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EMAHATAPA ATH

HA PABOEPEHO KPAHE
(EPBA TPET XX .):
MAHCKE MEH OTOKX

op KPBOE,
a. copecx a,
oe acoo oc. ea-
oecoo epcea
. aa T

Beee

copecoe pae paoepeo pa o opo oo-


e XVIII epo pe XX . opeea o eeae-
aao, ocoo pecaex oc eeo. B e-
ee ece ccax aoee oax eeaee -
ppoa pae, ece, ooe, Ca, opce,
Occoce, apopce p. Ho XX . o ox px
a a paoepeo pae ocac oo ocoa-
. O e ocoa, pe paee e a-
cea oecex aao XVIII ., pe pacpoa. Co
peee o poecc copc.
a a aao a paoepeo pae aa-
p ocoo x cocoe, cceoae e ae
a opao coao-ooeco cppe xoceoo

8
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

aapaa. Ta, E.pxoo1 B.Mapa2 a pepoae a-


aa poecca apoo ooa ee paoepeo pa-
, oppoae oapo, pae ape ee po oo-
eco , a ae caee aaa poccco ap poo-
oce pae oe XVIII . aa a ae opoo-
o oeca apeaopo oceccopo, a ae a pace c
oo, aop e oe poecc eoe eoe, oco
ae ceo o aea caoc e apeaop, o-
ceccop, a oa oac. poa e poccco oc-
apceo ae aop ae paccapa oo a coco -
a ooccax oo e ca c poecco poe
poo eeae.
Aa ooecoo coco paoepex a
aao oe XVIII-XX . pecae paoax B.Cepa3,
.opeo4 O.opocoo5. Aop ocoe apae-
pa a epo opopa paoepex e-
e coca Poccco ep. Paccapa peeceo o-
oe ee oeco eeae e a o
poecc oapo-eex ooe, cceoae e e ocoo
copaee eeae oecex aao. Pe ao
cae e o ax, cocpeooex ox pax.
oc cop E o6, cce copec c -
co oox, aepe ae oo a paee
aceca Cacaa ecoo oooo, o cae p-
e p poe a, o oopx pe oe e.
1
pxoo E.C. Coao-ooecoe pae oeeo xoca a pa-
oepeo pae o opo ooe XVIII .: Aope. c.... a. c. a. K., 1958.
2
Mapa B.A. Maacoe oece paoepeo pa opo oo
XVIII .: Coao-ooecoe pae. K., 1961.
3
Serczyk W. Wo Humanska w drugiej poowie XVIII wieku (z problematyki spoecznej
i gospodarczej) // Zeszyty naukowe unwersytety Jagieoskiego: Prace Historyczne. Zeszyt
5. 1961. S. 75-100.
4
opeo .M. Eo ox ocoapc paoepeo pa
XV oa XX c. (a aepaax Kacoo a aox): Aope.
c.... a. c. a. oe, 1997.
5
opoc O.M. o ocoapca paoepeo pa oax
po oapo-poox oc ep oo XX c.: Aope. c.... a.
c. a. oe, 2000.
6
Lojek J. Potomkowie Szczenego: dzieje fortuny Potockich z Tulczyna. Lublin, 1988.

9
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

Oeo cee caa o e a oa1, oopo pe-


cae oe a cocoe aeap cox pa-
epa coax pepecc po xeca paoepeo
pa 30-x aae 60-x oo. Aop aae, o oca-
e paoepeo x aec c ap o o-
poo ocoo eeae, oao e paccapae
ee c c poee a.
C o .oa epeaec paoa B.ep2, oopo
ocee ocoe apae apco apapo o a pa-
oepee e oc occa. Aop oaae, o a
oa peceoaa e p coxpae eoao coceo-
c a e copa oc ee cpe eeaee
oopeeo c o op-eoo, ox poccc-
o ap, o e aae a o, o o poecc ac
poe a.
Cee ae oe cceoae A.Ko3, oopoe pe-
cae coo oec aa oeceo-oecx co-
ao-ooecx ee xeca ooco
ep 1830-1863 . Oao aop cae ee cp-
pe paepax poo eeae peeceo c oc
occae 1830-1831 .
Ka , copopa poe coao-ooecoo
pa aacx e acae ocaoo ooe co
o, oao cceoae e opaac opoc eaaap-
a (poe px aacx a).
B ao cae peaaec aa poecca eaaapa
a a paoepeo pae. B aece pepa
ace e ocx aao oox. B peae
cceoa ee p, oope cpoa e-
aaapa: pae ox a c c eee
oeca aceo; eoooc aceo aox aa-
1
oa . x, pa peop. oca xa apo a pac-
aca. K., 1996.
2
epa B.. Apapa oa apa a paoepeo pae 30-x
aae 60-x oo XX .: Aope. c.... a. c. a. K., 1992.
3
Ko O.. Caoe oco x a o epo oca
1830-1831 1863 po: Aope. c.... a. c. a. , 1997.

10
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

o XVIII . ox cox poo op e


ca c poecc ee oeca apeaopo o-
ceccopo, oope c oa pepaac o aee pee ape-
oax e; oceeoe eee oeca poccc-
x eeaee, oope oa co e aece p-
aoo p ae paa c pecae cee aao; o-
a pocccx ace, apaea a eee ocoo
eeae, ocoeo oce occa 1830-1831 .

1. Maace a
o opo ooe XVIII .

Bo opo ooe XVIII . a paoepee oo e


cee aeap: Cacaa oooo, oopo pae-
a aa, Tc, Moec, aec , O-
xoeoe poe capoca paaco ooco oeo-
cax (ceo 312 ce opoo); poa oooo oc,
Kpacc, Maxoc, apc, cc ; apo-
pcoo 165 aceex o Meoco, oco,
paoco, Capocco, Hoaeco ax, eeco
Kaeo capocax 19 ce Keaocoo e a Bo;
pax c eoepoa ocacoe capoco; Bopo-
e Tpooc c ; opcoo 168 ce
opoo ex oepe a ecpe; ecx Hooo-
caoc, e, Mxaoc poe cea
oocoo oeoca a Bo; Occocx Xeoe
capoco1.
eee ae aao aec peca coo o-
capca ocapce, o a x eppop ac aaa a
epao ooac a aee, oco oopoo coca-
cocee oee ac, opa xoceoo pae,
p .. Cecoae ax epa ocoeo po po-
ceaec a paoepeo pae, oopa a oaea o
opeo o pecaa coo pa epaoo aac-
1
Mapa B.A. Maacoe oece... C. 41.

11
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

oo ococa1. Hae ax oaoax ocapcex o-


paoa, oope pa a po oco ocapce, o-
co eepaooe aao a o poecoe, a o
eeoecoe ooee Pe ocoo.
Ocaea oa ce oe peaa ae cocex
ocapc. Ee o ao e a opa: opaoae apco
oeepa (1768-1772 .), ac oopo e a eo-
xooc peoppoa ocoo oeca po ep-
eaoa2, a ae eee co ca oa occa-
e 1768 . a paoepee3 opaee a oo poccco
epape Eaepe oaa, o oecx cocoo
caoe caoc oco ocapce e ocaoc. Oca-
ee o ocooac cocee ocapca (Acp, pc-
c, Pocc), ocec 1772 . epoe pacpeeee: 750 c.
. o coxpa oo 524,5 c., a 15 acee
oo 10 4.
Topoa oeepa (1792 .) aea oa-
eca opa pcc Pocc aepac ocae 12 ap
1793 . oe o oo paee Pe ocoo, oop o-
ee oepa Acp. pcc aa a (ac), Top
aae oac, a Pocc oeoca Kecoe, paacoe,
oocoe, Mcoe aco Becoe, Hoopocoe, pec-
ocoe Bocoe oeoca. oep x eppop caa
oo eoaoc oeepao. poec ce (-
1793 .) c paoc exooc ooe
o, o 11 o aee Pocc oa a ea
coacc c oope. o ocaoc 2,5 paa
ee eppop acee, e oce epoo paea, 215
c. . 4 e.5
1
Eeo A.. cop pacoo apoa. K., 1990. C. 358.
2
100 e op ocoo apoa a coo. o .aoco, .Ko
p. / o pe. .ocoo. M., 1907. C. 6.
3
C. eaee: Xpaa .. Caax apooo: Aeoae apoo-
oe oca a paoepe pa 1768-1769 pp. K., 1990.
4
100 e op ocoo apoa... C. 6.
5
p B.. oa, Pocc CCCP: copece oep. M.;., 1928. C. 94;
Co B.A. Boa paoepeo pa Poc. K., 1978. C. 139-141; 100
e op ocoo apoa... C. 9-10.

12
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

o 5 ape 1793 . pc a epoc poccco opoe p-


ec Ca, ooe p., o poecc poxo eocaoo
ao cpo poee o cecocoo xeco a
poe ee a ec. Ocooo a aca cee a-
: o 28 a 1772 ., oop oca cex ee pcoeex
ee o e coco, oopo o oocc coo
ea, a ae peoca a co copo ocapca; o 27
apa 1793 . o peocae xe pa pe, oop
ooaoc pocccoe opco; o 30 op 1794 . o coxpa-
e pa aco coceoc a ee e peoc-
x, oop oe ae o aoa Pe ocoo; o 14
eap 1795 . o oepe pa, ooce peec,
oop aa ooac Pocc coco o oe epao-
pa1; o 29 op 1796 . o coxpae ca acx opoo,
oopx a paoepeo pae o oo.
B peae ooo eppopaoo paea a paoepee
poo oe ee. paacoe oeoco pepao
coe cecoae 1793 . Ha epx opax eo eppop oo-
c xoa coca ooeo ep, oe (1795 .) ae-
ceca, a 27 ap 1795 . eo e pao e o
o coaoe Boececoe aececo, oe ep. Cpe
ex opoo a ae a. oee (1796-1797 .) ac
e e coca Keco ep2.
oee xoco o copec epo aceo o
cex aopo: 1) cocoe xoca a oe opopa-
coca Poccco ep; 2) oa pocccoo apa
ooceo oeo oece eo ooe paoepeo-
xec; 3) e ocx occa a oeco oo-
ee aacx e; 4) opcee eeae paoepe-
o pa; 5) oeco e peccx , eoxooe
oe ooeco caoc e, acooe coco-
e aea (o ace aee, -poaa e, a-
1
ooe copae aoo Poccco ep, c 1649 . (aee C-1). T.
XIX (1770-1774). C., 1830. 13808; T. XXIII (1789 . 6 op 1796 .). C.,
1830. 17108, 17418.
2
epeo O. paaca ep paace aco // Kca Capo-
a. 2000. 1. C. 45-46; C-1. T. XX. 17300, 17343; T. XXIV. (C 6 op 1796 .
o 1798 .). C., 1830. 17634.

13
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

e ape), a ae opoc aceoa coceoc; 6) pa-


e coceo xoceo cce, oopa caa c po-
ae cecoxocex p, pae oooca o
po aoo pep epepaaae oac: caxapoao-
o, ope ..; 7) ae oex xoc oapo-
eee ooe; 8) aoooe c p aeop a-
cee (peca, epo ce, apeaopa, e-
accpoa xa ..).

2. Haao poecca eaaapa


acx ae: ep a (o 1805 .)

K epece e aopa cee oec eaaapa-


(poee opox a), oopa pocxoa a paoe-
peo pae epo pe XX . oce paeo Pe ocoo
a c opa e oa a epx opax coca Boece-
coo aececa, a oe ep (a aa o 30 op 1796 .).
B 1795 . coa ac e, o, o-o, cao c opae-
e Pocc eex ee aea a Cacaa o-
ooo. Caca ec (ec) pa oo (1751-1805 .)
oce poaa Topoo oeepa paeo o pe oca-
oce e. Haxoc ee o pee pae c eo
Aae Me (c 1774 .), o ea coe co c c Coe
B (1760-1822), oopa a ae. H ea, B e a
coac a pao, pe epa ooaac oepo poccco -
epap, oopo oa a pecaea 1787 . Ceoo a 1793 .
oo a co coe eo coaee, coaco oopo oa o-
aa ce paa a paee pac e oox, o a-
o oa a aa e o 50 c. ao (900 c. ocx
ox). B o epo a eppop acoo ea Keco ep
o acpoao 159 aceex o, ce o paea a-
a Caca pa ooo1.
1
Lojek J. Potomkowie Szczenego... S. 58-59; Saturnin Sobol. Polskie rody arystokratyczne.
Pozna, 2001. S. 88-89; epa epa icop apxi pa . Ki
(aee IAK pa), . 49, o. 1, cp. 1828, 2169; . 2214, o. 1, cp. 7, ap. 2
o.; Zychlinski T. Zota ksiga szlachty polskiej:rocznik XIV. Pozna, 1893. S. 59.

14
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

B aae 1795 . pa oo ce epape Eae-


pe ca: e oe e o O, poe apca Ba-
e Moc. He oce po opae Cacaa Poc-
c cpa co 1794 . oe, eaoe xocoae
e (e poc oo pa o, eape 1793 . a ee
ae opac Eaepa epe ocpa aa a c
150 c. epoe), acoe ape eae c
pa c Coe, oop peoa ep oc B1. Boceaao-
o epa 1796 . c. Oooa a ae ae opa
o paoe Co oca. B cooec c coaee epa o-
aa coo, a opo eopcce e 300 c. ox (o
oooo) a peoo a. oo oa ae ce
o Ba, oope ae. Oa ca oeca,
oop o a Co ee cp, cocaa ce 2 .
ox. Pao c eo pooe oo 1798 ., a 17(28) ape
oo e oa Te aco ceco ep cocooc e-
ae Co Cacaa, oopoe poo o aoec pao-
ca aoa2.
Ka e oeaoc, ec ac e oe XVIII . axo-
c coceoc paa Cacaa eca (ec) oo-
oo. Eo ae, ecop a oep Xpcoo, oop oce
paeo o ooe Acp ooe oa, opoc-
. B 1768 . eo o 8 opoo 173 cea, 1794 . 9 opoo
264 cea3, oe XVIII aae XX . 312 opoo, opoo
ce4. Ha 1797 . Caca ooo aco ee peaea-
117 aceex o, oopx poa 30952 .
oa 28328 e. oa, px oeo ee o pee
e acpoao5. Ho o 1830 . ooe oep coe ooooe
ooee a ae o pa pa (o, oope opao-
ac a poe XVIII epo eep XX .; a paea
aceca caaa oce cep Cacaa, a oo Co).
1
IAK, . 49, o. 1, cp. 36, ap. 18; Lojek J. Op. cit. S. 59-60.
2
IAK, . 2214, o. 1, cp. 6, ap. 135-137; . 49, o. 1, cp. 1352; Lojek J.
Potomkowie Szczenego... S. 62.
3
Serczyk W. Wo Humanska... S. 75.
4
Mapa B.A. Maacoe oece... C. 41.
5
epa apxi Kco oaci (aee AKO), . 2, o. 3, cp. 375, ap. 8.

15
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

O epx ox coceo a ae ca pa
Aa Moec (1742-1823 .), oop oe XVIII .
oooo ecoo ce (1000 ). Moec paea a-
eop coceo, oope paee c aa ( ao
cae Caca ooo). o 1793 . o cea ocaoo a-
oec apep Pe ocoo: 1786 . aepep
ocoo opo Cacaa Aca; 1788-1792 . ea ce-
a; 1792 . eepa-aop, ac Topoo oeepa
apa paacoo oeoca. oce opoo paea o
pa pe co o a c Pocc. o opae oo-
oo eex ee o pooeoe pe (ae oce
o ce) o oaoc eoea, ooo-
eoo (paeo), aaap Cacaa1. B aae XX .
o epea paee Pac ee coe c E (oc-
) 1811 . e co coceoc o 2 252 . B 1824-
1827 . pa E. Moec ae 2 097 a (513 peccx
opo) Paco e (cea Paa, opoa, Koocoe,
Aooa, ocxoa, epoo), oope o aceoa oce
cep oa2.
Ho cocea caoc x, oope a-
ac apeo (ocecc) aacx ex. p oe Cac-
aa paee acx ex o e ee 60 apeao-
po. Caca aa paee c oo, o paoa cex apeao-
po, o aee paep ae, oco eocao -
aco, eae coa coce, oo pae ap,
oco oopo coca eeee x, aca eo
occao ape ocecc e. B 1794 . 23,2% ce a
ae axooc apee ocecc, a 76,8% epae-
o coceoc paa oooo3.
1
IAK, . 2214, o. 1, cp. 35, ap. 47-49; Caec E. . cop oa
aceco pe a paoepeo pae XVIII epo ooe XX .
M., 1968. C. 160-161; Caa o aceex ecocx Keco ep, ca-
cece, copece epoe ae o cex epex, ceax, eceax
opoax peeax ep axoxc, copa . oxe. K., 1864. C. 356-358.
2
IAK, . 533, o. 1, cp. 1399, ap. 18; o. 2, cp. 180, ap. 28 .; AKO, . 2,
o. 3, cp. 474, ap. 3 . 4.
3
Caec E.. cop oaaceco pe... C. 155-157, 160; IAK,
. 49, o. 2, cp. 309. . o: Serczyk W. Wo Humanska... S. 81.

16
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

B aae XX . acx aex oox oceccoo


ae a poa 85% (130) cex aceex o. Bce-
o o ec oceccopo, oope coepa poa o co
opoe c 1801-1809 .: Heoo (39), Tpc (41), ac-
ac (42), cc (2), pec (2), Kc (3)1. ae
ceec, o oae oce ce poa a-
xoac pax pex : Heoooo 30,2%, Tpcoo
31,8% acacoo 32,5%. ac pex px a eaeo:
Kcoo 2,3%, ccoo 1,55%, pecoo 1,55%2.
B 1811 . cea aoa Taaoa ae E (oc) He-
oo, a 1827 . eo c Caca. B o e o aece
cocea c. Bepxa acpoa cc, a c. Bepoaa
Tpc3.
Ta opao, eaaapa acx e aaac ee
oe XVIII ., o oa aeo copac oce cep Cac-
aa ec ( 1805 .), oa paepac ooe opa a
eo aceco.

3. Bopo a

B ape 1805 . oece aa Caca ec o-


o ep. Tp coco pae Caca oca oce
ce ooe oeco ee (xo o epoo paa o ee e
e)4, oope ca acea opox ae 16 opoo
opoo, 429 ce, 130 249 peox . oa. ooa
p o x a ce 2 . ox5, o o o e
ec oce eo cep coca 11 623 444 ox6. o oee
o ocea, oope poee 1806-1807 ., ce
e Cacaa oooo, epeee acea, oo-
e oa a c 16 123 674 ox. O opaoac oco-
1
IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 316.
2
IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 316
3
IAK, . 533, o. 1, cp. 1399, ap. 18; o. 2, cp. 180, ap. 29-30 .
4
IAK, . 49, o. 1, cp. 2169.
5
IAK, . 2214, o. 1, cp. 35, ap 48.
6
Caec E.. cop oaaceco pe... a. co. C. 160.

17
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

o o pe ocoa ecoo apa a, oa ca apa


a cpoeco Coe oca 2 000 250 p. cepepo, o
cooece 15 . ocx ox1.
Boceaaoo 1806 . epe oa Ceaa (p-
ope c aoa), oop caaa opo aceoa e-
ca oa, ec x o ecoo. B aece pepa o o
cooe eo paea aceca Cacaa ec. o caoe-
o, o Co ooa (oce ea paa) ee pao a 1/8
ac aceca apae c co oooo, oopx o ceepo:
o paa c eo Me ec-p, Caca, poca,
Bap, a o paa c Coe Aecap, Meca oeca.
Peee Ceaa ec-p aae oeo pae poc-
aa Bapa cecp a o coe 18 e. Co
aaaac oee a co e: Aecapo, Mecao,
oecao, Coe Oo. pa ooa oaa pa c
co ac aceca a paax eoo poeoo ae2.
epe eoopoe pe, 18 op 1807 . e acea
o aeo pooe coaee o pacpeee aceca pa-
a Cacaa oooo. Haceco o oeeo ce o-
pao: ec-p o paac , Caca Co-
ooc, poca Xaoac, Bap aec; co
Co o: Aecap ac , Meca Tc-
, oeca Tpoce, caa Co Topo c
. Hepocoe ee o peeo oe e cecpa,
aa oopx oa a o co ac aece pa-
oo o oce e coepeoe3.
B paaco eo ce 7 eap 1809 . o aeo
pooe coaee o pepae cex pee ooceo pa-
ea aceca. o p cee pee:
1) a pae oe aa cecpa Coe
Oe o 112 c. ox, a Co ooa 1 200 c. ox, c
poe a c 400 c. ox a caee ap. Ta
1
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 268, ap. 57; Koceo .C., Xpaa .., M B.B.,
ap B.. epoo ap Coa. K., 1996. C. 93.
2
C-1. T. XXIX (1806-1807). C., 1830. 22219; IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp.
316.
3
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 268, ap. 54.

18
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

opao, oa ca paoo ao cecep oa a co-


ca e ee 2 . ox;
2) caaac opo aoaea oo e pa-
e oox, a ae pao, aoex a e,
oope axoc acao ae;
3) a ace (ec co paa oooo)
oe oa Coe 1/8 ac cex epe o e o
paee aceca;
4) a ace oe a ac oo, o-
opa cac a aceoa ee;
5) o ce peca Tcoo e oa
a a Co a oea;
6) a oo oe ae oa 1/8 ac a-
pa, oope oeca pa ooa a coopee Tcoo
ocea1.
Kaaoc , poea peea, ep a paea aeap
oox cococ, o pacp e acea pooac. Ha
poe 1813-1814 . paoaa cea occ Keco, o-
oco Boco ep o pacceoa ea o paee ec-
oce Cacaa ec2. K coae, e aoc cao o-
o, o oox poa ee coae, o eco, o ace-
o Me eoopao ac o ocpa Co-
o oe a e, o e ee oece paa.
B 1816 . a pepa oepea oa ocpa Co-
oo o oe a e. He oce po x co-
x cpaa aca opca oea. Ho pa ooa a-
a, o ce a o xoceo-pecx aceax oe axo-
c oo ope, e oca poee pe ( cae
epe pc pe e pooc). epaopc a
cao, o eca oea peca co ooo, Co o-
oa oa ec c o o 912 000 p., a ce pee
ooceo oe a ee ee cee oe3.
B 1817-1818 . pooo cpaopapoe coe: Meca
oe a pap ooe e oo c Coe, o ae c pa
1
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 268, ap. 58-61, 69 .
2
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 24.
3
C-1. T. XXXIII (1815-1816). C., 1830. 26471.

19
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

cecpa. eo o, o ca coea cop o eo po-


e o acoo paoa Kapao. Meca o co
a papae. oe e Coe Mecao o aeo
coaee o pacpeee aceca Cacaa. Meca ca
ca o aceo coceoc, oopa paeaa
pa C.-. ooo (c eo o ac, oop o aceoa
o aep)1. Hecop a eee ppee aep ca (e oc-
e po e cpaa poa Aecapa ca Mecaa),
oe Co e a eo coe aeae, o o oc oce
ee cep epecopa aceca a co o2.
B epo e paea (1805-1822 .) acecee
ae oox peepe ae oecee ee. B
1808 . cea aa, apa Tea poa Caca
oaco, a c. oa oe Teo epee3, a 1811 .
a o e (27 ap) Caca oo, e-aa aep-
ep Eo epaopcoo Beeca poa epe cea: c. Oooa
(a) Mapoco Kap o, c. aoa e-
pe, cea xoa eaxoa Mapae apoco4.
B 1809 . Co ooa paccapaa peoee co copo-
ace e opo a. Tao peee e :
1805 . a 783 668 p. cepepo e opo Moe ooco
ep, o o co eooec xoce xapaepc-
a o ca a. o caoeo, o oo p
191 145 ox, 28 671 p. cepepo, . a poc o
ce ca: cpeca o ocecc, ap, a, ca-
, cop o poa oapo ..5 C 172 xe pa o-
oa oaa (ee pe) a e oa 1 997
ox, eex 70 ox, ca 119 ox o ace
207 ox. Oa ca aee opoco x aee opo-
a cocaa 2 393 ox. Oao eoope x e co-
ceoc oa, o ocooe o a ee pao oo-
: opo aacaa, oc c, Map Mac-
1
IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 25.
2
Lojek J. Potomkowie Szczenego... S. 90-92; IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 267, ap. 3-3 .
3
Caa o aceex ecocx... C. 356-358; IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 1758,
ap. 116.
4
IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 299, 301, 302.
5
AKO, . 2, o. 3, cp. 2164, ap. 39-43, 63 .

20
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

, ao Ao e, e Meep, p coe-
Kc, Ape ocece, x Mcoc 1. o-
ap, cc eo 1809 ., a ae a ea (eo o-
ee 500 c. p. cepepo), peoea a . a, aca
pa oo oaac o poa opoa2.
B 1819 . poccce ac coa ca appo ee oo-
x. po Co ace o e Me
oac oepeoo oea oe epe paac co, a
ae caoe oee ecoo opo co copo ocapca
a pacxoa pa o ac oecaa, Co O, oope
ee axoc o oeo3.
eaaoo op 1822 . epe epa pa Co
ooa, oopa ocaa ooe aceco 15 . ox o-
o. B coe aea (o 23 a 1822 .) oa paa eooco
Mecao a co ocaa eo e aceca. Oco a-
cea Co ca ee e o Cacaa Aecap, oeca,
Co, Oa c o paa c Bo a4. Ho Meca e coac-
c c a paeo eee ocex e oac epecopa
aea5. o ooaeo pae aceca Co a o-
ce ac (o aee oopo c 13 apa 1826 .):
1) Aecap Coooc c 5869 peo a
5869000 ox oo, a ae a oo cea co
e;
2) oeca Hepoc (cecp oaac ec o-
ooe pe e, oopoe o o o o pae-
coae o 1807 .) c 10 402 pe. a 8 381 600 ox
oo, a ae cea aco ee ooco ep;
3) Co Kceea (ooa) Topo c 3 780 pe.
a 3 780 000 ox oo, a ae aceex o
co e a ope oo 2 ox paoo;
4) Oa Hapa (ooa) Taoc c 3 897 pe.
a 3 897 000 ox oo, p cea Topoo e oo
co a oeceee oo, a ae 2 ox paoo;
1
AKO, . 2, o. 3, cp. 2164, ap. 35, 58 .
2
AKO, . 2, o. 3, cp. 2164, ap. 81; IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 1758, ap. 36, 58-59.
3
IAK, . 49, o. 2, cp. 20.
4
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 267.
5
IAK, . 49, o. 3, cp. 87.

21
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

5) Meca 699 pe. ceax eepo, Caaoa,


Kpaceoe Hepoco e;
6) pa a B 1 592 pe. ceax epa Kaa,
a, po, Pa Moc, a ae ceax Ooo, Co-
ea, Mecaa Xepcoco ep 551 169 ox oo.
Aecap oeca o a e o 100 c. p.
cepepo a1.
o coaee o aeo 15 ap 1827 .2, o epe-
copa aea, a oee, eo oe eaa peoa e oo
Meca, o cecp Co Oa. Cecp axoc o -
e cox e aa Kceea (c 1821 .) a Hapa (c
1824 .), oope cpa oce paocoea co p pa-
ee e, paea x ea. B acoc, ae K-
cee pa Topo c a a ocoa oe-
peoc, oop o o e Co. o ao coae-
ae Co o ooac oxoa o cex ceex
e a pax paax (ec a ec)3.
Ta opao, aoap paa ooo Cacaa ooo-
o c pecae ecx pocccx cee pocxoo po-
oee pocccoo eea eeae acoo ea.
Ha paoepex ex o poecc aac oe XVIII ., o-
a e oco opo eoopx pao epe co-
ceoc ocapca. o pocccoo opca oeco
eeae paoepe o o cepe XX . oca-
oo ca.
o ae Kceeo Hapo o epecopeo pac-
peeeoe coaee o 1 cep 1823 ., ocaoe T-
e4. Ho oe coae a e a oea a co opoc:
e aee a aceo ooc? Koa oc-
oa ae Aecapa a ace oco occa, o-
poc o acece ce coa.
1
IAK, . 1411, o. 1, cp. 7, ap. 51-56.
2
IAK, . 1411, o. 1, cp. 7, ap. 72.
3
p H.M. ocapcee pece peopa ..Kceea. T. .
M.;., 1946. C. 248; Kpoe .. oo epa a: Tca . K., 2000.
C. 10.
4
IAK, . 467, o. 1, cp. 3054, ap. 9-12.

22
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

oce occa 1830-1831 . xoe pepeccx epop


a paoepee o ocoao aeoe oeco e-
oox: Aecapa, Bapa, epaa, ea1.
He pecae a o coco oeeo eea-
e aco ee 20-30-e o XX .
Taa 1
oe acoo ea o coco a 1824 .*



100
153
60
141
6
50
30
50
75
40
, 145
82
90
70
50
76
40
116
75
, 90
18
66
77
32
133
143
135
61
106
137
47

1
oa . x, pa peop... K., 1996. C. 322-323.

23
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

47
78
86
30
71
137
101
150
86
29
72
111
57
113
152
137
89
32
100
70
78
19
87
79
25
61
77
53
51
170
, 102
, 71
52
32
66
88
112
119
, 410
, 230
195
222
100
60
91

24
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

, , 90
124
110
78
45
92
87
88
15
67
45
25
40
134
39
91
100
82
154
94
71
103
68
156
126
32
50
67
98
87
80
51
114
56
88
114
82
76
73
123
96
83
65
191
144
157
150
124
25
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...
150
124
142
42
270
70
51
200
88
70
110
165
53
27
45
59
51
50
: 75

54
42
47
59
96
45
90
50
109
57
70

90
*AKO, . 2, o. 2, cp. 4745

26
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

Taa 2
oe acoo ea o coco a 1830 .*



390 .

2993 .
159 .
, 1658
525 .
305 .
: 480 .

315 .
438 .
360 .
185 .
144 .
339 .
, : 661 .

273 .
244 .
() 374 .
433 .
: , , 267 .

, 691 .
, : , 2148 .

479 .
25 .
268 .
369

, 2233
, 18174 .
, 494
480 .
: 757 .
253 .

27
Coaa pacopa eece ooe...

: , 403 .

1082 .
256 .
456 .,

91 .
317 .
, 1150 .

: 250 .

204 .
360 .
765 .
: 517 .
: , 137 .
,
: 283 .
197 .
451 .
*IAK, . 533, o. 2, cp. 664

aee

Ha ocoe aaa pa acx e oox oe


XVIII epo pe XX . caoeo, o eaaapa o-
pee cee aop:
pae ox a c c eee oeca
aceo;
eoooc ooo aox aao XVIII . ox
cox poo op e ca c po-
ecc ee oeca apeaopo oceccopo, oope c oa-
pepaac o aee pee apeoax e;
oceeoe eee oeca pocccx eeae-
e, oope oa co e aece paoo p ae-
paa c pecae cee aao, apep oox;
oa pocccoo paeca, apaea a ee-
e ocoo eeae, ocoeo oce occa 1830-1831 .
28
eaaapa a a paoepeo pae...

Cee oe, o poecc eaaapa pooac


o o 1917 ., oa peooe co pe a-
oeeo eeae. K epece e aopa
eoxoo oa ae peop 1861 . ocee ee-
eeo opoce, o o ea oeoo cceoa.

29