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Medium Voltage Distribution

Catalogue | 2015

F400
Air Insulated Switchboard
Withdrawable Vacuum / SF6 circuit-breaker up to 36/40.5kV
Medium Voltage Your requirements
Distribution
F400
AIS switchboard

Safety
bb Operating safety through protection against electrical, mechanical and thermal
effects of a fault (insulation of each compartment)
bb All operations carried out from the front, door closed
bb Voltage Presence Indicator System located on the front panel
bb Position indicator linked to the devices physical position
bb Protection in the event of internal arcing
bb Interlocking devices
bb Anti-reflex handles

Reliability
bb Type-tested solution which complies with the IEC62271-200 standard
bb Design by the most accurate three-dimensional computer techniques`
bb Manufacturing & Testing according to ISO 9001:2008 quality standard

Simplicity
bb Two switching technologies - Same operations for two breaking technologies
bb On-site information retrieval
bb Possibility of remote management
bb Maintenance with power on (LSC2B), very simple
bb Compartmentalization of MV parts (earthed metallic partitions)

Reliability + Simplicity =
Cost optimization!
Medium Voltage Our solutions
Distribution
F400
AIS switchboard

Schneider Electric has developed protection, monitoring and control solutions specifically dedicated to
Medium Voltage networks for over 40 years.
F400 switchgear has been specifically designed on the basis of that extensive experience.
It also incorporates some very new solutions, giving the best in terms of continuity of service and operators
safety.

High-performance breaking devices


Vacuum SF6 SF6
kA 36 kV kA 36 kV kA 40.5 kV
40 40

31.5 31.5 SF2 31.5


SF2
25 25 25
HVX-O2
SF1 SF1

1250 2500 A 1250 2500 A 1250 2500 A


PE58200

A comprehensive solution
F400 switchgear is fully compatible with
bbPowerMeter and Circuit Monitor metering units.
bbGemControl management system specifically dedicated to control & monitoring
functions.
bbSepam multi-function protection relays
vv Protection.
vv Measurements and diagnosis.
F400 swithchboards can thus be easily integrated into any monitoring
and control system.
vv Local & remote indication and operation.

Enclosures able to withstand internal arcing


bbInternal Arc Classification: AFLR.
bbArc protection unit available, able to detect any arc flash
in the installation and to trip the feeding breaker.

Locating F400 in MV networks


E003435

F400, a truly
professional
solution!
More than 20,000
cubicles of
switchgear
installed
world-wide.
4 AMTED399053EN
F400 range General contents

General 3

Presentation 11

Cubicle description 19

Switchgear 31

Installation 45

Protection, monitoring
49
and control

Appendices 63

AMTED399053EN 1
2 AMTED399053EN
General Contents

Field of application 4

Continuity of service and complete safety 5

F400, a comprehensive solution 6

Schneider Electric Services 8

Quality assurance - environment 9

A few references 10

AMTED399053EN 3
General Field of application

F400 is suitable for all electrical power distribution


PE58203

requirements from 1 to 36/40.5 kV

F400 metal-enclosed switchgear consists of withdrawable units designed for indoor


installation.
F400 is designed for the MV section of HV/MV substations and high-power MV/MV
substations.

F400 offers you:


bb Pre-engineered solutions that can be adapted to your specific requirements
bb Significantly reduced maintenance
bb Local support centres throughout the world.

F400 gives you the advantages of:


bb Continuity of service for your networks
bb Enhanced safety for your staff and operations
bb Optimized investment throughout the life of your installation
bb The possibility of incorporating your medium voltage switchboard
in a monitoring and control system.

Applications
Power distribution
bb Distribution substation
PE40314

bb Delivery substation
bb Secondary transmission substation.

Industry
bb Oil & gas
bb Chemical industry
bb Metallurgy
bb Car industry
bb Mining
bb Cement plants
bb Etc.

Infrastructures
bb Airports
bb Ports
bb Water treatment
bb Etc.

4 AMTED399053EN
General Continuity of service
and complete safety

F400 is solidly based on extensive experience acquired


throughout the world and provides your networks with a high
level of dependability and safety.
F400 incorporates a host of innovative solutions designed
PE58208

around proven techniques: high-performance switchgear,


digital protection, monitoring and control systems,
enclosures capable of withstanding internal arcing.

From the design stage, F400 allows for three key user requirements:
PE58205

Reliability
bb Type testing was carried out for each performance level in the F400 range.
bb The design, manufacturing and testing of F400 was carried out according to
the ISO 9001:2008 quality standard.
bb Three-dimensional computer modelling techniques were used to study electrical
fields.

Simplicity
PM100514

bb A user interface which is easily understood by everybody.


bb Interlocks and padlocks preventing operator errors.
bb Sepam-type protection units enabling on-site information retrieval without
any additional devices.
bb Maintenance limited to simple, routine operating checks and cleaning
and greasing every 5 to 10 years.
bb Easy installation due to identical civil engineering dimensions for all cubicles.

Safety
bb All operations are performed from the front (operation of rotary type voltage
transformer and installation of medium voltage cable connections from the rear side).
bb Racking in or out is only possible with the door closed.
bb The power-on indicator is situated on the front of the functional unit.
bb The earthing switch has making capacity.
bb Anti-reflex handles are used for all operations.
bb Internal arc withstand developed for all functional units.

AMTED399053EN 5
General F400, a comprehensive solution

F400 provides the most efficient means to control and protect


a wide range of applications.
Due to the devices it comprises, F400 can be easily
integrated into a monitoring and control system.
PE60300

Protection and control relays


Sepam
Sepam series 20, series 40, series 60 and series 80 digital protection relays take full
advantage of Schneider Electrics experience in electrical network protection.
They provide all the necessary functions:
bbEffective fault diagnosis and protection planning
bbAccurate measurements and detailed diagnosis
Sepam range bbIntegral equipment control
bbLocal or remote indication and operation.
Easy upgrading: addition of communication, digital I/Os, analog output, or
temperature acquisition systems can be added due to its modular design.
PM102898

MiCOM
MiCOM protection provides the user with a choice of cost-optimised solutions for
specific protection requirements within the distribution network.
The MiCOM relay series offers comprehensive protective function solutions for all
MiCOM range power supply systems as well as for various functional and hardware project stages.

Control relays: GemControl


PE90347

Smart switchgear management: a basic unit for control, monitoring, measurement,


processing and data transmission.

GemControl front panel


PowerMeter and Circuit Monitor metering units
The PowerLogic PowerMeter replaces a whole set of basic analogue meters.
PE57123

This cost-effective, high-performance meter provides a full range


of accurate true-rms metering values.
The PowerLogic series 3000/4000 Circuit Monitor is designed for critical power
users and large energy consumers, to provide the information needed to confidently
enter the evolving world of deregulation.
It can be adapted to meter almost any time-of-use or real-time rate.
PowerLogic range

Vamp arc flash protection


PE90501

The arc protection unit detects an arc flash in an installation and trips the feeding
breaker.
Arc flash protection maximizes personnel safety and minimizes material damage
to the installation in the most hazardous power system fault situations.

Monitoring and control


PE58204

F400 can be easily:


bbIntegrated into an existing monitoring and control system:
Sepam digital relay or PowerMeter/Circuit Monitor metering device through
a standard protocol (Modbus)
bbIntegrated into a SMS PowerLogic electrical installation monitoring system.

Easy upgrading
Communication, digital I/Os, analogue output and temperature acquisition systems
can be added due to its modular design.

6 AMTED399053EN
General F400, a comprehensive solution
(cont.)

F400 switchboards incorporate Web technologies so that


you can find out information about your electrical installation
as easily as opening a Web page.
All you need is a standard Web browser and a PC connected
DE57492EN

TCP/IP over Ethernet


to your local area network.
Hub
Front socket
Simple choice
A simple choice between WRM-1 and WRM-2 service levels allows you
EGX400
to easily order your Web Remote Monitoring F400 switchboard.
A customized level is also available.
Your Web Remote Monitoring F400 switchboard comes equipped with
Sepam
a Web server including Web pages dedicated to power equipment data.

Sepam
Easy commissioning
Web Remote Monitoring equipment is delivered ready to connect and commission.
CM/PM A Quick Start guide, packaged with your switchboard, provides three easy-to-follow steps.

F400 switchboard Functionalities provided


WRM-1 WRM-2
Instantaneous readings b b
Displays automatically updated meter values
b b
PE57471

Circuit summary
Displays the RMS current 3-phase average (A),
the real power (kW), the power factor,
the circuit-breaker status (if applicable), etc.
Load current summary b b
Displays the current RMS value for each phase (A),
for all circuits
Demand current summary b b
Displays the average demand current value for each phase (A),
for all circuits
Power summary b b
Displays the present demand (kW), the peak demand (kW)
PE57472

and the times and dates of the records


Energy summary b b
Displays the energy (kWh) the reactive energy (kvarh),
and the times and dates of the records
Instantaneous readings, all devices b
Basic historical data logging, energy and trending
Displays automatically updated meter values
for all the communicating devices in the equipment
Log displays b
Displays data as time curves, or tables
PE57473

Export of data tables b


Allows data tables to be exported in a standard
Windows format

AMTED399053EN 7
General Schneider Electric Services

Plan
ew
Ren Schneider Electric helps you to plan the full design and execution of your
solution, looking at securing your process and optimising your time:
bbTechnical feasibility studies: Accompany customer to design solution in his

Pl
an
How do I What are given environment.
renew my my options? bbPreliminary design: Accelerate turn around time to come to a fi nal solution
solution?
design.
Optimize

Asset
Management Install
How do I Life Cycle How do I Schneider Electric will help you to install effi cient, reliable and safe solutions based
optimize? install and
commission? on your plans.
bbProject Management: Designed to help you complete your projects on time and
within budget.
How do I bbCommissioning: Ensures your actual performance versus design, through on
a ll

operate and
st

maintain? site testing & commissioning, tools & procedures.


In

Op
e ra
te
Operate
Schneider Electric helps you maximise your installation uptime and control your
capital expenditures through its services offering.
bbAsset Operation Solutions: The information you need to increase safety,
enhance installation training performance, and optimise asset maintenance and
investment.
bbAdvantage Service Plans: Customised services plans which cover preventive,
predictive and corrective maintenance.
bbOn site Maintenance services: Extensive knowledge and experience in electrical
distribution maintenance. For Diagnosis services see on pages from F1 to F3.
bbSpare parts management: Ensure spare parts availability and optimised
bbmaintenance budget of your spare parts.
bbTechnical Training: To build up necessary skills and competencies.
in order to properly operate your installations in safety.

When it comes to your electrical Optimise


distribution installation, Schneider Electric propose recommendations for improved safety, availability,
we can help you: reliability & quality.
bb Increase productivity, reliability, bbMP4 Electrical Assessment: Defi ne improvement & risk management program.
and safety
bb Mitigate risk and limit downtime
Renew
bb Keep equipment up to date and extend lifespan
Schneider Electric extends the life of your system while providing upgrades.
bb Cut cost and increase savings Schneider Electric offers to take full responsibility for the end-of-life processing of
bb Improve your return on investment old electrical equipments.
bbECOFIT: Keep up to date & improve performances of your electrical
installations (LV,MV, Protection Relays).
bbMV product End of life: recycle & recover outdated equipment with end of life
services.

Frequency of maintenance intervention


Schneider Electric equipment manufacturers recommend a schedule for
maintenance activities to extend Electrical Distribution equipment performance over
time. Frequencies under normal/healthy operation (minor equipment criticality and
optimal environmental conditions) can be generally defined as follows:
Maintenance Minimal frequency (1) Who
(every)
Manufacturer Certified partner End user
Exclusive 4 years b
Advanced 2 years b b
Light 1 year b b b
Contact us! (1) Recommended under normal operating conditions (minor equipment criticality and optimal
environmental conditions).However, this recommended frequency should increased according
www.schneider-electric/ to: a) the level of criticality (low, major, critical) b) the severity of environment conditions
electricaldistributionservices (i.e. corrosive, naval, offshore) following recommendations of Manufacturers services.

8 AMTED399053EN
General Quality assurance - environment

Certified quality: ISO 9001

A major asset
In each of its units, Schneider Electric has a functional organization whose main role
PE58208

is to check quality and monitor compliance with standards.


This procedure is:
PE58205

bbUniform throughout all departments


bbRecognized by many customers and approved organizations.
But above all, it is its strict application that has allowed us to obtain the recognition
of an independent organization:
The French Quality Assurance Association (AFAQ).
The quality system for the design and manufacture of F400 is certified as
in conformity with the requirements of the ISO 9001:2008 quality assurance
standard.

Protected environment
As part of the groups environmental policy, Schneider Electric Services has
PE90794

an operational subsidiary to recover your medium voltage switchgear


and thus eliminate any discharge into the atmosphere.
To help you protect the environment and to relieve you of any concerns regarding
storage or dismantling, Schneider Electric Services offers to take back your
equipment at the end of its life.
F400 has been designed with environmental protection in mind:
bbThe materials used, insulators and conductors are identified, easily separable
and recyclable
bbThe SF6 can be recovered at the end of the equipments life and reused after
treatment
bbProduction sites are certified compliant with ISO 14001.
PE90793

AMTED399053EN 9
General A few references

Energy and Infrastructures


E74226

bbElectrical energy
Sonelgas Algeria
IRAQ Ministry of Energy Iraq
JEPCO Jordan
SEC KSA
PowerCo Ltd. New Zealand
NIPP Nigeria
Mazoon Electricity Company Oman
OETC Oman
Wind farm Turkey
PE57982

bbOil & Gas


Sonatrach Algeria
Petro Amazonas Ecuador
QuatarPetroleum Qatar
Exxon Mobil Netherland
OMSK refinery Russia
NURLAT refinery Russia
Petkim Petrokimya Holding A.S. Turkey

bbInfrastructures
Metro of Mexico Mexico
Industrial Zones Turkey

bbAirports
PE90075

Girona Airport Spain

Industry
bbMining, Minerals and Metals
Rio Tinto Australia

10 AMTED399053EN
Presentation Contents

Description 12

Technical characteristics 15

Operating conditions 16

Protection of people 17

AMTED399053EN 11
PE58202
Presentation Description

LV control
cabinet
Voltage transformers
(VT)

Circuit-breaker
Current transformers
(CT)

Cable connection

Busbar
compartment

Composition of an F400 switchboard


bbF400 switchboards are made up of several interconnected functional units.
bbPower connections are made between functional units within a switchboard via
a single busbar.
bbThe electrical continuity of all metal frames is provided by the connection of each
PE58200

functional units earthing busbar to the switchboards main earthing circuit.


bbLow voltage wiring trays are provided in the switchboard above the LV control
cabinets.
bbLV control cables can enter the switchboard through the top and bottom of the
cubicle.
PE58207

PE40323

PE40322

Cable compartment Busbar compartment


PE58200-V

Circuit-breaker compartment

12 AMTED399053EN
Presentation Description (cont.)

Description of a functional unit


A functional unit comprises all the devices in the main and auxiliary circuit which
together provide a protection function.
Each functional unit contains all the components which are required to perform
this function:
bbThe cubicle
bbThe protection, monitoring and control system
bbThe withdrawable part.

The cubicle
LSC2B The cubicle is of LSC2B (Loss of Service Continuity Category) type as defined
(Loss of Service Continuity IEC 62271-200): by IEC standard 62271-200, in other words, the medium voltage parts are
this category defines the possibility compartmented using metal partitions (PM class) which are connected to earth
of keeping other compartments energised
(in service) when opening a main circuit compartment. and which separate:
bbThe withdrawable part (circuit-breaker, disconnector unit or earthing unit)
bbThe busbars
bbMedium voltage connections, earthing switch, current and voltage transformers
as required.

The F400 cubicle is available in 2 versions:


bbA standard version
IAC (internal arc classification) bbAn internal arcing version with IAC-AFLR classification.
The different sides of metal-enclosed switchgear
can have different classes of accessibility. The F400 is available with functional and/or DIN current transformers.
The following codification is used to identify
these panels (in accordance with IEC 62271-200).
A: accessibility restricted to authorized personnel The low voltage auxiliaries and monitoring unit are in a low voltage control cabinet
F: access to the front panel separated from the medium voltage section.
L: access to the side panels The basic functional units provided are:
R: access to the rear panel bb Incomer or feeder with circuit-breaker AD6
bb Feeder with fuses FD6
bb Direct incomer RD6
bb Direct line incomer AL6
bb Bussectioning CL6 - GL6
bb Busbar metering (with earthing) TT6
bb Busbar metering (with fuses) PT6
bb Current and voltage metering BM6

Cable compartment LV control cabinet


DE59572

Busbar compartment Circuit-breaker compartment

F400 cubicle with IAC-AFLR internal arcing

AMTED399053EN 13
Presentation Description (cont.)

The protection, monitoring and control system


This includes:
bbSepam protection, monitoring and control unit
bbVamp arc flash protection system
bbCurrent transformers, which may be of 4 types:
vv functional current transformers
vv DIN current transformers
vv low-power current transformers (LPCT)
vv low voltage toroid type current transformers.
bbVoltage transformers:
vv withdrawable fused voltage transformers
vv fixed voltage transformers
bbZero sequence core balance current transformers (CSH type).

The withdrawable part


This includes:
bbThe circuit-breaker or the earthing unit with its closing and opening mechanism,
or the disconnector unit
bbInterlocks to fix the withdrawable part on the fixed part either in service position
or disconnected.

14 AMTED399053EN
Presentation Technical characteristics

Technical characteristics of the F400 range


PE58206

The values below are given for normal operating conditions as defined
in IEC 62271-1 and IEC 62271-200.

Vacuum Circuit Breaker SF6 Circuit Breaker


Rated voltage
Ur (kV) 36 36 36 36 36 40.5 (2)

Rated frequency
fr (Hz) 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60

Rated insulation level


Power frequency withstand voltage 50 Hz - 1min Ud (kV) 70 70 70 70 70 85 (4)
Lightning impulse withstand voltage 1.2/50 ms Up (kV peak) 170 170 170 170 170 185

Nominal current and maximum rated short-time withstand current


Functional unit with circuit-breaker (1)
Rated short-time withstand Ith. max Ik/tk (kA 3 s) 25 25 25 (3) 25 25 25
current
31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5
- - 40 40 40 -
Rated normal current In max Ir (A) 1250 - 1250 1250 - 1250
busbars
2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 -
In Circuit Ir (A) 1250 - 1250 1250 - 1250
Breaker
- 2500 - - 2500 -

Internal arc withstand


(kA/1 s) 25 25 25 25 25 25
(kA/0.5 s) 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5
(kA/0.15 s) - - 40 40 40 -

Protection degree
Enclosure IP3X/IP4X(5) IP3X/IP4X(5) IP3X/IP4X(5) IP3X/IP4X(5) IP3X/IP4X(5) IP3X/IP4X(5)
LV control cabinet IP4X IP4X IP4X IP4X IP4X IP4X

Dimensions / Weight
Width mm 1100 1100 900 1100 1100 1100
Height mm 2255 2255 2255 2255 2255 2255
Depth internal arc mm 3074 3074 3074 3074 3074 3074
Approximate weight kg 1560/1949 1560/1949 1467/1929 1467/1929 1467/1929 1929

(1) For functional units equipped with circuit-breakers, the breaking capacity is equal to the rated short-time withstand current.
In all cases, the peak making capacity is equal to 2.5 times the rated short-time withstand current for 50 Hz and 2.6 times for 60 Hz.
(2) For F400 version with functional current transformers.
(3) Only 50 Hz for SF1.
(4) Ud 95 kV 50 Hz 1min possible.
(5) IP4X for type1 cubicle.

AMTED399053EN 15
Presentation Operating conditions

Operating conditions
MT20072

Normal operating conditions in accordance with IEC 62271-1


for indoor switchgear
bbAmbient air temperature:
vv Less than or equal to 40C
vv Less than or equal to 35C on average over 24 hours
vv Greater than or equal to 5C.
bbAltitude:
vv Less than or equal to 1000 m
vv Above 1000 m, a derating coefficient is applied (please consult us).
bbAtmosphere:
vv Little or no dust, smoke, salt, corrosive or flammable gases or vapours
(clean industrial air).
bbHumidity:
vv Average relative humidity over 24 hours y 95%
vv Average relative humidity over 1 month y 90%
vv Average vapour pressure over 24 hours y 2.2 kPa
vv Average vapour pressure over 1 month y 1.8 kPa.

Specific operating conditions (consult us)


F400 has been developed to meet the following specific conditions:
bbTemperature (possible derating)
bbAltitudes (possible derating).

Storage conditions
In order to retain all the functional units qualities when stored for prolonged periods,
we recommend that the equipment is stored in its original packaging,
in dry conditions sheltered from the sun and rain at a temperature of between
25C and +55C.

Standards
The F400 range meets the following international standards:
bbIEC 62271-1: clauses common to high-voltage switchgear
bbIEC 62271-200: metal-enclosed switchgear for alternating current at rated
voltages between 1 and 52 kV
bbIEC 62271-100: high-voltage alternating current circuit-breakers
bbIEC 60282-2: high-voltage fuses
bbIEC 62271-102: alternating current disconnectors and earthing switches
bbIEC 60255: measurement relay and protection unit
bbIEC 60044-1: current transformers
bbIEC 60044-2: voltage transformers
bbIEC 60044-8: electronic current transformers (for LPCT).

GOST certification
The F400 is in accordance with the GOST certification.
The GOST conformity system applies to most of the products sold and used
according to Russian standards.
As far as electrical equipment is concerned, this conformity applies when
the equipment is used under the following conditions:
bbElectrical equipment designed for use in an explosive environment and in mines
bbEquipment related to the oil and gas industries: prospecting, exploration, refining,
transportation, storage
PE58237

bbEquipment used in the chemical and petrochemical industries and considered to


be potentially hazardous because it operates in a toxic, explosive and aggressive
environment
bbElectrical heating equipment is used to produce ferrous and non-ferrous metal
casting
This certification follows the Russian standards:
bbGOST 2.601-95
bbPB 03-576-03
bbPB 03-584-03.
The entire Air Insulated Switchgear range meets the GOST certification requirements.

16 AMTED399053EN
Presentation Protection of people

Annex A of IEC 62271-200 defines F400 internal arc


the method for testing the metal-enclosed (in conformance with IEC 62271-200)
switchgear under conditions of arcing The F400 internal arc protection is AFLR type in order to protect operators
due to an internal fault. when they go around the cubicle.
The F400 cubicle conforms to this The F400 switchboard is installed in a room with a minimum height of 4 m
(for installation in a room under 4 m, please consult us).
standard and has successfully passed all F400 is designed to eliminate the effects of internal arcing safely, by:
the type tests specified by this standard. bbLocating metal flaps above the enclosure to limit overpressure in the compartments
The F400 cubicle is therefore designed in the event of an internal fault
to provide the highest possible degree bbUsing non-flammable materials for the cubicle.
vv F400 can be fitted with an optional system to detect internal arcing and
of protection for operators in the event of disconnect the power supply in order to limit the duration of the fault current
an internal fault. to less than 140 ms.

All these performances are available


whatever the breaking technology may be
Switchboard operations
The switchboards are installed, operated and maintained from the front panel.
(SF6 or Vacuum). Certain installation and maintenance operations are performed from the rear
of the cubicle:
bbInstallation of medium voltage cables
bbOperation of voltage transformers.

Dependable mechanical control devices


The switchboards are operated from the front panel.
The user is guided through icon-diagrams on each front panel, making it very easy
to understand the operating sequence and the devices status.
Interlocks and padlocks prevent operator errors.
Several additional levels of security also protect operators:
bbRacking in and out is only possible with the door closed.
bbThe very extensive set of mechanical and electrical interlocks prevent operator error.
These can be supplemented by keylocks or padlocks according to specific operating
procedures.
Each selector can be fitted with one to three padlocks.
bbAll operations are carried out from the front panel.
bbThe voltage present indicator is located on the front panel of the functional unit,
in the immediate vicinity of the earthing switch control.
PE40326

Voltage Earthing switch control


indicators
(VPIS)
Keylock

Rack-in inhibition

Rack-in/out
Earthing switch
position indicator Rack-in/out indicator

4-position selector
bbExtraction
bbTest
bbRack-in
bbIn operation

Open pushbutton

Circuit-breaker control

Options
bbCircuit-breaker disabling during extraction. This function enables the circuit-
breaker control springs to be disabled during the extraction process.
bbRack-in inhibition. This function prevents the withdrawable part from being
racked in.

AMTED399053EN 17
18 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description Contents

Choice of functional units 20

AD6 Incomer or feeder 22

FD6 Feeder with fuses 23

RD6 Direct incomer 24

AL6 Direct line incomer 25

CL6 - GL6 Bus sectioning 26

TT6 Busbar metering (with earthing) 27

PT6 Busbar metering (with fuses) 28

BM6 Current and voltage metering 29

AMTED399053EN 19
Cubicle description Choice of functional units

The F400 range comprises several functional applications.


The table below can be used to link requirements to functional units and gives
information on the general composition of each unit.

Selection:
You want to supply power to a transformer.
You have selected a transformer feeder/breaker.
The corresponding functional unit will therefore be a TF-B, comprising an
AD cubicle fitted with a withdrawable circuit-breaker and a transformer
application.

Function Incomer (1) Feeder

Line Transformer Generator Line Transformer Motor Capacitor


Functional unit LI-B TI-B GI-B LF-B TF-B MF-B CB-B

Cubicle AD6 AD6 AD6 AD6 AD6 AD6 AD6

Device SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum
Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker
Protection relays Applications Substation Transformer Generator Substation Transformer Motor Capacitor
F400 single-line diagrams
DE59582

DE59574
DE59584

Protection Protection Protection


relay relay relay

DE59586

Cubicle FD6

Device Fuse

Protection relays
Applications Transformer

F400 single-line diagrams


Maximum
Transformer
power: 400MVA

(1) The direct incomer is implemented using a specific cubicle: RD6 (same as AD6 without circuit-breaker) or AL6 (only cable connection).

20 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description Choice of functional units (cont.)

Bus sectioning Busbar metering

Switchboard Substation
BS-B SS-B BB-V BB-V BB-CV

CL6 and GL6 AD6 TT6 (with earthing) PT6 BM6

SF6 or Vacuum SF6 or Vacuum


Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker
Busbar Substation Busbar Busbar Busbar
DE59592

DE59573

DE59596

DE59598

DE59600
Protection Protection
relay relay

Protection
relay

AMTED399053EN 21
Cubicle description AD6
Incomer or feeder

AD6 type 1 AD6 type 2


(version with functional current transformers) (version with DIN current transformers)
DE59581

DE59583

SF circuit-breaker SF circuit-breaker
3 6 5 1 4 2 7 3 6 5 1 4 2 7
DE59582

DE59584

Protection Protection
relay relay

HVX-O2 circuit-breaker HVX-O2 circuit-breaker

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
2 Withdrawable part (SF6 & Vacuum circuit-breaker)
3 MV connections by cables accessible from the rear
4 Earthing switch
5 Current transformers
6 Voltage transformers (fixed or withdrawable with fuses)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
Vacuum Circuit Breaker SF6 Circuit Breaker
AD6 type 1 AD6 type 2 AD6 type 1 AD6 type 2
Rated voltage kV 36 36 36 40.5 36
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70 70 70 85(4) 70
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170 170 170 185 170
Busbar current A 1250 b b b b b
(Busbar intensity)
2500 b b b - b
Rated current A 630 b b b b b
1250 b b b b b
2500 b b b - b
Breaking capacity kA 25 / 31.5 25 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5 25
Short-circuit making current kA rms 3 s / 60Hz 25 / 31.5 25 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5 25
Dimensions mm Width 1100 1100 900 /1100 1100 900 /1100
Height 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2)
Depth 2670 / 3020 / 3020/3220(5) 2670 / 3020 / 3220(5) 3020/3220(5) 3020/3220(5)
3220(5)
Depth internal arc 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5) 3074
Approximate weight (3) kg 1560/1949 1560/1949 1467/1929 1929 1467/1929
(1) Without voltage transformers - (2) With voltage transformers - (3) Fully equipped cubicle - (4) Ud 95 kV 50Hz 1 min possible - (5) With functionnal CT
and additional CT

22 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description FD6
Feeder with fuses

FD6

DE59585

3 1 4 2 7
DE59586

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
2 Withdrawable part (MV fuse truck)
3 MV connections by cables accessible from the rear
4 Earthing switch
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.
Interlocking of the fuse truck and downstream transformer have to be installed
to prevent the draw out of fuse truck before de-energizing the transformer,
to prevent arcing.
Please consult us in case of this requirement.
Maximum Transformer power : 400MVA.

Characteristics
FD6
Rated voltage kV 36
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170
Busbar current A 1250 b
(Busbar intensity) b
2500
Rated current A 200
Short-time withstand current kA rms 1s (1) 20
Rated current A 20
Dimensions mm Width 900
Height 2335
Depth internal arc 3074
Approximate weight (2) kg 1045
(1) Limited by fuses - (2) Fully equipped cubicle

AMTED399053EN 23
Cubicle description RD6
Direct incomer

RD6

DE59587

3 6 5 1 4 7
DE59588

Protection
relay

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
3 MV connections by cables accessible from the rear
4 Earthing switch
5 Current transformers
6 Voltage transformers (fixed or withdrawable with fuses)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
RD6
Rated voltage kV 36 40.5
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70 85(4)
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170 185
Busbar current A 1250 b b
(Busbar intensity) b -
2500
Rated current A 630 b b
1250 b b
2500 b -
Short-circuit making current kA rms 3 s / 60Hz 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5
Rated current A 20
Dimensions mm Width 900/1100 1100
Height 2255(1)/2335(2) 2255(1)/2335(2)
Depth 2670 / 3020 / 3220(5) 3020 / 3220(5)
Depth internal arc 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5)
Approximate weight (3) kg 1367/1729 1729
(1) Without voltage transformers - (2) With voltage transformers - (3) Fully equipped cubicle -
(4) Ud 95 kV 50Hz 1 min possible - (5) With functionnal CT and additional CT

24 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description AL6
Direct line incomer

AL6

DE59589

3 1 7
DE59590

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
3 MV connections by cables accessible from the rear
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
AL6
Rated voltage kV 36
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170
Busbar current A 1250 b
(Busbar intensity) b
2500
Short-time withstand current kA rms 3 s 25
Dimensions mm Width 900/1100
Height 2335
Depth internal arc 3074
Approximate weight (1) kg 660/740
(1) Fully equipped cubicle

AMTED399053EN 25
Cubicle description CL6 - GL6
Bus sectioning

CL6 GL6
DE59591

DE59593

SF circuit-breaker
6 1 2 7 6 1 5 7
DE59592

Protection
relay
HVX -O2 circuit-breaker

CL6 GL6

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
2 Withdrawable part (SF6 & Vacuum circuit-breaker)
5 Current transformers
6 Voltage transformers (fixed or withdrawable with fuses)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.
Characteristics
Vacuum SF6 Circuit Breaker
Circuit
Breaker
CL6 GL6
Rated voltage kV 36 36 40.5 36 40.5
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70 70 85(4) 70 85(4)
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170 170 185 170 185
Busbar current A 1250 b b b b b
(Busbar intensity)
2500 b b - b -
Rated current A 1250 b b b b b
2500 b b - b -
Breaking capacity kA 25 / 31.5 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5 - -
Short-circuit making current kA rms 3 s / 50Hz
kA rms 3 s / 60Hz 25 / 31.5 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5
Dimensions mm Width 1100 900 /1100 1100 1100 1100
Height 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335 (2) 2255(1)/2335
(2)

Depth 2670 / 3020 / 2670 / 3020 / 3020/3220(5) 2670 / 3020 / 3220(5) 3020/3220(5)
3220(5) 3220(5)
Depth internal arc 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5)
Approximate weight (3) kg 1405/1555 1312/1462 1462 1119 1119
(1) Without voltage transformers - (2) With voltage transformers - (3) Fully equipped cubicle - (4) Ud 95 kV 50Hz 1 min possible - (5) With
functionnal CT and additional CT

26 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description TT6
Busbar metering (with earthing)

TT6

DE59595

6 1 4 7
DE59596

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
4 Earthing switch
6 Voltage transformers (fixed or withdrawable with fuses)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
TT6
Rated voltage kV 36 40.5
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70 85(4)
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170 185
Busbar current A 1250 b b
(Busbar intensity) b -
2500
Short-time withstand current kA rms 3 s 25 / 31.5 / 40 25 / 31.5
Dimensions mm Width 900 1100
Height 2255(1)/2335(2) 2255(1)/2335(2)
Depth 2670 3020
Depth internal arc 3074 / 3274(5) 3074 / 3274(5)
Approximate weight (3) kg 1125 1255
(1) Without voltage transformers - (2) With voltage transformers - (3) Fully equipped cubicle -
(4) Ud 95 kV 50Hz 1 min possible - (5) With at least one cubicle with functional CT or additional
CT in the switchboard

AMTED399053EN 27
Cubicle description PT6
Busbar metering (with fuses)

PT6

DE59597

6 1 2 7
DE59598

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
2 Withdrawable part (MV fuse truck)
6 Voltage transformers (fixed)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
PT6
Rated voltage kV 36
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170
Busbar current A 1250 b
(Busbar intensity) b
2500
Short-time withstand current kA rms 1s 20
(1)

Dimensions mm Width 900


Height 2335
Depth internal arc 3074
Approximate weight (2) kg 945
(1) Limited by fuses - (2) Fully equipped cubicle

28 AMTED399053EN
Cubicle description BM6
Current and voltage metering

BM6

DE59599

6 5 1 7
DE59600

MV components
1 Busbars for cubicle interconnection
5 Current transformers
6 Voltage transformers (withdrawable with fuses)
LV control cabinet
7 Low voltage auxiliaries and protection, monitoring and control unit
are in one control cabinet, separated from the medium voltage part.

Characteristics
BM6
Rated voltage kV 36
Rated insulation level kV 50 Hz - 1min 70
kV impulse 1.2/50 ms 170
Busbar current A 1250 b
(Busbar intensity) b
2500
Short-time withstand current kA 3s 25 / 31.5 / 40
Dimensions mm Width 1100
Height 2255(1)/2335(2)
Depth 3020
Depth internal arc 3074 / 3274(4)
Approximate weight (2) kg 920/980
(1) Without voltage transformers - (2) With voltage transformers - (3) Fully equipped cubicle -
(4) With at least one cubicle with functional CT or additional CT in the switchboard

AMTED399053EN 29
30 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear Contents

Withdrawable parts 32

SF circuit-breakers 33
Selection guide 33
Operating mechanism 34
Circuit opening function 35
Remote control function 36
Indication and locking/interlocking function 37
Operation 38

HVX circuit-breakers 39
Selection guide 39
Operating mechanism 40
Circuit opening function 41
Remote control function 42
Indication and locking/interlocking function 43
Operation 44

AMTED399053EN 31
Switchgear Withdrawable parts

Withdrawable parts include:


PE58200

bbThe circuit-breaker with its opening and closing mechanism, the disconnector unit
and the earthing unit
bbThe racking in/out handle drive mechanism
bbInterlocks for fixing the withdrawable part firmly to the fixed part.
The live parts are housed in a sealed pressure system type insulating enclosure
in compliance with IEC 62271-100.
The devices used to equip the F400 range of functional units have
outstanding features:
bbLong service life
bbMaintenance-free live parts
bbHigh electrical endurance
bbVery low overvoltage
bbDependability
bbInsensitivity to the environment
bbBreaking capacity and dielectric strength maintained at atmospheric pressure
bbLow filling pressure.

Circuit-breaker
DE58201

A circuit-breaker is a safety device used to operate and protect electrical


distribution networks. It is fitted in the F400 cubicle to protect all the downstream
components in the event of a short circuit.
There are two techniques of F400 cubicle,
bbSF6 circuit breaker
bbVacuum circuit breaker.

SF6 circuit-breaker Vacuum circuit-breaker


Fuse truck
DE59580

A fuse truck is the most cost-effective solution to protect small power transformers.
Maximum Transformer power : 400MVA.

Earthing unit
DE58202

The earthing unit is a safety feature used to earth the cubicle busbar. It is installed
in place of the circuit-breaker and provides many locking possibilities.

Disconnector unit
DE58203

The disconnector unit enables the upper and lower parts of the cubicle to be
short-circuited. It is installed in place of the circuit-breaker and provides the same
locking possibilities.

Racking handle
DE57582

This handle is used to:


bbRack the withdrawable part in/out
bbOpen/close the earthing switch.

32 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Selection guide

Electrical characteristics according to IEC 62271-100


SF F400
Rated voltage Ur kV 50/60 Hz 36 40.5
Insulation voltage
- Power frequency withstand Ud kV 50 Hz 1min 70 85 (1) 85 (1)
- Lightning impulse withstand Up kV peak 170 185 185
Rated current Ir A 1250 b b b b b
2500 b b
Short circuit current Isc kA 25 (2) 31,5 40 25 (2) 31,5
Rated short-time withstand current Ik/tk kA/3 s 25 31.5 40 25 31.5
Short-circuit making current Ip kA peak 50 Hz 62.5 79 100 62.5 79
60 Hz 82 104 82
Rated switching sequence O-3 min-CO-3 min-CO b b b b b
O-0.3 s-CO-3 min-CO b b b b
O-0.3 s-CO-15 s-CO b
Phase to phase mm 250 b b b
300 b b b b b
Operating mechanism Frontal b b b b b
Operating times Opening (ms) < 50
Breaking (ms) < 60
Closing (ms) < 65
Service temperature T C 25 to +40
Mechanical endurance Class M2
Number of switching operations 10,000
Electrical endurance Class E2
Capacitive current breaking capacity Class C2

b Available
Not available
(1) Ud 95 kV 50 Hz 1min possible
(2) Only 50 Hz possible.
Specific applications
Switching and protection of capacitor banks
The SF range of circuit-breakers is particularly suitable for switching and protection
of capacitor banks; they are classified C2 according to the IEC 62271-100 standard.
Tests are carried out according to the standard for breaking at 400 A with making
and breaking cycles in the case of a capacitor bank with a making current of 20 kA.
Additional tests have been carried out: please consult us.

AMTED399053EN 33
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Operating mechanism

GMH operating mechanism


028368

SF circuit-breakers are actuated by the GMH operating mechanism which ensures


that the closing and opening speed of the breaking device is not operator-
dependent.
The circuit-breakers are fitted with a GMH electrical operating mechanism.
They are used for remote operation and to ensure a fast resetting cycle.

The GMH electrical operating mechanism includes:


bbAn energy accumulation mechanism that stores, in the springs, the energy
required to close and open the breaker
bbA manual lever-operated resetting device
bbAn electrical motor-operated resetting device that automatically resets the control
as soon as the breaker closes (time y 15 s)
bbA mechanical opening and closing device operated by two pushbuttons
on the front panel
bbAn electrical closing device including:
vv A closing release for remote control with an anti-pumping relay.
bbAn electrical opening device including one or more opening releases that may be
one of the following types:
vv Power on
vv Undervoltage
vv Low power consumption Mitop(1).
bbAn operation counter
bbAn optional reset control indication contact
bbA resetting limit switch contact
bbA black/white mechanical open-closed position indicator
bbA multi-pin connector to isolate auxiliary circuits in the racked out position.

(1) Mitop: release with its own optional current used in combination with the Sepam 100 LA
protection relay.

GMH circuit-breaker operating mechanism


Auxiliaries diagram
J Circuit-breaker
DE58204

M Spring charging motor


YF Closing release Sm1
M1-M2 End-of-charging contact
QF Auxiliary circuit-breaker contacts Sm2 Sm3
KN Anti-pumping relay
Sn
SE Latched release contact
Y01-Y02 Shunt opening releases
YM Undervoltage opening release
Mitop Mitop opening release (with its own current)
M1
M3 Operating mechanism charged contact
SP Pressure switch contact
M
SQ Device ready-to-operate contact
Sm1 Closing pushbutton (external) QF
Sm2 Opening pushbutton for shunt releases
J
Sm3 (external) M1 M2
Opening pushbutton for undervoltage releases KN
Sn (external) SE Y01 SP M3
Closing disabling contact (external)
YM Y02
YF
Mitop SQ

34 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Circuit opening function

Composition
DE57421EN

The circuit opening function can be implemented using the following components:
bbA shunt opening release (on energizing) (YO1)
bbA second shunt opening release (on energizing) (YO2)
bbUndervoltage release (YM)
(1) bbLow energy release (Mitop).
Note: see the table of the releases combinations page Order form .

Shunt opening release (YO1 and YO2)


Energizing this unit causes instant opening of the circuit breaker.
(1) or (2) Characteristics
or (3)
Power supply See Order form page
Threshold V AC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
V DC 0.7 to 1.1 Ur
Consumption V AC 160 VA
V DC 50 W
DE58092

Undervoltage release (YM)


This release unit causes systematic opening of the circuit breaker when its supply
voltage drops below a value less than 35% of the rated voltage, even if this drop
is slow and gradual. It can open the circuit breaker between 35% and 70% of its
Shunt opening release (1) rated voltage. If the release unit is not supplied with power, manual or electrical
closing of the circuit breaker is impossible. Closing of the circuit breaker is
compulsory when the supply voltage of the release unit reaches 85% of its rated
DE57390

voltage.
Characteristics
Power supply See Order form page
Threshold Opening 0.35 to 0.7 Ur
Closing 0.85 Ur
Consumption Triggering V AC 400 VA
Undervoltage release (2)
V DC 100 W
Latched V AC 100 VA
V DC 10 W
DE58094

Low energy release (Mitop)


This specific release unit comprises a low consumption unit.
Characteristics
Low energy release (3)
Power supply Direct current
Threshold 0.04 A < I < 0.12 A

Any tripping due to the Mitop release unit is momentarily indicated by an SDE type
changeover contact (option).

AMTED399053EN 35
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Remote control function

Function
DE57422

Remote control enables remote opening and closing of the circuit breaker.

Composition
The remote control mechanism comprises:
bbAn electric motor with gearing
bbA shunt closing release (YF) combined with an anti-pumping device
bbAn operation counter.

Electric motor (M)


The electric motor performs automatic rearming of the stored energy unit as soon as
the circuit breaker is closed. This allows the instant reclosing of the device after
opening. The arming lever is used only as a backup operating mechanism in the event
of absence of the auxiliary power supply.
The M3 contact indicates the end of arming operations.
Characteristics
Power supply See Order form page
Threshold V AC/V DC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
DE57392

Consumption V AC 380 VA
V DC 380 W

Electric motor (4)


Shunt closing release (YF)
This release allows remote closing of the circuit breaker when the operating
DE58092

mechanism is armed.
Characteristics
Power supply See Order form page
Threshold V AC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
V DC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
Shunt closing release (5) Consumption V AC 160 VA
V DC 50 W
DE57393

The shunt closing release is combined with an anti-pumping relay that enables priority
to be given to opening in the case of a permanent closing order.
This thus avoids the device being caught in an uncontrolled opening-closing cycle.
Operation counter (6)

Operation counter
The operation counter is visible on the front panel.
It displays the number of switching cycles (C-O) that the device has carried out.

36 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Indication and
locking/interlocking function

Open/closed auxiliary contacts


DE57423

The number of contacts available depends on the options chosen on the operating
mechanism.
In the basic configuration, the circuit breakers operating mechanism comprises
a total of:
bb5 normally closed contacts (NC)
bb5 normally open contacts (NO)
bb1 changeover contact (CHG).
The usage procedure for auxiliary contacts is given in the following table:
Options
NC contact NO contact
Shunt opening release (each one) 0 1
Undervoltage release 0 0
Low energy release (Mitop) 0 0

In order to know the final number of available contacts, you must deduct from
the total number of contacts contained in the circuit breaker (5 NC + 5 NO + 1 CHG)
the number of contacts used, as given in the table above.
Operating mechanism E.g.: a circuit breaker equipped with a remote control and a shunt trip unit has
the following available contacts:
5 NC + 4 NO + 1 CHG.
DE57394

With an undervoltage release instead of the shunt trip, this circuit breaker would
have the following available contacts:
5 NC + 5 NO + 1 CHG.
Shunt opening release combination
Auxiliary contacts (7) 1st release Shunt opening Undervoltage release Mitop
release YO1 YM
2nd release
DE57395

Without 5NC+4NO +1CHG 5NC+5NO+1CHG


Shunt opening 5NC+3NO+1CHG 5NC+4NO+1CHG 5NC+4NO+1CHG
release YO2
Undervoltage release 5NC+4NO+1CHG 5NC+5NO+1CHG
YM
Mitop 5NC+4NO+1CHG 5NC+5NO+1CHG
Keylocking kit (8)

Locking the circuit breaker in the open position


This key-operated device allows the circuit breaker to be locked in the open position.
The circuit breaker is locked in the open position by blocking the opening push button
in the engaged position.
Locking is achieved using a Profalux or Ronis captive key type keylock.

AMTED399053EN 37
Switchgear SF circuit-breakers
Operation

SF range
PE56502

SF circuit-breakers work on the basis of the puffer type principle in SF6,


which is used as a breaking and insulating gas.
Each of the three poles is independent and has a sealed pressure system type
insulating enclosure in compliance with IEC 62271-1.
Each pole forms a gas-tight unit filled with SF6 at a low relative pressure of 0.25
to 0.35 MPa (2.5 to 3.5 bar) depending on the performance level required.
A pressure switch on each pole operates an alarm in the event of a pressure drop.
SF range circuit-breakers are actuated by a GMH energy accumulation control.

SF6 gas for circuit-breakers


Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) provides the insulation and breaking functions
PE50183

in SF circuit-breakers.
The live parts are housed in an insulating enclosure which is sealed for life,
as specified in IEC 62271-100.
The switchgear used in the F400 cubicles therefore has the following characteristics:
b Long service life
b Maintenance-free live parts
b High electrical endurance
b Very low overvoltage
b Dependability
b Insensitivity to the environment
b Possibility of continuous monitoring of the circuit-breaker status.

Puffer: operating principle


The main contacts and arcing contacts are initially closed (fig. 1).
PE55037

Pre-compression (fig. 2)
When the contacts begin to open, the piston compresses the SF6 gas slightly
in the compression chamber.

Arcing period (fig. 3)


The arc appears between the arcing contacts. The piston continues its movement.
A small quantity of gas, directed by the insulating nozzle, is injected across the arc.
For low current breaking, the arc is cooled by forced convection.
However, for high current breaking, thermal expansion causes the hot gases to move
towards the cooler parts of the unit.
Fig. 1 Fig. 2 The distance between the two arcing contacts then becomes sufficient for the current
to be broken permanently when it first reaches the zero point, due to the dielectric
properties of the SF6.

Sweeping overtravel (fig. 4)


The moving parts finish their movement and the injection of cold gas continues
until the contacts are completely open.

Fig. 3 Fig. 4

38 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Selection guide

Electrical characteristics according to IEC 62271-100


HVX
Rated voltage Ur kV 50/60 Hz 36 36 36 36
Insulation voltage
- Power frequency withstand Ud kV 50 Hz 1min 70 70 70 70
- Lightning impulse withstand Up kV peak 170 170 170 185
Rated current Ir A 1250 b b
2500 b b
Short circuit current Isc kA 25 25 31.5 31.5
Rated short-time withstand current Ik/tk kA/3 s 25 25 31.5 31.5
Short-circuit making current Ip kA peak 50 Hz 63 63 80 80
60 Hz 63 63 80 80
Rated switching sequence O-3 min-CO-3 min-CO b b b b
O-0.3 s-CO-15 s-CO b b b b
O-0.3 s-CO-3 min-CO b b b b
Phase to phase mm 300 b b b b
Operating mechanism Frontal b b b b
Operating times Opening (ms) 35-53 35-53 35-53 35-53
Breaking (ms) 2-15 2-15 2-15 2-15
Closing (ms) 40-63 40-63 40-63 40-63
Service temperature T C 25 to +40 25 to +40 25 to +40 25 to +40
Mechanical endurance Class M2 M2 M2 M2
Number of switching operations 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
Electrical endurance Class E2 E2 E2 E2
Capacitive current breaking capacity Class C2 C2 C2 C2

b Available
Not available

AMTED399053EN 39
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Operating mechanism

Operating mechanism
DM103391

The operating mechanisms have been simplified to increase reliability and give
extended life with very low maintenance. Instead of the traditional spring operating
mechanism, the HVX series incorporates a single-shaft system and only one torsion
spring, reducing the number of parts and increasing reliability.
The cam output from three independent phases is ideal for the vacuum switch.
The transmission mechanisms one-step output and the special axletree
design provides optimum transmission efficiency to ensure energy saving and
a stable, reliable mechanism.

Operating principle
Energy is stored in the spiral spring by means of the electric motor or
manual crank. Opening and closing of the vacuum interrupter is controlled by
the cam; upon closing, the spring automatically restores the energy for an
integrated automatic on/off operating cycle.
An on/off storage mechanism, with its special mechanism, can absorb
the excess energy of the drive mechanism through a quick on/off operation.
The operating mechanism has electric and manual charging devices.
The relevant interlock prevents manipulation errors after energy storage.

Drive spring-charging mechanism using a crank

Spring drum Vacuum interrupter Vacuum interrupter


DM103392

chamber chamber
Drive casing Drive casing
Q0 Units incorporated in the circuit breaker
in compliance with order
XM Low Voltage connector
B Terminal block Main shaft
S11/S12 Auxiliary contacts (switch position indicator)
S61 Micro switch actuated by operation
K01 Anti-pumping relay
Y1 Blocking magnet for closing (option)
S6 Micro switch for blocking magnet
S2 Micro switch for motor control
MI Motor for energy starting device Electrical circuit diagram - HVX with anti-pumping relay
F4 Under voltage release (option)
F3 Indirect overcurrent release (option) 1.This circuit diagram shows the maximum switchgear equipment.The standard equipment
F2 Auxiliary closing release doesnt include option items,if the customer requires option items, please state it when placeing
F12 2. Auxiliary opening release(option) the order.
F11 1. Auxiliary opening release 2.Circuit-breaker is in discharge and open position,trolley is in service position,blocking magnet
SDR Automatic unloading switch in pulling out position for closing is de-energised.

40 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Circuit opening function

(1) (2) (3) Composition


The circuit opening function can be implemented using the following components:
DM103418

bbAuxiliary release F11/F12


bbUnder-voltage release F4
bbAnti-pumping relay K01.

Auxiliary release F11/F12


The auxiliary release coil is actuated by the auxiliary power supply.
The coil is designed for short-term operation only; its main circuit is therefore routed
via an auxiliary switch contact controlled by the circuit breaker shaft, and upon
release it interrupts the current circuit.
Characteristics
Power supply V AC 110/220
V DC 24/48/110/220
Threshold V AC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
V DC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
Consumption V AC 180 W
V DC 180 W

Operating mechanism Under-voltage release F4


Under-voltage releases are used for the auxiliary boost voltage return circuit.
Whenever the auxiliary current is interrupted or its voltage drops significantly,
the switching device is immediately tripped.
DM103419

Characteristics
Power supply V AC 110/220
V DC 24/48/110/220
Threshold Closing 0.35 to 0 Ur
Consumption V AC approx. 12 W
V DC approx. 12 W

Auxiliary release F11/F12 (1)


Anti-pumping relay K01
If both ON and OFF commands are permanently present on the circuit breaker
at the same time, the latter returns to open position after closing; it remains
DM103421

in this open position until the ON command is issued again.


This prevents continuous closing and opening (i.e. anti-pumping).

Under-voltage release F4 (2)


DM103424

Anti-pumping relay K01 (3)

AMTED399053EN 41
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Remote control function

(6) (5) Function


Remote control enables remote opening and closing of the circuit breaker.
DM103418

Composition
The remote control mechanism comprises:
bbCharging motor M1
bbAuxiliary switch in charging position S2
bbAuxiliary release F2 .

Charging motor M1
The operation counter installed on the operating interface records the circuit
breaker operating frequency.
Characteristics
Power supply V AC 110/220
V DC 24/48/110/220
Threshold V AC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
V DC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
Consumption V AC approx. 100 W
V DC approx. 100 W

Operating time of coil and motor


(4) Duration of the minimum opening command 20ms
Duration of the minimum closing command 20ms
Operating mechanism
Motor charging time 4~12s
DM103426

Auxiliary switch in charging position S2


The auxiliary switch is mainly used to check and indicate the charging status.
It is connected by the charging mechanism to ensure that, during the closing
operation, the driving mechanism can automatically store energy.
When charging is complete, it breaks the electrical charging circuit.
Generally speaking, the circuit breaker is equipped with an auxiliary switch with
Charging motor M1 (4)
eight contact elements.
DM103423

Auxiliary release F2
The auxiliary release coil is actuated by the auxiliary power supply.
The coil is designed for short-term operation only; its main circuit is therefore routed
via an auxiliary switch contact controlled by the circuit breaker shaft, and upon
release it interrupts the current circuit.
Auxiliary switch in charging position S2 (5)
Characteristics
Power supply V AC 110/220
V DC 24/48/110/220
DM103419

Threshold V AC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur


V DC 0.85 to 1.1 Ur
Consumption V AC 180 W
V DC 180 W

Auxiliary release F2 (6)

42 AMTED399053EN
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Indication and
locking/interlocking function

(7) Open/closed auxiliary contacts


The number of contacts available depends on the options chosen on the operating
mechanism.
DM103418

In the basic configuration, the circuit breakers operating mechanism comprises


a total of:
bb8 or 12 normally closed contacts (NC)
bb8 or 12 normally open contacts (NO). .

Auxiliary switch in switching position S11/S12/S13


Auxiliary switches are always actuated directly by the switch shaft via
an intermediate linkage, the position of which always corresponds to the position
of the main contacts, indicating the breakers on and off position status;
during wiring, the interlock assists the release to prevent handling errors.
Generally speaking, the circuit breaker is equipped with two auxiliary switches
with a total of eight contact elements.
Characteristics
Rated voltage of auxiliary switch V DC AC
48 125 220 120 230
Breaking capacity A 10 3.8 2 10 10
Time constant T=L/R s 10 10 10 10 10
Rated short-circuit withstand A/3s 250 250 250 250 250
(8) current
Rated current A 15 15 15 15 15
Operating mechanism
DM103422

Operation counter
The operation counter installed on the operating interface records the circuit
breaker operating frequency.

Auxiliary switch in switching position S11/S12/S13 (7)


DM103425

Operating counter (8)

AMTED399053EN 43
Switchgear HVX circuit-breakers
Operation

HVX range
PE90923

The HVX series vacuum circuit breaker is the technical result of Schneider
Electrics years of experience in the medium-voltage field.
The HVX series offers a proven state-of-the-art design with Vacuum interrupters
in embedded poles to meet the specifications for power switching devices
in air-insulated switchgear.
The HVX series circuit breaker is operated via a spring mechanism that providesan
operating speed independent of the operato. When the operating mechanism
is motorised the circuit breaker can include telecontrol functions and carry out rapid
reclosing cycles.

Embedded-pole
The embedded-pole is another contribution of Schneider Electric to medium
voltage products, with its over 10 years experience in design and manufacture,
PM104198

and it has been tested proven in practice of many years.


Employing the embedding technology, it completely integrates the vacuum
interrupter, the main circuit and the insulated shaft in an epoxy pole to realize total
isolation of the main circuit from the exterior.
This gives the pole the highest environmental adaptability, whereby the circuit
breaker can function normally under harsh conditions.

Vacuum interrupter
The Schneider Electric VG series vacuum interrupter achieves the true optimal
design, thanks to the newest computer modeling tools. With the most advanced
one-stop seal-off technology, the VG series minimizes artificial pollution
in production. Based on our patent design and full knowledge of vacuum interrupter
technology, the vacuum interrupter of Schneider Electric is a standout
DE60163

in the medium-voltage field with its high reliability, small size and long service life.
Ceramic chamber
Shield
Fixed contact
Operating principle of Vacuum interrupter
Mobile contact Vacuum interrupters basically have two electrical contacts (fig.1), one fixed and the
other mobile, and a sealed enclosure. The latter enables a high level of vacuum to
be maintained inside the interrupter (less than 10-2 Pa) to provide insulation
between the open contacts.
Metal bellows The dielectric strength of the vacuum allows the contact-to-contact distance
to be reduced. This short distance together with the low opening speed allow
the use of a low energy control mechanism. A metal clusters provides the link
between the mobile contact and the enclosure.
In order to keep the vacuum level required for the correct operation of the
Fig. 1: vacuum interrupter components interrupter for 30 years, the enclosure must be perfectly sealed.
In vacuum breaking, the electrical arc generated on separation of the contacts is
made up of a plasma of metal vapors produced by the vaporization of the contact
material.
Current
DE60164

At low values of current, these vapors very quickly condense on the shield and
contacts when the arc disappears, thus allowing:
bbthe vacuum to be re-established
Electrode
bba contact-to-contact dielectric strength to be restored that is greater than
the recovery voltage: breaking is then complete.
AMF coil At high currents, the electrical arc in the vacuum switches to a concentrated mode
Contact disk
Arc plasma which causes high, localized temperature rises on the contacts. The existence
of these hot spots is detrimental to the quick restoring of the dielectric strength.
Two techniques can be used in order to avoid this stagnation of the static
concentrated arc:
Axial magnetic field bbthe so called RMF (Radial Magnetic Field) technique, involves rotating the arc
thanks to an electromagnetic effect generated by a radial magnetic field;
this therefore limits contact erosion.
Fig. 2: cross-section of AMF contact bba more recent technique called AMF (Axial Magnetic Field) involves applying
an axial magnetic field parallel to the axis of the two contacts (fig. 2) which allows
a diffuse arc to be maintained (fig. 3) even at high current values. The arc energy
is spread over the whole contact surface area, therefore causing very low levels
PE60042

of erosion.
bbSchneider Electric has chosen this last technique for the HVX range.

Fig. 3: diffuse vacuum arc AMF technology

44 AMTED399053EN
Installation Contents

F400 connection 46

Implementation examples 47

AMTED399053EN 45
Installation F400 connection

Switchgear resistance to ageing in a substation depends on


PE55013

three key factors


bbCorrectly executed connections
New cold-connecting technologies facilitate installation and improve durability
over time. They are designed for use in polluted environments with harsh
weather conditions.
bbImpact of relative humidity
It is essential to install a heating element in climates with high relative humidity
and wide temperature differentials.
bbVentilation control
The dimensions of the air vents must be appropriate for the energy dissipated
in the substation. They must sweep only the transformer environment.
The end-pieces are cold-connectable
Schneider Electrics experience has led it to favour this technology wherever
possible for optimum durability over time.
The maximum permissible cable cross-sections for standard assembly are:
bb1200 mm2 for incomer or feeder cubicles with single-pole cables
bb400 mm2 for incomer or feeder cubicles with three-pole cables
bbThe diameter of the cables must be y 95 mm.
Access to the compartment is only possible when the earthing switch is closed.

Dry single-pole cable


Short cold-connectable end-piece
Performance 7.2 to 36 kV
Cross section mm2 240 mm2 XLPE for copper / 630 mm2 XLPE for aluminium
Supplier All suppliers of cold-connectable terminals:
Silec, 3M, Pirelli, Raychem, etc.
Number of cables 1 to 4 per phase
Comments For larger cross sections and more cables, please contact us

Dry three-pole cable


Short cold-connectable end-piece
Performance 7.2 to 36 kV
Cross-section mm2 240 mm2 XLPE for copper and aluminium
Supplier All suppliers of cold-connectable terminals:
Silec, 3M, Pirelli, Raychem, etc.
Number of cables 1 to 4 per phase
Comments For larger cross sections and more cables, please contact us

Connection possibilities using dry cables


Number of cables AD6
1 single-pole/phase b (1) (4)
2 single-pole/phase b (1) (5)
3 single-pole/phase b (2)
4 single-pole/phase b (3)
1 three-pole/cubicle b
2 three-pole/cubicle b
3 three-pole/cubicle b
4 three-pole/cubicle b

(1) Possibility of installing AOPC LV toroid type current transformers


(2) Possibility of installing ARL4 LV toroid type current transformers
(3) Possibility of installing ARL5 LV toroid type current transformers
(4) Possibility of installing TLP130 Low-Power Current Transformers
(5) Possibility of installing TLP190 Low-Power Current Transformers.

46 AMTED399053EN
Installation Implementation examples

Line-up switchboard with internal arc cubicle


1 AD6 - Incomer (with or without voltage transformers)
2 AD6 - Feeder (with or without voltage transformers)
3 CL6 - Bus sectioning (with or without voltage transformers)
4 GL6 - Bus riser (with or without voltage transformers).
DE59602EN

900 or 1100 (1) 800 500

1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 1

(1) Depending on the width of the first cubicle on the left of the switchboard.
Note: the switchboard is aligned on the front panel and all the cubicles have the same depth.

AMTED399053EN 47
Installation

Duplex distribution
Duplex distribution can be implemented in two ways:
bbInterconnection by means of cables
bbInterconnection by means of insulated busbars (on request)
bbInterconnection by means of busbars in a tunnel.

1 Incomer (with or without voltage transformers)


2 Feeder (with or without voltage transformers)
3 Transversal bus sectioning with a busbar or cable system and a disconnector
unit (represented by the dotted line).
DE59603EN

900 or 1100 (1) 800 500

3 1 2 2 3 2 2

2200

(1) Depending on the width of the first cubicle on the left of the switchboard.

Interconnections by means of cables


PE56886

48 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring
and control

Protection relay selection 50

Sepam protection system 52


Sepam protection relay range 52
Sepam architecture 53

MiCOM protection system 54


MiCOM protection relay range 54

Vamp arc flash protection 55


Vamp arc flash range 55
Selection guide 56

Instrument transformers 57

AMTED399053EN 49
Protection, monitoring Protection relay
and control Selection

Protection relays
Sepam series 10 MiCOM Px10 Sepam series 20 Sepam series 40 MiCOM Px20 Sepam series 60

PE90511

PE90511

PE90488
PE90438
PE90510

PE90366
Functions
Provides protection of network for each application:
Substations (incomer or feeder type) / Transformers / Motors / Generators / Busbars / Capacitors
Each relay series offers all of the functions required for:
bbEffective protection of life and property
bbAccurate measurements and detailed diagnosis
bbIntegral equipment control
bbLocal or remote indications and operation
Self power / Auxiliary supply
Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply
Self or Dual supply
Protection
Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A or LPCT)
Voltage Voltage Voltage Voltage
Phase & Earth basic Phase & Earth basic Phase & Earth basic - Phase & Earth basic - Phase & Earth basic - Phase & Earth basic
- Directional - Directional - Directional
- Synchro-check

Display
Standard UMI Standard UMI Standard UMI Standard UMI Standard UMI Standard UMI
Remote UM Remote UM Remote UM
Mimic based UMI
Other characteristics
Withdrawable hardware Removable S/W cartridge
Input / Output (up to)
4/7 6/6 10 / 8 10 / 8 7/8 28 / 16
I/O terminals
Screw type Screw type Screw type Screw type Ring lug Screw type
Ring lug Ring lug Ring lug
Temperature sensor (up to)
8 8 to 16 10 (motor) 8 to 16
Communication protocol
Modbus RTU Modbus RTU Modbus RTU Modbus RTU Modbus RTU Modbus RTU
IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103
DNP3 DNP3 DNP3 DNP3
Modbus TCP/IP Modbus TCP/IP Modbus TCP/IP
IEC 61850 IEC 61850 IEC 61850
No GOOSE No GOOSE Standard GOOSE
RSTP* RSTP*
Logic equations
Comprehensive Basic logic equations Comprehensive
logic equations logic equations
Safety characteristics
IEC 61508-SIL2
IEC and specific IEC and specific IEC and specific IEC and specific IEC and specific IEC and specific country
country standards country standards country standards country standards country standards standards
(UL, CSA, GOST...) (GOST...) (UL, CSA, GOST...) (UL, CSA, GOST...) (GOST...) (UL, CSA, GOST...)
* Ethernet high availability communication

50 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring Protection relay
and control Selection

Sepam series 80 MiCOM Px30 MiCOM Px40


PE90512

PE90437

PE90436
Functions

Self power / Auxiliary supply


Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply Auxiliary supply

Protection
Current (1 or 5A or LPCT) Current (1 or 5A) Current (1 or 5A)
Voltage Voltage Voltage
- Phase & Earth basic - Phase & Earth basic - Phase & Earth basic
- Directional - Directional - Directional
- Synchro-check - Synchro-check - Synchro-check
- Differential - Differential - Differential
- Line differential - Line differential
- Distance - Distance
- Busbar differential
Display
Standard UMI Standard UMI Standard UMI
Remote UM Remote UM
Mimic based UMI Mimic based UMI
Other characteristics
Removable S/W cartridge
Input / Output (up to)
42 / 23 50 / 26 32 / 32
I/O terminals
Screw type Screw type Ring lug
Ring lug Ring lug
Temperature sensor (up to)
8 to 16 1/9/10 10
Communication protocol
Modbus RTU Modbus RTU Modbus RTU
IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103 IEC 60870-5-103
DNP3 DNP3 DNP3
Modbus TCP/IP IEC 61850 with GOOSE IEC 61850 with GOOSE
IEC 61850 RSTP / SHP / DHP* RSTP / SHP / DHP*
Customised GOOSE Benefits
RSTP*
Sepam
Logic equations
bbHardware modularity and common hardware
Control logic Comprehensive Comprehensive modules
by ladder diagram logic equations logic equations bbLarge range of auxiliary power
Safety characteristics bbROHS compliant and conformal coated components
IEC 61508 - SIL2
MiCOM
IEC and specific country IEC and specific country IEC and specific country bbComplete and comprehensive product offer
standards standards (GOST...) standards (GOST...) bbFull IEC 61850 solution with goose
(UL, CSA, GOST...) bbAll-in-the-box solution

AMTED399053EN 51
Protection, monitoring Sepam protection system
and control Sepam protection relay range

Sepam: protection digital relays


PE60300

Sepam is a range of digital monitoring protection and control units.


Sepam is the centre of the protection, monitoring and control system for F400
functional units: all the necessary protection, metering, control, monitoring and
signalling functions are carried out by Sepam.

The Sepam range is a range of units defined to provide an optimal solution for each
application, and includes (e.g.):
bbSepam S, substation incomer and feeder
bbSepam B, bus sectioning
bbSepam T, transformer feeder
bbSepam M, motor feeder
bbSepam G, generator feeder
bbSepam C, capacitor feeder.

Each F400 functional unit can be equipped The Sepam range consists of the Sepam series 20, series 40, series 60 and
with a comprehensive protection, monitoring series 80, a range of modular protection relays to adapt precisely to your needs.
and control system comprising:
b Instrument transformers to measure the Protection chain
necessary electrical values (phase current, The Sepam protection units combined with innovative current sensors, provide
residual current, voltages, etc.) a comprehensive measurement, protection and energy management chain.*
b Protection relays, providing functions A high-performance, economical solution
adapted to the part of the network The modular Sepam offer provides a cost-effective solution tailored to every
requirement.
to be protected
Easy to order and install
b Metering equipment, to inform operators
All the components of the protection chain are referenced and can be delivered
b Low voltage relaying, to provide very quickly.
control of the breaking device and The power of a multi-functional digital unit
of the withdrawable part Sepam is more than a simple protection relay; it is a truly multi-functional unit
b Various auxiliaries: secondary circuit test offering, in particular:
units, etc. bbCircuit-breaker diagnosis functions (switching counter and time, rearming time,
cumulated broken A2)
bbDirect circuit-breaker control, whatever the type of release unit
bbRemote equipment operation using the communication option.

(*) Please check in the Sepam catalogue the sensor to use with each Sepam version.

Metering equipment
protection relay,
arc flash protection unit
Sepam advantages
Voltage transformer Functional CTs Reliability
DE59601

bbOver 30 years of experience in multi-function digital protection relays.


Current transformer bbOver 600,000 Sepam units in service in more than 90 countries.
Quality
bbQuality design based on dependability studies and strict definition of
environmental constraints: temperature, pollution, EMC, dielectric strength, etc.
bbQuality manufacturing based on procurement agreements with suppliers
and inspection at all stages of manufacturing.
bbAll Sepam series 20, 40, 60 and 80 boards and electronic components are
industrially conformal coated. This manufacturing process makes Sepam suitable
for use in the most severe industrial environments, including off-shore oil rigs
and chemical factories (IEC 60068-2-60 and EIA 364-65A IIIA).
Simplicity of use
bbErgonomic and intuitive user machine interface (UMI).
bbUser-friendly and powerful PC setting software.
bbPredefined functions implemented by simple parameter setting.
Easy installation
bbThe same, easy-to-install remote modules for all Sepam units.
LPCT or LV toroid current transformer
(please consult us) Intuitive use
bbClear graphic LCD display of all data required for local operation
and installation diagnosis.
Switchgear (circuit-breaker)
bbWorking language may be customized to be understood by all users.

52 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring Sepam protection system
and control Sepam protection relay range

The Sepam range of protection relays is Sepam multifunction protection relays


designed for the operation of machines and A range of solutions adapted to your application
electrical distribution networks of industrial bbSubstation protection (incomers, feeders, busbars)
installations and utility substations bbTransformer protection
at all voltage levels. bbMotor and generator protection.
It includes 3 families:
All of the necessary functions for your application
b Sepam series 20, for routine applications.
bbEffective protection of people and property
b Sepam series 40, series 60 for bbAccurate measurements and detailed diagnosis
demanding applications. bbFull equipment control
b Sepam series 80, for custom applications. bbLocal or remote indication and operation.
To cover all needs, from the simplest
to the most complex. Flexibility and upgrading capability
To adapt to as many situations as possible and to allow for future installation
Sepam is compliant with IEC 61850 upgrading, optional modules may be added to Sepam at any time for new functions.
(series 20, 40, 60, 80).
PE57980

Sepam 100 additional units


Sepam 100 units round off the Sepam range and can
be installed either separately or combined with Sepam
series 20, series 40, series 60 and series 80 units.
Sepam 100 has several variants:
bbSepam 100 MI has local breaking device control and
signalling modules
(many different line diagram types are available)
bbSepam 100 LA contains self-powering protection
(back-up protection without auxiliary power supply)
PE60116

PE57126

Sepam 100 MI Sepam 100 LA

Sepam series 80 modular architecture


1 - Base unit, with two types of User Machine Interfaces (UMI):
bbIntegrated mimic-based UMI
bbIntegrated or remote advanced UMI.
2 - Parameters and protection settings saved on removable memory cartridge.
3 - 42 logic inputs and 23 relay outputs, including 5 outputs on the base unit,
plus 3 optional modules each providing 14 inputs and 6 outputs.
4 - 2 independent communication ports:
bbConnection of each port to 1 or 2 S-LAN and/or E-LAN networks
bbModbus, Modbus TCP/IP, IEC60870-5-103, DNP3 and IEC 61850 communication
protocols
bbGOOSE messages and TCP/IP redundancy
bbRS485(2 or 4 wire) or fibre-optic network.
5 - Temperature data from 16 sensors: Pt100, Ni100, or Ni120.
6 - 1 analogue output: 0-1 mA, 0-10 mA, 4-20 mA or 0-20 mA.
7 - Synchro-check module
8 - Software tools:
bbSepam parameter and protection setting and control function customization
bbProgramming of specific functions (Logipam)
bbRecovery and display of disturbance recording data
bbLocal or remote operation via a communication network.

AMTED399053EN 53
Protection, monitoring MiCOM protection system
and control MiCOM protection relay range

MiCOM offers varying levels of MiCOM protection relays


functionality and hardware. MiCOM protection provides the user with a choice of cost-optimised solutions
b Series 10 is designed for universal for specific protection requirements within the distribution network.
overcurrent protection for the primary The MiCOM relay series offers comprehensive protective function solutions for
all power supply systems, as well as for the various functional and hardware project
or back-up protection on LV or MV stages.
systems. With their modular design, the MiCOM device platforms provide the user with
b Series 20 fulfills the basic requirements multifunctional equipment that can act as :
of industrial, utility and building b Grid protection equipment, and
b Combined protection and control systems
applications, providing simplicity and b MiCOM devices integrate most standard communication protocols used in station
ease of use in a wide range of control systems and SCADA systems
installations. b Due to the continuous further development of these products, compatibility
b Series 30 is designed to meet the with technical progress in the field of switchgear and controlgear communication
is ensured
rigorous requirements of MV & HV
applications
with particular focus on feeder and
PM102898

transformer protection and control.


b Series 40 fulfills the protection
requirements for a wide market of utility
and industrial systems and offers a
complete range of protection functions.

Metering equipment
protection relay,
arc flash protection unit
Voltage transformer Functional CTs
DE59601

Current transformer

LPCT or LV toroid current transformer


(please consult us)

Switchgear (circuit-breaker)

54 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring Vamp arc flash protection
and control Vamp arc flash range

The arc protection unit detects an arc Arc flash protection maximizes personnel safety and minimizes material damage
flash in an installation and trips the to the installation in the most hazardous power system fault situations.
feeding breaker. Minimized damage also means limited need for repair work and enables rapid
restoration of the power supply.
An arc flash protection system maximizes
personnel safety and minimizes
material damage caused by arc faults. Vamp advantages
Personnel Safety
A fast and reliable arc protection unit may save human lives in the event of an arc
fault occuring in switchgear during work in or near the installation.
Reduces production losses
The shorter the operating time of the arc flash protection unit, the smaller will be
the damage caused by the arc fault and the shorter the possible power outage.
Extended switchgear life cycle
A modern arc protection unit increases the life-cycle expectancy of switchgear
installations, so that decisions to invest in new switchgear installations can be
postponed and money can be saved by re-Vamping existing switchgear systems.
Reduced insurance costs
PE58216

The faster and better the protection system of a power installation, the more
generous will be the insurance terms and costs.
Low investment costs and fast installation
A comprehensive arc protection system is characterized by low investment costs
and fast installation and commissioning times. One successful operation of the arc
flash protection units provides an immediate investment payoff.
Reliable Operation
Operation is based on the appearance of light or alternatively on the appearance of
light and current from an external device. Immune to nuisance trippings due to dual
tripping criteria; light & current.

Vamp 221

Metering equipment
protection relay,
arc flash protection unit

Vamp 121 sensors


PE58215

Voltage transformer Functional CTs

Current transformer
DE59601

Input/Output units

LPCT or LV toroid current transformer


(please consult us)

Vamp sensors Switchgear (circuit-breaker)

AMTED399053EN 55
Protection, monitoring
and control

Vamp 120 Vamp 121 Vamp 221 (+ I/O units)

System features
bb Operation on light only bb Operation on light only bb Current and light tripping criteria (possibility of tripping
(I > criteria can be supplied bb Supports point and/or by light only)
from another device) smoke sensors bb Operating time 7 ms or less (electromechanical contact)
bb Integrated 19256 Vac/dc bb Up to 10 sensors bb Accurate location of arc fault utilizing point sensors
aux. supply bb Typically trips the bb Four selective protection zones per central unit
bb Optimized for wind power incoming feeder bb Self-supervision of the entire system
and other small applications bb Straightforward bb Easy interconnect using VX001 cables
bb Supports point and/or installation bb Phase current measuring
smoke sensors bb Operation time 9 ms bb Earth fault current measuring
bb Up to 4 sensors (including the output relay) bb Personal protector option
bb Selective trip for 2 zones bb Cost-effective solution bb Panel or rail mount I/O units
and possibility of generator bb Self-supervision. bb Circuit breaker fail protection (CBFP).
set emergency trip (separate
contact)
bb Operation time 7 ms
(including the output relay)
bb Non-volatile trip status.
Sensors
Point sensor (surface)
bb Arc detection from two compartments simultaneously
bb Self-monitored
bb Cable length adjustable from 6 m or 20 m down.

Point sensor (pipe)


bb Self-monitored
bb Cable length adjustable from 6 m or 20 m down.

Portable sensor
bb Snap-in connection to I/O unit
bb Enhanced work safety.

Loop sensor (Fibre)


bb Monitors various compartments
bb Small bending radius for easy installation.

Options
Please check in the Vamp Please check in the Vamp Please check in the Vamp catalogue for reference number
catalogue for reference catalogue for reference
number number

I/O units
VAM 3L VAM 10L/LD VAM 12L/LD VAM 4C/CD

Communication port for central unit (Vamp 221) and I/O unit 2 2 2 2
Point sensor (surface or pipe) 10 10
Loop sensor (Fibre) 3
Portable sensor 1 1 1
Protection zone supported 1 1 4 4
Current inputs 3
Trip contact 1 1 3 1

56 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring
and control

Conventional current transformers are used to provide power to measuring, metering


and monitoring devices. They measure primary currents from 50 A to 2500 A.

Schneider Electric has drawn up a list of preferred current transformers which


are appropriate for use with digital protection devices to make it easier to determine
accuracy characteristics.

The live parts of the dry-insulated current transformers are incorporated in a resin
enclosure. These compact transformers have excellent electrical and mechanical
characteristics and are fully protected against fire hazards.

Conventional current transformers provide power to the current circuits


of measuring instruments and/or protection devices.

Functional current transformers


For AD6 type 1 and RD6 cubicles
PE55032

F400 cubicles are fitted with functional current transformers.


These transformers are integrated into the power bushings on which the fixed
rack-in contacts are mounted.
The current transformers have one, two or three 1 or 5 A secondary windings (1).
The transformation ratios can be changed from the LV control cabinet.
Functional current transformer

Technical characteristics
Type Ratio (A/A) Measurement VA Protection VA Ith max
cl 0.5 5P20
25 kA/1 s 25 kA/3 s 31.5 kA/1 s 31.5 kA/3 s 40 kA/1 s 40 kA/3 s
TCF4F/N2 50-100/5-5 10-20 5-10 b b b b b
100-200/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b
200-400/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b
300-600/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
400-800/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
600-1200/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
TCF4G/N2 1500/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b
2000/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b
2500/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b

(1) For all other characteristics, please contact us.

AMTED399053EN 57
Protection, monitoring Instrument transformers (cont.)
and control

DIN current transformers


PE58209

The F400 cubicles are fitted with DIN current transformers.


The current transformers contain 1, 2 or 3 secondary windings rated at 1 to 5 A(1).
The primary current values for conventional 1A or 5 A current transformers are
between 50 and 2500 A.
Sepam can be used with all types of current transformer.

(1) For all other characteristics, please contact us.

DIN current transformer For AD6, RD6, GL6, BM6 cubicles


Type Ratio (A/A) Measurement VA Protection VA Ith max
cl 0.5 5P20
25 kA/1 s 25 kA/3 s 31.5 kA/1 s 31.5 kA/3 s 40 kA/1 s 40 kA/3 s
ARM9T/N2 50-100/5-5 10-20 5-10 b b b b
100-200/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b
200-400/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b
300-600/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
400-800/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
600-1200/5-5 15-30 5-10 b b b b b b
1500/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b
2000/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b
2500/5-5 15 5 b b b b b b

Low Voltage toroid type current transformers


PE58210

For AD6, RD6 cubicles


F400 cubicles can be fitted with low voltage toroid type current transformers.
F400 cubicles are fitted with LV toroid type current transformers when the
installation requires additional secondary windings (>3).
AOPC, ARL4 and ARL5 toroid current transformers are installed in the cable
ARL5 Toroid type current transformer compartment. The toroid accepts the secondary windings; the cable is the primary
winding.
The transformers have a primary current of 50 to 2500 A and a secondary current
of 1 to 5 A.
The type of AOPC, ARL4 and ARL5 current transformer selected depends on
the number of medium voltage cables installed in the F400 cubicle.
Type of connection pads (for reference only)
Rated voltage Rated current Short-circuit Max. number of Max. number of
current cables CTs

by phase(1) by phase
kV A kA size and type
12-36 1250/1600 31.5 2 2 x AOPC
12-36 2000 31.5 3 2 x ARL4
12-36 2500 31.5 4 2 x ARL5
(1) Cable section for size 3 connection pads: 150 to 630 mm2.

Zero sequence core balance current transformers


E28678

(CSH type)
For AD6, RD6 cubicles
CSH 120 and CSH 200 core balance CTs provide more sensitive protection
by direct measuring of earth fault currents.
Specifically designed for the Sepam range, they can be directly connected
to the Sepam residual current input.
They differ only in diameter:
bbCSH 120 - 120 mm internal diameter
CSH toroid CT bbCSH 200 - 200 mm internal diameter.

58 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring Instrument transformers (cont.)
and control

LPCT Low-Power Current Transformer


PE58211

TLP130 and TLP190 are low-power current transformers, current probe with
voltage output conforming to IEC 60044-8 standard.

TLP130 and TLP190 current transformers in toroidal structure are designed to


measure currents from 5 to 2500 A (1250 A for TLP130, 2500A for TLP190) using
the 100 A/22.5 mV proportion, and can be used for different rated current values as
they are installed on isolated cable.
Benefits
bbThe same probe measures the phase currents between 5-2500 A
bbAccuracy guarantee in the measurement range:
vv Protection: class 5P for 5 A-40 kA
vv Measurement: class 0.5 for 100-2500 A (0.75 for 20 A, 1.5 for 5 A).
bbEasy installation:
vv Secondary cabling ready for connection
vv Easy connection on isolated cable in each cubicle type.
bbSafe use:
TLP190 Low-Power Current Transformer
Phase current measurement range: 5-2500 A vv Secondary circuit trips under load.

For AD6 cubicles


Technical characteristics Type
TLP 130 TLP 190
PE58212

Standard IEC 60044-8 IEC 60044-8


Rated minimum primary current 5A 5A
Rated nominal primary current 100 A 100 A
Rated extended primary current 1250 A 2500 A
Rated secondary voltage 22.5 mV 22.5 mV
Measurement accuracy class 0.5 0.5
Protection accuracy class 5P 5P
Accuracy limit factor 250 400
Rated short-time current 25 kA/1s 40 kA/1s
Highest voltage for equipment 0.72 kV 0.72 kV
Rated power-frequency withstand voltage 3 kV 3 kV
TLP130 Low-Power Current Transformer
Secondary plug RJ45 - 8 pts RJ45 - 8 points
Phase current measurement range: 5-1250 A
Inner Diameter 130 mm 190 mm

AMTED399053EN 59
Protection, monitoring Instrument transformers (cont.)
and control

Voltage transformers
The voltage transformers supply:
bbMeasuring, metering and monitoring instruments
bbRelays and safety devices.
They are installed in the cable connection compartment in the case of incomer/
feeder cubicles and in the busbar compartment in the case of bus sectioning
PE58213

and bus riser cubicles.


The live parts of the dry-insulated voltage transformers are incorporated in a resin
enclosure. These compact transformers have excellent electrical and mechanical
characteristics and are fully protected against fire hazards.

Fixed voltage transformers


F400 cubicles are fitted with fixed voltage transformers.
The three transformers are phase/earth type voltage transformers.
Schneider Electric fixed voltage transformer characteristics.
(For other supplier, please consult us).
VRF3
For AD6, RD6, CL6/GL6, TT6, PT6 cubicles
Type of VT Ratio 1st secondary winding 2nd secondary winding Flow
(VA - class) (VA - class)
Primary 1st secondary 2nd secondary
voltage winding voltage winding voltage
VRF3n/S2 20000 / 3 100 / 3 100 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
100 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
22000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
30000 / 3 100 / 3 100 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
100 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
33000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
35000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous

60 AMTED399053EN
Protection, monitoring Instrument transformers (cont.)
and control

Rotary voltage transformers


PE58214

F400 cubicles can be fitted with rotary voltage transformers. Please consult us.
The three phase/earth voltage transformers are disconnectable devices.
Each transformer is protected by a fuse incorporated in the transformer primary
winding. They are operated simultaneously from the rear of the cubicle.
When the voltage transformers are in the isolated position, the following
operations can be performed with the cubicle powered on:
bbA fuse can be replaced by opening a safety flap
bbTransformers can be accessed by installing a padlockable separator.

VRP4n For AD6 type 1, RD6, CL6/GL6, TT6, BM6 cubicles


Type of VT Ratio 1st secondary winding 2nd secondary winding Flow
(VA - class) (VA - class)
Primary 1st secondary 2nd secondary
voltage winding voltage winding voltage
VRP4n/S1 30000 / 3 100 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5
150 VA cl. 1
33000 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5
150 VA cl. 1
34500 / 3 115 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5
150 VA cl. 1
35000 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5
150 VA cl. 1
VRP4n/S2 20000 / 3 100 / 3 100 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
100 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
22000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
30000 / 3 100 / 3 100 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
100 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
33000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
34500 / 3 115 / 3 115 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
115 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous
35000 / 3 110 / 3 110 / 3 50-100 VA cl. 0.5 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
150 VA cl. 1 100 VA 3P not simultaneous
110 / 3 50 VA cl. 0.5 50 VA cl. 0.5/3P simultaneous
75 VA cl. 1 75 VA cl. 1/3P simultaneous

AMTED399053EN 61
62 AMTED399053EN
Appendices

F400 cubicle equipment 36 kV - 70 kV - 170 kV 64

F400 cubicle equipment 40.5 kV - 85 kV - 185 kV 65

AMTED399053EN 63
Appendices F400 cubicle equipment
36 kV - 70 kV - 170 kV

Equipment Cubicle types


AD6 AD6 RD6 FD6 AL6 CL6 GL6 TT6 PT6 BM6
type 1 type 2
Switchgear
SF or Vacuum circuit-breaker b b b
Single-threshold pressure switch b b b
Dual-threshold pressure switch v v v
Circuit-breaker control disabling v v v
Disconnector truck v v v
Earthing truck v v v
Fuse truck b b
Fixed busbar b b b b b
Racking position indication contact for the withdrawable part b b b
(4NO + 4NC)
Protective shutter padlocking v v v v v
Withdrawable part rack-in padlocking v v v v
Withdrawable part rack-in locking by means of a keylock v v v
or electromagnetic device
Circuit-breaker compartment key locking v v v v v v v v v v
Earthing switch (SMALT)
Earthing switch b b v b v
Earthing switch position indication contact (3NO + 3NC) v v v (1) v v (1)
Earthing switch position key locking v v v (1) v v (1)
Electromagnetic locking of the earthing switch position v v v (1) v v (1)
Voltage transformers
None b b b b b b b b b
Rotary type (2) v v v v v v
Fixed type v v v v v v b
Current transformers
None v v v b b b b b b
Functional (1 to 3 secondary windings) b b
DIN format v (3) b v (3) v b
Low voltage toroid type on cables v v v
LPCT on cables v v v
Zero sequence core balance CSH v v v
Cubicle
Voltage presence indicator b b b b b b b b b
Degree of protection of the enclosure IP3X (4) b b b b b b b b b b
Degree of protection between compartments IP2X b b b b b b b b b b
Anti-arcing protection (5) 25 kA - 1 s v b v b b v v v b v
31.5 kA - 0.5 s v v v v v v
40 kA - 0.15 s(6) v v v v v v
Lightning arrester v v v v v
Anti-condensation resistance (cable compartment and busbar) b b b b b b b b b b
LV control cabinet
Keyless LV control cabinet locking v v v v v v v v v v
LV control cabinet lighting v v v v v v v v v v
Busbar
1250 A or 2500 A exposed b b b b b b b b b b
1250 A or 2500 A insulated v v v v v v v v v v
Connection
Cable connection from the bottom, 1 to 4 single-pole b b b b b
Cable connection from the bottom, 1 to 4 three-pole b b b b b
Cable connection from the top (on request) v v v v v
Busbar connection from the top (on request) v v v v v
(1) With earthing switch option
(2) Integrated fuse
(3) Additional DIN format is available
(4) For IP4X, consult us
(5) For Vacuum circuit-breaker anti arcing protection is in option, please consult us
(6) For SF6 circuit-breakers only
b : Standard equipment
v : Option.

64 AMTED399053EN
Appendices F400 cubicle equipment
40.5 kV - 85 kV(4) - 185 kV

Equipment Cubicle types


AD6 RD6 CL6 GL6 TT6
type 1
Switchgear
SF1 or SF2 circuit-breaker b b
Single-threshold pressure switch b b
Dual-threshold pressure switch v v
Circuit-breaker control disabling v v
Disconnector truck v v
Earthing truck v v
Fixed busbar b b b
Racking position indication contact for the withdrawable part (4NO + 4NC) b b
Protective shutter padlocking v v
Withdrawable part rack-in padlocking v v
Withdrawable part rack-in locking by means of a keylock or electromagnetic device v v
Circuit-breaker compartment key locking v v v v v
Earthing switch (SMALT)
Earthing switch b v v
Earthing switch position indication contact (3NO + 3NC) v v (1) v (1)
Earthing switch position key locking v v (1) v (1)
Electromagnetic locking of the earthing switch position v v (1) v (1)
Voltage transformers
None b b b b b
Rotary type (2) v v v v v
Fixed type v v v v v
Current transformers
None v v b b b
Functional (1 to 3 secondary windings) b b
DIN format v (3) v (3) v
Low voltage toroid type on cables v v
LPCT on cables
Zero sequence core balance CSH v v
Cubicle
Voltage presence indicator b v v v v
Degree of protection of the enclosure IP3X (4) b b b b b
Degree of protection between compartments IP2X b b b b b
Anti-arcing protection 25 kA - 1 s v v v v v
31.5 kA - 0.5 s v v v v v

Lightning arrester v v v
Anti-condensation resistance (cable compartment and busbar) b b b b b
LV control cabinet
Keyless LV control cabinet locking v v v v v
LV control cabinet lighting v v v v v
Busbar
1250 A insulated b b b b b
Connection
Cable connection from the bottom, 1 to 4 single-pole b b
Cable connection from the bottom, 1 to 4 three-pole b b
Cable connection from the top (on request) v v
Busbar connection from the top (on request) v v
(1) With earthing switch option
(2) Integrated fuse
(3) Additional DIN format is available
(4) Ud 95 kV 50 Hz 1min possible
b : Standard equipment
v : Option.

AMTED399053EN 65
Notes

66 AMTED399053EN
ART28744 Schneider Electric Industries SAS - All rights reserved

Schneider Electric Industries SAS


35, rue Joseph Monier As standards, specifications and designs change from time
CS 30323 to time, please ask for confirmation of the information given
F - 92506 Rueil Malmaison Cedex (France) in this publication.
Tl. : +33 (0)1 41 29 70 00
RCS Nanterre 954 503 439 Design: Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Capital social 896 313 776 Photos: Schneider Electric Industries SAS This document has been
www.schneider-electric.com Printed: Altavia Connexion - Made in France printed on recycled paper

AMTED399053EN 07-2015