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KONE CPD Presentation

Lifts in
Construction
&
Modernisation
Presenter: name
Date: xx xx 2016
KONE in Brief

Innovation & Insight Scale & Experience Secure & Stable


Industry-leading lifts, One of the leading companies Net sales EUR 7.3 billion
escalators and automatic in its industry
building doors KONE is listed on the
Founded in Finland in 1910 NASDAQ OMX Helsinki
Innovative solutions for since 1967
maintenance and Operates worldwide
modernisation
47,000 employees

2 10/12/2016 Confidential | KONE Corporation | CPD Presentation | Lifts version 4.0


Residential Office Retail Hotel Special Buildings Medical Infrastructure

Passenger Lifts
Service/Goods Lifts
Car Park Lifts
Fire Lifts
Scenic Lifts Glass Shaft Lifts
Dumb Waiters
Bed Lifts
Helipad Lifts
Construction Time Lifts
Escalators
Moving Walkways
Building Doors, Loading Docks, Gates and Barriers
Monitoring Solutions
Access and Destination Control Solutions

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Foreword

This presentation is The vast majority of new Elements that are not
centred around the lifts today are of the directly concerned with
relationship of building machine room less the design have been
design and lifts, and the (MRL) traction type. omitted.
rules and regulations that
governs lifts and the
interaction with the
building fabric.

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Learning Aims
Lifts

BS EN81-1/2 (A3)

EN81-70 Accessibility

EN81-20/50 Accessibility

BS8300 : 2009 Accessibility

EN81-71 Vandal Resistance

EN81-72 Fire Fighting

BS9999 : 2008 Fire Regulation

BREEAM / Sustainability

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Directive for the safety rules for the construction and
installation of lifts
EN81-1 2004 AS AMENDED

Harmonises the safety standards for:

Shaft Safety Passenger


Accessibility User Interfaces
Design And Engineer

Use By Persons Testing And


Fire Fighting Vandal Resistance
With A Disability Maintenance

The above list is not exhaustive and may not directly impact on design but this
document is the principle document for all new lifts in the UK since 1998

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The Lift Shaft

Different
Function Vibration
manufactures

Shaft
Different loads Noise Construction
Material

Size Number Location

Headroom Pit

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Legally Required Refuge Space

Will affect design and


building aesthetics
Headroom height affected by
shaft size, car speed and size

No other services allowed in


500mm x 600mm x 1000mm space
lift shaft

Pit depth affected by speed


and size Physically protects
maintenance engineer
or insurance inspector

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New Standards in Design and Safety for Passengers and Service Technicians
EN81-20 and EN81-50
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Lift Standards EN 81-20 and EN 81-50
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Main European safety standard for lifts EN 81-1/-2, have been extensively revised and
published as two new standards, EN 81-20 and EN 81-50.

The old standard was more than 15 years old, so there was a clear need to update the
safety and accessibility requirements.

The new standards introduce many changes including several important safety related
Benefits for customers and service technicians.

All new lift installations put into service after 31st August 2017 must
comply with the new requirements as described in
EN 81-20/-50.

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Safety Requirements For Passengers
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Protection against Unintended Car Movement Preventing door striking the passengers when
(UCM), with open doors entering or leaving the lift car

Detection device to open the door before striking the passenger.


The lift car will not move unintended when the lift doors are Curtain of light (COL) as mandatory - a non-contact detection
open system that is designed to prevent the doors from closing if an
obstruction is detected

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Safety Requirements For Passengers
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Prevision against possible fall into the lift well due to Higher requirements for strength of landing and car
self-rescue doors

Addition of door retainers to keep the door panels in place if the


Passengers are not able to open the car door from inside the main guiding elements do not operate as intended
car when the car is outside the unlocking

To withstand an impact force of 1000N

To be tested to withstand an impact force equivalent to the


impact of a person colliding with the door at running

Higher requirements for strength of landing and car


doors

Withstand 1000N which is equivalent to a person pushing


against them

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Safety Requirements For Passengers and Service Technicians
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Higher level of car lighting to enhance safety and


accessibility of the passengers

100 lux (instead of 50 lux)


Emergency in car 5 lux for 1h (instead of 1w for 1h)
Emergency on car roof 5 Lux for 1h

Higher level of shaft lighting

Minimum 50 lux 1 metre above the car roof within its vertical
projection
Minimum 50 lux 1 metre above the pit floor everywhere a
person can stand, work, and/or move between the working
areas
Minimum 20 lux outside of the locations defined above,
excluding shadows created by car or components

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Safety Requirements For Service Technicians
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Higher requirements for access to pit and machine rooms, e.g.


ladders

Dimensions, strength and location has been defined


For a pit depth more than 2.5m an access door to pit must be provided

Control station in the pit to avoid using ladders and stools to


reach car components

Control station must be near the refuge spaces


A Reset function must be outside the shaft

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Safety Requirements For Service Technicians
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Control station must be near the refuge spaces


A Reset function must be outside the shaft

For balustrade of 1100 mm, distance between car wall and


the lift well reduced
Strength of the balustrade is defined

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Safety Requirements For Service Technicians
EN81-20 and EN81-50

Doors for access, inspection and rescue Horizontal projection into the shaft

Where there is no car roof balustrade and ledges exist in the


Inspection traps deleted and replaced with access or
shaft greater than to prevent persons from standing in these
inspection doors
areas

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Changes Affecting Building Design
EN81-20 and EN81-50

The EN 81-20:2014 standard introduces some changes to the requirements that the building designer is required to fulfill

Shaft Strength : All glass used in the well must be laminated


Shaft elements Force Area applied Deflection
1mm permanent
Shaft walls (other than glass) 1000N 0,3m x 0,3m
15mm elastic

Glass shaft walls 1000N 0,3m x 0,3m No permanent deformation

Access , inspection and emergency doors in well 1000N 0,3m x 0,3m 15mm elastic

Shaft Ventilation : This is now the responsibility of the building designer. The lift manufacturer must provide all the
necessary information about, for example, the heat emissions of lift components

Shaft Safety : Fire extinguishers can be located in the shaft. Activation of the sprinkler shall only be possible, when the
lift is stationary at a landing and the main switches of the lift and lighting circuits are automatically switched
off by the fire or smoke detection system

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Accessibility to lifts including persons with a disability
EN81-70
EN81-70: Accessibility
EN81-70

TYPE 2 - minimum car sizes


TYPE 1 minimum car sizes TYPE 3 - minimum car sizes
for public use
Min 1100mm Min 2000mm
Min 1000mm

Min 1400mm
3

Min 1400mm
Min 1250mm

Lift Types:

Min 800mm Min 900mm* (BS8300) Min 1100mm


Rec 900/1000mm Rec 1000mm
450kg / 6 Person 630kg / 8 Person 1,275kg / 17 Person

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Lift Lobby & Waiting Areas

500mm minimum

1500mm square waiting area


1500mm minimum

NOTE: disabled refuge blocking access/egress

Consider evacuation and fire fighting lobbies

1500mm minimum

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Design Aspirations

DDA compliant interiors

Sympathetic to the building scheme

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Sympathetic to the building scheme
Design of Buildings and Their Approaches to Meet the Needs
of Disabled People. (Code of Practice)
BS8300: 2009

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Design of Buildings and Their Approaches to Meet the Needs
of Disabled People
BS8300: 2009

BS8300 considers the entire building

Lifts must serve all floors including those below ground.

Disabled access platform can be considered as alternatives for conventional


lifts ONLY in an existing building and not for new construction.

All lift lobbies must be lit at 100lux minimum and any workspace to 200lux minimum

BS8300 and EN81-70 conflict on the issue of mirrors.

BS8300 asks for light coloured high LRV floor to assist blind in not
thinking they are stepping into open shaft.

1,275kg lift 2000mm by 1400mm should have twin Car Operating Panels.

Lift waiting area must not block escape routes.

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BS8300 continued

Sports facilities have their own individual


requirements for lift sizes

Lifts that may contain sports wheel chairs then the


configuration of 2000mm wide by 1400mm deep with a
clear entrance width of 1200mm must be adopted.

In all but the smallest multi storey sports hall,


2 full access lifts should be provided.

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Vandal Resistant Passenger and Goods Lifts
EN81-71: 2005

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Vandal Resistant Lifts
EN81-71: 2005

Observed General Unobserved General


Public Potential Vandals
There are three Public
categories for vandal
resistance and will only
impact on the aesthetic
outcome of the lift.
EN81-71 Category 0 EN81-71 Category 1 EN81-71 Category 2

Custodial Judicial Hotels Airports Retail Housing


Applications Applications Applications Applications

This regulation credibly determines the heavy duty and mechanical qualities of the lift.

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Vandal Resistant Lifts
EN81-71: 2005

Stainless steel fixtures and fittings

Ideal for custodial/judiciary applications as well


as pure vandal environments.

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Rules for the Improvement of Safety of Existing Passenger and Goods Passenger
Lifts
EN81-80

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Improvement of Safety of Existing Passenger and Goods
Passenger Lifts
EN81-80

More than 3 million lifts are in use today in the EU and almost 50 % were installed more than 20 years ago.

Existing lifts were installed to the safety level appropriate at that time. This level is less than todays state of the art
for safety.

Employers have a duty under the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable,
the health, safety and welfare of their employees at work.

People in control of non-domestic premises have a duty under the Act towards people who are not their employees
but use their premises.

The objective of the standard is to raise the level of safety on older lifts to match that of new lifts. Building owners will
benefit from the reduction in the likelihood of accident claims.

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Improvement of Safety of Existing Passenger and Goods
Passenger Lifts
EN81-80 Hazard Examples
EN81-80

Location
Priority

Failure of suspension, rupture of hydraulic


Cause piping, oil leakage, etc
Situation:
No or inadequate
High
R54A

Car

protection against free


Consequence Car crushes into pit, persons crushed
fall, over speed and
creeping on hydraulic lifts
Persons are trapped in car due to loss of
Cause power supply
Medium

No or inadequate
R46

Car

emergency lighting in car


Consequence Panic, claustrophobia

No or inadequate Maintenance / inspection person gets in


protection means on Cause contact with sheaves or pulleys
Machinery
Medium

sheaves, pulleys and


R47

sprockets against injury


Consequence Fingers or part of clothes trapped

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Fire Fighting Lifts
EN81-72: 2003

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Fire Fighting Lifts
EN81-72: 2003

Fire protected lobbies


Fire & rescue service
access level
Evacuation

Water management

Dual power supply

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Shaft Separation and Fire Protected Lobbies

1 Hr fire refuge areas for evacuation and fire control

Imperforate dividing fire wall

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Fire Fighting Lifts & Water

1500 litres per minute


Fire protected
stair cores

Fire protected lift


lobbies on all levels

Water should be encouraged away from lift shafts and cascading down stair cores

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Fire Safety in the Design, Management and Use of Buildings
BS9999: 2008

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Fire Safety in the Design, Management and Use of Buildings
BS9999: 2008

FRSAL Fire and Important


Water entering lift Note:
Rescue Service Fire Fighting Lift Fire Fighting Lobby
shaft BS9999:2008
Access Level
Salient Superseded the
following
Design Standards as of
Topics: Secondary power April 2009.
Phased/Progressive BS5588 Parts
Fire Fighting Shaft Evac Annex G supply for Evac
Evacuation 0/5/6/7/8/9/
and F/F 10/11/12

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Dealing with Water
EN81-72 AND BS9999

Lift door
threshold drain

25mm threshold
ramp

Pit mounted sump


and pump

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When Should Fire Fighting Lifts be Considered

Consider access to F/F lift from the


outside world and the 45m and 60m
hose criteria for F/F lift shaft location

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Fire Rescue Service Access Level
FRSAL

6 Fire door

5 Fire fighting lift

4 Fire protected lift doors

3 Fire protected lobby

2 Fire door

1 Door to external atmosphere

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The Environment

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Green Buildings on the Rise

Buildings account for 40% of


the worlds energy
consumption, and Lifts
account for 2-10% of a
buildings energy
consumption. Green building
certifications like LEED and
BREEAM are increasing the
demand for eco-efficient
Lifts and escalators.

Green construction
market size
Billion

Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Dept of Energy, various


other sources. Calculated and estimated by SBI energy

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Five Ways to Make an Lift Eco-Efficient

A green hoisting system


1 50-70% energy savings compared
to conventional technology

Regenerative drive
Up to 35% energy savings 2

Eco-efficient lighting
3 80% more efficient than
halogen lights

Standby solutions
Saving energy when the lift
is not in use
4
Destination control system
5 optimises traffic, reducing the size
and amount of lifts

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Five Ways to Make an Escalator Eco-Efficient

The lubrication-free step chain saves oil, reduces LED lights save 80% energy compared to conventional
1 chain wear, and decreases fire risk 4 lighting technologies

Reduced operational speed 0.4 m/s with an


Regenerative solutions recover energy created
2 when the escalator is used saving up to 60% energy. 5 inverter can have energy savings up to 10% depending
on passenger traffic, load, motor and drive

Eco-efficient operation can save up to 50% energy by


3 slowing down or stopping the escalator when it is not in use
or increasing the efficiency of the motor when traffic is low.

4
3 2

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Eco-efficient Solutions for Lifts, Escalators, and Automatic
Building Doors
hoisting machine

Regenerative solution

LED lighting

Standby solutions
Lubrication-free step chain
Destination control system
Regenerative solution

Eco-efficient operation

Eco-efficient sliding door

Escalator modernisation

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Eco Efficiency
CUTTING YOUR BUILDINGS CARBON FOOTPRINT

KONE has always been renowned for our revolutionary eco-efficient technology. Our renewed lift solutions improves
upon our already industry-leading energy consumption levels by an additional 35%.
More efficient hoisting machinery
The completely renewed KONE EcoDisc hoisting motor and highly efficient drive system delivers even better energy
efficiency, helping to reduce both operating costs and your buildings carbon footprint.

Eco-efficient regenerative drive


Our latest regenerative drive recycles energy for immediate reuse within the building and cuts consumption by up to 20%.

Long lasting LED lighting


As well as being 80% more efficient than halogen lighting, LED lighting also lasts 10 times longer.

More advanced stand by solutions


Upgraded standby solutions power down the equipment when it is not in use, providing substantial energy savings

Eco-efficient KONE lift solutions can also help in achieving green building accreditations such as LEED or BREEAM
certification.
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Traffic Calculations During Initial Design Phase

Lift performance summary Lift performance summary

Building name: Example for Mr Smith Building name: Example for Mr Smith

Calculated performance: Traffic type: Two-way Calculated performance: Traffic type: Incoming
Car load factor: 20.0 % Car load factor: 21.0 %
Round trip time: 69.2 s Round trip time: 51.1 s
Handling capacity: 13.9 persons / 5 min Handling capacity: 32.0 persons / 5 min
Relative handling capacity: 7.7 % / 5 min () Relative handling capacity: 15.3 % / 5 min (Good)
Interval: 69.2 s () Interval: 25.6 s (Good)
Nominal travel time: 18.0 s (Excellent) Nominal travel time: 11.3 s (Excellent)
Performance rating: Performance rating:
Illustration shows
Lift information: Lifts in group: 1 Comparison between Lift information: Lifts in group: 2
Rated car load: 8 persons Rated car load: 13 persons
Rated speed: 1 m/s 3 individual 8 person lifts as Rated speed: 1.6 m/s
Acceleration: 0.6 m/s opposed to a duplex pair of Acceleration: 0.6 m/s
Door opening type: Centre Door opening type: Centre
Door width: 800 mm 13 person lifts. Potentially Door width: 900 mm
Door closing time: 2.8 s Door closing time: 2.4 s
Door opening time: 1.9 s
saving build, procurement Door opening time: 1.2 s
Transfer time: 2.6 s and running costs. Transfer time: 2.3 s

Building information: Building type: Residential Building information: Building type: Office
Populated floors: 1 to 6 Tenancy: One company
Total populated floors: 6 Working hours: Flexible working hours
Total population: 180 persons Populated floors: 1 to 6
Entrance floors: 0 to 0 Total populated floors: 6
Total entrance floors: 1 Total population: 210 persons
Total number of floors: 7 Entrance floors: 0 to 0
Total travel: 18.000 m Total entrance floors: 1
Typical floor height: 3.000 m Total number of floors: 7
Total travel: 18.000 m
Typical floor height: 3.000 m

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Learning outcomes Tips for avoiding costly and timely design changes.
Advanced design information.
Accessibility Vandal resistance Early project discussion.
Code compliance.
Fire fighting BREEAM/sustainability Traffic analysis not too many or too few lifts.
Energy assessments.
Evacuation Traffic analysis Specification analysis

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Thank You!

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