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(IGBT)

..


(IGBT - Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors) -
, .

. .1 IGBT.

. 1. . 2.
IGBT IGBT

IGBT 80-
.

I IGBT (1985 .): 1000 200


25 , 3,0-3,5 ,
5 ( / 1 ).

II (1991 .): 1600 , 500 50


; 2,5-3,0 , 20 (
/ 0,5 ).

III (1994 .): 3500 , 1200 .


1800 600 1,5-2,2
, 50 ( 200 ).

IV (1998 .): 4500 , 1800


; 1,0-1,5 , 50 ( 200
).

IGBT --
, (MOSFET-Metal-Oxid-Semiconductor-Field-Effect-
Transistor) :
( ) ( ).
. 2.
E () C (), - G ().

, IGBT : , , .
(D), (S) .
:
.
. 3.

IGBT . 4,.
p+ (), n (), p (); - n (), n+ ()
(). p+ p , . ,
. . 4, IGBT IV ,
"" (trench-gate technology),
p- .

. 4. IGBT: - (); -
"trench-gate technology"

IGBT :
( n -
). n p
. ,
.

IGBT 600-1200
, , 1,5-3,5
. , MOSFET
.

, MOSFET c 200
, IGBT ,
50 .

IGBT MOSFET, .
IGBT
0,2-0,4 0,2-1,5 , .

IGBT
10 20
.
, .
, MOSFET
500 , IGBT
( 3500 ).

IGBT-
IGBT , ,
("Mitsubishi", "Siemens", "Semikron" .)
("Toshiba Semiconductor Group").

. .
.
. 5.

. 5. IGBT-: 1 - ; 2 - ; 3 -
; 4 -

IGBT , - .
.
IGBT . ""
(), IGBT, " "
, ,
, ,
. IGBT
- ()
.
.

IGBT- IGBT,
(half-bridge), IGBT (),
(chopper), IGBT ,
. , , IGBT
. IGBT-
. 6.

. 6. IGBT-

, , - ,
.
AlN
,
,
"", ,
, ,
().

(MMC-Metal Matrix Composite)


, , , . MMC
(MMC-150 /(*), Cu-370, Al-200, Si-80), (MMC-7, Cu-17, Al-23,
Si-4, -7, AlN-7), ,
, .
"" (-
) 100 .


( 1,2 , 3,5 )
IGBT- , SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier) GTO -
press-pack technology, 10
, .
IGBT- "Toshiba"(PP HV IGBT-press pack high voltage
IGBT).

IGBT

-220 -247 ("Fullpak")
( 70 ).
, , ,
.
25 ( 1200 )
600 ( 600 ).

: ,
.
,
.

-220 -247
.
50 %
IGBT .
,
,
.

, ,
, .
.
200 , 600
-247.
50 -247.
,
,
1 1,5
.


,
,
.


.
.
100 .
.
, .
.
.


,
.

, 20% .
,
.


, .
"Fullpak" (Int-A-Pak, Dual-Int-A-Pak, IMS, SOT, Co-Packs, ZIP, DIP,
Flange-B ) .
.
,
, .
,
.
.

, ,
.
,
.
,
, .

,
.
. , 15%
, ,
.
. 7.

.
. 7.
( ): 1 - ; 2 -
; 3 - ; 4 -

IGBT-

IGBT-
( "", "" ).
IGBT-, NPT (Non punch through) .
IGBT - , , du /dt ,
,
.
, IGBT-
.
,
. .

- ( ) (2) ,
( - ). ,
""
(FRD ).

IGBT- ( 34 ) 25, 50
75 2 15 .
( 62 ) 100, 150 200
20 60 . IGBT- ( 62
) 200, 320 400 60 200 .

1998 ""
IGBT- 1200 3300 ;
IGBT - ,
, .

IGBT-
"Mitsubishi", "International Rectifier", "Hitachi" (. . 9).

-
(Ic) 50 1000 (UCE) 250 1700 . 600
, 600 - .
( 2000 .) 1,5 9,0 . ./.
10 (
).
IGBT-
,
(. .8), ,
, , .

. 8. ONIX 3000 IGBT-


AM96 3

IGBT - .
,
,
.
IGBT () -200,
" C" 6.

IGBT ( ,
)
Heathrow Express (HEX).

. 9. IGBT- MBN1200D33 Hitachi


IBGT
.
IGBT :

( , 5-7
);
;
;
;
, ;
"" IGBT ( )
;
, MMC (AlSiC)
;
SiC ;
- .