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Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

1. ORIGINAL jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors, other public

ministers and consuls; petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo
warranto and habeas corpus (concurrent with RTC).
2. Review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm on appeal or certiorari, final
judgments of lower courts in:
Cases in which the constitutionality or validity of any treaty, international or
executive agreement, law, decree, proclamation, order, instruction,
ordinance or regulation is in question;
3. Cases involving the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, or toll, or any
penalty imposed thereto;

Jurisdiction of the Court of Appeals

1. ORIGINAL jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari,
habeas corpus, and quo warranto, and auxiliary writs or processes, whether
or not in aid of its appellate jurisdiction (concurrent with SC and RTCs)
2. EXCLUSIVE original jurisdiction over actions for annulment of judgments
of RTCs.
3. EXCLUSIVE appellate jurisdiction over all final judgments, decisions,
resolutions, orders or awards of RTCs and quasi-judicial agencies, bodies, or

Jurisdiction of the Regional Trial Courts

A. Civil Cases
1.Cases where the subject of the litigation is incapable of pecuniary
2.Involving the title to, or possession of, real property, or any interest
therein, where the assessed value of the property involved exceeds
P20,000/ P50,000, EXCEPT actions for forcible entry and unlawful
3.All actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or
claim exceeds P200,000/P400,000;
4.Probate proceedings, both testate and intestate, where the gross value of
the estate P200,000/P400,000;
5.In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal,
person or body exercising jurisdiction;
6.In all civil actions and special proceedings falling within the exclusive
original jurisdiction of a Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the
Court of Agrarian Relations as now provided by law; and
7.In all other cases in which the demand, exclusive of interest, damages of
whatever kind, attorney's fees, litigation expenses, and costs or the value of
the property in controversy exceeds P200,000/P400,000;
Jurisdiction of the Family Courts (R.A. 8369)
1.Family Courts shall have exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and decide
the following cases:
Criminal cases where:
2.One or more of the accused is below eighteen (18) years of age but not
less than nine (9) years of age, OR
3.One or more of the victims is a minor at the time of the commission of the
4.Petitions for guardianship, custody of children, habeas corpus in relation to
the latter;
5.Petitions for adoption of children and the revocation thereof;
6.Petitions for support and/or acknowledgment;
7.Petitions for: Declaration of status of children
8.Petitions for the constitution of the family home;
9.Cases against minors cognizable under the Dangerous Drugs Act, as
10.Violations of Republic Act No. 7610, otherwise known as the "Special
Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination
Act," as amended by Republic Act No. 7658; and
10.Cases of domestic violence against Women

Jurisdiction of the Municipal Trial Courts, Metropolitan Trial Courts

and the Municipal Circuit Trial Courts
1. Civil Cases
a.Civil actions and probate proceedings, testate and intestate, including the
grant of provisional remedies where the demand, exclusive of interest,
damages, attorneys fees and costs, does not exceed P100,000/200,000.
b.Exclusive original jurisdiction over cases of forcible entry and unlawful
detainer; issue of ownership resolved only to determine issue of
c.Actions involving personal property valued at not more than
d.Actions involving title or possession of real property where the assessed
value does not exceed P20,000/50,000.
2. Criminal Cases
* Violations of city or municipal ordinances.
* All offenses punishable with not more than 4 years 2 mos 1 day
imprisonment, irrespective of fine.
* All offenses punishable by only a fine of not more than P4,000.
* Offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence.
3. Election Cases
a.Offense of failure to register or failure to vote.
b.Election contests for barangay offices.
B. DELEGATED JURISDICTION in cadastral and land registration cases
1. Lots where there is no controversy or opposition; OR
2. Contested lots the value of which does not exceed P100,000.
decisions of the MTC in these cases are appealable to the CA

Summary Procedure
A. Civil Cases
All cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer irrespective of amount
of damages or unpaid rentals; without question of ownership; attorneys
fees not exceeding P20,000 if quieting of ownership; resolved to determine
question of possession.

Other civil cases EXCEPT probate proceedings, where the total amount
of the claim does not exceed P10,000, exclusive of interest and cost.

B. Criminal cases

*Violation of traffic laws, rules, regulations

*Violation of rental laws

*Violations of city or municipality ordinances

*All other criminal cases where the penalty does not exceed 6 months or a
fine of P1000 or both, irrespective of other imposable penalties or of the
amount of civil liability

*Damage to property through criminal negligence where the fine does not
exceed P10,000.

Prohibited pleadings and motions

* Motion to dismiss or quash EXCEPT for lack of jurisdiction over

subject matter or
* failure to comply with KatarungangPambarangay (LGC)
* Motion for bill of particulars
* Motions for new trial, reconsideration, re-opening
* Petition for relief from judgment
* Motion for extension of time to file pleadings, affidavits
* Memoranda
* Petition for certiorari, mandamus, and prohibition against any
interlocutory order issued by the court
* Motion to declare defendant in default
* Dilatory motion for postponement
* Reply
* Third-party complaints
* Motion for intervention

Jurisdiction of the KatarungangPambarangay

1. No complaint, petition, action or proceeding involving any matter within

the authority of the lupon shall be filed or instituted directly in court or any
other government office for adjudication, unless:

There has been a confrontation between the parties before the lupon
chairman or pangkat, AND

That no conciliation or settlement has been reached as certified by the

lupon/pangkat secretary as attested to by lupon chairman or pangkat
chairman, or unless such settlement has been repudiated by the parties

2. Disputes subject to Conciliation Requirement: All disputes between

parties actually residing in the same city or municipality

3. Exceptions to Conciliation Requirement (SC Circular 14-93)

a. Where one party is the government, or any subdivision or instrumentality
b.Where one party is a public officer or employee, and the dispute relates to
the performance of his official functions;
c. Where the dispute involves real properties located in different cities and
municipalities, unless the parties thereto agree to submit their difference to
amicable settlement by an appropriate Lupon;
d.Any complaint by or against corporations, partnerships or juridical entities,
since only individuals shall be parties to Barangay conciliation proceedings
either as complainants or respondents (Sec. 1, Rule VI,
KatarungangPambarangay Rules);
e. Disputes involving parties who actually reside in barangays of different
cities or municipalities.

Jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan

1.Violations of: Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act;
2. R.A. 1379 (An Act Declaring Forfeiture in Favor of the State of Any
Property Found to Have Been Unlawfully Acquired By Any Public Officer or
Employee and Providing for the Proceedings Therefor); or
3. Where one or more of the accused are officials occupying the following
positions in the government, whether in a permanent, acting or interim
capacity, at the time of the commission of the offense:
* Officials of executive branch occupying positions classified as
Grade 27 or higher, specifically including:
* Provincial governors, vice-governors, members of the
sangguniangpanlalawigan and provincial treasurers, assessors, engineers
and other provincial department heads;
* City mayors, vice-mayors, members of the sangguniangpanlungsod,
city treasurers, assessors, engineers and other city department heads;
* Officials of the diplomatic service occupying the position of consul and
* Philippine army and air force colonels, naval captains, and all officers
of higher rank;
* Officers of the Philippine National Police while occupying the position
of provincial director and those holding the rank of senior superintendent or
* City and provincial prosecutors and their assistants, and officials and
prosecutors in the Office of the Ombudsman and special prosecutor;
* Presidents, directors or trustees, or managers of government-owned
or controlled corporations, state universities or educational institutions or
* Members of Congress and officials thereof classified as Grade 27
or higher
* Members of the Judiciary, without prejudice to the provisions of
the Constitution (on impeachment)
* Chairmen and members of the Constitutional Commissions,
without prejudice to the provisions of the Constitution