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Camel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation).
Camel
A one-humped camel
Dromedary
(Camelus dromedarius)
A shaggy two-humped camel
Bactrian camel
(Camelus bactrianus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Tribe: Camelini
Genus: Camelus
Linnaeus, 1758
Species
Camelus bactrianus
Camelus dromedarius
Camelus ferus
Camelus gigas (fossil)[1]
Camelus moreli (fossil)
Camelus sivalensis (fossil)[2]

Synonyms
List[show]
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty
deposits known as "humps" on its back. The three surviving species of camel are the
dromedary, or one-humped camel (C. dromedarius), which inhabits the Middle East and
the Horn of Africa; the Bactrian, or two-humped camel (C. bactrianus), which
inhabits Central Asia; and the critically endangered wild Bactrian camel (C. ferus)
that has limited populations in remote areas of northwest China and Mongolia.
Bactrian camels take their name from the historical Bactria region of Central Asia
(Yam & Khomeiri, 2015).[3] Additionally one other species of camel [4] in the
separate genus Camelops, C. hesternus [5] lived in western North America and became
extinct when humans entered the continent at the end of the Pleistocene. Both the
dromedary and the Bactrian camels have been domesticated; they provide milk, meat,
hair for textiles or goods such as felted pouches, and are working animals with
tasks ranging from human transport to bearing loads.

The term camel is derived via Latin and Greek (Latin: camelus and Greek: ??????
kamelos respectively) from Hebrew or Phoenician gamal.[6][7]

Most of the world's camels are dromedaries (94%) while Bactrian camels and wild
Bactrian camels make up only 6% of the total camel population (Yam & Khomeiri,
2015).[3] "Camel" may also be used more broadly to describe any of the seven camel-
like mammals in the family Camelidae: the three true camels and the four New World
camelids (the llama, alpaca, guanaco, and vicua).[8]