Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

Rev.H

Rev.H INGEPAC EF MD Multifunction protection & control Data Sheet

INGEPAC EF MD

Multifunction protection & control

Data Sheet

No part of this publication may be reproduced by whatever means without the prior written permission of Ingeteam Power Technology.

One of the main aims of Ingeteam Power Technology lies in the continuous improvement of the company’s equipment and, therefore, the information contained in this catalogue may be modified without prior notification.

For further information, consult the corresponding manual or contact us directly.

Table of contents

Table of contents

Table of contents

Model Code Selection

6

Functions table and functional diagrams

8

Protection functions

10

Current units

 

10

Timed overcurrent units

10

Instantaneous overcurrent units

11

Broken conductor protection

11

Second harmonic

restraint

11

Thermal image 49

11

Undercurrent 37

11

Overcurrent with voltage monitoring 50/51V

11

Cold load pickup

12

HCL High current

12

Isolated neutral directional overcurrent

12

Compensated neutral overcurrent

12

Restricted earth 87N (6 tables)

12

Voltage units

12

Overvoltage 59

12

Zero sequence overvoltage 59N

12

Inverse sequence overvoltage 47

13

Undervoltage 27

13

Frequency units

13

Frequency

protection 81M/m

13

Frequency rate of change protection 81R

14

Power

units (32)

14

Phase

shift 78

14

Field loss protection 40

 

14

Load zone encroachment 68LE

14

Switch onto fault (SOTF)

 

14

Fuse failure 68 FF

15

Trip schemes

15

Table of contents

Table of contents

Breaker units

15

Open pole detection

15

Breaker failure 50 BF

15

Automatic functions

16

Recloser 79

16

Synchronism 25

16

Minimum frequency reclosure

16

Locator

17

Monitoring functions

17

CT monitoring

17

Power supply monitoring

17

External power supply monitoring

17

Temperature monitoring

17

Breaker monitoring

17

General configuration

18

Equipment general settings

18

Protection general settings

18

CT

ratio

18

CT rated current

18

VT

Characteristics

18

Power and energy configuration

18

Logics

Logical functions based on IEC 61131-3

Data Acquisition Functions

18

18

18

Events

18

Faults

18

Oscillography

19

Statistics

19

Historical reports

19

Measurements

19

Table of contents

Table of contents

Communication protocols

19

Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP)

19

Link failover redundancy

19

High-availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR)

20

Technical specifications

21

Tests

22

I/O modules

23

Communication ports

25

Irig-B input

26

Measurements

26

Construction features

27

Rear views

28

Keypad/Local display

29

Interconnection diagrams

31

Model Code Selection

Model Code Selection

Model Code Selection

INGEPAC EF MD MODEL M D A MODEL 67, 67N, 67SN, 67NA, 67NC, 50/51, 50N/51N,
INGEPAC EF MD MODEL
M
D
A
MODEL
67, 67N, 67SN, 67NA, 67NC, 50/51, 50N/51N, 50SN/51SN, 50G/51G, 67Q, 46BC,
37, 49, 59, 27, 59N, 47, 81O/u, 81R, 32, CLP, 50V/51V, 87N, 68FF, HCL, 25, 79,
79(81), 74TC/CC, 50BF, Fault Locator
0
67, 67N, 67SN, 50/51, 50N/51N, 67Q, 46BC, 49, 59, 27, 59N, 47, 81O/u, 81R, 32,
40, 78, CLP, 50V/51V, 87N, 68FF, HCL, 25, 79, 79(81), 74TC/CC, 50BF
1
67, 67N, 67SN, 67IN, 67CN, 50/51, 50N/51N, 50SN/51SN, 50G/51G, 67Q, 46BC,
37, 49, 59, 27, 59N, 47, 81O/u, 81R, 32, CLP, 50V/51V, 87N, 68FF, 68ZC, HCL,
SOTF, 25, 79, 79(81), 85 (67/67Q), 74TC/CC, 50BF, Fault Locator
2
67, 67N, 67SN, 50/51, 50N/51N, 50SN/51SN, 67Q, 46BC, 49, 59, 27, 59N, 81O/u,
81R, 32, CLP, 68FF, HCL, 25, 79, 79(81), 74TC/CC, 50BF, Fault Locator
3
EXTENDED CONTROL FUNCTIONS
No
A
Yes
B
HOUSING
1/2 chassis 19" 5U with configurable keyboard
A
1/2 chassis 19" 5U with predefined keyboard
Note 1
B
Chassis 19" 4U with configurable keyboard
C
Chassis 19" 4U with predefined keyboard
Note 1
D
POWER SUPPLY MODULE
Single PS 85-300 Vdc+ 6DI 125 Vdc + 4DO
A
Single PS 85-300 Vdc+ 6DI 220 Vdc + 4DO
B
Single PS 18-60 Vdc+ 6DI 24 Vdc + 4DO
C
Single PS 18-60 Vdc+ 6DI 48 Vdc + 4DO
D
Redundant PS 48 Vcc / 48Vcc
F
Redundant PS 125 Vcc / 125Vcc
G
REAR SERIAL COMMUNICATION PORTS
A
GFO
COM-1 (Note 9)
B
PFO
COM-2 (Note 9)
C
RS232C
COM-3 (Note 8)
D
RS485
COM-4 (Note 8)
E
FO singlemode 60km (ST) Note 10
COM-5 (Note 8)
F
FO singlemode 60km (LC) Note 10
COM-6 (Note 8)
M
FO singlemode 20-120km (ST) Note 10
N
FO singlemode 20-120km (LC) Note 10
X
No port
REAR ETHERNET COMMUNICATION PORTS
E
GFO
ETH-1ETH-1
F
RJ45
ETH-2
ETH-2
G
GFO (ETH with PRP redundancy)
Note 5
H
RJ45 (ETH with PRP redundancy)
Note 5
I
GFO (Link failover redundancy)
Note 7
J
RJ45 (Link failover redundancy)
Note 7
K
LC (Link failover redundancy)
Note 7
L
LC
M
GFO (ETH with HSR redundancy)
Note 5
N
RJ45 (ETH with HSR redundancy)
Note 5
X
No port
TERMINALS
Pin type standard terminals
A
Closed terminals
Note 2
B
Closed terminals for analog inputs and pin type standard terminals for the rest
C
I/O BOARD CONFIGURATION
BOARD SELECTION
(Note 3)
A
No board
Board 2
B
11
DI (24V dc) + 9 DO
Board 3
C
11
DI (48 Vdc) +9 DO
Board 4 (Note 4)
D
11
DI (125 Vdc) + 9 DO
Board 5 (Note 4)
E
11
DI (220 Vdc) + 9 DO
Board 6 (Note 4)
F
32
DI (24 Vdc)
Board 7 (Note 4)
G
32
DI (48 Vdc)
H
32
DI (125 Vdc)
I
32
DI (220 Vdc)
J
16
DI (24Vdc)-8 independent DO
K
16
DI (48 Vdc)-8 independent DO
L
16
DI (125 Vdc)-8 independent DO
M
16
DI (220 Vdc)-8 independent DO
N
16
DI (24 Vdc)- 16DO
O
16
DI (48Vdc)- 16 DO
P
16
DI (125 Vdc)- 16DO
Q
16
DI (220 Vdc)- 16DO
R
16
DI (24Vdc)-8 AI
Note 6
S
16
DI (48Vdc)-8 AI
Note 6
T
16
DI (125 Vdc)-8 AI
Note 6
U
16
DI (220 Vdc)-8 AI
Note 6
V
16
DI (24 Vdc)- 8 AI (4 isolated)
Note 6
W
16
DI (48Vdc)- 8 AI (4 isolated)
Note 6
X
16
DI (125 Vdc)- 8 AI (4 isolated)
Note 6
Y
16
DI (220 Vcc)- 8 AI (4 isolated)
Nota 7
0
8DI (24Vcc) + 4DO (h.b.c.o.) + 4DO
1
8DI (48Vcc) + 4DO (h.b.c.o.) + 4DO
2
8DI (125Vcc) + 4DO (h.b.c.o.) + 4DO
3
8DI (220Vcc) + 4DO (h.b.c.o.) + 4DO
4
8DI (24Vcc) + 8DO
5
8DI (48Vcc) + 8DO
6
8DI (125Vcc) + 8DO
7
8DI (220Vcc) + 8DO
8
11RTDs + 4AO
I/O 1
COM1
COM2
COM3
COM4
COM5
COM6
ETH1
ETH2
I/O 2
I/O 3
I/O 4
I/O 5
I/O 6
I/O 7
I/O 8

Note 1: Only selectable with extended control functions.

Note 2: The terminals for the power supply inputs are pyn type standard terminals.

Note 3:To know the order of the boards in the rack, consult the number of the terninals on the rear views of each chassis.

Note 4: Only available for 19" chassis.

Note 5: PRP/HSR only available for ETH-1. With this option ETH-2 can only be of the same type as the ETH-1 (GFO or RJ45).

Note 6: Standard analogue inputs configuration: +/-5mA, +/-5mA, +/-2.5mA, +/-2.5mA, +/-2.5mA, +/-2.5mA, +/-20mA, +/-20mA. Consult other configurations.

Note 7:This option requires selecting both ETH1 as ETH2 and supports any combination of options I , J and K.

Note 8: Not available for PRP ethernet communication

Note 9: Teleprotection ports only can use COM1 and COM2

Note 10: Only for Teleprotection ports.

It´s available an external accessory (FC2910) to allow BNC connection with coaxial cable in Irig-B and PPS input.

The following figures show the board position acording to model encoding. Fig. 1.1 ½ 19”

The following figures show the board position acording to model encoding.

Fig. 1.1 ½ 19” chassis Fig. 1.2 19” chassis
Fig. 1.1
½ 19” chassis
Fig. 1.2
19” chassis
Fig. 1.3 Redundant power supply ½ 19” chassis Fig. 1.4 Redundant power supply 19” chassis
Fig. 1.3
Redundant power supply ½ 19” chassis
Fig. 1.4
Redundant power supply 19” chassis

Fig. 1.5

PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + 2FOC)

Fig. 1.6

PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + FOC)

Fig. 1.5 PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + 2FOC) Fig. 1.6 PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + FOC)
Fig. 1.5 PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + 2FOC) Fig. 1.6 PRP Redundancy (2RJ45 + FOC)

Functions table and functional diagrams

Functions table and functional diagrams

Functions table and functional diagrams

 

MD0

MD1

MD2

MD3

Common protection functions

       

SOFT Switch onto fault

 

 

27

Undervoltage

 

 

59

Overvoltage

 

 

59N Zero sequence overvoltage

 

 

47

V2 overvoltage protection

 

 

 

Frequency (81M/m)

 

 

Frequency rate of change (81R)

 

 

3x50/51 (67)

 

 

50N/51N (67N)

 

 

50NS/51NS. (67NS) Sensitive neutral overcurrent

 

 

50G/51G. Grounding overcurrent

 

 

   

67NA Isolated neutral directional

 

 

   

67NC Compensated neutral directional

 

 

   

46TOC (67Q), 46IOC(67Q)

 

 

46FA Open phase

 

 

50CSC Second harmonic restraint

 

 

37

Undercurrent

 

 

   

49

Thermal image

 

 

32

Power units

 

 

78

Phase shift

 

   

Field loss

 

   

HCL

 

 

Cold load pickup

 

 

50V/51V monitoring

 

 

 

87N Restricted earth

 

 

   

Teleprotection

       

Teleprotection (67/67Q)

   

 

Monitoring Units

       

68LE Load encroachment

   

 

68FF Fuse failure

 

 

Fault locator

       

Fault locator for phase to ground lines

 

 

 

Breaker Monitoring

       

k12 breaker monitoring per pole

 

 

Closing and trip circuit monitoring

 

 

Excessive number of trips

 

 

Open pole / Faulted line detector

 

 

Breaker status logic

 

 

Pole discordance

   

 

Breaker

       

50BF Basic breaker failure

 

 

Automatisms

       

Synchronism

 

 

 

Recloser

 

 

Frequency recloser

 

 

Data acquisition functions

       

Phase and neutral current measurements

 

 

Phase and synchronism voltage measurements

 

 

Real and reactive power

 

 

Real and reactive energy

 

 

Historical event, protection event and fault recording

 

 

Breaker monitoring

 

 

Oscillography

 

 

Historical reports

 

 

Tbl. 1.1

Functions depending on model

Functions table and functional diagrams

Functions table and functional diagrams

BUSBAR

74TC SOTF Teleprotection LF 52 74CC 25 79 81 79 27 59 47 81R 78
74TC
SOTF
Teleprotection
LF
52
74CC
25
79
81
79
27
59
47
81R
78
(81m)
M/m
3x67
50/
67SN
67NA
67CN
59N
32
67Q
68FF
68LE
40
67N
51V
1
3
87N
2nd
Harmonic
49
50BF
37
46FA
CLP
HCL
Restraint
50/
51
G
OTHER
LINE
APPLICATIONS
BASIC FUNCTIONS
OPTIONALS
Fig. 1.7
General EF MD diagram
3

Available analog inputs

T1 IA Phase A current T2 IB Phase B current T3 IC Phase C current T4 IN Neutral current T5 Ipol Polarization current T6 Isg Sensitive neutral current

T7 Free T8 Vsyn Synchronism voltage T9 VN Neutral voltage T10 VA Phase A voltage T11 VB Phase B voltage T12 VC Phase C voltage

voltage T10 VA Phase A voltage T11 VB Phase B voltage T12 VC Phase C voltage

Fig. 1.8

Voltage and current inputs

Protection functions

Protection functions

Protection functions

The functions available in the equipment are shown below: In order to check if a specific model has a function, refer to the model functions table.

Usually, each function has its own general operating settings, apart from the functional settings.

Blocking. It allows selecting a signal so that when it is on, it blocks the function.

General trip. It indicates if it involves the opening of the breaker.

Trip permission following reclosure. It indicates the state of the function depending on the state of the recloser.

Reclosure permission. It indicates if the reclosure is permitted following the trip of that function.

Records of events enabled. It enables the generation of events related to the function

Current units

Directional

There are directional units per phases, inverse sequence, neutral and sensitive neutral.

Each of the overcurrent units can be set in directional mode with the "Torque control" setting. If it is FORWARD or REVERSE, it indicates that the function works as directional (in one sense or the other) and if it is NO, then it works as NON-DIRECTIONAL.

Phases direction

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Directional criteria

   

Quadrature Quadrature 2 of 3 Direct sequence Inverse and direct sequence

Angle (º)

0

359

1

V

polarisation

1

200

0.1

Zone amplitude

90

170

1

Permission without V polarisation

   

YES / NO

Reverse direction 67

   

Logical input

Phase directional inhibition

   

Logical input

Phase directional inversion

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Torque angle (º)

0

359

1

Zone amplitude

90

170

1

V

minimum polarisation

1

200

0.1

Z2 offset

0

100

1

Minimum operating I2 / I1

1

100

1

Minimum operating I2 / I1

1

100

1

Unbalance inversion

   

Logical input

Unbalance inhibition

   

Logical input

Neutral directional

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

     

"Angular criteria"

“Icos

Neutral directional type

“Isen

Watt-metric

Angle (º)

0

359

1

Zone amplitude (º)

90

170

1

V minimum polarisation (V)

1

200

0.1

Minimum 3I0 / Inom (%)

1

100

1

     

V

IPOL

Polarisation type (V, Ipol)

IPOL V

IPOL o V IPOL o V

     

S0

S2

S2 y S0

S2 y S0

Voltage directional criteria

S2 S0

S0 S2

Automatic

Offset Z0 (Ohm)

0

100

1

Minimum 3I0 / I1 (%)

1

100

1

Permission without V polarisation

   

YES / NO

Minimum Ipol / Inom (%)

1

100

1

Minimum power

0

100

0.01

Direction inversion 67

1

100

Logical input

Directional lock 67N

   

Logical input

Changing IcosIsen operating mode

1

100

Logical input

Sensitive Neutral directional

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

     

“Angular criterion”

“Icos

Sen. Ground directional method

“Isen

“Watt-metric”

Torque Angle (º)

0

359

1

Directional Zone amplitude (º)

90

170

1

67NS Directional Inversion

   

Logical input

Blocking Input

   

Logical input

Switch method Icos/Isen

   

Logical input

Minimum Isn/Irated (%)

1

100

1

Trip permission with low Vpol

   

YES / NO

Minimum power (Icos, Isin, Watt)

0

100

0,01

Timed overcurrent units

The equipment has 3 independently programmable units for each

phase protection function, neutral, sensitive neutral, earthing and

unbalance.

In the settings` table, the usual settings are shown, but in some

functions can be differences:

- Sensitive neutral. Start value from 0,001 to 10A.

- Neutral earthing. It´s not directional

- Unbalance. The measurement type is phasor (rms is not allowed)

Protection functions

Protection functions

Second harmonic restraint

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

YES / NO

It allows blocking the 50/51,50N/51N and 67Q protection functions when a second harmonic percentage is surpassed. Unit 50/51 have restraint per phase or for all of the phases.

     

TRIP PICK UP IOC1 BLOCK IOC1, 2 BLOCK IOC1, 2, 3 BLOCK

Operation type:

Setting

 

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enable phases

   

NO / YES Only in closure

Start value (A)

0.02

150.0

0.01

I2nd harm. / Ifund. threshold (%)

 

10

100

1

     

Extreme ANSI-EI. Inverse ANSI-MI Very inverse Normal inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-MI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-IC Short inverse IEC-IL Long inverse IEC-MIEs Very inverse special User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

Minimum phase current (A)

 

0.1

150.0

0.01

Thermal image 49

Curve type

It protects elements such as lines, transformers, etc. from thermal overloads, calculating the temperature of the present and recent load conditions of the protected equipment.

There are independent units per phases and neutral.

 

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enable phases

   

NO / YES

Time dial

0.05

30.0

0.01

Heating constant

30

18,000

5

Definite/Minimum time (ms)

0

600,000*

10

Cooling constant

30

18,000

5

Torque control

   

NO / Forward / Reverse

Alarm threshold (%)

50

100

1

Fuse Failure Reaction

   

Nothing / Inhibit / Block / Enable

Reset threshold (%)

50

95

1

     

Instantaneous

Start current (A)

0.1

150.0

0.01

Drop out type

Timed

     

Phasor

Undercurrent 37

 

Type of measurement employed

Rms

Blocking

   

Logical input

This unit protects from current losses in the power supply, preventing the no-load operation of the engines. The equipment has 2 independently programmable units.

Timing cancellation

   

Logical input

 

Instantaneous overcurrent units

The equipment has 3 independently programmable units for each phase protection function, neutral, sensitive neutral earthing and unbalance.

In the settings` table, the usual settings are shown, but in some functions can be differences:

- Sensitive neutral. Start value from 0,001 to 10A.

- Neutral earthing. It´s not directional

- Unbalance. The measurement type is phasor (rms is not allowed)

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

YES / NO

     

TRIP

Operation type:

PICK UP

Start value (A)

0.02

150.0

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

600,000*

10

Torque control

   

NO / Forward / Reverse

Fuse Failure Reaction

   

Nothing / Inhibit / Block / Enable

     

Phasor

Operating Quantity

Rms

Trip Block

   

Logical input

Broken conductor protection

It detects faults of a phase in the installation, protecting the electrical bays from this anomaly.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Remarks

Enable instantaneous

     

NO / YES

Operation type:

     

ALWAYS YES WITH 52

I2/I1 threshold

5

100

0.1

 

Definite time (ms)

0

7,200,000

10

 

Phase I minimum (% In)

5

200

0.1

 

I0/I1limit

0

20

0.1

 

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

Operation type:

   

AND (A, B and C)

OR

(A, B or C)

Threshold (A)

0.02

10

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

600,000

10

Overcurrent with voltage monitoring 50/51V

This function decreases the overcurrent unit’s pick up threshold in accordance with the voltage level. In this way, the trip time is reduced in the event of severe faults (with voltage drop).

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Voltage control type

   

YES/NO

     

NO

Enabled

Boost

Change settings

51V Voltage Control (V)

10

200

0,1

51V Start Value (A)

0,1

150,0

0,01

51V Operating Curve Type

   

ANSI-EI Extreme. Inverse ANSI-VI Very inverse ANSI-I inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-VI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-SI Short reverse IEC-LI Long inverse IEC-MIs Special very inverse User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

51V Time dial

0,05

30,0

0,01

51V Operate delay time

0

600000

10

     

NO

Enabled

Change adjustments

50V Voltage Control (V)

10

200

0,1

50V Start Value (A)

0,1

150,0

0,01

50V Operate Delay time

0

600000

10

Protection functions

Protection functions

Cold load pickup

This function avoids unwanted trips triggered by the overcurrent present upon connection. When cold load conditions are detected, the active settings change to table 6 during the operating time.

Setting

Min

Max

Step

Enabled

   

YES/NO

Time to Cold Load (ms)

0

10000000

10

Cold Load Operating time (ms)

100

3600000

10

HCL High current

This function provides an additional instantaneous overcurrent unit which is set to a higher level and which does not provoke an automatic reclosure.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO/YES

Start value (A)

0,02

150,0

0,01

Operate delay time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Trip number

0

3

1

Isolated neutral directional overcurrent

The high sensitivity and directionality of this function enables the detection of grounding faults in systems with isolated neutral and highly-resistive earth faults.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO/YES

Torque control

   

NO/YES

Low current (A)

5mA

10

A

0,001

High current (A)

5mA

10

A

0,001

Low voltage (V)

0,5

60,0

0,1

High voltage (V)

0,5

60,0

0,1

First trip time delay (ms)

0

600000

10

Switch to Instantaneous (ms)

0

10000

10

Directional zone amplitude (º)

60

170

Compensated neutral overcurrent

This unit acts in systems with a neutral earthed through a Petersen coil.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO/YES

Torque control

   

NO/YES

Low current (A)

5mA

10

A

0,001

High current (A)

5mA

10

A

0,001

Low voltage (V)

0,5

60,0

0,1

High voltage (V)

0,5

60,0

0,1

First trip time delay (ms)

0

600000

10

Switch to Instantaneous (ms)

0

10000

10

Directional zone amplitude (º)

60

170

Restricted earth 87N (6 tables)

This function is applicable when one of the transformer’s windings

is grounded. The function compares the residual current with the

current which passes through the grounded transformer. Should

the difference between both currents, following the application of the corresponding transformation ratios, exceed the set threshold,

a trip signal is issued. The direction is taken into account when allowing the trip.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO/YES

Sensitivity (A)

0,05

20

0,01

Slope (%)

0%

100%

1%

Operate delay time (ms)

0

600000

10

Voltage units

Apart from the ones each function has, the drop-out percentages and the V0 measurement can be set.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Phase overvoltage return (%)

50

99

1

Phase undervoltage return (%)

101

110

1

3V2 overvoltage return (%)

50

99

1

3V0 overvoltage return (%)

50

99

1

     

Calculated/

3V0 employed

Measurement

Overvoltage 59

The overvoltage function acts whenever there is a voltage increase. The equipment has 1 timed unit and 2 independently

programmable units.

Timed

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

     

Standard

Vphase-earth FUND

Operation type:

Vphase-phase FUND

Vphase-earth RMS

Vphase-phase RMS

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Characteristic curve

   

Extreme ANSI-EI. Inverse ANSI-MI Very inverse Normal inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-MI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-IC Short inverse IEC-IL Long inverse IEC-MIEs Very inverse special User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

Time dial

0.05

30.0

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7,200,000

10

Instantaneous

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

     

Standard

Vphase-earth FUND

Operation type:

Vphase-phase FUND

Vphase-earth RMS

Vphase-phase RMS

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7,200,000

10

Zero sequence overvoltage 59N

The equipment has 1 timed unit and 1 independent instantaneous unit.

The pick-up value set is the zero-sequence voltage coming from the open delta connection from the secondary of the three voltage transformers or the zero-sequence voltage calculated (3 Vo) as the vectorial sum of the phase-to-earth voltages.

Protection functions

Protection functions

Timed

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Characteristic curve

   

Extreme ANSI-EI. Inverse ANSI-MI Very inverse Normal inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-MI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-IC Short inverse IEC-IL Long inverse IEC-MIEs Very inverse special User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

Time dial

0.05

30.0

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Instantaneous

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Inverse sequence overvoltage 47

This functions protects the installation against the damaging effects of a voltage unbalance, such as the motor heating, current unbalance and so on. There are 1 timed unit and 1 independent instantaneous unit.

Timed

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Characteristic curve

   

Extreme ANSI-EI. Inverse ANSI-MI Very inverse Normal inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-MI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-IC Short inverse IEC-IL Long inverse IEC-MIEs Very inverse special User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

Time dial

0.05

30.0

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Instantaneous

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Undervoltage 27

It detects voltage drops in any phase. The equipment has 1 timed unit and 2 independent instantaneous units.

Timed

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

     

Standard

Vphase-earth FUND

Operation type:

Vphase-phase FUND

Vphase-earth RMS

Vphase-phase RMS

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Characteristic curve

   

Extreme ANSI-EI. Inverse ANSI-MI Very inverse Normal inverse ANSI-MODI Moderately inverse IEC-I Normal inverse IEC-MI Very inverse IEC-EI Extreme. Inverse IEC-IC Short inverse IEC-IL Long inverse IEC-MIEs Very inverse special User curves 1 User curves 2 User curves 3 User curves 4 Definite time

Time dial

0.05

30.0

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Instantaneous

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

NO / YES

     

Standard

Vphase-earth FUND

Operation type:

Vphase-phase FUND

Vphase-earth RMS

Vphase-phase RMS

Start value (V)

0.5

200

0.01

Definite time (ms)

0

7200000

10

Frequency units

Frequency protection 81M/m

There are 8 frequency steps that can be programmed independently as a maximum or minimum frequency unit, allowing the performance of the underfrequency loads shedding.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Minimum monitoring voltage

40

200

1

Number of pickup cycles

3

15

1

Number of reset cycles

0

10

1

Overfrequency reset time (ms)

0

600,000

10

Underfrequency reset time (ms)

0

600,000

10

Level 1 Enabled

   

YES / NO

Level 1 Pick-up (Hz)

45

65

0.01

Level 1 Definite time (ms)

0

600,000

10

Level 1 Function type

   

Maximum/Minimum

applies to all of the levels

     

Level 8 Enabled

   

YES / NO

Level 8 Pick-up (Hz)

45

65

0.01

Level 8 Definite time (ms)

0

600,000

10

Level 8 Function type

   

Maximum/Minimum

Protection functions

Protection functions

Frequency rate of change protection 81R

The frequency rate of change protection has 8 independent steps, allowing the load disconnections before reaching undesired frequency levels.

Phase shift 78

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

This function provides protection against network alterations and faults that may affect the correct functioning of the synchronous generators operating in parallel with the network

Enable df./dt.

   

YES / NO

Operation type:

   

Negative Positive Negative and positive

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Minimum monitoring current (A)

0

100.0

0.1

Enabled

   

YES / NO

Number of pickup cycles

3

15

1

Angle difference (º)

2

22

1

Frequency rate of change drop-off cycles

0

10

1

Minimum voltage threshold (V)

12

200

1

Overfrequency rate of change drop-off time

0

7,200,000

10

Trip type

   

Single phase / Three phase

Step 1 Monitoring maximum frequency (Hz)

40

70

0.01

Minimum trip time (ms)

200

1000

1

Step 1 Start value (Hz/s)

0.20

5

0.05

Step 1 Delay time (ms)

0

2,000

10

applies to all of the steps.

     

Step 8 Monitoring maximum frequency (Hz)

40

70

0.01

Field loss protection 40

 

Step 8 Start value (Hz/s)

0.20

5

0.05

Step 8 Delay time (ms)

0

2,000

10

 

Protects generators against excitation loss situations, detecting the reactive energy that flows to the generator in such situations.

Power units (32)

The real and reactive powers and the power factor are calculated on the basis of the voltage and current measurements. The values obtained are employed for the power protection functions.

The maximum and minimum active and apparent power functions protect against excessive decreases and increases in the generated power, as well as against the power inversion.

The minimum real power protection is a protection against the excessive decrease in the generated power.

The maximum real power protection is a protection against the excessive increase in the generated power.

The real power inversion protection prevents the generator from its motoring. The protection is active when the real power flow is reversed and it surpasses the set value.

The real power inversion protection is active when the reactive power flow is reversed (field loss in generators) and it surpasses the set value.

The minimum apparent power protection is a protection against the excessive decrease in the generated power.

The maximum apparent power protection is a protection against the excessive increase in the generated power.

For each power unit

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

YES / NO

Pick-up (%)

1.0

200.0

0.1

Definite time (ms)

0

60000

10

Drop-off threshold common to all of the units

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Real power drop-off threshold (%)

0.1

5

0.1

Reactive power drop-off threshold (%)

0.1

5

0.1

Apparent power drop-off threshold (%)

0.1

5

0.1

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabled

   

YES / NO

Minimum voltage

10,0

65,0

0,1

Directional torque angle (º)

0

180

1

Offset Z1A (ohm)

-20,0

20,0

0,1

Diameter Z1B (Ohm)

0,0

120,0

0,1

Undervoltage checking zone 1

   

YES / NO

Alarm delay time zone 1 (ms)

0

10000

100

Trip delay time zone 1 (ms)

0

10000

10

Offset Z2A (Ohm)

-20,0

20,0

0,1

Diameter Z2B (Ohm)

0,0

120,0

0,1

Undervoltage checking zone 2

   

YES / NO

Alarm delay time zone 2 (ms)

0

10000

100

Trip delay time zone 2 (ms)

0

10000

10

Load zone encroachment 68LE

This function determines an operating zone of maximum load, generating a signal when the impedance is within its limits. In this situation, the blocking of the operation of other protection functions is allowed.

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Enabling

   

NO / YES

     

ALWAYS

Operation type:

CLOSED POLES

Minimum I1 threshold

0.05

25

0.01

Minimum forward Z (Ohm)

0.01

500

0.01

Forward positive angle

0

90

1

Forward negative angle

270

359

1

Minimum reverse Z (Ohm)

0.01

500

0.01

Reverse positive angle

90

180

1

Reverse negative angle

180

270

1

Switch onto fault (SOTF)

This unit provides an instantaneous non-directional three-phase trip when a fault occurs upon the generation of a breaker closure command.

Protection functions

Protection functions

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

Scheme settings:

Enabling

     

NO / YES

Setting

Minimum

Maximum

Step

       

Programmable

     

Step trip Permissive overreaching Permissive underreaching Direct. comparison blocking Direct. comparison unblock

Operation type:

V&I

     

Standard

Scheme type

Timing start type

 

Programmable

Automatic timing start

     

YES / NO

Normalised voltage reset

     

YES / NO

Drop off time (ms)

0

1000

10

Phase I threshold

 

0.01

200.0

 

0.01

Lock delay time (ms)

0

1000

10

Enabling time (ms)

 

100

1000

10

GSL Minimum time (ms)

0

150

10

 

GSL Maximum time (ms)

0

200

10

GSL Drop off time (ms)

0

200

10

ECHO enabled

   

NO / YES

Fuse failure 68 FF

 

ECHO pulse time (ms)

0

10000

10

 

ECHO Blocking time (ms)

0

1000

10

ECHO delay time (ms)

0

200

10

It

detects if a fuse has blown up in the secondary circuit of the

Current Reversal Blocking

   

NO / YES

voltage transformers. While this situation is detected, the blocking

Current rev pick up t.(ms)

0

10000

10

of

the operation of other protection functions is allowed.

 

Weak Infeed Enabled

   

NO / YES

     

200

 
       

Weak Infeed Threshold (V)

0,1

 

0,1

Setting

Minimum

 

Maximum

Step

TPRx _67NQ line 1

     

Enabling

   

YES / NO

TPRx _67NQ line 2

   

Logical input

Delay time

0

 

10000

10

     

Logical input

 

GSLRx_67NQ line 1

   

Logical input

GSLRx_67NQ line 2

   

Logical input

TP Trip Block

   

Logical input

Trip schemes

 

TPTx Block

   

Logical input

Start value 67NQ

   

Logical input

 

67NQ Enable Units

   

Logical input

allows, through the communication with other units, the following teleprotection schemes:

It

67NQ Block Units