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Table6.

Inorganiccompoundandphysicalparameterstandards,effects,andsource(sourcesinitalicsarenotlikelytobe
foundinwaterofthedeepbasaltaquiferoftheWallaWallaarea)[CU=colorunit;IOC=inorganiccompounds;NTU=
nephelometricturbidityunit;TDS=totaldissolvedsolids].(Barzilayandothers,1999;EES,1998;SDWC,1977;U.S.EPA,
1999].

IOCorphysical
parameterin Standard* Potentialhealtheffectsfromingestion Possiblesourcesofcontamination
drinkingwater
skindamage;circulatoryproblems;increased animalfeedadditives;herbicides;erosionof
As 0.05 riskofcancer naturaldeposits;woodpreservatives
Cl 250 poortaste;corrosionofpipes roadsalt
Cr 0.1 liverandkidneydisease naturaldeposits;mining
Cu 1.3 temporarygastrointestinaldisturbance corrosionofpipes
F 4 bonedisease;mottledteethinchildren erosionofnaturaldeposits;dischargefrom
fertilizerandaluminumfactories;water
Fe 0.3 poortaste;laundrystains additive
erosionofnaturaldeposits
Pb 0.015 delaysindevelopmentofchildren;kidney corrosionofpipes;erosionofnaturaldeposits
problemsandhighbloodpressureinadults

Mn 0.05 poortaste;laundrystains erosionofnaturaldeposits


NO4 10 bluebabysyndrome:cancausedeathwithout runofffromfertilizeruse;leachingfrom
immediatemedicalattention septictanks;sewage;erosionofnatural
Na 20# hypertension erosionofnaturaldeposits;roadsalt
deposits
SO4 250 diarrhea erosionofnaturaldeposits

Color 15CU n/a presenceofnaturalorganicmatterinwater


Conductivity 700 n/a n/a
mhos/cm
TDS 500 poortaste;possibleheartdiseasewith pipecorrosion
lowlevels
Turbidity 1NTU highlevelsmayinterferewithwater presenceofsuspendedmatterinwater
treatmentandmonitoring
*valuesaremg/Lunlessotherwisenoted
#EPAguidancelevel
Barzilay,J.I.,Weinberg,W.G.,andEley,J.W.,1999,Thewaterwedrink:waterqualityanditseffectsonhealth:New
Brunswick,NewJersey,RutgersUniversityPress,152p.
EconomicandEngineeringServices,Inc.(EES)inassociationwithCH2MHILL,1998,CityofWallaWallaComprehensive
WaterSystemPlan.
SafeDrinkingWaterCommittee(SDWC),1977,Drinkingwaterandhealth,v.6:Washington,D.C.,NationalAcademyof
Sciences,919p.
U.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencyOfficeofWater(U.S.EPAwater),visitedNovember29,1999,EPAOfficeofWater
website:(URL:http://www.epa.gov/safewater/).