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WORK BELOW LOWEST FLOOR

FINISH (WBLFF)
WBLFF/
SUBSTRUCTURE
- COMPONENTS

1. Column bases/Pad
Footings/Strip
Footing/Pile Caps
2. Column Stumps
3. Ground Beam
4. Bed/Slab
Excavation (m3)
Filling (m3) Excavation (m3)
Disposal (m3) Disposal (m3)
Hardcore (m2/m3) Filling (m3)
Blinding (m3)
Damp-proof membrane (m2) Pad/Strip Concrete (m3)
Bed/Slab footing/
Concrete (m3)
Pile caps
Formwork (m/m2) Formwork (m/m2)
Reinforcement (kg)
Reinforcement (kg)
WBLFF/
Excavation (m3) Substructure
Filling (m3)
Ground Column
Disposal (m3) Concrete (m3)
Beam Stumps
Blinding (m3)
Formwork (m/m2)
Concrete (m3)
Formwork (m/m2) Reinforcement (kg)
Reinforcement (kg)
CONCRETE WORK

F.1 GENERALLY F.3 CONCRETE CATEGORIES


Plain in-situ concrete/ Reinforced in-situ 2. Foundation in trenches
concrete 3. Isolated foundation bases
Grade concrete 5. Ground Beam
F.2.1 THICKNESS CATEGORIES 7. Pile caps
Not exceeding 100mm 8. Beds
100mm 150mm 9. Suspended slabs
150mm 300mm 15. Isolated columns
exceeding 300mm 16. Steps/staircase
CONCRETE WORKS

Example:
Plain In-Situ Concrete Grade 7 as
specified; blinding screed; laid on earth or
hardcore
Under pile caps/pad footings/ground
beam/grd. Floor slab
Reinforced In-Situ Concrete Grade as
specified
In foundation in trenches
In isolated foundation bases to columns (In
No) In ground beams
In ground beams
REINFORCEMENT

F.8.4 - CLASSIFICATION
In foundation (bases, ground beam & pile
cap)
In ground slabs (beds)
In isolated column (stump)

Straight and bend bars (4 Y12)


F.8.5 - CATEGORIES
Straight and bend bars
Link, stirrups, binders and the like
Curved bars (28 R8 - 250)
Width Conc. Covers (40mm) + Hooks (24 x diameter of bar)
Link, stirrups, binders and the like
Spacers and chairs
REINFORCEMENT

Example:
Reinforcement bars; hot rolled plain round
mild steel
Reinforcement bars; hot rolled deformed
high tensile steel
In foundation in trenches
In isolated foundations
In ground beams
In pile caps
In pad footings
FORMWORKS

F.10.1 CATEGORIES
F.11.1 - Formwork to edges & faces of:
Foundations and beds (footings, pile
caps bases, ground beams)

HEIGHT CATEGORIES (for height n.e.


1.00m)
Not exceeding 250mm high
250mm 500mm high
500mm 1.00m high
FORMWORKS

Example:
Class F1 formwork as specified to
foundation and beds
To edges & faces of pile caps
To edges & faces of pad footings
To edges & faces of strip footings
To edges of beds
To edges of slabs
To ground beams
To sides of column stumps
HARDCORE

D.23 Classification of materials EXCAVATION & EARTHWORK


- Material arising from excavation FILLING
- Material arising from excavation to be Hardcore of clean hard broken stones to be obtained off site at
selected and treated contractor own source
- Material to be obtained off site at To make up levels not exceeding 250mm thick; average 250mm thick
contractor own source
To make up levels over 250mm thick
D.26 Filling to make up levels To make up levels over 250mm thick; depositing in layers; ...mm maximum
>250mm shall be given in m3 thickness

<250mm shall be given in m2 stating


average thickness
D.27 Filling deposited and compacted
in layers
>250mm shall be given in m3 stating
the maximum thickness of each layers
DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE

K.1 Classification of Work 3. Covering > 300mm wide shall be in m2


a. Damp proofing & tanking < 300mm wide shall be in m (stating the
b. Flooring & underlay width in stages of 150mm)
c. Paving
Classification a. Flat coverings n.e. 10 (horizontal)
d. Roofing
b. Sloping covering over 10 but n.e. 45 (horizontal)
K.2 Measurement
c. Sloping covering over 45 (horizontal & vertical)
1. Description shall include:
4. Isolated areas n.e. 1.00m2 shall be enumerated
- Kind & quality of material
- Thickness & no. of coats & layers
- Nature of base
- Surface treatment
2. No deduction shall be made for voids
n.e. 0.50m2
DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE

Example:
WBLFF
Damp Proofing And Tanking
Coverings; 1 layer of Polythene sheet as specified, 1000 gauge or 0.25mm thick; laid on hardcore
Over 300mm wide; flat; not exceeding 10 from horizontal; subsequently covered
Over 300mm wide; sloping 10 - 45 degrees from horizontal; subsequently covered
Over 300mm wide; vertical or sloping over 45 degrees from horizontal; subsequently covered
Not exceeding 150mm wide; flat; not exceeding 10 from horizontal; subsequently covered
Not exceeding 150mm wide; sloping 10 - 45 degrees from horizontal; subsequently covered
Not exceeding 150mm wide; vertical or sloping over 45 degrees from horizontal; subsequently covered
DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE
DAMP PROOF COURSE

G.28 Generally Example:


1. Description shall include: BRICKWORK
- Kind & quality of material Damp Proof Course
- Gauge, Thickness or substances
Bituminous damp proof course as
- Number of layers specified; 150mm laps; bedding in
- Composition & mix of bedding material cement mortar (1:1); no allowance in
2. No deduction shall be made for voids n.e. 0.50m2
measurement for laps

> 225mm wide shall be in m2 On horizontal surfaces


< 225mm wide shall be in m (stating the width) On raking surfaces
No allowance in measurement shall be made for laps On vertical surfaces
Horizontal, raking, vertical & curved work shall be On curved surfaces
described
DAMP PROOF COURSE
BRICKWORK
Example:
G.1.1 Classification for heading
BRICKWORK
a. Foundations
Foundation
b. Load bearing superstructure
225mm thick Clay brick as specified; in
c. Non-load bearing superstructure
cement and sand (1:3) mortar in English
G.3 Generally bond
1. Description shall include: Walls/Retaining walls/Lift walls
a. Kind, quality & size of bricks
b. Type of bond
c. Composition & mix of mortar
3. Separate classes given stating the thickness
a. Walls
b, c, d m.
TUTORIAL 2

WORK BELOW LOWEST FLOOR FINISH


TUTORIAL 2 WBLFF WORKS

With reference to the following drawings and SMM2, take


off the element WBLFF.
1. Take off WBLFF works for Link House 20' X 70 Jenis A4 & A5
2. Prepare the Bill of Quantity for the work

Remarks:
Excavate top soil for re-use in temporary spoil heaps 50m from site
All disposal of excavated material shall be removed from site at contractor own
source
Filling of excavation arising material arising from excavation
TAKING OFF LIST TUTORIAL 2

Excavation top soil


Removal of excavated top soil
Excavation in pit to receive pile cap
Removal of excavated material
Excavation in rock for pit excavation
Excavation in trench to receive ground beam
Removal of excavated material
Excavation in rock for trench excavation
Disposal of surface water
TUTORIAL 3

WORK BELOW LOWEST FLOOR FINISH


With reference to the following drawings and SMM2, take off the
element WBLFF.
This is an individual assignment.
Notes:
Excavate topsoil 150mm deep to be used on site
Hardcore shall be cleaned broken stones or bricks
Concrete to strip foundation shall be of Grade 20
All bricks shall be well burnt ordinary clay bricks
Damp proof membrane shall be 1000 gauge polythene
9000mm

12000mm

A A
8000mm

15000mm
1750mm
300mm

50mm thk Grade 7


Lean Concrete
750mm