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Million tonnes CO2

Option Name Option Mitigation


Baseline -
#N/A #N/A
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#N/A #N/A
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#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
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#N/A #N/A

2030 Cost Curve

$12
Cost ($/T CO2e)

$10

$8

$6

$4

$2

$0
$4

$2

$0
0
CO2 Avoided
(Millions TCO2e)
Million tonnes CO2 $/tonnes CO2
Cumulative Mitigation Cost of Saved CO2
-
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A

2030 Cost Curve


10
CO2 Avoided
(Millions TCO2e)
10
Options in intial order Mil Tonnes Reduced $/Tonne
LPG Stoves 0.00 0.00
Industrial Motors 0.00 0.00
Efficient Refrigerators 0.00 0.00
Hybrid Vehicles 0.00 0.00
Electric Vehicles 0.00 0.00
Industrial CHP 0.00 0.00
CCS #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Hydropower 0.00 0.00
Solar Power 0.00 0.00
Forestry 0.00 0.00

Options ranked in low-high cost/tonne Mil Tonnes Reduced $/tonne


1 #N/A #N/A #N/A
2 #N/A #N/A #N/A
3 #N/A #N/A #N/A
4 #N/A #N/A #N/A
5 #N/A #N/A #N/A
6 #N/A #N/A #N/A
7 #N/A #N/A #N/A
8 #N/A #N/A #N/A
9 #N/A #N/A #N/A
10 #N/A #N/A #N/A

Options ranked by MCA


1 #N/A #N/A
2 #N/A #N/A
3 #N/A #N/A
4 #N/A #N/A
5 #N/A #N/A
6 #N/A #N/A
7 #N/A #N/A
8 #N/A #N/A
9 #N/A #N/A
10 #N/A #N/A
Rank low-high Altered Rank New Rank in ca
MCA Rank
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Cumulative reduct x y
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A
Examples of Criteria

Criteria Taken from Cost Curve


Mitigation Potential (million tonnes CO2e)
- Mitigation Potential Score (0=lowest, 10=highest)
Direct Unit Costs ($/tonne CO2e)
Direct Total Costs (million $)
- Direct Total Cost Score (0=highest, 10=lowest)
Other Criteria (add your own)
- Reliance on Local Technologies (0=bad-10=good)
- Reliance on Domestic Energy Sources (0=bad-10=good)
- Potential for poverty alleviation (0=bad-10=good)
- Potential for improving air quality (0=bad-10=good)
- Technical Feasibility (0=bad-10=good)
- Political/Social Popularity (0=bad-10=good)
- add your own.
-
-
-
Totals
Overall Rank (1=best to 10=worst)
Criteria Weight LPG Industrial Efficient Hybrid
(Sum to 100 across all criteria) Stoves Motors Fridges Vehicles

- - - -
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
- - - -
$0 $0 $0 $0
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

- #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Overall Scores (10=Perfect Score!)


12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

-
LPG Industrial Efficient Hybrid Vehicles Electric Vehicles Industrial C
Stoves Motors Fridges CHP
4.0

2.0

-
LPG Industrial Efficient Hybrid Vehicles Electric Vehicles Industrial C
Stoves Motors Fridges CHP

GHGs Avoided

0 2 4 6 8 10

Million Tonnes CO2e Reduced


Electric Industrial CCS Hydro Solar Forestry
Vehicles CHP Power Power

- - #DIV/0! - - -
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
- - #DIV/0! - - -
$0 $0 #DIV/0! $0 $0 $0
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

10=Perfect Score!)

icles Industrial CCS Hydro Solar Forestry


CHP Power Power
icles Industrial CCS Hydro Solar Forestry
CHP Power Power

Avoided

#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A

#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A

8 10 12
estry
estry
Intermediate LPG Industrial
Calculations Stoves Motors

Mit Poten Score #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Weighted Score #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Cost Score #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


Weighted Score #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Other Criteria (weighted scores)

- Reliance on Local Technolog - -


- Reliance on Domestic Energ - -
- Potential for poverty allevia - -
- Potential for improving air q - -
- Technical Feasibility (0=bad - -
- Political/Social Popularity ( - -
- add your own. - -
- - -
- - -
- - -
Total Score #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Rank #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Efficient Hybrid Electric Industrial CCS Hydro
Fridges Vehicles Vehicles CHP Power

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
- - - - - -
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Solar Forestry Max Min Diff
Power

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0!

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0!

- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Examples of Criteria LPG
Stoves

Criteria Taken from Cost Curve


Mitigation Potential (million tonnes CO2e) -
Direct Unit Costs ($/tonne CO2e) 0.0
Direct Total Costs (million $) $0
Other Criteria (add your own)
- Reliance on Local Technologies
- Reliance on Domestic Energy Sources
- Potential for poverty alleviation
- Potential for improving air quality
- Technical Feasibility
- Political/Social Popularity
-
-
-
-
Industrial Efficient Hybrid Electric Industrial CCS Hydro
Motors Fridges Vehicles Vehicles CHP Power

- - - - - #DIV/0! -
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 #DIV/0! 0.0
$0 $0 $0 $0 $0 #DIV/0! $0
Solar Forestry
Power

- -
0.0 0.0
$0 $0
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

LPG Stoves
Number of Stoves

The mitigation option - LPG Stoves


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Replaces the baseline option - Kerosene Stoves


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost ($/stove)
Lifetime (years)
Unit Annualized Investment ($) $ -
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. (tonnes) -
Tonne CO2 reduction/stove

$/tonne CO2 eq.

What does this mean in terms of fuel consumption?


Increases LPG use in 2030 by: 0
Decreases Kerosene use in 2030 by: 0

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

Copy this formula to the Demand/Residential/LPG:Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue+Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?Extra LPG used (m GJ)

Copy this formula to the Demand/Residential/Kerosene:Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?Kerosene avoided (m GJ)
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

GJ/stove-year
GJ/year

GJ/stove-year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
-
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
#DIV/0!

$ -

million GJ
million GJ
Industrial Motors
The mitigation option - Efficient electric motors
Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Replaces the baseline option - Conventional electric motors


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Cost ($/kWh)
Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
Tonne CO2 reduction (million tonnes)

$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


Reduces electricity demand by: -

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

This option is not included in the LEAP scenarios.


GWh/year
GJ/year

GWh/year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


-
$ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0.00

$ -

milliion GJ
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

Efficient Refrigerators
Number of Refrigerators:

The mitigation option - Efficient refrigerators


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Replaces the baseline option - Conventional refrigerators


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost ($/refrigerator)
Lifetime (years)
Unit Annualized Investment ($) $ -
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
Tonne CO2 reduction/refrigerator

$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


Reduces electricity demand by: 0

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

Copy this formula to the Demand/Residential/Electricity:Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?Electricity saved (m GJ)
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

kWh/unit-year 0 GJ/unit-year
GJ/year

kWh/unit-year 0 GJ/unit-year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
-
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0.00

$ -

milliion GJ
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

GJ/unit-year

GJ/unit-year
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

Hybrid Vehicles

Number of Vehicles:

The mitigation option - Hybrid cars


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Replaces the baseline option - Conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) cars
Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost ($/vehicle)
Lifetime (years)
Unit Annualized Investment ($) $ -
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
Tonne CO2 reduction/vehicle

$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


Decreases gasoline use in 2030 by -

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?


Refer to the Electric Vehicles tab for guidance on how to enter data for both Hybrid and Electric vehicles int
USE OF IMPROVED CHARCOAL STOVES

GJ/vehicle-year
GJ/year

stion engine (ICE) cars

GJ/vehicle-year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
-
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0.00

$ -

million GJ

for both Hybrid and Electric vehicles into LEAP.


Electric Vehicles
Number of Vehicles:

The mitigation option - Electric cars


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Replaces the baseline option - Conventional ICE cars


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost ($/vehicle)
Lifetime (years)
Unit Annualized Investment ($) $ -
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
Tonne CO2 reduction/vehicle

$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


Decreases gasoline use in 2030 by 0.00
Increases electricity use in 2030 by 0.00

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

Copy this formula to the Demand/Transport/Gasoline:Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010, 0,2030, 0+0) ?Includes gas saved from both hybrid and electric vehicles (m GJ)

Copy this formula to the Demand/Transport/Electricity: Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue+Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?Extra electricity demand from electric vehicles (m GJ)
kWh/vehicle-year
MWh/year = -

GJ/vehicle-year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
-
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0.00

$ -

million GJ
million GJ

and electric vehicles (m GJ)


hicles (m GJ)
GJ/year
Industrial Combined Heat and Power

The mitigation option - Natural Gas-fired CHP


Consumes: 12
Total Fuel Use:

Replaces the baseline option - Oil-fired boilers


Fuel: 12
Total Fuel Use:

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost (million $)
Lifetime (years)
Total Annualized Investment (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
Tonne CO2 reduction

$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


In 2030, mitigation option:
Reduces fuel oil consumption by: -
Increases natural gas consumption by: 0
Reduces net electricity consumption by: 0

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

Copy this formula to the Demand/Industry/Fuel Oil:Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?Fuel oil saved
Copy this formula to the Demand/Industry/Natural Gas: Final Energy Intensity branch:
BaselineValue+Interp(2010,0,2030,0)? Extra natural gas in CHP plants

Copy this formula to the Demand/Industry/Electricity: Final Energy Intensity branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010,0,2030,0)? Electricity generation avoided by CHP plants
Heat Required (both options): GJ

Produces: 12
GJ/year GJ/year

GJ/Year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
-
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0

$ -

million GJ
million GJ
million GJ
GJ Figure 1: Mitigation Option

GJ/year

Figure 2: Baseline Option


Carbon Capture with Coal Electricity Generation
The mitigation option - Coal with CCS
Fuel: 11
Capacity (MW)
Availability
Efficiency:
Fuel consumption: #DIV/0!

Replaces the baseline option - Existing Coal


Fuel: 12
Efficiency:
Fuel consumption: #DIV/0!

Annual Costs ($) Mitigation


Unit Capital Cost ($/kW)
Total Capital Cost (million $) $ -
Lifetime (years)
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) #DIV/0!
Total Annual Cost (million $) #DIV/0!

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 #DIV/0!
Fuel N2O #DIV/0!
Fuel CH4 #DIV/0!
Total CO2 equiv. #DIV/0!
$/tonne CO2 eq

What does this mean for fuel consumption?


In 2030, mitigation option:
Decreases coal consumption by: #DIV/0!

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?


Refer to the LEAP training materials for more information on how to add
supply side mitigation options.
MWh/year = #DIV/0!

MWh/year = #DIV/0!

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
$ - $ -
0
$ - $ -
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

million GJ
GJ/year

GJ/year
Hydro Power
The mitigation option - Hydroelectric Power Plant
Unit Size
Fuel: 12
Electricity Production (MWh):
Electricity Production (GJ): 0

Replaces the baseline option - Existing Coal Power Plant


Fuel: 12
Unit fuel consumption:
Total Fuel Use: 0

Annual Costs (million $) Mitigation


Unit Investment Cost $ -
Lifetime (years) 35
Unit Annualized Investment $ -
Total Investment Cost $ -
Total Annual O&M $ -
Annual Fuel Cost $ -
Total Annual Cost $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv -
Tonne CO2 reduction

$/tonne CO2 eq

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?


Refer to the LEAP training materials for more information on how to add
supply side mitigation options.
MW

MWh/year
GJ/year

MWh/year
GJ/year

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ - $ -
35
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


- -
- -
- -
- -
0

$ -
Solar Power
The mitigation option

Fuel: 13
Capacity (MW)
Availability
Electricity Production:

Replaces the baseline option...


Fuel: 10
Capacity:
Fuel consumption:

Annual Costs Mitigation


Unit Capital Cost ($/kW)
Total Capital Cost (million $) $ -
Lifetime (years)
Total Investment Cost (million $) $ -
Unit Variable O+M Costs ($/MWh)
Total Annual O&M Costs (million $) $ -
Annual Fuel Cost (million $) $ -
Total Annual Cost (million $) $ -

Annual GHG Emissions (tonnes) Mitigation


Fuel CO2 -
Fuel N2O -
Fuel CH4 -
Total CO2 equiv. -
$/tonne CO2 eq

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?


Refer to the LEAP training materials for more information on how to add
supply side mitigation options.
MWh/year = -

MWh/year = -

Baseline Increase (Mit - Bas)


$ -
$ - $ -
$0
$ - $ -
$ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -
$ - $ -

Baseline Reduction (Bas - Mit)


-
-
-
- -
$ -
GJ/year

GJ/year
Forestry
Area Planted (ha)
Unit Annual C sequestered (Tonnes C/ha)
Total CO2 Sequestered (Tonnes) -
Cost ($/Tonne C)
Cost ($/tonne CO2) $ -

How do we enter this into LEAP's mitigation scenario?

Copy this formula to the Non-Energy Sector/Forestry branch:


BaselineValue-Interp(2010,0,2030,0) ?CO2 sequestered (m Tonnes CO2)

See the LEAP training materials for more information.


Assumptions ASSUMPTIONS

Discount rate = 5%

Emission factors (kg/GJ) CO2 CH4 N2O Price (USD/GJ)


Fuel oil 77.4 0.0020 0.0006 6.0
Diesel oil 74.1 0.0020 0.0006 6.0
Gasoline 69.3 0.0200 0.0006 10.0
Kerosene 71.9 0.0070 0.0006 8.0
Charcoal 80.0 0.0010 0.0006 2.5
Firewood (Unsustainably Grown) 110.0 0.0040 0.0001 1.0
Modern Biomass - 0.0040 0.0001 2.0
LPG 63.1 0.0010 0.0006 14.0
Natural gas 56.9 0.0040 0.0001 8.0
Coal 94.6 0.0010 0.0014 1.0
Coal w/ CCS 14.2 0.0002 0.0002 1.0
Electricity 89.7 0.0011 0.0009 25.0
Hydro/Renewables - - - -

Global warming potentials:


1 Tonne CH4 = 23 Tonne CO2
1 Tonne N2O = 296 Tonne CO2

Baseline Electricity Mix Percent


Coal 0.5
Hydro 0.3
Oil 0.2

Mitigation Electricity Mix Percent


Coal 0.2
Hydro/Renewables 0.6
Oil 0.2

Local number formatting


List Separator ,