Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

-, 30 3 2011 .

.. , .
ALSTOM GRID,

oleg.bagleybter@alstom.com

, ,
, .

1
NCIT
[1], , 5-10
() -
,
. ,
,
. , ,
[2].
:
I s R (1 + X R)
Vx > , (1)
1 REM p.u.
Vx - ,
I s - ( .., ),
R - ,
.
X R - ,
REM p.u . - .
(1) 18 [2] ,
.

P, TPS, TPX IEC, ,
K ANSI. [2]
80%. ,
, .
10% saturation flux density

1

-, 30 3 2011 .

60% (knee-point voltage) [2],


.
20 (
), :
I s R 21
Vx > = 105 I s R .
1 0.8
, ..

.. (1)
105.
65, 330.
()
, ,
, 100% , ,
,
.
,
[3].
,
.

.
[4], .

,
,

[5].
,

[6].

2
2.1
,
I BIAS
I DIFF .THR. , .
, I TR. BIAS
.
,

. , ..
, ,
.
,
[7].

,
.. .
(
),

2

-, 30 3 2011 .

I TR. BIAS ,
.
n-
I TR. BIAS :
I DIFF .THR. ( n) = SLOPE (I BIAS (n) ) + ITR.BIAS (n) , (2)
I DIFF .THR. (n) - . ,
SLOPE (I BIAS (n) ) -
, MiCOM P543-P546 (. 1).
I DIFF

..
K2
R > K2

[I BIAS (n), I DIFF (n)]

.. R < K 2
K1
I S1 [I BIAS (n), I DIFF (n)]

[I BIAS (n 1), I DIFF (n 1)] I BIAS


IS2

. 1: ..

I TR. BIAS
, R:
I DIFF (n) = I DIFF (n) I DIFF (n 1) , (3)
I BIAS (n) = I BIAS (n) I BIAS (n 1) , (4)
R = I DIFF (n) I BIAS (n) . (5)
:
R < K i I BIAS ( n) > 0 (6)
ITR. BIAS (n) = D ITR.BIAS (n 1) + S I BIAS (n) , (7)

ITR. BIAS (n) = D ITR. BIAS (n 1) , (8)
K i - ( K1 K 2
[I BIAS (n), I DIFF ( n)] ),
S - ,
D - , D < 1.
MiCOM P543-546
8 / 400 50 .
, (20 )
D 8 ( (6)
). D = 0.8 , 20 D 8 = 0.1678
17% .
.
2.2 SIMULINK.

, MATLAB/SIMULINK

3

-, 30 3 2011 .

- (Jiles-Atherton).
RTDS PSCAD [8],
. . 2 ,
. 3.
:
= 10/1, 1,
VK = 160.

. 2: .

. 3: .

. 4 ,
.

I DIFF .THR.
I DIFF

I TR .BIAS

I DIFF .THR.
I DIFF

. 4: .

4

-, 30 3 2011 .


anti-aliasing , .
Simulink,
MiCOM P543-P546.
2.3 RTDS .
c

RTDS Real Time Digital Simulation. :
1. .. (
) X R .
2.
VK .
3. MiCOM P543-P546, -
.

..
. RL ( )
0.1 16 ( 38 ).
,
Rlim , RL
.
..
.

. ..

(
)
(
). . 5 . 6.
,
(6 MiCOM P543-P546)
.
(. . 1):
IS1 = 0.2 ..
IS2 = 2 ..
K1 = 30%
K2 = 100% 150%

. 5: .

5

-, 30 3 2011 .

B, T

H , A/m

. 6: B-H.

K2 = 150%
Rlim
:
1. VK : 40-320
2. If : 2-50 .
3. X/R: 5-120
4. : A-N, B-C, A-B-C
5. .. POW (point on wave): 0-150
K2 = 150% 3967
1915 .
6- , . 5.
2.4 RTDS.
RTDS ,
MATLAB.
,
.., ..
..
Rlim ..
K,
.
VK
K= , (9)
I n ( 2 Rlim + 0.5)
VK - ,
I n - (1),
(2 Rlim + 0.5) -
( 0.5).
.. If X/R
, .. POW
. [If , X/R]
K .. POW ( ).
56 K [If , X/R].

MATLAB ( 10%):
K = 1.1 A( I f ) B ( X R ) , (10)
A( I f ) B ( X R ) . 7 . 8.

6

-, 30 3 2011 .

I f , p.u.

. 7: .

. 8: .

. 7 (< 5 ..)
.
.
, ..,
, X/R.

VK :
VK K I n R . (11)
:
.. If = 30 , X/R = 25, = 3000/5,
R = 3. . 7 . 8 A = 34.5, B = 1.44
,
1.1 34.5 1.44 5 3 = 820
VK 820 .
2.5
MiCOM
P543-P546 ( ) :
( I f X R ) 1000 :
K = max(65, 40 + 0.07 ( I f X R) ),
1000 < ( I f X R ) 1600 :
K = 107 .

7

-, 30 3 2011 .

1
.. .

If , .. X/R K K %
c

5 5 65 29 -55%
10 10 65 43 -34%
20 20 68 63 -7%
30 30 103 78 -24%
40 40 107 92 -14%
40 65 --- 110 ---
. 1: MiCOM P543-P546.

3
.

.
MATLAB/SIMULINK.

RTDS, ALSTOM GRID
.

.

[1] Richards S., Chatrefou D., Tholomier D., Gilles F.


IEC
61850-9.2 //
: - .
.: - , 2009, . 282-290.
[2] IEEE Guide for the Application of Current Transformers Used for Protective Relaying Purposes.
IEEE Std C37.110-2007.
[3] Kang Y.C., Yun J.S., Lee B.E., Kang S.H., Jang S.I., Kim Y.G. Busbar differential protection in
conjunction with a current transformer compensating algorithm // IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.,
2008, 2, (1), pp. 100109.
[4] Coordination of Relays and Conventional Current Transformers. CIGRE Report, CIGRE_B5.02
Draft 10a, August 2005.
[5] .. .
. .: , 1989.
[6] Sonneman, WK, A high speed differential relay for generator protection // Trans. AIEE, 59,
1940, pp. 608-612.
[7] Pradeep K.G., Tarlochan S.S. Current Differential Protection Relays. US Patent Application
Publication No.: US 2009/0009181 A1, 2008.
[8] Annakkage U. D., McLaren P. G., Dirks E., Jayasinghe R. P., Parker A. D. A current
transformer model based on the Jiles-Atherton theory of ferromagnetic hysteresis // IEEE
Transaction on Power Delivery, Vol.15, No.1, 2000, pp. 57-61.

Оценить