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TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

ABSTRACK

THE ROLE OF HYDROLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER


RESOURCES IN CENTRAL SULAWESI

By : Ade Aswin

Development is the coaching and regulation of water and / or water sources


covering aspects of development, protection and utilization (Susela et al., 1992).

Management is the arrangement of a unified system one of the managerial


forms by involving the relevant parties so it can optimize the existing resources.

Provision is the process, the way and the act of providing goods (water) that
contains the meaning of sustainable business and on the merits, functions and values
in terms of quality and quantity related to the scale of place / space and time.

Water resources are all things tangible to support development.

River Flow Area (DPS) is a unity a naturally formed water system in which
water absorbs and or flow through rivers and streams (PP RI No. 22 of 1982 on Water
Management).

According to the hydrological sense that DPS (Bassin Versant, Bassin River,
Cathcment Area) can be approached geographical and geological. Both of these
approaches respectively have limitations and advantages in the settlement water
dynamics (Roche M, 1963).

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. BACKGROUND
Based on Law No. 7 of 2004 on Water Resources, water is all water
contained on, above, or below the soil surface, including in this sense water
surface, ground water, rainwater, and sea water on land. Resource management
water is defined as the application of the structural and non-structural way to
control natural and man-made water resources systems for human benefit and
benefit environmental goals.
1.2. AIM
- to know rainfall data in central sulawesi
1.3. BENEFITS
- can be used to forecast weather in central sulawesi;
- can be used for construction of water buildings.

2. LITERATURE STUDY
2.1. UNDERSTANDING HYDROLOGY
Hydrology is a branch of Geography that studies movement, distribution,
and water quality throughout the Earth, including cycles hydrology and water
resources.

2.2. HYDROLOGY CYCLE


The hydrologic cycle is a process of water expenditure and its change into
water vapor that condenses back into that water unceasingly continuous. As a
result the occurrence of sunlight then arises heat. Given this heat then the water
will evaporate into water vapor from all soil, rivers, lakes, ponds, reservoirs,
seas, ponds, rice fields etc. and the process called evaporation. Evaporation
also happens to all a plant called transpiration (Soedibyo, 2003).

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

The hydrologic cycle begins with the evaporation of water from the ocean.
Steam that produced by the moving air. In that condition lets, the vapor is
condensed to form clouds, at can eventually produce precipitation.
Precipitation falls to earth spread in different directions in several ways. Partly
large from the precipitation while stuck on the ground in close proximity where
it fell, and was eventually restored to the atmosphere by evaporation
(evaporation) and cropping (transpiration) by plants. Some water seeks its
own way through surfaces and parts over the land to the river, while others
penetrate deeper deep into the ground become part of the groundwater
(groundwater). In under the influence of gravity, either surface water flow
(surface streamflow) and water in the ground move to more places low that can
flow into the sea. However, a large amount of water surface and underground
water are returned to the atmosphere by evaporation and sweating
(transpiration) before getting to the sea (Linsley, 1996).

Gambar 1: Siklus Hidrologi

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

3. CONTENT
3.1.AREA AND GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
Central Sulawesi Province is located in the central part of Sulawesi Island,
with an area of 61,230 square kilometers (Central Spatial Data of Central
Sulawesi, Bappeda of Central Sulawesi). The land area is 36.47 percent of the
area of Sulawesi Island. The marine waters of Central Sulawesi reach
193,923.75 km2 with the number of islands of 1,140 islands with the following
regional boundaries:
North by the Sulawesi Sea and Gorontalo Province;
Regency of Maluku and North Maluku in the east;
Southern side bordering South Sulawesi Province and Southeast
Sulawesi Province;
West side bordering Makassar Strait and West Sulawesi Province.
Geographically, Central Sulawesi is located between 2022 'North Latitude and
3048' South Latitude and 119022 'and 124022' East Longitude. Geostrategic
position Central Sulawesi is in the middle of the archipelago and in the middle
of the island of Sulawesi, located in the path of the corridor waters from north
to south to the Pacific Ocean (Makassar Strait and Sulawesi Sea).

3.2. TOPOGRAPHI
Based on the slope of the land (Central Sulawesi BPS 2011), the plains of
Central Sulawesi are detailed as follows:
- Tilt of 0-3o = 11.8 percent
- Tilt of 3-15o = 8.9 percent
- 15-40o slope = 19.9 percent
- Tilt above 40o = 59.9 percent

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

While based on its elevation (altitude from sea level), the plains of Central
Sulawesi region are divided into:
Altitude 0 m - 100 m = 20.2 percent
Elevation 101 m - 500 m = 27.2 percent
The altitude of 501 m - 1,000 m = 26.7 percent
Altitude> 1001 m = 25.9 percent.

3.3. HYDROLOGHY
Throughout the region of Central Sulawesi there are watersheds (DAS)
that flow in the district / city. In addition to the watershed there are also some
lakes that are almost entirely in protected areas (Central Sulawesi BPS 2011).

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

4. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


4.1. CONCLUSIONS
hindrology is very useful in community life, due to the development
of hydrology every water builder builds made more efficient and not
excessive. consequently the funds used are not much cost and durability of
a water building structure can last long. so that people can feel comfortable
and safe from all kinds of disasters that are consumed by water.
4.2. RECOMMENDATIONS
I hope that in the future hydrological science can solve new problems
in water constructions so that people can feel comfortable.

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

5. LITERATURES
- Anonimus. 2011. Pengembangan Sumber Daya Air.
- Budi Kartiwa, Hidayat Parwitan. Degradasi Sumber-Sumber Air.
- 2014. Peraturan Daerah Sulawesi Tengah
- Http://Wikopedia.co.id
- Suryadi, Indrawan. 1990. Statistik Karbon Hutan Sulawesi Tengah 1990-
2011. Dalam bentuk PDF.

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

6. ATTACHMENT

Gambar 6.1: Peta Kelas Lereng Wilayah Sulawesi Tengah

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com


TADULAKO UNIVERSITY

Gambar 3.2: Peta Elevasi Wilayah Sulawesi Tengah

Ade Aswin | F 111 16 031 | adeaswin@gmail.com