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PG Diploma in Rural

Development Management


Centre for PG Studies and Distance Education

National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj
Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500030

Trimester -1

Course Code and Course RDM 501: Rural Society, Culture & Polity
Course Teacher(s) Dr Sonal Mobar Roy and Dr R R Prasad
Sessions No./Credit 30/3 credits
Course Objective and Course 1. To introduce students to the underpinnings of rural
Outline society, and to engage them in questioning existing
prejudices and stereotypes about social groups, their
values and practices.
2. To appreciate and critically engage with different
perspectives on understanding society
3. To learn basic concepts of class, caste, gender and
ethnicity and their contexts in India.
4. To learn about social aspects of development challenges in
India in respect of dalits, tribes, women and minorities,
particularly Muslims in India.
5. To critically engage into contemporary debates on Indian
rural society

Society in India: Social structure and change: Components of

Social Structure; Hierarchy and Stratification; Endogenous
and Exogenous factors of Change; Agrarian Social Structure

Ethnicity : The concept of Ethnicity, Ethnic groups in India;

Diversity and Plurality; Development challenges and Ethnic

Tribe: Definition, Typology, Characteristics and Distribution

of Tribes in India; Processes and Nature of changes in Tribal
Societies; Isolationist versus Integrationist Approach

Caste and Class: Concept of Caste and Class; Different

perspectives on caste system; Caste in Contemporary India;
Caste inequality; Dominance and Exploitation; Caste
Associations; Caste and Social Justice: Schedule Castes and
Other Backward Classes

Polity : Traditional and Modern Political Organisations; Caste

and Politics

Gender: Social construction of Gender; Intersection between

Gender, Caste, Class and Religion; Gender Inequalities and
Injustice; Gender and Development and Status of Women in

India in Patrilineal and Matrilineal Societies

Contemporary Debates on Indian Rural Society: In-house

debate among students around the following possible topics:
i. Human Development
ii. Human Rights
iii. Sustainable Development Goals
iv. Development and Displacement
v. Social impact assessment
vi. Womens Right to Property
vii. Reservation as a Tool of Dispensing Social Justice
viii. Rural to Urban Migration
ix. Sustainable Human Development,
x. Growth With Equity And Inclusive Growth,
xi. Social Capital
xii. Social exclusion and inclusion
xiii. Community Mobilization
xiv. Participatory Approaches to Development
xv. Development of Minorities In India,
xvi. Development of Persons with Disability
xvii. Vulnerable and marginalized sections
Pedagogy Class Room Lectures
TEDx Talks
List (and attach) Readings:
Reading Material - World Bank. 2012. Gender Equality and
Notes Development: World Development Report 2012.
Text Book(s) Washington, D.C: The World Bank. Overview, pp. 2-
Chapters 21.
Articles Beneria, Lourdes and Gita Sen, 1981. Accumulation,
Cases Reproduction, and Womens Role in Economic
PPTs Development Revisited Signs 7(2)
Videos 1299699968583/7786210-1315936222006/Complete-
UNDP Measuring gender inequality (Chapter 3) in
Human Development Report, UNDP, New York, 1995
Naila Kabeer (2005). Gender equality and womens
empowerment, Gender and Development 13 (1).
Naila Kabeer (2012). Womens economic
empowerment and inclusive growth: labor markets
and enterprise development.
Inclusive Growth: More than Safety Nets: Arjan de
Haan, International Development Research Centre,
Ottawa Sukhadeo Thorat, Jawaharlal Nehru

University, New Delhi SIG WORKING PAPER
2013/1 January 2013
Inclusive Growth: redistribution, access, participation
Arjan de Haan, IDRC, Canada Draft 1 May 2017
Simon Kuznets (1995). Economic growth and income
Inequality, American economic review, 65, 1-28.
Korten, D. (1983). Social development, Puuting the
People First in Buruecracy and the Poor:Closing the
UNDP reports
Poverty Index report
ASER report
Anand S And Sen A (1996). Sustainable human
Development: Concepts and priorities, UNDP.
Sen A K (1973) Poverty, Inequality, Unemployment:
Some conceptual issues in Measurement, EPW
S Srinivasa Rao (2002). Dalits in Education and
workforce, EPW.
Disability and Development: A contribution to
promoting the interests of persons
with disabilities in German Development Cooperation
-Policy Paper by Anja Fischer (GTZ), Katja Franke
(GTZ), Dr. Matthias Rompel (GTZ), 2006
Inclusive education in India: Interpretation,
Implementation and Issues, Katharine G Lindsay
Report of national commission for Religious and
Linguistic minorities (2007)
Empowerment of rural women: the role of gender-
responsive governance and institutions-UN ESC,
Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory,
Research, and Policy-Michael Woolcock and Deepa
Narayan, Final version submitted to the World Bank
Research Observer, 15(2), 2000 December
Democratic Potentials in Cultural Politics: Caste
Based Reservations and the Issues of Citizenship-
Dipankar Gupta
Beteille, Andre 1991 Distributive Justice and
Institutional Well Being, Economic and Political
Weekly, (Annual Number), vol. 26, pp. 591-600.
School Participation in Rural India by Jean Drze
Centre for Development Economics (Delhi School of
Economics) & Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, Institute for
Economics and Statistics (University of Oxford)

Measuring Sustainable Development: Theory and
Application PARTHA DASGUPTA, Asian
Development Review, vol. 24, no. 1, 2007
Human development, poverty, health & nutrition
situation in India-G.M. Antony & A. Laxmaiah,
Indian J Med Res 128, August 2008, pp 198-205
Bonding and Bridging: Understanding the
Relationship between Social Capital and Civic
Action by Larissa Larsen, Sharon L. Harlan, Bob
Bolin,Edward J. Hackett, Diane Hope, Andrew Kirby,
Amy Nelson, Tom R. Rex, & Shaphard Wolf, Journal
of Planning Education and Research 24:64-77, 2004
Scaling Up Community-Driven Development: A
Synthesis Of Experience By Stuart Gillespie,
International Food Policy Research Institute, 2004
Dalit Situation in India by Mukul Sharma
MDG and dalits, NACDOR status report, 2004
People With Disabilities In India: From Commitments
To Outcomes. The World Bank , May 2007
Rights of the Disabled by Anuradha Mohit, Meera
Pillai, Pratiti Rungta, NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS
XEROX material wherever necessary would be
provided to the students.
PPTs would be shared with students after the session.
The reading would be updated as the classes progress.

*The tutorials would cover critically analyzing the readings given, books, and for conducting


- Hiwre Bazaar
- Jadugoda-The Black Magic
- Social Capital
- Story of stuff
- The Wives
- TED talks-Bunker Roy
- Social Problems in India-Ram Ahuja
- Rural society in India-K L Sharma

- Everybody loves a Good Drought-P Sainath
- Tribal Culture of India: Vidyarthi & Rai
- Community Mobilisation: R R Prasad
- Behind Mud Walls: W H Wiser
- Village India: A R Desai
- Poor Economics: Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Dufflo

Course Code and Course RDM 502: Development Theories and
Course Teacher(s) Dr. Kailash Sarap and Dr. Sucharita Pujari,

Sessions (#)/Credit 20 Sessions Part I + 10 Sessions for Part -II

Course Objective and Course To provide conceptual and empirical framework for
Outline understanding the changing development scenario scenario
with Indian and other developing countries



Development Changing Paradigm of development

(economic development, human development and
development as freedom), its measurement, Millennium
Development and its goals for developing countries. Gender
Inequality and development. Institutions and economic
Development, Property rights and incentive mechanism


Evolution of economic development; Classical Theory,

Rostows stages of Growth, Keynesian growth models (The
Harrod Growth Model), Marxian and Dependency Theory,
Gandhian concept of Development, Dual economy Models
(Lewis Model) and Structural Transformation and pattern of

III Natural Resource, its sustainability ,and Environment:

sustainability for renewable resources; common-pool
resources and its management, state regulation of the
environment and Sustainable Development, climate change


DEVELOPMENT: Overview: Good Governance: Attributes
and Challenges, Participatory and Decentralized
Governance.Inclusive Growth, Economic reforms

V. Development in Practices

Part II -Gender and Development Part II

Understanding Gender Concepts

Difference between Sex and Gender

Understanding Patriarchy, Caste and social
construction of Gender in India.
Gender division of labour
Gender Needs & Gender Analysis
Gender Equality and Equity
Gender Roles and Gender relations
Gender Planning &Gender Mainstreaming
Gendered Citizenship ( Constitutional Rights, 33%
Reservation for women, Justice Verma Bill of Rights
WID to GAD Approach
Feminist Perspectives

Gender Issues in Development

Significance of Gender in development debates and

policies (gender differentials in access to resources)

Gender Planning and gender mainstreaming in

Rural Development (Education, Health,
Employment) with reference to SDGs

Gender Budgeting and Policy Development

Rights of the Girl Child & Gender based Violence.
Womens Leadership and Gender Responsive
Land and Property Rights
Women & Issues of Livelihood, Shelter, Water and

Empowerment and Status of Women

The Process of women Empowerment, Dimensions and

important indicators of Empowerment
Gender Development Index
Gender Empowerment Measure
National Programmes, Policies & Laws Favouring
Empowerment of Women
Undercount of Womens work in National GDP
UN Conferences on Women : A global Perspective

Gender and Social Institutions

Institutional background to Gender Inequalities

Kinship Structure
Son Prefernce
Sex Ratio Trends and Patterns and Low Status of
Constitutional Guarantees and Laws concerning
DV Act 2005, SHW Act 2013, Property Rights Act

Pedagogy Lectures,
Short film screenings, Review of documentaries
Group work, Reading and analysing statistical
reports, Policy recommendations.
Case Studies , Presentations and Discussions
(documenting gendered inequalities through case
studies and surveys)
Emphasis will be on Participatory Approaches and
Experiential Learning.

List (and attach) Readings:

Reading Material - 1.Debraj Ray: Development Economics, Oxford University

Notes Press, 2009.

Text Book(s)
2. Elinor Ostrom: Governing the Commons: The Evolution of
Articles Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge University
Press, 1990.


PPTs 3. Kartar Singh: Rural Development: Principles, Policies and

Management, Sage, 2010.

4. A.P. Thiriwall: Economics of Development: Theory and

Evidence, Ninth Edition, Palgrave, 2011.

5. Elinor Ostrom, Understanding Institutional Diversity,

Princeton University Press, 2005.

6. Jean Dreze and Amarty Sen: An Uncertain Glory: India

and its Contradictions, Penguin Book, 2013.

7. Amit Bhaduri and Deepak Nayyar, An Intelligent Persons

Guide to Liberalization, Penguin India, 1996.

8. The World Bank :World Development Report 2017:

governance and the law,2017

9. Bhasin, Kamala. 2000. Understanding gender. Kali

for women: New Delhi
10. Bhasin, Kamala. 1993. What is patriarchy? Kali for
women: New Delhi
11. Gandhi, Nandita and Shah, Nandita: 1992. The Quota
question. Akshara: Mumbai
12. Kannabiran, K. (ed). The violence of normal
times:Essays on womens lived realities.Kali for
women: New Delhi.
13. Mukhopadhyaya, M and S Meer. 2004. Creating
voice and carving space: Redefining governance from
a gender perspective. (Royal Tropical Institute,
Amsterdam, 2004)
14. Mukhopadhya and Singh, N. (ed). 2007. Gender
justice, citizenship and development. Zubaan: New
15. Pant, Mandakini. 2002. Enhancing womens
political participation: Documenting

womens struggle for electoral representation.
Mumbai: RCWS
16. National Policy for Empowerment of Women , 2016
India Human Development Reports
17. Agarwal Bina (2016) GENDER CHALLENGES A
three volume compendium of selected papers (Oxford
University Press)
18. Miller, Barbara, D. 1981. The Endangered Sex.
Cornell University Press , cornell
19. Batliwala, S. and Dhanraj, D. 2007 Gender myths
that instrumentalize women: a view from the Indian
front line. In A. Cornwall, E. Harrison, A.
Whitehead,Feminisms in Development:
Contradictions, contestations and challenges. London:
Zed Books.
20. Subramanian, R. 2007 Making sense of gender in
shifting institutional contexts: some reflections on
gender mainstreaming. In A. Cornwall, E. Harrison,
21. Whitehead Feminisms in Development:
Contradictions, contestations and challenges.
London: Zed Books.

22.Batliwala, S. 1994. The meaning of womens

empowerment: new concepts foraction, in Sen, G et al.
Population policies reconsidered: health, empowerment and
rights. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press

23.Patel Vibhuti (2002): Womens Challenges of the New

Millennium. New Delhi. Gyan Publishing House.

Course Code and Course RDM 504- Rural Organisation and
Governance (ROG)- Part I

Course Teachers Mr. G. Muralidhar, Dr. Dheeraja, Dr. Akanksha Shukla,

Dr. Pratyusna Patnaik, Dr. K.V. Gouri,

Sessions (#)/Credit 6 sessions (Session 9 14)

Course Objective and Course To make the students understand the concept of
Outline& Session Plan Democratic Decentralisation & Devolution
To facilitate the students to gain understanding on
Evolution & Structure Panchayati Raj Institutions,
Provisions of PESA Act, 1996 and Decentralised
Governance in North-eastern states
To sensitize the students to appreciate the principles
of transparency and accountability
To enable the students understand the concept of
social audit and equip them to apply it to the
development sector

Course content

Democratic Decentralisation & Devolution(2 sessions)

Representation and Participation
Evolution, Structure & Functions of Panchayati Raj
Institutions (2 Sessions)
Evolution of PRIs in India
Current status of Panchayats
Participation at Village level: Gram Sabha, Ward
Functions of PRIs
Provisions of PESA Act, 1996 & Decentralised Governance
in North-eastern States (2 Sessions)

Salient features of PESA Act, 1996

Tribal self-governance & role of gram sabha
Power and functions of Autonomous District councils

& Village Councils

Accountability: Concept, formal and informal systems

inbuilt, social accountability, Tools and techniques

(Participatory budget formulation

Formulation of alternative budget

Budget review and analysis

Citizen Report Cards (CRC),

Community Score Cards (CSC)

Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS),

Citizens Charter

Corruption Surveys


Citizen Juries

Public Interest Litigation

Recall of Parliamentarians)

Laws that enable accountability- Public Service Delivery Act

Transparency: Concept, pro- active disclosure, Means by

which transparency can be ensured, RTI

Social Audits: Concept, Principles, process, MGNREGS

Audit of Scheme Rules 2011, Application of social audit to
different rural development programmes (MGNREGS,

Pedagogy Lectures, Best Practices - Case Studies, Videos

List (and attach) Articles:

Reading Material - Roadmap for the Panchayati Raj (2011 - 2017): An all

Notes India Perspective
Decentralisation in India: Challenges & Opportunities
Text Book(s) Decentralisation in India: Poverty, Politics &
Chapters Panchayati Raj, ODI Working Paper, 2003

Articles Thematic Modules

Cases Best Practices case studies

PPTs Power point presentations

Videos Videos (Hivre Bazar - Maharshtra, Piplantri - Rajasthan,

Unnati ki Aur - Sikkim)

Course Code and Course
RDM 505: Financial Accounting
Course Teacher(s) Dr. A.Patrick, Reader,

Dept. of Commerce & Business Management, Osmania

University, Hyderabad.

Sessions (#)/Credit 3.0 (30 Sessions @ 1.15 Hrs.)

Course Objective and Course Course Objectives:

1. To enable them to learn different methods of accounting.
2. To impart knowledge and skills to the students on the
systems of book keeping
3. To practically orient the students to the Journal Rules of
Debit & Credit; Compound Journal Entry; Opening entry;
Ledger; Posting relationship between journal and ledger
4. To help Students should be able to prepare bank
reconciliation statement
5. To introduce basics of Cost Accounting

Course Outline:

Unit-I: Meaning & Scope of AccountingNo of Sessions: 8

Meaning, Definition and Scope of Financial Accounting;

Accounting concepts and conventions, their implications on
accounting system Double Entry Accounting System
Accounting Process Types of Accounts Primary and
Secondary Record Preparation of Journal, Ledger Posting
Balancing and Preparation of Trial Balance (Including
Numerical Problems) Errors Disclosed and Not disclosed by
Trial Balance Suspense Account - Accounting Equation
Static and Dynamic view - Accounting standards their
rationale and growing importance in global accounting
environment, International Financial Reporting Standards

Unit-II: Bank Reconciliation Statement: No of Sessions 4

Cash Book Types Single column, Double Column, Triple

Column, and Petty Cash Book. Advantages of keeping bank
account; Causes of difference; Meaning and objective of
bank reconciliation statement; Importance of bank
reconciliation statement; Technique of preparing bank
reconciliation statement; Where cash book balance has to be
adjusted; Where abstracts from the cash book and the pass

book are given

Unit III No of Sessions 8

Financial Statement analysis Ratio analysis Rationale and

utility of ratio analysis classification of ratios -calculation
and interpretation of ratios-liquidity ratios-activity / turn over
ratios Profitability ratios leverage and structural ratios
(Including Numerical Problems)-Diagnostic and Predictive
Power of ratio; common size statement analysis.

Unit IV No of Sessions 8

Funds Flow & Cash Flow Statement Advantages and Utility

of Cash flow statement Preparation of Cash flow statement
(Including Numerical problems) - Tax planning Tax
Avoidance Tax evasionBalance score card, methodology of
BSC and its importance.

UNIT- V: 2 sessions


Non- Profit Organization Meaning Features Receipts
and Payments Account Income and Expenditure Account
Balance Sheet(Including problems)

Unit-VI : 6 sessions

Cost concepts Fixed and Variable cost Classification of

Costs preparation of cost sheet.- CVP analysis Break-even
Point - concept of contribution and PV Ratio(Including
Numerical problems) - Managerial uses of Break-even
concept product mix, make or buy decision, capacity
utilization, plant shut down decision. Cost Accounting

List (and attach) SUGGESTED READINGS:

Reading Material - Notes 1) Sharma RK & Shashi K. Gupta: Management Accounting-

Principles & Practice, Kalyani Publishers;
Text Book(s) Chapters 2) Jawaharlal: Accounting Theory & Practice, Himalya;
3) Gupta S.P. : Management Accounting, SahityaBhavan;
Articles 4) Jain S.P &Narang K.L: Accounting Theory &
Cases Management Accounting, Kalyani;
5) Robert S. Kaplan & Anthony A. Atkinson: Advanced

PPTs Management Accounting, Prentice-Hall;
6) Rawat D.S: Accounting Standards, Taxmann;
Videos 7) Rustagi R.P: Management Accounting, Galgotia;
8) Ghosh T.P: Accounting Standards and Corporate
Accounting Practices, Taxmann;Ronald W. Hilton:
ManagerialAccounting, TMH;
9) BelverdE.Needles, Jr: Financial Accounting, Houghton
Mifflin Company, USA.
Cost Accouting:

1.Cost Accounting: Jain and Narang, Kalyani

2. Cost Accounting: M.N. Arora, Himalaya

3. Cost and Management Accounting: PrashantaAthma,


4. Cost Accounting: Jawaharlal, Tata Mcgraw Hill

5. Cost Accounting: Theory and Practice: Banerjee, PHI

6. Introduction to Cost Accounting: Tulsian, S.Chand

7. Cost Accounting: Horn green, Pearson

8. Cost Accounting: Ravi M. Kishore, Tax Mann Publications.


1) Journals: Chartered Accountant, ICAI; Management

Accountant,ICAI; HBR
2) New Papers:
Business Line; Economic Times.; Business Standard; Mint

Course code and Course RDM 506:Research Methods-Quantitative

and Qualitative
Course Teacher(s) Dr Sonal Mobar Roy and Dr Lakhan Singh

Sessions (#) 4.5 Credits/45 sessions

Course Objective and Course -To enable the students to understand and apply quantitative
Outline and qualitative techniques in designing and implementing the
rural development projects.

-Students should be able to know various methods and

approaches of collecting both quantitative and qualitative

-After collecting the data, they should be able to apply both

or either quantitative and qualitative tools to analyse the
collected data.

An overview of Data, types of data, qualitative and

quantitative approaches, quantitative and qualitative
data, introduction to tools and techniques, census data
collection formats, consent, key informant,
importance of fieldwork, method vs methodology
Basic Analysis Tools and Techniques-Observation,
Interviews, Questionnaires, Schedules, Case Study
Timelines, Base line data, End line data
Market Research and PRA
Opinion seeking, FGDs
Meaning of Research design, Need for Research
design, Features of good research design
Sampling, sampling designs, sampling error, sample
size, types of sampling, surveys, reliability and
Data collection, Coding, tabulation and Presentation
Primary and Secondary databases, Population
samples, Data sources, NSSO, SECC etc
Scales: types, measurements, scale classification
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of dispersion range and quartile deviation
Measures of dispersion-Variance and standard
deviation and Normal distribution
Hypothesis, testing of hypothesis
Cross-Tabulation, Regression analysis
T-test, Factor analysis Interpretation and report
writing: meaning of interpretation, techniques,
precautions, bias
Report writing, types, steps, layouts, precautions

Project proposal: Developing a proposal, design,
structure Assignment based
Basics in SPSS

Pedagogy -Lecturing and explaining through PPTs

- Instilling interest through exercises and case studies

- Use of audio visual tool

-Individual and group assignments,

- Group discussion

List (and attach) Readings:

Reading Material - Power Point Presentations (each session)

Notes Xerox reading materials (hard copies)
Methods in Social Research by W J Goode and P K
Text Book(s) Hatt
Chapters Blalock H.M (1968) Methodology in Social Science
Black James and Champion Dean J (1976) Methods
Cases and Issuesin Social Science Research
Robert Chambers Putting the Last first Orient Long
PPTs Man1990-92
Norman K. Denzin Research Methods