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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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RENR9906-02
November 2014

324D Excavator
Hydraulic System
LAB1-UP
EJC1-UP
T2D1-UP
TRH1-UP
BTK1-UP
SYM1-UP

2014 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.


COMPONENT LOCATION

Part Machine Schematic


Description
Number Location Location
Accumulator Gp 164-6981 1 A-5
Block 187-6716 2 D-8
Cylinder Gp - Boom 255-1873 3 F-2
Cylinder Gp - Bucket 242-6855 4 F-8
Cylinder Gp - Stick 242-6852 5 F-7
Filter Gp - Case Drain 289-8194 6 A-5
Filter Gp - Pilot Hydraulic 158-8987 7 A-4
Filter Gp - Return Oil 188-4140 8 A-6
Manifold Gp - Control 215-5037 9 A-6
Motor Gp - Swing 177-2459 10 F-6 ,F-5
Motor Gp - Travel Left 215-9952 11 F-4
Motor Gp - Travel Right 215-9952 12 F-3
Pump GP - Main Hydraulic 272-6957 13 B-3
Sensor As - Left Pump Pressure 221-8859 14 B-3
Sensor As - Right Pump Pressure 221-8859 15 A-3
Switch As - LH Travel Pressure 167-3466 16 D-8
Switch As - Pilot Pressure 167-3466 17 B-8
Switch As - RH Travel Pressure 167-3466 18 D-7
Swivel Gp 234-4440 19 E-3
Tank Gp - Hydraulic Oil 227-0566 20 A-5
Valve Gp - Cooler Bypass 173-4672 21 A-8
Valve Gp - Heavy Lift Solenoid 121-6303 22 A-5
Valve Gp - LH Joystick 297-0533 23 C-8
Valve Gp - Load Control Boom
255-5683 24 D-2
Cylinder
Valve Gp - Load Control Stick Cylinder 255-5680 25 D-6
Valve Gp - Main Control 285-1349 26 C-2
Valve Gp - Pilot Travel 310-0414 27 E-8
Valve Gp - Press Reducing
310-0210 28 B-5
Boom/Swing
Valve Gp - RH Joystick 297-0532 29 C-7
Valve Gp - Shuttle 185-0462 30 B-8
Valve Gp - Shuttle 123-2430 34 B-5
Valve Gp - Swing Cushion 158-9085 31 E-5, E-6
Valve Gp - Travel LT Counterbalance 204-2819 32 E-3
Valve Gp - Travel RT Counterbalance 204-2819 33 E-4
TAP LOCATION

Tap Schematic
Description
Number Location
EE Left Pump Delivery Pressure B-3
FF Right Pump Delivery Pressure A-3
GG Pilot Pump Delivery Pressure A-5
HH Left Pump Power Shift Pressure B-2
JJ Case Drain Pressure B-2
KK Right Pump Power Shift Pressure A-2
SOS Hydraulic Oil Sampling Port A-4
FLUID POWER SYMBOLS
BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

MAIN AUX.
PUMP: VARIABLE and
PUMP or MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER SPRING CONTROL VALVES RESTRICTION LINE RESTRICTION 2-SECTION PUMP PRESSURE COMPENSATED
(FIXED)

VARIABILITY SPRING LINE RESTRICTION PRESSURE HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC LINE RESTRICTION ATTACHMENT
(ADJUSTABLE) (VARIABLE) COMPENSATION ENERGY TRIANGLES VARIABLE and PRESSURE
COMPENSATED

VALVE ENVELOPES
VALVES
VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION TWO POSITION THREE POSITION TWO-WAY THREE-WAY FOUR-WAY

CONTROL VALVES CHECK VALVES


AB AB

P T P T
BASIC SPRING SHUTTLE PILOT
NORMAL POSITION SHIFTED POSITION INFINITE POSITION
SYMBOL LOADED CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED PRESSURIZED RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT ROTATING SHAFTS

PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLOW UNIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID SOLENOID SOLENOID SOLENOID and SERVO THERMAL DETENT


or MANUAL and PILOT PILOT or MANUAL

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER MANUAL SHUTOFF GENERAL MANUAL PUSH BUTTON PEDAL SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS


REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN INTERNAL RETURN SIMPLIFIED COMPLETE INTERNAL


SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS CROSSING AND JOINING LINES HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED GAS CHARGED LINES CROSSING LINES JOINING SINGLE ACTING DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS HYDRAULIC MOTORS INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT INFINITE THREE TWO


DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED POSITIONING POSITION POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL UNIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE PARALLEL CROSS FLOW ALLOWED IN


BIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL DIRECTION FLOW FLOW EITHER DIRECTION
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS
Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G M
Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Motor
(Fluid) (Gas / Air)

Pressure Switch Pressure Switch Temperature Switch Electrical Wire


(Adjustable)

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example Hydraulic Schematic Example

Current Standard Current Standard


Harness identification code
This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire
Circuit Number Wire Color
Identification

325-AG135 PK-14
325-PK
Circuit Identification Wire Color Wire Gauge
Number

Previous Standard
Wire Color
Wire

325-PK-14
B A
Circuit Number Wire Gauge
Identification (EXAMPLE VALVE)
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT) TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)
(4) CYLINDER GP (5) CYLINDER GP
BUCKET STICK SWING MOTOR
242-6855 242-6852 (10) MOTOR GP
PG SWING SWING MOTOR (WITHOUT FINE SWING)
177-2459

F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
(10) MOTOR GP
DR PG SWING
177-2459 (12) MOTOR GP
R.C.V-C TRAVEL (RIGHT)
DR (11) MOTOR GP
F MU TRAVEL (LEFT) 215-9952 F
215-9952 (3) CYLINDER GP
MU BOOM
Pp3 Pp3 255-1873
BG AG
AR3 BR3 AL3 BL3
T1 T1
DR AG
BG
B1 A1
T2 T2
B1 DR A1

(31) VALVE GP
SWING CUSHION (31) VALVE GP BG AG AR4 BR4
322-8716 SWING CUSHION AG BG
158-9085

E8 E7 E6 E5 E4 E3 E2 E1
A B B A
(32) VALVE GP (33) VALVE GP
TRAVEL LEFT TRAVEL RIGHT
E B A B A COUNTERBALANCE COUNTERBALANCE E
204-2819 204-2819
BL2 AL2
(27) VALVE GP BL1 AL1 BR1 AR1
PILOT TRAVEL TP
310-0414
TT (19) SWIVEL GP
234-4440
TRAVEL(L) TRAVEL(R)

BACK FWD FWD BACK


T1 T5 T2 T4 T6 T3

D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
(24) VALVE GP
(25) VALVE GP LOAD CONTROL
aL1 bL1 bR1 aR1 LOAD CONTROL BOOM CYLINDER
BL3 AL3
(18) SWITCH AS
STICK CYLINDER BR4 255-5683
D 255-5680 D
RH TRAVEL SP3 SPi SP2 BP3 BPi
(16) SWITCH AS
PRESS
LH TRAVEL SDr BDr BP2
167-3466 aL2 aL1
PRESS AR4
167-3466
R.C.V-B
AL2 AL1 AR1 aR3 aR4
R.C.V-A
BL2 BL1 aR1 BR1 BR3 AR3
(2) BLOCK Di4 BR2 AR2 aR5 R3
T AL4 aL4 SP1 ST aL3 Pi4 aR2 Pi1 BP1 BT
187-6716 R1 BR5 AR5 (26) VALVE GP
(UP) BL3 R2 (IN) (L) (BACK) (BACK) (CLOSE) (DOWN) BR4 (IN)
MAIN CONTROL
285-1349
(23) VALVE GP (29) VALVE GP
LH JOYSTICK JLP RH JOYSTICK
JRP
297-0533 297-0532
JLT JRT
STICK SWING BUCKET BOOM

C
OUT
JL1
C8
IN
JL3
R
JL2 JL4
L OPEN
JR4
CLOSE
JR2
C7
DOWN
JR3
UP
JR1
C6 C5 C4 C3 C2 C1 C
BOOM(2)

TRAVEL(R)
SWING

STICK(2)
TRAVEL(L)

BOOM(1)
BUCKET
STICK(1)

ATCH
(OUT) (R) (FWD) (OPEN) (UP) (OUT)
(30) VALVE GP A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 Di2 Pi3 Di3 Pi5
Pi2 DST bR2 Di1 bR5
SHUTTLE
185-0462 bR1
HL bL4 bL3 bL2 bL1 bR3 bR4 HR
PL PR

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8
(14) SENSOR AS (13) PUMP GP HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS

B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1
(34) VALVE GP SHUTTLE

B8
LEFT PUMP
EE MAIN HYDRAULIC
123-2430 PILOT PUMP OUTPUT
PRESSURE 272-6957 MAIN PUMP OUTPUT
221-8859 M2 HEAVY LIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
aR3 aR4 bR3 bR4 bL3 bL2 bL4 aL2 SUPPLY LINE
G2
B HL
RIGHT TRAVEL MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
STICK CONTROL AND STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT B
(17) SWITCH AS B1 A1 B2 A2 LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
P2 Pi1 P-IN PSA2 DR1 PSA1
PILOT PRESS ATTACHMENT CONTROL CIRCUIT

167-3466 Pn2 SWING MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT


DRAIN / RETURN LINE
T-OUT2 DR2 PL Ps2 SWING BREAK CONTROL CIRCUIT
HH LEFT MAIN PUMP OUTPUT
(TRAVEL)

R.C.V-C
(SWING)

TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT


A2 BUCKET CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
T PsM2 BOOM CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
NO.1

NO.2

(LOCK)

R.C.V-B G4
NO.3

P1 P2 (28) VALVE GP LINE PATTERNS


PRESSURE REDUCING S3 JJ
Dr2 Pressure Line
G BOOM
310-0210 Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure
S1 Dr1
R.C.V-A P1 A Drain / Return Lines
D E F
PAC DrM Component Group
(21) VALVE GP G3 CALLOUTS
COOLER BYPASS DR3 Pi2
173-4672 DR4 DR5 T-OUT1 DR6 (1) ACC GP T P PsM1
YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)
164-6981

A8 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1
Callout Number Component
(7) FILTER GP Ps1 (Machine Location from (52) VALVE GP - CONTROL Name

(9) MANIFOLD GP (22) VALVE GP PILOT HYDRAULIC


Component LocationsTable)
138-1234
A1 Part Number

CONTROL (6) FILTER GP HEAVY LIFT SOLENOID 158-8987 KK


215-5037 121-6303
A CASE DRAIN PR A
289-8194 OUT IN Pn1

Pi HR
(15) SENSOR AS
R.C.V : RETURN CHECK VALVE
RIGHT PUMP
(8) FILTER GP T G1
SOS PRESSURE THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 324D MHPU EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
188-4140 221-8859 A3 M1
GG PG PC Pm MEDIA NUMBER: RENR9906-02
(20) TANK GP
HYDRAULIC OIL
FF SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 259-7521, CHANGE: 01, VERSION: HE
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter
266-6561 in neutral and with parking brake set.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.
Refer to the Parts Manual using a specific serial number prefix in SIS before ordering parts from this schematic.

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
CAB BOTTOM VIEW
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

29
23

18
30 2 16
27 17
MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

32
3
11
12 33
MAIN CONTROL VALVE
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

26

21

28 1 9 34
19 31 10 24 22 25 21
MAIN HYDRAULIC PUMP AND TANK
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

JJ 6 8
EE

KK

FF

14 13 15 HH SOS 7 GG 20