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CPUSH (Unit 5, #3) Name __________________________

Date _______________ Pd ________

Abolitionism and Sectional Tensions
Frederick Douglass Angelina and Sarah Grimke

The Abolitionists
William Lloyd Garrison Hinton Helper

John C. Calhoun

of slavery

George Fitzhugh
Fitzhugh and Grimke sisters
Douglass and Calhoun
Conversation #2 Mexican American War 1846-1848 Conversation #3 Free Soil Party formed in 1848
Helper and Garrison
in 1846, the USA engaged in a war with Mexico. Americans hoped The main goal of the Free Soil Party was to limit the spread of
Conversation #1 Nat Turner Rebellion in 1831 slavery into the western territories. Free-soilers did not believe
In 1831, the slave Nat Turner was led a shocking revolt against to gain new lands as part of its Manifest Destiny. Texas and most
of the Mexican Cession were below the 3630 line that the Constitution allowed for abolition of slavery
slavery, killing 55 whites, mostly women and children.
This was the bloodiest slave rebellion in U.S. history.
Dozens of blacks were killed in retaliation 1860
1850 Lincoln is elected;
Bleeding Kansas South Carolina secedes
1833 King Cotton violence between
makes up 60% of from the Union
William Lloyd pro- and anti-slavery
1820 all exports; Slavery forces
Garrison formed is dominant in
All Northern the American the Deep South
1776 1787 1793 states have Anti-Slavery
outlawed slavery Society
American 3/5th Compromise Eli Whitneys
Revolution of the cotton gin leads
leads many to Constitution to King Cotton
1619 free their
First African slaves
slaves brought
to America

1787 1820 1854 1859

1848 1857
Northwest Ordinance 1808 Kansas-Nebraska John Browns raid at
1739 The Missouri Treaty of Guadalupe- Supreme
outlawed slavery in the U.S. government Compromise restricted Act passed; Harpers Ferry
Stono slave NW territories Hidalgo gave USA the Courts Dred
outlawed the slavery in the western Formation Scott decision
rebellion in trans-Atlantic Mexican Cession; Most of the
South Carolina territories at 3630 land is south of the
slave trade Republican Party
3630 line

Garrison and Douglass Grimke sisters and Helper

Calhoun and Fitzhugh
Conversation #5 Compromise of 1850 Conversation #6 Uncle Toms Cabin in 1852
Conversation #4 Wilmot Proviso in 1846 A new compromise was needed when California applied to
The Wilmot Proviso was a proposal to outlaw slavery in the Harriet Beecher Stowe's book had a major influence on how
become a state. CA entered as a free state, but the South Northerners viewed slavery. It showed the cruelty of slave masters
Mexican Cession. This would have limited the Souths gained a new Fugitive Slave Law that declared that runaway
ability to create new slave states in the West. and opened peoples eyes to the horrors of Southern slavery.
slaves had to be returned to their masters.