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Allowable Bearing Capacity calculations by Meyerhof Method

For Raft footing



= 12.5 ( )
25
Where:

= 1 + 0.33 ( ) < 1.33

qa = allowable bearing capacity (kN/m2).
B =width of footing (m) = 19.55.
D = Depth of footing (m) = 17.5.
N =number of blows from SPT (N is the average for the footing influence zone of about 0.5B
above the footing base to at least 2B below) = 50.
H = allowable settlement for Raft, 25mm

= 1 + 0.33 ( ) < 1.33

= 1 + 0.33 (17.5 / 19.55)

= 1.295


= 12.5 ( )
25
= 12.5 x 50 x (25 / 25) 1.295

809 kN/m2

Likewise, Depth of footing (m) = 15. And footing width 25m


= 1 + 0.33 ( ) < 1.33

= 1.198

= 12.5 ( )
25

749 kN/m2
Settlement calculation by Schmertmann Method
Foundation Width, B = 19.55.0m

Foundation Depth, Z (m) = 17.5

According to Schmertmann and Hartman (1978), the settlement is:


z2
S e C1C2 q q
Iz
z
0 Es
Where:
I z Strain influence factor

C1 = A correction factor for the depth of foundation embedment


1 0.5q /q q

C2= A correction factor to account for creep in soil= 1 + 0.2 log (time in years/0.1)

q Stress at the level of the foundation

q D f
= Overburden pressure

Calculation:

Assumed Allowable Soil bearing pressure, qa = 571 kN/m2

Eff. Unit wt. Of soil 1 (Kpa) = 12.2 kN/m3 ie (22.0 kN/m3 - 9.8 kN/m3)

q = net effective pressure applied at the level of the foundation = 571-(7*17.5+ 2*9.69+8.5*12.2)
= 325 kN/m2

Eff. Overburden Pressure at depth B/2, = 12.2 x ((19.55/2) + 17.5) = 332.76 kN/m2

q D f
Eff. Overburden Pr. at foundation level (kPa), = (7*17.5+ 2*9.69+8.5*12.2)
= 246 kN/m2
Max. Influence Factor at depth B/2 = 0.5+0.1(q/)

= 0.5 + 0.1 ((571-((246 / 332.76 ) = 0.60

C1 = A correction factor for the depth of foundation embedment


1 0.5q /q q

= 1 0.5 (246 /325 ) = 0.62


C2= A correction factor to account for creep in soil= 1 + 0.2 log (time in years/0.1)

Since the site is composed of SANDSTONE / CALCARENITE/, a time period of 1 year is


considered for the calculation.

C2 = ! + 0.2 log(1 / 0.1) = 1.20

For Layer 0.00 to 0.50m:


Avg. Depth below foundation level = 0.25 m
Layer Thickness = 0.50 m
Strain influence factor Iz

Iz = 0.1 + ( ) X Zavg at Zavg < 0.5xB
0.5

Iz = ( ) X (2B-Zavg) at Zavg > 0.5xB
1.5

Zavg = 0.25 < 0.5

0.62
Hence, Iz = 0.1 + ( ) X 0.25 = 0.12
0.5 19.55
Es for the SANDSTONE / CALCARENITE assumed as 120000 kPA

Hence the settlement is


z2
S e C1C2 q q
Iz
z
0 Es
= 0.62x 1.20 x (325) x (0.12 x 0.50) / 120000= 0.0001209m = 0.12mm
Likewise, the settlements are calculated for each layers and are shown in the table
below:
Depth below foundation level
Settlement (mm)
From (m) To (m)
0.00 0.50 0.12
0.50 1.00 0.15
1.00 1.50 0.18
1.50 2.00 0.21
2.00 2.50 0.24
2.50 3.00 0.27
3.00 4.00 0.63
4.00 5.00 0.76
5.00 6.00 0.88
6.00 7.00 1.00
7.00 8.00 1.13
8.00 9.00 0.75
9.00 10.00 0.83
10.00 11.00 0.71
11.00 12.00 0.68
12.00 13.00 0.66
13.00 14.00 0.63
14.00 15.00 0.61
15.00 16.00 0.58
16.00 17.00 0.56
17.00 18.00 0.53
18.00 19.00 0.51
19.00 20.00 0.48
20.00 21.00 0.46
21.00 22.00 0.43
22.00 23.00 0.41
23.00 24.00 0.39
24.00 25.00 0.36
25.00 26.00 0.34
26.00 27.00 0.31
27.00 28.00 0.29
28.00 29.00 0.26
29.00 30.00 0.24
30.00 31.00 0.21
31.00 32.00 0.19
32.00 33.00 0.11
33.00 34.00 0.09
34.00 35.00 0.08
35.00 36.00 0.06
36.00 37.00 0.04
37.00 38.00 0.03
38.00 39.00 0.01
Cumulative sum of the settlement for all the layers is 17.4mm < limiting settlement
25mm for the Net Allowable Bearing Pressure of 325 kN/m2
Likewise, the settlements are calculated for each layers for the foundation @ 15.0m
and are shown in the table below:
Eff. Overburden Pr.at depth B/2
(Kpa) 335.50
Max. Influence factor ( at depth
Foundation Width 25.00 B/2) 0.59
Foundation Depth Df (m) 15.00 Eff. Overburden Pr.at
foundation level (Kpa) 183.00
Eff. Unit wt. Of soil r1 (Kpa) 12.20
Net incr. In pressure at found.
Allowable Bearing pr. (KPa) 483.00 Level (Kpa) 300.00
Depth Factor C1 0.70
Creep Factor C2 1.20

Depth below foundation level


Settlement (mm)
From (m) To (m)
0.00 0.50 0.12
0.50 1.00 0.14
1.00 1.50 0.17
1.50 2.00 0.19
2.00 2.50 0.21
2.50 3.00 0.24
3.00 4.00 0.55
4.00 5.00 0.65
5.00 6.00 0.75
6.00 7.00 0.85
7.00 8.00 0.95
8.00 9.00 1.04
9.00 10.00 0.69
10.00 11.00 0.74
11.00 12.00 0.80
12.00 13.00 0.74
13.00 14.00 0.72
14.00 15.00 0.70
15.00 16.00 0.68
16.00 17.00 0.66
17.00 18.00 0.64
18.00 19.00 0.62
19.00 20.00 0.60
20.00 21.00 0.58
21.00 22.00 0.56
22.00 23.00 0.54
23.00 24.00 0.52
24.00 25.00 0.50
25.00 26.00 0.48
26.00 27.00 0.46
27.00 28.00 0.44
28.00 29.00 0.42
29.00 30.00 0.40
30.00 31.00 0.38
31.00 32.00 0.36
32.00 33.00 0.34
33.00 34.00 0.22
34.00 35.00 0.20
35.00 36.00 0.19
36.00 37.00 0.18
37.00 38.00 0.16
38.00 39.00 0.15
39.00 40.00 0.14
40.00 41.00 0.12
41.00 42.00 0.11
42.00 43.00 0.10
43.00 44.00 0.09
44.00 45.00 0.07
45.00 46.00 0.06
46.00 47.00 0.05
47.00 48.00 0.03
48.00 49.00 0.02
49.00 50.00 0.01
Cumulative sum of the settlement for all the layers is 21.34 < limiting settlement 25mm
for the Net Allowable Bearing Pressure of 300 kN/m2