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SRR ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PADUR.

SUBJECT NAME : LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND ITS APPLICATIONS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 22054 II YEAR EEE / IV SEMESTER
UNIT I
1. With neat diagram explain the steps involved in the fabrication of the circuit
using IC technology. (16)
2. Explain in detail about how monolithic transistor can be fabricated (16)
3. Write notes on (i) Epitaxial growth (8)
(ii) Masking & Etching Process(8)
4. Explain how a monolithic capacitor can be fabricated. (8)
5. Explain how a monolithic diode can be fabricated (8)
6. Write notes on (i) Ion Implantation (8) (ii) Metallization (8)
7. Explain epitaxial growth preparation in IC fabrication.(8)
8. What is meant by photo lithography and explain the process with suitable diagrams.(8)
9. What is meant by diffusion and explain the different techniques of diffusion.
10. Explain about the isolation techniques of IC fabrication.
11. Explain the fabrication of PN junction diode with neat diagram.
12. Explain the fabrication of FET with neat diagram.
13. Write a short notes on Metallization process.
14. Explain the fabrication of resistor and inductor with neat diagram.
15. What are the different packages of IC and explain in detail.

UNIT II
1. Explain in detail of a basic differential amplifier. (16)
2. Draw and explain the block schematic of an op-amp and explain each block.
3. Draw the circuit diagram of op-amp differentiator, integrator and derive an
expression for the output in terms of the input. (16)
4. Explain the AC characteristics of operational amplifier. (16)
5. Derive the gain of inverting and non-inverting amplifier. (16)
6. Explain IC 741 Operational Amplifier. (16)
7. Explain and derive the condition for DC-characteristics of an operational
amplifier. (16)
8. Derive the slew rate of equation of an op-amp.
9. Draw the circuit diagram of op-amp Summing amplifier and derive an
expression for the output voltage in terms of the input voltage. (16)
10. Draw the circuit diagram of op-amp Difference amplifier / Subtractor and derive an
expression for the output voltage in terms of the input voltage. (16)
11. Explain the significance of virtual ground and explain it.
12. What is a voltage transfer curve of an op-amp and explain why open loop configuration are
not used in linear applications.
13. Explain the problem of stability in op-amp and pole zero method of compensation.
14. Draw the circuit diagram of op-amp as Voltage series feedback amplifier and derive an
expressions. (16)
15. What are the methods of improving the slew rate and explain briefly.
16. Define input bias current and and state its effect on op-amp performance. Explain how input
bias current compensation is obtained?
17. Explain the concept of frequency compensation and discuss any one external compensation.
18. Design an op-amp circuit to give an output V0= V1-2V2+2V3-3V4.
19. Discuss the cause of output off set voltage in op-amp.
20. Why integrator is preferred over differentiator in analog computers?
UNIT III
1. Explain the working of an instrumentation amplifier with a circuit. Give its
characteristics and applications(16)
2. Explain the working of any one of sinusoidal oscillators. (16)
3. Explain the operation of Comparator using op-amp.
4. Explain the working of Schmitt trigger. (16)
5. Explain the R-2R ladder type DAC. (16)
6. Explain how a comparator can be used as a zero crossing detector. (16)
7. Explain the successive approximation type ADC.(16)
8. Draw the circuit of a first order and second order butter worth active low pass
filter and derive its transfer functions. (16)
9. Explain the operation of dual slope ADC.
10. Compare the performances of other types of ADC.
11. Design a narrow band pass filter with f=2 KHz, Q=30, Af =20. Assume C1 = C2 = C.
12. Explain the working of monostable multivibrator and obtain the expression for pulse width T.
13. With neat circuit diagram explain about V to I converter and give its applications.
14. With neat circuit diagram explain about Sample and Hold circuit and give its applications.
15. With neat diagram explain about Flash type A/D converter.
16. List out the important specifications of A/D and D/a converter.
17. Explain the logarithmic amplifier using two op-amps.
18. Explain the application of op-amp as Peak detector.
19. Design the second order active Butterworth High pass filter for cut off frequency of 5KHz.
20. Design the first order active Butterworth High pass filter.

UNIT IV
1. Explain the functional block diagram of 555timer. (16)
2. Explain the basic timing circuit of IC 555timer. (16)
3. Design a 555 based square wave generator to produce a symmetrical squarev wave of 2KHz.
If Vcc = 12V, draw the voltage curve across capacitor and output wave form.
4. Design a monostable multivibrator using 555timer to generate 2KHz and 75%duty cycle
output signal.
5. Explain working of PLL using appropriate block diagram and explain any one
application of the same. (16)
6. Draw the block diagram of an Astable multivibrator using 555timer and derive an
expression for its frequency of oscillation. (16)
7. Draw the block diagram of monostable multivibrator using 555timer and derive
an expression for its frequency of oscillation. (16)
8. Explain working of VCO Ic 566 using appropriate block diagram.(16)
9. write short notes on
i) capture range
ii) Lock in range
iii) Pull in time (16)
2. Draw the symbol of analog multiplier IC and derive the expression for Vo. List the
applications and explain any two.
3. Discuss the application of PLL as frequency synthesizer.
4. List the important features of IC 555.
5. Design a monostable multivibrator using 555timer to generate 200ms output signal.
6. Discuss the application of PLL as frequency translator and FM demodulator.
7. Design a Astable multivibrator using 555timer to generate 1KHz and 40% duty cycle output
signal.

UNIT V
1. Explain i) Isolation amplifier. (8) ii) Voltage regulator (8)
2. Draw and explain the functional block diagram of a 723 regulator. (16)
3. Draw the block diagram of the function generator in ICL 8038 (or) any other
equivalent and explain its operation. (16)
4. Write an explanatory note on opto-couplers. (16)
5. Explain in detail about the LM 380 power amplifier. (16)
6. Write a short notes of Protective circuits in regulators.
7. What are the advantages of switching regulators.
8. Write a short notes on linear voltage regulator.
9. Write a short notes on Isolation amplifier.
10. Draw and explain the circuit diagram of any one negative voltage regulator. (16)
11. State the difference between Linear mode and switched mode power supply. Explain the
functional block diagram of a switching regulator.
12. Draw and explain three pin voltage regulator. (16)