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Senior School Certificate Examination

March 2017
Marking Scheme Mathematics 65(B)

General Instructions:

1. The Marking Scheme provides general guidelines to reduce subjectivity in the marking. The
answers given in the Marking Scheme are suggested answers. The content is thus indicative. If
a student has given any other answer which is different from the one given in the Marking
Scheme, but conveys the meaning, such answers should be given full weightage.

2. Evaluation is to be done as per instructions provided in the marking scheme. It should not be
done according to ones own interpretation or any other consideration Marking Scheme
should be strictly adhered to and religiously followed.

3. Alternative methods are accepted. Proportional marks are to be awarded.

4. In question (s) on differential equations, constant of integration has to be written.

5. If a candidate has attempted an extra question, marks obtained in the question attempted first
should be retained and the other answer should be scored out.

6. A full scale of marks - 0 to 100 has to be used. Please do not hesitate to award full marks if the
answer deserves it.

7. Separate Marking Scheme for all the three sets has been given.

8. As per orders of the Honble Supreme Court. The candidates would now be permitted to obtain
photocopy of the Answer book on request on payment of the prescribed fee. All examiners/
Head Examiners are once again reminded that they must ensure that evaluation is carried out
strictly as per value points for each answer as given in the Marking Scheme.
QUESTION PAPER CODE 65(B)
EXPECTED ANSWER/VALUE POINTS
SECTION A
x1/2 y2 z3 1
1. Given equation can be written as =
3 2 3 2
2
So, direction ratios of line parallel to AB are

3 1
,2,3 or 3,4,6
2 2

2. Derivative of x2 cos x is x2 sin x + 2x cos x 1

dy 1
3. y = mx + c =m
dx 2

d2y 1
2 =0
dx 2

1 6 1
4. A =
5 7 2

0 1 1
A A =
1 0 2

SECTION B

dv
5. Let V be the volume of cube then = 9 cm3/s
dt

Surface area (S) of cube = 6x2, where x is the side

dv 2 dx dx 1 dv
V = x3 = 3x 2 1
dt dt dt 3x dt

dS dx 1 dv 1
S = 6x2 = 12x 12x 2
dt dt 3x dt 2

4 1
= 9 3.6cm 2 /s
10 2
65(B) (1)
65(B)

1 cos x 2sin 2 x / 2 1 1
6. tan 1 = tan
1
+
sin x 2sin x / 2cosx/ 2 2 2

1 x x 1
= tan tan
2 2 2

1 1
So required derivative is
2 2

5 2 1
7. adjA =
3 1 2
1
|A| = 11
2
LHS

1 2 5 2 11 0 1
3 =
5 3 1
0 11 2

RHS

1 0 11 0 1
11 =
0

1 0 11 2

LHS = RHS hence verified.

x 4 y1 z3
8. = (say)
1 3 2
O(0, 0, 0)
Let P be foot of perpendicular from origin

1
So coordinates of P are ( + 4, 3 + 1, 2 + 3) for some
2
l
P
So, drs of OP are ( + 4, 3 + 1, 2 + 3)

1
As OP l ( + 4)(1) + (3 + 1)3 + (2 + 3)(2) = 0
2
1 1
Solving we get =
2 2

7 5 1
coordinate of P are , ,2
2 2 2

(2) 65(B)
65(B)
1
9. f /(x) = 3x2 6x + 9
2
= 3(x2 2x + 3) = 3(x2 2x + 1 + 2)
= 3[(x 1)2 + 2] 1

Clearly f /(x) > 0 x R


1
f(x) is strictly increasing on R
2

2
10. I = 5
dx
2 x 2 3x
2
dx
= 2
3 1
2 1
x
2 2

x3 / 2
= 2 tan 1 C 1
1/ 2
or 2 tan1 (2x + 3) + C

11. Let number of tables be x

number of chairs be y
1
L.P.P. is maximize Z = 100x + 50y
2
subject to constraints
x + y 80
1
800x + 400y 50000 1
2
x 0, y 0

3 3 1
12. P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) P(A B) =
5 5 2
3 1
A & B are independent P(A) + P(B) P(A)P(B) =
5 2
1 p 3 1
p =
2 2 5 2
1 1
So p =
5 2

65(B) (3)
65(B)
SECTION C

x 2 x1
13. Let I = (x1)3
dx

x 2x1 A B C
Let = 2
1
(x1) 3 x 1 (x1) (x1)3

1 1 dx 1
I = x1 dx3 (x1)2 dx3 (x1)3 1
2

3 3 1
= log | x1| c 1
x1 2(x1) 2 2

x x2 1 x x2 x3
1
14. = y y2 1 y y2 y3 = 0
2
z z2 1 z z2 z3

x x2 1 1 x x2
1
= y y2 1xyz 1 y y2 = 0
2
z z2 1 1 z z2

Applying C1 C3, then C2 C3

1 x x2 1 x x2
1 y y 2 xyz 1 y y2 = 0
1 z z2 1 z z2

1 x x2
1 y y 2 (1xyz) = 0 1
1 z z2

R2 R2 R1, R3 R3 R1

1 x x2
0 yx y2 x 2 (1xyz) = 0
0 zx z 2 x 2
(4) 65(B)
65(B)
(x y) (y z) (z x) (1 + xyz) = 0 1

(x y) (y z) (z x) (1 + xyz) = 0

As x, y, z are unequal

1 + xyz = 0 hence proved. 1

OR

1bc 1
|A| = a bc 10 2
a

1bc
b 1
adjA = a

c a 2

1bc
adjA b
So A 1
= a 1
|A|
c a

LHS RHS
a b
2 1 0
aA 1 (a bc1) a 1bc
0 1 c
a

1bc a 2 bc1 a2
b 0 ab
a a

a

0 a 2 bc1 ac 1bc
c

1bc ab bc1 ab
1+1
ac a 2 ac a 2

LHS = RHS

65(B) (5)
65(B)

1 1

1 4 6 1
15. tan tan 1 = 1
1 1 x 4
1
4 6

10 1 1
tan 1 tan 1 =
23 x 4 2

1 1 10 1
tan 1 1
= tan 1tan
x 23 2

10
1
1
tan 1 = tan 1 23
x 10 1
11
23

1 1 3
tan 1 = tan
x 33

33
x= 1
13

16. y = u + v

dy du dv 1
=
dx dx dx 2

where u = (log x)2x, v = (2x)log x

log u = 2x log (log x), log v = log x log 2x 1

1 du 2 1 dv log 2x log x
= 2 log (log x),
u dx log x v dx x x

du 2 dv log 2xlog x
= (log x)2x 2 log log x) , (2x) log x 1+1
dx log x dx x
dy 2x 2 log 2xlog x 1
= (log x) 2 log log x) (2x) logx
dx log x x 2

(6) 65(B)
65(B)
OR
dx
= a(sin + cos + sin ) = a cos 1
d
dy
= a(cos + sin cos ) = a sin 1
d
dy a sin 1
= tan
dx a cos 2

d2y d sec3
2
= sec 1
dx 2 dx a

d2 y 8 2 1
2 =
dx at /4 a 2

17. Given differential equation can be written as

y
dy ycos x 1
= x ...(A)
dx y 2
x cos
x
dy dv
Let y = vx = vx 1
dx dx
(A) becomes
dv v cos v1
vx =
dx cosv
dv 1
x =
dx cos v
dx
cos vdv = x
1

sin v = log |x| + c 1


y 1
sin = log |x| + c
x 2

/3 sin 3/2 x
18. Writing I = /6 sin3/2 xcos3/2 x dx ...(i) 1

Using property x (/6 + /3 x)

/3 cos3/2 x
I= /6
cos3/2 xsin 3/2 x
dx ...(ii) 1

65(B) (7)
65(B)
Adding

/3 sin 3/2 xcos3/2 x


2I = /6
cos3/2 xsin 3/2 x
dx

Integrating

/3
2I = x /6
1


I= 1
12
OR

1
f(x) = x2 + 1, a = 1, b = 3 nh = 2
2
3
1 (x 1) dx = lim h[f(1)f(1h)...f(1n1h)]
2
1
h0

2 2 2 1
= lim h[2(h 2 h2)...(n1) h 2(n 1)h2]
h0 2
2 2
= lim h[h (n 1) h (n 1)2n]
h0

3 (n1) n(2 n 1) (n 1)n


= lim h 2h 2 2nh
h0 6 2
(nh h)(nh)(2nh h)
= lim (nh h)(nh) 2nh 1
h 0 6

224
= 224
6
32
= 1
3


19. a b = a ca (bc)0 & a 0
1
b = c or a bc) 1
2

ab = aca(bc) 0anda 0
1
b = c or a & bc are parallel 1
2

a bc) and a || bc) are not possible sumultaneously 1

So b = c Hence proved.

(8) 65(B)
65(B)
| a | 6
20. bc = 2i3j2k, 1+1

(bc) a
Projection of bc on a =
|a|

262
= 1
6
10 5
= or 6 1
6 3

1
21. Let number of units of type A = x
2
number of units of type B = y
L.P.P. is Maximize profit Z = 10x + 8y 1
Subject to constraints
3
x3y 80
2
1
2x + y 70 1
2
x, y0
Value: Kindness or any other relevant value. 1

22. Let the events be


E1 Ball is drawn from Bag 1
E2 Ball is drawn from Bag 2 1
A Ball drawn is Red

1 1 3 5
P(E1) = ,P(E 2 ) P(A/ E1 ) ,P(A/ E 2 ) 1
2 2 7 11

P(E 2 )P(A/ E 2 )
P(E2/A) =
P(E1)P(A/ E1)P(E 2 ) P(A/ E 2 )

1

= 2 11 1
1 3 1 5

2 7 2 11
35
= 1
68

65(B) (9)
65(B)
23. Let X denotes the number of aces
1 12
p= ,q 1
13 13
X P(x) XP(x)
144
0 0
169
24 24
1
169 169
1 2
2 1+1
169 169

24 2 2
Mean = 0 1
169 169 13

SECTION D

1 2 1
24. A = 1 1 1| A | 100 1
1 3 1

A11 = 4 A12 = 2 A13 = 2

A21 = 5 A22 = 0 A23 = 5

A31 = 1 A32 = 2 A33 = 3 2

4 5 1
AdjA 1 1
A 1
= 2 0 2
|A| 10 2
2 5 3

Given system of equations can be written as

1 2 1 x 8
1 1
1 y 4
= i.e. AX = B X = A1B 1
1 3 1 z 2

4 5 18 10 1
1 1
X= 2 0 2 4 20 2
10 10
2 5 3 2 30 3

1
x = 1, y = 2, z = 3 1
2

(10) 65(B)
65(B)
25. For one-one

Let x1, x2 A such that f(x1) = f(x2 )

x11 x 1
= 2
x12 x 2 2

x1 x 22x1x 2 2 = x1 x 2x12x 2 2

x1 = x2 x1 = x2

So f is one-one 2

For onto

Let y B

Let f(x) = y

x1
i.e. =y
x 2

x 1 = xy 2y

x xy = 1 2y

12y
x= A y B
1y

f is onto 2

So f is invertible & f1: B A defined as


12x
f1(x) = 1
1 x
12x
As f1(x) = 7 =7
1 x
6
x= 1
5

65(B) (11)
65(B)
OR

Let a, b R {1}
a * b = a + b + ab
b * a = b + a + ba
a * b = b * a a, b R ~ {1}
* is commutative 2
Let a, b, c R {1}
a * (b * c) = a * (b + c + bc)
= a + b + c + bc + a(b + c + bc)
= a + b + c + bc + ab + ac + abc
(a * b) * c = (a + b + ab) * c
= a + b + ab + c + (a + b + ab)c
= a + b + ab + c + ac + bc + abc
So a * (b * c) = (a * b) * c
* is associative 2
For identity
Let e R {1} be identity element
a*e=a=e* a
a*e=a
a + e + ae = a
e(1 + a) = 0
e=0 as 1 + a 0
0 is the identity element 2

26. Let radius of circle be r


& side of square be a

k2r
So 2r + 4a = k a = 1
4
A = r2 + a2

(12) 65(B)
65(B)

(k 2r)2
A = r 2 1
16

dA (k2r)
= 2r 4 1
dr 16
dA (k 2r)
= 0 2r = k 8r2r
dr 4

8r2r2r 1
So a = 2r 1
4 2

d 2A 2
= 2 0 1
dr 2 2
Thus area is minimum when a = 2r
1
i.e. side of square is double the radius of circle.
2

27. Equation of required plane is


4] [r (2i j k)
[r (i 2j 3k) 5] 0 1

r [(12 )i(2) j(3 )k]
= 4 5 1

Above plane is perpendicular to r (5i3j6k)
= 8

(1 + 2)5 + (2 + )3 + (3 ) (6) = 0 1

7
gives = 1
19
So required equation of plane is

33 45 50 41
r i j k =
19 19 19 19

or r (33i45j50k)
= 41 2

OR

Equation of line through (5, 1, 6) and (3, 4, 1)

x5 y 1 z6
is = say 2
2 3 5

65(B) (13)
65(B)
required point on line is
1
(2 + 5, 3 + 1, 5 + 6) for some 1
2
As it lies on YZ plane
5
so 2 + 5 = 0 = 1
2

17 13 1
So required point is 0, , 1
2 2 2

28. Given differential equation can be written as

dy y 2 1
= 2
dx x log x x 2

1
x log x dx
Integrating factor is e = elog (log x) = log x 1
Solution is

2
y log x = x 2 log xdxc 1

2 1 2
= log x dx + c
x x x

2logx 2
y log x = c 2
x x
Putting y = 0, x = 1
0=02+cc=2 1
So particular solution is

2 log x2 1
y logx = 2
x 2

(14) 65(B)
65(B)
29. Equation of AB: y = 2(x 1)

Y Equation of BC: y = 4 x

B(2, 2)
2 x1 1
Equation of AC: y = Correct equation of lines: 1
1 C(3, 1) 2 2
X Correct figure 1
A(1, 0) 2 3

2 3 3 (x 1) 1
Required area = 1 2(x1) dx2 (4x) dx1 2
dx 1
2

3 3
2 (4 x) 2 (x1)2
= (x1)2 1 1
2 2 4 1

3
= 1 1
2

3
= sq.units 1
2

OR

Correct figure 1

x coordinate of point of intersection is 1 1


1 2

Required area = 2 4(x2)2 dx 4x 2 dx


1 2
1
0 1

x2 4 1 x2
1
x 4 x
2
2
= 2 4 (x2) sin 4x 2 sin 1 2
2 2 2 0 2 2 2 1

3 3
= 2
2 3 2 3

8
= 2 3 square units 1
3

65(B) (15)