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Name: ____________ Date: ____________

SUBATOMIC PARTICLES W0RKSHEET


1. How does the amount of electrons compare to the number of protons in an atom?

2. What is the equation to find the number of neutrons?

3. What are the charges on an electron, proton and neutron?

4. Where are each of the subatomic particles located inside an atom?


Electron
Proton
Neutron

Use your periodic table to complete this worksheet


ELEMENT ATOMIC MASS STANDARD NUMBER NUMBER OF NUMBER
NAME NUMBER NUMBER ATOMIC OF ELECTRONS OF
NOTATION PROTONS NEUTRONS
ALUMINUM
40
Ar
18

4
5
40
CARBON
18
19
2
0
3
12
NEON
7
8
31
19
14
16
SODIUM

5. After doing this sheet what do you notice about the number of neutrons in a small atom
compared to the number of protons?
SUBATOMIC PARTICLES W0RKSHEET
1. How does the amount of electrons compare to the number of protons in an atom? equal
2. What is the equation to find the number of neutrons? Atomic mass Atomic number
3. What are the charges on an electron, proton and neutron?
Electron is negative, proton is positive and neutron has a neutral charge
4. Where are each of the subatomic particles located?
Electron outside the nucleus Proton inside the nucleus Neutron inside the nucleus
Use your periodic table to complete this worksheet
ELEMENT ATOMIC MASS STANDARD NUMBER NUMBER OF NUMBER
NAME NUMBER NUMBER ATOMIC OF ELECTRONS OF
NOTATION PROTONS NEUTRONS
27
ALUMINUM Al
13 27 13 13 13 14
40
Argon Ar
18 40 18 18 18 22
9
Beryllium Be
4 9 4 4 4 5
11
Boron B
5 11 5 5 5 6
40
Calcium Ca
20 40 20 20 20 20
12
CARBON C
6 12 6 6 6 6
35
Chlorine Cl
17 35 17 17 17 18
19
Fluorine F
9 19 9 9 9 10
4
Helium He
2 4 2 2 2 2
1
Hydrogen H
1 1 1 1 1 0
7
Lithium Li
3 7 3 3 3 4
24
Magnesium Mg
12 24 12 12 12 12
20
NEON Ne
10 20 10 10 10 10
14
Nitrogen N
7 14 7 7 7 7
16
Oxygen O
8 16 8 8 8 8
31
Phosphorus P
15 31 15 15 15 16
39
Potassium K
19 39 19 19 19 20
28
Silicon Si
14 28 14 14 14 14
32
Sulfur S
16 32 16 16 16 16
23
SODIUM Na
11 23 11 11 11 12

5. After doing this sheet what do you notice about the number of neutrons in a small atom
compared to the number of protons? They are the same or # of neutron is one more than # of
protons; except for Argon! As atoms get larger, this relationship no longer applies.

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