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Pall Aria

AP Series
Pall Aria AP Series
Packaged Water Treatment Systems


Point Hope, AK

Wainwright, AK

Nuiqsut, AK Membrane Filtration for Safe Drinking Water

Point Lay, AK Pall Aria AP water treatment systems are specifically designed to produce drink-
ing water that meets todays stringent standards. The systems use uniquely
Atqasuk, AK designed filtration modules in a hollow fiber configuration to remove the following
contaminants from surface and ground water sources.
Anchorage, AK
Suspended solids/turbidity
Kaktuvik, AK
Kernville, CA Bacteria
Cysts and oocysts
Burbank, CA
Iron and manganese

The Microza1 hollow fiber membranes are highly permeable, resulting

in high water production rates. Each hollow fiber module provides high
active surface area of up to 538 ft2. Palls dedication to a simplified
process and control design has produced a family of systems that
are characterized by:

Tough, hollow fiber membranes with long service life

Operator-friendly controls
Simple surface water treatment without coagulation
Unique air scrub and flush operation
High efficiency and low waste
Excellent compatibility with chlorine and common treatment
Minimal cost of operation
Easy installation using modular skids
Compact system footprint
Full system NSF 61 listing
ISO 9001 certified manufacturing
ETV certified for surface water treatment rule

Site testing confirmed Pall Aria AP systems meet or exceed US EPA standards for
safe drinking water. The system is also the first to receive 'full system' certification
in accordance with ANSI/NSF 61 specifications.
1 Microza is a registered trademark of Asahi Kasei Corp., Ltd.

Membrane filtration is a
pressure driven process that
uses a semipermeable (porous)
membrane to separate particulate
matter from soluble components in
the carrier fluid, such as water. In
Pall Aria AP systems, microfiltration or
ultrafiltration membranes act much like a very
fine sieve to retain particulate matter, while water
and its soluble components pass through the membrane
as filtrate, or filtered water. The retained solids are concentrated
in a waste stream that is discharged from the membrane
system. The pore size of the membrane and the integrity of
the sealing mechanism controls the fraction of the particulate
matter that is removed. Microza membranes, with their fine
pore size and absolute seal, remove virtually all of the fine
matter, such as silica, bacteria, and parasite cysts.

Pall Aria AP Systems - Overview


Forestville, CA

Avon, CO

Pinellas Park, FL Transforming Water from Any Source to Match Your

Hobart, NY
Pall Aria AP water treatment systems are used to filter ground and surface waters for
Youngs River, OR drinking water supply and industrial uses, and secondary wastewater effluent for reuse.

Beverly Beach Park, OR

Ground Water
Bullards Beach, OR Lowers turbidity and removes microbial pathogens from ground water under
the influence of surface water.
Astoria, OR
Removes iron and manganese with oxidation.
Hite Marina, UT Removes arsenic with coagulation.

Surface Water
Lowers turbidity and removes microbial pathogens from raw water drawn from
rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs.
Removes organics with coagulation to improve disinfection by-products rule
compliance, taste, and odor.

Secondary Wastewater Effluent

Removes suspended solids and reduces SDI prior to RO treatment for reuse.
Removes bacteria and other pathogens and suspended solids to produce
water suitable for landscape irrigation and similar reuse applications.

Pall Membrane Microbial and Particulate Removal

Contaminants Typical Removal 2
Microfiltration (MF) Ultrafiltration (UF)
Giardia >6 log >6 log
Cryptosporidium >6 log >6 log
MS2 Coliphage or bacteriophage 0.5 2.5 log 3 4.5 6 log 3
Turbidity <0.1 ntu <0.1 ntu
2 Based on third party testing.
3 Virus removal varies depending on coagulation process upstream of system.

Pall Aria AP Systems - Specifications

Packaged for Fast, Easy Installation

Pall Aria AP water treatment systems are highly flexible production-scale mem-
brane filtration packages, designed to filter a wide range of feed streams.
Standard systems are available in the following skid-mounted configurations.

Standard System Specifications

Model Maximum Filtered Water Dimensions (L x W x H : ft [m])
Number Number Capacity Shipped 4 Installed
of Modules (gpm [m3/hr])

AP-1 2 3-25 [0.7-5.7] 6.1 x 2.8 x 6.5 [1.9 x 0.9 x 2.0] 6 x 2.8 x 9.87

AP-2 8 10-50 [2.3-11.4] 8.1 x 2.8 x 6.5 [2.5 x 0.9 x 2.0] 8 x 4.1 x 9.97

AP-3 10 25-150 [5.7-34.1] 8.2 x 5.7 x 7.5 [2.5 x 1.7 x 2.3] 9.5 x 6.9 x 10.37

AP-3x 20 25-150 [5.7-34.1] 8.2 x 5.7 x 7.5 [2.5 x 1.7 x 2.3]5, 6 8.8 x 18.6 x 10.85

AP-4 36 50-350 [11.4-79.5] 10 x 6.8 x 7.7 [3 x 2.1 x 2.3]5, 6 10.8 x 20.8 x 10.85

AP-6 60 200-850 [45.4-193.2] 10 x 6 x 6.8 [3 x 1.8 x 2.1]5, 6, 8 19.1 x 17 x 10.85, 8

4 Crating: Add 0.5 ft [0.15 m] to each dimension. 7 Control skid with attached module rack.
5 Module rack is off the skid. 8 Two freestanding tanks 5'6" W x 7'6" H,
6 Module rack shipped as crated parts kit. shipped separately for each skid.

Optional and Auxiliary Equipment

Modem for remote access 31 - 2

Auto dialer for alarms CIP/EFM CHEMICAL

PC for operator interface EFM SKID
terminal and data acquisition
Feed or filtrate turbidimeters
5 - 8
Oxidant dosing systems
Air compressor systems
6 - 9
23 - 2
Enhanced Flux Maintenance AIR COMPRESSOR 3

(EFM) systems to reduce

system costs
6 - 8
Disinfectant dosing systems
Coagulant and clean-in-place
(CIP) chemical 3 15 - 2 10
Storage dosing systems
Filtrate particle counter
Typical treatment plant layout for 500,000 gallons per day

Auxiliary equipment to improve treatment capabilities is available on separate

skids, which are equipped with distributed controls that can be integrated into a
master control system to provide optimal, automatic integrated system operation.

Basalt, UT

Lake Powell UT

Stoney Creek, VA Standard Components

Ashford, WA A standard Pall Aria AP packaged system consists of 1 to 60 membrane modules,

one feed/CIP tank and pump, one reverse filtration tank and pump, manual and
Meeteetse, WY automatic valves, flow meter, pressure and temperature sensors, PLC control,
control panel, and a painted carbon steel frame. Other items can be added on
Point of Rocks, WY
request. Separate auxiliary skids are available for compressed air and chemical
Manati, Puerto Rico feed/pre-oxidation.

Painted carbon steel frame

Burleigh Falls, Canada
316 SST pumps with TEFC motors and VFDs
Bruce Mines, Canada
PVC and stainless steel piping
Panel Ray, Mexico Butterfly valves (manual and air operated)
PE tanks with level control
PLC controls and software
Instrumentation (digital and 4-20 ma analog signal)
NEMA-4 electrical enclosures

Operating Conditions
Maximum inlet pressure: 3 bar (44 psi)
Maximum operating temperature: 40C (104F)
Minimum operating temperature: 1C (33F)

Utility Requirements
Electrical Connection

AP 1: 1 ph 230v 50 A
AP 2: 1 ph 230v 30 A or
3 ph 230v 25 A or
3 ph 460v 15 A
AP 3/3x: 3 ph 230v 40 A or
3 ph 460v 25 A
AP 4: 3 ph 460v 40 A
AP 6: 3 ph 460v 70 A

Other voltage can be accommodated, if

required. Water supply for CIP: 25-35C

Module cutaway showing hollow fibers

Microza Hollow Fiber Microfiltration Module9
Membrane material: PVDF
Pore rating: 0.1 micron (m)
Fiber OD/ID: 1.3 mm/0.7 mm
Active filter area: 538 ft2
Module size: 6" diameter x 79" long
Housing: ABS
Gasket: EPDM
Potting material: Urethane

9 Ultrafilters also available

NSF System Listing

Palls family of hollow fiber membrane systems were the
first full systems to be listed in accordance with ANSI/NSF
61 specifications. The Pall Aria AP system is manufactured
from NSF-approved materials and meets all requirements
Pall R&D team members
for potable water service.

ISO 9000 Certification

Palls North American manufacturing, engineering, sales, and marketing opera-
tions have received ISO 9001 registration from Lloyds Register of Quality
Assurance Limited. ISO 9001, which also covers design and development func-
tions, represents the highest, most comprehensive level of ISO 9000 certification.
The quality system and procedures are regularly audited to assure compliance
and proper record keeping before the certification is renewed.

Pall Aria AP Systems - Operations

Clean Water, Clean System

Filtration (Normal Production)

Feed water enters the bottom of the module and is distributed uniformly to the
outside of the fibers. Since it is under pressure, the water passes through the hol-
low fiber membranes, and filtered water exits through the top of the module.
Under normal conditions, all of the feed water flows through the membranes and
exits as filtered water. Depending on the feed quality, a small amount of the feed
water may be circulated past the outside of the hollow fibers. This flow prevents
the accumulation of foulants and debris on the surface of the membrane and
helps to evenly distribute flow through the membrane fibers.

Flux Maintenance (FM)

As water is filtered, rejected particulate accumulates in the module on the surface
of the membrane fiber. The effect is a flow restriction in the module, resulting in an
increase in transmembrane pressure (TMP). FM is a two-step process, consisting
of simultaneous air scrubbing (AS) and reverse filtration (RF), followed by flushing
with feed or filtered water. This is a mechanical process to remove the debris from
the module and reduce the rate of overall increase in transmembrane pressure.

Flux maintenance is initiated at a preset interval of water throughput or, as a sec-

ondary trigger, by a preset time interval. The air valve opens and air is injected at
low pressure into the feed side of the module. At the same time, filtered water that
has been collected in the RF tank is pumped in the reverse direction through the
module and out through the main system drain. Air and RF flow are then stopped.
At this point, most, if not all, accumulated debris in the module has been swept to

To complete the cycle, a flush is performed by circulating feed or filtrate, depend-

ing on raw water quality, at high velocity from the feed/RF tank along the outside
and then the inside of the membrane fibers. This last flow of liquid is directed
through the excess recirculation port of the module to drain. This further dislodges
and removes debris from the module that was captured by the membrane fibers.

Pall Aria AP systems perform this fully automated cycle every 20 - 120 minutes,
interrupting forward flow for about 1.5 - 2 minutes.

Enhanced Flux Maintenance (EFM)
To ensure maximum efficiency and lowest total cost of ownership,
Pall developed an enhanced cleaning technique to keep the
membranes free of fouling materials. EFM is a fully automated
process that uses water with mild chemical solutions to signifi-
cantly reduce TMP. A reduction in TMP decreases pumping
energy and results in fewer modules, which in turn scales
down the system footprint and lowers facility heating and
cooling costs.

The highly crystalline polyvinylidene flouride (PVDF) hollow

fiber membranes that are part of every Pall Aria AP system
make EFM possible. These fibers are exceptionally
strong and chemically resistant, with a life of 10+
years, even with daily EFM. When changes in
water conditions make EFM unnecessary, the on-
board control system disables it, increasing effi-
ciency of the Pall Aria AP system.

Chemical Clean-in-Place (CIP)

Backwash and EFM are designed to remove particulate matter and foulants. In
most applications, it will occasionally be necessary to execute a complete CIP
process. The CIP process is a two-step protocol using a caustic solution with
chlorine and an acidic solution. This process will return the modules to nearly new
condition and can be performed hundreds of times over the life of the modules.

Since CIP operation is infrequent, the process is semi-automated. The cleaning

and rinse cycles are programmed for manual initiation and require minimal opera-
tor intervention.

Pall Aria AP-4 System

Pretreatment Requirements
Pall Aria AP water treatment systems provide reliable, low maintenance perform-
ance. A 400 m strainer is included on the feed water line to prevent debris from
clogging small passages in the system.

A heated structure is required where freezing temperatures are expected. A roof
may be required in other areas to prevent damage from sunlight and high temper-

A pre-engineered metal, concrete, or wood frame building is acceptable and can

be designed to address many aesthetic concerns.

Seismic Design
The skid can be modified for use in Seismic Zone 4 areas (highest hazard). An
anchoring plan will be furnished upon request.

CIP Conditions
Pall recommends that all chemicals for treatment and CIP be purchased
in solution form. Water for CIP should be heated to 31-38C (90-100F).
Contact Pall to obtain the recommended CIP procedures and specifica-
tions for chemicals.

Wastewater Disposal
The FM wastewater and CIP and EFM wastes can be discharged to a sani-
tary sewer, if available. In areas without sanitary sewers, the FM waste-
water can be discharged to a settling pond to remove suspended solids.
The clarified supernatant may be discharged to a local receiving stream or
recycled to the plant feed water. Pilot testing may be required before recycling the
supernatant. If sanitary sewers are unavailable, CIP and EFM wastes should be
combined and neutralized prior to collection and disposal by a waste hauler.
These wastes can be disposed of like septic system sludge. The customer is
responsible for contacting the local regulatory agencies and obtaining the appro-
priate permits and approvals before initiating any discharge of process waste-

Contact Us for Support or Information

Remote online monitoring of system performance by Pall water specialists and

membrane maintenance contracts are available from Pall. Contact your local Pall
representative or Pall Corporation to obtain more information.

25 Harbor Park Drive Visit us on the Web at www.pall.com/water
Port Washington, NY 11050
Pall Corporation has offices and plants throughout the world. For Pall representatives in your area,
+1 516 801 9906 telephone please go to www.pall.com/contact.
+1 888 428 5597 toll free US
water@pall.com Because of technological developments related to the products, systems, and/or services
described herein, the data and procedures are subject to change without notice. Please
consult your Pall representative or visit www.pall.com to verify that this information remains

Copyright 2004, 2006, 2011, Pall Corporation. Pall, , and Pall Aria are trademarks of Pall Corporation.
indicates a trademark registered in the USA. Filtration. Separation. Solution. and ENABLING A GREENER
FUTURE are service marks of Pall Corporation.

WP-300e Produced in the USA August 2011