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11

-
:
24 ()

12
P 400 ()
().
R 900

2-

1. ................................................................................................ 1
2. .............................. 3
3. ....................................... 7
4. ................................................................. 8
5. - ........... 9
......................................................................................... 10
1.


10 50 .
.

- .
,
, - . ,

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,
.
,
:
1)

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2)
,

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,
, 0.3
.
,
. . .
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. ..
.
, , ,
.
,
().
,

() .
, ,
. (
)
. 2000 ...
3000 ,
.

2.

R (
).
, (. 1),
- .

. 1
H 250 , 800


6
(
)


2 18

9
4 sin ( )
.

0.25 < L < 0.65 .
0.25 6
L 11 0.65 7.8

. 2
r
0.25 ... 0,75 , n = ... 8.
r 0.6

n 8
, ( 2 ...
5 ).
r 0.003

r, .. ,
, ,
:
n
r
r r n r 0.401
r
(
)

W 120 ln 1
L
W 277.33
r
,


l / , K d K l.

.

39 210 0.2
120 280 0.3

200 510 0.4 .
200 90 0.5

R11 120 X11 285 l 0.6
88 200 0.7

150 300 0.8
240 700 0.9

262 700 1
- ,

.
vs cspline l R11 vv cspline l X11

q ( l) interp vs l R11 l

qq ( l) interp vv l X11 l
l 0.2 0.21 1
280
260
240
220
200
180
160
R11
140
q ( l) 120
100
0.25 X11 80
60
0.25 qq ( l)
40
20
0
20
40
60
80
100
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
l l l l

. 3
l / ,
L
l l 0.917

L
l l 0.611

L
l l 0.458

R11
.
R11 q ( l) R11 251.039
R11 q ( l) R11 112.095
R11 q ( l) R11 212.611
X11 qq ( l) X11 733.575
X11 qq ( l) X11 301.314
X11 qq ( l) X11 308.327
, R11 X11 ,
R12 12.
,
, .

. Mathcad
10, ,
.
R12 kl = 45o, 60o, 75o, 90o, 105o, 120o, 135o, 150o.
j 0 7
k 0 9

7 20 42 73 112 151 185 210 0



5 13 31 46 71 98 112 129 80
0 2 4 6 8 11 14 15 160

2.5 6 14.5 25 38 53 66 75 240
2 3 6 10 13 18 21 26 320
R12 kd
1.5 3 6.5 12 20 30 38 45 400
1.5 2.5 6.5 10 16.5 22 27 32 480

2 3 4.7 7 9.8 14.5 18.5 23
560
2.3 3.5 6 10.5 15.5 22 27.5 32.5 640

1 1.8 2.7 3.5 4.3 5 5.7 6.5 720
R12 kt = 165o, 180o, 195o, 210o, 225o, 240o, 255o, 270o.
210 200 172 135 107 88 85 105

129 119 96 74.5 64 52.5 56 77
21 21.5 20 16 11 4.5 8 24

78 73 64 51.7 36.3 25 17 18
25.5 15.5 18 10 3.5 5 7.5 22
RR12
51 48.3 46 38 27 15 3 6
32.5 23 21.5 16.3 12 6 2.5 6

26 26.5 26 23 19.5 12.8 4.5 3.5

34.3 33 31 22.6 17 9.8 3.5 0.5

7.8 10 12.2 12 12.5 8.2 5.2 0.1

l 0 15

RRR12 augment R12 RR12
- ,


.

v l cspline kd RRR12 l

kd 0 1 721


Q l kd interp v l kd RRR12 l kd
RRR1_2 RRR12
T
220

190

160

130

100

Q l kd
70
RRR1_2
l k
40

10

20

50

80
0 80 160 240 320 400 480 560 640 720

. 4 kd kdk
L
kl 2
kl 5.76
kl
kl_ kl_ 330
deg
L
kl 2
kl 3.84
kl
kl_ kl_ 220
deg
L
kl 2
kl 2.88
kl
kl_ kl_ 165
deg
2
kd 2 kd 9.425

kd
kd_ kd_ 540
deg
2
kd 2 kd 6.283

kd
kd_ kd_ 360
deg
2
kd 2 kd 4.712

kd
kd_ kd_ 270
deg
,
kl
_ 52.5
m floor m 18
15
kl_ 52.5
m floor m 11
15
kl_ 52.5
m floor m 7
15

.

R12 Q m kd_
R12

R12 Q m kd_ R12 19.791

R12 Q m kd_
R12 66.446

X12 kt = 45o, 60o, 75o, 90o, 105o, 120o, 135o, 150o.
18.5 19 6 23 60 95 110 120 20

4 5 11 8 15 17 17.5 18 60
3.9 9.8 19.6 36.6 53 72 86.7 96 160

2 2.6 5 3 1.8 0.1 2.2 3 240
2.6 4.6 11.2 20.1 29 34 52 58.3 320
X12 Kd
1.5 3.5 8 12.4 17 21 23.5 28 400
1.2 1.6 5.2 9 13.8 19.7 27.6 33 480

1.7 2.7 6.5 11.5 16.5 22 27.7 32.5 560
0.6 1.6 2.8 4 6 7.7 11.3 13.6 640

2 0.2 5 10.3 15.1 22 25.3 30.3 720
X12 kt = 165o, 180o, 195o, 210o, 225o, 240o, 255o, 270o.
100 70 25 17.4 43 43 17.5 29.2

26 38 52 53.6 40 32 22 10.1
94.5 90 77 65 48 42 42 51

2 2.6 5 3 1.8 0.1 18.4 29
63.1 61.7 54.8 44.8 31.7 12.8 6.9 1.5
XX12
26 22.5 12 12.4 6.6 4.6 5.1 12.5
38.6 38 36.2 30.2 22.5 13.4 2.8 6.1

35.2 33.8 31.4 22.4 15.3 6.7 2.4 0.7

21.5 21.8 22.2 18 16 11.9 5.6 2.6

34 34 30.1 23.9 18 12.6 3.8 0.3

XXX12 augment X12 XX12
- ,


.

vv l cspline Kd XXX12 l

kd 20 21 721



QQ l kd interp vv l Kd XXX12 l kd XXX1_2 XXX12 T

130

110

90

70

50


QQ l kd 30

10
XXX1_2
l k
10

30

50

70

90

110
0 80 160 240 320 400 480 560 640 720
kd Kdk
. 5

.

X12 QQ m kd_ X12

X12 QQ m kd_
X12 36.061

X12 QQ m kd_ X12 34.102
, R
X .
R R11 R12 R
R R11 R12 R 92.305
R R11 R12 R 279.057
X X11 X12 X
X X11 X12 X 337.375
X X11 X12 X 274.225

Z_
R
i
W


sin 2 kl
2 2 R 2
R
2
2
sin kl sin kl
2 2
W W
Z_

Z_
R
i
W

sin 2 kl
2 2 R 2
R
2
2
sin kl sin kl
2 2
W W
Z_ 176.169 260.63i

Z_
R W
i
sin 2 kl
2 2 R 2
R

2 2
sin kl sin kl
2 2
W W
Z_ 258.51 64.227i

.
.
. , ,
, - .
W , .. W
= R ( ) .

, .
,
.

, ,
.

.
3 ... 6 ;
225 ... 450 .
a 0.005 D 0.25
(. 6)

D
W2 276 log W2 468.916

a

. 6
d1 = d2 = d (. 7),

d 0.25 d1 d d2 d d2
W4 138 log
d2
2
a 1
d1
2

W4 213.687

. 7
R ,
,
R W.
, .
.
700/350 2 700/350;
- 4 340/208, 4 600/300.
, (

W R ) .
(W = 600, 300 )
(W = 300, 208 ) .
W 208 .


Re Z_ W Im Z_
2 2

Re Z_ W 2 Im Z_ 2

Re Z_ W Im Z_
2 2
0.566
Re Z_ W 2 Im Z_ 2

Re Z_ W Im Z_
2 2
0.174
Re Z_ W 2 Im Z_ 2
.
1

1
1
0.277
1
1
0.704
1
,
0.3 ... 0.5.
, ,
.
l (10 ... 100
)
l 10
K1 1.2
K1 = 1.05 ... 1.35
7
5 10 /


.

96 K1
3
1.846 10 /
2 a W

l
2
1 2 e 8.69


0.992
l
4
1 2
e
8.69

P
120
R
E E /
2 n a
,
2 2
E a W
P P
3600


; ( = 0 = 90)
= 0.
( - )
. KB
,
.
.
, , ,
, .
KB
.
.

0.01

F ( )

cos kl cos ( ) cos kl

1 cos kl sin ( )

0.8

0.6
F ( )
0.4

0.2

0
3.142 2.618 2.094 1.571 1.047 0.524 0 0.524 1.047 1.571 2.094 2.618 3.142

. 8
90
120 1 60
0.75
150 30
0.5

0.25

F ( ) 180 0 0

210 330

240 300
270

.9
,
, 90 (-)
0.01

F ( ) sin 2 sin ( )

0.8

0.6
F ( )
0.4

0.2

0
3.142
2.618
2.094 1.571 1.047
0.524 0 0.524 1.047 1.571 2.094 2.618 3.142

. 10

90
120 60
0.8

150 0.6 30
0.4
0.2

F ( ) 180 0

210 330

240 300
270

.11

, ,
0 (-)
cos 2 L cos ( ) cos 2 L sin 2 sin ( )

F1 ( )
1 cos 2 L sin ( )

0.3

0.25

0.2

F1 ( ) 0.15

0.1

0.05

0
3.142 2.618 2.094 1.571 1.047 0.524 0 0.524 1.047 1.571 2.094 2.618 3.142

. 12

90
120 60
0.2

150 30
0.1

F1 ( ) 180 0 0

210 330

240 300
270


. 13
D0

0.65
(
0.5 ...0.8.
2
120 1 cos 2
2
L ( 1 )

D0 D0 11.039
R
-
A .
A = 0,9 ... 0,7.
0.8
-
0.793
, 4L,
, .
, 1.56 L,
.

.