3 views

Uploaded by kittyiii

dca

- Logs of Negative Numbers
- Answer Stuff to 2b Unit 2.5 Hmwk
- ODD05.pdf
- DE
- Calculus the Elements
- CalcuIus Complete Practice
- Evaluating Exponential Functions Worksheet PDF
- PCAT Basics
- Chapter 9 Study Guide KEY.pdf
- unit 7 outline red block 3 math iii -- exponential and logarithmic functions
- math
- 7 Biología Gases y Sus Leyes
- JGU Statistics BusinessMath Course Outline
- EEE-212_A2_04_May5_1206042_06
- burford-project 2- mathematical modeling autosaved
- Gelfand
- Log Normal Distribution
- CHETHE2 Group 2 Barongan Mulingtapang Opoc)
- Lesson Plan 3 Overview
- _Lesson11.doc

You are on page 1of 11

Decline Curves that plot flow rate vs. time are the most common tools for

forecasting production and monitoring well performance in the field. These curves

quickly show by graphic means which wells or fields are producing as expected or

under producing. Mainly used because they are easy to set up and to use in the field.

They are not based on any of the physics of the flow of oil and gas through the rock

formations, empirical in nature. The most common forms are daily flow rates vs. the

month. Water and gas rates are commonly plotted along with the oil rate, or GOR

and WOR. Cumulative production vs. the months is also very common, both oil

and water can be plotted.

These plots are plotted both on linear plots and semi-log plots with the q on the log

scale.

Express the rate of change in terms of decline rate D.

Differential form

( )

the decline rate

( )

First derivative

[ ]

declines from the initial value to a later value. Operating conditions can

cause changes during the life of the well. Divide the production history

into like segments to better understand the future production.

Three types of decline curves

Exponential b= 0

Harmonic b=1

Hyperbolic 0<b<1

Equations can be derived from the previous equations

Integrating over the range 0 to t, and defining the initial decline rate at

t=0 as Di

Gives us

( )

For the case of b = 0 then D = Di, the decline rate is not a function of

time, it remains constant throughout the life of the well.

( )

( )

( )

Combine equations

[ ]

Exponential Equations

Expressing the b = 0 equation in log terms and in the form of a straight

line with ln q as the y axis and t on the x axis

[ ]

So

[ ]

[ ( )]

Rearrange for the line equation

Linear Time

q q i e Dt

Effective decline is

qi q

De

qi

Nominal decline is

D ln 1 De

or

De 1 e D

Example 1: Given that a well has declined from 100 BOPD to 96 BOPD during a

one month period

a) Predict the rate after 11 more months using nominal exponential decline.

b) Same as part a), using effective decline.

a) Nominal decline

qi 100 BOPD

q 96 BOPD

t 1 month

q qi e Dt

q

e Dt

qi

q

ln Dt

qi

q 1

D ln i

q t

100 1

D ln 0.04082 / month

96 1

q q i e Dt

q 100e 0.0408212

q 61.27 BOPD

b) Effective decline

q i q 100 96

De 0.04 / month

qi 100

convert to yearly

1 Dey 1 Dem

12

1 Dey 1 0.04

12

q q i 1 De

q 1001 0.3875

q 61.27 BOPD

Cumulative production

t

N p qdt

0

t

N p q i e Dt dt

0

q i Dt t

Np e

D 0

Np

D

q i Dt

e eo

Np

qi

D

1 e Dt

qi q

Np

D

Example 2: Calculate the amount of oil produced during the first year for the well

above

q i 100 BOPD

100 61.27

Np 365 28,858 STB

0.48986

q i 100 BOPD

100 1 1

D ln 0.001342

96 30.42 day

Np

100

0.001342

1 e 0.001342365

N p 28,858 STB

Example 3: Project the yearly production for the well in the above examples for the

next 5 years.

Np

61.27

0.001342

1 e 0.001342365

N p 17,681

Np

37.54

0.001342

1 e 0.001342365

N p 10,834

Yearly

Rate End of

Year Production

Year (BOPD)

(STB)

0 100.00 -

1 61.27 28,858

2 37.54 17,681

3 23.00 10,834

4 14.09 6,639

5 8.64 4,061

68,073 Cumulative

STB after 5

years

- Logs of Negative NumbersUploaded byJacob Richey
- Answer Stuff to 2b Unit 2.5 HmwkUploaded byJava OOP
- ODD05.pdfUploaded byK Adris Segura
- DEUploaded byMarcus F
- Calculus the ElementsUploaded byBetulix
- CalcuIus Complete PracticeUploaded byNiranjan Ramesh
- Evaluating Exponential Functions Worksheet PDFUploaded byMarquis
- PCAT BasicsUploaded byfizzlysprite
- Chapter 9 Study Guide KEY.pdfUploaded byRahmadhanningsih
- unit 7 outline red block 3 math iii -- exponential and logarithmic functionsUploaded byapi-335961271
- mathUploaded bysalman saeed
- 7 Biología Gases y Sus LeyesUploaded bydeckbyte865
- JGU Statistics BusinessMath Course OutlineUploaded byPro
- EEE-212_A2_04_May5_1206042_06Uploaded byMuhammad Mesbahur Rahman
- burford-project 2- mathematical modeling autosavedUploaded byapi-430812455
- GelfandUploaded byCarlos Pérez
- Log Normal DistributionUploaded byEuving Au
- CHETHE2 Group 2 Barongan Mulingtapang Opoc)Uploaded byjustinndonn
- Lesson Plan 3 OverviewUploaded byMajid Hameed
- _Lesson11.docUploaded byAsa Ka
- LogarithmicUploaded byJuliah Cristine Julio
- DifferentiationUploaded byhazrol
- Unit Vector NotationUploaded byEdna Mae Cruz
- p211lec1Uploaded byPatrick Sibanda
- Newtons Second LawUploaded byJustin Pena
- ap09_frq_calculus_ab_formbUploaded byRosie Steinbach
- Gandolfo Cap 11 EdUploaded byMiguel S Ordoñez
- Aerial Robotics Lecture 1B_2 Dynamics and 1-D Linear ControlUploaded byIain McCulloch
- Introduction to Pressure Transient AnalysisUploaded byCedric Kimloaz
- Al II H Final Review PDFUploaded bysanthi

- IstilahUploaded bykittyiii
- 1.15. Wash Tank - Mrt 2014Uploaded bykittyiii
- 148986050 Materi Kuliah MT Angkatan II Tahun 2007 2008Uploaded bykittyiii
- 3. PiggingUploaded byMuhammad Adib
- SeparatorUploaded byAfrina Wulan Munir-sikumBang
- Petroleum Resources Management System 2007Uploaded byArmel Brissy
- 005-apitubing.pdfUploaded bykittyiii
- API Casing 2010Uploaded byWolomi
- Gamma Ray LogUploaded bykittyiii
- RbaUploaded bykittyiii
- Radioactive LogUploaded bykittyiii
- KAMUS minyakUploaded byRheza Bandicotz
- Pendesakan TercampurUploaded bykittyiii

- Norwin MS Winter Band Concert 2015Uploaded byNorwin High School Band
- 5$20Polygons$20ProofsUploaded by1dulles
- Yearly Lesson Plan Mathematics Form3 2015 SMKDHAWUploaded byYd Mn
- Cbse Sample Papers for Class 10 Mathematics Sa 2 (1)Uploaded byVinod Bihal
- 051613Uploaded byRaslawski
- belief matrixUploaded byapi-384108912
- 12 an Even and an Odd Problem - NsParityUploaded byNora
- History of Campus Journalism in the PhilippinesUploaded byJackyline Tuyor Lagaña
- 2015 HS ProblemsUploaded byLuiz Ponce Alonso Ponce
- C03-P001-P010Uploaded by何凱翔
- Killer Math 1Uploaded bySwapnil Dhasmana
- Chapter 01Uploaded byOreomath Analysis
- 0580_s13_ms_43.pdfUploaded byHaider Ali
- 2013-03-07 The County TimesUploaded bySouthern Maryland Online
- STPM_Maths_S_T_P2_2011Uploaded byAcyl Chloride Hariprem
- Genius by Mike Byster - ExcerptUploaded byCrown Publishing Group
- IB Grade Computation Chart 2009Uploaded bySuhavni Luthra
- 12-13_03_JSUploaded bymukhlish_novandi
- mixture problems.docxUploaded byJemyr Ann Navarro
- 1983 Mathematics Paper2Uploaded byGeorge Chiu
- CBSE Class 11 Mathematics Sample Paper-05 (Unsolved)Uploaded bycbsesamplepaper
- ASSIGNMENT (CH-DETERMINANTS).pdfUploaded byManas Ranjan Jena
- math4all.pdfUploaded byWalter Won
- classroom policiesUploaded byapi-316490850
- resume for kevin johnstonUploaded byapi-263583935
- WELS Perm FormUploaded byvirginia.philbrook
- Chapter 3 - Displaying and Summarizing Quantitative DataUploaded byAdam Glassner
- BeerMOM_GE_C07-P001-P169Uploaded byKaoru Amane
- “Vitruvian Man” by Leonardo Da Vinci and the Golden RatioUploaded bymemfilmat
- 1107 Taylor ApproximationUploaded byyohannes