does I am writing a novel. He is looking for a job. I have seen that movie before. You have Ex:
Ex: They are singing at the club. done that many times. I have been living in Catalunya for 3 years.
PRESENT

I live here She lives here Common Adverbs and Expressions: Common Adverbs and Expressions: Common Adverbs and Expressions:
He does live here Now, right now, at the moment, at this time Just, ever, never, recently, yet, already, For, since
Common Adverbs and Expressions: Uses: before, for, since Uses:
Usually, Often, Rarely, Hardly Ever, Always, 1. An action in progress right now. I am Uses: 1. Recent repeated actions in time I have
Occasionally, Seldom, Never, Frequently watching TV. 1. A past action with a result in the present been going to Galicia every summer.
Uses: 2. An action happening around now. Its I have lost the keys. I cant find them.
1. Facts Im a young man. getting serious in Ukraine. 2. An action started but its not finished yet
2. Likes, opinions I like football. 3. An intention, plans. Im leaving for We have been friends since forever.
3. Routines, habits I drink coffee every Baltimore tomorrow. 3. Experiences I have never done
morning. skydiving before.
4. Condition and time clauses. You will 4. A finished action but unfinished period
have dessert if you study first. Ive seen him this afternoon.
Forms: Forms: Forms: Forms:
Verb in the past form (ending with -ed for To be + Verb ending in -ing Had + Past Participle Had been + Verb ending in -ing
the regulars). Ex: Ex: Ex:
Also made with did + verb in present form I was living in France last year. You were I had eaten already when you came I had been waiting for this day for years.
Ex: watching TV when I called. home. Common Adverbs and Expressions:
I lived here I took the book Common Adverbs and Expressions: Common Adverbs and Expressions: For, since
PAST

I did live here Yesterday, still, at this time yesterday, the whole By, when, by the time Uses:
Common Adverbs and Expressions: day Uses: 1. An action that had been taking place
Yesterday, the day before, last, the other day, Uses: 1. An action which had finished before and was interrupted in the past I had
before, ago 1. An action in progress in the past I was some other action happened in the been cleaning that building for years until
Uses: studying for my test. past. I had left already when she they fired me.
1. A finished action in the past I ate pasta 2. Two or more parallel actions You were called. 2. Show cause and effect in the past She is
yesterday. eating when I came home. tired because she had been studying for
2. Several actions in the past I got home, hours.
ate dinner and went to sleep.
Forms: Forms: Forms: Forms:
Will + Verb in the present form. Will be + verb ending in -ing Will have + Past Participle Will have been + Verb ending in -ing
To be + going to + verb in the present form. To be + going to be + verb ending in -ing To be + going to have + Past Participle To be + going to have been + verb ending in
Ex: Ex: Ex: -ing
I will study for the text. You are going to be I will be waiting for you right here. I will have done it by 5pm. Im going to Ex:
ok. Im going to be waiting for you right here. have worked there for 6 years now. I will have been living here for 6 years
FUTURE

Common Adverbs and Expressions: Common Adverbs and Expressions: Common Adverbs and Expressions: tomorrow. Im going to have been living
Tomorrow, soon, next week, someday At this time tomorrow, still, the whole day For, before, by here for 6 years tomorrow.
Uses: tomorrow Uses: Common Adverbs and Expressions:
1. Decisions I will buy a car. Uses: 1. An action finished before other action For, in, as
2. Offers I will help you. 1. An action will be in progress at some point in the future. Ill have eaten by 4pm. Uses:
3. Prediction The economy will collapse. in the future. I will be living in the US next 2. An action that will keep going on. Ill 1. An action will continue to go on in the
4. Plans Im going to eat pizza. summer. have lived in the US for 4 years future She will have been studying
tomorrow. English for 5 years in April.
2. Show cause and effect in the future -
Shell be fine in York as shell have been
living there for 2 years next April.