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Q

water to be 1000 kg/m3. 2


c03ElementaryFluidDynamicsTheBernoulliEquation.qxd 2/22/12 3:54 PM FIGURA P5-42E
Page 147 Figure
0.1 m P3
0.1 mm
s the conversion of flow,Flujo kinetic,
r without involving any pumps, Figure P3
3.52
Compilado Problemas de la 5-43 Ec. DUn
e Bpiezmetro
ernoulli yyun tubo de Pitot se fijan
Conservacin a tomas
de M asa: en un W
th large frictional losses, and thus 34 m tubo horizontal de agua de 3 cm de dimetro y se mide que las Fig. P3.52. Fo
2/27/12 7:39The
PM water
Page height
144
Cengel alturas
Munson de las columnas
White de Fagua
ox. son de 20 cm, en el piezme- determine the
oulli equation. Figure P3.48
1 Ing. tro,
Wyaldo
de 35Lizcano
cm, en elGtubo
. de Pitot (las dos medidas desde la pipe,
3.52 D. W
umptions. The velocity inside the 2 Fig. P3.52. Fo
1 superficie superior del tubo de agua). Determine la velocidad en
Problems 147
take the burst section of the pipe
A) Altura de Chorros el centro de este tubo.
3.49 Water (assumed frictionless and incompressible) flows
determine the
Figure P3.48 pipe, D.
top of the water trajectorynegligible,
V2 = 0, determine the diameter, D(z), in terms of D5-44 steadily from a large tank andstop.
exits
If through ayvertical, constant di-
Then the Bernoulli equation
FIGURA P5-38C 1 if theEl dimetro
pres- willde un
collapse tanque
and cilndrico
siphon will de agua es DTeffects
viscous su are negligible, de-
ameter pipe as shown in Fig.yP3.49. The laairatms-
in the the tank is stopping.
pressur-
Water
sure is to remain constant throughout PipeThat is,
1the pipe. altura p(z) es
! H. termineest
p1. El tanque the lleno minimum
2 con value
agua, of allowed
habierto a without siphon
Conocimiento General
ized to 50 kN/m . Determine (a) the height h, to which the water
fera. En el fondo3.49 Water
se abre (assumed
un orificio frictionless
de dimetro Do conanduna incompressible)
en- flows
rises, (b)from
steadily the water
a largevelocity
tank and in the
exitspipe, and (c)
through the pressure
a vertical, in the
constant di-
5-39 En climas fros, los tubos de agua pueden congelarseChapter y trada5 deMass,
bordesBernoulli,
redondeados
horizontal and
part(sin Energy
prdidas). Equations
Desarrolle una rela- Q
P ameter pipe as of the
shown pipe.
in Fig. P3.49. The air in the tank is pressur-
sThe P Bernoulli
1 Patm Equation
reventarse si no se P
toman 1 P
las
atm precauciones 219apropiadas.
1, gage En uno cin para el tiempo necesario
2 50 para que el tanque a) se vace
m kN/m . Determine (a) the height h, to which the water a la 0.1 m
= esos+ sucesos,z2 = zde2 un = z2 el ized to 2

on gThedegage g pressurelainparte theexpuesta


g
water mains tuboa que
CAPTULO
of 5g est
city at asobre particular mitad location se given.
y b) is vace totalmente.
rises, It isthetowater
(b) be determined
velocity in theifpipe, this and (c) the pressure in the
econd
el floor
techo 3.35 Several holes are punched into a tin can as shown in Fig. horizontal part of the pipe. Q
an serve water to neighborhoods that are at a given elevation relative to this location.
suelo se rompe y el agua se dispara hacia arriba hasta 34 m. Es- Figure
0.1 m P3
nguera va P3.35.
time Which of
la presin the figures represents
manomtrica del agua enthe el variation
tubo. Enuncie of the suswater ve- 4m
ptions Water
manguera is incompressible
locity
hiptesis asyitexplique
leaves the si Dla and
holes?
presin thus itsyour
Justify
real density
es choice.
mayor is constant.
o menor que el h
(z )
1 kPa
ba. Cul 3 valor que2 predijo. z
1 kN Figure P3
3.53 A
= 334 kPa
Pipe
2 to be = 1000
3
00 Qu
ties
ua? kg/m We )(9.81 takem/sthe)(density
34 m ) of water 2 kg/m . exit diameter pipe.
5-40 Se usa una sondaDde 1 kN/m
Pitot1000 kg m/s
y de presin esttica (tubo de Figure P3.60
1 carrying 0.12
is Noting thatpara
Prandtl) themedir
gage lapressure
velocidadatde a dept
un avinof hque in avuela
fluida is given by Pgage = water gh Pipe
3 000 , the height of a fluid 50 kN/m2 3.53 A
sifn por
ust be at leastm.334 Si lakPa above
lectura de lathe atmospheric
presin diferencial
(1) pressure.
es de 3 kPa, determine 3.61 Water exit is siphoned
h from the tank shown in Fig. P3.61. Deter- 3.54 diameter pipe
C
noncorresponding
grave- to a
su velocidad. gage pressure of 400 kPa is determined to be mine the flowrate from the eter with negli
Airtank and the pressure at points (1), (2), carrying 0.12
ms alto? Q
4and
m (3) if viscous effects are negligible. 50 kN/m2 sure and veloc
y the Bernoulli
Pgage5-41 equation Mientras 400represents
circula
,000 N/mpor 2un a limit,
camino 1since
en mal
kg frictional
m/s 2
estado, ellosses
fondo are neglected, and the
3.54pressure anC
ells hus= that the = automvil
water
de un pressure Figure
choca(gage)contraP3.56
cannot possibly
una roca filosa ybeesto less
= 40 .
than
causa 8 m un334 kPa (giving WaterusMain, a 400 kPa h
higher
eter elevatio
with negl
Alguien g 3 2 1Si
N Air
pressure wateragujero
sobre un will be much ((1000
a)pequeo kg/m
higher. en el)(tanque
9.(81b) m/s )
de gasolina. de la ga-
(c)la altura 4m Water 2m sure and
*3.55 velof
Water
Figure P3.35
solina que est en3.57el tanque es de 30 cm, determine la velocidad
The circular stream of water from a faucet is observed 2-in.-diameter 2 ft theshown
as pressure a
in Fi
is less than inicial50de m. Therefore,
to taper
la gasolina en from this main
a diameter
el agujero. cannot
of 20
Explique mm
cmo
BMAns.qxd to 102serve in water
mm2/15/12
cambiar aladistance to9:01 PM Pagehose
of 50 cm. ANS-2 higher elevati
ifn, so- thatvelocidad
orhoods are 50 mcon above Tanques Presurizados
elDetermine
tiempo the flowrate.
y cmo
this location. se afectara el flujo si el tapn Water
(3)
2m
a function of d
m and 0Water
!Q
Figure P3.49 3 ft *3.55
sube a la del tanque estWater
3.36 cerrado con fuerza. Respuesta:from 2.43 m/s
3.58 flows GO from Watera ispressurized
siphoned tank, the through
tank shown a 6-in.-in Fig. P3.58. 8 ft
sional
as shownassump
in F
sion
Pa)
1 PM Notediameter
e in-Page that h must
ANS-2 pipe, be
The much
exits from
water greater
a than
2-in.-diameter
barometer 50 manozzle,
indicates for water
reading and
of to have
rises
30.2 ft. 20 enough
ft
Determine pressure
the to serve the water needs of the
a conditions
function of
es de te- 5-42I El agua para beber que se necesita en una oficina
ghborhood. above the nozzle se maximumas shown in Fig.
value of hP3.36.
deallowed Determine
without the pressure
cavitation in
uno occurring. Note Figure P3.49 m and 0 ! Q
in the closed end of the barometer
surte en garrafones agua. Se introduce 3.50 Water (assumed inviscid and incompressible) flows
that the pressurefrictionless,
of the vaporand sional assump
dethe
lostank if the flow
extremos de una is manguera
steady, de plstico de incompressible.
0.25 in de di- steadily with a speed of 10 ft/s(2)from the(1) large
3 tank shown in Fig.
ite como metro en el5-17
equals the vapor pressure.
garrafn que se coloca sobre un pedestal alto, en Miselnea
P3.50. Determine the depth, H, of the layer of light liquid the conditions
tra en la 1specific
3.50 weight 50 lb # ft3
2 that covers the water in the tank.
006 The McGraw-Hill tanto que el Companies,
otro extremo, Inc. ClosedLimited
con una vlvuladistribution
para abrir y permitted cerrar,
ANS-2 onlyAnswers
to Figure
to Selected
Water (assumed
P3.61
" inviscid and incompressible) flows
with Even-Numbered Homework
the large Problems
se ve en end
aration. If youse mantiene
are a 2 ft abajo
student using delthis fondo del garrafn.
Manual, you are Si using
el nivel it del
without permission. steadily a speed of 10 ft/s from tank shown in Fig. 20 mm
o. Cul agua en el garrafn est a 1.5 ft cuando est lleno, determine P3.50. Determine
3
the depth, H, of the layer of light liquid
3.62 50 Redolb/ft Problem 3.61 if
weight " 50 lb #ft3 2 athat 1-in-diameter nozzleinisthe
cunto tiempo mnimo 20 ft se necesitar para llenar un vaso de 2.64
8 oz 0.304 ft 1specific
end of the tube.
10 ft/scovers the water 3.28 placed
46.5atm!s
tank. the
en kept attoa Selected
Answers Even-Numbered
3 Homework 3-in.
Problems 2 1!2
(! 0.00835 ft ) a) cuando el garrafn
minants can cuando est casi vaco. diameter acaba de abrirse2.66 y b) ! ! [d " 11.31 # 1d " 18.61d " 1282 ]!2 3.32 20.9 ft!s 20 mm
3.63 50Hlb/ft3A smooth plastic, 10-m-long garden hose with an in- d
ough cracks
30.2 ft
2.68 36,000 lb side diameter of 20 mm is used 10to
3.34 45.7 ft
drain a wading pool as is shown 2
ft/s
2 in.
of water be- Air 3.28 46.5 m!s 2.70 p ! 0.416 u in Fig. P3.63. If viscous effects are neglected, what 3.36is the1248 lb!ft
flowrate
2 1!26 ft
" 11.31 # 1d " 18.61d " 1282 ]!2
air enter the 3.32 20.9 ft!s 2.74 2.90 lb from theHpool? 5 ft 3.40 20.8 lb!s d
2 ft
ligible.
lb 3.34 45.7 ft2.76 12.19 ft Water 4 ft 3.42 0.0119 ft !s 3 Figure P3
Chapter 5 Mass, Bernoulli, and Energy Equations
2 0.2 m
16 u can
P3.33 3.36 12482/15/12
BMAns.qxd lb!ft
2.78 9:017200PMlb Page ANS-2 3.44 15.4 m
5 ft 2 fl
on h 3.40 tank
timate theThe water height in an airtight pressurized 20.8islb!s
2.80
given. 665 lb pointing straight
A hose Water up is 4
connected to the 3.46 0.223 ft; 9.22 3.56 lb!ft
Water
Figure P3
6 in. ft
to Figure P3.50 stant flowrate
of accom-
the tank. The maximum height to which the 1.53.42
ft
water 0.01192.82
stream ft3!s rise
could 107 iskPa
to be determined. 3.48 2.45 & 10 kN!m ; 5
0.23 m
5 3
ons. Figure P3.36 Agua
2.84 7.11 m; No 3.50 3.19 ft
3.44 15.4 m
ptions 1 The flow is steady, incompressible, and irrotational with 2 2
5-in.-diameter
3.56 Water f
3.46 0.223 2.86
ft; 9.22 Flb!ft 3
B ! $%R !4 Figure P3.50 3.52 0.0156 m3!s forflowrate
stant any D
ble frictional effects (so that the Bernoulli equation is applicable). 2 The3
nafluye
between
3.37 An inviscid, incompressible liquid
3.48 2.45 flows 2.88
steadily
& 10 kN!m
ANS-2
1a2
5 from 9.00 ft; 1b2
; 5.50 & 10 m !s 11,200 Figure #6 lb; 3 P3.63 1c2 0 lb 3.54 6.59 ft; B above A
en thethe water largeand pressurized airisFigure negligible.
tank shown P3.58 in Fig. P.3.37. The velocity
3.50 33.19 ft 2.90
Answers to Selected Even-Numbered
at the33,900
exit lb 2 atm
1
Homework Problems
3.56 D ! D ![1 # 1p 2
gD1
No 1
urio,
ties del We is
take 40 ft
the / s. Determine
density of thewater specific to be gravity 1000 2 of
ft the
kg/m liquid
. in the tank. 3.64 3.58
%R !4 3
3.59 Water is siphoned from 3.52 a tank0.0156 2.64
as shown2.92 3
min!sFig.
0.304 373
forP3.59.
ft kN
any Deter- D 2 Water exits a pipe 3.28 as a free
46.5 jet
m!s and flows to 3.13
a ft
height h
Esperara 2.662.94 ! [d314 kN;
" 11.31 # 1d kN
497 "above 18.61d the"exit 1282plane 1!2
]!2as shown3.32 inhFig. 20.9 P3.64. ft!s The3.60 flow is 2.94
steady,min-
isft; 1b2 11,200
velocidad We take lb; point 1c2 0 lb 1 at mine the the free flowrate surface andof thewater 3.54
pressure in 6.59
at
thepointft;
tank, A,Ba!andabove
stagnation
point A point. compressible, and frictionless. (a) Determine the height h. (b) De- 3
10 psi 2.68 36,000 lb 2 3.34 45.7 ft
D2.96 1680 lb 4 2 1!4 2 3.62 0.0758 ft !s; 499 lb!f
slb
eexacto?
top of the water trajectory. Also, we take the 3.56reference
D !2.70 1![1
levelp !# at 1p
0.416thegD u 1 z!8Qtermine ]20 m the velocity and pressure 3.36 at1248 section lb!ft (1).
lugar de
of the tank. At the top of the water trajectory3.58 Air
0.04-m diameter
V2 = 0, 3.13and 2.100
ftatmospheric
2.74 2.90 lb3.63 ft 3.40 20.8 lb!s 3.64 1a2 3.98 ft; 1b2 36.0 ft!
;e497pertains.
kN Noting that zLiquid 3.60 2.762.102 12.19 1a2
ft 2.11 m; 1b2 941 kN 3.42 0.0119 ft3
!s 3.66 19.63 psi
1 = 20 m, P1,gage = 2 atm, P2 =2.94 Patm,mand that the
2.78 3.44 15.4 m 3.68
elocity at the free surface ofFIGURA
5 ft
the tank P5-42E is very low 3.62(V1 0),2.80
0.0758 2.104 37200599
theft Bernoulli
665
lb lb
2
!s; lb499 lb!ft ; 488 lb!ft h; #11.7 lb!ft 2 2
3.46 0.223 ft; 9.22 lb!ft2
6.26 m
on between these two points simplifies 3 mto 3.64 1a2 3.98 2.106
2.82 ft; 107
426
1b2kPa kN,
36.0 ft!s; #510 lb!ft2.46 m below 2 surface 3.48 2.45 & 10 kN!m ; 5.50 & 10#6 m3!s 5 3.70 3 1a2 1.06 & 10#3; 1b2 3.
2.108 2.34 ft V = 16 ft/s 3.72 29.5 Pa
m; 1b2each
upon 941 kN 2 10 ft 3.66 19.63 2.84 psi 7.11 m; No3 3.50 3.19 ft
P1 V5-43 Un piezmetro P2 AV 22 y un tubo de Pitot P1 se fijan aPtomas 2.862.110
en F $%R !4 P1 Patm
unB !0.146 P1,gage 3.52 0.0156 m3!s 3.74 for any D0 1gage2; 0.146 m
1
ligible and+ tubo+horizontal z1 = + agua+de z 23 cm de dimetro 3.68
+ z1y =se 6.26 atm m
+que z 2las
1a2 9.00 ft;z 21b2=11,200 lb; 0+ lb z1 = + 6-in. z1 diameter 3.54 6.59 ft; B above
g 2 g g de 2 g g mide
g
2.882.116 392
#3 kN; 437g kN;1c2#3 Yes g 3.76 A 1a2 0.0696 m3!s; 1b2 0.
, 2.46 m below alturas surface de las columnas de agua son de 20 3.70cm, en1a2el 1.06
2.90 &33,900
piezme-
2.118 kN
10 lb; 1b2 3.02 & 10
581 lb; 0.289 psi
8 ft ; 0.118 3.56 D ! D1![1 # 1p2gD14 z!8Q2]1!4
3.78 H!H0 ! 1!11 " cx!L
tro, y de 35 cm,enFigure el tuboP3.59 de Pitot (las 3.72 dos medidas 29.52.92 Pa 373
desde la 3.58 3.13 ft
uting, 40 ft/s 2.942.120 314 7.77497&kN109 lb acting 406
kN; ft above base 3.60 2.94 m c ! 2$H2O dmax!rV02
superficie superior del tubo de agua). Determine 1gage2;
3.74 la0velocidad en
0.146 m (1)
plastic 2tube is used2.122 364.4
waterkN
3 2 2
3.60 A 50-mm-diameter 2.96 1680
to siphon lb from the 3.62 0.0758 ft !s; 499 lb!ft
3.80 0.0132 m3;!s
; 488 lb!ft #11.7 lb!ft2
; 437 kN; Yes elcentro Figure de este P3.37 tubo. 2 3.76 1a2 0.0696
pressure !s; 1b2
moutside 0.574 m
2 atm large
101 tank, 325 shown N/m in Fig.
1 kg
P3.60. m/s If the 2.100
2.124
+ 20 = 40.7 m on 3.63
the ft
3360 of psi the tube 4-in. diameter 3.64 1a2 3.98 ft; 1b2 36.0 ft!s; #510 lb!ft2
= 1!2kN 3.82 2.50 in.
0.289(1000 psikg/m 5-44 3
)(9.El 81 dimetro m/s 2 )is more de un 1than atm tanque 30 kPacilndrico greater
1 3.78 than
N de the pressure

H!H
agua es2.102
D T! y 1!11
1a2
within
0 2.126 su 2.11
the m;cx!L2
"tube,
203
1b2 941
kNthe tube
down , where Figure P3.64 3.66 19.63 psi
3.84 4
9 altura Section es H.above 3.6.2 El tanque Confined est lleno Flows con agua, (alsoy see Lab
abierto 2.104
Problems
a la 599
atms-d !rV lb 2 3.68 6.26 m
10 lb acting fera. 406
3.1LP ft eland
En fondo
3.3LP) base
se abre
un
orificio
de
dimetro
c! 2$ 2.128 3370
Do con2.106una
H2O 426 max
en- kN, 2.46lb; 0 m 882belowlb
surface
3.70
1a2
1.06
& 103.86#3
13.0
; 1b2 3.02 psi
& 10 #3
; 0.118
Nore,
gelarse they water
1 Se
trada
jet Sugiere can rise
de bordes hacer as 1 high
redondeados de esta asseccin 40.7 (sin prdidas).
m into 3.80 the sky0.0132
Desarrolle
from the
2.130
2.108
una m 3ground.
!s 485
2.34
rela- ft kN 3 3.50 Superficie libre con Velocidad. 3.72 29.5 Pa 3.88 0.607 ft3!s; 1b2 21.3 ft
.i En uno 3.74 0 1gage2; 0.146 m
2 Se Sugiere hacer 1 de esta seccin 2.110
cin 3.38para Obtain el tiempo a photograph/image necesario para que of el a situation 3.82 a)2.50
tanque that involves
in.
se vace2.132 0.146
a la a 46.8
con- lb!ft3 3.64 Recomendado
3.90 0.123 ft3!s
sobre el Themitad
sion
down result
fined yflow obtained se for vace which by
totalmente. the theBernoulli Bernoulli equation and represents
continuity 2.116
equations thekN;
392 upper
are437ft;kN; Yes and should be interpreted 3.76 1a2 0.0696 m3!s; 1b2 0.574 m
limit,
b) 3.84 4 2.118 2.134 1.22 no change 3.78 H!H0 ! 1!113.92 " cx!L20.400
1!2 ft
, where
ingly.
; 882 lb It tells important. us that thePrint waterthis cannot photopossibly and write rise a brief
3.86 more13.0paragraph
thanpsi 40.7581
2.136 mlb;
that de-0.289 psi
(giving
786,000 us
lb; an315,000
upper limit), lb and in all likelihood,
scribes the situation involved. 2.120 7.77 & 10 9
lb acting 406 ft above base c ! 2$ d 3.94 0 R ! 0.998 z1!4
!rV 2
will be much less because of frictional losses. 3
H2O max
3
%R !4 tween pipes (2) and (3).
3.52 0.0156 m !s7 for Q m any D 0.03-m diameter
Q Oil (SG
ft; 1b2 11,200 lb; 1c2 0 lb 3.54 6.592 ft; BFan above A 2 in. 0.15 in.
0.05-m diameter
Water Air = 0.9)
H(x) H0
h (ft) A [acres (1 acre ! 43,560 ft )] 2 4 Figure
2 1!4 P3.46
lb 2 in. 3.56 D ! D 1 ![1 # 1p gD 1 z!8Q ]
0 Inlet 0h
2
Q3
2 in.
3.58 3.13
0.3
Water ft
c03ElementaryFluidDynamicsTheBernoulliEquation.qxd
(1) 2/22/12 3:54 PM Page
; 497 kN
ion is formed 4 Figure
(3) Compilado
P3.74 3.60 2.94 m de la Ec. De Bernoulli
0.5 P roblemas 3.47 Natural y Conservacin
0.02-m gas (methane) flows
diameter de from
Masa:
a 3-in.-diameter gas main,
0.20 ft Figure P3.104 through2 a 1-in.-diameter 2pipe, and into the burner of a furnace at a
0.1 in. remains
ft,
6
tially was 2c03ElementaryFluidDynamicsTheBernoulliEquation.qxd
0.3 ft8
0.8 Cengel
3.62 0.0758 ft !s; 499 lb!ft ; 488rate 3 M unson 2 W hite
lb!ftof 100
; #11.7 F ox.
ft /hour.lb!ft
d 3
max
Determine
d the pressure in the gas main if the
0.9 2/22/12 3:54 PM Page 145
duce to 1 ft? 10 3.75 Air flows through 3.64 the1a2device
1.1 3.98 shown ft; 1b2 Ing.
in36.0 Waldo
Fig. P3.75.L
ft!s; Ifizcano
#510 the lb!ft
pressure Gin . 2 the 1-in. pipe is to be 6 in. of water greater than atmos-
m; 1b2 941 kNQ1 12 flowrate is large 1.5 3.66
enough, 19.63 the pressure psi within pheric pressure. Neglect viscousWater effects.
3.105 the Air,constriction
4 in.
14 1.8to draw the water up into assumed incompressible and inviscid, flows into the
B) Flujos 16 (1) will be low enough 3.68
2.4
the flowrate, Q, and the pressure needed shown
6.26 m at#3
the
outdoor
section
tube.
cookingDetermine
(1) P3.105.
grill
to draw
3.48
through

nine
Figureof
Small-diameter,
holes
P3.78
of 0.40-in. high-pressure
diameter as liquid jets can be used
in Fig. toIfcuta various
flowrate materials
40 in. 3 as shown in Fig. P3.48. If viscous effects
/s into the grill is re-
, 2.46 m below surface 18 Figure the water
0.25into
P3.43 ft 3.70(2). 1a2
2.8
section Neglect1.06compressibility
& 10 ; 1b2
quiredANS-2
3.02
and viscous
to maintain
&the 10 146
are
#3
; 0.118
negligible,
correct cooking Chapter
estimate Elementary
3 the
conditions, pressure
determine neededFluid
the to DynamicsThe
produce a 0.10-mm- Bernoulli Equation
BMAns.qxd
(2) 2/15/12 9:01 PM Page
effects.
Flujos Divididos 3.72 4 29.5 Pa
pressure within the grill near the holes.
Q2
3.74 0 1gage2; 0.146 m diameter water jet with a speed of 700 m!s. Determine the 3.51 Water flow
Figure P3.101 *3.79 Water flows from a large tank and through a pipe of variable
; 437 kN; Yes3.100 Water flows through a horizontal branching pipe as
shown in Fig. P3.100. Determine the pressure at section (3).
3.76 1a2 0.0696 m3!s; 1b2 0.574 m flowrate. area as shown in Fig. 3.79. The area of theProblems pipe is given by A 145
For the given 0.2
! flowrate as a fun
1!2
0.289 psi 3.78 H!H0 ! 1!11 " cx!L2 , whereA0[1 " x(1 " x/!)/2!], where A0 is the area at the beginning (x ! 0)
Free jet 2
109 lb acting 3.102 406 ftWater above 3.40 base
flows For the pipe
through enlargement
the branching 25 mm
pipeshownshown c! inin2$ Fig. O dmaxthe
H2P3.40,
Fig. !rVpressures
0 3.44and end (xflows
Water of the pipe.
! !) steadily Plot graphs
through the large of thetanks pressure shown within in the
Fig.
V3 pipe as a function of distance along the pipe for water depths of
N P3.102. If at
viscous sections
effects (1)
are and (2)
negligible, are 56.3
determine
3.80 and
the 58.2
pressure
0.0132 psi, mat respectively.
3
Q !s Deter- P3.44. Determine the water depth, h A.
A3 = 0.07 m2 Air h ! 1, 4, 10, and 25 m.
section (2) andmine the pressure
the weight at section
flowrate (3). (lb/s) (2) of the gasoline in the pipe.
i (1) ANS-2 3.82 2.50Answers in. to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems
down (3) 0.3 m 3.84 4 Q

;le882 lb
of diameter
50 mm 2.64
A3 = 0.035
0.304
3.86m2 13.0 psi ft 50 mm 3.28 46.5 m!s Q
2 9 holes, each
1!2
s atmospheric 3 V
z 3 2.66
= 10 Water
m
3.88 ! ! [d
0.607 " ft 11.31
3
!s; #
1b2 1d
21.3 " ft18.61d " 1282
0.40-in. diameter ]!2 3.32 20.9 ft!s 0.1 m
Q1 = 1 m /s 2 Q 0.1 mm
flow
!ft 3 is quasi-
A1 = 0.1 m2 2.05 in. p2 = 350 kPa (3) 2.68
Figure P3.75 3.90 0.123 ft
36,000 lb 3!s 3.34
0.03m45.7 diameter ft
lly. Determine (2)
A2 = 0.02 m2 Gasoline 3.71 in. hA
no graphs
change
p1 = 300 kPa
V 2.70
= 14 m/s p ! 0.416 u h 3.36 1248 lb!ft2 Figure P3.5
plot of z1 = 0 2
A2 = 0.03 3.92m2 0.400 ft !
0in.lb; 315,000 Vlb
(1)
(1) 2.74 z2 = 0 2.90 lb
Figure P3.105 3.40 20.8 lb!s Free jet
1 = 4 m/s 3.94 R ! 0.998 z1!4 A
ationary row- p1 =(1) 400 kPa 3.76 Water 2.76 flows 12.19
steadilyftfrom the large open tank shown in 3.42 0.0119 ft3!s
lb A1 = 0.1 m2
(2)
3.100 404.5 kPa (2)
3.52
me it will take Figure P3.102 Fig. 3.76. If 2.78
viscous 7200
effects lb
are negligible, determine (a) the 3.44x 15.4 m 0.05m diameter Wat
l calculations. Figure P3.100 P3.40 Q, and (b)3.102
Figure flowrate, the manometer 252 kPa;reading, 1143.106 h.kPa An air cushion vehicle is supported by forcing
3.46
hB = 2air m into 2 Fig. P3.52. For t
2.80 665 lb #3the chamber created by a skirt around the periphery of the vehicle as 0.223 ft; 9.22 lb!ft
a; 0.208 m3 3.1041079.10 m3!s; determine the flo
2.82 kPa&310 shown 57.9P3.106.
in Fig. kPa The air escapes through
3Figure P3.48 3.48 2.45 & 105 kN!m3; 5.50 & 10#6
x = 0 the 3-in. clearance
pipe, m3D. !s
at 6.22 ft to right of A
3.103 Water flows through the horizontal 2.84 3.1067.11 branching
3120 m; No ftpipe!s; 2080 between
3
ftthe!s;lower2200 endftof!s Figure
the skirt andP3.79 the ground 3.50
B(or water). As-
3.19 ft
shown in Fig. 3.41 P3.103 atGOa rate A offire
10hose
ft3/s. nozzle
If2.86 3.108
viscous has a155diameter N!m 3 2of 1
FB ! $%R !4 shape, 30 by 65 ft. The
effects are neg-
1
sume
8 in. the vehicle weighs
According
3.49
10,000 lb and is essentially rectangular in 3
Figure
volume
Water
P3.44
of (assumed
the chamber 3.52is large0.0156
frictionless and m
enough !s for any D flows
incompressible)
s2 to some fire codes,
speed atthe nozzle must be capable sec-of delivering at least 6
3.112 a largeCambios de Seccin
ligible, determine the water section (2), the pressure 0.630 at ft; 4.48 so ft
250 gal!min.
tion (3), and the flowrate at section (4). If the nozzle 2.88
is attached1a2 9.00
to a ft; 1b2
3-in.-diameter 11,200 thathose, lb; 1c2
the kinetic
what0 lbenergy of thefrom
steadily air within thetank 3.54
chamber
and exits is6.59
negligi-ft;
through B a above
vertical,Aconstant di-
2
lb!ft ; 1b2 57.4 lb pressure must be maintained 2.90 3.116
just33,900
upstream 6.10 lb&of10 #3 ble.
the nozzle
3
!sto4 deliver
m Determine m the flowrate, ameterWater
3.45
Q,
pipe needed
as to support
shown
(assumed Fig.the
ininviscid
3.56 vehicle.
P3.49.D!
and The DIfair
1![1 # 1p gD
2
in the tank flows
incompressible)
4
is 1pressur-
z!8Q 2 1!4
steadily ]
lementaryFluidDynamicsTheBernoulliEquation.qxd h 2/22/12 3:54 PM
the ground clearance were Page 145
ized reduced
to
3.80 50 kN/m to 2If. in.,
2 what effects
Determine
viscous flowrate
(a) the
are would
height
neglected h, to andwhich
the the
tank water
is large,
this flowrate? 2.9223.118
m 3731.016 kN in. be needed? in the vertical variable-area 3.58 pipe 3.13 shown ft in Fig. P3.45. Determine
Chapter If the5vehicleMass, rises, Bernoulli,
weight
(b)
determine the werewaterreduced
the andtoEnergy
velocity
flowrate 5000
fromin thethe Equations
lb pipe,
and
tank the
and
shown (c)intheFig. pressure
P3.80. in the
!g
5-62 3.42
Q
Water flowing 2.94 3.120 314 1.73
kN; m 4972
!skNground clearance outlet maintained
the flowrate
horizontal at part 3 ifin.,
the pressure
what
of the 3.60in each
flowrate
pipe. 2.94ofm
would the
be gages reads 50 kPa. Q
A2 =from
0.07 ftthe 2 0.75-in.-diameter 0.1
needed?the outlet. 2 m
d!s
Solution shown
In a power plant, water in Video V8.15 and
enters0.08 2.96 3.122
Fig. = 1680
5.0 25.4
P3.42 lb
psirises m; 2.8 6.51
in. m;
above #9.59
them nozzles of a hydraulic turbine at a specified pressure. The maximum
p 2 Mercury m 3.62 0.0758 ft3
!s; 499 lb!ft 2
; 488 lb!ft ; #11.7 lb
2
velocity water can be accelerated to Determine the 0.10 flowrate.
m
2.100
(2)
by the nozzles is to be determined. 3.63 ft 3.64 1a2 3.98 ft; 1b2 36.0 ft!s; #510 lb!ft
Figure P3.76 Chapter
2.102 1a2 2.11 4 ft2 m; 1b2 941 kN 2m
3.66 19.63 psi Figure P3.5
a A3 = 0.2 Fan Q
Assumptions 1The (1) flow of water is steady, 2.104 incompressible,
4.2 3 19y " 12y " 682 ft!s
V599 = 20 lbft
2
/s and irrotational 1!2 with negligible frictional
Vehicle 3.68 effects
Oil,
= 0.81
6.26(so mthat the
10 m p = 50SG kPa
Bernoulli equation is applicable). 23.77 Water enters Water 2.106 the anozzle
4.4
from 426
faucet x kN,
!fills with
y2.46
" aym
a 16-oz
2low
!2Skirt velocity.
below
glass (volume surface ! 28.9 2 m 3.70 1a2 1.06 & 10#3; 1b2 3.02 & 10#3 ; 0.118 A 0
3.53
Cengel A05.qxd 2 2/22/06 in. 6:29
3
) in 20 AM
s. If thePage
2.108
(3) 222
diameter 2.34 of ft
the jet leaving the faucet is 0.60 in.,
Pipe
exit 3.72 29.5 Problems
Pa 145
!s
Properties
1 = 1 ft
Q1We = 10 take
ft3/s the density
2.8 in.ofiswater to be 4.8 = 1000 x ! kg/m #2, y. ! 2 3 diameter pipe. D
what the diameter 2.110 of the
0.146 jet when it strikes the 2 water 2 surface in 3.74 0 1gage2; 0.146 m carrying 0.12 m3
kPa!m p 1 = 10 psi
the glass which is in 4.10 Everywhere;
positioned 14 in.the below thexfaucet? " y ! constant1 m 50 kN/m 2
3.40 For the points
pipe enlargement
1 and 2 atshown
(4) Fig. P3.40, pressures 3.44 Water flows steadily through
3 0.7
in. the 1a2 large = tanks mshown 3
!s; 1b2in0.574 Fig. m 3.54
the 2.116 h V1 3.76 z10.0696
392 kN; 437 kN; Yes m
Analysis
psi!ft; 0.0292 We
psi!ft take inlet4.140.75
and in. xexit
! of
#h the1u nozzle,
!v 2 ln 11respectively.
# y!h2 Noting that 0 and z2, the Carb
atsections
Figure P3.103 (1) and (2) are
3.78 56.3 and 58.2 psi, respectively.
Air flows steadily through a convergingdiverging rec-
2.118 581 lb; 0.289
0 Deter-
psi Figure
0 P3.44.
P3.106 Determine the water depth, 3.78 h . H!H 1!11 cx!L2 1!2
, where eter with2/27/1negligib
application
2 2
a V 0 [1 # 1a!x2 of the
mine ]!x
2 Bernoulli
3
the weight flowrate equation between
(lb/s) channel
tangular points
of4.18
of the gasoline 1
constantin and10, 2
the9,pipe.
width gives
as6, 4 ft!s in Fig. 3.78 and Video Air
A
c03ElementaryFluidDynamicsTheBernoulliEquation.qxd 0 ! "
9shown
2 3acting
Water
sure and velocity
2.120 the 7.77 & 310 exit lb the 406 ft above are4base m 50-mm c ! 2$H2O dmax!rV02
2 V3.10. The height of channel 2 at
" rV 02 [1a!x2 2x ;the and exit velocity
2 4
# 21a!x2 !2] Q 4.20 2c 2c y ; x ! y ! 0 the pressure and
P1 V1 P2 V222 2 H0 and V0 respectively. P12.122 Patm 64.4
The VkN
channel
2 is to be shaped so P1 the
2(that
Q Patmdis-) Q
diameter
3.80 0.0132 m3!s
a; #20.1 kPa + 3.104 + z1 = Water + flows +tance,
zfrom
2 d, a large tank =4.22
through +4xia 5into
large "tubesyj "attached
pipe V
zk2 = to staticWater
3.107 flows from Figurethe pipe P3.80
shown in Fig. P3.107 as a
higher elevation
3 g ECUACIN
lb!ft ; 0.681 lb!ft
2that
g splits3 into gtwo
DE

Conocimiento General
2 g pipes as shown
CONSERVACIN
Figure
smaller P3.42
taps along
that
the
water
DE MASA g2.124
in
channel
is drawn
P3.104.
g33602Ifgpsiup

4.24 1a2 4ft!s ; 2 ft!s ; 1b2 negative
Fig. wall is linear viscous 2
with free
distance jet2 and strikes
along
pressure
a circular
the chan- Figure flat P3.45
plate. The flow 3.82
Water
geometry 2.50 m in.
2shown *3.55 Water flo
2 5-62
effectsEn are una planta
negligible, generadora
determine
nel. That theisflowrate
d! 2.126
hidroelctrica,
(d from
/L) 203
thewhere
x, kN
tank el down
agua
and
L is the
the entra
channel 2alength 5-71I
is axisymmetrical. and d Determine
En
is una the
planta flowrate and
generadora3.84 4
the manometer
hidroelctrica, el agua fluye as shown in Fig.
!m pressure at point Q 2.1284.26
max
3370 10thelb;ft!s; 88210con lbft!sreading,
max
a function of dis
las
2.05 toberas
in. de la(1). turbina theamaximum
700 kPawater de depth
presin (atabsoluta, minimum channel
11 una H.
height:
2 desde una x ! L).
3.46 altura
9 deAir 240is ftdrawn
0.03m 3.86
hastainto
diameter 13.0
unaa turbina,
wind psi en donde
tunnel used for setesting
generaauto-m and 0 ! Q !
s Determine the height, 4.28
2.130 485 kN Gasoline
H(x), #1.65
as a function & 10
3.71 of xin. ft!s
and the ; #5.12
other impor- & 10
Figure
3.81hA Water P3.49 flows steadily downward 100 3kPa
in the pipe shown in Fig.
velocidad baja.
3.43Si las salidas de las
the toberas
Popparameters.
(with estn expuestas
same properties as water)aflows la from Water
potencia
a mobiles elctrica. Para
as with
shown inuna150
Fig. 3.88
eficiencia 0.607
(a)
P3.46. Determine ft 3!s;
total
Determine
Chapter del 1b2
the21.3 ft Fluidread-
turbogenerador
manometer
Elementary DynamicsThe
sional assumptioB
tant 3 P.3.81 negligible losses. the flowrate.
Substituting the presin atmosfrica
(1)given values, denozzle
the
4-in.-diameter100popkPa,
exit 2.132
determinethat46.8
velocity
container la lb!ftthree
isvelocidad
determined
contains mxima
to be
holes as shown de in
83 por ing,ciento,
h, when the velocity
determine 3.90
el in the0.123
gasto testVsection
mnimo ft3!snecesario
is 60 mph. paraNotege- thatthe conditions of
Fig. P3.43
a la que se puede acelerar(seeelVideo
agua3.9).
2.134
por The
mediodiameter
1.22 deft;lasnooftoberas
each fluid
change an- stream is1 100 thereA is ade1-in.Turbine
column of3.92 oilRespuesta:
on the water in the manometer. (b) De-
nerar kW electricidad. 0.400 ft370 lbm/s
tes de chocar 0.15 in.,
contra and
los the
labesdistance
de la between
2.136
turbina. holes
786,000 is 2
lb; in. If
315,000viscous
lb effects
700
kPa
3.50
termine the Water
nozzzle(assumed
difference between
Open
inviscid
the and incompressible)
stagnation pressure onflows
the front
) kPa 1000 N/m 1conditions
2 2 (2) 2 1!4
2(700 100 kg m/s are steadily with a speed 3.94
ofthe
10elpressure
ft/s R
from ! 0.998
the large z
Oil tank shown in Fig.
V1 = Figure P3.40 and quasi-steady
are negligible
2.138 54,600
lb =assumed,
34.6 determine
m/s the of
5-72E Vuelva
the a considerar
automobile andh = 2 m
0.05m
problema in the diameter
5-71I.
test Determine
section.
SG = 0.7 el
Ecuacin
1000dekg/m 3
time at which the 1 kPa
pop stops draining
1 Nfromthe top hole. Assumegasto P3.50. Determine the
the de agua si la prdida irreversible
B 3.100
depth, 404.5
H, of
de
kPa
the layer
carga del
of light
sistema
liquid
de

energa holelbwhen t ! 0. Compare your
3
1specific 2
surface is 2 in. above2.142 the top127
weight " 50 lb ft that covers
#3.102 252 kPa; 114 kPa the water in the tank.
pop tuberas entre las superficies libres de Wind
la fuente y el3sumidero es
3.104 9.10 & 10 1.5 mm !s;357.9 kPa 3 2.144 18.9 kPa; 0.208 m3
tunnel#3
20 mm
theresults with the time you measure from the video. B
Discussion 5-63C This is
Consideremaximum
el flujonozzle exit velocity,
estacionario and
y adiabtico the actual
de un flui- de 36 ft.
3.41 A fire hose nozzle has a 2.146
diameter681of lb
1 1 at 6.22 ft to right of A
in. According 50 lb/ft3 3.106 3120 ft3
!s; 2080 ft !s; 2200 ft !s
velocity will do
be incompresible.
less because ofPuede
GO disminuir
friction betweenlawater
temperatura
and thedelwalls
8 fluido the Figure P3.44
ofen 60 mph 10 ft/s
to some
el curso fire
del codes,
flujo? the nozzle must be2.148
Explquelo. capable89.5%
of delivering at least 5-73 Se debe seleccionar
3.108un155 ventilador
N!m 2 para renovar el
nozzle. 250 gal!min. If the nozzle is attached to a 3-in.-diameter 2 hose, what 1.2 m
aire de un cuarto de bao cuyas dimensiones son 2 2.150 8.63 ft!s H 3.112 0.630 ft; 4.48 ft d
pressure must
5-64C Considere be maintained el flujo estacionario just upstream 2.152yofadiabtico 1a2the68.9
nozzledeto2;un
deliver
1b2flui- 3.45
m !Water
3 m (assumed ! 3 m. La inviscid velocidad and incompressible) del6.10 aire&no10debe #3flows 3 steadily
lb!ft 57.4 lb 3.116Open msobrepasar
!s Fan 8
this incompresible.
do flowrate? Si la temperatura 2.154 fluido se mantiene in m/s
del 30' the para
vertical minimizar variable-area la vibracin pipe shown y el1.016 in Fig.La
ruido. P3.45. Determine
2eficiencia combi-
constante en el curso
Surface at t = 0
del flujo, from es 2.156 exacto decir que los efectos
the flowrate ifunidad the pressure in each h3.118 of 5the gages in. reads 50
m
kPa.tomarse
3.42 Water flowing the 0.75-in.-diameter outlet nada de la ventilador-motor 1 ftin. que se usar puede
de la friccin son despreciables? h ! a!!g
como 50 por ciento.
Water
Water Si el ventilador
4 ft 3.120 1.73 m !s
1 m(SG = 0.9)
Oil debe
2
reemplazar todo
Figure P3.55
shown in Video V8.15 and2 Fig. in. P3.42 0.152.158 rises
in. 2.8
6.04in. rad!s
above the outlet. 3.122 25.4 m; 6.51 m; m
Determine the flowrate. 2.160de 5.76 ft Cmo se re- el volumen Figure de aire P3.46 en 10 min, determine a) la potencia de la
#9.59
5-65C Qu es la prdida in. irreversible carga?
laciona con la prdida de2 energa 2.162 28.8 kPa unidad
2m motor-ventilador que Chapter debe comprarse, 4 b) el dimetro 3.56 Water flow
mecnica? Figure P3.50 stant flowrate, Q
del ventilador y c) lagas diferencia deflows presin de uno a682
otro
1!2 lado de

Energy Equation
2 in.

este ltimo.
3.47
10 m Tome
Natural p = 50 la kPa densidad
(methane) 4.2
del aire
19y 2
from
como
" 12y a 3-in.-diameter
" ft!s
kg/m3 y des-
gas main,
5-66C Qu es la carga til de la bomba? Cmo se relaciona
4 Se Recomienda seleccionar 1. Chapter 3 through a 1-in.-diameter Figure 4.4 pipe, and P3.81
x !into y" they1.25 2burner
!2 of a furnace at a
con la entrada
5 Aplicacin directa de Frmulas. Se Recomienda seleccionar 1. de potencia a la bomba?
3.2 13.7 m!s
carte rate
el of 100
efecto ft /hour.
de los Determine
4.8
3 factores de correccin de la energa cin-
3.82
Water
x the
! pressure
#2,
steadily
y !infrom
2the gas main if the
NOTA: Flowrate 2.8 in.
= CAUDAL tica. 6 pressure
Se Recomienda in the 1-in. Seleccionar pipe is 1to. be flows 6 in. of water greater
2
a large open tank and discharge
2 than atmos-
5-67C Qu es el factor de correccin de la energa cintica? 3.4 #30.0 kPa!m pheric pressure. Neglect into 4.10 the
viscous atmosphereEverywhere;
effects. though x "
a y ! constant
3-in.-diameter pipe as shown i
4 in. 1m Fig. P3.82.xDetermine the diameter, d, in the narrowed section o
5-63C Es significativo? 3.6 #0.838 psi!ft; 0.0292 psi!ft 4.14 ! #h 1u 0!v 02 ln 11 # y!h2
0.75 in. 2 2 2 3.48 Small-diameter, the pipe high-pressure at A if the pressure liquidgages
jets can
at A be
andused
B indicate the sam
Solution 5-68C We are to analyze whether 3.8 1a2 #2ra 0 [1 # 1a!x2
canmVdecrease ]!x3steady 4.18 10,in9,Fig. 6, 4P3.48. ft!s If viscous effects
El nivel del agua en un temperature tanque est 20 arriba
2 del
2
during 4
to adiabatic
cut various flow
8 m/s pressure.
materials of asan shown incompressible 2 3 2 3
csThe Bernoulli Equation 1.2 m
es la altura mxima hasta la que 8 ft podra llegar el agua? Qu Salt water
factores reduciran esta
A altura?
2.64 0.304 5-40 ft Se usaSGuna = 1.1 sonda de 3.6Pitot ft y1!2de presin 3.28 esttica 46.5 m!s de
(tubo
econd floor 3.35 Several holes are punched into a tin can as 16shown
ft in Fig. 2.66 !Prandtl) ! [d " 11.31 para medir # 1d 2 "la18.61d velocidad " 1282 de un ]!2 avin que 3.32 20.9 ft!s
vuela a 3 000
2/12 3:54 PM Page 149
P3.35. Which5-34Cof the Enfiguresciertarepresentsaplicacin the variation
diameter debe of the water ve-
= d hacerse pasar un sifn por 2.68 36,000 lb 2m 3.34 45.7 ft
locity as it leaves the holes? Justify your choice. 2.70 p0.06-ft
m. Si diameter
! 0.416
la lectura de la presin diferencial es de 3.36 3 kPa,1248 determine lb!ft2

Cengel 05.qxd
arriba de un muro alto.
2/22/06 6:29
Es posible P
Compilado
AM Page
que
220
agua o aceite
roblemas d e lcon
a
Chapter 5 Mass, E grave-
c. D e
2.74
B ernoulli
2.90su velocidad.
Bernoulli,lb
y u
C onservacin
and Energy Equations d e M asa: 3.40 20.8 lb!s
dad especfica de 0.8 pasen por arriba de un muro ms
Cengel Munson alto? White 1 Fmox.
-45 cen72367_ch05.qxd 2.76 12.19 5-41 ft Mientras circula por un camino en mal3.42 estado, 0.0119 el fondo ft3!s
Por qu? 10/29/04 2:25 PM Page 220
Solution Water discharges
Figure P3.82 to the atmosphere from the orifice Ing. Waldo Lizcano
at the bottom
2.78 of
7200 a
deFigure un Gautomvil
lb .
pressurized tank. Assuming 3.44 15.4 m
rictionless flow, the5-35C discharge Explique
rate of water cmofrom y por thequ tankfunciona un sifn. Alguien
is to be determined. 2.80 665 lb P3.85 choca contra una roca filosa3.46 y esto0.223 causa un Figu
ft; 9.22 lb!ft 2

2.82 107 agujero kPa pequeo 1 en el tanque de gasolina. Si la3.48 altura 2.45 de la 10ga-
5
kN!m 3
; 5.5
propone d hacer pasar agua fra, por accin de un sifn, sobre un &
AssumptionsC) 1VThe aciado
muro
3.83
orificede 7has
e TWater
m de aanques
smooth flows from a large
alto. Esentrance, factible Problems andtank
esto? thus asthe
shown
Explquelo.
in Fig.losses
frictional P3.83. 2.84are 7.11 solina m; que No est en el tanque es de 30 cm, determine 3.50 la3.19 velocidadft
egligible. 2 The flow Atmospheric is steady, 220 pressure is 14.5
incompressible, andpsia, and the with
irrotational 149
vapornegligible
pressure isfrictional 1.60
2.86 F3.86 inicial
Figure
B ! $%R The de3!4 Air, laP3.81
vent 300 onkPa
gasolina the tank en elshown agujero. Explique
in Fig. P3.86 cmo is3.52 closed cambiar
0.0156 and m the 3 la
!s for3.85 any D
ffects (so thatECUACIN 5-36C
the Bernoulli psia. If Una
viscous
equation estudiante
effects
is pasa
are
applicable). agua,7 por
neglected, at accin
what de un
height, h, sifn,
will cavita-so-
2.88 1a2 velocidad
tank 9.00 pressurized
ft; 1b2 con 11,200 el totiempo
lb;increase
1c2 0 y lb cmothe se
flowrate.afectara What el 3.54 flujo
pressure, si
6.59 el p
ft;tapn
,B isabove A ft3/
(b)Presurizados themar.
DE CONSERVACIN DE MASA 1 0.09
(a)bre tion
x un= Lbegin?
muro de To avoid
8.5 220 mcavitation,
de alto (ca) nivel should
x del value
3 x=0
of D1 besube
Despus increased a 2.90
la 3.82
needed
del tanque
33,900 Water
lbto produce flows
est steadily
twice
cerrado the
con from
flowrate
fuerza. a large of thatopen
Respuesta: when tank3.56
the and
2.43ventdischarges
Dm/s is!open?D1![1 # 1p2gD14
Properties 5-45 We take
UnorP3.35the deldensity
tanque
decreased? presurizado
FLUID ofTo water
avoid
MECHANICS Lde tocavitation,
be 1000
agua tiene kg/m un .P the!value
m,orificio
should de 10ofkPa)cmD2 ebein- bordes
in- 373 redondeados,
into kNthe atmosphere de modo though que las prdidas por friccin son ft in
Figure cima Monte Shasta (altitud 4 390 atm 58.5 2.92 Water 3 ma 3-in.-diameter pipe 3.58 as 3.13 shown
de dimetro
tentacreased
545 elen el
or
mismo
A fondo,
decreased?
pressurized donde
experimento.
tank Explain.
of el
water agua
Comente
has a se descarga
sus
10-cm-diameter V0 hacia
posibilidades
ori- la
the de despreciables.
2.94
te-
frictional 314
losses5-42I
Fig. kN; P3.82.
are Si
497
negligible. el
kN
Tank El agua
tanque
Determine If the para
est
thetank beber
vaco
diameter,
is al
initially que d, sethe
inicio,
in necesita
a) determine
narrowed
3.60 en una section
2.94 laoficina
m of
Analysis We take point 1 at the free surface of the tank, and point 2 at the exit of
atmsfera. El
fice nivel
at the del
bottom, agua
where est
water 3 m
discharges arriba to thede la salida.
atmosphere. La empty, altura
2.96
(a) mxima
1680
determine the pipe
lb
the a at
maximum la A que se
if surte
llegar
the
height pressure en
that el garrafones
the agua gages
water enwill el
at de
tanque
A and agua. B y Se
indicate
b)
3.62 introduce
obtenga the
0.0758 sameftuno
3
!s; 499 lb!ft2
rifice, which 3.36 isQ alsoner taken xito.
Waterto beflowsthe reference
from level
a pressurized (z =
tank, 0). Noting
through
2 The tank air pressure a that
6-in.- the fluid velocity p 1 2
presin
diameter del The
pipe,
water
aire
exits
level
enfrom is
el tanque, 3
a 0)
m above
Air arriba del
2-in.-diameter
the outlet.
nozzle, nivel and del
risesagua,
20 es de reach in 2.100
the
una tank 3.63
relacin pressure.
de los
and ft para
(b) extremos
obtain a
la altura de una
relation
Vent z delmanguera
for water
agua, comoheight de plstico
z funcin del 3.64
de 0.25 tiempo1a2in de di-
3.98 ft; 1b2 36.0 ft!s
t the free surface is5-37C
very above low Se
the (V
conecta
water 1 level and
un
is 300 water
H
manmetro
kPa discharges
(x) (absolute) de Hvidrio,
while
0 into theft aceite
con
the atmos- atmosphere as acomo function
2.102 (and of1a2 time.2.11 m; 1b2 941 kN 3.66 19.63 psi
metro en el garrafn que se coloca sobre un pedestal alto, en
hus P2 = Patm300 thekPa
),above the (presin
nozzle
Bernoulli as
deequation
absoluta)
shown in Fig. enP3.36.
simplifies tantoto que la presin
Determine the pressure atmosfrica
in
5-49I Selbthrough
tiene agua que fluye
pipe atpor
conununa oftubo 1 Bhorizontal 3.68aabrir razn
fluido pheric pressure
trabajo is 100
alos kPa.
unefectos
ducto Neglecting
de aire, frictional
comoyeffects,
se muestra en 2.104 laWater 599 6.26
esthede tank100 if thekPa. flow
determine isthe
Despreciesteady,
initialfrictionless,
discharge and
ratedeofincompressible.
lawaterfriccinfrom thedetermine
tank.
549E flows
tanto 4 ft que ela horizontal
otro Air extremo, a rate
vlvula para ym
Chapter cerrar, 5 Mass, Ber
figura P5-37C. El aceite fluir en el manmetro como se
gal/s.ve Thede
en
2.106
5-44 1
pipe gal/s.
consists
426 kN, El tubo
of2.46two m consta
sections
below de
ofsurface dos
diameters 10secciones
cm4 in and con dimetros 3.70 de
1a2 4 &del
1.06 10#3; 1b2 3.0
P1 la 2
V1 razn inicial Answer:
P2 V0.168 2
de descarga
m /s3
del
V 2
aguaP del
P tanque. Respuesta: 2 in with a smooth se mantiene
reducing section. 2 ft Theabajo pressure del fondo del garrafn. Si el nivel
+ + z1la= figura 2
+ P5-37Ca + zh2 o como 2
= se1 ve 2
in. en + zla 1 b? Explquelo. Cul 2.108 y 2 2.34
inSolution in,pipe ft Auna
con water seccin tank diameterdifference
ofreductora Dsuave.
o and height Se mide H open 3.72
la the29.5
todiferen-atmosphere Pa is initially
g 0.168 2g m
3/s
g 2 g 2 g D3 = 4gla between the twoagua en
sections elsmooth garrafn
is measured est(no bya a1.5 mercury ft atcuando estdrains lleno,
3.74 determine
1gage2;
sera
dmax su respuesta si se Air invirtiera direccin del flujo?
manometer.
2.110
diameter
cia de 0.146
Neglectingcunto
D
presin with a
entre
tiempo
frictional las entrance
mnimodos
effects, secciones
9 ft losses)
secompletely
determine necesitar del the
tubo
the dif- para3-in.
bottom
mediante
llenar diameter
3.76
un
un vaso
to0 the
ma-
1a2 0.0696 de 8 oz
0.146
atmosphere.
m3!s; 1b2 0.5
mRelati
ferential2.116 392 kN;for 437 kN; Yes
300 kPa time required the tank toDesprecie
empty and half-way.
olving
d
nmetro
height of10 de
mercury
(! 0.00835 mercurio. between 3 the
ft 0.289 psift ) a) cuando el garrafn acaba3.78two pipe los efectos
sections. de la friccin
de abrirse y
H!H0 !y 1!11
3.75. If for
the V2 and substituting, 20 ft the discharge velocity is determined to Answer: 2.118 0.52
determine in 581 lb;
Assumptions la 10 altura
19 The orifice diferencial has a del smooth mercurioentrance,entre and thus las dos sec-
the frictional
b) " cx!L21
losses are 2neg
ten kept at a 2.120 7.77cuando & est lb casi
acting vaco.
Water406 ft above 8baseft c ! 2$ dmax!rV0
onstriction Water
Aire incompressible,
ciones del kN tubo.and Respuesta: irrotational with 0.52negligiblein frictional effects (so that the Bernoulli H 2O
equati
minants can 1 in. 1000 2
1 kg m/s 2 2.122
Determine 2( P1 P2 ) 2(300
300 kPa 100 D1)=kPa

D2N/m= 2 in.

64.4 2 A 3.80 0.0132 m3!s
rough cracks V 2 = Figure Flujo + 2
P3.78 1 2 in.gz = 3 Flujo 1 kPa + 2 (
Analysis
2.124 9 . Q
81 m/s )( 3 m)
3360 psi We take point 1 at the free surface of the tank,3.82
16 ft
and point 2.502in. at the exit of orifi
(1) to draw
be- Air Figure P3.83 1000 kg/m 1N
of water
nd viscous 3m
2.126
at the 203 orifice kN(zdown
4 in 2 in diameter = d
2 = 0), and take the positive direction of z to be 3.84 upwards.4 Noting that0.06-ft the flud
air enter the
gligible.
=
21.4 m/s 2 ft atmosphere
2.128 3370 lb; (and
Figurethese
882 thus lb P1 = P2 = Patm) and that the fluid velocity
P3.86 3.86 at 13.0
the free psi surface is ver
3.84 Water flows into the sink shown in Fig. P3.84 and equation
2.130 485between kN two points simplifies to 3.88 0.607 ft3!s; 1b2 21.3 ft
Then P3.33thecan *3.79
initial rate of Video discharge
Water flows V5.1 of
from
water
at aa rate largeof
becomes
tank
10 cm
2 gal/min.
and through If the a pipedrain of is closed, the water P V 2
variable 2.132 46.8 lb!ft 3 h
4 2in 2 in 2 3.90 0.123 ft 3
!s
Figure P2 V2 V
stimate the will eventually flow through 2 of the 2.134 1.22 1
+ no 1
zP3.82
+change 1 = + + z2 z1 = 2 = 20.400 Figu
area as shown D 6in2in.Fig. 3.79.
( 0 .The
10 m)area the overflow
pipe is given drain byholesA ! rather than g 2 g
ft;
g Flujo con Cavitacin
2g 2g
8V3.92
2 in Fig.
gz1 ft
r to accom- V = AAorifice V over
= the Vedge = of the sink. How
( 21 .4 3many
m/s)
m 0.4-in.-diameter
= 0.168 m 3
/s drain 2.136
holes 3.87
786,000 lb; 315,000
Water lb
is siphoned from the tank 1.5 shown
ft 3.94 R ! P3.87.
0.998 z 1!4
[1 " x(1
2 " x/!)/2!], 2 where A
FIGURE is the
P545 area at the beginning b)(x ! 0)
0Figure 4 of thetoa)pipe.
0
ions. areP3.36 4 that 2.138 54,600FIGURElbwe
3.83 P549E
and end (x !needed
!) ensure Plot graphs the ofwater does not
the pressure overflow
within the the sink? For generality, Determine the Water
express flowrate flows
the water from
from Agua
height a large
the tank
in thetank
tankas
and atshown
the pressures
any 3.100
time in tFig.
byatz,P3.83.
404.5 points
kPa the discharge
and
Discussion
pipe as
Note that a Neglect
function
FIGURA viscous
this isP5-37C
546 of distance
Reconsider effects. along
Prob. the
545. pipe
the maximum flow rate since the frictional effects Using for water
EES depths
(or other) of 2.142 127 (1), lb
Atmospheric
(2), and (3) pressure
if viscous is 14.5
effects hpsia, are and the
negligible. vapor pressure
3.102 252 iskPa; 1.60 114 kPa 3.86 T
h!
3.37 1, 4,ANS-2
10,Anand 25 m.
inviscid, incompressible
software, investigate 10 liquid
cm the effectflows of steadily
water height from in 550 are An thatignored.
2.144 water
18.9
airplane psia. isAlso,
surface
kPa;
If 0.208
viscous
flying inthe the
at mvelocity
an3tank moves
effects altitude anddown the
areofneglected,
12,000 as m. the tank drains, and thus z is a variable
at what height, 3.104 h, will
9.10cavita- & 10#3 mtank 3 whos
!s; 57.9pr
low rate will decrease as beginning to 0 when the tank is emptied completely.
thethe tankwater thelevel in the tank decreases.
5/12 9:01 PM Page
the large pressurized ontank discharge
shown in Fig.velocity.
P.3.37.Let The thevelocity
water height vary
at the exit Determine 2.146 the 681 tionlbpressure
gage at 6.22To
begin? atft theto right
avoid stagnationof A point should
cavitation, on the the value of3.106 D1 be3120 increased ft3!s; 2080 ft3!s;
needed
from 0 to the nose of 2.148 the plane 89.5% ifWethedenote
speed of thethe diameter
plane is of 200the km/h.orifice Howby D, and the 3.108 diameter 155 ofN!mthe 2tank by Do. T
is 40 ft /5-38C
s. Determine Se 5vamspecific ain medir
increments
gravity ofof0.5
la velocidad them. Tabulate
liquid dein un theand plot the
tank.
fluido que fluye would you entank solveis8.63
or decreased?
obtained
thisft!s 2 by multiplying
problem
To
if the speedthe
avoid were
cavitation,
discharge
1050 km/h?
should the value
velocity by the orifice cross-sectional
of D 2 be in-
area,
results. 2.150 creased or decreased? Explain. 3.112 0.630 ft; 4.48 ft
un tubo mediante dos manmetros diferentes de mercurio, Explain. del 2 FIGURA D 2lb P5-49E 2 ft
547E A siphon FIGURA pumps P5-45water from a large reservoir to a 2.152 1a2 V 68.9 = Alb!ft ; 1b2=57.4
V 2 gz system is to 3.116 6.10 & 10#3 m3!s
tipolower de Pitot, 10 psicomo se muestra en la figura P5-38C. Esperara
551 2.154 30'
The air velocity inorifice
the 2
duct of 4 a heating
tank that is initially empty. The tank also has a rounded 3.118 1.016 in.
el lector
orifice que los manmetros predeciran la misma velocidad
Air 15 ft below the reservoir surface where the water
be measured Thenbythe
2.156 ha ! Pitot-static
a!!g ofprobe
amount waterinserted that flows into through
the duct the par-orifice during a differential 2time
3.120 1.73 m !s
paraleaves el agua the tank.queBoth fluye? Si noand
the siphon es theas,orifice
cul sera elaremsallel
diameters exacto? to flow. If the differential height between the water
2.158
interval 6.04 dt israd!s 3.122 25.4 m; 6.51 m; #9.59
-2 5-46
Answers 5toft Selected 2
Explquelo. Vuelva
h
in. Ignoring
Even-Numbered
Liquid
a considerar
frictional
Cul sera losses, el problema
determine
su respuesta
Homework Problems to 5-45.
what Use
height
si fluyera aire en lugar el
the Soft- columns5-50
de
connected
2.160 Un
5.76flow
toavin
the twovuela
ft velocity D
outlets 2 a ofunathe altitud
probe is 2.4 de 12
cm, 000 m. Determine la 4 ft
waterware willde riseEES in the(o !tank cualquier
at equilibrium. otro programa de este ti- determine (a) the
presin manomtrica
dVkPa =Vdt = and en (b)el
2 gz thedt pressure
punto de rise at
estancamiento (1) sobre la na-
agua en el tubo? Free jet 2.162 28.8 Chapter 4
the tip of the probe. The air temperature h4 and pressure in the
po) e investigue 548 Water el efecto enters de a tank la ofaltura diameter del3.28Dagua
T steadily sobre
46.5 at
m!sa lamass veloci- duct areriz delandavin, sirespectively.
la velocidad de Dste 3 = 4es in.de 200 km/h. Cmo 4.2 in the 19yre- 2
" 12y of " 6821!2 ft!
nk0.304
shownftin dad de descarga. 2flow rate of
.
m in. An 1!2
Suponga orifice
que at
la the bottom
altura del with diameter
agua vara Do de 0 which,
45C
solvera
Chapter
from
3
98 kPa,
este
conservation
problema
of mass, must
si FIGURA
la velocidad
be equal to the decrease
P5-42E fuera de 1 050 km/h?
4.4 xEx-
!
volume
y " y 2
!2
eineupon
!! [dthe
(a)each" 11.31 10 #ft 1d allows " 18.61d water " 1282
to escape.
x
]!2 orifice has3.32
The a rounded 20.9 ft!s so
entrance, 552 The water water in the in atank,10-m-diameter, 2-m-high aboveground
gligible
36,000and lb hasta 5 m, en incrementos de 0.5 m. Elabore 3.34 una 45.7 tabla
ft y trace la swimming 3.2
plquelo.
pool13.7 is to m!s be emptied by unplugging D2 a 3-cm- 4.8 x ! #2, y ! 2 10 ft
p ! 0.416 ugrfica de los resultados. Flujo m 3.36 1248 lb!ft2 diameter, 3.425-m-long #30.0 =kPa!m
dVhorizontalAtank (pipe dz )attached= 0to dz the bottom of (2) Everywhere; x2 " y2 !
4.10
x=0 5-51 Se vatheapsi!ft; medir la discharge
velocidad 4 ratedel aire
waterenDel =ducto de unxsis- ! #h 1u0!v02 ln 11 #
the pool. 3.6 Determine#0.838 maximum 0.0292 psi!ft D1 =of1 in. in. 4.14
2.90 lb 5-47I
40 Figure
ft/s
Un P3.79 sifn bombea agua desde un3.40 depsito 20.8 grande
lb!s
3
hacia through3.8 where
tema
the pipe.de1a2 5-43
dz is the
calefaccin
Also,
#2ra Un
2
V
explain 2 piezmetro
change [1 why
# in
mediante
1a!x2
thetheactual
2 water
]!x y3unaun
flow tubo
level rateinwill
sonda de thePitot
de
2 se
tank
Pitot
2
y fijan
during
presin
4.18 dt.a (Note
tomas
10, 9,that
est- en
6, 4dz unft!sis Q a negati
12.19 ft un tanque ms abajo que est inicialmente 3.42 0.0119 ft !s direction of z is 0
upwards. Therefore, we used dz to get a positive quantity
2 3que 2for 3 the amoun
vaco. El tanque be less. tica (tubo 1b2 tubo
pFigure horizontal
0de Prandtl)
2 P3.83 2de agua4 de 3 cm de dimetro y se mide
introducida1a!x2 !2] en ese ducto, paralela al flujo. 4.20 2c ; 2c las ;
7200 lb Figure P3.37
tambin tiene un orificio de bordesDredondeados 3.44 15.4 m
a 15 ft hacia Eqs. (1)alturas
3.12
and
12.0Prob.
"
kPa;
rV
(2) de equal 0 [1a!x2
tocolumnas
lasDetermine
kPa
#
each other and de rearranging,
agua son de 20 cm, 4.22 en el
4xi
x
piezme-
" yj
y
" zk
x
y ! 0
!
665 lb 3.46 0.223 ft; 9.22 lb!ft
553
2 Si la
Reconsider altura
1a2 diferencial
#20.1
552. entre las
how columnas
long it will de agua conectadas a
Dy2 lb!ft D02 el3 tubo h (lasDdos
2
1 D02 2; 2laft!s 1 2 Figu
107 kPa Section 3.6.2 Confined Flows (also see 3.48
T
abajo de la superficie del depsito, 1 en donde el agua sale del take to empty 3.14
las the tro, 4.973 de2
swimming
3.84 353
;la
pool cm,
dt0.681=sonda en
lb!ft
completely.
Water deAnswer:
flows intodecm,
19.7Pitot
the sink
= shown 0
a)medidas
4.24
in laFig. = 1a2
4ft!s
P3.84 desde and z 2 dz ; 1b2 ne
Lab 2.45 2& 105 kN!m3; 5.503.20
Problems & dos 103.21#6 salidas
m4N!m !s 2de gz esdz 2.4 determine
dt dzveloci-
m tanque. Tanto el dimetro del sifn como3.50
7.11 m; No 3.1LP and 3.3LP)
el del3.19 orificio
ft
son de 2
554
Reconsidersuperficie
Video V5.1
Prob. superior
at
553. a
dad del flujo y b) la elevacin de la presin en la punta de la rate 4del
Using of 2tubo
gal/min.
EES de
(or agua).
other)If the Determine
drain D 2
is 4.26
2closed,
gzla velocidad10the D 2
ft!s;
water2 10
g en ft!s 2

3.80 Ignore lasIf prdidas viscous effects are neglected and thehasta tank is 3large,
3.24
Thesoftware, 203 elLa ft!s
centro investigate de be este the effect
tubo. ofeasily
the the discharge 4.28 9 Letting
#1.65 & 1011t ft!s 2
; #5
FB ! $%R3!4 in.
determine the flowrate from
por friccin,
z the tank shown
determine
3.52
in Fig. 0.0156
P3.80.
qu
m !s altura
for any
pipe D sonda.
diameter
last
on
willrelation
the
eventually
time
can
temperatura Vaciado en funcin del tiempo
required
flow
integrated
to y through
la
empty presin
the pool
since overflow
del
com-
the variables
aire en drainducto holes
are separated.
son
ratherde than f be the di

1a2 9.00 ft; 1b2


3.38
llegar11,200 el lb;
Obtain agua 1c2 en
a
0 lbel tanque en
photograph/image of el equilibrio.
a situation
D o that involves
3.54 6.59 ft; B above A a con- pletely. 45C
from t
Let theydiameter
=
over0 when
98 kPa, the zedge = z =of
respectivamente.
i H to
the t =
sink. tf whenHow z = z
many f gives0.4-in.-diameter drain holes 3.87
fined flow for which FIGURA the Bernoulli P5-38C and continuity equations are 5-44
are El
vary dimetro
from
ensuredethat
1 to 10 cm uninthetanque watercilndrico
increments de agua estheDsink? T y su Determ
andneeded 2 the zto 2 does2 not overflow
1 zf
2
( )
2of 1 cm. 4 2 1!4
33,900 lb 5-48 Entra agua de manera estacionaria 3.56a un D
tanque
! D ![1
de dime-
# 1p gD z!8Q tf ]
Tabulate
altura
plot results. 2
important. Print this photo and write. a brief paragraph that de- 1 1

5-52 Se va2 0es
D
aand vaciarH. Elz el

1tanque est lleno Dcon agua,
z
10y=mabierto2 D a zlaatms- D 0 (2), 2 zi
f

atdt 110=Neglect
kPa viscous agua
effects.
/2
dz de tuna = - alberca 0 de de0 dime- z f = (1),
373 kN tro
scribesDT, theconsituation
un flujo de masa de m in. Un3.58
involved. orificio 3.13de ftdimetro D555 Air t = 0
tro y 2inclined fera. D
m de alto En 2 g el 50C
zfondo
= z flows
se upward
abre un
f through
orificio
D 2 a
2 gde 1
dimetro D 2
D2 g con
i
una en- D 2
g
duct arriba at a ratedel of suelo
45 L/s.Se destapar 2 un tubo horizon-
o 1
o
314 kN; 497que kNest 5-39 en el fondo
En climas deja que
fros, el agua
los tubosse 3.60
escape.
de agua 2.94
El m
orificio
pueden tiene
congelarse
6-cm-diameter
y trada de bordes redondeados
The
(sin
duct
prdidas).
z1
Desarrolle una rela-
3.39 Air flows steadily through a horizontal 4-in.-diameter pipe 3and 2 talis de 3 reduced
cm de dimetro y 25 amreducer. de largo Thefijo al fondo de la al-
3.62 0.0758 ft !s; 499diameter lb!ft 488then
; Then lb!ft 2
; #11.7 to 4 cm2 through
1680 lb
exits into reventarse
the atmosphere si noOil, se toman
FIGURE
through aP548 las precauciones
3-in.-diameter nozzle. The apropiadas.
veloc- En uno
pressure change
berca. the cin
across
Determine 2 para
dischargingthe reducer ellb!ft
la tiempo
time is
razn necesario
formeasured
the
mxima two cases by de aparabecomes
water que el
descarga follows: a) se vace a la
as tanque
del agua por el
0 3.63 ft isSG = 0.81 3.64 1a2 3.98 ft; 1b2 36.0 ft!s; #510 lb!ft
ity at the denozzle
esos exit sucesos, 150 la parte
ft/s. Determine expuesta de unintubo
the pressure queifest sobre tubo.
the pipe el Tambin, mitad y b) expliquese vacepor totalmente.
qu el gasto real ser menor.
2ume 1a2!2.11 m; 1b2 941 kN
28.9 viscous effects are negligible. 2 m 3.66 19.63 psi D2 2H H 0
m (a) The tank empties halfway: zi = H and zf = H/2: tf = 2
4 is599
0.60lbin., 3.68 6.26 m D g g
5-53 #3Vuelva a considerar el problema 5-52. Determine cun-
6r surface
426 kN,in2.46 m below surface 3.70 1a2 1.06 & 10 ; 1b2 3.02 & 10 ; 0.118
#3
to tiempo transcurrir para que la alberca se vace. Respuesta: D2 2H
8 2.34 ft 3.72 29.5 Pa (b) The t f = 02
0.7 m 19.7 h tank empties completely: zi = H and zf = 0: g
0verging
0.146rec- 3.74 0 1gage2; 0.146 m D
68 and
392Video
kN; 437 kN; Yes 3.76 1a2 0.0696 m 3
!s; 1b2 0.574 m
Note
that
the
discharging
time
is inversely

Water DT 5-54
Discussion Vuelva a considerar
8 La cavitacin se produce cuando debido al aumento de Velocidad existe el problema 5-52. Use el Soft-
proportional to the square of the o
8velocity 0.289 psi50-mm
581 lb;are 3.78 5-21
H!H0 ! 1!11 " cx!L21!2discharging
, where time ware cande be EES reduced (o tocualquier one-fourthotro by doubling programa the de
diameter
este of the orifice.
ti-
diameter una disminucin de presin que llega hasta la presin de vapor,
PROPRIETARY
0hat7.77
the & 109 lb acting
dis- MATERIAL 406 ft above . base 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, c ! 2$H2O dmax Inc.
!rVLimited
0
2
po) distribution
investiguepermitted
e presentndose el efecto un cambio
onlydel ddimetro to
e fase indeseado. del tubo Se de descarga sso-
recomienda u estudio.
eachers
2tic64.4 and
kN
pressure educators Figure for P3.80 course preparation. If you are a student using
3.80 0.0132 m !s 3 this Manual, you are using it without permission.
bre el tiempo necesario para vaciar la alberca. Suponga que el
4g 3360 psi
the chan- 3.82 2.50 in. 9 El caudal de vaciado depende de la velocidad de salida del fluido, y esta

6h and kN isdown
203dmax z Do 3.84 4
dimetro vara de 1 hasta 10 cm, en incrementos de 1 cm. Ela-
a su vez de la altura del fluido en el tanque ( que vara a medida que se
bore una tabla y trace!! la grfica de los resultados.
8ght: x !lb;
3370 L).882 lb 3.86 13.0 psi
ther impor-
0 485 kN
3.81
Water
flows
steadily
downward
in the pipe shown 3in Fig.
3.88 0.607 ft !s; 1b2 21.3 ft 5-55
vaca), por lo que = !"# . Son problemas p5-20
Se tiene aire a110 kPa y 50C que fluye hacia
lanteados
arribaInc. Limited distrib
7 Se recomienda el 3.80 y el 3.86 PROPRIETARY
diferencialmente MATERIAL p ara s er . i 2006
ntegrados. The McGraw-Hill
O pcionales. Companies,
2 46.8 lb!ft3 P.3.81 with negligible losses. Determine the3.90 flowrate.
0.123 ft3!s por un ducto
teachers and educators inclinado for de course 6 cm preparation. de dimetro, If youaare razn de 45
a student L/s.this Manual, you are
using
4 1.22 ft; no change 3.92 0.400 ft Entonces, mediante un reductor, el dimetro del ducto se reduce
6 786,000 lb; 315,000 lb 3.94 R ! 0.998 z1!4 hasta 4 cm. Se mide el cambio de presin de uno a otro
8 54,600 lb
Then the mass flow rate througha)the orifice for a water height of z b) becomes 5-51friction Se va between a medir water la and velocidad the tube del surface.
de 1 gal/s. El tubo consta de dos secciones con dimetros de 4 Agua aire en el ducto de un sis-
spuesta: 5-47I FIGURE Un P545
sifn bombea agua desde un depsito grande hacia Tank
in y 2 in,FIGURA con unaP5-37C seccin reductora suave. Se mide la diferen- FIGURE 2 P549Etema de calefaccin mediante Water una sonda de Pitot y presin est-
un de tanque msentre abajo que est D02 inicialmente vaco. 1 El 4mtanque
m out = VProb. out ma- tica (tubo de Prandtl) introducida en ese ducto, paralela al flujo.
out = (or other)
546 cia
Reconsider presin A Using
545. las dos
V 2 = EES secciones 2 gz del tubo z=mediante un 5-43 DT
tambin tiene unorificeorificio de bordes 2
nmetro
software, de mercurio.
investigate the effectDesprecie of water 4 height losredondeados
efectos
in 550 de 2la ag 15
An ftDhacia
friccin
airplane 0 y is flying Si at laSolution
altura
an altitude diferencial ofThe 12,000 static entre m. las
and stagnation columnas pressures de agua in a conectadas
horizontal pipe a are measured. T
he tank on the determine
abajo
discharge de
5-38C lala superficie
velocity. SeLet
altura va adel
the medir
diferencialwater Compilado
depsito, ladelvelocidad
height en donde
mercurio
vary Problemas
de el agua
un
entre
Determine fluido
lasthe dsale
dos e
que
gagelsec-
a del
E c. De
fluye
pressure enlasBaternoulli
dos
isthe to salidas stagnation
be determined. z y de Conservacin la sonda
point on the
D
es de d2.4 e M cm, asa: determine a) la veloci-
romSetting tanque.
z ciones
= max and
inhincrements Tanto m outofel0.5
= dimetro
m in (the
del0.52
incoming sifn como
inflow therate) eldiferentes
delgives orificio
of the son
desired
Cengel de 2unson
relation
if M for
dad ofthe Wplane
del hite
flujoisy 200 Fb)ox. la flow elevacin How0 de la presin 2enftand
en laductopunta de la
0 to 5 m un
del tubo
tubo. mediante
m.
Respuesta:Tabulate dos manmetros
and plot nose thede plane mercurio, the speed del the km/h.

maximum height tipo
esults. in. Ignore las
the water prdidas
de 146 will reach
Pitot, como por in friccin,
sethe tank,
muestra determine
en la figurawould hasta you qu
P5-38C.solve altura
this problem
Esperara sonda.if Assumptions
the Laspeed temperatura were The 1050 km/h? y
is steady, incompressible,
la presin del aire
irrotational with negligible fri
son de equation is applic
llegar el lector
agua
Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Ing. Waldo Lizcano
DynamicsThe Bernoulli
between the G. two pressure measurement
Equation locations (so that the Bernoulli
wateren el tanque en el equilibrio. Explain. 2 D0
547E A siphon pumps el que
from 2
los
a manmetros
large reservoir to predeciran
a la misma velocidad 45C y 98 kPa, respectivamente.
4elagua tank 551 sera The air velocity in the duct Analysis of a heatingWe system take ispoints to 1 and 2 along the centerline of the pipe, with point 1
ower tank that5-48 is initially para
1 empty.
Entra agua
in deque
mdiameter
The manera fluye?
also
water
has
jetSiwith no es
a rounded
estacionaria as,
a speed a uncul tanque
of 700 m!s. deeldime- msDetermine exacto? thepoint D) 3.51 2Sva atonda Water flows d e P
through itot the una Tpipe ubo contraction de Prandtl
shown in Fig. dime-
P3.51.
orifice 15 ft hbelow = the reservoir surface where the . water be measured by a Pitot-static 5-52
probe Se
inserted the a into entrance
vaciar the duct el ofagua the Pitot-static
par- de alberca probe (the
de stagnation
10 m de point).
maxD , Explquelo.
tro 2 con
g unD 2 Cul
flujo
flowrate. de masa seradesumrespuesta . Un orificio si fluyera
de aireIf en
dimetro Dlugar de This For is athe steady givenflow 0.2-m with difference straight and in manometer parallel level, determine
streamlines, and thusthe the
eaves the tank. Both the siphon T
en el 0 the orifice diameters are
and in allel to flow. the odifferential tro y Piezmetro
2 flowrate
height m de alto between
as aat arriba
function
the point del
water Fof lujo suelothe cSe
diameter on destapar M ofanmetros the small un tubopipe, horizon-
D.
que est agua en el fondo tubo? deja que
4 in el agua 2 in se escape. El orificio tiene static pressure any is equal to the hydrostatic pressure at that
2 in.(b) The amount of water that flows through the orifice and the increase in
Ignoring frictional losses, determine to what height the columns connected
determine (a) the flow velocity
to the
the amount
two tal outlets
de
and
3
diferenciales
point.
cmof
(b)Noting
the
of water de
the pressure
probe dimetro
thatin
is
point
2.4 the2tank
rise at
y cm, 25
is a stagnation
m de largo
during a point and thus V = 0 and z = fijo al fondo
2
de la al-
1
berca. Determine laofrazn theinFIGURA mxima P5-42E de descarga between del agua por el
water
e 10 will rise bordes
differential
cm intime
the tank interval at equilibrium.
redondeados, dt are de modo que las prdidas por friccin son z2, the application Bernoulli equation points 1 and 2 gives 20 cm
hacia Water la 2
the tip of the probe. The air temperature
tubo. Tambin, explique
and pressure
por qu
the
el gasto real 2 ser menor.
. despreciables. Si el Dtanque mest vaco al inicio, duct a) are determine
45C and 98lakPa, respectively.
548 enters a tank of diameter DT steadily at a mass 2 2
0 P V P V V P P 10
La of mdm An =orificem out dt a labottom
at =the 2 gz dtdiameter + 1Piezmetro y Tubo de Pitot
1 2
low rate
lida. in. out
altura mxima queFlujo with
llegar el agua h Den o el tanque y b) obtenga + z1 = 0.2 + 2 + z2
m
1
= 2 1 Water
allows water to escape. The orifice has4a rounded entrance, so 552 The water in a 10-m-diameter, 5-53 Vuelva 2-m-high g a 2considerar gaboveground g el2 gproblema 5-52. 2 g Determine g cun-
a, es de una relacin para la altura z del agua, como swimming funcin del tiempo 5-43 Un
emptied
to tiempo transcurrir thepiezmetro P1 andpara y unlatubo de Pitot se fijanRespuesta:
a tomas en un
DT2 pool is to be by unplugging a 3-cm-que alberca se vace.
Substituting P2 expressions give
osfrica dm tank = mA tank dz = dz diameter, 25-m-long horizontal 19.7 pipe h tubo attached horizontal to the bottom de agua of de 3 cm de dimetro y se mide que las
5-49I Se tiene agua que 4 fluye por unBMAns.qxd tubothe horizontal a razn V12 Qrate P2 P g (h + R ) g (hpiezo + R ) g (hpitot hpiezo )
etermine pool. 2/15/12
Determine 9:01 the PM maximum Page discharge
alturas
ANS-2 of 1 water pitot
The amount de of 1 water
gal/s. that El tubo consta
FIGURA
enters the de dos
P5-49E
tank during secciones
dt is con = dimetros (Recall de 4 that = constant). 0.1 mdeSubstituting = las columnas =
them intoproblema
de agua Dson de 20 =cm, en el piezme- = hpitot hpiezo
dm m dt m5-54 gthe elgSoft-
espuesta:
in y 2 in, con una seccin reductora 1 DT
suave.0.1 mm
through
Se
in
mide
the
in
la
pipe.
diferen-
Also, explain in why
tro, y Vuelva
the actual 2 g
de 35 cm, flow g a considerar
rate
enwill el tuboelde Pitot (las5-52. dos Use medidas desde la
be less. 2
conservation of mass relation dm tank = dm in dm out gives Solving superficie forware V1 superior and desubstituting, EESdel (o tubo cualquier de agua). otro Determine programa de este ti- en
la velocidad
cia de presin entre las dos secciones del tubo 553 mediante Reconsider un ma- Prob. 552.po) e
Determine investigue how el long efecto it will del dimetro del tubo de descarga so-
DT elcentro Figure V1 = de 2P3.51 geste (hpitottubo. hpiezo = 2(9.81 m/s 2 )[(0.35 0.20) m] = 1.72 m/s
nmetro de mercurio. Desprecie los2 efectos takede
la friccin
to empty 2the swimming y bre
poolel completely. tiempo necesario Answer: 19.7 para h )vaciar la alberca. Suponga que el
el Soft- D D
dm5-50 Un avin
tank = m inla
determine mvuela
dt altura out FIGURA
a una altitud
diferencial
dt P5-38C mercurio
del de dz = 554
T 12 000
m m. Determine
in las Reconsider
entre 0
dos 2sec-
gz la dt
dimetro 5-44 vara ElEES de dimetro 1 hasta de 10 un cm, tanque en incrementos cilndrico de
de agua
1 cm. esEla- DisTtoymeasure su
Prob. Discussion
553. Using Note (or that other) to determine the flow velocity, all we need the he
este ti- presin
ciones del manomtrica
tubo. Respuesta: zen el punto 0.52 de ino4estancamiento
D sobre 4 la na-
software, investigate borethe una
the alturaPitot-static tabla
effect es of y H. trace
probe.
the El tanque
discharge la grfica est de lleno los con resultados. agua, y abierto a la atms-
veloci- 3.52 Water flows through the pipe contraction shown in
riz del avin, si la velocidad de ste es de 200 km/h. Cmo re-
Do integrating it from z = 0 at t = 0 ANS-2
pipe Chapter
diameter 5 Mass,on the Bernoulli,
Answers
time required and
to Selected Energy
fera.Fig.to empty EnEquations
P3.52. elthe
Even-Numbered fondo
Forpool these com-
given abre Homework
0.2-m un orificio difference Problems de in dimetro
the manometer Do conlevel, una en-
a
52 deSeparating
0 the zvariables,
solvera este problema and to Letz= z atdiameter
timeEx- t =vary t gives
5-39 En climassi fros, la velocidad los tubos fuera de de 1 050
pletely.
agua pueden km/h?
the congelarse 5-55
y from trada Se
1determine to tiene 10 decm bordes aire
thein increments flowrate aredondeados 110 as kPa a function y (sin 50Cprdidas). ofque the fluye diameter hacia5-19
Desarrolleof the arriba una
smallrela-
trace la
olution The
plquelo.water in an above Figure the ground P3.48 swimming pool is1 of to be 1 cm.emptied Tabulate by unplugging
and plot the theresults.
por orifice
PROPRIETARY
uncin ducto
pipe, of D. a inclinadohorizontal MATERIAL de necesario 6 cm. de 2006 dimetro, The McGraw-Hill
3.28Ifelayou razn de Companies,
a) 45 L/s. aInc. Limited d
DofT2 dz
1 reventarse si no maximum se tomandischarge lasz precauciones DT22.64 dzapropiadas. 0.304 t ft En uno para el tiempo para que tanque
46.5 m!s se vace la

pe attached to the bottom 4 the pool. The rate4 of water is to be determined. Entonces,teachers 2 mediante
and educators un for course
reductor, preparation.
el dimetro del are a student
ducto se reduce using this Manual, yo
en72367_ch05.qxd 10/29/04
de va esos sucesos, = dt
2:25 PM
la parte expuestaPage 220 de un tubo = dt = t
2 que !est [dsobre el #mitad
555 Air at 110 kPa and 50C flows upward through 1!2a
5-51 1 Se a 2medir la velocidad del z = 0aire en 1el ducto 2.66 !sis- " 11.31 1d " y18.61d b) se vace " 1282 totalmente. ]!2 3.32 20.9 ft!s
Assumptions
e hacia 1m in The 4orifice D02has gz
a smooth entrance, 4 in 2 and
in mallin frictional D2.68
6-cm-diameter 0losses2degzun are
inclined t = 0 ducthasta
negligible. at2 aThe 4 flow
rate cm. of 45 isSesteady, L/s. mide The el ductcambio de presin de uno a otro
3.34 45.7 ft
Chapt
tema
Cengel de calefaccin
05.qxd 3.49 Water
mediante
2/22/06 (assumed una sonda
6:29effects frictionless
de
AM (soPage
4 and
Pitot y220 presin 36,000
incompressible) est- lb flows 5-49E
compressible, and irrotational withFIGURA
negligible frictional
P5-48 that
diameterthe Bernoulli
is then equation
reduced is
to applicable).
extremo
4 cm through del reductor a reducer. mediante The un manmetro de agua. La dife-
tanque tica steadily from a large tank andducto,
exits through 2.70 a vertical,
alp flujo.
! constant
0.416 di- 3.36 1248 lb!ft 2
Performing
nalysis
the(tubo
FIGURE P548
integration,
We take point 1 atameter
de Prandtl) the desired
the free
introducida
pipe as
surface
relation

shown
enbetween
of theinpool,
ese
Fig. andP3.49.
the
pointThe
paralela
pressurewater
2 at air
height
change
theinexit the
zpipe.
across
tank
of
and is
time
the u reducer
pressur-
We
t is obtained
take the reference level at
Solution
is measured to be by Water a water 0.2 mflows through a horizontal pipe that consists of two
ft hacia Si la altura diferencial entre las columnas de agua conectadas a 2.74 2.90 lb height of a mercury manometer placed 3.40 between 20.8the lb!s two pipe sections is to be
e pipedel
sale exit (z2 = 0).1Noting2 thatized the to fluid50 atkN/m 2
both .points Determine is open (a)tothe the atmosphere
height 2 h, to (and thus
which thePwater 1 = P2 = Patm) and that the
salidas la sonda es de 2.4 2.76 ft
12.19 3.42 0.0119 ft3!s
uid velocity at las dos de cm,in determine
a)(c) lagztheveloci-
1
the free 2 surface
DT isrises, 1 D 1 2 gz m ln
very (b)
low the(V
water 0), velocity
the hBernoulli m the pipe,
equation Dand between2 = tlb
pressure
these two in
points the simplifies Assumptions 1The flow through the to
3.44pipe15.4 is steady,
m incompressible, and ir
in 0
on de 2 dad del flujo y2 b) 4 la elevacin 0
2
of 2thedepipe. inla presin en la
4
2.78 punta7200 de la Q
alturaP1 V1 2sonda. ( 14 DP022 2Vg22 )horizontal part min that0.1the m Bernoulli equation is applicable). D 3.46 2 0.223 The losses in the reducing
ft; 9.22 lb!ft2
section
+ z2
+ + z1 = La+ temperatura yz1 la V
= presin 2 del
V2 =aire 2 gzen
2.80
ducto son 665 de lb
1
g 2 g45C y98 g kPa, 2220
g respectivamente. 2202 g 2.82 107 kPa Properties The densities of mercury 3.48 and2.45 water & are 10 kN!m
5
Hg = 847
3
; 5.50 lbm/ft &3 10
and #6
Discussion FLUID NoteECUACINthat thisDE
MECHANICS relation
CONSERVACINis implicit in DE z,MASA
and thus 2.84 we cant obtain a relation in the form z = f(t). Substituting a z
hedime-
maximum
value in the discharge
5-52 left side Serate va occurs
gives
aUn the
vaciar
FIGURA
when elthe
time agua
P5-49E
it water
takes de height
for the
una in fluid
albercathe pool level
de is ain
10 mmaximum,
the
de tank
7.11 which
dime-
m; Nois the case
to$%R reach atFigure
Analysis
3 that level. Equation solvers such as EES
the beginning P3.52We take points 1 and3.50 2 along 3.19the ftcenterline of the pipe over t
ndetrothus D z = h. Substituting, 5-45 the maximumtanque presurizado
flow velocity andde agua
discharge tienerate 2.86
unbecomeorificio F !de 10 !4
cm bordes = z , the redondeados, Bernoulli equation de modo between que 3.52
las points prdidas 0.0156
1 and por
3
2mgives !s
friccin for any D
son
can545oeasily
1
troA pressurized
solve y 2implicit
m de altotank
equations
arriba of waterlike
del this.
suelo has aSe 10-cm-diameter
destapar un tuboori- horizon- B the frictional losses2 are negligible. If the tank is initially
io tienefice at the de
bottom, dimetro
where en
water el fondo,
discharges donde to theel agua
atmosphere. se2.88 descarga 1a2 empty,
9.00 hacia ft; (a) 1b2
la 11,200
determine despreciables. lb; 1c2 the 0maximum lb Si el tanque height est that vaco
the 3.54 water al 6.59
inicio,
will ft;a)Bdetermine
above A la
V 2,max tal = de 2 gh3atmsfera.
=cm2(de
145 dimetro y =25 maguade largo 3fijo
m alpressurefondo
2.90dede33,900 lalareach al- lb La
/12 3:54 PM Page 2
P2 V22el 2 2 4
ay0.10-m- 1p2V
2
P A Va0.15-m-diameter D1![1 (V2obtenga 1 )1 z!8Q
2 1!4
z23.56
9.81 m/s El )(nivel 2 m) 6.26 m/s
el Soft- The water 5-50level
berca. isavin
Determine
Un 3 m above la
vuela
Pipe
razn the
a
exit una
del
outlet.
mxima altitud The de
est
de tank
descarga
12 air
000
arriba
m.del agua
Determine por
salida.
el
la in the tank altura 3.53 andmxima (b) 1obtain + 1 la+aque 1 =
zrelation llegar + forpipe +water agua discharges en
height DPtanque
el !into
1 zP2 =
wb) # gD (1)]
presin del aire kPa en el tanque, arriba del atmos- 2.92 del373
nivel agua, kN es de ofuna diameter relacin g para
pipe. Determine
2 g la altura g z del
the velocity 2 g agua, head
3.58como in each
3.13 pipe
ft
funcin if they
del tiempo are
2 11
este above
ti- the
tubo.
presin water
Tambin,
300
level
manomtrica
kPa
is 300
D 2explique
(presin en el(0(absolute)
por qu
punto
.03
absoluta) m)el 2
de
en gasto while real
estancamiento
tanto
the
que serla menor.
2.94 sobre
presin 3 314
asna-
laatmosfrica
kN;
a function
497 kN
time.
carrying Flujos con manmetros Diferenciales
0.12 m3#s of kerosene. 3.60 2.94 m
V
pheric = A V
pressure =
pipe 2, max is 100 2, kPa. V = Neglecting ( 6 . 26 m/s)
frictional = 0.00443
50 effects,
kN/m m
2 /s = 4.43 L/s We let the differential height of the mercury manometer be h and the distanc
veloci- max
riz del avin, 4si lakPa.
max
velocidad 4de ste es de 200 km/h. Cmo re- 5-49I Se tiene agua que fluye por un tubo horizontal a razn
5-53thees Vuelva de 100 adischarge
considerar Desprecie elh of los
problema efectos 5-52. dethe 2.96
la friccin
Determine
5-24 y 549E
1680
cun- lb
determine Water flows 3.54 through Carbon a horizontal tetrachloride pipe flows at3.62
beins.4
a rate aThen
pipe ofof1 variable
0.0758 3
ft !s; diam- 499 lb!ft2; 488 lb!
a de determine
0 solvera initial
este problema si rate
la velocidad water from
fuera de 1 050tank. km/h? Ex-
gal/s. The pipe de in1the
consists gal/s. tube of El where
two tubo sections mercury consta of isde raised
diameters dos seccionespoint A 1a2 in andthe pressure
con dimetros
1b2 pres-
difference
de 4 P2 P1
PROPRIETARY
Answer: to0.168tiempo lamMATERIAL
3razn
transcurrir
/s inicial. para de2006 descarga
queThe la alberca del
Air agua
McGraw-Hill se vace. 2.100
delCompanies,
tanque. 3.63Respuesta:
Respuesta: Inc. ft Limited distribution eter with negligible permittedviscous only toeffects. At 3.64 in the
3.98pipe ft; the 36.0 ft!s; #510 lb
trace la plquelo. 2 in with a smooth in sure y 2 reducing
and in, velocitycon una
w g ( s +permission.
section. are seccin 20 h) = P2 + w gs
The
psi and reductora
pressure 30 ft/s, suave.
+ Hg19.63
difference
respectively. Se mide
At locationla diferen-
B P1 P2 = ( Hg
teachers and 19.7 h 0.168 for
educators 3
m4 /smcourse preparation. 1 If you are a student 2.102using 1a2 2.11 this Manual, m; 1b2 941 youkN are usingP1it+without 3.66 gh psi
5-51 Se va a medir la velocidad del aire en el ducto2.104de 599 un lb
between
sis-
the two cia thede pressure
pipe presin sections andentre velocity islas measured are dos23secciones psi and by 3.68 14 a del ft/s.
mercury tubo
Which
6.26 m mediante
point is atun thema-
5-54 Vuelva
Air Swimming
a considerar pool el problema 5-52. Use el Soft-
145 manometer.
kN, 2.46 m Neglecting nmetrohigher
Combining elevation defrictional mercurio.
Eqs. and (1)by and
effects, how (2)much?
Desprecie anddetermine solving los
3.70for efectos
the1a2 h,dif- de &la 10friccin ; 1b2 3.02 y & 10#3
y2.106
#3
de hacia tema de2calefaccin m
300 kPa mediante una sonda de Problems
Pitot presin 426 est- below surface 1.06
tica (tubo de Prandtl) introducida
ware de EES 10 m (o cualquier Waterotro 3 cm
programa
2 m de
2.108 al2.34 este ti-
ferential
2 ft height determine
*3.55of mercury Water la altura
flows between from diferencial a the 20-mm-diameter two del pipe mercurio
3.72 29.5 Pa pipe
sections. entre
with a las
flowrate dos Q sec-
tanque 2
V12 Plot V 22 V12 )
po) e investigue el efecto del dimetro Aireen ese ducto, paralela
del tubo de2.110 descarga 0.146
flujo.
so-m 0.52 in ciones
Answer: as shown delintubo. w (V 2P3.55.
Fig. Respuesta: ) the0.52
= ( Hgdiameter in 3.74 ) gh of the0 water 1gage2; stream,= d,
h0.146
w (as
m =
( 1Hg w ) 2 g
ftpressures
hacia 3.44
Si laelalturaWater flows
diferencial steadily entre through las 300 the
columnas
kPa large tanks
de agua shown
conectadas in Fig. a a function of distance 2 below the faucet, h, for values of 0 !32hg!
w
saleDeter-
ely. del breP3.44.
tiempo necesario para vaciar la alberca. Suponga que
2.116 392 kN; 437 kN; Yes el 3.76 1a2 0.0696 m !s; 1b2 0.574 m
las
dimetro dosDetermine
salidas
varade
the
deFigure water depth,
1la hasta
sonda P3.4910es cm, de h2.4 A. cm, determine a) la veloci-
en incrementos de 1 cm. Ela- m and 0 ! Q ! 0.004 m3/s. Discuss the validity of the one-dimen-
son
e. de 2 dad del flujo y b) la elevacin de la presin en 2.118
la
25 mpunta 581 de lb; la 0.289 psi sional Calculating assumption the velocities used to calculate and substituting, d" 3.78 d(h), noting, H!H0 ! in 1!11
particular, " cx!L21!2, where
bore una tabla y trace la grfica de los resultados. 9
c ! 2$H2O dmax!rV02
altura La temperatura y la presin del aire en 2.120 ducto 7.77 & 10 lb actingthe406 ft aboveofbase
qxd 2/15/12 9:01 PM Page ANS-2 conditions small
sonda.
Q son de 4 in 2 in h and small Q. 0.13368 m3!sft = 1.53 ft/s
3
2.122 64.4 kN flow rate will be less because V V 1 gal/s
3.80 0.0132
iscussion 5-55
The 45C resultySe 98abovetiene
kPa,3.50 aire
obtained a 110
is respectivamente. byWater kPa (assumed
disregarding 3ym50C que fluye
all frictional
inviscid hacia
effects.
and The arriba
incompressible) actual flows V1 = = 4 =
in 2 in
frictional effects
dime- por duringun ducto flowinclinado
and the resulting
steadily de a6 speed
with cm deofdimetro,
pressure 10drop.ft/s Also,
from the2.124
a razn
the flow
largederate 3360
45
tank L/s.
will
shown psigradually in Fig.decrease as the waterA1 D12 / 4 (4/12 3.82 ft) 2 / 2.50 4 in.1 gal

vel in the pipe Entonces, 5-52
decreases. Se mediante
va aP3.50.
vaciarunDetermine
elreductor,
agua dethe una
el dimetro alberca
depth, H,del de 10 m
2.126 de dime-
203 kN down Q
3.84 4
metro Do 3ofmducto
the layer se reduce of light liquid
tro y 24 mcm. de alto arriba 0.03m
1specific del
10 cm suelo 50 Se
"diameter ftdestapar
3
2 presin un tubo
de2.128 horizon-
3370 lb;tank. 882 lb V h V 13.86 gal/s 13.0 0.13368 ft 3
cio3.71tienein. hasta Se hA mideweight el cambio lb #de that covers the unowater a inotro the
V2 = = = psi = 6.13 ft/s
tal de 3 cm de dimetro y 25 m de largo fijo al fondo
2.130 La de 485 la al-
kN A2 D2 / 4 2
(2/12 h3.88 2
ft) /0.607
4 ft1 gal 3
!s; 1b2 21.3 ft
extremo del reductor mediante un manmetro de agua. dife- 20 mm
ANS-2 berca. Determine
Answers to Selected la razn mxima de
Even-Numbered
50 lb/ft3
descarga
Homework
10 cm Problems del 2.132 agua46.8 por lb!ft el 3 3.90 0.123 ft3!s
tubo. Tambin, A explique por qu el gasto 10 realft/s ser2.134 menor.1.22 ft; no change ( 6 . 13 h ft/s) 2 (1.53 ft/s ) 2
3.92 0.400 ft
FIGURE P545 = = 0.0435 ft = 0.52
(2)2.64 0.304 ft 3.282.136 46.5786,000m!s lb; 315,000 FIGURE lb
hP549E 1!4 in
5-53 Vuelva a considerar el problema 1!2 0.05m 5-52. Determine
diameter cun- d 2(32.2 ft/s 2 )(847 / 62.43.94 1) R ! 0.998 z
2.66 ! ! [d " 11.31 # 1d " H
546 to tiempo Reconsider
2
18.61dhB"= 1282
Prob.para 545.
2m ]!2 3.322.138 20.954,600 ft!s lb FIGURA P5-49E 3.100 404.5 kPa
2.68 36,000 lb transcurrir que Using
FIGURA la alberca
P5-45 EESse(or vace. other)
3.342.142 Respuesta:
45.7 ft lb Therefore,
software, investigate the effect of water height in 127 550 An airplane is flying the differential at an altitude height of of the
3.102 12,000 mercury 252m.kPa;column 114will kPabe 0.52 in.
2.70 p 19.7 ! 0.416 h u 3.36 1248 lb!ft 2
3
the tank B 2.144 18.9 kPa;
Determine 0.208 them gage pressure at the stagnation point 3.104 9.10 & 10 m3!s; 57.9 kPa
on the #3
2.74 2.90on lb the discharge velocity. Let the water 5 ftheight 3.40vary 20.8 lb!s Discussion In the reality, there are frictional losses3 in the pipe,3 and the press
5-54 Vuelva a considerar el problema 5-52. Use
2.146 el681 Soft-lb at 6.22 ft to right Figure of A P3.55 3.106 3120 !s; 2080 ft !s; ft3!
According Water 4 ft nose of the plane if the speed of plane is 200 km/h. 000 ft
How la 2200
3
from 12.19
2.76 0toFigure 5ft m 5-46 in P3.44
increments Vuelva of 0.5 a considerarm. Tabulate and 3.42
el problema plot the 5-45.
0.0119 Use ft !s el Soft- 5-50 Un avinhere, vuela atherefore una altitud debe 12larger m. Determine
ng at2.78 least
results. 7200 lb ware de EES (o cualquier otro programa3.442.148 de
15.489.5%este
mwould ti- you solve
that
this problem
estimated
if theen
and
speed werede
h will
3.108
1050 km/h?
than 2
155 N!m sobre la na-
that calculated here.
ware de EES (o cualquier otro programa de este 2 ti- 2 presin manomtrica el punto estancamiento
hose, 2.80 what 665 po)lbe investigue el efecto del dimetro del tubo3.46 de2.150 descarga 8.63 so- ft!s 3.112 0.630 ft;with
4.48
547E bre A po) e investigue el efecto ade la altura del agua 0.223
asobre
Explain.
ft; 9.22
la 5veloci-23 lb!ft riz 3.56 del#6 Wateravin, flows si laupward velocidad through de ste a variable es dearea 200pipe km/h. Cmoa ft
con- re-
to deliver
2.82 107 3.45 kPa elsiphon
tiempo
Water pumps
necesario
(assumed Figure
water para
inviscid
P3.50
from vaciar
and large reservoir
la alberca.
incompressible) Suponga
3.48
to 2.45
flows
2.152 que
steadily
1a2
&vara 10el
68.9 kN!mlb!ft ;; 1b2
5.5057.4 & 10
stant lbflowrate, m3!s Q, as shown in Fig. P3.56. 3.116 If 6.10
viscous& 10 #3
effects m3are!s Ex-
lower tankin thethat dad is
vertical
de descarga.
initially empty.
variable-area
Suponga
The
pipe tank
shown
quealso in
la has altura
Fig. a del
rounded
P3.45.
agua
Determine 551 de The 0 air solvera
velocity este in the problema duct of si a la heating velocidad system fuera is deto 1 050 km/h?
2.84 7.11 dimetro
m; No vara de 1 hasta 10 cm, en incrementos de 13.19
3.502.154 cm. ft Ela-
30' 3.118
orificeFBbore
2.86 15
the hasta
ftunabelow
! flowrate 3
!4tabla
5 m,
if thethe en
y trace
incrementos
reservoir
pressure in each
la grfica surface de
of los
de
0.5
thewhere m.
gages Elabore
resultados. the3.52
reads wateruna
50 kPa. tabla
0.0156
be y 3 trace
measured
!s for any D
la by
plquelo.
a
Pitot-static